宁波市 2013 年高考模拟试卷
第一部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节：单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、 C 和 D 四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 B、 1. _______ applicat
ion of transgenic technology(转基因技术) should be restricted on all food production and the government should take _______ “scientific attitude” toward genetically modified food, Yuan Longping said. A. The ; a B. An; the C. The; the D. An; a 2. People _______ out for more money for their health care for a long time. We believe that our government will take some effective action after the National People’s Congress. A. have cried B. have been crying C. had been crying D. are crying 3. I prefer a house in beautiful surroundings in the countryside to _______ in such a noisy street in Shanghai. A. it B. that C. this D. one 4. My father likes meat very much while my mother always has a (an) _______ for vegetables and fruits. A. appreciation B. preference C. reference D. enjoyment 5. In the western mountains where there is plenty of rainfall, trees are extremely tall, some _______ over 80 meters. A. measured B. measuring C. are measured D. measure 6. _______ is reported in the newspaper, the air pollution in some big cities, such as Beijing and Wuhan, has become more and more serious. A. That B. Which C. As D. What 7. Mary was so excited _______ she heard that her parents decided to send her aboard for further study. A. that B. where C. why D. when 8. It is quite often that the workers are always _______ by heat if they work outdoors for a long time in the hot summer afternoon. A.astonished B. depressed C.overcome D. hit 9. Mary once taught English in a remote village school as a volunteer, which is _______ only on foot. A. acceptable B. accessible C. available D. appropriate 10. After three hours’ discussion, the meeting finally _______ without any agreement on the issue. A. broke out B. broke down C. broke away D. broke through 11. As soon as little Tom had _______ a little from his operation at his back, his first thought was to get out to meet his friends. A. returned B. survived C. absorbed D. recovered 12. Before taking measures to solve the problem, it is necessary for us to know _______ the problem itself is. A. what B. that C. which D. why
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13. The experienced driver tried every method he knew, but the car _______ not start. A. would B. should C. must D. might 14. ---What’s your plan for the future? --- I hope to get a job in the local newspaper at first and _______ work for China Daily. A. regularly B. frequently C. eventually D. gradually 15. Is it _______ you are always playing computer games _______ really makes your parents so angry? A. /; that B. what; that C. that; what D. that; that 16. My father suggests that I should take some notes_______ while listening to the teachers in class. A. if necessary B. if so C. if not D. if ever 17. _______ the moment they heard the starting signal given by their coach. A. Down the hill did the children run B. Ran the children down the hill C. Down the hill the children ran D. Down the hill ran the children 18. Ningbo is a small city. Therefore, to _______ the flow of traffic, the government has decided to broaden some main streets. A. speed up B. build up C. put up D. come up （1） But for my teacher’s help when I was in the senior school, I _______ in Fudan University now. A. would not have studied B. hadn’t studied C. would not be studying D. was not studying 20. --- I would appreciate it if you can forgive Mary and make friends with her again. --- _______. If only she would apologize to me for what she has done to me. A. By no means B. By all means C. My pleasure D. It’s a pleasure. 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分；满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从 21～40 各题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中, 选出最佳 选项, 并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 My mother has never beaten me and my brothers. 21 she found some special ways of punishment. One occurred when I was four. One day at daycare, I 22 an extremely tired mother attempt to pick up her daughter. The little girl asked her mother to have dinner in McDonald’s, but the mother replied, “Honey, not tonight. Mom has to go home and cook dinner for Daddy.” “But I wanna go.” “Susie, I said not tonight...” Susie immediately dropped 23 , kicking and screaming, “I want to go to McDonald’s.” Her mother tried to stop Susie’s tantrum(发脾气), but 24 . Finally her mother 25 , “Okay, Susie, let’s go to McDonald’s.” Susie stopped yelling and 26 . I was amazed; and at the same time, I was 27 that anything I wanted could be got in this way. That day my mother picked me up early from daycare to buy gifts for Christmas. When we passed by the toy section, I saw a white and red telephone 28 bells rang as it was pulled along. I asked, “Mama, can I have that telephone?” “Baby, not now, but if you are a good girl, maybe 29 will bring it to you.” “But Mama, I want it right now.” Her eyes 30 and her hand tightened on mine. “Becky, you 31 have that telephone today, but if you misbehave, you can have a spanking(打屁 股).” By now we were standing in the long Holiday line in the Gift Department, and I 32 it was now or never. I 33 on the ground and began screaming, “I want that telephone,” over and over again. The shoppers looked at my mother 34 my mother calmly said, “Becky, you’d better get up 35 three or else. One…Two…Three.” 36 happened. I was still in full tantrum. So then she lay down beside me, and began kicking
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and screaming, “I want a new car, I want a new house, I want some 37 , I want…” Shocked, I stood up. “Mama, stop. Mama get up,” I 38 begged. She stood. The others waiting in line began to clap, and then, laughed, patting my mother. The next thirty minutes in line was miserable for me as various parents left the Gift Department, 39 their heads at me and saying with a smile, “I bet you'll never try that again.” And I didn't, because it left a lasting 40 picture more effective than any physical mark. 21. A. Therefore B. However C. Instead D. Furthermore 22. A. watched B. realized C. observed D. noticed 23. A. on the chair B. to the floor C. on the playground D. on the bed 24. A. in relief B. in reality C. in vain D. in need 25. A. gave up B. gave away C. gave out D. gave in 26. A. laughed B. cried C. smiled D. shouted 27. A. frightened B. delighted C. upset D. moved 28. A. whose B. which C. that D. where 29. A. your father B. your sister C. your mother D. Father Christmas 30. A. narrowed B. fired C. angered D. flamed 31. A. can not B. must not C. will not D. should not 32. A. counted B. figured C. declared D. announced 33. A. took down B. fell down C. lay down D. knocked down 34. A. while B. as C. once D. if 35. A. by the count of B. at the count of C. in the count of D. before the count of 36. A. Everything B. Something C. Nothing D. Anything 37. A. books B. flowers C. necklace D. jewelry 38. A. angrily B. happily C. tearfully D. painfully 39. A. nodding B. shaking C. trembling D. moving 40. A. beautiful B. impressive C. significant D. mental 第二部分：阅读理解（第一节 20 小题，第二节 5 小题；每小题 2 分, 满分 50 分） 第一节：阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸 上将该选项标号涂黑。 A For centuries, in the countries of south and Southeast Asia, the elephant has been an important part of the culture, economy and religion. And nowhere more so than in Thailand. Unlike its African cousin, the Asian elephant is easily domesticated (驯化).The rare so-called white elephants have actually lent the power of royalty to its rulers, and until the 1920s the national flag was a white elephant on a red background. To the early Western visitors, the country’s romantic name was “Land of the White Elephant”. Today, however, the story is very different. Out of work and out of land, the Thai elephant struggles for survival in a nation that no longer needs it. The elephant has found itself more or less deserted by previous owners who have moved on to a different economic world and a society in the western part. And while the elephant’s problems began many years ago, now it has a very low national advantage. How does the national symbol turn into ignored animals? It is a story of worse environment and the changing lives of the Thais themselves. According to Richard Lair, Thailand’s expert on the Asian
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elephant and author of the report Gone Astray, at the turn of the last century, there may well have been as many as 100,000 national elephants in the country. In the north of Thailand alone, it was estimated (估计) that more than 20,000 elephants were employed in transport, 1,000 of them alone on the road between the cities of Chiang Mai and Chiang Saen. This was at a time when 90 percent of Thailand was still forest—a habitat that not only supported the animals but also made them necessary to carry goods and people. Nothing ploughs through thick forest better than lots of sure-footed elephants. By 1950 the elephant population had dropped, but still to the number of 13,397. However, today there are probably no more than 3,800, with another 1,350 wandering free in the national parks. But now, Thailand’s forest covers only 20 percent of the land. This deforestation (采伐森林) is the central point of the elephant’s difficult situation, for it has effectively put the animals out of work. This century, as the road network grew, the elephant’s role as a beast of burden decreased. 41. What can we know about African elephants from the passage? A. It is easy to domesticate them. B. It is hard to domesticate them. C. They are living a better life than Asian elephants. D. Their fate is quite similar to that of Asian elephants. 42. Thailand was once called “Land of the White Elephant” because________. A. white elephant was a national symbol until the 1920s B. white elephant is rarely seen and thus very special C. white elephant has helped kings to gain the ruling authority D. this name was so romantic that it was popular among visitors 43. Why is the Thai elephant “out of work”, according to the author? A. Because there are too many elephants but too few jobs. B. Because the elephants can’t do labor work any longer. C. Because the government pays little attention to the problem. D. Because the elephants are no longer useful to their owners. 44. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the elephant population at various times? A. There were 100,000 domesticated elephants at the turn of the last century. B. 20,000 elephants were employed in transport in Thailand at the turn of the century. C. By 1950 the elephant population in Thailand has been quite small. D. Today the elephant population is estimated at 5,150. 45. The passage is most probably from________. A. a travel magazine B. a history book C. a research report D. an official announcement B Why buy a new car when you can improve the one you have with the latest technology? Here are two new methods that will not only make life behind wheel more comfortable but may also end up saving you money. WI-FI on Wheels It’s not enough that children complain about having nothing to watch on television. These days, they even complain about having Watch Your Back Blind spots behind cars and SUV’s make backing up dangerous as well as potentially deadly for children. Nationally, the group Kids
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nothing to watch in the car. Fortunately, for every unsatisfied youth, there is a new technological solution: Wi-Fi Internet access for the back seat of your vehicle. In the United States, Chrysler is the first to offer such a system, which turns any Chrysler or Dodge into a Wi-Fi hotspot. Called UConnect, the $499 dealer-installed option is a high-speed cell-like Internet connection with a wireless router that sits in your car’s trunk(行李箱). Monthly service costs $29 for Internet access, which is available to any device that has Wi-Fi and is within 100 feet of your car. With UConnect, passengers can check emails messages on a laptop, send instant messages to friends or watch YouTube videos online. It allows passengers to search for movie listings on a smart phone or connect a Sony PSP video game player to the Web. It also offers the ability to freely upload photos from a Wi-Fi-equipped digital camera to an online sharing service like Flickr. For critics who claim that putting Wi-Fi Internet access in a car feeds the danger of driver distraction(分散注意力), parents may well disagree: What’s more distracting, the temptation to check email or a lot of children talking to you from the back seat?
and Cars estimates that two children a week are killed by cars backing up. The Transportation Department is establishing visibility standards for future vehicles, but there’s no need to wait. A back-view back system can be an expensive option in a new car. In the 2008 Subaru Tribeca, for example, the back-view camera option is available only in connection with the inner navigation system, at a price of $2,400. And professionally equipped systems can cost $400 or more. However, there are now inexpensive back-view packages you can help yourself, such as the $130 Audiovox ACA250 Wireless Vehicle Rear Observation System. It includes a camera that increases on a back license-plate holder and grasps onto a vehicle’s backup light. It can send a back-view image to a small L.C.D. Monitor that can be carried into electronic equipment and increased on the dashboard(仪表板). Audiovox claims the camera housing is not afraid of dust. In some areas where radio waves are plentiful, the image can be affected by occasional interference, but the picture, with its wide 110-degree camera point, is good enough to see things or children behind you.
46. What is the best title of the passage? A. DIY methods for your car. B. The importance of putting internet access in your car. C. The way of putting a back-view system. D. How to save money in your life? 47. What’s the parents’ attitude to the safety concern of car Internet access? A. They agree with the critics’ opinion. B. They consider it a great danger for driving. C. They think that talking with children is more dangerous. D. They believe it unnecessary to have car Internet access. 48. What’s the potential danger for children? A. Electronic equipment. B. Backing-up car. C. Earphones behind the wheel. D. Highway engine failure. 49. How can the back-view package see the back of the car? A. With a camera onto the side of backup light.
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B. With an inner navigation system. C. With a dashboard. D. With a cell phone. C To some, it’s a dream job---eating delicious meals for free and then writing about them. But for some food critics, their eyes aren’t the only thing that gets wide with yet another feast. Karen Fernau, a food writer for The Arisona Republic, said when she first started her job she began to gain weight. “I always looked forward to lunch before this job, then all of a sudden lunch was all day every day.” she says. Nine years later, keeping her weight steady and her health intact (完好无损的)is a daily battle. If she knows she will be going to a tasting at a bakery or eating a four-course meal, she usually eats fruits or salads throughout the day. Now she is always keeping track of what’s in the food she eats and she says most people don’t even look at or consider it. At one tasting task alone, she says, upward of 1,000 calories is often added to her day. That’s about half of the recommended total calories per day for the average adult. But even though she’s thought of a special eating method, Fernau says sticking to it is a daily battle. And food editors, writers and critics across the country couldn’t agree more. “When I’m at home or not eating for work, it’s healthy food to the extreme,” says Phil Vettel, who’s been a restaurant critic for the Chicago Tribune for 19 years. Vettle, who eats dinner at four restaurants each week, says unlike most professions, he has no right to choose. “If I’m going out to eat, I can’t choose the healthiest thing on the menu, I have to eat when they’re bringing me.” While Vettel exercises when he can, Joe Yonan, a food editor at The Washington Post, has strengthened his exercise habits since he started the job two years ago. Yonan says he realized early on that he was gaining weight and immediately hired a personal trainer to meet with three times a week, on top of his body training three to five times a week. Still, it’s a struggle that many Americans might envy. After all, it’s one thing to get your calories from lobster(龙虾) tails or a delicate(精致的) chocolate cookie and quite another to get them from sodas and fast-food burgers. 50. What does the underlined sentence mean in Para 1? A. The food critics are always impressed by the delicious food in the restaurant. B. The food critics are shocked to learn they have to have one more feast. C. There is a wide variety of choices for the food critics to choose from. D. The food critics eat delicious food, which also tends to result in gaining weight. 51. What can we learn about the job of being a food critic? A. They enjoy free and delicious dishes and make comments on them. B. They only work for local magazines and newspapers. C. Once they become food critics, they tend to stay in the job. D. Their excellent sense of taste makes them qualified for the job. 52. What is mentioned to be a method that food writers use to keep fit? A. Not eating anything except for the free meals. B. Writing down everything they put into their mouth. C. Hiring a personal trainer for special exercise instructions. D. Choosing only the healthy food on the menu. 53. What can we infer from the last paragraph? A. No matter whether the food is expensive or not, the gaining of calories is the same. B. The calories that lobster tails and chocolate cookies contain are less harmful.
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C. Americans envy those food critics since they enjoy delicate and tasty food. D. Everybody should take the calories in their food carefully. 54. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. A job offering free meals may not be as desirable as it sounds to be. B. Dishes in the restaurant usually contain too many calories. C. Eating fruits and vegetables every day is the best way to lose weight. D. Food writers work hard to maintain their health and weight. D I first heard this story a few years ago from a girl. Probably the story is one of those mysterious bits of folklore that reappear every few years. However, I still like to think that it really did happen, somewhere, sometime. They were going to Fort Lauderdale -- three boys and three girls -- and when they boarded the bus, they were carrying sandwiches and wine, dreaming of golden beaches and sea tides as the gray, cold spring of New York vanished behind them. As the bus passed through New Jersey, they began to notice Vingo. He sat in front of them, dressed in a plain, ill-fitting suit, never moving, his dusty face masking his age. He kept chewing the inside of his lip a lot, frozen into complete silence. Deep into the night, the bus pulled into Howard Johnson’s, and everybody got off except Vingo. He sat rooted in his seat, and the young people began to wonder about him: perhaps he was a sea captain, a runaway from his wife, an old soldier going home. When they went back to the bus, one of the girls sat beside him and introduced herself. “We’re going to Florida,” she said brightly. “I hear it’s really beautiful.” “It is,” he said quietly, as if remembering something he had tried to forget. “Want some wine?” she said. He thanked her and retreated again into his silence. After a while, she went back to the others, and Vingo nodded in sleep. In the morning, they awoke outside another Howard Johnson’s, and this time Vingo went in. The girl insisted that he join them. He seemed very shy, and ordered black coffee and smoked nervously as the young people chattered about sleeping on beaches. When they returned to the bus, the girl sat with Vingo again, and after a while, slowly and painfully, he began to tell his story. He had been in jail in New York for the past four years, and now he was going home. “Are you married?” “I don't know.” “You don't know?” she said. “Well, when I was in jail I wrote to my wife,” he said. “I told her that I was going to be away a long time, and that if she couldn’t stand it, if the kids kept asking questions, she could just forget me. I’d understand. Get a new guy, I said – she’s a wonderful woman -- and forget about me. I told her she didn’t have to write me. And she didn’t. Not for three and a half years.” “And you’re going home now, not knowing?” “Yeah,” he said shyly. “Last week, when I was sure the parole was coming through, I wrote her again. There’s a big oak tree just as you come into town, I told her that if she didn’t have a new guy and if she’d take me back, she should put a yellow handkerchief on the tree, and I’d get off and come home. If she didn’t want me, forget it -- no handkerchief, and I’d go on through.” “Wow,” the girl exclaimed. “Wow.” She told the others, and soon all of them were in it, caught up in the approach of Brunswick,
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looking at the pictures Vingo showed them of his wife and three children. Now they were 20 miles from Brunswick, and the young people took over window seats, waiting for the approach of the great oak tree. Vingo stopped looking, tightening his face, as if fortifying himself against still another disappointment. Then Brunswick was 10 miles, and then five. Then, suddenly, all of the young people were up out of their seats, screaming and shouting and crying. All except Vingo. Vingo sat there stunned, looking at the oak tree. It was covered with yellow handkerchiefs -- 20 of them, 30 of them, maybe hundreds. As the young people shouted, the old con slowly rose from his seat and made his way to the front of the bus to go home. 55. According to the passage, which statement is TRUE? A. The young people are travelling from Florida to New York. B. Vingo was put in prison ten years ago, and now he was set free to go home. C. The young people around Vingo were quite curious about his silence. D. At last, Vingo went home together with the three boys and three girls. 56. From the underlined sentences in Para 3, we can infer that ________. A. Vingo was nervous because he didn’t know whether his wife would accept him. B. Vingo was very disappointed because his wife didn’t answer his letter. C. Vingo was very shy because he knew someone was watching him. D. Vingo was excited because he could go home and meet his wife and children. 57. The underlined word “fortify” in the passage has the same meaning as that in Sentence_____. A. The French soldiers are working hard to fortify airbase. B. The food has been fortified with Vitamin C. C. People in the whole city were fortified by the moving story about their hero. D. We had to drink some more coffee to fortify ourselves for the journey. 58. Which word do you think can best describe Vingo’s wife? A. humorous B. loyal C. generous D. hard-working 59. After reading the whole story, we can probably make a conclusion that________. A. Young people are always curious about everything new around them. B. Home is always the first place a person wants to go. C. Don't laugh at a person who has no home. D. It is impolite to ask questions about one’s privacy that he or she doesn’t want to tell. 60. What’s the best title for the passage? A. A story of a poor man B. The power of love C. Help from strangers D. Going home 第二节：下面文章中有 5 处（第 61～65 题）需要添加小标题。请从以下选项（A、B、C、D、E 和 F）中选出符合各段意思的小标题，并在答题纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多 余选项。 A. Study the levels of stress by comparison. B. Higher level of stress causes more trouble. C. Milder stress does more harm than expected. D. A certain level of stress is efficient in working conditions.
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E. Always pay enough attention to mild stress. F. Modern social conditions may lead to stress. 61. ________________________ Even relatively mild stress can lead to long term disability and an inability to work, reveals a large population based study published online in the Journal of Epidemiology (流行病学) and Community Health. It is well known that mental health problems are associated with long term disability, but the impact of milder forms of psychological stress is likely to have been underestimated (低估), say the authors. 62. ________________________ Between 2002 and 2007, the authors tracked the health of more than 17,000 working adults up to the age of 64, who had been randomly selected from the population in the Stockholm area. All participants completed a validated (经验证的) questionnaire at the start of the study to measure their mental health and stress levels, as well as other aspects of health and wellbeing. 63. ________________________ During the monitoring period, 649 people started receiving disability benefit--- 203 for a mental health problem and the remainder for physical ill health. Higher levels of stress at the start of the study were associated with a significantly greater likelihood of subsequently being awarded long term disability benefits. But even those with mild stress were up to 70% more likely to receive disability benefits, after taking account of other factors likely to influence the results, such as lifestyle and alcohol intake. One in four of these benefits awarded for a physical illness, such as high blood pressure, angina(心绞痛), and stroke(中风), and almost two thirds awarded for a mental illness, were likely to have been caused by stress. 64. ________________________ The authors say that it is important to consider their findings in the context of modern working life, which places greater demands on employees, and social factors, such as fewer close personal relationships and supportive networks. 65. ________________________ These factors lead them to ask, “Are the strains and demands of modern society commonly exceeding( 超 出 ) human ability?” And they conclude that while mild stress should not be overmedicalised, their findings suggest that it should be taken more seriously than it is.
II 卷（非选择题部分：共 40 分）
第三部分：写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在下面加上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Uncle Marion was one of my mother’s younger brother. He has been died for a year. When I was a teenager, he taught us how to hunt in the New Jersey woods used the hours before dawn. We usually
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left home at three o’clock in the morning, stayed in local restaurant for breakfast, and then travel on to one of his hunting destinations. Just after dawn, he would find the right spot in the woods. He would show me how not to make a sound and a movement. Though I never hunted an animal successfully, but I learned to be brave and patiently through the experience. 第二节：书面表达（满分 30 分） 人人都在渴望幸福，人人都在感受幸福。请用英语写一篇 120 词左右的短文，描述你体验幸 福的一次经历，并谈一谈你对幸福的理解。 ________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________
One possible version:
It was a cold, late afternoon and it was showering. Without an umbrella to shelter me from the heavy rain, I had to stand still and wait for my father. After seemingly long hours’ waiting, my father finally arrived. I was about to rush home when I found that my English teacher, Miss Wang, was also waiting for the rain to stop. Without any hesitation, I went to her and gave my umbrella to her. Surprised but happy, she accepted it. Seeing Miss Wang walking in the rain with my umbrella, I smiled and a sense of happiness sprung up in my heart. As a famous saying goes, happiness is only real when shared. As long as we are willing to share, we will find happiness everywhere.(128 words)
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