Teaching goals 教学目标 1. Target language 目标语言 a. 重点词汇和短语
scientist 教案 新人教版必修 5
standard, midwestern, Spanish, eastern, southestern, northw
estern, recognize, play a part (in) b. 重点句型 Believe it or not, there is no such a thing... P13 The US is a large country in which... P13 Geography also plays a part in... P51 2. Ability goals 能力目标 Enable the students to gain the knowledge about dialects and how the editors of The Oxford English Dictionary work on it. 3. Learning ability goals 学能目标 Help the Ss learn to make notes about Murray’s life. Teaching important points 教学重点 Make notes about Murray’s life. Talk about dialects in China after reading. Teaching difficult points 教学难点 After reading the text, summarize the good qualities needed for success. Teaching methods 教学方法 Listening and fast reading. Discussion and cooperative learning. Teaching aids 教具准备 A recorder and a projector. Teaching procedures & ways 教学过程与方法 Step I Greeting and Revision Check the Ss’ homework by asking some of the students to retell the text. T: Good morning/afternoon, boys and girls. Who can retell the text?
S: Let me have a try. At first, only people in England spoke English. Later, people from England moved to other parts, so English began to be spoken in many countries. Today, more people speak English as their first, second, or foreign language. Native English speakers can understand each other but not everything. All languages change when cultures communicate with one another. So there are British English, American English, Australian English and so on. They all have their own identity. English is also spoken as a foreign or second language in many other countries. Maybe one day Chinese English will become one of the world English. Task Listen and find the British and American words which are different but have the same meaning. Work in pairs. T: Turn to P12.part5. Listen to the dialogues one by one. Then tell your partner which words are different but have the same meaning. Let’s listen to the first one. After listening, the Ss give their answer: sweet-candy, lorry-truck, autumn-fall. Step II Pre-reading Task Introduce their dictionaries. T: If we meet a new word, we will turn to our dictionaries. Who would like to introduce dictionary to us? S1: My dictionary is the Oxford English dictionary. It can help me find new words, phrases, examples and so on. S2: This is my dictionary. With its help, I can tell the difference between similar words. What’s more, pictures in it make it easy for me to understand and master new words. Step III Reading Task1 Listen and answer questions. T: The Oxford English dictionary is the largest dictionary. Who is the editor? How many years did it take to complete the dictionary? Now please listen to the tape and answer questions. Ss listen to the tape carefully and answer questions. T: Who is the editor? S: James Murray and some others.
T: Excellent! Next question? Ss: Forty-four years. Task2 Read the passage and fill in the table. Work in pairs. T: Please turn to page 52 .Read the table first. Make sure the Ss know what they are expected to do. T: When you fill in “its difficulties” and “Qualities needed”, please discuss with your partner. Ss read the passage and fill in the table. Discussion S: It’s the biggest dictionary so it is very difficult to complete. S: And there was no computer at that time, so he had to write with pen and paper.... T: OK, I’ll ask some groups to report their opinions. Ss show their answers. Country Education Job Most important task Scotland Village school then taught himself. Work in a bank, teacher. Its difficulties: the biggest
dictionary, work in a place where it is too hot or to cold, work alone at first, only used pen and paper. Qualities needed: hard work, interest in the job, patience. Who worked on it Murray, his two daughters and other editors. Date of completion Other information 1928 Ideas for this dictionary from a meeting in Britain in 1857.Begin to do it in 1895.Hoped to finish it in ten years. Step IV Reading and talking (Page 13)
Task1 Read and answer questions. Write “dialects” on the Bb. T: Please explain it in English. Ss: Look it up in the dictionary. Ss: Dialect means a form of a language that people speak in a particular part of a contry. T: You are quite right. There are many dialects in American English. Do you know why? Please turn to Page 13 and find the answer in the text. One minute later. T: Who would tell me why? S3: Let me try. That is because people come from all over the world. And geography plays a part in making dialects. Task 2 New words. T: Very good. Now, look at the screen and try to guess the meaning of these words and put them in the right places in the map. Bb: southeast, northeast, southwest, northwest, south, west, east Ask one student fill in the map. Show more words on the screen. T: What’s the difference between these two groups? Bb: southeastern, northeastern, southwestern, northwetern, southern, western, eastern, northern Ss watch and look up their dictionary. Ss: The first group in Noun. The second is adjective. T: Please try to memory these words. Task3 Games. Work in groups of four. The teacher plays the recorder. Ss listen and recognize different dialects in China. T: Which dialect is it? Ss: Dongbei.? T: Who will tell an interesting story that shows great difference between dialects in China? Ss tell their partner an interesting story.
Discussion “Why do we learn putonghua?” T: Please discuss with your partner “Why do we learn putonghua?” Ss: Dialects are so different that people from different places cannot understand each other, while Putonghua is the very way to solve the problem. Homework Preview Listening and writing on Page 14. Describe the picture and the three boys and answer first four questions.
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