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(湖北专版)2014高考英语大二轮 增分精品专题复习试题 动词和动词短语(2)(含2013调研,真题,含解析)


第四讲
Ⅰ.多项选择

动词和动词短语

1.(2013·湖北武汉 4 月调研)Somehow,the old man had________a dangerous secret, one which could not be discussed in a room on a military base. A.put out C.

set out B.let out D.cut out

解析: 考查动词短语辨析。put out 熄灭,出版;let out 泄露,放出;set out 出 发,开始;cut out 切断,删去。句意为:不知怎么地,老人泄露了一个不能在军事基地的 房间里讨论的危险秘密。由语境可知,B 项正确。 答案: B 2 .(2013·湖北武汉 4 月调研 )It is necessary that parents should________the responsibility of helping their children develop legal awareness. A.take on C.look on B.carry on D.keep on

解析: 考查动词短语辨析。take on 承担,呈现;carry on 继续,开展,参与;look on 旁观;keep on 继续。由语境可知,家长有必要承担起帮助孩子增强法律意识的责任。 答案: A 3.(2013·湖北春季宜昌三校三月联考)China will continue to ________itself as a responsible nation to the world and it will be more active in international affairs. A.recommend C.present 解析: B.introduce D.display

考查动词辨析。句意为:中国将继续向全世界呈现一个负责任的国家形象,

将会更加积极地参与国际事务。present 呈现,符合句意。recommend 推荐;introduce 介 绍;display 展示。 答案: C 4.(2013·湖北春季宜昌三校三月联考)No matter how famous a brand is,it can be in ruins once it________the trust of consumers. A.achieves C.mistakes 解析: B.betrays D.interrupts

考查动词辨析。句意为:无论一个牌子多有名,一旦辜负了消费者的信任它

就有可能会毁灭。betray 辜负,对??不忠,符合句意。achieve 达到;mistake 误解; interrupt 打断。 答案: B 5.(2013·湖北春季宜昌三校三月联考)President Wang’s report at the meeting clearly________the company’s business strategy.
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A.mapped out C.sent out 解析:

B.turned out D.made out

考查动词短语辨析。句意为:王董事长在会议的报告中清晰地规划了公司的

经营策略。map out(精心细致地)规划,安排,符合句意。turn out 最后结果是;send out 发出;make out 看清,听清,辨认清楚。 答案: A 6.(2013·湖北省十堰市两校 4 月联考)On the first attempt to travel on December 28,2012 in Wuhan , though more than 300,000 passengers took the subway , things________quite well,actually,much better than the government had expected. A.put out C.gave out 解析: B.worked out D.took out

考查动词短语辨析。 句意为: 在 2012 年 12 月 28 日武汉地铁第一次试运行时,

尽管有 30 多万人乘坐,事情却进展得很好,实际上比政府预想的还要好得多。work out 成 功地发展,为不及物动词短语,后可接副词 well,故选 B。put out 扑灭,生产;give out 用完,耗尽;take out 拿出,取出。 答案: B 7.(2013·湖北黄冈部分中学统一调研)The old CCP member has gained the title of “Model Party Member”,which is an honor that he________most. A.possesses C.reserves B.deserves D.acquires

解析: 考查动词辨析。句意为:这位老党员获得了“模范党员”的称号,这是一个他 最应得的荣誉。deserve 应得,符合句意。possess 拥有;reserve 保留,预约;acquire 获得。 答案: B 8 . (2013· 湖 北 春 季 宜 昌 三 校 三 月 联 考 )Even today many companies still________offering women the equal job opportunities,which is no doubt against trends of the times. A.ignored C.neglected 解析: B.refused D.denied

考查动词辨析。句意为:即使在今天依然有很多公司拒绝给予女性平等的工

作机会,这无疑是违背时代潮流的。deny 拒绝,不允许,符合句意。ignore 忽视;refuse 拒绝,常用于 refuse to do sth.;neglect 疏忽,忽视。 答案: D 9 .(2013·湖北黄冈部分中 学统一检测 )These are all things which have only ________in the past few years.We should now review our experience,make appropriate
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adjustment and solve the problems which have arisen. A.come about C.come under B.come out D.come over

解析: 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:这些都只是最近几年才发生的事。我们现在应该 回想我们的经历,作出适当的调整,并解决已出现的问题。come about 发生,符合句意。 come out 泄露;come under 列在??下;come over 拜访。 答案: A 10.(2013·湖北七市 4 月联考)The monthly sales of Mo Yan’s works________199 times compared with those before he won the Nobel Prize for Literature. A.accelerated C.multiplied B.stretched D.switched

解析: 考查动词词义辨析。句意为:与获诺贝尔文学奖之前相比,莫言的作品每月的 销售量增加了 199 倍。A 项意为“加速,促进”;B 项意为“伸开,伸展,张开”;C 项意 为“乘,增加”;D 项意为“转换,切换”。根据空格后的“199 times”并结合选项的词 义可知,multiplied 符合语境。 答案: C 11.(2013·湖北七市 4 月联考)After the mass shootings at Sandy Hook Elementary School,President Obama ordered his members to________solutions to gun violence. A.put up with C.keep up with B.come up with D.catch up with

解析: 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:在桑迪胡克小学枪击案后,奥巴马总统命令其下 属提出解决枪支暴力的方案。put up with 意为“忍受,容忍”; come up with 意为“提 出,想出”;keep up with 意为“跟上,赶上”;catch up with 意为“追上,赶上”。题 干语境表示的是提出解决方案,come up with 符合题意。 答案: B 12 . (2013· 湖 北 八 校 三 月 调 考 )Chengdu is famous for various kinds of snacks.Prepared in different ways,they ________different tastes,good quality and low prices. A.spill C.suit 解析: B.feature D.distribute 考查动词辨析。句意为:成都以各种风味小吃闻名。它们用不同的方法配制,

以不同的口味、高质量和低价格为特色。spill(使)溢出;feature 以??为特色;suit 适 合,适宜;distribute 分散,使分布。 答案: B 13.(2013·湖北黄冈质量检测)Is college,which is supposed to be a place for
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academic interests and independent thinking , being________into a factory only producing professionals for a certain trade? A.transported C.transferred 解析: B.transformed D.transplanted

考查动词辨析。句意为:大学,这个本该是培养学术兴趣与独立思考的地方,

是不是正在被转变为一个工厂, 只会为某一特定行业培养专业人员?这里用 transform 表示 “使改观,使转化”。transport 运输;transfer 转移,换乘;transplant 移植。 答案: B 14.(2013·湖北黄冈质量检测)________with homesickness after separation from her family for months for the first time,the girl contacted her mum almost every day recently. A.Contented C.Covered 解析: B.Supplied D.Overcome

考查动词辨析。overcome 表示“被(感情)所控制,受到情绪的极大影响”,

符合句意, 表示“这个女孩受到了想家的极大影响”。 content 使满意; supply 供应; cover 覆盖。 答案: D 15.(2013·湖北黄冈质量检测)What is most important is facing the hard times, ________the changes,and getting through to the other side where the sun is still shining just for you. A.meeting with C.going with 解析: B.agreeing with D.coping with

考查动词短语辨析。句意为:最重要的是正视艰难时刻,应对变化,到达太

阳仍只为你发光的那一边。这里用 cope with 表示“对付,应付”。meet with 遇见;agree with 同意;go with 伴随。 答案: D Ⅱ.完形填空 (2013·湖北省八市高三年级三月调研) Our children grew up on peanut butter and jelly sandwiches,although my husband and I sometimes sneak one late at night with a glass of milk.I believe that the success of this__1__loved concoction(混合物) lies not in the brand of peanut butter,__2__in the jelly.The right jelly__3__the palate (味觉),and homemade jelly is the only choice. My mother?in?law was the jelly maker in this family.But she didn’t provide a wide range of flavors.It was either grape or blackberry.This limited choice was a
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welcome__4__in the days of toddlers,siblings and puppies.All I did was to__5__baby food jars,which my mother?in?law would seal with wax (蜡) and__6__back home with us.__7__I wanted to make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich,all I had to do was reach for one of little jars.Jelly making was just a way of__8__for my mother?in?law.She always did it,setting the__9__jelly on the shelves. My father?in?law died several years ago and this past December , she also__10__.Among the things in the house to be divided by her children were the__11__canned goods. The other day I reached my pantry ( 食 品 储 藏 室 ) for jelly for a quick sandwich.Sitting all alone on the far side of the shelf was a small jar of grape jelly,whose lid was__12__in some places.__13__on it were “GR” for grape and the year when the jelly was made. As I picked up the jar,I suddenly realized something that I had__14__to see earlier.This was the last jar we would ever have from the__15__loving hands.We hardly ever opened a jar of jelly at table without__16__about those thousands of little jars she had filled.It seemed like such a small thing,and most days it was something that was__17__for granted. No longer was it just a jar of jelly.It was the end of a family__18__.We have hundreds of pictures and many more memories that we expect to__19__the years and to pass on to our children.The jar of jelly won’t keep that long.It will either have to be eaten or__20__...but not today. 语篇解读 作者的孩子是吃着婆婆亲手做的果酱长大的, 这些年来婆婆做了数以千计的 罐装果酱。她去世后,看到家中存放的唯一一罐果酱引起了作者对亲情的感慨。 1.A.consequently C.universally B.mentally D.absolutely

解析: 根据 31 空前面的“我们的孩子从小吃加花生酱和果酱的三明治,我和丈夫有 时也在深夜就着牛奶偷吃一个”可知,这种食物是老少皆宜的,因此这里选 C.普遍地,全 体地。 答案: C 2.A.rather than C.or rather B.but rather D.other than

解析: not...but rather...“不是??而是??”是固定用法,符合语境。 答案: B 3.A.frustrates C.surprises B.excites D.delights
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解析: delight the palate 表示“口感好”,符合语境。 答案: D 4.A.alarm C.relief B.reminder D.belief

解析: 这个有限的选择在那些日子里成为一种受欢迎的安慰(relief)。 答案: C 5.A.save C.tick B.protect D.possess

解析: “我”要做的就是把婴儿食品罐都收集(save)起来, 婆婆会把这些食品罐用蜡 封好,然后寄(send)回家给我们。 答案: A 6.A.hold C.check B.put D.send

解析: 参见上题解析。send 表示“邮寄,派遣”。 答案: D 7.A.Wherever C.Whatever B.Whenever D.However

解析: 这里用 Whenever 引导时间状语从句表示“每当??”。每当“我”想做加花 生酱和果酱的三明治的时候,“我”只需拿一个小罐子出来就行了。 答案: B 8.A.life C.challenge B.competence D.profession

解析: 对“我”的婆婆来说,制作果酱已经成为她的一种生活(life)方式。 答案: A 9.A.flattered C.accomplished B.flashed D.figured

解析: 她总是这样做,然后把做好的酱放在架子上。accomplished“完成的”,符合 语境。 答案: C 10.A.gave away C.passed away B.broke away D.put away

解析: 根据上下文可知,这里表示今年的 12 月,婆婆也去世(passed away)了。 答案: C 11.A.fragrant C.historic B.charming D.remaining
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解析: 在婆婆的遗物中,有那些剩下的(remaining)罐装食品。 答案: D 12.A.rusty C.awkward 解析: (rusty)。 答案: A 13.A.Written C.Described B.Attached D.Conveyed B.dull D.musty

婆婆留下的这罐葡萄果酱摆放在架子的末端,盖子上面有些地方已经生锈

解析: 罐子上面写(Written)着代表葡萄的“GR”以及制作这罐果酱的年份。 答案: A 14.A.postponed C.failed B.rejected D.avoided

解析: 这里用 fail to do sth.表示“没能做某事”。拿起这罐果酱的时候,“我” 突然领会到“我”没有早一点儿看到的东西。 答案: C 15.A.superb C.academic B.patient D.mature

解析: 这是我们可以吃到的最后一罐来自那双有耐心的(patient)充满爱的双手的果 酱。 答案: B 16.A.kidding C.recommending B.remarking D.commenting

解析: 平时在饭桌上,我们总是拿婆婆做的上千瓶果酱开玩笑。kid 拿??开玩笑, 符合语境。 答案: A 17.A.considered C.looked B.taken D.treated

解析: 此处为固定短语 take sth.for granted,表示“认为??是理所当然的”。 答案: B 18.A.rule C.religion B.principle D.tradition

解析: 婆婆去世了,家里再也没人做果酱了,家中的这个传统(tradition)从此结束 了。 答案: D
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19.A.reflect C.associate

B.survive D.remind

解析: 我们有许多照片和更多的记忆, 我们希望这些东西可以在以后的岁月里保存下 来(survive)并且传给我们的孩子。 答案: B 20.A.cut out C.thrown out B.run out D.brought out

解析: 那罐葡萄果酱,要么被吃掉,要么被扔掉(thrown out)。 答案: C Ⅲ.阅读理解 (2013·河南省普通高中高三毕业班适应性测试一) In all the world’s cultures,people sing,play instruments,and celebrate with music.It plays such an important role in our lives that all fields focus on its study, including one looking at the biology of music.Experts find that because of the way our brains process music,learning to play an instrument or just listening to music can have a wide range of benefits. Music education has received a lot of attention.Learning to play an instrument can help children improve math,science,and language skills.One study in Canada

tracked children’s IQ scores for nine months,discovering that children who studied music had the biggest test score improvements.The secret may lie in the way reading music and playing notes use several areas of the brain,increasing our ability to learn school subjects.For example, reading notes improves spatial (空间的) reasoning skills,which are helpful in solving math problems like fractions (分数). Music is also used for medical purposes,such as the treatment of diseases which affect memories.The secret lies in the way the brain processes music.One area near the forehead,the medial prefrontal cortex,connects music with memories stored in two other areas:the amygdale and hippocampus.That’s why an old song can remind you of something that happened years ago.For patients suffering from diseases like Alzheimer’s,listening to music can help unlock buried memories by strengthening musical pathways to memories. With the evidence of music’s benefits,it’s no wonder some countries make music study a part of their education systems.People are recognizing that more than just a form of entertainment,music is also great for the brain.

语篇解读 科学研究表明,音乐不仅仅是一种娱乐方式,它也给我们带来了教育、医疗 等方面的诸多好处。
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1.Scientists are studying music because________. A.music can be used for medical treatments B.music plays a very important role in our lives C.our brains can process music in different ways D.music education has received a lot of attention 解析: 细节理解题。根据第一段第二句中的“It plays such an important role in our lives that all fields focus on its study”可知,科学家们研究音乐是因为音乐在 我们的生活中起着非常重要的作用。 答案: B 2.According to the Canadian study,which children increased IQ scores? A.Those who already had high IQ scores. B.Those who always played music. C.Those who could not play any instrument. D.Those who studied music for a period of time. 解析: 推理判断题。 根据第二段的第三句“One study in Canada tracked children’s IQ scores for nine months, discovering that children who studied music had the biggest test score improvements.”可推知,学了一段时间音乐的孩子智商会提高。 答案: D 3.Which of the following is a kind of disease? A.Spatial reasoning. B.Alzheimer’s. C.The amygdale and hippocampus. D.The medial prefrontal cortex. 解析: 细节理解题。 根据第三段第五句中的“For patients suffering from diseases like Alzheimer’s”可知,Alzheimer’s 是一种疾病,意为“早老性痴呆病”。spatial reasoning 指“空间推理”;the amygdale and hippocampus 是指大脑记忆存储的两个区; the medial prefrontal cortex 是指“内侧前额叶皮质”。 答案: B 4.Which can be the best title for the text? A.Music and health B.Music and the mind C.Music and education D.Music and instruments 解析: 标题判断题。通读全文可知,本文主要介绍了音乐和心智的关系,大脑在处理 音乐的过程中,给我们带来了诸多好处。因此 B 项为最佳标题。
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答案: B

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