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高考英语书面表达写作技巧[教学课件]


要 如何算是一篇好文章? 点 1.覆盖了所有的要点 全 2. 应用了较多的语法结构 和词汇 词汇,句型 (高级)和语法多
样化(较复杂)

连 接 词

3. 有效地使用了语句间的 连接成分,使全文结构紧凑 语言地道, 4. 语言得体 规范

topic sentence (主题句) supporting sentences (扩展句) ending (结尾句 )

a composition

过渡词:first, second, finally , and, besides, also, but, however, what’s more…

Writing a composition is just like making a sandwich.

一 改变句子的开头方式,不要一味地都是主语 开头,接着是谓语、宾语,最后再加一个状语。 可以把状语置于句首.

The boy is very hungry and he hurried home. Hungry, the boy hurried home.

The boy, hungry, hurried home.

二. Transformation of sentences in writing (写作中的句型转换)

A. 合并为简单句 1.把其中一句改为分词短语 He had finished supper. He went out to have a walk then.

Having finished supper, he went out to have a walk.

二. Transformation of sentences in writing (写作中的句型转换)

2. 把其中一句改为介词短语 He was brought in. His hands were tied behind his back.

He was brought in with his hands tied behind his back.

B. 合并为复合句 1. The Chinese artists were to perform here that night. The news cheered everyone of us.

The news that the Chinese artists were to perform here that night cheered everyone of us.

2 In recent years, Beijing has been advancing very fast. All these make people’s lives convenient, pleasant and colorful. In recent years, Beijing has been advancing very fast, which makes people’s lives convenient, pleasant…

C. 把复合句改为简单句
1. 把从句改为分词短语

She was anxious to find a job after she finished her studies. Having finished her studies, she was anxious to find a job.
2.把从句改为介词短语

I insisted that he should go. I insisted on him going.

三. 在整篇文章中,避免只使用一两个句 式,要灵活运用以下结构:
倒装句 强调句

主从复合句
分词状语

With 复合结构

Though he is wealthy, he works hard.

Wealthy as he is, he works hard. In spite of /Despite his wealth, he works hard.

He didn’t get up until 7 o’clock. It was not until 7 o’clock that he got up.

Not until 7 o’clock did he get up.

四.use “ complicated / advanced words” 注意使用词组、习语谚语、表强调的词来代替 一些单词,以增加文采。

I had a good idea.
A good idea occurred to / struck / came to me.

I came up with a good idea.

A. Second, twenty years ago, teenagers listened to music
with tape recorders. Differently, today we use mp3, mp4 and even mp5 which are easy to take.

B. Another change is in communication. Instead of writing
letters, teenagers nowadays prefer writing e-mails or calling to keep in touch with friends.

C. First, teenagers of twenty years ago learn from Lei Feng
and Zhang Haidi, while now we consider Bill Gates and … as our role models.

D. What great changes they are! E. Great changes have taken place in teenagers’ life during
the past twenty years. ECAB D Correct Order : ___________________________

一,改变句子的开头方式 二,句型转换 把其中一句改为分词短语 A.合并为简单句
把其中一句改为介词短语

B.合并为复合句
把从句改为分词短语

C.把复合句改为简单 把从句改为介词短语 句 三,避免只使用一两个句式,要灵活运用诸如倒装句、 强调句、主从复合句、分词状语、with 复合结构等. 四,注意使用高级词汇代替一些单词,以增加文采。 五.有效使用连接词,过渡自然,连贯通顺,使文章结 构紧凑。

Common mistakes
1 汉式英语

2
3 4

句式单一 平铺直叙
基础词汇掌握不牢 书写不规范

Writing steps:
1

determine what to write

2 3 4
5

think out the key words
make sentences edit check copy

6

1. 格式 2. 人称 3.时态 4. 要点 5.语法 6. 字数 7. 书写

书面表达(满分30分) 你校学生会准备办一期英语墙报, 主题为: 保护环境从我做起。 请你根据下图所示写一篇英语短文。 注意: 1. 词数100左右,开头语已为你写好; 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

What can I do for our environment? Everyone can do something for our environment.

protect our forests

save electricity
use paper wisely

turn off the lights use both sides of pape

not use things like paper cups or disposable chopsticks

include enough information?
Do you

use proper linking words?
make any spelling or grammar errors?

Is your handwriting clear enough to read?

What can I do for our environment? Everyone can do something for our environment. To love the environment is to love ourselves. As to me, I will try to save electricity in my daily life by remembering to turn off the lights when I am the last person to leave the classroom in the evening. In order to protect our forests, I will use paper wisely. It is both sides of paper that should be used whenever it is possible. What’s more, never will I use things like paper cups or disposable chopsticks because they are made of wood.

In a word, with doing all these small things, we will not only improve our environment but also help make our world a better place to live in.

Rome is not built in one day. Practice makes perfect!


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