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【备考2014】(江苏专用)2013版高中英语 素能提升演练(十二) Unit3 Tomorrow’s World 译林牛津版必修4


素能提升演练(十二)
必修 4 Ⅰ. 用下列句型翻译句子 1. 说到篮球,我们就想起了林书豪。(when it comes to. . . 说到) _________________________________________________________ 2. 她站在窗前看日落。(v. -ing 作伴随状语) __________________________

________________________________ 3. 又累又饿,他比往日更早地上床睡觉了。(形容词作状语) _________________________________________________________ 4. 虽然我很愿意帮忙,但没有多少时间。(while 引导让步状语从句) __________________________________________________________ 5. 我们该上床睡觉了。(It is time that. . . 某人该做某事了) ___________________________________________________________ Ⅱ. 单项填空 1. Congratulations on your promotion. You really ______ it. A. preserve B. observe C. deserve D. reserve Unit 3

2. [2012 兰州模拟]Leave it to me! I feel much more ______ about myself and my abilities these days. A. confident C. generous B. energetic D. curious

3. [2012 阜阳模拟]—It’s thirty years since we last met. —But I still remember the story, believe it or not, ______ we got lost on a rainy night. A. which B. that C. what D. when

4. —Your neighbors may _______ you with playing your radio too loudly at night. —I know. They never say anything that ______ me especially. A. accuse;appeals to C. charge;appeals to B. charge;appeal to D. blame;appeals to

5. The cinema looks very old because of its traditional design. ______ , it was

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finished only two months ago. A. In reality C. In return B. In turn D. In need

6. After three years of preparation for the 2011 Xi’an International Horticultural Expo (西安国际园博会), the city is ______ what many people think is the Green Special Olympics to the world. A. presenting C. introducing B. appealing D. developing

7. Shopping online can provide both ______ and choice, but not all websites are safe enough for shopping. A. convenience C. quality B. fashion D. shortcut

8. [2012 聊城模拟]At the meeting, all the people were deeply ______ with her brilliant report. A. impressed C. excited B. surprised D. comforted

9. [2012 鹰潭模拟]When I wanted to express my thanks to him,words ______ me. I just held his hands firmly and choked. A. left C. forgot B. fled D. escaped

10. [2012 蚌埠模拟]—How do you like your college life? —Terrible. Not only ______ less spare time, but _____ myself even busier than before. A. do I enjoy; do I find C. do I enjoy; I find B. I enjoy; I find D. I enjoy; do I find

11. —What has made you so happy, Mary? —Oh, I’ve just _______ an old friend I haven’t seen for years. A. come across C. come out B. come in D. come up

12. [2012 济南模拟]Doctors say that people need regular exercise to prevent their
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leg muscles becoming smaller and weaker _______ they age. A. when B. while C. as D. before

13. _______ others the difficulty he faced, he found his current situation was much better. A. Compared with C. Comparing with B. Compared to D. Comparing to

14. At the meeting, a proposal that he should take charge of the project ______. A. put forward C. came up with B. came up D. showed up

15. _______ at the gate of the theatre, he found the ticket for the play was left at home. A. To arrive C. As arriving Ⅲ. 完形填空 [ 2012 杭 州模拟] Russ was a lovable kid with a variety of communication challenges—a speech impediment (言语障碍), dyslexia (诵读困难), and auditory (听觉的) problems. today he is walking confidently, standing tall to make an acceptance 2 1 for B. Upon arriving D. While arriving

having been chosen as one of the “Outstanding Young Citizens” in Ocean County, New Jersey 3 his remarkable volunteer service in the town of Toms River. 4 those memorable moments.

As I listened, I closed my eyes. I found myself

My mind was full of warm images of Russ as a loving, caring youth, a gentle soul, 5 his challenges. And now, as he stood at the platform, I knew his heart 6

be racing. As Russ continued to speak, I thought about the fateful day when he was diagnosed with all those impairments(缺陷) and how 7 his tutors(家庭教师)

would be if they could see him today. Here he was at twenty-nine, being honored for ten years of service as a volunteer 8 . Russ was 9 for organizing

clothing for the homeless, teaching preschool children about fire safety, and for playing Santa Claus for very sick children by driving up in a fire truck.
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Russ thanked his parents for providing him with dignity and teaching him about morals. Then, pausing for a few seconds, he lovingly on the 11 10 us by surprise by touching

of his nephew, Austin. Austin was just three years old when 12

he died from an incurable disease. At that moment, I had to close my eyes again a different set of tears ran down my cheeks. A silence owed his volunteer award to Austin. He 14 13

the room as Russ

his address by lifting the audience

up with these words, “Austin taught me how to love. ” I have never thought of this day. would make 16 15 , no one had ever thought that Russ

as the star of the football team, and he had never been voted 17 18 to be a true “star” in his community. his unselfish service to others. With 19 with his heart. His words and

“most likely to succeed, ” but he Russ became a man of strong character

so many impairments, Russ now sees and acts

deeds inspire everyone who knows him. It is Russ, our son, who has shown us what 20 is. B. When B. speech C. As C. call B. regardless of D. in the face of B. recording D. expecting B. concerning about D. facing up to B. must C. would B. excited D. surprised B. tailor C. fireman B. responsible D. fit B. got C. shocked B. achievement
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1. A. And 2. A. point 3. A. in spite of C. because of 4. A. recalling C. seizing 5. A. putting up with C. escaping from 6. A. could 7. A. nervous C. proud 8. A. policeman 9. A. grateful C. anxious 10. A. took 11. A. birth

D. But D. appeal

D. might

D. tutor

D. moved

C. loss 12. A. since 13. A. dropped down C. took off 14. A. concluded C. delivered 15. A. Generally C. Actually 16. A. it 17. A. happened C. appeared 18. A. at 19. A. cautiously C. closely 20. A. sharing C. sacrifice Ⅳ. 书面表达 B. on B. him B. after

D. disease C. when B. fell over D. got up B. wrote D. started B. Surprisingly D. However C. one B. rose D. reduced C. by B. generously D. clearly B. love D. confidence D. in D. that D. before

假如你叫李华,是一位高中生。随着科技的发展,iPod 已成为中学生的新宠。用 iPod 既可听音乐、阅读纯文本电子书,又可玩电子游戏。请你用英语给某英语报社写一封信,谈 谈中学生使用 iPod 的情况。信的内容须包括以下几点: 1. 使用对学习的好处。 2. 对课堂纪律和学习可能产生的负面影响。 3. 提出自己的建议并说明理由。 注意:1. 开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数; 2. 词数 150 左右。 Dear Editor, I’m a senior high school student named Li Hua.__________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely,
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Li Hua

答案解析 Ⅰ. 1.When it comes to basketball, we think of Lin Shuhao. 2. She stood at the window watching the sunset. 3.Tired and hungry, he went to bed much earlier than before. 4. While I am willing to help, I do not have much time available. 5. It is time that we went to bed. Ⅱ. 1.【解析】选 C。考查动词辨析。句意:祝贺你的提升。这真是你应得的。deserve 值 得,应得,符合句意。preserve 保存, 保护, 维持;observe 观察, 遵守, 注意到;reserve 储备, 保留, 预约。 【变式备选】 ①The RealCine experience will amaze you, and you will agree that this is an

extraordinary technology that ______ to be developed further. A. deserves B. requires C. expects D. hopes

【解析】选 A。考查动词词义辨析。句意:RealCine 的体验会让你吃惊,你会赞成这是一项 值得被进一步发展的超乎寻常的技术。 deserve to do sth. 值得做某事, 符合句意。 require 需要;expect 期待,指望;hope 希望。 ②You’ve been working all morning—you ______ to get a rest. A. deserve C. reserve B. deliver D. serve

【解析】选 A。考查动词辨析。句意:你已经工作一上午了。你应该休息一下了。deserve 值得,应受;deliver 交付,发表;reserve 储备,保留,预约;serve 服务。根据句意可 知选 A。 2.【解析】选 A。考查形容词辨析。句意:留给我吧!这些天来我对自己和自己的能力更加 自信了。confident 自信的,确信的,符合句意。energetic 精力充沛的;generous 慷慨的, 大方的;curious 好奇的,均与题意不符。 3.【解析】选 B。考查名词性从句。句意:——自从我们最后一次见面已经三十年了。—— 但是信不信由你, 我仍然记得我们在一个雨夜迷路的经历。 that 引导的从句用来说明 story
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的具体内容,作 story 的同位语,that 在同位语从句中不作任何成分。 4.【解析】选 C。考查动词和动词短语辨析。句意:——你晚上把收音机开这么大音量你的 邻居们可能会起诉。——我知道。我从来都不对他们说的话感兴趣。charge sb. with sth. 指控某人某事;答语中题线前边定语从句的先行词 anything 作主语,谓语动词用单数,所 以答案为 C。A、D 两项中第一个空的用法应分别为:accuse sb. of sth. ;blame sb. for sth. 。 【变式备选】 The soldier was _______ of running away when the enemy attacked. A. scolded C. accused B. charged D. punished

【解析】 C。 选 考查动词辨析。 句意: 这名战士被指控在敌人进攻时逃跑。 accuse sb. of doing sth. 指控某人做某事,符合句意。scold sb. for sth. 因某事而责备某人;punish sb. for sth. 因某事而惩罚某人; 均不合题意。 charge 作“指控”时结构为: charge sb. with sth. 。 5.【解析】选 A。考查短语辨析。句意:这个电影院由于传统的设计而看上去很旧。实际上, 它仅仅在两个月前才完工。in reality 事实上,实际上;in turn 依次,轮流;in return 作为回报;in need 在危难中。根据句意可知答案选 A。 6.【解析】选 A。考查动词辨析。句意:为 2011 年西安国际园博会做了三年的准备之后, 西安正向全世界展示很多人认为的“绿色特别奥运”。present 展示,呈现,赠送;appeal 吸引,呼吁;introduce 引进,介绍;develop 发展。根据句意选 A。 7.【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。句意:网上购物既可以提供方便也可以提供选择,但是并 非所有的网站购物都足够安全。convenience 便利;fashion 时尚;quality 质量;shortcut 捷径。 8.【解析】选 A。考查动词辨析。句意:会议上,她才气横溢的报告给所有的人都留下了深 刻的印象。be impressed with 对??留下印象,符合句意。surprised 吃惊的;excited 兴奋的, 激动的;comforted 受到安慰的。 【变式备选】 After May Day, I wrote down whatever ______ me during the journey, especially the little girl who couldn’t go to school for being disabled. A. expressed C. impressed B. affected D. influenced
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【解析】选 C。考查动词辨析。句意:五一之后,我写下了旅行中给我留下深刻印象的一切, 尤其是那个因残疾而不能上学的小女孩。express 表达;affect 影响;impress 给人留下深 刻印象;influence 影响。 9.【解析】选 D。考查动词辨析。句意:当我想表达对他的谢意时,却不知要说什么。我只 是紧紧握住他的手,哽咽了。escape“逃跑,逃脱;消失,忘掉,被遗忘”,符合句意。 10.【解析】选 C。考查倒装结构。句意:——你觉得你的大学生活如何? ——很糟糕。 不仅可以享受的业余时间更少了, 我甚至觉得自己比以前更忙了。 only. . . not but (also). . . 连接两个并列分句,当 not only 位于句首时,其后的分句要用部分倒装, 但是 but (also)后的分句不用倒装,故答案选 C。 11.【解析】选 A。考查动词短语辨析。句意:——Mary,什么使得你如此高兴?——哦, 我刚刚遇见一位多年不见的老朋友。 come across 偶遇, 无意中发现; come in 进来; come out 出现,出版,结果是;come up 走近,发生,开始,发芽。根据句意选 A。 12.【解析】选 C。考查 as 的用法。句意:医生说,随着年龄的增长,人们需要有规律的锻 炼来避免腿部肌肉变小变弱。as 引导时间状语从句,表示主从句动作同时发生。 【知识拓展】when/ while/ as 引导时间状语从句时的区别 when 既可引导一个持续性动作, 也可引导一个 When the film ended, the 短暂性动作,可用来表示主句和从句动作同时 people went back. 发生或从句动作先于主句动作发生。 when 当 when 引导的时间状语从句为系表结构, 而且 As a young man(=When he was 其主语和主句的主语一致,其表语又是一个名 a young man), he was fond 词时,就可以用 as 引导的省略句来代替 when of hunting. 引导的从句。 从属连词 while 引导的动作必须是持续性的, while 侧重主句动作和从句动作相对比。 从属连词 as 可表示从句和主句的两个动作交 He hurried home, as 替进行或同时完成,可译为“一边??,(一 behind as he went. 边??)”或“随着??”。 如果主句表示短暂性动作,而从句用延续性动 注意 词的进行时态表示在一段时间内正在进行的动 walking down the street, When/ While/As I was looking others are working. Please don’t talk while

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作,此时 when,while 与 as 可互换使用。

I came across an old friend of mine.

13.【解析】选 C。考查非谓语动词作状语。将句子还原是:Comparing the difficulty he faced with others, 因为 compare 的宾语 the difficulty 有定语从句修饰,所以将其置 后。 14.【解析】选 B。考查动词短语辨析。句意:在会上,“他应该负责这项工程”的建议被 提了出来。come up 被提出,符合句意。put forward 和 come up with 都表示“提出”,但 用在此处均应该为被动形式;show up 出现,到场,不合题意,故选 B。 15.【解析】选 B。考查 upon doing 结构。句意:刚走到剧院门口,他就发现把票落在家里 了。upon doing sth. 意为“一??就??”,符合句意。 Ⅲ.【文章大意】一位被诊断为有言语障碍、诵读困难和听觉问题的少年敢于面对自己的困 难,最终成为社区的明星,被授予“优秀小市民”称号。那么,是什么促使他取得这一切的 呢? 1.【解析】选 D。考查连词。此句与前一句在逻辑上是转折关系。Russ 虽然是一个有多种交 流障碍的人,今天却当选为 Ocean 县“优秀小市民”,现在站在台上演讲。 2.【解析】选 B。考查名词。make an acceptance speech 意为“做领奖致辞,做受奖演讲”。 3.【解析】选 C。考查介词短语。Russ 当选优秀小市民是因为他卓越的志愿服务。 4.【解析】选 A。考查动词。我情不自禁地回忆过去一些难忘的时刻。以下的部分内容是作 者回忆的,故 A 项正确。 5.【解析】选 D。考查动词短语。face up to 意为“勇敢面对”。作者回想起 Russ 是一个 有爱心、有同情心和善良的人,他敢于面对自己的交流障碍。 6.【解析】选 B。考查情态动词。我想他现在在台上演讲,心跳一定很快。此处的 must 表 示推测,意为“一定”。 7.【解析】选 C。考查形容词。Russ 小时候被诊断为有言语障碍、诵读困难和听觉问题。现 在,29 岁的他被授予荣誉称号,他的家庭教师们知道后一定会感到很自豪(proud)。 8.【解析】选 C。考查名词。根据下文的 about fire safety 和 driving up in a fire truck 可知 Russ 义务做了 10 年的消防志愿者。 9.【解析】选 B。考查形容词。Russ 负责为无家可归者筹备服装、给学龄前儿童讲防火知识 等事情。

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10.【解析】选 A。考查动词。take sb. by surprise 为固定短语,意为“使某人吃惊”。 11.【解析】选 C。此空前的 touch on 意为“提及,谈及”,根据后面的 he died 可知他三 岁的侄子因为生病而夭折了,故此处用 loss。 12.【解析】选 D。考查连词。在那一刻,我不得不在泪流满面之前再一次闭上眼睛。 13.【解析】选 B。考查动词短语。当 Russ 将他的获奖归功于侄子 Austin 时,房间里所有 的人都立即沉默下来了。drop down 意为“落下”,fall over 意为“发生故障;被??绊 倒”,take off 意为“起飞;脱下;(产品等)突然受欢迎”,get up 意为“起床”。 14.【解析】选 A。考查动词。conclude his address 意为“结束他的演讲”。 15. 解析】 C。 【 选 考查副词。 我从未想到 Russ 会有今天这样的荣誉和成就。 事实上(actually), 没有人曾经会想到过 Russ 会成为足球队的明星??。 16.【解析】选 A。考查代词。make it 为固定短语,意为“成功;达到预定目标”。 17.【解析】选 B。考查动词。但是他一步步地上来了,最终成为社区一位真正的“明星”。 18.【解析】选 C。考查介词。Russ 通过(by)给予他人无私的服务而成了一个有坚强个性的 人。 19.【解析】选 D。考查副词。根据上文,Russ 现在知道了如何去爱,所以他做事有着清晰 的目标。 20.【解析】选 B。考查名词。此题属于原词复现。在 14 空后有 how to love。 Ⅳ.【参考范文】 Dear Editor, I’m a senior high school student named Li Hua. Now many students have iPods and think it’s a fashion to use them. Using an iPod, we can listen to music, download a lot of learning materials and read them on the screen. Apparently, it is helpful to our study, especially to our English listening. bring their iPods to the classroom and listen to music

Some students, however, with earphones,

which makes the teacher and other students greatly annoyed.

What’s worse, some of them even waste precious time in class playing video games. In my opinion, as a student, we should make good use of iPod to help achieve academic success. Classroom is a place for students to study, and therefore

concentration is awfully needed for us to learn our lessons. Furthermore, the school should make a rule to guide the students to use iPods in a proper way.
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Yours sincerely, Li Hua

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