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【备考2014】(江苏专用)2013版高中英语 素能提升演练(十) Unit1 Advertising 译林牛津版必修4

必修 4 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. Most of the families in this neighborhood are on _________ (福利). 2. The election __________ (活动,运动) concluded with a mass meeting. 3. He quoted some ______(格言) in this article. 4. When you have any problems you can ________ (商量) with an experienced colleague of yours. 5. If you’re not satisfied with this book, I can _________ (推荐) you another one. 6. The bad weather __________ (成倍增加) the danger of their exploration. 7. Everyone suspected Peter, but he turned out to be __________ (清白的). 8. We figure you would want to celebrate your ____________ (升职). 9. The work of an engineer requires _____________ (智力) plus experience. 10. Many old houses have been ________ (更新) with modern facilities. Ⅱ. 单项填空 1. However, we still must be ______ of the skilful methods used in ads to try and sell us things. A. aware B. innocent C. sure D. confident Unit 1

2. A clean environment can help the city bid for the Olympics, which in turn will _____ its economic development. A. achieve B. permit C. complete D. promote

3. [2012 启东模拟]Little Tom didn’t get _______ his composition test because he was not able to get ______ to the teacher what he meant. A. through; across C. across; through B. across; across D. through; through

4. [2012 黄冈模拟] Authorities face a tough task to persuade typhoon survivors ________ their flood-stricken villages and relocate(重新安置)to safer lands. A. to abandon C. abandoned B. abandon D. abandoning


5. The medicine eased his pain but did not ________ his illness. A. treat B. cure C. stop D. prevent

6. ________ some are aware of the tricks used in advertisements, there are still some others who are taken in by them. A. Unless B. Whether C. Once D. Though

7. — We want someone to

________ the new art museum for us.

— Shall the young fellow have a try? A. describe B. explore C. build D. design

8. [2012 盐城模拟]The cartoon “Pleasant Goat and Big Big Wolf” appeals so much to children A. that 9. _______ it caters well to their tastes. B. which C. because D. while

The film doesn’t _______ audience because the plot of love and marriage is

rather common nowadays. A. apply to C. intend to B. appeal to D. attach to

10. [2012 泉州模拟]The government urged that every effort _______ to bring down food prices. A. is made C. be made B. will be made D. must be made

11. [2012 嘉兴模拟]—I apologize for being so angry with you. I _____ to be so rude. —It doesn’t matter. A. don’t mean C. didn’t mean B. never mean D. had meant

12. Facing the financial crisis, the government has taken many measures related to people’s life to _____ it. A. deal with B. bring in C. fall for D. take in

13. [2012 南京模拟] Thailand’s worst flooding in half a century has affected a third of the country, and it is hard to ____ the losses. A. think out B. figure out

C. make out

D. count out

14. [2012 杭州模拟]The soldier raised his gun and calmly ______ it at the enemy commander, fired. A. aiming B. aimed C. to aim D. aim

15. _________ I went to Zhangjiajie, I was deeply impressed with its beautiful scenery. A. For the first time C. At first Ⅲ. 阅读理解 A study of the impact of 3D in the classroom has found that it improves test results by an average of 17%. Increasingly schools are using 3D projectors and learning resources to add a new dimension to learning. The research, conducted in seven schools across Europe, found that 3D-enabled B. It was the first time D. The first time

learning tools helped children concentrate more. It also led shy children to speak up in class discussions. Only a handful of schools in the UK use the technology, which requires a

3D-enabled projector as well as 3D glasses for all pupils and a set of bespoke(定 做的)learning resources. The study, conducted by researchers from the International Research Agency on assessed 740 students in schools across France, Turkey, the UK and Sweden. Students were tested

behalf of Texas Instruments, Germany, Italy, Netherlands,

before and after the lessons with a control group learning with traditional resources only. On average, 86% of pupils in 3D classrooms improved in test results, compared

to 52% of children using traditional teaching methods. It also found that attention levels rose sharply—with 92% of the class paying attention during 3D lessons compared to 46% in the traditional learning environment. “It grabbed children’s attention and this carried on beyond the 3D episode, it seemed to trigger an interest in learning that maintained through the rest of

the lesson, ” said Prof. Anne Bamford, who led the study. “The level of questioning also increased and teachers reported that the children asking questions were those that wouldn’t normally engage in class, ” she told the BBC. Researchers observed a series of biology lessons, in which children learned about the functions of the body. “Children can see how things function. Instead of learning about the heart statically(静态地) they can see it in a solid way, literally see blood passing through the valves, see exchange of oxygen, rotate it, tilt it and zoom in, ” said Prof. Bamford. 1. 3D-enabled learning tools have the following benefits EXCEPT that _____. A. they can help children concentrate more in class B. they can make shy children speak up in class discussions C. they can improve children’s test results D. they can make students have fewer questions to ask 2. In the study, students have to ______. A. learn in both 3D classrooms and traditional classrooms B. learn the lessons statically C. have a test before and after the lessons D. be chosen across the world 3. The underlined word “trigger” in the passage probably means _____. A. arouse B. share C. lose D. show

4. It can be inferred from the passage that ____. A. European and American students participated in the study B. 3D learning tools are positive for children C. 3D lessons have short effects on children’s memory D. every student concentrates on the lessons in 3D classrooms Ⅳ. 任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。

注意:每个空格只填一个单词。 [2012 苏州模拟] When we think about giving help to developing countries, we often think about giving money so that these countries can build schools and hospitals, buy food and medicine, or find clean water supplies. These seem to be the most important basic needs of the people we are trying to help. However, it’s far from enough. Ladies and gentlemen, we’ve got to come up with some better ideas to help them. I was very surprised, then, when I read about a plan to make cheap laptop computers for children in developing countries. A man called Nicholas Negroponte invented a cheap laptop computer, which can run without electricity. He decided to invent this computer after he visited a school in Cambodia. The laptop which Mr. Negroponte has designed is a little different from the normal laptop computers you can buy in the shops. One difference is that it will be covered in rubber so that it is very strong and won’t be damaged easily. As electricity supply can be a problem in developing countries, the computer also has a special handle so that children can wind(摇)the computer up to give it extra power when needed. These special laptop computers will cost less than 100 US dollars and Mr. Negroponte wants to build as many as 15 million machines in the first year of production. The idea is that these computers will help the children’s education as they will be able to access the Internet. These computers might not help the people in developing countries immediately, but by improving children’s education they should help people to find their own solutions to their problems in the long term. Another idea to help children in developing countries is to recycle old mobile phones so that they can be used again. In the UK, and, probably in many other countries too, millions of mobile phones are thrown away every year. The waste

created by throwing away these old phones is very bad for the environment, so it seems to be an excellent idea to recycle them. In this way we will be able to achieve two important goals at the same time. We will reduce the waste we produce and help others. In other words, we will be able to “kill two birds with one stone”, and

that is always a good thing. Title: Traditional way Some new and better ways to help developing countries Giving money to help them (1)________ the most important basic needs such as food and medicine. (2) _________ Making Reason cheap ·Being covered in rubber laptop Features computers ·Being able to (4)____ the Internet for (5)______ children ·To help (6)_____ children New ideas there (7)_____ old mobile phones We’ll reduce the waste; for reuse Goals to (9)_____ will help others. (10)_____, we Reason Purposes ·To help people solve problems Throwing away old mobile phones easily creates waste, which does (8)____ to the environment. Less than $100 ·Running without electricity His (3)____ to a school in Cambodia Nicholas Negroponte

答案解析 Ⅰ. 1. welfare 6. multiplied 2. campaign 7. innocent 3. mottos 8. promotion 4. consult 5. recommend 10. updated

9. intelligence

Ⅱ. 1.【解析】选 A。考查形容词辨析。句意:然而,我们仍然必须得明白广告中所使用的 那些努力要卖给我们东西的巧妙的方法。be aware of 意识到,明白,符合句意。innocent 清白的,无辜的,无罪的;sure 确信的,可靠的;confident 自信的,确信的;均不合题意。


2.【解析】选 D。考查动词辨析。句意:一个清洁的环境有助于城市的申奥,而奥运会反过 来也会促进这个城市的经济发展。 achieve 实现, 完成; permit 允许; complete 完成; promote 促进,提升,推动。根据句意可知答案选 D。 3.【解析】选 A。考查动词短语辨析。句意:小汤姆没有通过他的作文考试,因为他没能够 让老师明白他的意思。get through 通过,到达,做完,(用电话)接通;get across(使)被 理解,弄清楚。 【变式备选】 ①[2012 嘉兴模拟]—Did you make sense of what the man said just now? —No, his meaning didn’t _______ . Would you explain it to me? A. get through C. get across B. get off D. get out

【解析】选 C。考查动词短语辨析。句意:——你弄懂刚才那个人说的什么意思了吗?—— 没有,他没表达清楚。你给我解释一下好吗?get through 通过,到达,完成任务,(用电 话)接通;get off 下车;get across(使)被理解,弄清楚;get out 离开,出去,泄露,出 版。根据句意可知答案选 C。 ②There are lots of different ways to get your message _______ when you are putting together an ad campaign. A. away B. through C. over D. across

【解析】选 D。考查动词短语辨析。句意:当组织一场广告宣传活动时,有许多不同的方式 可用来传递讯息。get sth. across 意为“将??表达清楚;(使)被了解”,符合句意。 4.【解析】选 A。考查非谓语动词。句意:当局面临着艰巨的任务来说服台风幸存者放弃他 们遭受洪水侵袭的村庄,迁移到更安全的地方。persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事, 符合句意。 【变式备选】 I ______ my father _______ and he did so.

A. advised; to stop smoking B. tried to persuade; to give off smoking C. persuaded; to give up smoking D. suggested; to stop to smoke 【解析】选 C。考查表示“建议”的词语用法。根据句中的 he did so 可知,“劝说”成功

了,故用 persuade。persuade sb. to do sth. 意为“说服某人做某事”。 5.【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。句意:这种药物缓解了他的疼痛,但是并没有治愈他的病。 treat 治疗,强调过程;cure 治愈,强调结果;stop 阻止,停止;prevent 阻止。根据句意 可知答案选 B。 6.【解析】选 D。考查连词。句意:尽管一些人意识到了广告中所使用的花招,仍然有一些 人上当。unless 除非;whether 是否;once 一旦; though 虽然,尽管。根据句意可知答案 选 D。 【变式备选】 [2012 厦门模拟]Unreasonable ________, it turned out to be effective. A. though sounded the plan B. though the plan sounded C. the plan sounded though D. sounded the plan though 【解析】选 B。考查 though 的用法。句意:这个计划尽管听起来不合实际,结果却非常有 效。though 引导让步状语从句时可以用倒装结构,把表语、状语或动词提前,故答案选 B。 7.【解析】选 D。考查动词辨析。句意:——我们想找个人为我们设计新的美术馆。——那 个年轻人可以试试吗?describe 描述;explore 探索;build 建筑,建造;design 设计。 8.【解析】选 C。考查连词。句意:动画片《喜羊羊与灰太狼》非常吸引孩子们,因为它非 常符合孩子们的口味。because 引导原因状语从句,意为“由于,因为”。此题容易误选为 that,认为是 so. . . that. . . 句型。so. . . that. . . 引导结果状语从句,意为“如 此??以至于”,与句意不符。 9.【解析】选 B。考查动词短语辨析。句意:这部电影对观众没有吸引力,因为爱情和婚姻 的情节在现在很普遍。apply to 适用于;appeal to 对??有吸引力;intend to 打算做, 想要;attach to 附属,隶属,使依恋。根据句意可知答案选 B。 【变式备选】 [2012 合肥模拟]One of the collectors collected some seeds from a tree that had ________ him. A. interested in C. been attracted B. appealed to D. drew attention of

【解析】选 B。考查动词短语辨析。句意:一个收藏家从一棵树上收集了一些吸引他的种子。

interest sb. in sth. 使某人对??感兴趣;appeal to 对??有吸引力;attract “吸 引”,此处不应用被动形式;draw attention to 吸引??的注意力到??。 10. 【解析】选 C。 考查 urge 的用法。句意:政府强烈要求尽一切努力来降低食品价格。 urge 意为“强烈要求,极力主张”,后跟 that 引导的宾语从句时从句用虚拟语气,谓语动词为 should+动词原形,should 可以省略,故答案选 C。 11.【解析】选 C。考查 mean 的用法。mean to do sth. 打算做某事。根据句中的 I apologize 可知“打算”是过去时间的动作,故用一般过去时。had meant to do sth. 表示“本打算 做(而实际上没做)”,与题意不符。 12.【解析】选 A。考查动词短语辨析。句意:面对金融危机,政府已经采取了很多与人们 的生活相关的措施来应对危机。deal with 处理,应付,对付;bring in 引进,赚得;fall for 上??的当;take in 理解,欺骗。根据句意可知选 A。 13.【解析】选 B。考查动词短语辨析。句意:泰国半个世纪以来最严重的洪水泛滥已经影 响了国家三分之一的面积,很难算出损失有多大。think out 认真考虑;figure out 想出, 算出,理解;make out 辨别出;count out 不把??计算在内。根据句意可知答案选 B。 【变式备选】 They have ______ most carefully the time and money needed to complete the project. A. picked out C. figured out B. left out D. taken out

【解析】选 C。考查动词短语辨析。pick out 挑出,选出; leave out 漏掉;figure out 算出;take out 拿出,取出。根据句意“他们已经十分仔细地算出了完成工程所需要的时 间和金钱”,故应选 figure out。 14.【解析】选A。句意:士兵举起枪,冷静地瞄准敌军将领,开枪射击。本句中 raised 与 fired 是并列谓语,aiming 为现在分词作状语,表示伴随。 15.【解析】选 D。考查 time 的相关句型。句意:我第一次去张家界时,就对那儿漂亮的景 色印象非常深刻。the first time+从句,意为“第一次??的时候”,符合句意。for the first time“第一次,首次”,在句中作时间状语;It is/was the first time (that). . . 句型中,that 从句要用完成时态;at first 首先,最初。 【知识拓展】 time 句型知多少? (1)It’s time that sb. did/ should do sth. 到了某人做某事的时间了

It’s time that we paid/ should pay attention to the environmental protection. 我 们该注意环保问题了。 (2)the first time +从句 第一次??的时候

The first time I performed, I felt so nervous that I completely forgot my lines. 我第一次演出的时候非常紧张,结果把台词全忘光了。 (3)every/each time +从句 每次??的时候

Each time he failed the exam, his father encouraged him instead of scolding him. 每次他考试不及格,他父亲都鼓励他而不是责备他。 (4)by the time +从句 到??的时候

By the time he met her again, she had been married for ten years. 到他再次见到 她时,她已经结婚十年了。 By the time we graduate, the trees we plant will have grown taller than us.

到我们毕业时,我们种的树将长得比我们高了。 Ⅲ. 1.【解析】选 D。细节理解题。在 3D 课堂中,学生注意力更加集中,害羞的学生也敢 于在讨论中大声发表个人看法,这样,学生的成绩就提高了。A、B、C 项内容均可在文中找 到。D 项为“它们能使学生有更少的问题要问”,这是不对的。文中只是说 The level of questioning also increased. . . the children asking questions were those that wouldn’t normally engage in class,即在 3D 课堂中,学生的提问并没有变少。 2.【解析】选 C。细节理解题。研究中采用了实验组和对比组,这样两组可以比较,以便得 出相关数据,故 A 项不正确。这个研究是关于 3D 课堂对学生的影响的,所以学生在 3D 课堂 中,是不会静态地学习的,故 B 项不正确。文中说学生是来自欧洲的(The research, conducted in seven schools across Europe),所以 D 项错误。为了进行对比,在上课前 两组学生进行一次测试,上完课后再测试一次,这样比较之后就可得出相关数据了。这从文 中第六段最后一句(Students were tested before and after the lessons with a control group learning with traditional resources only. )可知。 3.【解析】选 A。词义猜测题。此句前半句提到 3D 课堂能抓住学生的注意力,且学生的注 意力在课后会持续,所以,此处的 trigger 意为“激发,引起”。 4.【解析】选 B。推理判断题。只有欧洲部分国家的学生参加了该项研究,故 A 项错误。根 据文中该项研究的负责人 Prof. Anne Bamford 所说的话可知 3D 课程与传统课程相比,对学 生的影响是长久的,故 C 项错误。文中提到,在 3D 课堂中,92%的学生注意力集中(with 92%

of the class paying attention during 3D lessons),故 D 项错误。根据文章开头四段我 们可知 3D 学习工具对儿童来说有着积极的影响。然后作者讲述了该研究的一些基本情况, 故 B 项正确。 Ⅳ.答案:1. meet/satisfy 6. educate 7. Recycling 2. Inventor 8. harm 3. visit 9. achieve 4. access 5. Cost/Price

10. meanwhile



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