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2014 年高考英语复习精典素材―― 历年高考完形填空常用词汇总结
动词类: 1“看” look 看的动作/ see 看的结果; watch 观察/observe 为了研究进行的 stare 好奇地看/ glare

观察; Notice 注意 catch sight of 看见/ 瞪着看 Glance 瞅见/glimpse 瞥见 2 “说” tel

ll sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 者之间的交流 Say sth 诉说的内容 see a film

watch TV

talk with sb about sth 强调说话 speak in English 说的语言

whisper sth to sb 耳语

Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 Bargain 讨价

reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 还价 chat 聊天 repeat 重复 explain 解释

warn 警告 remind

提醒 Discuss 讨论 debate 辩论 mention 提起

figure 指出 declare 宣布 claim 自称

admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布

introduce 介绍 complain 抱怨 3“叫” cry 哭叫 quarrel 大吵 4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 5“答” answer 回答 question 审问 call 叫 shout 大喊 scream 尖叫 moan 呻吟 sigh 叹气

respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复 hear 听的结果 pick up 收听 overhear 无意听到

6 “听” listen to 听的动作 7“写” dictate 听写

write sth 写 describe 描写

drop a line 写信 draw 画

take down/write down 写下,记下 8 “拿/放” take 拿走 bring 拿来 lift 举 hold 举着 carry 扛, (无方向性) fetch 挑 pull 拉/push 推 scratch 抠

拿来拿去 9“抓”

Put 放 lay 铺/放置 grasp 握住

take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓

10“打” hit 一次性的打击 blow 吹刮 attack 攻击 11“扔” throw 扔

beat 不间断的打击

strike 突然的击打/突然想到

drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake

摇 12“送” send 寄送 deliver 递送 give 给 offer 主动给予 see off 给某人送行 in one’s arms

13 摸/抱”touch 摸 /fold 折叠 “

/embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握

14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 crawl 匍匐前进 take a seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean

move 搬迁 drive 开车 ride 骑 fly 16“坐” 斜靠 sit down be seated seat oneself

17 “睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach a rest rest take a nap 打盹 be asleep

stay in bed


bend turn over 翻身

18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing 19“哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep 呜咽地哭 sob 抽泣 burst into tears

/burst out crying 20“找/查” find 找到 look for 正在找过程 现/探索 hunt for search for Search sb 搜身 Check 检查,核实 inspect 视察 21“穿” put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 seek / seek for in search of 寻找 find out 查明 discover/explore 发

search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测,检验

make-up 化装 get changed 换衣服 22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮吸 be in red have a meal Take off 脱 remove 去除

have supper toast taste

treat sb to 请某人吃 23“得” 24“失” get obtain

help oneself to 随便吃 gain possess gone 不见(物)

acquire 获得知识和技能

lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪,不见 great loss die die off 相继死去

die away 逐渐消失 occupy 占有=possess



own 是自己的

conquer 征服

26“无” nothing left 27“增/减” 人主动抬价

the remaining thing


be missing /gone

rise / go up /drop raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease pay off pay for sell on sale

28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay bargain Bill / cheque / cash/

credit card

notes/ coins discounts live show turn up

29“存在/消失”come into being exist Disappear die 30 “变化” develop die out

appear survive

pass away be out of sight grow go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without reform

improve become

( negative adj.) turn + colour change /change into 31“认识的过程”feel realize Understand to 32“成功/失败”make it succeed dream win Lose Into reality 33“努力” try /manage make efforts can to do 34 祝贺 congratulations on sb attempt fail to do failure defeat make progress come true remember be familiar with recall sense guess suppose wonder doubt

know /learn



realize one’s

suffer loss beat turn sth.

do ones best do as much as one

celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会 blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame have a low opinion of sb Speak ill

35 赞美/批评 praise think highly of / criticize /scold sb. for sth. of 36 喜/恶 like love be fond of

be keen on be crazy about adore be into Dislike hate be awful/disgusting

prefer enjoy in favor of ignore turn off 37 判断 think

believe consider find feel reach return to get to

conclude infer doubt stay in sp visit leave

38 到达 arrive at leave for

on one’s way to 39 受伤 hurt injured from suffer a loss

upon one’s arrival wound cut kill

on doing sth drown bleed get burnt suffer

40 损坏 damage destroy ruin 41 修复 repair rebuild

break down

be broken


restore fix

recover oneself refuse turn down

42 支持/反对 agree disagree accept receive be against 43 做饭 cook wash elect cut vote for/ against

chop boil cooker

fry steam

make mix


brush cover uncover

44 建议 advise suggest recommend persuade 说服 45 花费 sth sth/doing sth+cost


propose demand

sb+spend+ in doing sth

Sb+afford +n/to do

It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth one’s expense 46 省/存钱 47 参加 save /save up set aside put join /join in charge sb. With away attend

sb+ pay+$ for sth.


spare no effort/ time compete in/ for/against

take part in

48 控告 accuse sb. of 49 救治 help /help out sth

save /rescue sb from sth. Treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. Of

Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth 50 敬佩 admire respect of 51 逃避 ran away escape from

help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth adore envy /be jealousy in honor

show respect for/to


hide forbid doing sth. Ban

52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth prohibit

53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth 54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn

solve settle

54 爆发/发生

come about happen to take place break out burst out go off explosion

55 安装/装备



set equip be equipped with 装备有 chase catch up with 赶上 keep up with

be armed with 用什么武装 56 追求 pursuit 跟上 ran after seek after

57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 think over 仔细考虑 sb. 58 打算 be concerned 担心

consider towards

be considerate

plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do seem appear look like as if start set up as though end close down

59 似乎/好象

60 开办/关闭 open 名词类“

close/close up

1 假期 vacation holiday spring break days off

ask for leave be on holiday have two

2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger camping/picnicking/hiking


3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher Conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard kitchen menu bill order tip fork and fruit

4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant knife reserve /book table tray napkin

Taste delicious

salad dash vegetables

5 诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature a fever/flu/headache doctor physician patient 6 车站/机场 airport on board

take medicine/pills have surgeon specialist

miss the train/bus catch a train

meet sb.

7 身体部位 arm head 8 意志

hair brain


back shoulder pulse confidence


will courage patience determination faith effort

ambition energy 9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid

careful proud Strict honest 10 优缺点 advantage 11 目标 aim goal cold serious easy-going learned weakness knowledgeable

disadvantage strength intention

purpose belief faith

12 方式 means method way manner approach 13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill weight 14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart 划草图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction newspaper journal 日志 diary 日记 Files article magazine make a list of draw a sketch be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on


16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks

17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony 18 建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommandation

19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to regular 有规律的(形容词) practice 惯 ride a bike

例(名词) 22 感觉 23 情感 sight hearing touch smell anger sense sadness sorrow be

feeling emotion


24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond rich/well-off

25 运动比赛 on the playground match sports player play volleyball/soccer/ 26 衣服

on the track and filed Coach




judge jogging


clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of

27 事件 形容词类

incident, accident

incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故

1 人的各种感受 乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused bitter peaceful

悲 sad unhappy painful

平静 calm quiet silent/still 烦 bother bored 震惊 surprised

be fed up with astonished shocked /amazed

怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid 失望 desperate disappointed 满意 be satisfied 生气 Annoyed hopeless be depressed

with /be content to do angry disgusting burst into rage

2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ Nearly/ almost hardly/ hard extremely/ very far / by far however/ therefore/so/thus very/ quite

Accidently/ once in a while Farther/ further …. 易考的近义词组 Run/ manage Hit/ beat/strike

occasionaly/ once

better/ worse be well/ good

grow/ plant meet/ satisfy

leave/remain touch /feel

fit/ suit/ match play /performer

Contain/ hold /seat/ fill Fall/ sink/ drop Cause/ reason Last/ continue


help/work/ do money/ account because/ since,as/ for separate/ divide

matter/ problem /trouble/ that’s why/ that’s because keep/ stay/

treat/ cure/ operate

Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold

turn/become/go change/vary/range

Provide/supply/offer/ give/send



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