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2015高考英语作文写作技巧和训练


高考英语写作高分秘诀 近几年来全国英语高考试卷中的写作题目主要是:记人、叙事、写信、通知或看图作文等。大多为记 叙文、议论文和应用文。高考英语写作是高考试题中对考生来说相对比较难的一题,高考英语写作主要 考查考生综合运用语言的能力。这主要要求考生根据所给的情景和要求写一篇书面材料,但是,它并不 是要求考生按照试题里的“提示”进行逐句翻译,而是要求考生在充分领会“提示”的前提下,用

自己的语言 写成一篇内容充实、语言正确、句子连贯、用词贴切的作文。在写作时,考生应注意以下几点: (1)写记叙文时要有时间、地点、人物、事件、原因和结果六要素,写作的时候要明白清楚地写出来。 写人物时,要注意介绍人物的身世、经历和事迹等。叙事时要描写事情发生的经过与发展的结果,写清 楚事情发生的前因后果等。 (2)写议论文时要求考生就某一方面的问题通过摆事实、讲道理的方式来阐述自己的看法。议论文应 由论点、论据、论证三部分构成。 (3)高考英语应用文主要以写信为主。写英文书信要注意它们的书写格式,格式一定要正确。英文书 信主要由 6 个部分组成,即:信头、信内地址、称呼、正文、结束语、签字。信的正文和写文章一样, 要分段落写,每一段要有一个中心思想。在写作中,首先,要根据试题里的“提示”确定一个写作中心,再 根据这个中心,列出写作提纲,提纲一定要包含所提供的情景要点,同时要尽量使用自己熟悉的词汇与 句型。然后,用自己熟悉的词汇与句型扩展成篇。自己不熟悉的词汇与句型能换则换,一定不要用,以 免用错扣分。扩展的内容一定要紧扣主题。千万不要写那些与主题无关的内容。扩展时要注意短文的字 数,要写够 100 个词语,以避免由于字数不够引起的扣分。也不要扩展得太多,字数达到要求既可,以 免浪费时间或出现更多的错误而扣分。 那么,在最后的冲刺时间里,不管是什么类型的文章,在具体的写作过程中,我们均可以按如下四 大步骤进行强化训练,从而提高写作技巧,解决问题: 步骤一:认真审题立意,确定写作中心。找出根据这个中心能够扩展的材料有哪些,要避免那些与 中心内容无关的细节。 以命题作文“The Classmate I Admire Most”为例,文章的主题是关于记叙我最欣赏的一位同学,因而 就不能泛泛谈论这位同学的家庭关系、社会背景等,而要紧紧抓住这位同学身上能够吸引你的地方展开 去。 步骤二:围绕中心,列出写作提纲。提纲一定要包含所提供的情景、要点,同时尽量使用自己熟悉 的词汇与句型。仍以“The Classmate I Admire Most”为例,提纲可以这样写: ① Who is the Classmate I admire most? ② My reasons. (Some Examples) ③ What can I learn from the classmate。 步骤三,根据字数要求,扩展成篇。有几个可以遵循的规律,供大家参考: 1、在整篇文章中,努力避免只是用一、两个句式。要灵活运用各种句式。如倒装句、强调句、省略 句、主从复合句、对比句、分词短语、介词短语等。 2、使用不同长度的句子,通过分句和合句,增强句子地连贯性和表现力。 3、改变句子的开头方式,不要一味以主、谓、宾、状的次序,可以把状语置于句首,或用分词等。 4、学会使用关联词。如: ① 递进关系: furthermore; moreover; further; In this way ;still; not only...but also...; not...but...; in addition (to);etc。 ② 转折关系:but; even so; however; though; even though; etc。 ③ 归纳总结类:in other words; on the whole; in sum; therefore; hence; in short; to sum up; in conclusion; in summary; etc。 ④ 强调关系:in fact; especially; particularly; moreover; naturally; what is more important; in reality; indeed; in particular; etc。 ⑤ 对照(不同点):yet; still; for all of that; notwithstanding; rather; neither ... nor; although; though; but; however; etc。 ⑥ 并列关系: and; also; as well as; either...,or...;both...and... etc。
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⑦ 先后次序关系:at this time; first; second; at last; previously; simultaneously; last but not least; to begin with; etc。 ⑧ 结果关系:accordingly; thus; consequently; thereupon; etc。 ⑨ 顺序关系: at the outset,following this; at this time; etc。 ⑩ 重申关系:in other words; that is to say; as I have said; etc。 5、尽量避免重复使用同一单词或词组。 步骤四、利用最后的时间做“机械性”写作练习,强化记忆。例如:常用的应用文如通知、书信等都 有其固定的格式及写作技巧,读懂具体内容,然后把内容套进特定的格式中去,就是一篇条理清楚的书 面表达了。比方说:通知要掌握: ①通知的对象、地点、时间及要做的事情; ②要注意的事项; ③写上“Don’t be late”或“Be on time”(口头通知前还要写上 Boys and girls 或 Ladies and gentlemen, may I have your attention, please?等一类句子)。 例如: Class 1 and Class 2 are going to plant trees on Western Hills. We’ll take a bus to go there. Please bring lunch and water with you. Remember to wear old clothes as we’ll do a lot of hard work. We’ll meet in front of the school gate at nine o’clock. Don’t be late。 高考英语书面表达练习 1.上海世博会 2009 年 5 月 1 日世博会志愿者招募仪式正式启动,志愿者是办好世博会的一支重要的工作力量。另 外,志愿者或做家教,教小孩子阅读、算术,或打扫公园与街道,或到医院或疗养院帮忙。你愿意做志 愿者吗?请陈述理由写一篇 100 字左右的短文。 I would like to be a volunteer in my spare time. My reasons are as follows: First of all, it is a good virtue to help others, even in modern society. We all need others’ help in case we get into trouble. Secondly, we are able to better ourselves by helping others because we gain valuable experience and build up our confidence while serving others. What’s more, volunteering makes us feel better about ourselves, thus making our life more enjoyable. More importantly, we can make the world a better place to live in by volunteering to improve it. In summary, volunteering can make a difference to our life, so I think it is very rewarding to be a volunteer. 2.拯救地球 处理城市垃圾是一个非常重要的问题。首先,垃圾会导致污染。它会污染空气、水和人们居住的场 所。其次,它会危害人类健康。 所以我们在城市中,垃圾得到了妥善处理。我们首先将垃圾分类,然后可将旧报纸和玻璃制品进行 再生利用。有害的废物要被掩埋,污水要在净化后才排入河流。政府已经制定了规章,禁止垃圾污染。 仅仅这些还不够。我们大家必须竭尽全力防止拉圾污染环境以及拯救我们的城市,拯救我们的家园。 Saving Our Earth It is very important to deal with the rubbish in cities. For one thing, rubbish may cause a lot of pollution. It may pollute the air, the water and the places we live in. For another, it may do harm to people's health. So in our city, rubbish is well dealt with. First, it is sorted. Then old newspapers and glass are recycled. The harmful wastes are buried and the waste water is cleaned before it goes into the river. The government has already made laws against pollution caused by rubbish. But that's not enough. We must all try our best to prevent rubbish from polluting the environment so as to save our city and our living place. 3.防治甲流 最近这几个月里,H1N1 病毒在全世界引发起来。如果我们用正确的方法预防它,它就不会那么可怕。 这里有一些为你的建议:首先,当你在咳嗽或者打喷嚏的时候,你应该用手捂着嘴。然后你最好尽可能
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的离公共场所远一点,如果你必须去,请戴上口罩。饭前仔细洗手,经常打开窗后这样使空气保持清新。 最后你应该做更多的运动去使你身体更强壮,这样你就可以保持健康了。我认为这才是最重要的。 Let's prevent H1N1 from happening to us.During the last few months,H1N1 has set off across the whole world.If we have the right way to prevent it ,it won't be scary.Here are some suggestions for you:First of all,you should cover your mouth with a napkin or hand when you cough or sneeze,Next you'd better stay away from the public place if possible, if you have to,please wear a mask.Wash your hands carefully before meals and always keep your windows open so that the air will be fresh.At last,try to do more excisice to make your body strong so that you can stay in health.I think this is the most important. 4.书信 在紧张的高三备考阶段,英语老师为了提高复习效率,广泛征求学生意见。 假如你叫张华,请根据以下提 示,给英语老师写封信,表达你们的需求和建议。 ●适当放慢进度,留出思考时间 ●反复训练重要、易错知识点 ●指导方法 ●减少作业量以保证质量 ●给予更多鼓励 注意:1.根据以上内容写一篇短文,不要逐句翻译,可适当增加细节以使行文连贯。 2.要准确使用语法和词汇;使用一定的句型、词汇,清楚、连贯地表达自己的意思; 3. 词数:100 个左右。开头已给出,不计词数。 Dear Mr. Wang, We’re so pleased that you are willing to share our views. In the course of the general revision, what we need is solid foundation. As you know, we didn’t learn well enough in the first two years, so please slow down and make sure we have really mastered something. Besides, we need a little more time to think for ourselves. As for those important points that also make us confused, would you please give us more practice in case we forget? Meanwhile, we need your instruction, for example, in how to write in natural English. I still have another request: assign us less homework in order that we can do it more efficiently. By the way, we often feel frustrated, which has a very bad effect on our study. We would appreciate it if you would give us some encouragement from time to time. 5.近来,越来越多的学生在校外租房而不愿住大寝室。请根据下面提示,一分为二地用英语写一篇短文, 说说两者各自的好处与坏处,并表明自己的观点。 1. 学习时间; 2. 安全; 3. 自由性; 4. 与同学交往; 5. 学习效果。 注意:可从其他角度阐述,但两方面的理由都至少要有两条;词数 100 左右。 Nowadays, some students would not like to live in a dorm. Instead, they rent houses outside the school. There are advantages for both. Living in a dorm can increase friendship and cooperation between classmates. And of course it is safer. A dorm is more like a society, wich enables students to learn to adapt to each other, thus preparing for the social life later. As for renting houses to live alone, it’s better for study as you can feel free in your own room without being interrupted by others. As a result, you can have more time and devote yourself to studying whole-heartedly. But there may appear some safety problems as you live outside the school. Anyhow, as a student, I prefer living in a dorm. 6.请根据下列中文提示,用英语向来访的贵宾介绍你校新建的网络学校。 (1. )使教和学更方便,更有趣,能在课堂上获取更多的信息,学到更多知识。 (2. )向师生开放,可向世界各地发送电子邮件,获取信息,等等。 (3. )只要家中有电脑,任何人都可以学习本校课程。 (4. )有助于改善学校的管理,满足现代化教育的需要。 (5. )作为重点学校(key school) ,对于其他的新建中学起示范和帮助作用。 注意: 1.短文须包含上面提示,可以适当增减内容使文章连贯。 2.词数:120 左右。 Ladies and gentlemen,
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Welcome to our school. Now I would like to introduce our net-school. Our net-school is very helpful in many ways. First, it makes both teaching and learning easier and more interesting. Students can get more knowledge in class. Whoever has a computer can have the lesson we give at home. Second, we can make good use of the Internet, sending e-mails, searching for any information we need, etc. Third, the net also helps improve our school management and meet the needs of modern education. Fourth, as a key school in our city, it sets a good example to the newly-built schools and may be of some help to them. That’s all. Thank you. 7.最近,你校试行在课间播放音乐,同学们对此私下议论,看法不一。请你根据表格中所提供的信息,给 你的班主任 Mr. Brown 写封信,客观地介绍大家的看法。 大多数同学赞同,部分同学反对。 注意:词数 100-120 左右 赞同者: 反对者: 原因 播放音乐能活跃气氛。 课间时间太短,播放音乐达不到预期效果。 能使大脑得到放松,减轻学习的疲劳。 课间需要的是安静,而不是嘈杂的声音。 能给大家带来欢乐和美的享受。 有时上课后还沉浸在课间听的音乐中。 Most of us agree that music should be played. As we know, music can produce a lively and happy atmosphere. Besides, music provides us with relaxation after hard study, which reduces the tiredness. Listening to music also makes us feel happy. On the other hand, some students have the opposite view. They don't think they can get the expected results by listening to music, as the break between classes is short. What's needed during the break is peace instead of the noise produced by the music. Besides, in class some students are still lost in the music they have just heard. 8.Respecting Our Parents 现在,很多学生迫于升学就业的压力,把自己的烦恼都宣泄在父母身上,对父母不是很尊敬,甚至和 父母争吵动手。针对这种现象,写信给某报编辑,请提出一些具体的建议,让同学们树立尊敬长辈的意 识,发扬中华民族的传统美德。 Dear editor, Nowadays, there exists an increasingly severe phenomenon that teenagers don’t show respect to their parents. As we can read in newspaper or watch in TV, some teenagers quarrel with parents, some talk back and some even resort to violence. As to this problem, I’d like to offer several proposals as follows. Initially(First), we should realize that it’s our parents who give us lives. Without parents, we can not live in this world. Therefore, the importance of respecting our parents can not be too overemphasized. What’s more, it goes without saying that we have to remember the birth day of our parents, when we can express our gratitude to them. None the less(Meanwhile), respecting our parents should be done from every detail. Just as a proverb goes, “Piety is above all.” (百善孝为先) To sum up, respecting parents is our traditional virtue in China. No matter how old we are, it’s a priority to respect our parents. 9..Knowledge is Power (观点阐释型) 因为经济危机和大学连年扩招的影响,大学生就业形势越来越严峻,让很多人产生了错误的意识,觉 得读书无用,受教育无用。针对知识就是力量这句话,结合实例来谈谈对它的体会和感受。首先,写出 这句话的寓意,和启示。然后,结合具体的事例,阐释为什么知识就是力量。最后,我们作为青年人应 该怎么去实践这句话。 There goes a famous proverb, “Knowledge is power.” We can be informed a great deal from it. Without knowledge, by no means can we achieve our life goal. Knowledge is like the wind in the ocean, which helps usthe boats move swifter towards the right direction. As is frequently heard, “Knowledge can change one's fate.” My brother-in-law is an exact explanation for this sentence. He was born in a remote countryside in Sichuan, whose parents are both farmers. With his great
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efforts, he was enrolled in Peking University and became an excellent doctor in a prestigious(有声望的) hospital after graduation. Whenever talking about his experience, he always tells us “knowledge did change his fate.” Taking the above mentioned into consideration,I suppose it is a wise option to concentrate on study from now on. Believing the power of knowledge, we can create miracles not only for us but for our nation. 10.上周日你在你们社区进行了一次社会调查 ,其主题内容是 "你最关注的学生安全问题是什么 ".调查结果 如下表所示.请你根据自己所了解的身边的信息,并结合以下要点提示,写一篇英语短文.词数要求 150 单词 左右,可适当发挥. 调查人数比例 关注内容 你的感想和希望 30% 学生饮食安全, 生活卫生习惯 40% 交通安全, 遵守交通法规情况 30% 公共安全, 参加集体活动 安全防范意识 Last Sunday , I organized a survey in my neighbourhood, whose topic is "Which safety problem is the one you are most concerned about " .And the results are as follows: 30% of the people in the neighbourhood are most concerned about the diet safety problem of students .And they hope that students should acquire good living habits to avoid the problems.There are also 40% of the people choosing traffic safety as the top one.In their opinion , students should put it in the first place that they must follow the traffic rules strictly .Beisides, 30% of the people regard it as the most important one that students should learn to keep safe in public places while taking part in activities. I think ,as students we must strenthen our sense of safety and learn common knowledge of safety. 11.目前,越来越多的中学生利用周末上各种各样的培训班或请家教.对于这一现象,存在两种不同观点: 有些人认为有必要 另一些人认为没有必要, 有老师辅导比自己学好 容易养成依赖习惯 有更多机会和老师互动 学生需要时间休息和娱乐 可以弥补上课错过或没听懂的东西 导致有的学生在常规课堂上不认真听讲 请您根据以上提示,以 Are Training Classes or tutors Necessary 为题,写一篇 150 词左右的短文,反映表中 内容,并简要阐述自己的观点.文章开头已给出,不计入总字数. 参考词汇:家庭教师:tutor 要求:层次清晰,连贯流畅;表达灵活,不要逐字逐句翻译. Some think it necessary to do so. Firstly, it's more effective to study with a teacher's help than by themselves. Secondly, you can have more chances to communicate with teachers(there are more interaction between students and teachers.) . Besides, you can make up for what you miss or fail to understand in classes on weekdays. Others think it unnecessary. For one thing, students can easily form the habit of dependence. For another, students need time for rest and recreation at weekend. What's worse, attending training classes or hiring tutors even causes some students not to listen attentively in their regular classes. In my opinion, whether a training class or tutor is needed just depends. If you are really very weak at or interested in a certain subject, maybe it's OK for you. But be sure to choose a good and suitable class or teacher, otherwise it would be a waste of time and money. 12.近两年,内地主持人用语一直存在港台化倾向的问题,而且大有泛滥之势.某英文杂志社拟对此现象向中 学生征文,标题是"What's cool may not be correct".请根据下列提示用英语写一篇征文稿.内容要点如下: 1.优点 2.缺点 贴近观众,青少年朋友喜欢,收视率高 不利于传播先进文化,民族美德和维护国家利益, 很多青少年会盲目模仿 3.你的观点 注意:1 词数:150 左右. 2.参考词汇:1)模仿 affect (v.)2)港台腔 Hong Kong or Taiwanese slang and accents 3) 普通话 standard Mandarin Chinese What's cool may not be correct Nowadays some hosts and hostesses of mainland are fond of affecting(using)Hong Kong or Taiwanese speech. Though it's cool, I don't think it is a good trend.
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To millions of Chinese, Hong Kong and Taiwanese speech has come to mean being cool. So these programmes are very popular among the viewers. Thus the radio and TV stations can get much profit from the advertisements. But we must admit that hosts and hostesses have a responsibility to spread advanced culture and national virtue and to safeguard the country's interests. Many teenagers can't tell good from bad, they will follow this way of speaking Chinese. And this is against our government's aim to promote standard Mandarin Chinese. Masters of ceremony should always use standard Mandarin Chinese and should stop affecting Hong Kong or Taiwanese slang and accents. 13..假如你是某中学学生李华。最近,你班同学正在参加 21 世纪英文报“大家谈”栏目的一个讨论。本次话 题为:“父母有没有必要陪读?” 请你根据下表所列情况给报社写一封信,客观地介绍讨论的情况。 70%的同学认为: 1. 父母不应该陪读 2. 父母陪读让我们养成依赖的习惯,不 利于我们将来自控能力的培养,不利于我 们培养良好的学习习惯。 3. 父母陪读影响了他们的工作、学习和 休息。 30%的同学认为: 1. 父母应该陪读 2. 父母陪读能使我们腾出更多的专心学习, 使我们身体更健康。 3. 父母陪读能帮助我们确立学习目标, 督促 我们完成学习任务,鼓励我们独立解决困难, 培养我们养成良好的学习习惯。

注意:1.信的形式已经为你写好。 2.词数 100 左右。 3.参考词汇:陪读 accompany sb. studying at school 督促 urge Dear editor, Recently our class have had a heated discussion on whether students should be accompanied by parents studying at school. Opinions are divided on the topic. 70% of my classmates hold the view that there is no need for parents to do so. For one thing, we may fall into the habit of dependence, which will have a negative effect on the development of our self-control ability. For another, it will affect our parents’ work, study and rest. However, 30% of us are in favor of it. In their opinion, with parents accompanying us, we can spare more time to concentrate on our study and we will become more healthy. Furthermore, parents can help set our study goal and urge us to complete our study tasks. Also we can overcome difficulties on our own. with their encouragement and develop a good habit of studying. Best wishes. 14.前不久,相关部门针对黄金周的去留问题,在网上征集意见。下面是一个对 10,000 个网民所作的调 查。请你把调查的结果用英语写成短文,并谈谈自己的看法(不得少于两点) ,发表在学校的报刊上。 观点 赞成长假期(45%) 原因 假期集中,方便出外旅游,尽情放松;更多时间与家人一 起。 容易造成交通阻塞,甚至交通事故;人流量大,对景点保 护不利;各项服务质量下降。

取消长假期(55%)

注意:1 对所给要点,不要简单翻译,要有适当发挥; 2 字数 150。短文中开头已写好,不计入词数。 3 参考词汇:网民—Netizen Not long ago, opinions were collected on line about whether “Golden Week” should be kept or adjusted.Ten thousand Netizens took part in this investigation. Here are the results. 45% of the surveyed people hope to keep “Golden Week”. They think a long holiday can not only provide
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them with adequate time for a trip but also make them feel relaxed and refreshed completely. What’s more, with a long holiday, they have more fun staying with the family. However, 55% of the people think “Golden Week” should be canceled. They indicate that during the long holiday, there are more traffic jams and even traffic accidents. In addition, the crowded people gathering in some famous places has caused damage to the relics and led to poor service quality. 15.下表是对某中学高三(1)班 50 个学生健康问题的调查表。请根据表格内容,综述学生当前存在的健 康问题,并就中学生如何保持身心健康提出自己的建议。 问题类型 人数 比例 学习焦虑 35 70% 逆反心理 20 40% 缺乏交往 15 30% 睡眠不足 40 80% 缺乏锻炼 25 50% 视力不佳 35 70%

要求: 1.词数 150 左右 2.可根据内容要点适当增加细节,使行文连贯 As is apparently shown in the chart above, many middle school students have problems both physically and mentally, with 70% of the students having learning anxiety as well as poor eyesight, and a larger percentage lacking sleep. Coming next is the lack of physical exercise. 40% of the students surveyed won’t obey their parents or teachers.In addition, Still fewer claim not to have enough communication with others. As far as I am concerned, we students should balance our physical exercise and studies. Just as a saying goes: “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,” without a sound body, one cannot achieve anything. However, too much attention has been paid only to studies. Therefore, I suggest we be given less homework and more time for out-of-classroom activities to solve all the problems. Only in this way can we lead a happy and healthy life. 16.作为高三学生,你班同学在讨论“毕业班学生可否把课本留给下一届同学循环使用”时提出了不同的看 法。请根据下表所给的提示写一篇英语短文,并谈谈你的观点。 不同意见 理 由 一些同学赞成 1.可节省资源,节约开支 2.一些西方国家经常这样做 另一些同学反对 1.教材内容经常更新 2.很多同学在书上作了笔记

要求:1.词数 150 左右, 2.可根据内容要点适当增加细节,使行文连贯, 3.参考词汇:循环使用 recycle(vt.) 开支 expense(n.) As high school graduates, our class have had a discussion about whether we should recycle the textbooks. Some students agree to this suggestion. They point out that recycling textbooks can save a lot of natural resources used to make textbooks and save lots of expense. Besides, they mention that recycling textbooks is very common in some western countries. But other students express their opposite ideas. They emphasize that the contents of the textbooks are often renewed. What's more, various kinds of notes have been made in their textbooks. In my opinion, it is a wonderful idea because it will not only save much money but also do a lot of good to both the government and students' families. 17)人们完成工作的方式通常有两种: 独立完成和合作完成。两种方式各有特点。请你以此为话题,按照 以下要点写一篇英语短文: 1. 独立完成:自行安排、自己解决问题。 2. 合作完成:一起讨论、相互学习。 3. 我喜欢的方式和理由。 注意:词数 120 左右,文章的题目和开头已给出(不记入总词数) Working Individually or Working in a team There are basically two ways to get work done. One is to work individually. In this way, people can decide for themselves when to start work and how to do it. What’s more, they will be able to learn how to solve
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problems on their own and how to think independently. People may also choose to work in a team, where they can learn from each other and help each other. Besides, they may work out better ways to get work done by discussion. They can truly learn the skills of cooperation and how to get through the ideas to their mates. Personally, I prefer to work in a team, which offers me a chance to learn how to get along with others and to share my experiences with them. As the work can be divided among several people, it can be done efficiently. 18.刘翔王者归来 刘翔, 作为前奥运会 110 米栏冠军,世界纪录保持者,因伤退赛留下遗憾,尽管如此,刘翔克服重重 压力,重新复出,夺得 2010 年全运会冠军。请根据下面的介绍写一篇短文。 明星档案 姓名:Liu Xiang 生日:1983.7.13 出生地:上海 项目:the men’s 110 meters hurdles 辉煌战绩: 2004 年以 12 秒 91 的成绩 110 米栏奥运夺得冠军,成为中国第一人。 2006 年,在 the super grand prix meeting in Lausanne 中以 12 秒 88 打破世界纪录。 精神: 拼搏; 坚定的信念; 。 One possible version Liu Xiang, born on July 13, 1983 in Shanghai, is a well-known athlete in track and field in China. Liu Xiang won the men’s 110 meters hurdle final and got gold medal in the Athens 2004 Olympic Games in August, 2004. Therefore, he became the first Chinese man to win an Olympic track and field title. He set a world record of 12.88 seconds in the men’s 110 meters hurdles at a super grand prix meeting in Lausanne, Switzerland in 2006. Liu Xiang has returned as a king and got the champion of national spots meeting in 2009, October. He overcame the pressure and the pain of be hurt. His determined spirit helps him stand again. It is not easy to have it. To do this, we must establish a firm faith in our actions and be ready to devote ourselves to them. Around us, there are quite a few people with this intense determination and spirit and Liu Xiang sets a good example for us to follow. 19. 当今我国大学生就业成功率很低, 除了全球性的金融危机影响外, 还有就是大学生对工作的选择。 有的人认为应该优先选择自己喜欢的工作,而不是自己擅长的;另一部分人相反。你班学生就此事进行 讨论,请客观地介绍情况并谈谈你的看法。 观点 一部分人 另一部分 你 喜欢比擅长重要。 擅长比喜欢重要。 …… 理由 兴趣是最好的老师,精通与擅长的可能性会大大 增加等。 擅长更容易成功,后天努力培养兴趣。 ……

注意:1. 短文须包括所有要点, 可适度发挥。 2. 开头已为你写好, 但不计人总词数。 3. 词数:120 左右。 Recently the students in our class have discussed the following topic: which is more important for college graduates to choose jobs, being interested in it or being good at it? One possible version Recently the students in our class have discussed the following topic: which is more important for college graduates to choose jobs, being interested in it or being good at it? Some agree that the love of job is very important because interest is the best teacher. People are often
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willing to do what they like doing. If you are not good at it in the beginning, you can work hard and gradually improve your skills to make you good at it. Others hold their view that if you are good at it, you have more chances to achieve success very soon. While you work, you can do all you can to gain the interest in it little by little. From my point of view, I think we should make full use of our strengths to change them each other regardless of the fact that you like it or you are good at it. 20. 2009 年 “快乐女声” 的火爆已无需渲染。 你对此现象进行简单的调查, 结果如下: 有些人认为 “平 民平等参与,有机会一夜成名等”。也有些人认为 “快女” 中还存在一些不尽人意的地方, 如 “浪费时间 和精力,影响学习,产生一夜成名的不良志向 (bad ambition) 等”。请根据以上情况为 “无为论坛” 写一 篇报告并发表自己的观点。 注意: 1. 包括以上全部要点可适当发挥,使上下文连贯。 2. 词数: 100-120。 3. 文章的格式和开头已给出, 不计入总词数。 To: Wuwei Forum From : Li Hua Date: June 20, 2009 Subject: Super Girl Super Girl has already been very hot all over China since it started on May 7, 2009 in Beijing. We have had a survey about the phenomenon recently. One possible version To: Wuwei Forum From : Li Hua Date: June 20, 2009 Subject: Super Girl Super Girl has already been very hot all over China since it started on May 7, 2009 in Beijing. We have had a survey about the phenomenon recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say Super Girl is their favorite. They hold their view that Super Girl can offer a stage for ordinary people to take part in it equally and have the chance of becoming famous overnight. While others think that Super Girl makes the girls waste time and energy so that it can have some bad effects on their study. In addition, it can cause some teenagers to have bad ambition about becoming famous overnight. From my point of view, it is wrong of young people to admire Super Girl too much, because they may mislead young people. I think to learn more and work hard is the real way to success. 21.低碳经济下的环境保护之一 “低碳经济”是一个具有广泛社会性的经济前沿理念, 最早是在 2003 年英国政府发布的能源白皮书 《我 们能源的未来:创建低碳经济》正式提出的。低碳经济包括低碳发展、低碳产业、低碳技术和低碳生活 等经济形态,是指在不影响经济发展的前提下,通过技术创新和制度创新,降低能源和资源消耗,尽可 能最大限度地减少温室气体和污染物的排放,实现减缓气候变化的目标,促进人类的可持续发展。 Protection of Environment 1. 目前环保还存在着许多问题。 2. 为了保护环境,3. 各国政府做了大量的工作。 4. 我的看法。 One possible version There are still many problems of environmental protection in recent years. One of the most serious problems is the serious pollution of air, water and soil. the polluted air does great harm to people’s health. The polluted water causes diseases and death. What is more, vegetation had been greatly reduced with the rapid growth of modern cities.
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To protect the environment, governments of many countries have done a lot. Legislative steps have been introduced to control air pollution, to protect the forest and sea resources and to stop any environmental pollution. Therefore, governments are playing the most important role in the environmental protection today. In my opinion, to protect environment, the government must take even more concrete measures. First, it should let people fully realize the importance of environmental protection through education. Second, much more efforts should be made to put the population planning policy into practice, because more people means more people means more pollution. Finally, those who destroy the environment intentionally should be severely punished. We should let them know that destroying environment means destroying mankind themselves. 22. 低碳经济下的环境保护之二 根据题目《师父被熏晕过去了》的漫画和下面要求写一篇关于河水污染的感想。 1. 情况。2. 原因。3. 后果。4. 措施。 词数 100~120。 One possible version One day Sun Wukong together with his master and brothers was walking across a river. Suddenly his master fell off the horse by the bad smell of river water. They found the water so dirty that they could hardly breathe. A lot of factories along the river always poured their waste water and rubbish straight into the river which made the river water polluted. In this way most of the fish in the river were killed. If the river water all over the country is polluted like this, no living things will exist in the water. Now more and more people have come to realize how serious this problem is. Our government is doing her best to take measures to fight against pollution. We expect that the water in every river will be made cleaner and cleaner before long. 23.低碳经济下的环境保护之三 全世界的环境问题在变得越来越严重。请你根据 漫画内容和下面要求给 China Daily 写一封信反映 这一情况,并提出保护环境的建议。 注意:1.信的开头与结尾已经给出,不计算在总词 数内。 2. 字数要求: 120 左右。 人口膨胀 population expansion;过度开发 overdevelopment。 Dear editor, Environmental problems are becoming more and more serious all over the world. ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Yours truly Li Hua One possible version Dear editor, Environmental problems are becoming more and more serious all over the world. With the development of industry and agriculture, cars make great noises and give off poisonous gas. Because of population expansion and overdevelopment, resources has become less and less. Trees on the hills have been cut down, and waste water is being poured continuously into rivers. The whole ecological balance of the earth is changing. Massive destruction of environment has brought about negative effects and even poses a great threat to man’s existence.
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We must face the situation that exists and take actions to solve our environmental problems. We hope that all these measures will be effective and bring back a healthful environment. Yours truly Li Hua 24.假如你是李华,你学校内有人得了猪流感,正在接受治疗,你校学生非常害怕,请你写一篇短文谈谈 如何预防猪流感? 1. 平时外出戴口罩,少去人群集中的公共场所, 避免接触病人等。 2. 勤洗手,保证充足睡眠,多锻炼多运动等。 3. 词数: 120 字左右 4. 文章的开头已给出, 不计入总词数。 参考词汇: 猪流感 swine flu; 口罩 face mask. Swine flu has come to our School! However, there is no vaccine to protect its virus. How do we protect us from it? One possible version Swine flu has come to our School! However, there is no vaccine to protect its virus. How do we protect us from it? We advise that you should wear face mask and avoid going to the crowded place when you go out. We remember not to be in close contact with the patients infected with swine flu. On the other hand, the best way to stay away from this virus is to wash your hands often, and make sure that you have enough sleep. At the same time, we should do more exercise so that we can build up our body. We are sure that we must overcome the threat against swine flu as long as we take proper measures and insist on taking exercise every day. 25.不同人都有着不同的习惯,个人习惯直接关系着公共卫生。请根据下列要求,写一篇 120 字的英 语短文,开头和结尾已经写好,不计入总词数。 1. 介绍有些人不同的好习惯和坏习惯。 2. 习惯与卫生的关系:习惯是卫生基础; 不好的习惯,会导致一些传染疾病传播,如 AIDS,SARS, H1N1 流感等。 3. 你的看法……。 One possible version It is generally believed that different people have different habits. Some people are addicted to habits like drinking and smoking, while others pay special attention to healthy diet and never taste things like alcohol and cigarettes. It goes without saying that there is close relationship between personal habits and public health. On the one hand, good habits serve as the necessary basis of public health, that is to say, without good habits, public health can’t be guaranteed. On the other hand, infectious disease is the natural result brought by dirty habits, like AIDS, SARS, H1N1 flu and so on. Personally, I think it is high time we placed emphasis on improving personal habits and public health. If we mind our manners and behave ourselves well, there must be a bright and encouraging future. 26.2009 年 5 月 1 日世博会志愿者招募仪式正式启动, 志愿者是办好世博会的一支重要的工作力量。 另外, 志愿者或做家教,教小孩子阅读、算术,或打扫公园与街道,或到医院或疗养院帮忙。你愿意做志愿者 吗?请陈述理由写一篇 100 字左右的短文。 One possible version I would like to be a volunteer in my spare time. My reasons are as follows: First of all, it is a good virtue to help others, even in modern society. We all need others’ help in case we get into trouble. Secondly, we are able to better ourselves by helping others because we gain valuable experience and build up our confidence while serving others. What’s more, volunteering makes us feel better about ourselves, thus making our life more enjoyable. More importantly, we can make the world a better place to live in by
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volunteering to improve it. In summary, volunteering can make a difference to our life, so I think it is very rewarding to be a volunteer.

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