English around the world
A Teachers and parents usually call attention to the pictures when they read storybooks to preschool children.But a new study
suggests that calling attention to the words and letters on the page may lead to better readers.
The two?year study compared children who were read in this way in class with children who were not.Those whose teachers most often discussed the print showed clearly higher skills in reading，spelling and understanding.These results were found one year and even two years later. Shayne Piasta，an assistant professor of teaching and learning at Ohio State University，was an author of the study.She says most pre?school teachers would find this method manageable and would need only a small change in the way they teach.They already read storybooks in class.The only difference would be increased attention to the printed text.“If you get children to pay attention to letters and words，it makes sense that they will do better at word recognition and spelling.”But she says research suggests that very few parents and teachers do this in a systematic way. More than 300 children aged four and five were observed in classrooms.They came from poor families and were below average in their language skills.For thirty weeks，the children took part in a program called Project STAR—Sit Together and Read.The project is based at Ohio State.It tests the shortterm and longterm results of reading regularly to preschool children in their classrooms. There are different ways that adults can talk to children about print.They can point to a letter and discuss it，and even trace the shape with a finger.They can point out a word and discuss the meaning of the print or how the words tell the story.And they can talk about the organization of the print－for instance，showing how words are written left to right in English. 【文章大意】 给学龄前儿童读书时，很多老师和父母关注的是图画，但研究表明，此 时教孩子关注图片旁的单词更有利于培养孩子的拼写、 阅读和理解的技能， 而且老师只需稍 微调整教学方式，就能做到。 1．What do we know about the ways pre?school children are usually taught? A．Preference is given to the shape of letters and the organization of the print. B．More attention is paid to the pictures，with words and letters being ignored. C．The focus of the teaching is on bringing them up to be good readers. D．Equal attention is paid to the texts and the pictures. 解析：选 B。细节理解题。第一段说老师和家长在给学龄前儿童读故事书的时候通常只 注重图画， 但一项新的研究表明， 关注书页上的字母和单词能更好地培养孩子们的阅读能力， 由此可推断 B 项正确。
2．What does Shayne Piasta suggest pre?school teachers should do in class? A．Teach children how to draw pictures to get an idea of what they mean. B．Adopt different methods according to the students’ difference in reading skills. C．Change the way they teach and pay more attention to words and letters. D．Read storybooks to children rather than explain the meaning of the pictures. 解析：选 C。推理判断题。由第三段中的“would need only a small change in the way they teach”和“If you get children to pay attention to letters and words...word recognition and spelling.” 可知，C 项正确。 3．Which of the following is true about the study on language skills of pre?school children? A．Many teachers want to change their way of teaching preschool children. B．Attention on the pictures has made the children uninterested in reading. C．Teachers are often prevented from taking different approaches to language teaching. D．Project STAR aims to research into the results of reading books to preschool children in the classroom. 解析：选 D。细节理解题。从第四段可知，STAR 这一项目的目的是检测给学龄前儿童 在课堂上定期阅读的短期和长期效果，因此选 D。 4．Which section of a magazine does the passage probably come from? A．Fashion. B．Economy. C．Education. D．Entertainment. 解析：选 C。文章出处题。文章主要讲述了一项关于学龄前儿童教育研究的新发现，故 最可能出现在教育这一版块。 B (创新题)Good news about news ONCE upon a time，people got their news from the shop.It was written in a newspaper，by journalists，and people bought one newspaper and assumed that it told the truth. Now，news can come from anywhere—blogs，micro blogs，social media sites and Internet forums.News is free and fast.Someone with a mobile phone takes a picture and suddenly it’s halfway across the world.And because almost everyone has a mobile phone and almost everyone can go online，almost everyone can be a journalist. Suddenly all the professional journalists have to prove why their work is called“professional”．It’s hard to persuade people to pay for something they can get for free， especially if the free version is better written and more accurate. Even the idea that journalists are “trustworthy” news sources is being questioned.A big British newspaper called the News of the World was found to be illegally tapping people’s phones to find stories.People have started muttering(抱怨)about the“death of the newspaper industry”． But the figures don’t quite add up to “death” ．In fact，they’re very confusing． One survey in the UK showed that most people get their news from popular social networks such as Twitter and Facebook，but another said that the majority go to newspaper websites. Maybe there’ s an explanation for this confusion.In_newspaper_offices_today， people_aren’ t_just_writing．Everyone has one eye on Twitter and another on local news sites.Every story that goes online has a comments section for readers.Writers change and update their stories in response to those comments.Every journalist knows they are being compared with every blogger and news site.They know readers can look at one story from many angles now，and decide which to believe.They have to fight to offer the best written and most accurate story.
News isn ’ t dead ； it’s more alive than ever.Newspapers are becoming platforms for comments，facts and opinions.News is closer than ever to the truth. 【文章大意】 《世界新闻报》前“窃听风暴”之后，英国报业的未来在哪里？当今的 报纸成为了人们讨论、交流事实和发表观点的平台。 5．Which of the following is true according to the article? A．News nowadays is not as trustworthy as it was before. B．Free versions of news sources are less well-written and less accurate. C．It’s cheaper and faster to get news thanks to modern technology. D．Journalists are now likely to lose their jobs because news can come from anywhere. 解析：选 C。细节理解题。由文章前两段中的“...News is free and fast”可知，C 项正确。 6．What does the underlined word“confusing”in Paragraph 5 mean? A．Satisfying. B．Surprising. C．Easy to get. D．Difficult to understand. 解析：选 D。词义猜测题。由词汇的语境可知，confusing 意思指“令人迷惑的”，故 选 D 项。 7．What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 6 mean? A．Journalists also have to write from many different angles. B．Journalists also need to make their stories believable. C．Journalists also have to take charge of their comments sections. D．Journalists listen to the opinions of readers and then improve their stories. 解析： 选 D。 推理判断题。 由第 6 段“Every story that goes online has a comments section for readers”可知，记者们不仅仅写新闻还要听取读者的评论来提高水平。 8．What’s the author’s attitude toward today’s news? A．Critical. B．Doubtful. C．Supportive. D．Disappointed. 解析：选 C。观点态度题。文章的作者对新闻持“支持的，鼓励的态度”，故选 C 项。 Ⅱ.语法填空 M ： Now we have fiveday classes every week ， so we have more spare time than 1.________． W：Yeah.How do you spend your spare time，Timmy? M：I have an 2.________(interesting)in playing the violin and I 3.________(continue)to practice playing it. W：Do you often go to a concert? M： Yes， I like listening to music.At present my major objective is to learn from 4.________． W：Do you like classical music 5.________ pop? M：I like both.How do you spend your spare time then，Lily? W：6.________(play)the piano is my favorite activity. M： Our hobbies are similar 7.________each other.I hope we can often exchange experience together. W：8.________ do I，but I’m weak in the theory of music. M： Me， too.Would you like to go with me to my 9.________(uncle)? He’s a professor at the Institute of Music.
W：I’d be glad to go with you.I will 10.________ him for his advice. 1．解析：考查副词。 由语境可知，现在每周上五天课，和以前相比有更多的空闲时间 了，故用 before。 答案：before 2．解析：考查名词。由空格前面的不定冠词 an 可知，此处应填名词 interest 。have an interest in 对??感兴趣，为固定短语。 答案：interest 3．解析：考查时态。由语境可知 Timmy 对拉小提琴感兴趣，并且会继续练习下去， 故用一般将来时。 答案：will continue 4．解析：考查代词。由语境可知，Timmy 认为他目前的主要目标是向别人学习。learn from sb.向某人学习，为习惯表达。 答案：others 5．解析：考查连词。由句意可知，此处询问对方喜欢古典音乐还是流行音乐，故填 or。 答案：or 6．解析：考查非谓语动词。由句子结构可知，系动词 is 前面的部分为句子的主语，故 应用 playing。 答案：Playing 7．解析：考查介词。be similar to 和??相似，为固定搭配。 答案：to 8．解析：考查倒装。由语境可知，此处为 so 引起的肯定倒装，表示说话者也希望与对 方一块交流经验。 答案：So 9．解析：考查名词所有格。 此处 my uncle’s 相当于 my uncle’s house，表示“我的叔 叔家”。在英语中，一些表示称谓的名词，用所有格形式表示其住所。 答案：uncle’s 10． 解析： 考查语境。 由语境可知， 此处表示向某人征求意见， 故填 ask。 ask sb.for advice 征求某人的意见，为固定用法。 答案：ask Ⅲ.短文改错 Of all my teachers，Mr.Smith is the one who impresses me most.Because he is 54，he looks very young at his age.And he’s one of the most popular teachers in our school.Compared with other teacher，Mr.Smith pays more attention to his way of teaching.He tries various ways to make his class lively and interestingly.In his opinion，we would not only know “what” ，but also understand “why” ．So，instead of giving us answers immediately，he encourages us to think by themselves whenever he puts forward questions.With his help，we learned how to analyze and settle down problems.What a wonderful world of “what” he leads us to ! He is such a learning person that we all admire him very much. 答案： Of all my teachers，Mr.Smith is the one who impresses me most. 54 ， he looks very young Because he is Though/Although
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Ⅳ.书面表达 上周日，你们学校组织了一次志愿者活动。假设你是李华，请你根据以下提示给校报写 一封信，报道相关情况，要点包括： 1．活动地点：文化广场； 2．活动形式：发传单，做演讲； 3．活动内容：宣传地震常识和防震知识； 4．参加活动的感受。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头语和结束语已为你写好，不计入总词数。 参考词汇：传单 leaflet Dear Editor， We took part in a voluntary activity organized by our school last Sunday.________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Best wishes! Yours. Li Hua One Possible Version： Dear_Editor， We_took_part_in_a_voluntary_activity_organized_by_our_school_last_Sunday.We gathered at the Culture Square ， passing leaflets to passers ? by from which they can learn what the earthquake is and how to protect themselves against the earthquake.The leaflets drew the attention of the public to the damage that an earthquake can cause and told them to take action in a right and efficient way.Some made a public speech，telling people about the best place they can hide when an earthquake occurs. We have learned much from the voluntary activity，which offers us an opportunity to contribute to society.We told the public about the situation because we thought everyone should be
concerned about each other and take responsibility for promoting a public cause. Best_wishes! Yours， Li_Hua Ⅴ.课文语法填空 阅读下面课文缩写材料，在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式(不多于 3 个单词)。 At the end of the 16th century，English was only spoken by people from England.They were native speakers.Today，the largest number of people ______1______(speak)English may be in China.A lot of Chinese people speak English as ______2______ foreign language. ______3______ English language ______4______(change)quite a lot over the last four centuries.Old English sounded more ______5______ less like German for it was based on German ， but modern English sounds ______6______(much)like French than German ______7______ England was once ruled by the French. Two people had great effects ______8______ the English changes.______9______ was Shakespeare，who enlarged the English vocabulary；the other was Noah Webster，who wrote a dictionary ______10______ gave American English its own identity. 答 案 ： 1.speaking 2.their 3.The 4.has changed 5.or 6.more 7.because 8.on 9.One 10.that/which
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