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作文 对比选择型作文


Outline: 1. 很多人认为有必要举行口语考 试,理由是… 2. 也有人持不同的意见,… 3. 我的看法和打算。 本题属于议论文中的对比选择型作文。 对比选择型作文可分为以下 3 种类型: I Introducing the topic 引出话题 Stating the pros and cons 分析利弊 Drawing a conclusion: my opinion/attitude/总结观点:摆明我的立场 II Introducing an idea 引出(反面)论点 Contradicting the idea and raise my own idea 反驳并表明反对的理由, 提出自己的观 点 Supporting my idea and making a conclusion 总结:从正面论述自己的观点 III Stating the pros and cons of sth. 分析利 弊

Drawing a conclusion 总结: 论述自己的 观点。 Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary? A test of spoken English will be included as an optional component of the College English Test (CET).(引出观点段) In response to the change, many argue/hold that it is necessary and beneficial, but others put forward a totally different argument. 对于这个变化,许多人认为这是 必要的而且有益的,但是有人则对此提出完 全相反的观点。 Those people who hold the first opinion/make the former choice/have the first preference believe spoken English should be given as much weight as written English, for the purpose of learning English is to be able to read, write, listen and speak in English. In addition, they maintain/point out that college students, who have learnt English for so many years, are good at

English reading and writing but extremely lacking in English speaking. By including spoken English as an optional component of the CET, they may put more energy and time into practicing their oral English, leading to improvement in their oral English. However, others think differently/do not agree this/have different choices/preferences. there are also people who maintain that good reading and writing skills would be enough for the average English learners. College students are already under considerable pressure from their coursework. Another required test will only add to their burden. Also, some students may take the shortcut and only practice the questions according to the fixed format of the test, which will not actually improve their spoken English. Weighing up these two arguments/choices/preferences, I prefer/am

inclined to/would rather choose the former one. For one thing, as college English learners we should and are able to fully develop ourselves in all aspects of English. For another/Furthermore/Moreover/ What’s more, the change in CET implies that the society needs people with comprehensive English language skills, so we should be aware of the change and make adjustment to it. Just like the famous saying: No one can stand still. If you are not moving ahead, you are falling behind. From now on, I should get ready for that change and set a goal for it. Only by practicing will my oral English be improved!
范文: A test of spoken English will be included as an optional (component of the College English Test (CET). Some people contend that it is absolutely necessary to hold a test of spoken English in China because we have been told many times that a Chinese student who has been learning English for years cannot communicate with a native English speaker. Sometimes even those top students who excel at grammar and writing skills find their English inadequate to express their thoughts freely when speaking. A test of spoken English will bring the importance of speaking English to the awareness of the college students, and thus help them with their communicating skills. On the other hand, there are also people who maintain that good reading and writing skills would be enough for the average English learners. College students are already under considerable

pressure from their coursework. Another required test will only add to their burden. Also, some students may take the shortcut and only practice the questions according to the fixed format of the test, which will not actually improve their spoken English. I believe that a test of spoken English will do more good than harm. Since China will continue its policy of opening and reform, the ability to speak fluent English is a must for anyone who wants to surpass others in a highly competitive society. Whether I take the test or not, I shall make all efforts to practice my spoken English in the rest years in college.

问题反馈: 1. 审题不清: 1) CET 大学英语考试不是 CEE 大学 入学考试, 也不是大学里的英语课考 试。 2) Spoken English test will be included as an optional component. 可选择 的,非强制的 2. 表达问题:1)表达不够简练。2)论述 没有说服力。 1) 用语简练,直击要害! 2) 深入思考, 关注当前热点, 关注生活, 勤于思考,善于思考。 3) 不要构思汉语,直接用英语表达思 维。要不然很容易写出 chinglish。 3. 语言错误太多!影响分数档! 1) 句子片段

Because ... Therefore, … 附属连词不能单独使 用,要依附于主句之上。 2) 单 词 错 误 , 重 复 出 现 。 leval/grammer/ 3)用语不规范。 以我之见:In my opinion,… To/ In my mind,… As far as I am concerned, … [ 就 我 而 言], As far as I can see, …[据 我看来] There are few students can speak English. There are a lot of people have different opinions. 4)语体不当。书面语;口头语 I want to say this… That’s all. 4.结构问题: 1)一段论要摒弃!

2)务必按照写作提纲写作!(顺序) 5. 书写问题 1)字体过于潦草!2)段首缩进 对比选择型作文写作常用句型 1. 如何引出话题? 1) When it comes to the topic, there is no complete agreement among people. 2) When asked the topic, different people will give different answers/ offer different views/make different choices/have different preferences. 3) Nowadays/ In recent years, there is a heated debate on the statements of the topic/ the issue. e.g. Should the university campus be open to tourists? a) When it comes to whether the university campus should be open to tourists, there is no complete agreement among people. b) When asked whether the university

campus should be open to tourists, different people offer different views. c) Nowadays, there is a heated debate on whether the university campus should be open to tourists. 2. 如何提出观点? 1 ) Some people take it for granted/believe/ prefer/ the opinion/choice. 2) However, others maintain /argue/prefer/would rather the opinion/choice. e.g. Some people take it for granted that university campus should welcome tourists from all over the country. However, others maintain that the university campus should be closed to tourists. 3. 对比论证段落:pros and cons 1) Those people who hold the first opinion/ make the former choice/

prefer the former opinion/have the first preference believe … 2) In addition, in their eyes/ they insist/ they maintain/ argue/ point out … 3) However, still others think differently/ do not agree this/ have different choices/preferences. 4) In their opinion, …. 5) Besides, they argue …. 4. 总结观点段 1) Weighing up these two arguments/choices/preferences, I prefer/am inclined to /would rather choose the former/latter one. 2) As to me, I tend to /prefer/am inclined to … 3) For one thing, …. 4) For another, … Furthermore/ Moreover/ What’s more … 5) 最 后 重 申 观 点 。 Considering the

reasons mentioned above/ Taking above-mentioned factors into consideration, I/we may safely conclude that/ may reasonably conclude that/I suggest/ I think/In a word, … 练习题目: Should Class Roll-call Be Required? 1) 有些人支持在大学里实行上课出勤点 名制。 2) 有些人认为没有必要实行这种制度。 3) 我的看法。


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