当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 【备考2014】(江苏专用)2013版高中英语 素能提升演练(十四) Unit2 The Environment 译林牛津版必修5

【备考2014】(江苏专用)2013版高中英语 素能提升演练(十四) Unit2 The Environment 译林牛津版必修5

必修 5 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. The writer of the book is an investment________ (顾问). 2. Their prices are high because________ (生产) costs are very great. 3. The failure of the operation has s

haken my ________ (信心,相信) in the doctor. 4. The boy is a ________ (增光的人) to his parents. 5. It was a bad year for new films, in terms of both________ (数量) and quality. 6. The hours of the two examinations ________ (冲突). 7. In some Asian countries, such as Thailand, poker is________ (非法的). 8. I sent her a present to show my________ (感谢) for her help. 9. She has her hair done in a ________ (特别的) style. 10. Development experts have debated on this question for ________ (几十年). Ⅱ. 单项填空 1. [2012 泉州模拟]The 2010 World Expo in Shanghai is more like a platform for cultural exchange, ________ A. having bringing C. brought people into closer contact with the rest of the world. B. to bring D. bringing Unit 2

2. We still have a long way to go to solve all the problems ________ the Yangtze River. A. in terms of C. in regard to B. in spite of D. in response to

3. [2012 庆阳模拟]In front of our house ________where we used to swim. A. a river lies C. does lie a river B. does a river lie D. lies a river

4. It is dishonest of you to take ________ for work that was done by others. A. account C. belief B. credit D. measures

5. —What’s your________ of Frank as a boss?


—Honest. A. impression C. respect B. influence D. attitude

6. I can make an evening dress ________ your measure. A. to B. by C. at D. with

7. —Can you shoot that bird at the top of the tree? —No, it’s out of ________. A. range C. control B. reach D. distance

8. [2012 衡水模拟]I really appreciate________ to help me with my maths, but I’m afraid that I have no time this week. A. you to offer C. your offering 9. —You didn’t lock the back door. —You are wrong. I ________. A. have locked it C. did lock it B. lock it myself D. do lock it B. it you offer D. this you are offering

10. [2012 三明模拟]Honesty is priceless. Stars, ________ , need to take honesty seriously. A. in short C. in particular B. in return D. in reward

11. You’d better fly somewhere in the west. Then you can ________ a hire car and travel around. A. take up C. pick up B. get on D. turn on

12. The recent information has been put forward ________ more high school graduates will be admitted into universities. A. as B. which C. while D. that

13. [2012 衡阳模拟]—We didn’t find the Blacks ________ the lecture. —No one had told them about ________ a lecture the following day.

A. attend; there to be B. attending; there being C. attended; there be D. attending; there was 14. ________ is no doubt that the Dallas Mavericks will defeat the Washington

Wizards in the next game. A. It B. As C. That D. There

15. As has been reported,

more measures ________ to make the falling economies

recover as soon as possible. A. have taken C. will take Ⅲ. 阅读理解 [2012 长沙模拟] As is known, healthy foods can help save your life.Now, here is a list of healthy foods that can save your memory.It is best that every person knows what he eats, as he takes in, can make or break himself, in terms of health. B. are taking D. will be taken

Fish is helpful in regaining back the kind of memory that a person once has.Eating fish can help you save the trouble of forgetfulness.Vegetables rich in fiber and other dark and green leafy kinds are very suitable for people who want to avoid mental blocks.These foods contain high units of Vitamin E. Another food that is considered having different effects on preventing this brain deficiency(缺陷) is avocado (鳄梨), which is also rich in Vitamins E and C.It is really good to know these healthy foods that can save your memory are always at hand so as to help you in your fight against diseases.Sunflower seeds are regarded as Vitamin C-powered seeds and also give you enough energy. As for red wine, do not over consume it, as it is said to have to be taken in moderate amounts in order to help the body.Over-drinking can cause illness and like anything else.This is considered as one of the healthy foods that can save your memory; alcohol can otherwise lose it.

It is better to consume colored bread, rice and whole grains for you to get the best out of fiber.These foods can lower the body’s risk of being infected with Alzheimer’s disease. Knowing the healthy foods that can save your memory is living the life that you have longed and desired . Among the others, the best, of course, is

exercise.Taking part in different kinds of exercises, sports can keep both your body and mind healthy. 1.If you suffer from loss of memory, you________ . A.should eat cucumbers and cabbages B.had better take in fish in your meals C.can drink as much wine as possible D.may as well take more Vitamin C

physical activities or

2.Which of the following is the most important for health? A.Drinking a proper amount of red wine every day. B.Eating bread made of whole grains C.Adding Vitamin C-powered seeds to meals D.Taking moderate exercise every day 3.To discourage mental disease from happening, _______. A.people are advised to take avocados B.it is best to eat vegetables high in fiber C.it is better to have more sunflower seeds D.red wine is the first and best choice 4.Which of the following is most suitable for the passage? (①=Para.1 ⑤=Para.5 ②=Para.2 ⑥=Para.6) ③=Para.3 ④=Para.4


Ⅳ. 任务型阅读 [2012 南京模拟] 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。 注意:每个空格只填一个单词。 If your family is like many in the United States, unloading the week’s

groceries includes hauling a case or two of bottled water into your home. On your way to a soccer game or activity, it’s easy to grab a cold one right out of the fridge, right?

But all those plastic bottles use a lot of fossil fuels and pollute the environment. In fact, Americans buy more bottled water than any other nation in the world, adding 29 billion water bottles a year to the problem. In order to make all these bottles, manufacturers use 17 million barrels of crude oil. That’s

enough oil to keep a million cars going for twelve months. Imagine a water bottle filled a quarter of the way up with oil. That’s about how much oil was needed to produce the bottle.


So why don’t more people drink water straight from the kitchen faucet? Some people drink bottled water because they think it is better for them than water out of the tap, but that’s not true. In the United States, local governments make sure water from the faucet is safe. There is also growing concern that chemicals in the bottles themselves may leach into the water. People love the convenience of bottled water. But maybe if they realized the problems it causes, they would try drinking from a glass at home or carrying water in a refillable steel container instead of plastic bottle. Plastic bottle recycling can help—instead of going out with the trash, plastic bottles can be turned into items like carpeting or cozy fleece clothing. Unfortunately, for every six water bottles we use, only one makes it to the recycling bin. The rest are sent to landfills. Or, even worse, they end up as lakes, and the ocean. Plastic bottles take many

trash on the land and in rivers,

hundreds of years to disintegrate. Water is good for you, so keep drinking it. But think about how often you use water bottles, and see if you can make a change. Betty McLaughlin, who runs an organization called the Container Recycling

Institute, says we should try using fewer bottles: “If you take one to school in your lunch, don’t throw it away—bring it home and refill it from the tap for

the next day. Keep track of how many times you refill a bottle before you recycle it. ” And yes, you can make a difference. Remember this: Recycling one plastic

bottle can save enough energy to power a 60-watt light bulb for six hours. Title (1)______ situation (3) _______ for Drinking Water: Bottled or From the Tap? Americans consume (2) _______ bottled water in the world. Bottled water is of higher (4) _______. It’s more (5) _______ for people to drink bottled water.

people’s preference for bottled water


The (6) _______ Problems with bottled water

of plastic bottles uses lots of fossil fuels.

Water bottles we use cause serious (7) _______.

Use bottles (9) _______ of glass or steel. (8) _______ the Use a refillable plastic bottle as many times as (10) _______ before recycling. 答案解析 Ⅰ. 1. consultant 2. production 3. belief 4. credit 6. conflict 7. illegal 8. appreciation 9. particular 5. quantity 10. decades passage offers

Ⅱ. 1.【解析】选 D。考查非谓语动词。句意:2010 上海世博会更像一个文化交流的平台, 使人们更密切地接触到世界的其他文化。bringing people into closer contact with the rest of the world 是现在分词作状语,表示自然而然的结果。 2.【解析】选 C。考查短语辨析。句意:要解决有关长江的所有问题,我们还有很长的一段 路要走。in terms of 依据,按照;在??方面;in spite of 尽管;不管,不顾;in regard to 至于,关于;in response to 作为??的回应。根据句意可知答案选 C。 3.【解析】选 D。考查倒装结构。句意:我们的房子前面有一条河,我们过去常常在河里游 泳。表方位的介词短语放在句首,句子用完全倒装。where we used to swim 是 river 的定 语从句,where 在从句中作地点状语。 4. 解析】 B。 【 选 考查名词辨析。 句意: 你把别人所做的工作归功于自己是不诚实的。 take(s) sb. credit for sth. 把某事归功于某人。 5.【解析】选 A。句意:——作为老板,你对 Frank 的印象如何?——很诚实。impression 印象;influence 影响;respect 尊敬,尊重;attitude 态度,表示“对??的态度”时常 接 to/ towards。根据句意可知答案选 A。 6.【解析】 A。 选 考查介词的固定搭配。 句意: 我可以照你的身材给你做件晚礼服。make. . . to one’s measure 按照某人的尺寸做??。 7.【解析】选 A。句意:——你能射下树顶上的那只鸟吗?——不能,超出射程了。out of reach (手)够不着;out of control 失控;out of distance 超出距离,都不符合语境。out of range 在射程外,超出范围。


8.【解析】选 C。考查 appreciate 的用法。句意:我真的很感激你主动提出帮我学数学, 但是恐怕这周我没时间。appreciate“感激”,后跟 v. -ing 作宾语,故答案选 C。 【变式备选】 You can’t ________ English poetry unless you understand its rhythm. A. apply C. appoint B. appreciate D. approach

【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。句意:你若不懂英文诗的韵律,就无法欣赏英文诗。apply 申请;涂,敷;应用;appreciate 欣赏,赞赏;appoint 任命;指定;approach 接近;着 手处理。根据句意选 B。 9.【解析】选 C。答句句意为:你错了,我确实锁上后门了。助动词 do 用来强调谓语,再 结合时态可知答案选 C。 【变式备选】 —Did he say he would attend the meeting? —Yes, he________ to attend it on time. A. said C. did promise B. did permit D. spoke

【解析】选 C。promise to do 意为“答应做某事”,did 强调谓语动词 promise。 10.【解析】选 C。考查介词短语辨析。句意为:诚实是无价的。明星们尤其要认真对待诚 实。 particular 尤其, in 符合题意。 short 总之; in 简言之; return 作为回报; reward in in 作为回报;均与题意不符。 【变式备选】 Don’t be too________ about what you eat and wear; pay more attention to your study and work. A. curious C. sure B. crazy D. particular

【解析】选 D。考查形容词辨析。句意:不要太讲究吃穿,应该多注意学习和工作。be particular about 对??挑剔的,讲究的,符合句意。be curious about 对??好奇的; be crazy about 对??着迷的;be sure about 对??有把握,确信。 11.【解析】选 C。考查动词短语辨析。take up 开始学,从事,占据; get on 上车,相处, 进展; 表示上车时多指公交车,上小汽车用 get into。pick up 拾起,学会,收听到,搭

车;turn on 打开。根据句子意思,应选择 pick up,搭乘。 12.【解析】选 D。考查同位语从句。根据句子意思可知,空格后的从句是说明句子的主语 the recent information 的内容,故该句是同位语从句,应选 that, 且不可省略。答案为 D。 13.【解析】选 B。考查非谓语动词。句意:——我们没有发现布莱克夫妇来听讲座。—— 没人告诉他们第二天有讲座。在“find+宾语+宾补”结构中,the Blacks 与 attend 之间是 逻辑上的主谓关系,用现在分词表主动;about 是介词,后面要用 v. -ing 形式,故答案选 B。 14.【解析】选 D。There is no doubt that. . . 是固定句型,意为“毫无疑问??”。 【知识拓展】doubt 后接从句的用法小结 (1)doubt 作动词后接宾语从句 ①在否定句和疑问句中,doubt 后面接 that 引导的宾语从句。例如: I don’t doubt that he can finish the task on time. 我相信他能按时完成任务。 Do you doubt that she will succeed? 你怀疑她会成功吗? ②在肯定句中,doubt 后面一般接 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句。例如: I doubt whether they can swim across the river. 我怀疑他们能否游过河去。 He doubts if she will keep her word. 他不敢肯定她是否会遵守诺言。 注意:在肯定句中,doubt 后面也可以接 that 引导的宾语从句,但表示疑虑较大或“不相 信”。例如: We doubt that they can complete the work ahead of time. 成这项工作。 (2)doubt 作名词后接同位语从句 ①doubt 用在否定句中,后面接 that 引导的同位语从句。例如: There is no doubt that they will agree with you on this matter. 毫无疑问,他们在 这件事上会同意你的意见的。 ②doubt 用在肯定句中, 后面接 whether 引导的同位语从句。 注意不可以用 if 替换 whether。


例如: There is some doubt whether their football team will win the match. 他们的足球队会不会赢得这场比赛还不能肯定。 15.【解析】选 D。考查动词的时态和语态。句意:就像所报道的那样,将会采取更多的措 施来尽快恢复正在下滑的经济。主语为 more measures,谓语应该用被动形式。本题易误选 A。 Ⅲ. 1. 【解析】 B。 选 细节理解题。文中有关能使记忆恢复的食品有:fish, avocado, red wine,因此根据选项给出的答案,只有 B 项符合文章意思。 2. 【解析】选 D。细节理解题。在文章最后一段,作者特别指出:Among the others, the best, of course, is exercise. ,由此可知在所有的方式中锻炼是最重要的。 3. 【解析】选 B。细节理解题。在文章的第二段中提到了 to avoid mental blocks(为了避 免精神障碍),其前有 Vegetables rich in fiber and other dark and green leafy kinds, 故粗纤维和深绿叶蔬菜对避免精神障碍有帮助。 4. 【解析】选 A。篇章结构题。本文是总分总结构,所以选 A。 Ⅳ. (1)Present (2)most (3)Reasons (4)quality (5)convenient (9)made

(6)production/manufacturing (10)possible





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