stay healthy 保持健康
be dying to
hear from sb. 收到某人来信
used to do
lose weight 减肥
put on weight 增肥
be ashamed of 为． ． ．感到羞愧
be popular among/ with 受． ． ．欢迎
keep doing sth. 一直做某事
recover from 恢复，恢复知觉
liver failure 肝功能衰竭
regret to do 遗憾的去做
regret doing 后悔做过
donate .. to 捐赠． ． ．
be embarrassed about 因． ． ．感到羞愧
go on diets 节食
come across 偶遇，无意中发现
in secret 秘密地
get hurt 受伤
build up 增进，加强
on one’s own 独立地，独自地
consider doing sth 考虑做某事
fall out 发生， 脱落
side effect 副作用
take the risk 冒险
recommend sth to sb. 向． ． ．推荐
along with 连同． ． ．一道
in the long/short term 从长远看
give up on 放弃，对． ． ．感到绝望
as a matter of fact 事实上
take in 接受，理解，吸收
in no time 立刻
risk doing 冒险做某事
call sb. names 辱骂某人
a headache to 麻烦事
a good amount of 大量的
1. I used to go to the gym three times a week, but I don’t work out any more. 我以前也常去健身房， 一周三周，但我现在不锻炼了。
2. I am trying to lose weight because I’m so ashamed of my body. 我正在努力减肥，因为我的体形让我觉得很难为情。
3. I regret taking those weight-loss pills.
4. I think you look great as you are.
5. It’s the same in China—many people, some of whom are not overweight at all, are always going on diets or taking weight-loss pills, which are often dangerous.在中国也是一样的情况——许多人， 包括有 些根本就不超重的人，总是在节食，或者是吃减肥药片，这些做法往 往是危险的。
6. Now he is considering taking some pills, which he thinks will take him become stronger. 他正在考虑服用药片，他觉得这样能是他更健壮。
7. Healthy eating along with regular exercise is the only way to become fit. 健康的饮食习惯加上经常锻炼是保持健壮的唯一途径。
8. Walking and riding your bike count, and so do school sports. 行走和骑自行车就算，在学校进行的体育活动也算。
9. As a matter of fact, loss of sleep can make you look tired, and even cause you to put on weight.
10. If you follow the suggestions above, you will look and feel much better in no time at all! 如果你遵守以上建议，用不了多久你就会气色好、感觉棒
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中， 选出最佳选项。 21． You were very impolite to him， for________you should make an apology to him，I think. A．this B．which C．what D．that 22． I bought an ancient Chinese vase， ________was very reasonable. A．which price B．the price of which C．its price D．the price of whose 23．________has already been pointed out，grammar is not a set of dead rules. A．As B．It C．That D．Which 24． Whenever I met him， ________was fairly often， I liked his sweet and hopeful smile. A．what B．that C．which D．when 25 ． He made another wonderful discovery ， ________of great importance to science.
A．which I think is B．which I think it is C．which I think it D．I think which is 26．In one night，the city was completely destroyed by a terrible earthquake，________about 240,000 people died. A．in that B．which C．in which D．the one 27．Betty must be unhappy without me，________she? A．must B．is C．mustn?t D．isn?t 28 ． If you want help—money or anything ， let me know ， ________you? A．don?t B．will C．shall D．do 29．I don?t suppose anyone will volunteer，________？ A．do I B．don?t I C．will they D．won?t they 30．The man________me though he promised to. A．failed in help B．failed to help C．fails in helping D．fails to helping 31．The soldier risked________down by the car to save the child. A．knocking B．to knock C．being knocked D．to be knocked 32．—I had to pay ten dollars for this bowl. —It?s probably________. A．worth B．worth so C．worth them D．worth it 33．They got________last year and they are living happily. A．to marry B．marrying C．marry D．married 34．The teacher kept us________the same poem again and again. A．practicing to read B．to practice reading C．to practice to read D．practicing reading 35． The angry lady left the shop， ________never come to shop there again.
A．determining B．determined C．to determine D．determine 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个 选项中，选出最佳选项。 Even though it was only October ， my students were already whispering about Christmas plans.With each passing day everyone became more __36__，waiting for the final school bell.Upon its __37__ everyone would run for their coats and go home，everyone except David. David was a small boy in ragged clothes.I had often __38__ what kind of home life David had，and what kind of mother could send her son to school dressed so __39__ for the cold winter months，without a coat， boots，or gloves.But something made David __40__.I can still remember he was always __41__ a smile and willing to help.He always __42__ after school to straighten chairs and mop the floor.We never talked much.He __43__ just simply smile and ask what else he could do，then thank me for letting him stay and slowly __44__ home. Weeks passed and the __45__ over the coming Christmas grew into restlessness until the last day of __46__ before the holiday break.I smiled in __47__ as the last of them hurried out the door.Turning around I saw David __48__ standing by my desk. “I have something for you，”he said and __49__ from behind his back a small box.__50__ it to me， he said anxiously， “Open it.”I took the box from him， thanked him and slowly unwrapped it.I lifted the lid and to my __51__ saw nothing.I looked at David?s smiling face and back into the box and said，“The box is nice，David，but it?s __52__.” “Oh no，it isn?t，”said David.“It?s full of love.My mum told me before she died that love was something you couldn?t see or touch unless you know it?s there.” Tears filled my eyes __53__ I looked at the proud dirty face that I had rarely given __54__ to.After that Christmas，David and I became good friends and I never forgot the meaning __55__ the little empty box set on my desk. 36．A.anxious B．courageous C．serious D．cautious 37．A.warning B．ringing C．calling D．yelling 38．A.scolded B．wondered C．realized D．learned 39．A.modestly B．naturally
C．inaccurately D．inappropriately 40．A.popular B．upset C．special D．funny 41．A.expressing B．delivering C．wearing D．sharing 42．A.practised B．wandered C．studied D．stayed 43．A.would B．should C．might D．could 44．A.aim at B．turn to C．put off D．head for 45．A.argument B．excitement C．movement D．judgment 46．A.school B．year C．education D．program 47．A.relief B．return C．vain D．control 48．A.weakly B．sadly C．quietly D．helplessly 49．A.searched B．found C．raised D．pulled 50．A.Holding B．Handing C．Sending D．Leaving 51．A.delight B．expectation C．appreciation D．surprise 52．A.cheap B．empty C．useless D．improper 53．A.as B．until C．because D．though 54．A.advice B．support C．attention D．command 55．A.from B．behind C．over D．towards 第三部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个 选项中，选出最佳选项。 A Real Friend，Real Meaning
We can make mistakes at any age.Some mistakes we make are about money.But most mistakes are about people.“Did Jerry really care when I broke up with Helen？”“When I got that great job，did Jim really feel good about it，as a friend？Or did he envy my luck？”When we look back， doubts like these can make us feel bad.But when we look back， it?s too late. Why do we go wrong about our friends or our enemies ？Sometimes what people say hides their real meaning.And if we don?t really listen， we will miss the meaning behind the words.Suppose someone tells you， “You?re a lucky dog.”and that?s friendly.But a “lucky dog”？There?s a bit of envy in those words.Maybe he doesn?t see it himself.But bringing in the “dog” bit puts you down a little.What he may be saying is that h e doesn?t think you observe your luck. Just think of all the things you have to be “thankful for” is another noise that says one thing and means another.It could mean that the speaker is trying to get you to see your problem as part of your life as a whole.But is he？Wrapped up in this phrase is the thought that your problem isn?t important.It?s telling you to think of all the starving people in the world when you haven?t got a date for Saturday night. How can you tell the real meaning behind someone?s words？One way is to take a good look at the person talking.Do his words fit the way he looks ？ Does what he says agree with the tone of voice ？ His posture(姿态)？The look in his eyes？Stop and think.The minute you spend thinking about the real meaning of what people say to you may save another mistake. 56． When we listen to a person talking， the most important thing for us is to ________. A．notice his body language when the person is talking B．look at his face and notice his expression C．pay attention to his tone and his posture D．judge the real meaning from his speech and behavior 57． According to the author， the reason why we go wrong about our friends is that ________. A．we fail to listen carefully when they talk B．we sometimes don?t believe what our friends say C．we are tired of what they say D．people usually state one thing but mean another 58．Which of the following sentences is TRUE according to the passage? A．Perhaps he wishes himself to have the same situation as you
when he says “you are a lucky dog”． B．Most mistakes we usually make are about money. C．There is only one way to tell the real meaning behind someone?s words. D．It?s not worth spending time in getting someone?s real meaning. 59．This passage is mainly about ________. A．what to do when you listen to others B．how to avoid mistakes when you communicate with people C．which kind of mistake you can make when you are talking to others D．why we go wrong with people B For years we have been told that encouraging a child?s self?respect is important to his or her success in life.But child experts are now learning that too much praise can lead to the opposite effect.Praiseaholic_kids who expect it at every turn may become teens who seek to same kind of approval from friends when asked if they want to go in the backseat of the car. The implication(含义) of saying “You are the prettiest girl in class” or talking about the goals she succeed but not her overall effort is that you love her only when she looks the best，scores the highest，achieves the most.And this carries over to the classroom. Social psychologist Carrol Dweck ， PhD ， tested the effects of overpraise on 400 fifth graders while she was at Columbia University.She found that kids praised for “trying hard” did better on tests and were more likely to take on difficult assignments than those praised for being “smart”． “Praising attributes(品质) or abilities makes a false promise that success will come to you because you have that quality，and it devalues effort，so children are afraid to take on challenges，”says Dweck，now at Stanford University，“They figure they?d better quit while they?re ahead.” 60．The underlined words “Praiseaholic kids” refer to kids who are________. A．tired of being praised B．worthy of being praised C．very proud of being praised D．extremely fond of being praised 61． The author quoted(引用) Dr.Dweck?s words in the last paragraph in order to make the article________.
A．betterknown B．betterorganized C．more persuasive D．more interesting 62．We can infer from the passage that________. A．praise for efforts should be more encouraged B．praise for results works better than praise for efforts C．praising a child?s achievements benefits his or her success in life D．praising a child?s abilities encourages him or her to take on challenges C In a traditional Chinese family，women are expected to do the housekeeping and leave the “other business” to men.However ， the appearance of the full?time “house husband” is changing traditional families. A survey in Beijing， Shanghai， Guangzhou and Shenzhen shows that 22 percent,73 percent,34 percent and 32 percent of whitecollar male workers ， aged between 28 and 33 ， would be prepared to do the housekeeping if the conditions were right. Yang Wenhui,32 years old，worked at the office of a company prefer to quit the job.“My job was dull and steady.I was not promoted.My wife， in contrast，really likes her job.So，after our baby was born，I chose to stay at home and take care of the family while my wife works outside home，”said Yang.Sociologists have found the fulltime house husband emerges in three main situations. Firstly ， if the wife is ambitious ， wellpaid and has good job prospects，while her husband is paid poorly and has no job prospects ，it makes economic sense for the woman to become the main income earner for the household.Secondly，if the wife is tired of household chores and eager to work outside the home，her husband may forfeit his job.Thirdly， if the husband can do his work at home，he may take this choice as it allows him more time to take care of the family. Influenced by traditional ideas，some families with fulltime house husbands prefer others not to know about their arrangement ，concerned people would laugh at a husband with “no prospects” or wife who is “too strong”． Zhou Wei said he has become usual to being a fulltime house husband although his relatives doubted this when they gathered during the holidays.“A happy life is the most important thing ， not other
people?s opinions，”added Zhou. 63．The reason for Yang Wenhui quitting his job is that________. A．it is too difficult for him to do it B．it is too boring for him to do it C．he is too old to go on doing it D．his wife wanted him to quit it 64．In which situation is a man unlikely to become a fulltime house husband? A．He can earn enough money to keep family and has good job prospects. B．He can earn much less than his wife and will never get promoted. C．His wife hates housework and is busy with her work outside. D．His job can be done at home and he would like to stay at home. 65．The underlined word “forfeit” probably means “________”． A．appreciate B．quit C．continue D．escape 66．The best title for this passage is________. A．A Real Household Owner B．Housewife or House husband C．Today?s Housewife D．Enjoy Your Job，Enjoy Your Life D Most people think of racing when they see greyhounds(灰狗) and believe they need lots of exercise.They can actually be quite lazy ！ Greyhounds are good at fast races but no longdistance running.They do need regular exercise but they like to run for a short burst and then get back on the bed or a comfortable seat. Another misunderstanding is that greyhounds must be aggressive( 好 斗的) because they are big in size.In fact greyhounds love people and are gentle with children. Greyhounds can live for 12～14 years but usually only race for two or three years， and after that they make great pets.They don?t need a lot of space，don?t make a lot of noise，and don?t eat a lot for their size. Normally，greyhounds can be as tall as 90cm.There is，however，a smallsized greyhound，which stands only 33cm.Greyhounds come in a variety of colours.Grey and yellowishbrown are the most common.Others include black，white，blue，red and brown or a mix of these. Greyhounds have smooth body coats，low body fat and are very
healthy.Because they?re slim(苗条的)，they don?t have the leg problems like other dogs the same height.But they do feel the cold， especially since they would much rather be at home in bed than walking around outside. 67．The text is written mainly________. A．to tell people how to raise greyhounds B．to let people know more about greyhounds C．to explain why greyhounds are aggressive D．to describe greyhounds of different colours 68．It can be inferred that greyhounds________. A．love big doghouses B．like staying in bed all day C．make the best guard dogs D．need some exercise outdoors 69．Why does the author say that greyhounds make great pets? A．They are big in size. B．They live a very long life. C．They can run races for some time. D．They are quiet and easy to look after. 70．If you keep a pet greyhound，it is important________. A．to keep it slim B．to keep it warm C．to take special care of its legs D．to take it to animal doctors regularly 第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下面短文， 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里 填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。 Autumn blues？Let the sunshine in falling leaves， withering(使枯萎 的)flowers and cold winds.For many people late autumn can be a season of gloom(沮丧)and depression.Spirits can be low.People who suffer from “the autumn blues” often are extremely exhausted，lack energy，need more sleep，feel increased appetite and gain weight. “The exact cause of this condition， often called seasonal depression or seasonal affective disorder (SAD)， is not known yet， ”says Chen Jue， associate professor at Shanghai Mental Health Center.“But recent studies indicate that weather change is influential and strongly suggest that this condition is caused by changes in the availability of sunlight.” One theory is that with decreased exposure to sunlight ， the
biological clock that regulates mood，sleep，and hormones is delayed， running more slowly in winter.Exposure to sunlight may reset the biological clock. Another theory is that brain chemicals that transmit information between nerves may be altered in individuals with SAD.It is believed that exposure to light can correct these imbalances. “It is a sad season，but you can try to make it happy.Remember， spring always lives in your heart，”Chen says. Here are some tips to deal with autumn depression. —Go outdoors and get some sunlight.Move around.Fresh air and exercise improve the respiratory(呼吸)system and blood circulation and regulate the nervous system.Thus，exercise can calm and relieve one?s mood. —Relax at work.Stretch，breathe deeply.Take a tea break.Think of your next vacation. —Keep a chocolate bar in your pocket.Chocolate and sugar raise the spirits. —Look at bright colors ，such as red and orange.Color therapy improves mood. —Listen to your favorite music.You can dance with it，or just lie on a cozy couch，reading a novel. —Decorate your room and work space with flowers.Blooming plants are cheering. —Call friends or family when you feel lonely or depressed.Recall some happy memories. Autumn Blues Autumn blues is also called autumn 71.________.The real There are some 73.________ that can help to cause for it is still deal with it. 72.______ to us.Exposure to sunlight can help to cure it. The first The Outdoor 78.______ Green You can reason is second is 76.____ __ plants are relax that 75.______ may treatment cheering. yourself exposure __ with reduce the also works Calling while to the tension in your working.F sunshine balance of that brings handling friends ood can reset nerves you the low will 77．____ the that low mood.Mus 80.______
biological transmit clock informatio 74.______ n. mood， sleep, and hormones.
in calories ic also __ your and sugar 79.______ loneliness does help __ a role away.Thin too. in treating king of the autumn sweet past blues. is regarded as a good way as well. 第五部分 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你叫 Sara，是一位在中国生活学习近三年的美国女孩，你在 网上认识了一位名叫李丽的中国女孩。 了解到李丽因为脸上长有雀斑 很苦恼，甚至很自卑，每天闷闷不乐。请你给李丽写一封信。 主要内容包括： 1．对李丽的审美观提出异议； 2．表达你们美国女孩的审美观(你们常认为雀斑代表着性感与个 性，使人与众不同??)； 3．给李丽提些建议，鼓励她做一个快乐自信的女孩。 注意：1.词数 150 左右； 2．为使表达通顺，可适当补充内容。 参考词汇：雀斑 freckles。 _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________
_________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________
答案 21．B [此题属于“介词＋关系代词”引导的定语从句。先行词指 物时关系代词用 which，指人时用 whom。] 22．B [Chinese vase 与 the price 之间有所属关系，the price of which 相当于 whose price。] 23．A [关系代词 as 有“正如”之意。] 24．C [先行词是 whenever I met him，关系代词 which 代替整 个句子。] 25． A [整个句子 He made another wonderful discovery 作先行词， 从句缺少主语，which 代替整个句子作主语，is of great importance to 为固定词组，I think 为插入语。] 26． C [in which 指 in the earthquake， 介词不可以与关系代词 that 搭配。] 27．D [must 用于推测时，须用 must 后面动词的相应形式来构 成反意部分，unhappy 有否定含义，但不是否定词。] 28．B [let me know 是祈使句，反意疑问句要用 will you。] 29．C [当主语是第一人称，谓语动词是 think，suppose 等时， 反意疑问句要根据从句的谓语动词来确定，这是一个否定句，反意疑 问句要用肯定形式。] 30．B [fail to do sth.没能做某事；fail in doing sth.做某事失败， 由 promised 可知本句应用过去时，故选 B。] 31．C [risk 后要接名词或动名词，此处又是被动关系。] 32．D [be worth 后常接表示钱或劳动等词，意为“值得……”。 it 指代上面提到的钱。] 33．D [get married 结婚。] 34．D [此题考查 keep sb. doing sth.和 practice doing sth.。] 35．B [determined to do...过去分词短语作状语。] 36．A [句意为：尽管还是十月份，学生们都已在谈论圣诞节计
划的事了。但是随着日子一天天过去，学生们更加着急了。 anxious 焦急的；courageous 有胆量的；serious 严肃的；cautious 小心的，谨 慎的。] 37．B [Upon its ringing 铃声一响，此处指孩子们急于回家。] 38．B [句意为：David 穿着破旧衣服，我经常纳闷他过的是一 种什么样的家庭生活。wonder 纳闷，想知道。] 39． D [我在纳闷何种类型的母亲会把她的儿子打扮得如此不合 时令而送到学校来：在寒冷的冬天不穿大衣、靴子，不戴手套。 inappropriately 不适合地。] 40．C [由下文可知有一种让 David 很特别的东西。] 41．C [wear a smile 面带笑容。] 42．D [放学之后 David 总是留下来(stay)打扫卫生等。] 43．A [他总是笑笑而已。would 总是，表示倾向性。] 44．D [干完活之后就回家，head for 前往。] 45．B [孩子们对于即将到来的圣诞节一直兴奋着，直到节日前 夕在学校的最后一天到来。] 46．A [见上题解析。] 47．A [喧闹的孩子们回家了，我也放松了。in relief 放松地， 宽慰地。] 48． C [由下文和 David 的“special”可知 David 应是静静地(quietly) 站在我桌旁。] 49．D [David 从身后拿出一个小盒子。pull 拉出，拿出，该词 体现出 David 对老师的尊重以及对礼物的重视。] 50． B [David 把小盒子递给我。 hand sth.to sb.把某物递给某人。 ] 51． D [打开盒子之后， 我却惊讶地发现里面什么也没有。 to my surprise 使我惊讶的是。] 52．B [我说：“David，盒子很好看，可是它是空的呀。”] 53．A [as 当……时候。] 54． C [我看着那张我几乎从没注意过的骄傲的有点脏兮兮的脸。 give attention to 注意。] 55．B [我永远忘不了那个小盒子背后所蕴藏的含义。] 56．D [细节理解题。根据最后一段可知。] 57．D [细节理解题。由第二段“Why do we go wrong about our friends or our enemies？Sometimes what people say hides their real meaning.”可知。] 58．A [细节理解题。由第二段 “Suppose someone tells you ， ?You?re a lucky dog.?and that?s friendly.But a?lucky dog?？There?s a bit of envy in those words.”可知。]
59．B [主旨大意题。本篇的主旨大意就是如何弄清他人说话的 言外之意，以避免交流过程中犯下错误。] 60．D [词义猜测题。从前文中“too much praise can lead to the opposite effect.Praiseaholic kids who expect it at every turn ”看，it 应该 指 too much praise。] 61．C [推理判断题。最后一段引用 Dr. Dweck?s 的话，让人看 到这种表扬会导致孩子们退缩， 害怕挑战， 从而使文章更具震撼力。 ] 62．A [推理判断题。从第三段“She found that kids praised for ?trying hard? did better on tests and were more likely to take on difficult assignments than those praised for being ?smart?．”可以得知。] 63．B [从文章第三段可知。] 64．A [根据全文可推知。] 65．B [根据上下文可推知。] 66． B [本文主要是对家庭角色的转换及人们对工作态度的认识 方面进行的调查，故 B 项最能概括这一内容。] 67．B [主旨大意题。文章通过澄清人们对灰狗的一些误解，让 人们更多地了解灰狗。] 68． D [细节理解题。 从第一段中的“They do need regular exercise but they like to run for a short burst and then get back on the bed or a comfortable seat.”可知。] 69．D [细节理解题。从第三段中的“they make great pets.They don?t need a lot of space， don?t make a lot of noise， and don?t eat a lot for their size.”得知它们很安静并且容易饲养。] 70．B [细节理解题。从文章最后一段中的“But they do feel the cold”可以得到提示。] 71．depression 72.unknown 73.ways/methods 74．regulating 75.connected 76.activities/sports 77．rich/high 78.Colour 79.plays 80.drive 参考范文 Dear Lily， The longer I am in China，the less I seem to understand Chinese culture and your sense of beauty.Whenever I think a girl is pretty，my Chinese friends just laugh at me.And whenever they tell me about someone they think is attractive，I just end up shrugging in confusion. All these ideas about what is beautiful and what is not are programmed into us by the media.We?ve all been raised on television to believe that one day we?d all be models， movie stars， or rock stars.But we won?t in fact.You need to forget what society tells you is pretty and let yourself be the judge on what is attractive and what is not.
I will never understand why people in China don?t find freckles attractive.As an American I think freckles on girls are very sexy and make them unique.Why would you ever just want to look like everybody else？It?s these little differences that make us who we are and make us special. So，be yourself，wear your freckles with confidence and pride， be a confident and happy girl. Yours， Sara
copyright ©right 2010-2020。