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人教版八年级英语下册重点句型短语


Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、重点短语 1. have a fever 发烧 3. have a toothache 牙疼 5. drink enough water 喝足够的水 7. have a stomachache 胃疼 9. have a sore throat 喉咙痛 11. hot tea w ith honey 加蜂蜜的热茶 13. get an X-ray 拍 X 光片 2. have a cough 咳嗽 4. talk too much 说得太多 6. have a cold 受凉;感冒 8. have a sore back 背疼 10. lie down and rest 躺下来休息 12. see a dentist 看牙医 14. take one’ s temperature 量体温

15. put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药 16. feel very hot 感到很热 18. all weekend 整个周末 20. go to a doctor 看医生 22. on the side of the road 在马路边 24. without th inking twice 没有多想 26. have a heart problem 有心脏病 28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于 30. save a life 挽救生命 32. right away 立刻;马上 34. get out of 离开;从……出萍 36. put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎 38. feel sick 感到恶心 40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖 42. have problems breathing 呼吸困难 44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事 46. so that 以便 48. be in control of 掌管;管理 17. sound like 听起来像 19. in the same way 以同样的方式 21. go along 沿着……走 23. shout for help 大声呼救 25. get off 下车 27. to one’ s surprise 使....... [京讶的 29. in time 及时 31. get into trouble 造成麻烦 33. because of 由于 35. hurt oneself 受伤 37. fa ll down 摔倒 39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血 41. put her head back 把她的头向后仰 43. mountain climbing 登山运动 45. run out (of) 用完;用尽 47. so. . . that 如此… …以至于… 49. in a difficult situation 在闲境屮

50. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事 51. make a decision 做出决定 52. take risks 冒险 53. give up 放弃

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二、重点句型 1. What’ s the matter? What’ s the matter with you?= What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you? 2. What should she do?她该怎么办呢? Should I take my temperature?我应该量一下体温吗? 主语+ should/shouldn’t + 动词原形. .. ①You should lie down and rest.你应该躺下休息一会儿。 ② You shouldn’ t go out at night.你晚上不应该出去。 3. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? 你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢? 4. I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving. 我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。 5. She said that the man had a heart problem andshould go to the hospital Unit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks. 一、重点短语 1. Clean-Up Day 清洁日 3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难 5. care for 关心;照顾 7. at the age of 在......岁时 9. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振雀 11. come up with 想出;提出 13. make some notices 做些公告牌 15. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力 17. hand out 分发;散发;发给 19. put off 推迟;延迟 21. raise money 筹钱;募捐 23. give away 赠送;捐赠 25. be similar to 与……相似 2. an old people’s home 养老院 4. used to 曾经… 过去_ 6. the look of joy 快乐的表情 8.clean up 打扫(或清除)干净 10. give out 分发;散发 12. make a plan 制订计划 14. try out 试用;试行 16. put up 建造;举起;张贴 18. call up 打电话;召集 20. for example 比如;例如 22. take after 与......相像;像 24. fix up 修理;修补;解决 26. set up 建立;设立
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你怎么了?

27. disabled people 残疾人 29. be able to 能够 二、重点句型

28. make a difference 影响;有作用 30. after-school reading program 课外阅读项目

1. The boy could give out food at the food bank. 这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。 2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. 清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。 3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturday morning. 每周六上午,他都在一'家动物医院当志愿者。 4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteer after-school reading program. 去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者的选拔。 5. you can see in th e ir eyes that they’ re going on a different journey w ith each new book. 从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每本不同的新书之旅。 6. I want to put off my plan to work in an animal hospital until next summer. 我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。 7. Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs to make lots of money. 现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。 8. You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky. 在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥有“幸运儿”。

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room? 重点短语 go out for dinner 出去吃饭 go to the movies 去看电影 work on 从事 clean and tid y 干净整洁 take out the rubbish 倒垃圾 sweep the floor 扫地 clean the livng room 打扫客厅 stay out late 在外面待到很晚 get a ride 搭车 finish doing sth. 完成做某事 do the dishes 洗餐具 fold your/the clothes 叠衣服

make your/the bed 整理床铺 no problem 没问题
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welcome sb. 欢迎某人 throw down 扔下 come over 过来 all the time 一直;总是 do housew ork 做家务 walk away 走开 a com fortable home 一个舒适的家

come home fro m school/ work 放学/下班回家 sit down 坐下 take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步 all day/evening 整曰/夜 shout back 大声回应 .share the housework 分担家务 in surprise 惊讶地

get som ething to drin k 拿点喝的东西 watch one show 观看一个节目 hang out 闲逛 lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人 hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事 pass sb. sth. 把某物传给某人 get sth. wet 使某物弄湿 do chores 做杂务

help sb. (to ) d o /with sth?帮助某人干某事 bring a tent 带顶帐篷来 go to the store 去商店 make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 awaste of time 浪费时间 get good grades 取得好成绩 depend on 依赖;依靠 buy some snacks 买些小吃 invite sb. to a party 邀请某人参加聚会 enough stress 足够的压力 in order to 为了 mind doing sth. 介意做某事 look after/take care of 照顾;照看

develop children ’ s independence 发展孩子的独立性 do one’ s part in (doing ) sth.做某人分内的事 二、重点句型 1. Could you please…..do sth. ? Could you please clean your room?你能整理一下你的房间吗? 2. I have to do some work.我必须干些活。 3. Could I+ do sth. ? Could I use your computer?我可以用一下你的电脑吗? 4. She won’ t be happy if she sees this mess.如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不 高兴的。 5. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I.

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整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。 6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the TV . 我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。 7. hate + ( to do/ doing) sth. I hate to do chores.我讨厌做杂务。 Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents? 一、重点短语 1. have free time 有空闲时间 3. hang out with sb. 与某人闲逛 2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 4. after-school classes 课外活动课

5. get into a fight with sb. 与某人吵架/打架 6. until midnight 直到半夜 7. talk to sb. 与某人交谈 9. study too much 学得过多 11. write sb. a letter 给某人写信 13. surprise sb. 令某人惊讶 15. be angry with sb. 生某人的气 17. work out 成功地发展;解决 19. fight a lot 经常吵架/打架 21. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 23. so that 以便 25. all the time 一直 27. make sb. angry 使某人生气 8. too many 太多 10. get enough sleep 有足够的睡眠 12. call sb. up 打电话给某人 14. look through 翻看 16. a big deal 重要的事 18. get on with 和睦相处 20. hang over 笼罩 22. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 24. mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事 26. in future 今后 28. worry about sth. 担心某事

29. copy one’ s homework 抄袭某人的作业 30. be oneself 做自己 31. family members 33. give sb. pressure 给某人施压 35. compete with sb. 与某人竞争 37. get better grades 取得更好的成绩 39. learn exam skills 学习应试技巧 41. cause stress 造成压力 32. spend time alone 独自消磨时光 34. have a fight with sb. 与某人吵架 36. free time activities 业余活动 38. give one’ s opinion 提出某人的观点 40. practice sports 体育训练 42. cut out 删除

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二、重点句型 1. I studied until mid night last night so I did n’t get enough sleep. 我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。 2. Why don 't you forge t about it? 你为什么不忘掉它呢? 3. Although she ’ s wrong , i t ' s not a big deal. 虽然她错了,但这并不是什么大事儿。 4. He should talk to his friend so that he can say h e’s sorry. 他应该跟朋友谈谈以便他能说声对不起。 5. May be you could go to his house. 也许你可以去他家。 6. I guess I could, but I don’t want to surprise him. 我想我可以.但我不想让他感到惊讶。

Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came? 一、重点短语 1. make sure 确信;确认 3. fall asleep 进人梦乡;睡着 5. wake up 醒来 7. break.. . apart 使……分离 9. at the time of 当.......时候 11. take a hot shower 洗热水澡 13. pick up 接电话 15. in the area 在这个地区 17. by the side of the road 在路边 19. walk by 走路经过 21. hear the news 听到这个消息 22., important events in history 历史上的重大事件 23., for example 例如 25., over 50 5 0 多(岁) 24., be killed 被杀害 26. a school pupil 一个小学生
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2. beat against... 拍打… … 4. die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐消失 6. in a mess 一团糟 8. in times of difficulty 在困难的时候 10. go off (闹钟)发出响声 12. miss the bus 错过公交车 14. bring... together 使……靠拢 16. miss the event 错过这个事件 18. the Animal Helpline 动物保护热线 20. make one’s way to. ?. 在某人去……的路上

27. on the radio 通过广播 29., more recently 最近地;新近 31., take down 拆除;摧毁 33., remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 二、重点句型

28., in silence 沉默;无声 30., the World Trade Center 世贸中心 32., have meaning to 对……有意义 34., at first 首先;最初

1. — What were you doing at eight last night?昨晚 8 点你在干什么? — I was taking a shower.我在洗淋浴。 2. When it began to rain, Ben was helping his mom make dinner. 当开始下雨的时候,本正在帮他妈妈做晚饭。 3. — What was Jenny doing while Linda was sleeping? 琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在干什么? — While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helping Mary with her homework. 琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在帮玛丽做作业。

Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains 一、重点短语 1. work on doing sth. 致力于做某事 3. once upon a time 从前 5. make sth. happen 使某事发生 7. the journey to sp. ......之旅 9. put on 穿上 11. keep doing sth. 坚持做某事 13. instead of 代替;反而 15. get married 结婚 17. at other times 在另外一些时候 19. come out (书、 电影等)出版 2. as soon as ...... 一……就….... 4. continue to do sth. 继续做某事 6.try to do sth. 试图做某事 8. tell the/a story 讲故事 10. a little b it 有点儿 12. give up 放弃 14. turn .. . into 变成 16. the main character 主要人物; 主人公 18. be able to 能;会 20. become interested in. ? ? 对……感兴趣

21. walk to the other side 走到另一边去 22. a fairy tale 一个神话故事 23. the rest of the story 故事的其余部分 24. leave sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事 25. make a plan to do sth. 筹划/计划做某事 26. go to sleep 去睡觉 27. lead sb. to sp. 把某人领到某地 28. get lost 迷路
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29. change one’s plan 改变计划 31. in the moonlight 在月光下 33. the next day 第二天 二、重点句型 1. W hat do you th in k about/of.. . ?

30. tell sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事 32. find one’ s way home 找到某人回家的路 34. send sb. to sp. 派某人去某地

So what do you th ink about the story of Yu Gong? 你觉得愚公的故事怎么样? 2. It doesn’ t seem adj . to do sth ..

I t doesn’ t seem very possible to move -a mountain. 把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。 3. This is because... This is because he can make 72 changes to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects. 这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出 72 种变化,可以将自己变成不同的动 物或东西。 … so… th a t+从句 Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear. 有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。 5. It take sb. some time to do sth .. Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side. 这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。 6 .… not.. .. util 十从句 Don’ t eat it until you get to the forest.你们到达森林之后才能吃。

Unit 7 W hat’s the highest mountain in the world? 一、重点短语 1. as big as 与……一样大 2. one of the oldest countries 最古老的国家之一

3. feel free to do sth. 随意地做某事 4. as far as I know 据我所知
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5. man-made objects 人造物体 7. the highest mountain 最高的山脉

6. part of... ...... 的组成部分 8. in the world 在世界上

9. any other mountain 其他任何一座山 10. of all the salt lakes 在所有的咸水湖中 11. run along 跨越… … 13. take in air 呼吸空气 12. freezing weather ?冰冻的天气 14. the first people to do sth. 第一个做某事的人 16. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

15. in the face of difficulties 面临危险

17. achieve one’ s dream 实现某人的梦想 18. the forces of nature 自然界的力量 19. reach the top 到达顶峰 21. at birth 在出生的时候 20. even though 虽然;尽管 22. be awake 醒着

23. run over with excitement 兴奋地跑过去 24. walk into sb. 撞到某人 25. fall over 摔倒 27. every two years ?每两年 29. endangered animals 濒危动物 31. be in danger 处于危险之中 32. the importance of saving these animals 拯救这些动物的重要性 二、重点句型 1. It is -\~adj. + (fo r sb. ) to do sth. It is also very hard to take in a ir as you get near the top. 当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。 2. . . . is because... One of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties.其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。 3. . . . show(s) that... The spirit of these climbers shows us that weshould never give up tryin g to achieve our dreams. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应该放弃实现自己的梦想。 4. How high/ deep/. . . is ... ? How high is Qomolangma?珠穆朗玛峰有多高? 5. Although. “ ,… 26. take care of 照顾;照料 28. cut down the forests 砍伐林木 30. fewer and fewer pandas 大熊猫越来越少

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Although Japan is older than Canada,it is much smaller. 虽然日本比加拿大有更悠久的历史,但是日本比加拿大小多了。 6. sb. spend tim e/money doing sth. Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating about 10 kilos of bamboo. 成年大熊猫一天要花 1 2 个多小时的时间吃大约

Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet? 一、重点短语 1. on page 25 在第 2 5 页 3. hurry up 赶快;匆忙 5. go out to sea 出海 2. the back of the book 书的背面 4. in two weeks 在两周之内 6. an island fu ll of treasures 一个满是宝藏的岛屿 8. finish doing sth. 做完某事

7. w rite about 写作关于……的内容

9. wait for another ship 等待另一艘船到来 10. learn to do sth. 学会做某事 11. grow fru its and vegetables 种水果和蔬菜 12. a few weeks ago 几个星期前 13. the marks of another man’ s feet 另一个人的脚印 14. not long after that 不久之后 16. use... to do sth. 用……来做某事 17. signs left behind by someone 某人留下的标记 18. read the newspaper 看报 20. can’ t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事 21. a good way to wake up 醒来的一个好办法 22. number of people 人数 24. study abroad 在国外学习 26. come to realize 开始意识到 23. used to do sth. (过去)常常做某事 25. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 27. ever since then 自从那时起 19. science fiction 科幻小说 15. run towards sp. 跑向某地

28. the southern states of America 美国的南部地区 29. belong to 属于 31. trust one another 互相信任 33. have been to sp. 去过某地 35. hope to do sth. 希望做某事 30. be kind to each other 善待彼此 32. the beauty of nature 大自然的美 34. do some research on sth. 对……做研究 36. see sb. do sth. 看到某人做某事

37. the first line in the song 歌曲的第一行
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38. enjoy success in 享受……的成功

39. at the end of the day 傍晚的时候

二、重点句型 1. Have you….. yet? — Have you read Little Women yet? 你读过《小妇人》吗? — Yes,I have. /N o , I haven’ t. 是的,我读过。/ 不,我没有。 2. Has... yet? — Has T in a read Treasure Island yet? 蒂娜读过《金银岛》这本书吗? — Yes, she has. She thinks i t ’ s fantastic. 3. Would you lik e ... ? Would you like something to drink? 4. I heard... I heard you lost your key. 我听说你丢钥匙了。 你要来点喝的吗? 是的,她读过。她觉得它很棒。

5. . . . came to realize how m uch... She came to realize how much she actually missed all of them. 她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。

Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum? 一、重点短语 at night 在夜晚 all year round 一年到头;终年

in a more natural environment 在一个更加自然的环境中 be far from 离……远 have been to sp. history museum in the dark 在黑暗中 science museum amusement park in the past 在过去 科学博物馆 游乐园

去过某地 历史博物馆 去不同的地方

go somewhere different take the subway 坐地铁

go skating 去滑冰 learn about sth.解有关。 。 。 。的情况

a great way to spend a Saturday afternoon 一个过周六下午的好方法 all the old movie cameras 所有的古老的电影摄影机 on the weekend 在周末 put up a tent 搭帐篷 camp in the mountains 在大山里露营 in such a rapid way 以如此迅猛的方式
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different kinds of 各种各样的 social groups 社会团体

development of toilets 厕所的发展 the tea art performances 茶艺表演

make a perfect cup of tea with beautiful tea sets 用漂亮的茶具沏一杯完美的茶 a nice place to enjoy tea thousands of 一个品茶的好地方 the Terracotta Army 兵马俑

数以千计的

International Museum of Toilets 国际厕所博物馆 Southeast Asia 东南亚 three quarters 四分之三 an English-speaking country 一个讲英语的国家 have problem doing sth. 做某事很困难 a couple of times 好几次 during the daytime 在白天 现在;目前 Night Safari 夜间动物园

right now

an amusement park with a special theme 一个有特别的主题的游乐园 walk around the park 在公园里到处走 take a ride 兜风 the Bird’s Nest 鸟巢 hear of 听说

another province 另一个省 encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事

on the one hand... on the other hand.一方面,另一方面

二、重点句型 1. Have you ever been to... ? Have you ever been to a science museum? 你曾经去过科学博物馆吗? 2. Let’s. 。 。 。 。 Let’s go somewhere different today.我们今天去个不同的地方吧。 3. It’s~\~adj. +that...

It‘s unbelievable that technology has progressed in such a rapid way! 科技以如此迅猛的方式发展真是令人难以置信啊! 4. Whether... , you,11...

Whether you like Indian food,Western food or Japanese food, you’ll find it all in Singapore! 不管你喜欢印度食品、 西方食品还是日本食品, 在新加坡你都能找到! 5. One great thing. . is that. .

One great thing about Singapore is that the temperature is almost the same all year
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round.新加坡一个很大的特征是它的气温几乎一年到头都是一样的。 It is best to do sth.. It is best to visit Singapore...最好……游览新加坡。

Unit 10 I ’ve had this bike for three years.
一、重点短语 these days 目前;现在 in order to 为了 in need 需要 welcome to sp_ 欢迎来到 … : board games 棋类游戏 junior high school 初级中学 no longer 不再;不复 part with 与……分开 . ride a bike 骑自行车 one’s old things 某人的旧东西 give away 捐赠 do with... 处置;处理 regard with great interest 以极大的兴趣关注着 so far 迄今;到现在为止 not.. anymore 不再…… check out 察看;观察 one last thing 最后一样东西 clear out 清理 toy monkey 玩具猴 to be honest 说实在的 have a yard sale 进行庭院拍卖会 bring back sweet memories 勾起甜美的回忆 play for a while 玩一会儿 search for work 找工作

for the last 13 years 在过去的 13 年里 the mid-20th century 20 世纪中期 according to 依据;按照 in my time 在我那个年代 二、重点句型 1. How long have you... ? How long have you had that bike over there? 那边的那辆自行车你买了多久了? 2. sb. has/have done sth. for... stay the same 保持原状 in one’s opinion 依……看

Amy has had her favorite book for three years.艾米拥有她最喜欢的书 3 年了。 3. sb. has/have done sth. since... He’s owned it since his fourth birthday. 自他 4 岁生日起,他拥有这个东西了。
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4. Some… Others... Some people still live in their hometown. However, others may only see it once or twice a year. 有些人仍然住在家乡。 然而, 另一些人可能一年只能回家乡一两次。 5. As for me, I did not want to give up my football shirts, but, to be honest,I have not played for a while now. 至于我,我不想放弃我的足球衣。但是,说实在的,我现在巳经有一段时间没有 踢(足球)了。 6. Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things? 你是否曾经想过要举办一个庭院拍卖会来出售东西? 7. What would you do with the money you raise? 你会怎么处理你所筹集到的钱?

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