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高中英语语法填空之介词


高考语法填空中 介词和介词短语 的应用

陕州中学

赵焕珍

The government should be of the people , with the people , by the people , and for the people .

连词

介词

/>
语法填 空
代词 冠词

The test analysis:
1.介词和介词短语是高考中的一个重要考 点,在连续两年的广东高考中都有两空是 专门考察介词的,占语法填空的五分之一。

2.介词和介词短语辨析是高频考点。

Exam outline interpretation:
1.表方位,时间的介词

2.表工具,手段,方式的介词
3.易混介词和介词短语辨析

Teaching aims:
1.让学生明确介词和介词短语在高考题型 中的考查方式,尤其是语法填空。

2.帮助学生加强对介词和介词短语的记忆 和运用,提高在语法填空中的解题能力。

本节课始终要思考的问题是:
1、什么情况下可能填介词? 2、应该填哪个介词?

考点击破
(The examination point to conquer)

at on 1 My uncle lives _____ 116 Changhe Street. His room is ___

the sixth floor.

相关知识整合:

表示地点时 at, in, on 的区别

★ at 表示在较小的地方(村庄, 小城镇,门牌); 在某物旁(不确定的地方) ★ in 表示在较大的地方(国家,城市); 在某物范围内.(地点

的排列顺序是由小到大.
★ on 表示在某物上(表面接触); road 前用on, street前用 in/on; 楼层用on; farm前用on, field前用in.

at 6:00pm, so I have to be at the station 2 .The train leaves ___ _____ 5:40 at the latest. by of cold ____ on a cold night. 3. The old man died ____

on April 4, 1985. 4. The railway was opened for ____ traffic ____

相关知识整合: 表示时间时 at, in, on的区别
★ at表示时间点(在几点,中午;午夜;夜里;某日期或一段时

间的开头或结尾)(at sunrise; at the weekend; at Christmas)
★ on 表示在特定的某一天或某天的上午,下午,晚上等

★ in 表示一段时间.后接月,年,季等表一段时间的名词.

5 His father will be back from London ____ in a few days. 6 --- How long has the bookshop been in business? since 1987. --- _____ for many years broke. 7 The touch they had both kept in ____

相关知识整合: 表持续时间since, for, in, after区别
★ since 接过去的某时间点, 常用于完成时. ★ for 接一段具体的时间, 常用于完成时. ★ in + 一段时间与非延续性动词连用,表一段时间以后,多 用于将来时; 与延续性动词连用,表一段时间内,时态不限. ★ after + 一段时间,常用于过去时.

in the south of China and Fujian is ___ on the east Guangdong lies ___ of it. Hainan is _____ off the coast of the mainland.

相关知识整合: 表方位介词in, on, to, off的区别
★ in 表示在境内.

★ on 表示相邻或在边界上, 不在境内.
★ to 表示在境外, 不接壤. ★ off 表示在海面上靠近海岸的地方.

9

________ the gate and you’ll find the entrance ___ Although to the

park ___ on the other side 10 Early ___ for the on the morning of May 1, we started off ___ mountain

相关知识整合: 表示运动方向或目的的介词
★ across 表示穿过物体表面,或横过. ★ through 表示在某一空间通过,或纵向穿过. ★ along 表示沿着一条线平行. ★ up 表示向上,由南到北,由东到西,由沿海到内陆,由小 地方到大地方,由农村到城市. 反之则用down. ★ to 表示动作的目的地; towards指朝向,无到达的意 思; for表示前往的目的,连用的动词有leave, start off, set out, head, sail 等.

Besides __________ basketball, I like playing Pingpang. but You have no choice _________ work hard. except for Li Long is a good student ________________ his laziness.

相关知识整合: 表示除---- 之外的介词
★ besides 表示包含, 除 --- 之外还有---

★ except 表示排除, 除 ---- 之外
★ but 表示排除, 多与nobody, none, no one, nothing, anything, everyone, all, who 等连用.

★ except for 表示除去整体中的部分, “只是, 只不过”

among 12 . He divided the sweets _____ the children who were divided ___ into three groups.

相关知识整合: 介词 among 和 between 的区别
★ among 表示三个或以上的人或物之间,后接复数名词或 集体名词. ★ between 用于两者之间, 或三个以上的两两之间(具体的 名词已经列出)

at We are flying _______ a speed of 400kms/hr. at I bought these books ______ 5 dollars each. for I bought these books _______ 30 dollars.
He is paid _______ the week.

by

by the dozen. Eggs are sold ______

相关知识整合: 表示价格,比率,标准,速度的介词
★ at 表示价值,价格, 比率或速度, 表单价.
★ for 表示交换, 指总价钱 ★ by 表示度量单位或标准. 后接表计量单位的名词一般是 单数,前面需加定冠词the. 数词或复数名词前不加.

介词与名词、动词、形容词等的搭配
How different my hometown is _______ what it was ten years ago! from

on physical scientists are convinced _____ of the positive effect of laughter ____ and mental health.

“介词+关系代词”在定语从句中的运用
from Beijing University ____________ with whom all of us are familiar will pay a The author _____ visit to our company.

分词形式的介词
此类介词常考的有:considering(就……而论); given(如果有……,考虑到……); including(包 括); concerning(关于)。 1: Considering __________ his old age, he is healthy enough.
2: Given _____ his support, I think we will win the election.

Do some drills :
1. Fred entered without knocking and, very out of breath, sank ______ into a chair. (安徽) 2. If you really have to leave during the by meeting, you’d better leave ______ the back door. (北京) by 3. A great man shows his greatness ______ the way he treats little men. (福建) 4. You have no idea how she finished the relay race ______ with her foot wounded so much. (福建)

Do some drills :
5. I like Mr. Miner’s speech; it was clear and ___________ the point. (辽宁) to 6. Let’s learn to use the problem we are facing as a stepping-stone to future success. (宁夏) ______ 7. Modern equipment and no smoking are two of the things I like ______ about working here. (全国Ⅱ) 8. I began to feel _________ home in the new at school when I saw some familiar faces. (山东)

Do some drills :
9. Elizabeth has already achieved success ______ beyond her wildest dreams. (陕西) 10. Everything was perfect for the picnic except for _________ the weather. (浙江) 11. This is a junior school. You should go to a senior school ______ for girls of your age. (北京) 12. Although _________ against my opinion, the old professor didn’t come up with his own. (福建)

Do some drills :
In 13. ______ the silence of the pauses, we could hear each other’s breathing and could almost hear our own heartbeats. (湖南) 14. Scientists are convinced ______ the positive of effect of laughter ______ physical and mental health. on (江西) 15. Experts have been warning ______ for some time of the health risks caused by passive smoking. (江西) for 16. The manager suggested an earlier date ______ the meeting. (全国I)

Do some drills :
17. Some people choose jobs for other reasons besides money these days.(全国II) _________ between 18. Some students often listen to music ______ classes to refresh themselves. (四川) 19. The open-air celebration has been put off because ______ the bad weather. (浙江) of 20. Sorry, Madam. You’d better come tomorrow beyond because it’s _________the visiting hours. (福建) beyond me why such things 21. It’s quite__________ have been allowed to happen. (安徽)

Do some drills :
22. —It’s a top secret. betweenyou —Yes, I see. I will keep the secret ________ and me.(上海) about how 23. People have always been curious ______ living things on the earth exactly began. (辽宁) 24. After the earthquake, the injured were cared ______ in the local hospitals or taken to the for hospitals in the neighboring cities. (江西) on 25. I would like a job which pays more, but ______ the other hand I enjoy the work I’m doing at the moment. (浙江)

介词在文段中的 运用

提高语感的唯一途径就是大声阅读原汁原味的英文

You can sit before the desk (or in front of the desk). The professor can sit on the desk (when he's being informal) or behind the desk, and then his feet are under the desk or beneath the desk. He can stand beside the desk (meaning next to the desk), before the desk, between the desk and you, or even on the desk (if he's really strange). If he's clumsy, he can bump into the desk or try to walk through the desk (and stuff would fall off the

提高语感的唯一途径就是大声阅读原汁原味的英文

Because he thinks of nothing except the desk, sometimes you wonder about the desk, what‘s in the desk, what he paid for the desk, and if he could live without the desk. You can walk toward the desk, to the desk, around the desk, by the desk, and even past the desk while he sits at the desk or leans against the desk. All of this happens, of course, in time: during the class, before

Fill the blanks with the proper prepositions:
Fathers Day occurs on the 3rd Sunday in June. The idea for creating a day for [1]______children to honor their fathers began in Spokane, Washington. A woman[2]______the name of Sonora by Smart Dodd thought[3] ______ the idea of for Father's Day while listening to a in Mother's Day sermon [4]______ 1909.

Having been raised [5]______ her father, Henry by Jackson Smart, after her mother died, Sonora wanted her father to know how special he was [6]______her. It was her father that made all the to in parental sacrifices and was,[7] ______the eyes of his daughter, a courageous, selfless, and loving man. Sonora's father was born in June, so she chose to hold the first Father's Day celebration [8]______ in Spokane, Washington [9]______the 19th of June, on 1910.

In 1924 President Calvin Coolidge announced as the third Sunday in June [10]______Father's Day. Roses are the Father's Day flowers.

Summary:
1.分析句子成分,确定是否要填介词
空格后是名词,代词或是动名词而且它们不是句 子的主语,也不是在动词后作宾语时,很可能是介词。

Summary:
2. 根据具体的语境,确定填哪个介词
(1)由介词短语与谓语的逻辑关系来确定

(2)由所处句型的特殊需要来确定。 (3) 由特殊的结构关系来确定,如能接复合宾语的 介词只能是with或是without 。 (4)考虑介词与前面的动词或名词之间的搭配关系 或者与后面名词之间的搭配关系来确定具体要填的介 词。

考点延伸:
1.介词的相关考点在短文 改错中的应用。

2.正确的介词辨析减少书 面表达中的错误。

Homework:
做《语法填空》第七节 介词部分 1——30题介词单句填空和第十九篇语法 填空。

Thank you !


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