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湖北省黄冈中学2012-2013学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题(word版有答案)


湖北省黄冈市黄冈中学 2013 年高一下学期期中考试

英语试题
第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节:多项选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. Some plants are very _________ to light. They pr

efer the shade. A. sensible B. sensitive C. suitable D. acceptable 22. He was in a hurry, so he told me that I had to do _________. A. in detail B. in brief C. in short D. in peace 23. Since you are an adult, you should be _________ of your parents’ help. A. energetic B. obvious C. independent D. religious 24. One day before Tomb Sweeping Day, people from all over this region came here to ________ the cherry blossoms. A. envy B. admire C. appreciate D. enjoy 25. He ________ on coffee and cigarettes, and ate a balanced diet. A. put down B. cut down C. put up D. cut up 26. He had his opponent (对手) _________ for evidence in a case. A. reacted on B. relied on C. depended on D. spied on 27. If you stand on the top of the mountain, you can get a better __________ of the city. A. view B. sigh C. sight D. scene 28. Every time our teacher began his lesson, my mind would begin to ________, not intentionally but habitually. A. wander B. decrease C. wonder D. respond 29. The talk between the two countries has started in a friendly _________ and hopefully an agreement will be reached. A. environment B. situation C. chance D. atmosphere 30. It’s believed that the strike (罢工) was ________ to British train service, because many people have refused to take a train ever since. A. beneficial B. necessary C. fundamental D. harmful 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I was in my first year in college, I heard Salome Bey sing for the first time. The moment was exciting. Salome’s I 33 31 filled the room and brought the theater to life. I was so 32 that I decided to write an article about her. Salome Bey, telling her that I was from Essence magazine, and that I wanted to 34 and told me to come to her studio next Tuesday. 35 I was lying. I was not a writer at all meet her to talk about her career. She and hadn’t even written a shopping list.
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When I hung up, I was scared out of my mind. I

I interviewed Salome Bey the next Tuesday. I sat there

36

, taking notes and asking 37 Salome Bey 38

questions that all began with, “Can you tell me…” I soon realized that was almost unbearable. I 39

was one thing, but writing a story for a national magazine was just impossible. The manuscript (手稿) into a large envelope and dropped it into a mailbox. It didn’t take long. My manuscript threw the unopened envelope into a desk. Five years later, I was moving to California. While Dear Ms Profit, Your story on Salome Bey is fantastic. Yet we need those and return the article immediately. We would like to Shocked, it took me a long time to lost years of 49 31. A. joy 32. A. proud 33. A. phoned 34. A. hesitated 35. A. discovered 36. A. seriously 37. A. blaming 38. A. hardship 39. A. struggled 40. A. disappeared 41. A. compete 42. A. ignore 43. A. decorating 44. A. disbelief 45. A. some 46. A. broadcast 47. A. recover 48. A. boring 49. A. success 50. A. attempt 48 47 45 46 43 40 . How stupid of me! I thought. How could I 42

for days with draft (草稿) after draft. Finally I put my 41

in a world of professional writers? Knowing I couldn’t

the rejection (拒绝) letter, I my apartment, I came across 44 :

the unopened envelope. This time I opened it and read the editor’s letter in

relevant materials. Please add your story soon.

. Fear of rejection cost me dearly. I lost at least

five hundred dollars and having my article published in a major magazine. More importantly, I writing. Today, I have become a full-time writer. Looking back on this 50 to doubt yourself. D. voice D. active D. interviewed D. paused D. wondered D. silently D. asking D. comment D. spied D. improved D. compare D. face D. leaving D. pain D. none D. judge D. focus D. enjoyable D. accident D. pretend B. happiness B. moved B. emailed B. refused B. knew B. nervously B. inviting B. failure B. settled B. spread B. solve B. deliver B. repairing B. anxiety B. little B. publish B. prepare B. endless B. experience B. expect C. speech C. satisfied C. visited C. agreed C. explained C. patiently C. fooling C. pressure C. spotted C. returned C. survive C. receive C. cleaning C. horror C. few C. create C. escape C. typical C. benefit C. afford , I learned a very important lesson:You can’t

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。
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A I was sleeping in my room when my bed started shaking and a loud noise was heard. I woke up and my mom was screaming my name. Next moment I was running along with my younger sister, mom and dad. Before I ran out of the door, I realized my elder sister hadn’t come out yet. So I screamed her name at the top of my voice. My mom said she had gone to her class. Then the four of us, along with many others, were running on the staircase. We lived on the seventh floor, so I thought we would not be able to make it and the building would fall before we managed to reach even the fourth floor. My dad’s head was injured by something falling down. I did try to put my hand over his head. When we reached the sixth floor, the building split into two. We had no way to get down. The next thing I remember is silence. There were around 30 people on the stairs and none could react. Five minutes later, someone opened the door of the sixth-floor flat. We all went in. We were wondering how we would get down. From the balcony (阳台) of the sixth-floor flat, I saw people standing on the ground floor. All eyes were stuck on us. I could see my elder sister crying. Our first hope of surviving came when a worker climbed a rope to where we were. That was the first time we thought maybe we could get down. Half an hour passed and we were still trapped. Finally RSS people arrived with ropes. They got people down one by one. My biggest worry was how my dad would get down. Finally after two and a half hours, we all got down. That day we saw the power of nature. It has taken more than two years to build the flats and it took just one and a half minutes to destroy the structure. 51. What is this passage mainly about? A. Ways to survive an earthquake. B. Reasons why earthquakes happen. C. The writer’s experience in an earthquake. D. The love of parents in an earthquake. 52. When the building split into two, the writer and his family _______. A. were trapped on the sixth floor B. were still sleeping C. were looking for a family member D. were running on the staircase of the seventh floor 53. The first time the writer thought they would probably survive was when ______. . A. he was encouraged by people on the ground floor B. someone opened the door of the sixth-floor flat C. RSS people arrived with ropes D. a worker climbed up on a rope 54. The earthquake made the writer realize that ________. . A. there is always hope for people B. natural disasters can happen any time C. the power of nature is really great D. human beings are strong in natural disasters B Let us suppose it is now about A.D.2060. Let's make believe it is about sixty years from now. Of course, things have changed and life is very different.

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Voyages to the moon are being made every day. It is as easy to take a holiday on the moon today as it was for the people in 1960 to take a holiday in Europe. At a number of scenic spots on the moon, many hotels have been built. The hotels are air-conditioned, naturally so that everyone can enjoy the beautiful scenery on the moon. Every room has at least one picture window. Everything imaginable is provided for entertainment of young and old. What are people eating now? People are still eating food. They haven't yet started to take on their supply of energy directly as electrical current or as nuclear power. Maybe they will some day. But many foods now come in pill form, and the food that goes into the pill continues to come mainly from green plants. Since there are several times as many people in the world today as there were a hundred years ago, most of our planet's surface has to be filled. The deserts are irrigated (灌溉) with water. Crops are no longer destroyed by pests. The harvest is always good. Farming, of course, is very highly developed. Very few people have to work on the farm. It is possible to run the farm by just pushing a few buttons now and then. People are now largely vegetarians (素食主义者). You see, as the number of people increased, the number of animals decreased. Therefore, the people have to be vegetarians and we are healthier in both our bodies and our minds, too, and we know the causes and cure of diseases and pain, and it is possible to get rid of disease. No one has to be ill any more. Such would be our life in 2060. 55. What are the hotels on the moon used for in 2060? A. Scientific experiments. C. Holiday people. B. People who have no houses. D. Astronauts.

56. About life in 2060, which of the following is WRONG? A. In the story, the population of the world has increased. B. A great number of people work on the farm. C. Voyages to the moon are being made every day. D. The food comes mainly from green plants. 57. According to the passage, why are people largely vegetarians? A. Because most people like vegetables better. B. Because there are no animals at all. C. Because people think meat is unhealthy. D. Because the number of people increased and the number of animals decreased. 58. According to the passage, what about the people's health in 2060? A. Because the people have to be vegetarians, they are very thin. B. The doctor don't know how to treat the diseases and pain. C. The people have no illness. D. The people are less healthier in our bodies than in our minds. C Do you ever wonder why the English have one word for some animals and a different one for their meat? Why do they use pig and pork, cow and beef, and sheep and mutton? To find out, we
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have to go back to 1066, when the Norman French invaded England and put a French king on the English throne(王位), which not only changed the government but also changed the language. French became the language of the upper classes of society. And it remained that way for 300 years. Only these high society people could afford to eat meat. As a result, French words like porc (pork) and beouf beef) came into the English language. However, poor English farmers raised ( the animals. So the English language kept the words pig and cow from the Native Anglo-Saxon. The Norman French added about 10,000 French words to the English language. Seventy-five percent of them are still in use today. According to language experts, English speakers who have never studied French may already know 15,000 French words! Between one-third and two-thirds of all English words have French origins. Some words such as “possible” and “avenue” are the same in French and English; only the pronunciations change. Other words such as “ballet” keep their French pronunciations in both languages. In French grammar, nouns have either a male or female gender(性别), so adjectives(形容 词) take different forms for each. English has only one adjective that does this, and it came from French. The word “blond” describes someone with light-colored hair. “Blond” is used for men, and “blonde” describes women. And they are also nouns. Some French words that entered the English language have completely different meanings. The French phrase “a la mode” means “in stlye”. In English, the phrase means “with the ice cream”. Someone must have decided something eaten with ice cream was in style! Now, as you learn English, you’re on your way to learning French! 59. French was once popular among the upper classes of the UK because_____. A. too many French moved to Britain B. French brought animals with them C. the king and his officials spoke French D. the king allowed French to be spoken 60. Why does an English speaker find French easy to learn? A. Because English and French share similar pronunciations. B. Because English grammar and French grammar are similar. C. Because a large number of English words have French origins. D. Because English has great influences on the French language. 61. French grammar is quite different from English grammar because ______. A. no words have the same pronunciation B. all words have the same pronunciation C. English nouns have a male or female gender D. French nouns have different adjective forms 62. What conclusion can we draw from the text? A. Language is closely related to history and culture. B. French and English words have nothing in common. C. Language is controlled by the upper classes of society. D. English combines French and the Native Anglo-Saxon. D I always wanted to fly a plane, but back to 1930s, it was almost impossible for a woman to do that. I tried it in 2001, when my husband arranged for me to ride in a hot air balloon for my birthday. But the experience was very boring. Around that time, I told my husband that I wanted to

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skydive. So when our retirement community announced that they were having an essay competition and the topic was an experience of a lifetime that you wanted to have, I decided to write about my dream. In the essay, I wrote about my wish to skydive, stating George Brush Sr. did it at the age of 80. Why not me? 1 was just 84 and in good health. A year went by and I heard nothing. But then at a community party, they announced that I was one of the winners. I just couldn't believe it. Encouraged by this, I decided to realize my dream, even though some of my family members and my doctor were against it. On June 11, 2010, nearly 40 of my family and friends gathered in the area close to where I would land. My instructor, Jay, guided me through the experience. The plane was the noisiest one I had ever been in, but I wasn't frightened -- I was really just looking forward to the experience. When we reached 13,000 feet, Jay instructed me to jump out of the plane. When we first hit the air, the wind was so strong that I cou