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Unit 4 Films and film events--Task [ty](ppt)


Task
Writing a speech about the film industry

General introduction:
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The Task is divided into three steps and each step is preceded with a skills building ac

tivity. Through the three steps, you will learn how to complete a quiz, how to listen for emphasis and how to use information from more than one source.

Skills building 1: completing a quiz
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should we do when we take a quiz? ? What steps we should take to make sure that we answer the questions correctly?

Step 1: completing a quiz about the film industry
Listen to two radio programmes discussing the early days of film. ? Read a web page about film facts. ? Use all of the information to complete a film quiz.
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Answers to part A: 1. The Lumière brothers. 3. Moving pictures. 4. London. 5. The speed, the sound and the color of the film. 8. In the theatre. 9. The Jazz Singer. 10. No idea.

Listen to another radio programme in Part B ? This time you will listen to some information about Hollywood, and you can use the information to answer some of the remaining questions on the quiz.
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Answers to part B: ? 7. The company with sound stages and the place where the company makes its films. ? 11. A few years. ? 12. Pre-production stage and postproduction stage.
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Read the web page in Part C to find the remaining information and finish the quiz. Answers: 2. He said, ‘Cinema… has no commercial future.’ 6. $10,000,000. 13. 20th Century Fox, Universal Studios, Warner Bros and MGM.

Skills building 2: listening for emphasis
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In the Grammar and usage section, we learnt how to emphasize some parts of sentences by adding some words or using certain sentence structures. Are there any other ways that we can emphasize some words or information, especially when we are speaking?

Step 2: asking and answering questions about Chinese films
work in pairs to conduct an interview about Chinese films ? asking and answering questions about Chinese film
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Skills building 3: using information from more than one source
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What will you do before you attend a speech or an essay competition? know what the subject of the competition is find out different aspects of the subject and write the draft do research on the aspects that you do not know

Review what you have learnt about the film industry in Steps 1 and 2. ? List the information you have already obtained. ? Think about what else you will need in making the speech or writing the essay for the competition.
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For example: The information I have already got: ? the first film-maker/ fathers of modern film; ? where the first film was made; ? the first studio in Hollywood; ? the title of the first ‘talking film’; ? the title of the first film made in China; ? the differences between old and modern films

The information I need to do research on: ? the titles of the best films in some famous film festivals this year; ? some famous actors/ actresses in Hollywood/ China

Step 3: writing a speech about the film industry
write a speech using information gathered in the previous steps. ? work in groups to discuss what you should write and how to write the speech
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Possible example
Ladies and gentlemen, What I want to talk about here is the history of the film industry. There are many firsts in the history of the film industry. Do you know when and where the first film was made? It was in the 1880s, more than 120 years ago, that William Friese-Green recorded and then played back what we now think of as a film. He made his film in Hyde Park, London, and later watched it in his home.

The fathers of modern film are thought to be the Lumière brothers from France. The first films ever made were silent. The audiences could hear different kinds of music played by a piano player or an orchestra in the theatre. It was not until in 1927 that the first ‘talking film’ or film with sound was shown in New York. The title of it was The Jazz Singer. Just imagine how audiences reacted when they watched the first film with sound! It is said that the audience was so excited that everyone in the theatre stood up and applauded.

In 1896, film was introduced to China. The first Chinese film ever made, Conquering Jun Mountain, was made in 1905. the first film made only by Chinese was The Difficult Couple, which was made in 1913. Then, about 18 years later, the first ‘talking film’ was made in China in 1931. The title of the film is The Songstress, Red Peony.

Although the first cinema that opened in the USA was in Pennsylvania, Hollywood is well known for film-making. Three quarters of the films seen around the world are made in the USA, and about ninety-nine per cent of them are made in Hollywood. The companies there make films in their studios. Do you know the name of the first studio that opened in Hollywood? It was Nestro Studios, which is now a part of Universal studios.

Language points
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1. When completing a quiz, you must be certain that all the answers you write are correct. (P58) completing 现在分词做状语,因句子的主 语是you, complete的逻辑主语也是you, 两者是主动关系。

练习
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When __________ different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. A. compared B. being compared C. comparing D. having compared

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certain adj. 肯定的,有把握的 1) Are you absolutely certain (that) you gave them the right number? 2) I feel certain (that) you’re doing the right thing. 3) You should make certain (that) everyone understands the instructions. 4) I’m not certain how much it will cost.

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2. You do not want the judge to misunderstand your answer because you have left out some words! (P58) leave sb./sth. out 遗漏,忽视 1) You can leave the butter out of this recipe if you’re on a low-fat diet. 2) I’ve made a list of names—I hope I haven’t left anyone out.

3. No figures are available for money made from popcorn sales, but film fans usually consume a lot of this salty snack, especially when watching a tense thriller. (P59)
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available adj. able to be obtained, used, or reached: Is this dress available in a larger size? Do you have any double rooms available this weekend? consume v. [T] 1) to use fuel, energy or time, especially in large amounts: Our high living standards cause our present population to consume 25 percent of the world’s oil. 2) to eat or drink, especially a lot of sth.: He consumes vast quantities of chips with every meal.

4. You have successfully entered the competition and want to include the information about the Chinese

film industry in your speech. (P60)
enter v. [I or T] to be included in a competition, race or exam, or to arrange for someone else to do this: Are you going to enter the photography competition? include v. [T] to contain sth. as a part of sth. else, or to make sth. part of sth. else: The bill includes tax and service.

5. Speech and essay competitions often require you to do research on many different aspects of a subject. (P61) require verb [T] to need or make necessary: require相关短语 ? require sth. 需要某物 ? require doing= require to be done 需要做 ? require sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 ? require sth. of sb. 要求某人某物 ? require that sb. should do 要求或命令某人做
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1. Look at your shirt! It requires __________. A. washing B. washed C. to wash D. being washed ? 2. He will agree to do what you require __________ him. A. of B. from C. to D. for
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aspect noun [C] 方面 1) Which aspects of the job do you most enjoy? 2) His illness affects almost every aspect of his life. 3) Have you thought about the problem from every aspect?

Homework
1. Finish your speech after class. 2. Prepare for the Project Part.


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