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人教新课标英语第一轮模块复习-必修一 Unit 1 Friendship[2]


Unit1

Friendship

6、set down 根据语境猜词义

(1) I have set_down everything that happened, exactly
as I remember it.

(2) The bus sets the children dow

n just outside the
school gate.

6、set down

根据语义找匹配
A. 放下;停车让乘客下车 B. 记下;写下

(1) B

(2)A

6、set down

短语
set about 着手做……;开始做……

set apart 使……分开;留出
set aside 把……置于一边;不顾

set off 动身;出发;引爆
set out 动身;出发;阐明; 着手做……;开始

做……

6、set down (1)你知道这些动词与down连用时的语义吗? put down; take down; break down;cut down; let down;keep down put down 放下,记下; take down 摘下; break down (机器)坏了;(人)累垮;cut down 砍伐(树木);削减; let down使……失望; keep down 压抑(感情);使 (经费)不增加。

6、set down (2)set about与set out都有“着手做……;开始做……” 的意思,你知道它们的区别吗?

set about中的about是介词,其后接v.ing形式;而set
out则需要接to do。

7、be tired of

根据语境猜词义

Although English is hard to learn, I'm not tired_of it.
On the contrary, I'm interested in it.

7、be tired of 根据语义找匹配:A. 厌烦;讨厌 B. 疲惫

A

短语
be tired of 讨厌……
be tired out 筋疲力尽

be tired from 因……而疲惫

7、be tired of

链接
tire v. (使……)疲劳;(使……)疲倦 tired adj. 疲倦的;困倦的;厌倦的;陈旧的

tiring adj. 令人疲劳的; 令人厌烦的
tiresome adj. 令人疲劳的; 令人厌烦的

7、be tired of

根据语境语义用恰当的介词或副词填空
I'm tired from the travel and I'm tired out, so I'm tired of travel.

8、get along with

根据语境猜词义
(1) How are you getting_along_with your study? (2) He is easy to get_along_with.

8、get along with

根据语义找匹配:A. 与……相处 B. 进展 (1) B (2) A

短语
get about 四处走动;传开 get across 传达;使……理解 get along/on (with) 进展,相处 get away 逃脱,设法离开 get back 恢复;回来;收回

8、get along with

短语
get down 记下;下来;下车;使……忧愁

get down to doing sth. 开始认真干某事
get in 收割;进入;被录取 get on 上车 get over 克服,成功应付;复原 get together 聚会;收集 get off 出发;下车 get out 泄露;逃离

get up 起床;组织,筹划

8、get along with 根据语境语义用恰当的介词或副词填空

(1)Don't get down the bus until it has stopped.
(2)I tried phoning her office, but I couldn't get through.

(3)Readers can get along very smoothly without knowing
the exact meaning of each word while reading

newspapers.

9、While_walking_the_dog,_you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. (P1) 遛狗时,你太粗心,狗扣松了而被车撞了。

While walking the dog我们把它称之为“连接词+ 非谓语动词”,根据现代语法理论,其非谓语动词的 选择不受连接词的限定,而是根据主语与其关系,即 主动,用v.ing形式;被动,用v.ed形式;如果非谓 语动词后有介词能构成 “be + 过去分词+介词”句 式的,就用v.ed形式。

单项填空 ( )(1) I won't go to the party unless______. A. invited B. inviting C. to invite D. invite

A

考查“连接词+ 非谓语动词”的用法。invite与
主语I是被动关系,用过去分词,所以答案是A。

(

)(2) (2009· 湖南)Every evening after dinner, if not ______ from work, I will spend some time walking my dog. A. being tired B. tiring C. tired D. to be tired

C

考查“连接词+ 非谓语动词”的用法。因非谓

语动词后有介词能构成 “be +tired+from”句式,

用过去分词,所以答案是C。

10、…one evening when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven in_order_to have a good look at the moon by myself. (P2)

在某个温馨之夜,为了能一个人好好地看看月
亮,我故意不睡直到十一点半。

in order to 所表达的是目的状语,表示“为了……” 之意。其否定式是in order not to do sth.,既可放在 句首,又可放在句中。 In order to catch up with his classmate as soon as possible, he works even harder. 为了能尽快地赶上同学,他学习更加刻苦了。 He set out early in the morning in order not to miss the early bus. 为了不错过早班车,他一大早就动身了。

链接
(1) in order that 与so that 引导的是目的状语从句,在 现代英语中,in order that 与so that没有太大的区别, 但so that还可以引导结果状语从句。 He spoke at the top of his voice at the meeting in order that/so that everyone present could hear him. (目的状 语从句)他在会上声嘶力竭地喊着以便所有在场的 人都能听到。 He spoke at the top of his voice at the meeting, so that everyone present heard him. (结果状语从句)他在会 上声嘶力竭地喊着结果所有在场的人都听到了。

根据括号中的汉语提示完成下列句子 (1) We must make the polluted water clean in order that it doesn't make the river polluted (为了不使河流受到 污染). (2) We work hard in order to pass the entrance exam/in order that we can pass the entrance exam (为了能通过 入学考试).

(2) in order that与in order to do sth.的关系 当主从复合句中的前后主语一致时,我们才可以使 用in order to do sth.句式,如题(2);否则必须使用

主从复合句,如题(1)。

辨析
in order to do sth./ so as to do sth. /to do sth. / so…as to in order to do sth. 既可位于句首,也可位于句中; so as to do sth.不能放在句首; to do sth.不用于否定概念。 In order to / To keep up with his classmates, he studies hard. He studies hard in order not to / so as not to fall behind. so…as to只表示结果,表示“到某种程度以至 于……”,否定形式为so…as not to。so后面接形容 词或副词。

运用以上短语完成下面的情景

After a day's hardworking, we went to bed early. We
were (1) so (2) as to fall asleep as soon as our heads

touch the pillows. (3) In order to finish the construction
in time, we made up our minds to work 12 hours a day, which is (4) such a tough job (5) that we felt it hard to hold on. Our boss employed another 2 workers yesterday, (6) so that tired we could have a better rest.

你知道当in order to do sth./ so as to do sth. /to do sth.结构同时出现在选项中,选哪个最保险吗?在书

面表达中,表示目的我们用哪个最不出错误呢?

in order to do sth.是表示目的的万能句式,它既
能放到句首,又能放在句尾,还能构成否定式,所

以使用它是最没问题的。

11、I didn't go downstairs until the window had to

be shut. (P2)
我一直等到非关窗不可的时候才下楼去。

(1) until既是介词又是连接词 I'll wait for him until midnight. (介词) I'll wait for him until he comes back. (连接词)

(2)主句是否定句的运用(注意句意变化) We discussed it until the manager came. 我们一直讨论到经理来。 We didn't discuss it until the manager came.

直到经理来我们才讨论。
We didn't stop working until the manager came.

直到经理来我们才停止工作。

当until意为“直到……才”时,主句就要用否
定句,而不是依据主句的动词是否是延续性动词。 当主句是延续性动词时,主句用肯定句,其意思是: 主句的动作一直延续到从句动词所发生的动作为止; 而使用否定句时,则表示从句的动作发生时,主句 的动作才开始发生。

(3)until后的时态问题 由于until引导的是时间状语从句,所以它的一般 将来时用一般现在时代替;过去将来时用一般过 去时代替;将来完成时用现在完成时代替。

He had left his key in the office. He had to wait
until his wife came.

Don't get off the bus until it has stopped.

(4) 这一句式的倒装问题 Not until he came back from Africa that year did he meet the girl he would like to marry. It was not until he came back from Africa that year

that he met the girl he would like to marry.
当not until在句首时,其主句应当使用倒装句;

而强调句则不倒装。

12、…it was the first time in a year and a half that

I'd seen the night face to face… (P2)
……这是我一年半来第一次目睹夜晚……

It/This is/was the first/second time that+主语+完 成时,表示“某人第一/第二次做某事”。

其完成时的选择依据主句的be动词是was,从 句的谓语用过去完成时had done;主句的be动词是

is,从句的谓语用现在完成时have done;主句的be
动词是will be,从句的谓语用将来完成时will have done。 — Can you tell me the way to the station? — Sorry, I'm a stranger here. This is the first time I have

come here.

你知道这一句型与“It's high/ about time (that)+ 从 句”的区别吗?在下列例句中体会。 It's the first time that I have gone to the school. It's high time that I went to the school.
“It's the first time that+从句”句型中从句的时态 是完成时,而“It's high/ about time (that)+ 从句” 句型中从句的时态是一般过去时或should do sth. 。

1. (2010· 全国Ⅱ) Though______to see us, the professor gave us a warm welcome. A. surprising C. surprised B. was surprised D. being surprised

C

考查非谓语动词。非谓语动词surprise与主语形

成了the professor was surprised to do sth.句式,所以
使用v.ed形式,因此答案为C。

While_walking_the_dog,_you were careless and it got
loose and was hit by a car. (P1)

(

)2. (2010· 江西)Not until he left his home ______ to know how important the family was for him. A. did he begin C. he began B. had he begun D. he had begun

A

考查倒装句。not until放在句首要用部分倒装形

式, begin发生在left之后或同时发生。

I didn't go downstairs until the window had to be shut.
(P2)

3. (2009· 陕西)This is the first time we ______ a film in the cinema together as a family. A. see C. saw B. had seen D. have seen

D

考查动词时态。the+序数词+time引导的时间状

语从句中动词时态用完成时,由参照动词is可知此 处用现在完成时,选D。

…it was the first time in a year and a half that_I'd_seen
the night face to face… (P2)


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