重要句型写出好作文（四） 虚拟语气 句型 31 （从句） + were/did If （动词的过去式） ， （主句） 主语 + would/might/should/could + do（表示对现在情况的假设） 英汉互译： 如果我是你，我不会如此自负。 ___________________________________
___________________________________ 如果我处在你的位置，我会好好考虑它。 _______________________________________________________________________ 句型 32 （从句） + had done, （主句） If 主语+ would/might/should/could +have done （表 示对过去或已经发生事情的虚拟假设） 互译： 真遗憾昨天你没有去听音乐会。如果你去了，就能见到那位著名歌手。
________________________________________________________________________ Anyone in his position would have done the same. =If anyone had been in his position, he would have done the same. ________________________________________________________________________ 句型 33 （从句）If + were/did（动词过去式）/were to do/should do， （主句）主语+ would/might/should/could + do（表示对将来的假设）
互译： If he should refuse (= If he were to refuse=If he refused), it didn’t matter at all. ________________________________________________________________________ 万一高考不中，你该怎么办？ ________________________________________________________________________ 句型 34 虚拟语气条件句的倒装 在虚拟条件句中，如果出现有 were, had, should，可以省去 if, 把这些词放在句 子前面，构成虚拟倒装句。 互译： Should he act like that again, he would be fined. ________________________________________________________________________ 昨天晚上要是医生及时到达，小孩就会得救。 ________________________________________________________________________ Were I to go to the moon one day, I would see it with my own eyes. ________________________________________________________________________ Had I enough money (= If I had enough money), I would buy a larger house. ________________________________________________________________________ 句型 35 if only 引起的感叹句，相当于 “How I wish + 宾语从句”，意思是“但愿??； 要是??就好了” 互译： 他 要 是 能 来 就 好 了 ！
____________________________________________________________________ 我 当 时 没 有 那 么 粗 心 就 好 了 ！
____________________________________________________________ 句型 36 if it were not for… (= were it not for…) if it hadn’t been for… (= had it not been for…)“要不是因为有??；如果不 是??” [注意]这种结构中不能用否定结构的缩写形式，即不能用 weren’t it for…） 互译： If it hadn’t been for (= Had it not been for) the determined captain, all the passengers on board wouldn’t have been saved.
_______________________________________________________________________ 要不是你父母有钱，你的生活不会如此安逸。 ________________________________________________________________________ 如果不是因为经费问题，我现在就出国了。 ________________________________________________________________________ 句型 37 “but for + 名词”和“but that +从句” ，意思是“倘若不是；要不是” ，接虚拟语气 互译： 如果没有空气和水，什么东西都难以生存。 ________________________________________________________________________ But for the storm, we should have arrived earlier.
= If it hadn’t been for the storm, we should have arrived earlier. ________________________________________________________________________ 要不是你的话，我们无法实施那项计划。 ________________________________________________________________________ 若非亲眼所见，她是不会相信的。 ________________________________________________________________________ 句型 38 在动词 insist（1 坚持做某事） ，order, command（2 命令）, advise, suggest, propose（3 建议做某事） ，demand, require, request, ask（4 要求）等表示建 议、命令、要求的名词性从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气。基本句型：主语+ (should) + 动词原形。另外像 decide, desire, intend, recommend 等也要接 (should)+动词原形结构。 互译： 妈 妈 坚 持 我 在 9 点 睡 觉
_________________________________________________________________ （宾语从 句） We suggested that the meeting (should) be held at once.
_____________________________________________ 庄 稼 被 要 求 立 即 收 获
____________________________________________________________（主语从句） The suggestion that he (should) be invited was rejected. （ 同 位 语 从 句 ） ______________________________________ 他 们 的 要 求 是 涨 工 资
____________________________________________________________________（表 语从句） [注意 1] advice, suggestion, order, demand, proposal, request, desire, command, decision, requirement 等名词引导的同位语从句或表语从句，谓语动词用 (should) + 动词 原形。 [注意 2] It’s suggested/ advised/ demanded/ordered/requested/proposed/required/desired 等结 构后的主语从句中，谓语动词用(should) + 动词原形。 [注意 3]suggest 意思是“表明，暗示；说明”时；insist 意思是“坚持观点，坚持看 法”时，句子不能用虚拟语气。 互译： He insisted that he was innocent.=He insisted on his innocence.
___________________________________________ 他 坚 持 说 没 有 做 错 事 情 。
___________________________________________________________________ Are you suggesting that I’m not suited for the
job?____________________________________________________ 脸 上 的 表 情 说 明 老 师 对 结 果 感 到 满 意 。
______________________________________________________________ 句型 39 It is necessary/important/natural/impossible/essential（基本的）等结构后的主语 从句中要用虚拟语气，即主语+(should)+动词原形
互译： It’s necessary that Tom take the exam first.
Tom______________________________________________________ 随着社会的快速发展，我们有必要精通英语和电脑。 ________________________________________________________________________ 句型 40 It’s strange/surprising/a pity/a shame/a surprise (that) … should do…should 表示“竟然” 互译： 很 遗 憾 她 错 过 了 机 会 。
__________________________________________________________________ It’s really surprising that a prophecy（预言）should coincide with the fact so exactly. ________________________________________________________________________ 奇怪的是他竟然没有通过考试。 ________________________________________________________________________ 第一节 情景作文（20 分）
注意：1.稿件的开头已为你写好。 2.词数不少于 60。 支 持 担 忧
迎合高考改革的需要 学生能获得更多机会 减轻家长和学生的压力
Recently I have joined in a discussion on the Internet about whether more MET opportunities should be provided each year.
第二节 开放作文 （15 分） 请根据下面提示，写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.
利弊说明段【示例一】 ① Recently the issue of whether or not ________（讨论话题）has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in the public. ② There are two major arguments that can be made for. ③ one thing, ________can bring ________to________ 优点一） For （ . ④ another, it is widely hold that people usually ________when ________（优点二）. For ⑤ But we must not lose sight of the fact that there are also drawbacks to ________ , among which are ________（列举缺点）. ⑥ instance, it can be ________to ________ For （举例说明）. ⑦ addition, many people find it ________（形容词）to ________（第 In 二个缺点）. 【示例二】 ① Some people are in favor of the idea of doing ________ （主题） ② . They point out the fact that ________（支持的第一个原因）. ③ They also argue that ________（支持的 另一个原因） There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. ⑤ .④ However, other people stand on a different ground. ⑥ They consider it harmful to do ________. ⑦ They firmly point out that ________（反对的理由）. 归纳结论段【示例一】 ① Judging from these figures, we can draw the conclusion that ________（得出结论）. ② The reason for this, as far as I am concerned is that ________（给出原因）.③ is high It time that we ________（发出倡议）. 参考例文 Recently I have joined in a discussion on the Internet about whether more MET opportunities should be provided each year. Of course, different people have different opinions on the issue. Some are in favor of this idea, while others express their worries about it. Those who are for this idea think that more test opportunities each year meets the need for MET reform. It allows students to have more chances and also helps reduce the stress of both parents and students. Those who feel worried believe that more test opportunities each year will add too
much of a burden to both students and teachers. Besides, it will be a waste of money, labor and other social resources. As far as I am concerned, the more chances the better. More test opportunities each year will improve the fairness of MET. 第二节 开放作文（15 分） In the picture, a man is rowing a boat with great difficulty. However, the water in the river is too shallow for the boat to move on. Obviously, it is difficult to move the boat no matter how hard he tries. The picture tries to convey the message that it is important to build a solid foundation if we want to succeed. We can learn this lesson in real life. Take study for example. If we don’t have basic knowledge and essential ability, we may fail to achieve our goals even if we work hard. Just like the man in the picture, he can’t move forward as expected because water is not deep enough for the boat. Therefore, a good foundation is the key to success.
1. 并列关系 and, furthermore, more than that, also, likewise, moreover, in addition, what is more, for instance, for example 2. 转折关系 although, however, on the contrary, but, in spite of, nevertheless, yet, otherwise, des pite 3. 顺序关系 first, second, third, and so on, then, after, before, next 4. 因果关系 as a result, for, thus, because, for this reason, so, therefore, as, since, consequently, on account of 5. 归纳关系 as a result, finally, therefore, accordingly, in short, thus, consequently, in conclusion, so, in brief, in a word 几个用得比较多的句子:
As far as I am concerned, the advantages of … outweigh its disadvantages.Neverth eless, the disadvantages of … is undeniable. To sum up/ In general/ On the whole/ In brief/ In short/ In a word, it is true that … bring about both positive and negative results. But we can try our best to reduce the n egative influence to the least extent. Obviously, in every aspect, … This diagram unfolds a clear comparison between…and… As to the other three, though the growth rates were not so high, they were indeed r emarkable and impressive. 英文作文中常用套句 下文中出现的 A,B, “...”(某事物), "sb"( somebody), 要在写作中要根据上下文进行适当替换. 开头: When it comes to ..., some think ... There is a public debate today that ... A is a commen way of ..., but is it a wise one? Recentaly the problem has been brought into focus. 提出观点: Now there is a growing awareness that... It is time we explore the truth of ... Nowhere in history has the issue been more visible. 进一步提出观点: ... but that is only part of the history. Another equally important aspect is ... A is but one of the many effects. Another is ... Besides, other reasons are... 提出假想例子的方式: Suppose that... Just imagine what would be like if...
It is reasonable to expect... It is not surprising that... 举普通例子: For example(instance),... ... such as A,B,C and so on (so forth) A good case in point is... A particular example for this is... 引用: One of the greatest early writers said ... "Knowledge is power", such is the remard of ... "......". That is how sb comment ( criticize/ praise...). "......". How often we hear such words like there. 讲故事 (先说故事主体),this story is not rare. ..., such delimma we often meet in daily life. ..., the story still has a realistic significance. 提出原因: There are many reasons for ... Why .... , for one thing,... The answer to this problem involves many factors. Any discussion about this problem would inevitably involves ... The first reason can be obiviously seen. Most people would agree that... Some people may neglect that in fact ... Others suggest that... Part of the explanation is ... 进行对比: The advantages for A for outweigh the disadvantages of...
Although A enjoys a distinct advantage ... Indeed , A carries much weight than B when sth is concerned. A maybe ... , but it suffers from the disadvantage that... 承上启下: To understand the truth of ..., it is also important to see... A study of ... will make this point clear 让步: Certainly, B has its own advantages, such as... I do not deny that A has its own merits. 结尾: >From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that ... In summary, it is wiser ... In short...
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