Practice: 选词填空 （ occupation, job, profession, work )
occupation a. Please state your name,age and_________ below. jobs b. I have a few _____ to do in th
e house this morning. work c. Looking after children all day is hard____
occupation n a job or employment 职业 taking possession 占有 occupation, job, work,和profession 辨析 四个词都有“工作”之意。 occupation 较为正式，经常用在填写表格上。 job是可数名词，可指工作职位 work是不可数名词，泛指一切工作。 profession一般指需要专门技能，尤指需要较高教育水 平的某一行业、职业，如医生或律师。
Can I go out on a story immediately? 我可以马上出去采访吗？ on 后接一些名词如visit, holiday, business, trip等，常 与come, go等动词连用，用来说明活动或状态。
她决定今年暑假去一趟英国。 on a visit She decided to go ______________ to England this summer. 他去了长途旅行。 on a long trip He has been away __________________ .
? experienced adj. 有经验的 ? 在你家谁有经验做饭？ Who is experienced in cooking in your family?
? ? ? ? ? ? ?
cover 1). She was sent to cover the event. ( 报道,采访 ) 2). The road was covered with snow. ( 覆盖 ) 3). She laughed to cover her worry. ( 遮盖 )
? 4). The army covered about 30 miles a day. ( ) 走完多少路 ? 5). Is the money enough to cover the cost of a new shirt?( （钱）够支付 ) ? 6). The city covers ten square miles. ? (有多少面积 ) ? 7). So far this month I have covered ten chapters. 看完多少页书 ) (
Later you can cover a story and submit the article yourself.
He submitted an essay to his tutor.
They refused to submit to the pressure.
submit还可以表示“屈服；顺从”。+ to/ oneself to / that如：
No need for a camera! 不需要带相机！ no need…是句型There is no need …的省略形 式，need 后面可以接for/of ( doing ) sth 或 ( for sb ) to do作后置定语。 介词填空： for a) There is no need ______ you to worry about the matter.
? be eager for sth. (eg. success) 渴望……，很 想…… ? be eager to do sth. 渴望做某事 ? be eager that clause ? 他很渴望见到他的女儿。 He was (is) eager to see his daughter ? _____________________________ 我们都很想那项工程早点开始。 We were eager that the project would start ? _____________________________________ early. ______________________
? ? ?
concentrate on/upon sth. /doing sth. 集中精力做…… ___________________________ concentrate on/ upon We should _____________________our study. concentrating/ed on/ upon ? Tom is _______________________fishing.
concentrate vt. to give all one’s attention to sth and not to think about anything else.集中 to come or bring together at one place 聚集 ※ concentrate on (doing) sth 专注于（做）某事 ※ concentrate the /one’s mind 集中注意力； 聚精会神 ※ concentrate one’s effort/attention on sth 集 中力量/注意力于某事 ※ concentration n. 专心；聚集 concentrated adj. 集中的，全神贯注的
完成句子： concentrate on your work a. Stop talking and ________________________ . ( 专心工作 ) b. You should concentrate your mind ( 集中注意 ____________________ 力 ). concentrate all my efforts on c. I decided to ________________________ ( 全力 以赴 ) finding somewhere to live.
Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know. 只有提很多不同的问题，你才能收集到你所需要 的信息。
放在句首的状语若由“only+副词”，“only+介 词词组”，“ only+状语从句”构成，可引起部 分倒装，即把助动词，情态动词或系动词be放在 主句之前。如：
Only then did I realize the importance of my health. 只是在那时我才认识到健康的重要性。 Only when the war was over in 1945 was he able to get back to work.
? have a nose for 对……嗅觉灵敏, 表示探查 或发现某事的能力。此类形象表达法还有： ? She has an ear for music. ( ) 对……有欣赏能力 ? She has an eye for color and style in clothes. ( ) 对……有眼光
? Don’t poke(戳；伸出) your nose into other people’s 管闲事，插手与己无关的事 business.( ) ? George turned his nose up at classical music.( 对……不屑一顾，看不起 ) ? Tell us what happened. We are all ears. ? ( 正在听着，洗耳恭听 ) ? He turned a deaf ear to what I said. ? ( 对……听不进去 ) ? Don’t tell him anything. He has a big mouth. ( ) 嘴不严
He A a good knowledge of English during his stay in England. A. acquired C. achieve B. obtain D. gain
? acquire v.多指经过努力逐步获得才能、知识、习惯等，也可用
于对财物等的获得，该词强调"一经获得就会长期持有"的含义。 ? It is through learning that the individual acquires many habitual ways of reacting to situations.正是通过学习，个人才得以获得应付各种 情况的习惯做法。
? obtain v.获得，买到，用于正式语体中。
? Have you obtained permission into the hall? ? gain v.指通过较大努力获得某种利益或好处；亦可指军事上的武 力夺取等。 ? An investor gains by buying stocks that go up in value.投资者通过所 买股票价格上涨而 得利润。
? achieve v.得到，获得，多指成就、目标、幸福的取得。 The
movie star achieved success and wealth.这个影星取得了成功和财 富。
? ? ? ? ?
meanwhile = meantime = in the meantime = at the same time 妈妈去购物，与此同时，我打扫房间。
? My mother went shopping. Meanwhile, I cleaned the house.
meanwhile, during, while 词义辨析
meanwhile意为“同时”,与at the same time 意思相同。意为“期间”时，是副词，在 句中单独做状语。 during 意为“在、、、期间”，是介词，后 接名词、代词。 while 意为“在、、、期间”，是连词，引导 时间状语从句。
This is a trick of the trade.
这就是我们这个行业的诀窍了。 tricks of the trade(内行人的)诀窍。另外还可 以表示吸引顾客，在竞争中取胜的手段或生 意经。如：
你要想自己做车行生意，最好向他讨教，他 对这行的诀窍完全清楚。 If you want to start your own car business, you should ask his advice. He knows all the tricks of the trade.
? Tom ____ his boss of having broken B his word. ? A. blamed B. accused ? C. charged D. scolded
accuse sb. of sth. 因某事指责/控告某人 ________________________= charge sb. with sth. ? 相同结构的有： remind sb. of sth. ? __________________ 提醒某人…… rob sb. of sth. ? ___________________抢了某人…… inform sb. of sth. ? ___________________通知某人… … cure sb. of sth. ? _________________ 治愈，治疗某人… warn sb. of sth. ? ________________警告某人……
accuse, charge, blame 词义辨析
accuse （指控 ）sb. of ( doing ) sth. charge ( 指控 ）sb. with ( doing ) sth.
accuse ( 指责 ）sb. of (doing ) sth. blame （ 责备 ）sb. for ( doing ) sth.
? 他被警察指控谋杀。 ? He was accused of murder by the police _________________________________.
? Have you ever had a case where somebody accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick？ ? get the wrong end of the stick ? 完全误解，弄错 ? 他完全搞错了。 got the wrong end of the stick ? He _____________________________ ___________.
so as to do sth. “为了……” 不能用在句首 = in order to do sth. 可放句子中任何位置 =so that + 从句 = in order that + 从句 句型转换 : I got up at five so as to catch the train I got up at five in order to catch = __________________________ the train. I got up at five so that I could catch the =_________________________________________ _______________ train.
我买了些牛肉和蔬菜，为的是给晚饭做个汤 ? I bought some beef and vegetables _________________________________ so as to make a soup for dinner. ? I bought some beef and vegetables _________________________________ in order to make a soup for dinner ? I bought some beef and vegetables _________________________________ so that I could make a soup for dinner ? I bought some beef and vegetables _________________________________ in order that I could make a soup for dinner
…the man was supposed to bribe him… be supposed to do 应当，认为必须 be supposed to have done 表示理应做过某事，（但可能没做） 他大约一小时后到。 He___________________ in about an hour. is supposed to be here 杰克现在应当完成工作了。 is supposed to have finished the Jack_________________________________ _____________________. work.
E1,2 on P63 Dictation
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