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必修五第四单元Language Points


Language Points

Practice: 选词填空 ( occupation, job, profession, work )

occupation a. Please state your name,age and_________ below. jobs b. I have a few _____ to do in th

e house this morning. work c. Looking after children all day is hard____

Language points
occupation n a job or employment 职业 taking possession 占有 occupation, job, work,和profession 辨析 四个词都有“工作”之意。 occupation 较为正式,经常用在填写表格上。 job是可数名词,可指工作职位 work是不可数名词,泛指一切工作。 profession一般指需要专门技能,尤指需要较高教育水 平的某一行业、职业,如医生或律师。

Can I go out on a story immediately? 我可以马上出去采访吗? on 后接一些名词如visit, holiday, business, trip等,常 与come, go等动词连用,用来说明活动或状态。

Practice:
她决定今年暑假去一趟英国。 on a visit She decided to go ______________ to England this summer. 他去了长途旅行。 on a long trip He has been away __________________ .

? experienced adj. 有经验的 ? 在你家谁有经验做饭? Who is experienced in cooking in your family?

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

cover 1). She was sent to cover the event. ( 报道,采访 ) 2). The road was covered with snow. ( 覆盖 ) 3). She laughed to cover her worry. ( 遮盖 )

? 4). The army covered about 30 miles a day. ( ) 走完多少路 ? 5). Is the money enough to cover the cost of a new shirt?( (钱)够支付 ) ? 6). The city covers ten square miles. ? (有多少面积 ) ? 7). So far this month I have covered ten chapters. 看完多少页书 ) (

Later you can cover a story and submit the article yourself.
晚些时候,你就可以独自去进行新闻采访并 递交稿件了。

submit在这句话种表示“递交;呈送”。如:
He submitted an essay to his tutor.

They refused to submit to the pressure.
submit还可以表示“屈服;顺从”。+ to/ oneself to / that如:

No need for a camera! 不需要带相机! no need…是句型There is no need …的省略形 式,need 后面可以接for/of ( doing ) sth 或 ( for sb ) to do作后置定语。 介词填空: for a) There is no need ______ you to worry about the matter.

? be eager for sth. (eg. success) 渴望……,很 想…… ? be eager to do sth. 渴望做某事 ? be eager that clause ? 他很渴望见到他的女儿。 He was (is) eager to see his daughter ? _____________________________ 我们都很想那项工程早点开始。 We were eager that the project would start ? _____________________________________ early. ______________________

? ? ?

concentrate on/upon sth. /doing sth. 集中精力做…… ___________________________ concentrate on/ upon We should _____________________our study. concentrating/ed on/ upon ? Tom is _______________________fishing.

concentrate vt. to give all one’s attention to sth and not to think about anything else.集中 to come or bring together at one place 聚集 ※ concentrate on (doing) sth 专注于(做)某事 ※ concentrate the /one’s mind 集中注意力; 聚精会神 ※ concentrate one’s effort/attention on sth 集 中力量/注意力于某事 ※ concentration n. 专心;聚集 concentrated adj. 集中的,全神贯注的

Practice:

完成句子: concentrate on your work a. Stop talking and ________________________ . ( 专心工作 ) b. You should concentrate your mind ( 集中注意 ____________________ 力 ). concentrate all my efforts on c. I decided to ________________________ ( 全力 以赴 ) finding somewhere to live.

Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know. 只有提很多不同的问题,你才能收集到你所需要 的信息。

放在句首的状语若由“only+副词”,“only+介 词词组”,“ only+状语从句”构成,可引起部 分倒装,即把助动词,情态动词或系动词be放在 主句之前。如:

Only then did I realize the importance of my health. 只是在那时我才认识到健康的重要性。 Only when the war was over in 1945 was he able to get back to work.

只是在1945年战争结束后他才得以回去工作。

? have a nose for 对……嗅觉灵敏, 表示探查 或发现某事的能力。此类形象表达法还有: ? She has an ear for music. ( ) 对……有欣赏能力 ? She has an eye for color and style in clothes. ( ) 对……有眼光

? Don’t poke(戳;伸出) your nose into other people’s 管闲事,插手与己无关的事 business.( ) ? George turned his nose up at classical music.( 对……不屑一顾,看不起 ) ? Tell us what happened. We are all ears. ? ( 正在听着,洗耳恭听 ) ? He turned a deaf ear to what I said. ? ( 对……听不进去 ) ? Don’t tell him anything. He has a big mouth. ( ) 嘴不严

He A a good knowledge of English during his stay in England. A. acquired C. achieve B. obtain D. gain

? acquire v.多指经过努力逐步获得才能、知识、习惯等,也可用
于对财物等的获得,该词强调"一经获得就会长期持有"的含义。 ? It is through learning that the individual acquires many habitual ways of reacting to situations.正是通过学习,个人才得以获得应付各种 情况的习惯做法。

? obtain v.获得,买到,用于正式语体中。
? Have you obtained permission into the hall? ? gain v.指通过较大努力获得某种利益或好处;亦可指军事上的武 力夺取等。 ? An investor gains by buying stocks that go up in value.投资者通过所 买股票价格上涨而 得利润。

? achieve v.得到,获得,多指成就、目标、幸福的取得。 The
movie star achieved success and wealth.这个影星取得了成功和财 富。

? ? ? ? ?

meanwhile = meantime = in the meantime = at the same time 妈妈去购物,与此同时,我打扫房间。

? My mother went shopping. Meanwhile, I cleaned the house.

meanwhile, during, while 词义辨析

meanwhile意为“同时”,与at the same time 意思相同。意为“期间”时,是副词,在 句中单独做状语。 during 意为“在、、、期间”,是介词,后 接名词、代词。 while 意为“在、、、期间”,是连词,引导 时间状语从句。

This is a trick of the trade.
这就是我们这个行业的诀窍了。 tricks of the trade(内行人的)诀窍。另外还可 以表示吸引顾客,在竞争中取胜的手段或生 意经。如:

你要想自己做车行生意,最好向他讨教,他 对这行的诀窍完全清楚。 If you want to start your own car business, you should ask his advice. He knows all the tricks of the trade.

? Tom ____ his boss of having broken B his word. ? A. blamed B. accused ? C. charged D. scolded

accuse sb. of sth. 因某事指责/控告某人 ________________________= charge sb. with sth. ? 相同结构的有: remind sb. of sth. ? __________________ 提醒某人…… rob sb. of sth. ? ___________________抢了某人…… inform sb. of sth. ? ___________________通知某人… … cure sb. of sth. ? _________________ 治愈,治疗某人… warn sb. of sth. ? ________________警告某人……

accuse, charge, blame 词义辨析

{ {

accuse (指控 )sb. of ( doing ) sth. charge ( 指控 )sb. with ( doing ) sth.

accuse ( 指责 )sb. of (doing ) sth. blame ( 责备 )sb. for ( doing ) sth.

? 他被警察指控谋杀。 ? He was accused of murder by the police _________________________________.

? Have you ever had a case where somebody accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick? ? get the wrong end of the stick ? 完全误解,弄错 ? 他完全搞错了。 got the wrong end of the stick ? He _____________________________ ___________.

so as to do sth. “为了……” 不能用在句首 = in order to do sth. 可放句子中任何位置 =so that + 从句 = in order that + 从句 句型转换 : I got up at five so as to catch the train I got up at five in order to catch = __________________________ the train. I got up at five so that I could catch the =_________________________________________ _______________ train.

我买了些牛肉和蔬菜,为的是给晚饭做个汤 ? I bought some beef and vegetables _________________________________ so as to make a soup for dinner. ? I bought some beef and vegetables _________________________________ in order to make a soup for dinner ? I bought some beef and vegetables _________________________________ so that I could make a soup for dinner ? I bought some beef and vegetables _________________________________ in order that I could make a soup for dinner

…the man was supposed to bribe him… be supposed to do 应当,认为必须 be supposed to have done 表示理应做过某事,(但可能没做) 他大约一小时后到。 He___________________ in about an hour. is supposed to be here 杰克现在应当完成工作了。 is supposed to have finished the Jack_________________________________ _____________________. work.

Homework

E1,2 on P63 Dictation


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