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祈使句变间接引语


祈使句祈使句的作用是要求、请求或命令、劝告、建议别人做或不做 一件事。 变为间接引语 祈使句变为间接引语时应注意的几个 问题 祈使句变间接引语, 通常将 say 改为 ask 或 tell、order 等动词,构成 ask(或 tell 或 order)sb.to do sth.结构 。原祈使句如果是否定的,要在不定式结构 前加 not。 原祈使句中如果带有 please 一词, 间接引语中亦不再使用 。例如: “Please open the window,”he said. He asked me to open the window. He said,“Don't do that again.” He told me not to do that again.

以 Let 开头的祈使句变为间接引语时, 有下列几种形式: 1)Let's 如果表示某种建议, 变间接引语 时,要用“suggest+动名词”或“suggest+ 宾语从句”结构(从句谓语用 should+动词原 形)。例如: Our teacher said,“Let's go boating together.” Our teacher suggested going boating together. Our teacher suggested that we (should) go boating together. 2)Let 祈使句作“允许、同意”解,变 间接引语时,可按一般祈使句变间接引语的 规律进行。例如:

“Let her come with me, mother. I'll take good care of her.”said Tom. Tom asked his mother to let her go with him and promised to take good care of her. 2) Let him(或 them)表示“建议”时,其间 接引语用应 suggest + 动名词复合结构或 suggest( 或 say)+ 宾 语 从 句 ( 从 句 谓 语 用 should + 动词原形)。 Mother said,“Let him go to school.” Mother suggested his going to school. Mother suggested that he (should) go to school. 4)Let's not 单独用来回答一个肯定的建 议时,其间接引语一般使用 be against?或 oppose the idea 等短语

。例如: “Let's sell the old car and buy a new one,”said Peter. “Let's not,”said Mary. Peter suggested selling the old car and buying a new one,but Mary was against it.


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