甘肃兰州一中 2013—2014 学年度上学期期末考试高一英语试题 说明：本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分，满分 100 分，考试时 间 100 分钟。答案写在答题卷（卡）上，交卷时只交答题卷（卡） 。 第I卷 I.单选填空（共 20 小题，每题 1 分，计 20 分） 1.Animals are obviously ______ lower form
of life than ______ human beings. A.a; the B.不填； 不填 C.a; 不填 D.the; the 2.In summer I often rub sun cream on my face, which ______ a lot of things to help me not to get sunburnt. A.selects B.contains C.admits D.includes 3.The naughty boy was sitting at the desk, ______ hard when the teacher came into the classroom. A.pretended to study B.pretending to be studying C.pretending to study D.pretended to be studying 4.It must have taken a long time to ______ all the facts of these old books. A.take apart B.watch over C.break up D.dig out 5.American women usually identify their best friend as someone ______ they can talk frequently. A.who B.about whom C.that D.with whom 6.Our government took action right away after the terrible weather disaster, leaving the nation ______. A.in return B.in case C.in relief D.in practice 7.—The telephone is ringing. --I ______ answer it. A.am going to B.am to C.am about to D.will 8.We must be aware that we shouldn’t waste anything. ______, we shouldn’t waste time. A.After all B.Above all C.In all D.All in all 9.So far every possible means ______ to save the rare plants. A.was tried B.were tried C.has been tried D.have been tried 10.He is always busy with his research work so the films aren’t _________ to him. A.sensitive B.familiar C.similar D.limited 11.______ life pace continues to speed up, we are quickly losing the art of enjoyment. A.With B.When C.As D.While 12.—Were you pleased to see your old friend? --______ pleased, even excited. A.More than B.No more than C.More or less D.Other than 13.With no rain for three months, and the food supplies running out, the present ______ here is getting worse and worse. A.case B.condition C.state D.situation 14.The tall man ______ the car to stop by raising his hand. A.let B.signaled C.fancied D.removed 15.—What has Johnson been doing recently? --I don’t know, ______ care. A.nor am I B.nor I do C.neither do I D.neither am I 16.—Shall we take a trip to the Great Wall this afternoon?
--Sorry. I won’t have any time. I _______ an important experiment then. A.will have been doing B.will be doing C.will be done D.will have done 17.It was reported that a chemical factory had ______ last night, which killed______ thirty workers. A.cracked; about B.ruined; around C.explored; some D.hurted; or so 18.The popular song ______ on the radio interests everybody present. A.playing B.played C.is played D.has been played 19.Believe it or not, riding a bicycle is ______ as any other to lose unwanted weight. A.a way so good B.as a good way C.as a way good D.as good a way 20.—Do you enjoy your present job? --______. I just do it to earn my living. A.Of course B.Not really C.Not likely D.Not a little II．完形填空（共 20 小题，每题 1 分，计 20 分） It was a dark day, one of depression, sorrow and anger. As I climbed out of the 21 , after witnessing my time in the 100 yard freestyle, I did not feel like speaking to anyone. I saw the bright smiles of swimmers who had just 22 a best time. 23 , I had failed. Or at least that is what I thought at the time. I was lying on my cool bed when an idea 24 my head. Success is the 25 to go from failure to failure without 26 your enthusiasm. At practice the next day, I told my swimming teammates about my goal time and they all either laughed or replied with a 27 similar response like, “You can’t do it” or “Probably not”. Believe it or not, these are the responses that made my goal 28 . Finally came the day when I had to 29 to myself and others that with 30 there is no limit to your achievements. With the starting gun 31 , I dove with perfect form into the pool. I felt the cool water running 32 my back. I swam like a fish, bouncing off each 33 at the wall as if it was a spring board. On the 34 turn, I came back to the wall with every piece of strength I had, I 35 the final wall with my fingertips and knew that I had swum the 36 race. I had done it! I had achieved my best time! Joy filled my 37 like water does a cup. I saw the 38 on all of my friends’ faces as I 39 out of the pool: their jaws dropped to the ground. I began to laugh and gave them thumbs up. I have 40 in life that having belief in yourself opens all gates. Never forget that anything the mind can conceive and believe it can achieve. 21.A.pond B.sea C.pool D.bed 22.made B.achieved C.reached D.realized 23.A.Otherwise B.However C.Besides D.In addition 24.A.occurred B.broke C.stuck D.hit 25.A.oppotunity B.action C.cause D.ability 26.A.keeping B.losing C.reducing D.decreasing 27.A.somehow B.somewhat C.anyhow D.however
28.A.magical B.reasonable C.confident D.achieveable 29.A.promise B.provide C.present D.prove 30.A.consideration B.impression C.belief D.desire 31.A.setting out B.going off C.breaking out D.getting off 32.A.through B.above C.across D.to 33.A.turn B.jump C.struggle D.shoot 34.A.next B.previous C.very D.last 35.A.pushed B.reached C.got D.touched 36.A.whole B.perfect C.first D.best 37.A.heart B.head C.mind D.face 38.A.expressions B.emotions C.feelings D.reeponse 39.A.ran B.climbed C.stood D.jumped 40.A.gained B.dreamed C.learned D.remembered III.阅读理解（共 15 小题，每题 2 分，计 30 分） A If there is one thing I’m sure about, it is that in a hundred years from now we will still be reading newspapers. It is not that newspapers are a necessity. Even now some people get most of their news from television or radio. Many buy a paper only on Saturday or Sunday. But for most people reading a newspaper has become a habit passed down from generation to generation. The nature of what is news change. What basically makes news is what affects our lives—the big political stories, the coverage of the wars, earthquakes and other disasters, will continue much the same. I think there will be more coverage of scientific research, though. It’s already happening in areas that may directly affect our lives, like genetic(基因)engineering. In the future, I think there will more coverage of scientific explanations of why we feel as we do—as we develop a better understanding of how the brain operate and what our feelings really are. It’s quite possible that in the next century newspapers will be transmitted(传递)electronically from Fleet Street and printed out in our own home. In fact, I’m pretty sure that how it will happen in the future. You will probably be able to choose from a menu, making up your own newspaper by picking out the things you want to read.—sports and international news, etc. I think people have got it wrong when they talk about competition between the different media. They actually feed off each other. Some people once foresaw that television would kill off newspaper, but that hasn’t happened. What is read on the printed page lasts longer than pictures on a screens or sound lost in the air. And as for the Internet, it’s never really pleasant to read something just on a screen. 41.What is the best title for the passage? A.The Best Way to Get News B.The Changes of Media C.Make Your Own Newspaper D.The Future of Newspapers 42.In the writer’s opinion, in the future, ______. A.more big political affairs, wars and disasters will make news B.mewspaper will not be printed in publishing houses any longer C.newspapers will cover more scientific research D.more and more people will watch TV 43.From the passage, we can infer ______. A.newspapers will win the competition among the different media
B.newspapers will stay with us together, with other media C.television will take the place of newspapers D.the write believe some media will die out 44.The phrase “feed off” in the last paragraph means ______. A.compete with B.depend on C.fight with D.kill off B Charlie, a master carpenter, was very well respected in his community. Everyone knew that if he wanted the best, he should call on him. Of course that meant that Charlie would never be rich. His fellow carpenters always told him that if you used inferior(较差的)materials and cheap labour than you could make a lot of money. Charlie would not hear of it. One day, John, the richest man in town came to Charlie. He said that he had just bought the piece of land in town. It overlooked the entire city. He was going to Europe for 4 months and wanted Charlie to build him the best house in town. “Spare no expense and give me the best.” Charlie thought about this and decided finally he would make some money. He did not get his usual great carpenters and fine materials from his normal supplies. He built the house and covered up the flews(瑕疵). After 4 months he spent about 50% of what he usually spent on a house. John came back from Europe and immediately called Charlie and asked him to meet him at the house. When they met, John asked him if he had used the finest materials and spared no expense. Charlie, then told him that he knew he was not rich and had always struggled. So he wanted to reward Charlie for all of his years of service to the community by giving Charlie this house. There are many times in our lives where we let down a little bit. When you do, you never know what is going to happen. 45.From the third paragraph we can learn ______. A.Charlie did as the rich man told him B.the house was well built C.Charlie kept some of the money to himself D.the house was only half finished after 4 months 46.When Charlie heard that he would be given the house, he must have left ______. A.happy B.regretful C.lucky D.satisfied 47.What can we learn from the passage? A.A good carpenter shouldn’t earn money from his labour. B.A carpenter shouldn’t earn a rich man’s money. C.The richest man often punished carpenters. D.One should always be honest C Every parent knows it’s important to have good communication with their teens—actual conversations with plenty of back and forth. The problem, of course, is that most teenagers don’t like to talk to their parents. I usually, we’re at fault. We can’t just let them talk. There are far too many important life lessons to impart(传授). It might go something like this: Jacques and his father are riding in the car. Out of the blue Jacques starts talking. I’ve been thinking. I don’t know, maybe I’m going to become an airplane pilot. Or maybe I’ll work at Burger Barn and always live at home with you and mom. Or maybe…” “You know, Jacques, you’re going to have to start thinking seriously about what you want to do.
You’re going to be out of high school in a couple years.” “What is his problem?” Jacques says to himself.” “I was trying to tell him what I’m thinking about, but all he wants to do is to give me another lecture.” Jacques and his father sit without speaking for the rest of the drive. Our comments worries, warnings and lessons—they seem important. We want to guide our kids down the best possible path. And if we hear something from them that seems to beg for our important guidance, how can we not give it? But often the only thing that our advice accomplishes is to kill the conversation. When they talk freely, it is like a tiny flame that we should try to keep alive, fanning it gently to keep it going. When they were little kids, we couldn’t stop them talking, but not much skill is required to get a second grader to tell you about his day. The solution seems so simple. All you have to do is shut up. Stick to innocuous comments like,” You think so?” or “Really?” or repeat a brief version of what you said. 48.What does the author intend to say in the passage? A.Shut your mouth and listen to your teens. B.Make a good plan for your child in time. C.Learn how to teach your child to communicate. D.Make proper comments on your child’s behaviour. 49.The author takes Jacques and his father as an example ______. A.to show parents are at fault when talking with kids B.to imply Jacques’s father isn’t a good father. C.to indicate communication is hard to go on D.to show Jacques’ father is absorbed in diving 50.If you let your child talk freely, ______. A.your advice will stop your conversation B.your child will hare his soul to you C.your worries will disappear forever D.your child will become independent 51.What does the underlined word “innocuous” in the passage mean? A.Harmless B.Impolite C.Unbelievable D.Helpful D For many old persons, just walking across a room can consume them of all their energy for the day. In hot weather, they may not even make them out of bed. Learning to conserve energy is not a complicated process, yet it can make a world of difference. Learning to perform tasks efficiently and to minimize energy expense requires mental organization. Before an elderly person gets up and does something, the needs to stop and think about what else she can do at the same time. For example, getting dressed in the morning could require several trips to the closet. She should stop and think about all the things she needs to gather from the closet. She should gather them all at once instead of getting clothes out, putting them on, then going and getting a belt and looking for shoes. Going in and out of the closet several times requires a lot of activities and energy: gathering all of the items at one time and dressing in order can take a few simpler steps. Grooming(梳洗)can be scattered by first brushing her teeth, then getting dressed, then going back to the bathroom and washing her face and combing her hair. They should perform all tasks in
one location and then move on to the next area and tasks. Make sure they take a break and rest between tasks. When cooking, they should gather supplies at one time, perform the work, and then put away what is no longer needed. They should cook the food, sit down to eat, and then clear up. There are many other aspects of energy conversation, including breathing techniques and rest and relaxation tips. Rearranging space such as kitchen-chained contents and household furniture can be helpful in making energy conversation work more efficiently. 52.What is the main idea of the passage? A.Advice on how to conserve energy. B.Tips on what to do with the elderly. C.Help to be done for the old people. D.Daily affairs happening to the elderly. 53.What is the function of the third paragraph? A.To show how hard an elderly person works. B.To prove mental organization is effective. C.To imply elderly persons need timely help. D.To prove we are into an aged society now. 54.When an elderly person is doing her grooming, she should ______. A.perform all the tasks in a hurry B.leave out some of the activities C.finish all the tasks in one place D.groom while making a meal 55.The passage is probably taken from ______. A.Journal of Environment and Health B.Family Care and Life Magazine C.Sports and Environment Magazine D.Interview and News Report 第 II 卷 IV.单词拼写（共 10 小题，每小题 0.5 分，计 5 分） 56.To our surprise, unexpected difficulties ____________________ （出现）in the course of our experiments. 57.I would __________ (感激) it if you could give me this chance. 58.The dog had such __________________ (忠诚) to his master that it would not leave him, even when he was dead. 59.Too much drinking will be ____________________(有害) to your health. 60.The research report ____________________ (值得) careful consideration. 61.Many people trust Jack and think highly of him, but ______________(就个人而言), I think he is actually dishonest. 62.Listen! The Jazz music that Mr Brown introduced to us yesterday is being _____________________(广播). 63.Zebras have some black and white lines beneath their _________________(肚子). 64.The president is ____________________ (视察) their school and talking with the teachers and students. 65.The number of the ____________________(濒临危险) animals is decreasing year by year. V.短文改错（计 10 分） Peter Judd joined in the army when he was eighteen, and for several months he was teaching how to be a good soldier. He did quite well in everything besides shooting. One day he and his friends were practising their shooting, and both all of them were doing quite well except Peter. After he
has shot at the target nine times and had not hit it once, the officer was trying to teach the young soldiers to shoot said, “You’re quite hopeless. Peter! Don’t waste your last bullets, either! Go behind that wall and shoot you with it! Peter felt ashamed. He went behind the wall, and a few seconds late, the officer and the other soldiers heard the sound of a shot. And Peter was all right. “I’m sorry, sir.” He said, “but I missed again.” VI.书面表达（计 15 分） 假设你是 James, 你的加拿大笔友 Jessie 想了解一下你将要参加的 2014 年全国英语夏令营 （English Summer Camp）的有关信息，请你根据下面的海报给她写一封信，谈谈有关情况 和活动意义，并邀请她参加你们的活动。 活动地址：甘肃兰州 时间：2014 年 7 月底，共 4 天 参加人员：来自全国各地的英语爱好者：中、美、英、澳四国的英语老师 活动内容：举行英语演讲比赛。交流学习英语经验，观看学生表演，游览兰州等。 注意：1.内容必须包括以上提供的内容要点，可以适当增加细节，使内容连贯； 2.词数 100 左右。 Dear Jessie, Nice to hear from you again! _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ Best wishes! Yours truly James
参考答案 I.单选填空（共 20 小题，每题 1 分，计 20 分） 1—5 CBBDD 6—10 CDBCB 11—15 CADBC 16—20 BCBDB II．完形填空（共 20 小题，每题 1 分，计 20 分） 21—25 CBBDD 26—30 BBDDC 31—35 BCADD 36—40 BAABC III.阅读理解（共 15 小题，每题 2 分，计 30 分） 41—44 DCBB 45—47 CBD 48—51 AABA 52—55 ABCB IV.单词拼写（共 10 小题，每小题 0.5 分，计 5 分） 56.arose 57.appreciate 58.devotion 59.harmful 60.deserves/deserved 61.personally 62.broardcast 63.stomachs 64.inspecting 65.endangered V.短文改错（计 10 分） 1.去掉 in 2.teaching 改为 taught 3.besides 改为 except 4. 去掉 both 5.has 改为 had 6.was 前加 who 7.bullets 改为 bullet 8.shoot 后的 you 改为 yourself 9.late 改为 later 10.And 改为 But VI.书面表达（计 15 分）
Dear Jessie, Nice to hear from you again! As you know, I’m going to spend this summer vacation in a four-day English Summer Camp to be held in Lanzhou at the end of July, 2014. Many other English lovers from high schools all over the country will go to the Camp as well. Some English teachers from China, England, Australia and the USA will also join us. In the Camp, we will have some English speaking competitions, watch some wonderful performances given by the students, and, of course, visit some great scenic attractions in Lanzhou, Gansu Province. Besides, we will exchange our English learning experience and talk about our cheerful school life in English. I think the summer camp would greatly improve my spoken English and I would make some new friends there. I do hope you will come and join us. Best wishes! Yours truly James
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