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book 5 module 4 carnival Grammar


Grammar Review of the Passive Voice

被动语态在不同时态中的形式
一般现在时: am/is /are+过去分词 e.g. The Olympic Games are held every four years. 奥运会每四年召开一次。

一般过去时: was/were+过去分词 e.g.

The fire which lasted three hours was

put out finally.
持续了三个小时的大火终于被扑灭

了。

一般将来时: will/shall+be+过去分词 e.g. More roads will be built to solve the

problem of traffic jams.
更多的路将被建成来解决交通堵塞

问题。

现在进行时:

am/is/are+being+过去分词
e.g. Wait a moment. Lunch is being cooked. 请稍候。午饭正在做。

过去进行时: was/were+being+过去分词

e.g. The wolf was being hunted
everywhere. 狼正在到处被追赶。

现在完成时: has/have+been+过去分词

e.g. A lot has been done to protect the
environment.

已经做了许多事情来保护环境。

过去完成时: had been+过去分词 e.g. The fire had been put out before the firefighters arrived.

在消防队员来之前, 大火已被扑灭。

情态动词的被动: can/may/must/have to+be+过去分词 e.g. These goods must be sold out today. 这些货物今天必须被卖掉。 A mistake may be made in this plan. 在这个计划里或许犯了一个错误。

The sports meet has to be put off

because of the rain.
由于大雨, 运动会被迫取消。

当强调动作的执行者时, 使用“by+
动执行者”的短语。

e.g. The vase was knocked off the table
by the cat.

主动形式表示被动意思
The book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。 The baby needs/wants/requires looking after. (to be looked after.) 这个婴儿需要被照顾。

说明主语的特征时, 及物动词用作不 及物, 不用被动。 This kind of apples sell well. 这种苹果卖的好。

The door shuts easily.
这个门很容易关上。

常用的一些被动结构 be stationed in/at…
be married to…

be engaged to…
be faced with…

be seated in/at…
be lost in…

Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.
1. The police will arrest the thieves. The thieves will be arrested by the police. 2. They built the airport during the war. The airport was built during the war.

3. They have offered me a large sum of money to go away. I have been offered a large sum of money to go away. 4. I can hear passing plane night and day.

Passing plane can be heard night and
day.

5. They must have lost your letter in the post. Your letter must have been lost in the post.

Translation
1. 湿木头不易着火。

Wet wood won’t catch fire.
2. 这台洗衣机需要修理了。

The washing machine needs/wants/
requires repairing/to be repaired.

3. 他坐在房间的后面。 He was seated at the back of the room. 4. 我们学校教英语。 English is taught in our school. 5. 这些问题得用英语回答。 These questions have to be answered in English.


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