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John Bunyan&Dryden


John Bunyan(1628-1688)
1. His life 2. The Pilgrim’s progress

Allegory: It is a fictional literary narrative or artistic expression that conveys a symbolic meaning parallel to

but distinct from, and more important than the literal meaning. Allegory has also been defined as an extended metaphor. The symbolic meaning is usually expressed through personifications and other symbols.

Significance of The Pilgrim’s Progress
?

The most significant thing is that the satires in the book are centered upon the ruling class. Especially well-known are the descriptions of Vanity Fair and of the experience of Christian and Faithful in it, for here Bunyan not only gives us a symbolic picture of London at the time of the restoration but of feudalbourgeois society in general where all things are bought and sold(including honors, titles, kingdoms, lusts, pleasures and lives) and where cheating and roguery, murders and adultery are normal.

Bunyan’s writing style
1. Bunyan wrote in a simple but lively and vivid prose style. Everyday idiomatic expressions were used naturally and forcefully, and his knowledge of the translations of the Bible also helped him to introduce the biblical language into his own direct and uninvolved way of expression.

2. In “The Pilgrim’s Progress”’, his narrative method is a straightforward one, but the detail chosen are usually very commonplace yet extremely colorful, and his skill in picking out the right words and phrases adds to the artistic effect of the descriptive and narrative passages in the story. His simple, unaffected language of the common people, and his details taken from ordinary circumstances of ordinary life are largely responsible for the moderns of his prose as we read it today.

Exercise:
ⅠFill in the blanks 1. The Glorious Revolution in ____ meant three things: the supremacy of ____, the beginning of ____, and the final triumph of the principle of ____. 2. Milton and Bunyan represented the extreme of English life in the 17th century. One gave us the only epic since ____, the other gave us the only great ____.

ⅡDefine the following literary terms blank verse conceit allegory Ⅲ Answer the following question Give a brief analysis of Satan, the central figure in Paradise Lost

John Dryden
The most distinguished literary figure of the Restoration Period. He was a poet, playwright and critic. ? He was a prolific writer. His most famous play: All for Love His most famous prose: An Essay of
?

Dramatic Poesy

? 1. 2.

3.

Dryden’s contribution to English literature In poetry, Dryden set an enduring style with his neat “heroic couplets” In prose, Dryden established the neoclassical standards of order, balance and harmony. He raised English literary criticism to a new level.


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