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选修7 Unit1 知识点汇总


选修 7 Unit 1 living well 知识点汇总 I 重点单词 1.ambition n. 野心;雄心 full of ambition 野心勃勃 achieve one’s ambition 实现夙愿 ambitious adj.有雄心的;野心勃勃的 be ambitious for sth/to do sth 对(做)某事怀有雄心/热切的希望 (1)I am ___

____________________________ (热切希望能成功) in life. (2)His _____________________________(要 做首相的雄心) is likely to be realized. (3)Finally he ________________________ (实现梦想)through years of hard work. 2.suitable adj.适合的;适宜的 be suitable for/suited to …适合于。。 。 be suitable to do sth 适合做某事 (1) 我们什么时候见面合适呢? ___________________________________? (2) 我没有适合在聚会上穿的衣服。 _____________________________________. 3.beneficial adj 有益的;受益的 benefit n. 利益, 好处 vt. 有益于, 有助于 vi be beneficial to… 对…有益 be of benefit to… 对…有益 for the benefit of=for one’s benefit 为了… 的利益 (1) 均衡饮食有益于健康。 _____________________________________. (2)We should spend the money on sth that will ____________________________________. (大家都能受益的) (3)We ________________________(很受益) taking daily exercises. (4)His mother lost her life _____________________.(为了银行的利益) 4. adapt to 适应于。。 。 adapt oneself to …使自己适应于。。 。 adapt sth from… 根据…改编某物 adapt sth for sb. 改编…使某物适合 介词填空: (1)The play is adapted _______ a novel. (2)This book is adapted _______ beginners.

(3)When you go to a new country, you must adapt yourself ____ new customs. (4)Novels are often adapted ______ the stage, television and radio. (5)(2009.浙江高考) The good thing about children is that they ______easily to new environment. A. adapt B. adopt C.adjust D.appeal

5.annoy sb vt. 使…不悦;惹恼某人 annoyed adj. 颇为生气的 annoying adj. 恼人的 be annoyed with sb 生某人的气 be annoyed at / about sth. 对…感到生气 (1)你又一次上课迟到使老师很恼火。 _____________________________________. (2) 他对自己如此容易屈服很生气。 _____________________________________. (3) 她对她儿子的行为相当恼火。 _____________________________________. 6.conduct n.行为;品行;v.指导/管理/实施 a. The guide conducted us around the ruins of ancient city.______________________. b.The music group ___________________(由 王老师指挥) Mr.Wang. c. Mum always tells me _________________ (行为得体)in public. d. A middle-aged banker has been fined 200 for violent conduct on a train.___________ e. The material conducts electricity better than others do . _________________ f. We are conducting a survey of consumer attitudes towards organic food. 7.resign vi.辞职;辞去 resign one’s post /position 辞去职务 resign from… 从。。辞职 。 resign oneself to (doing) sth 使自己安于 (做) (1)He ______________________( 辞 职 了)because he had been offered a better job. (2)He ________________( 明 确 表 示 ) that ___________________________( 他 不 会 从 政界隐退) politics.

(3)He has __________________________(使 自己接受事实) that he will lose his job. 8.congratulate vt. 祝贺;庆贺 congratulate sb.on sth 就某事祝贺某人 =offer /send congratulations to sb on sth (1)祝你喜获千金! __________________________________. (2)We____________her_________________ _______(赢得了比赛)。 (3)We had a party to ________________(庆 祝)my parents’ silver wedding. 9. be adequate for… 对。。来说是足够的 。 be adequate to do sth 足以干/胜任某事 (1)The parking places ________________ (足以停放)100 cars. (2) 你的薪水够你一个人生活吗? ___________________________________? (3)She proved _____________________(胜 任此项工作) 10.access n 方法 通路 可接近性 have access to … 有权进入;有权接触 get/gain access to … 到达,接近。。 。 accessible adj. 可接近的/可进入的/可使用 (1)___________________________(到镇上 的唯一通路) is across the bridge. (2)He managed _______________________ (设法进入) through an upstairs window. (3) Students may _____________________ (自由使用) the library. (4) 这个小岛只能坐小船去。 ___________________________________. (5) The results of the exam _____________. (其他人无法知道). II.重点短语。 1.in other words 换而言之 keep one’s words 履行诺言 in a word 总而言之 have a word with sb 与某人谈谈 have words with sb 与某人吵架 2.cut out 切去;省略;停止(做某事) cut off 切断;断绝 cut down 砍倒;削减;缩短 cut in 插嘴;突然插入

cut up 切碎; (1)You should _______________________. (删掉文章的第二部分)。 (2)Let’s__________________ (停止谈话)and get back to work. (3)The water supply __________.(已被切断) (4)My doctor has told me _______________________.(减少盐的摄入). (5)I wish you __________________(别插嘴) on our conversation all the time. 3. breathe vt.呼吸 breath n. 呼吸;气息 out of breath 上气不接下气 hold one’s breath 不出声;屏息 take a deep breath 作一次深呼吸 take sb’s breath away 使某人大吃一惊 lose one’s breath 喘不过气 (1).I was all____________________ when I got to the top of the mountain. (2).We ____________________ while Mr Evans read the exam results. 4. 选词填空:all in all, ____ above all _____ after all______ in all_____ 1) You must, _________, be loyal to your country. 2) There are five hundred books on the shelf __________. 3) Everyone makes mistakes, and ____________, he is only a child. 4) The book has some weak spots, but _________ I consider it a success. 5. make fun of… =play a trick on… 取笑 for fun 为了玩乐;开玩笑地 have fun 玩乐,开心 1) The kids at school used to ____________ Jill’s clothes. 2) Don’t get upset. He said it was only __________. 3) We ________ in camping last week. 4) It’s cruel to _____________ the disabled. 6.have trouble in doing sth =have difficulty with sth =There is difficulty in dong sth 在做某事方面有困难

译 : You can not imagine _____________________________________ ________. (我找你家时的困难) 7. meet with 遇到,经历,会晤 (1)我的建议遭到了普遍的反对。 ___________________________________. (2) 他们的尝试再次遭到失败。 ____________________________________. (3)下周他将会晤一些高级政治家。 _____________________________________ _______________.. 偶遇 ___________/____________/________ 8absence n. 缺席;不在 in one’s absence 某人不在的时候 absent adj. 缺席的;不在的 be absent from 缺席;不在 完 成 句 子 (1)Mr Green will be in charge __________________ (在我离开期间). (2)Why were you __________________(旷课) yesterday? presence n.出席;到场 present adj.出席的;在场的;现在的 be present at…出现于 (3)_____________________(在场所有的人) were moved to tears by the story. (4)Are you satisfied with _____________? (你现在的工作) III.重点句子 1. Every time I returned after an absence, I felt stupid because I was behind the others. {仿写}(1.)每一次去看李老师,她都给我 们做丰富的饭菜。 _____________________________________ ______________________________. (2) 他 俩 两 一 见 钟 情 。 _____________________________________ __________________. 2.I have a very busy life with no time to sit around feeling sorry for myself. {仿写}(1)没有人和他交谈,约翰觉得非 常孤独。_____________________________ _____________________________________.

(2)他没有时间去拜访他的朋友, 所以就只给 他打了个电话.______________________ ___________________________________. (3)如果你继续这样整天闲坐着无所事事, 你 终究会后悔的_______________________ ____________________________________. 3.Just accept them for who they are, and give them encouragement to live as rich and full a life as you do. {仿写}(1)这是一个像另一个一样好的例 子。______________________________ ______________________________. (2) 你能拿多少纸,我也能拿多少。 ____________________________________. 如果与单数可数名词连用, 它们的顺序一律 是:as/so/too/how+adj.+a(an)+n.... (3) 这是一个对我来说太长的旅程 ___________________________________. (4) 她是那样一个可爱的女孩,以至于每个 人都喜欢她._____________________ _____________________________________. (5) 这是多么难得一道数学题呀! _____________________________________. [即境活用 2] You know nursing is ______ a way of life. A.as a much job as B.as much a job as C.as job a much as D.a job as much as IV.当堂反馈 1.Had the operation succeeded, Jim could____ _____________________(过正常的生活)。 2. She is proud to _____________________ _______________(把生意经营的很成功)。 3._______________________(让她恼火的是) was that she didn’t find a dress ___________ ————————(适合这种场合)。 4.______________________( 每 次 我 遇 到 困 难), I always can _____________________ __________________(从我的伙伴那里得到 很多的建议和鼓励)。 5.The street _______________________( 过 去非常嘈杂) is _______________________ ________.(像其他的街道一样破旧不堪)


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