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同位语从句讲解及练习


高中英语同位语从句讲解及练习 同位语从句讲义及练习 一、理解同位语从句的含义,把握同位语从句的实质 在 主 从 复合 句 中 作同位 语 的 从 句称 为 同 位语从 句 。 同 位语 从 句 一般用 that, whether,what, which, who, when, where, why, how 等词引导,常放在 fact, news, idea, truth, ho

pe, problem, information, wish,promise, answer, evidence, report, explanation, suggestion, conclusion 等抽象名词后面,说明该名词的具体内容。换言之, 同位语从句和所修饰的名词在内容上为同一关系,对其内容作进一步说明。 例:The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school. 他们比赛获胜的消息很快传遍了整个学校。 二、正确运用同位语从句的引导词,准确把握同位语从句 1.如同位语从句意义完整,应用 that 引导同位语从句。(即 that 不充当任何成分, 只起连接作用,不可省略) 例:The general gave the order that the soldiers should cross the river at once.将军下达了战士们立即过河的命令。 2.如同位语从句意义不完整,需增加"是否"的含义,应用 whether 引导同位语从句。 (if 不能引导同位语从句) 例:We'll discuss the problem whether the sports meeting will be held on time.我们将讨论运动会是否会如期举行的问题。 3.如同位语从句意义不完整,需增加"什么时候"、"什么地点"、"什么方式"等含义, 应用 when, where, how 等词引导同位语从句。 例 1:I have no idea when he will be back. 例 2:I have no impression how he went home, perhaps by bike.

同位语从句练习 1、Information has been put forward ____ more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. A. while B. that C. when D. as

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2 、 It is said that more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities,this is the information ____ has been put forward. A. what B. that C. when D. as

3、She heard a terrible noise,____ brought her heart into her mouth. A. it B. which C. this D. That

4 、. The engineer _____ my father is talking has just come from abroad. A. with whom B. with who C. with which D. that

5.I have no idea ____ he will start. A. when B. that C. what D./

6. I’ve come from the government with a message ____ the meeting won't be held tomorrow. A. if B. that C. whether D. which

7. The thought ____ he might fail in the exam worried him. A. when B. which C. what D. that

8. The order ____ the prisoner be set free arrived too late. A. which B. whether C. that D. what

9. The nurses are trying their best to reduce the patient's fear ____ he would die of the disease. A. that B. as C. of which D. which

10. He often asked me the question ____ the work was worth doing. A. whether B. where C. that D. when

11. Along with the letter was his promise ____ he would visit me this coming Christmas. A. which B. that C. what D. whether

12. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at ____ I thought was a dangerous speed.

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A. as

B. which

C. what

D. that

13. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ____ we would have lost our way. A. it B. that C. this D. which

14. There are signs ____ restaurants are becoming more popular with families. A. that B. which C. in which D. whose

15. We can see the same signs ____ stand out throughout the city. A. that B. which C. in which D. whose

16.There anything _____ I can do for you? . A. which B. who C. as D. that

17. The speaker will tell us about some writers and their works _____are known to us. A. which B. that C. as D. who

18.This is the reason _____ they are all against the plan. A. which B. that C. why D. what

19.This is _____ I can do for you right now. A. which B. that C. what D. as

20.It was at our college library _____ I borrowed the novel. A. which B. in which C. that D. where

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