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高考英语定语从句用法及专练(介词 关系代词)


高考英语定语从句用法及专练 六、 “介词+关系代词 which 物、whom 人、whose…的”可引导限制性定语 从句和非限制性定语从句 1. 关系代词 whom 或 which 在定语从句中作介词宾语时, 介词可放在后面, 也 可提前构成“介词+whom/which”.若从句中的谓语是一个动词短语时,如 look for,look after,take care of 等,动词短语中介词不能拆开提前。 eg. This is the answer which we are looking for. 2. 关系代词 whom,which 在定语从句中作介宾且介词双放在后面时,可省去, 但若介词提前,不可省略。 eg. She is the girl about whom we just talked . 3. “介词+whose”引导的定语从句,表示“…的”(介词短语中含有 one’s 结构) eg. Jim, in whose opinion English is useless, likes English very much now. 4. “复杂介词+whom/which” (复杂介词如:in front of, because of, as a result of, at the back of 等) eg. ① He told us he lived in a hotel at the back of which is a small garden. ② This is the reason because of which he failed in the exam. 5. “数词(three, some, all )+of whom/which” eg. ① The old man has four sons, three of whom are soldiers. ② I bought five books last week, all of which were novels. ●介词 on, in, at, for 等与关系代词 which 一起引导定语从句时,若表示时间、 地点、原因可与相关的关系副词 when, where,why 替换。 6.“名词+of+which/whom”→ “whose+名词” eg. ① I’ll talk to the students the homework of whom hasn’t been done. (whose homework) ② I once lived in a house the roof of which has fallen in. (whose roof)

[练习] 1. The old man has two sons,___are lawyers. A.both of them B.both of who A.in whom A.which crowd. A.most of them C.which most B.most of which D.that most B.about whom B.its C.both of whom C.from whom C.whose D.both of they D.of whom D.which of 2.He is a man of great knowledge, ___much can be learned. 3.Please pass me the dictionary___cover is black. 4.The buses,____were already full,were surrounded by an angry

5.He paid the boy 10 dollars for washing ten windows,most of___had not been cleaned for years. A.these A.neither of them C.both of them A.without it A.of whom A.where A.of that A.which 12.Mike, with A. whose B.those C.that D.which 6.The professor has two sons,___are teaching in the same university. B.either of them D.both of whom B.without that B.whom B.which B.of whom B.what B.what C.without which C.of whose C.what C.of who C.this C.which D.if not D.whose D.in which D.of whose D.these D.these

7.Oxygen is a kind of gas,___we couldn’t live. 8.His parents wouldn’t let him marry anyone___family was poor. 9.That is the office___Lincoln once worked in. 10.Those are model workers, some___are young fellows. 11.The Science Building is very beautiful,behind___there is an orchard. help Lily learned to ride a bike, is a kind-hearted boy.


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