2015 学年奉贤区调研测试 高三英语试卷
（考试时间 120 分钟，满分 150 分。请将答案填写在答题纸上。） （共 103 分）
I. Listening Section A Short conversations (10 分)
Directions: In Secti
on A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.
1. A. In a restaurant. B. At the theatre. C. In a meeting room. D. At the office. 2. A. Teacher and student. B. Doctor and patient. C. Manager and office worker. D. Travel agent and customer. 3. A. One. B. Two. C. Three. D. Four 4. A. Reading newspapers. B. Writing up local news. C. Talking about sports. D. Putting up advertisement. 5. A. He rescued a baby from a fire. B. He behaved bravely in a fire. C. He ran the fastest in a race. D. He jumped from a carriage which was on fire. 6. A. Take a break. B. Go to work. C. Do the other problem. D. Keep trying. 7. A. He doesn’t enjoy business trips as much as he used to. B. He doesn’t think he is capable of doing the job. C. He thinks the pay is too low to support his family. D. He wants to spend more time with his family. 8. A. Thirty yuan. B. Thirty-five yuan. C. Forty yuan. D. Forty-five yuan. 9. A. He wants to get a new position. B. He is asking the woman for help. C. He has left the woman a good impression. D. He enjoys letter writing. 10. A. He probably won’t listen to the man’s advice. B. He has made a good decision. C. He has done the thing. D. He will follow the man’s advice. Section B Passages (12 分)
Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
11. A. Photos as clues to the past. B. Fashionable families in recent history. C. Photographers of the past. D. Details of photography from the past. 12. A. Their shoes. B. Some money. C. Their relatives’ hands. D. Their playthings. 13. A. The location of the house. B. The social and economic position of the family. C. The types of games children played. D. The profession of the owner of the house. 14. A. Its meat as a source of food. B. The wide classification of penguins. C. The penguin’s successful career. D. Penguin’s life in groups. 15. A. The king penguin. B. The emperor penguin. C. The bare-footed penguin. D. The black-footed penguin. 16. A. The penguin may become extinct soon. B. The poisonous chemicals influence the penguins’ life. C. The chemicals have poisoned many penguins to death. D. The penguin population will drop greatly. Section C Longer conversations (8 分) Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Job opportunity Two students wanted for website___17____ at school computer centre. When to start This ___18_____ Requirements ___19____experience or knowledge is not a must. ___20____ in computers and the Internet are most important. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. TCM( Traditional Chinese Medicine) Why is TCM considered the fifth great Because its ___21____ has been invention of China? recognized. It is not only an original medical system What is it contribution to the world? but also a part of 22 . What is the key point of Chinese traditional Its key point is to keep ____23____, philosophy? whether insider or outsider your body. TCM is superior to western medicine in In which aspect is TCM considered better regarding ____24_____ as a whole and than western medicine? interacting with the surroundings. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary. Section A (16 分) Directions: Read the following two passages. Fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word. For the other blanks, fill in each blank with one proper word. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct. (A) Are you a bookworm? Do you love to read? Your teachers probably tell you how important reading is all the time. And guess what? They’re right! Reading helps you in many ways beyond just (25)_________(be) able to read and get good grades in tests. Being an eager reader helps you become a good speller and writer. In fact, the more you read, the better you’ll do in all your subjects. Do you have friends who always have books in their hands? We bet they are caught (26)_________ (read) almost all the time. Sometimes those people who love reading and even collecting books are called bookworms. Is it really (27)__________ they look like earthworms? No! So where did that nickname come from? The term “bookworm” (28)_____________ (use) since the 1500s. Way back then, libraries did not have the modern air conditioning systems (29)____________(control) the environment (30) ____________ (surround) the books. As a result, some old libraries became musty and attracted various pests, some of which then took the form of insects and worms loving to eat paper and stay inside of books, (31)_________________ they would spend their entire lives. It was just natural to transfer the “bookworm” idea to humans who loved to consume books as much as these pests did. So if you see a trip to the library (32)_____________ an adventure and can’t wait to read a new book, you’re probably a bookworm. And that’s OK! You are not alone and there are millions and even billions of us in the world. (B) The Sunken City Egypt is famous for its giant pyramids rising in the desert, but some of the nation ’s treasures from the past are hidden underwater. It is on the ocean floor near Egypt’s northern coast (33) ________ a long-lost city of more than 2,700 years old lies. Now researchers are bringing its remains to the surface to share the sunken civilization with the world. Clues to the Past Some ancient texts describes a city called Heracleion, (34)___________ was located at the mouth of the Nile River and disappeared beneath the waves 1,200 years ago. But for centuries, no one knew for sure if such (35)____________ unbelievable city ever really existed. Then in 2000, Scientist Frank Goddio and his team discovered the ruins of the city. Since then, to uncover the city, they have been busy removing layers of sand, which had kept many of its treasure well (36)_________(preserve). They’ve uncovered gold coins, jewelry, giant statues, ships and a sign. These items provide clues to help find out (37)_________ life was like in Heracleion. Secret of the Deep
But so far, the sinking of this city remains a mystery. Goddio isn ’t sure how the city sank. He thinks that earthquakes or tidal waves (38)_________ have caused it to fall into the sea. “Stories from long ago tell of other cities in this area disappearing because of either or (39)__________ of those things,” explains Goddio. With many of Heracleion’s treasures still buried under the sea, it may be many years before all its secrets (40)_____________(reveal). “We’ve barely scratched the surface with this city.” another scientist Robinson says. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box．Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need． A. explore F. ancient B. extensive C. regularly G. setting H. stuck I. right D. filled J. stylish E. exercise K. basically
With its wonderful Georgian and Victorian architecture, and winding medieval streets, it’s easy to see why Edinburgh has been listed as a World Heritage Site. The 41 of Edinburgh is fascinating. Edinburgh Castle dominates the urban skyline, lying on the cliff of an ancient volcano right in the center of the city. Yet Edinburgh is not 42 in the past. And neither is it all about bagpipes, shortbread, whisky and tartan. In fact, the city is one of the most vibrant, international cities in Europe and is 43 voted as one of the most desirable places to live in the world. The capital is 44 with arts, culture, sports and attractions and is famous for playing host to the world’s largest arts festival. After dark Edinburgh has a lively nightlife with 45 bars and pubs, restaurants, clubs and live entertainment to rival any European city. In Edinburgh, there’s plenty of open space too, with a large number of public parks and green spaces 46 in the busy city center. For active types, there’s a(n) 47 and varied choice of activities and sports in Edinburgh and the surrounding area. Or if you just want to 48 your wallet, the capital is a great place to shop. This is a city that knows how to be both 49 and modern. The capital of Scotland is a great place to live and study in, with a wide range of theatres, galleries, clubs and shops to 50 , not to mention the plenty of arty bars and cafes.
bars and cafes.
III. Reading Comprehension Section A (15 分)
Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Music produces profound and lasting changes in the brain. Schools should add music classes, not cut them. Nearly 20 years ago, a small study advanced the ___51___ that listening to Mozart’s Sonata( 奏鸣曲 ) could boost mental functioning. It was not long ___52___ trademarked “Mozart effect” products began to appeal to anxious parents aiming to put toddlers (刚学步的孩子) on the fast track to prestigious universities like Harvard and Yale.
Georgia’s governor even __53___ giving every newborn there a classical CD or cassette. The __54___ for Mozart therapy turned out to be weak, perhaps nonexistent, although the __55___ study never claimed anything more than a temporary and limited effect. In recent years, __56___ , scientists have examined the benefits of a continuous effort to study and practice music, in contrast to playing a Mozart CD or a computer-based“brain fitness” game __57___ in a while. Advanced monitoring __58___ have enabled scientists to see what happens inside your head when you listen to your mother and actually practice the violin for an hour every afternoon. And they have found that music __59___ can produce profound and lasting changes that __60___ the general ability to learn. These results should __61___ public officials that music classes are not a mere decoration, ready for being given up in the budget crises that constantly troubles public schools. Studies have shown that __62__ instrument training from an early age can help the brain to __63___ sounds better, making it __64__ to stay focused when absorbing other subjects, from literature to mathematics. The musically experienced are better able to __65___ a biology lesson despite the noise in the classroom or, a few years later, to finish a call with a client when a colleague in the next office starts screaming a subordinate( 下属). They can be engaged in several things at once, which is an essential skill in this era of multitasking. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. A. notice A. that A. proposed A. witness A. recent A. however A. quite A. management A. subjects A. enhance A. convey A. urgent A. proceed A. easier A. count on B. note B. until B. pushed B. evidence B. advanced B. moreover B. once B. techniques B models B. introduce B. convince B. casual B. process B. harder B. concentrate on C. idea C. since C. submitted C. symptom C. original C. then C. often C. information C. causes C. ensure C. communication C. diligent C. prefer C. tougher C. insist on D. impression D. before D. subjected D. context D. latest D. therefore D. much D. mechanics D. lessons D. instruct D. conclude D. occasional D. predict D. faster D. depend on
Section B Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read． A It’s a typically Snoopy card: cheerful message, bright colors, though a little yellow and faded now. Though I’ve received fancier, more expensive card over the years, this is the only
one I’ve saved. One summer, it spoke volumes to me. I received it during the first June I faced as a widow to raise two teen age daughters alone. In all the emotional confusion of this sudden single parenthood, I was overwhelmed with, of all things, the simplest housework: leaky taps, oil changes, even barbecues. Those had always been my husband’s jobs. I was embarrassed every time I hit my thumb with a hammer or couldn’t get the lawnmower started. My uncertain attempts only fueled the fear inside me: How could I be both a father and mother to my girls? Clearly, I lacked the tools and skills. On this particular morning, my girls pushed me into the living room to see something.(I prayed it wasn’t another repair job.)The “something “turned out to be an envelope and several wrapped bundles on the carpet. My puzzlement must have been plain as I gazed from the colorful packages to my daughter ’s bright faces. “Go ahead! Open them! “They urged. As I unwrapped the packages , I discovered a small barbecue grill and all the necessary objects including a green kitchen glove with a frog pattern on it. "But why?" I asked. "Happy Father's Day!" they shouted together. "Moms don't get presents on Father's Day". I protested. "You forgot to open the card". Jane reminded. I pulled it from the envelope. There sat Snoopy, on top of his dog house, merrily wishing me a Happy Father's Day. "Because", the girls said, "you've been a father and mother to us. Why shouldn't you be remembered on Father's Day?" As I fought back tears, I realized they were right, I wanted to be a "professional" dad, who had the latest tools and knew all the tricks of the trade. The girls only wanted a parent they could count on to be there, day after day, performing repeatedly the maintenance tasks of basic care and love. The girls are grown now, and they still send me Father's Day cards, but none of those cards means as much to me as that first one. Its simple message told me being a great parent didn't require any special tools at all—just a willing worker. 66、By "it spoke volumes to me", (Para. 1) the mother in the story means the card______. A．conveyed significant meanings to her B．aroused great sorrow in her C．brought her pleasant feelings D．made her feel important 67、After her husband’s death, the mother found it was the hardest to______. A. handle the emotional shock B. face the terrible loneliness C. Keep harmony of the family D. Fulfill a male role in the house 68、The girls gave their mother a barbecue set probably because ______. A. It was what their mother wanted B.it was a proper Father’s Day gift
C.barbecue was their favorite food D.they wanted their mother to barbecue 69、Which of the following statements is true about the first Father’s Day card? A. It made the mother eager to get the latest tools B. It praised the mother as a professional dad C. Its fancy design impressed the mother most D. It showed the girl’s appreciation for their mother’s love
Disneyland Half Marathon Weekend presented by Ciga Sunday, September 6, 2015 Start/Finish:Disneyland Resort Celebrate the 10th Anniversary of the Happiest Race on Earth! It's the moment you've been training for. Your 13.1 mile run on a magical course in the Happiest Race on Earth takes you through Disney California Adventure Park along legendary Main Street, U.S.A. In Disneyland Park, and then on to the streets of Anaheim. You'll complete your Disneyland Half Marathon race with an exciting finish near the Disneyland Hotel. It all adds up to miles of smiles, unforgettable memories, and a perfect ending to a magical Disneyland The Disneyland Half Marathon Highlights Timed Half Marathon race ? 13.1-mile course through Disneyland Resort and the City of Anaheim, California ? Disney Characters and Entertainment on-course ? Family Reunion Area with live entertainment and characters at the Finish Line ? Race within walking distance when you stay at a Disneyland Resort Hotel ? Event transportation included when you stay at select Anaheim Area Hotels Disneyland Half Marathon Race Participants Receive ? Champion Short-Sleeved Tech Shirt in Women's or Men's Cut* ? Half Marathon Finisher Medal* ? Official Digital Event Guide* ? iGiftBag ? Personalized bib (Must register before June 2, 2015 for name to appear on bib)* ? On-course and post-race refreshments
ChronoTrack B-tag timed race with live runner tracking signup for friends and family Personalized results website and finisher certificate
To receive the Dumbo Double Dare Finisher Medal, you must register for the Dumbo Double Dare. Registering for the 10K and Half Marathon individually will not make you eligible to receive the Dumbo Double Dare Finisher Medal. To compete, you must be 14 years of age or older and able to complete the Half Marathon in three and a half(3.5) hours or less(16-minute mile pace). To receive the Dumbo Double Dare Finisher Medal, you must register for the Dumbo Double Dare. Registering for the 10K and Half Marathon individually will not make you eligible (合适的) to receive the Dumbo Double Dare Finisher Medal. Dates, times, prices and inclusions subject to change. All races are subject to capacity limits and may close at any time before the percentage can be updated. Registrations are non-refundable and non-transferable. Disney reserves the right to refuse the entry into, and/or revoke any registration for, any race for any reason in its sole discretion with refund of any applicable registration fees being the sole remedy of any such refusal and/or revocation. * Participants must attend Packet Pick-up at the run Disney Health & Fitness Expo to receive their race packet, bib, and tech shirt. Finisher medals will be distributed to finishers during the race. None of these items will be mailed to registrants. 70.You can read all the following except _____in the article. A. The course description of Half Marathon B. The distance of the Half Marathon C. The entry fee of the Half Marathon D. The time limits of the completion of the Half Marathon 71.We can infer from the advertisement that whoever runs the Half Marathon can get _____. A. the Dumbo Double Dare Finisher Medal B. Half Marathon Finisher Medal C. Personalized bib D. iGiftbag 72. Which of the following statements is true? A Half Marathon races is open to all citizens B.One must be able to cover the Half Marathon within 3.5 hours. C. Registering for Half Marathon individually will enable you to receive the Dumbo Double Dare Finisher Medal. D.The Half Marathon is bound to start on time.
73. Where probably is this passage taken from? A. A handbook of Marathon B. The official website of Disney C. Advertisement section in a newspaper
D. A sports magazine
Once upon a time, staying a healthy weight was easy. To lose weight you simply had to practise the reverse of home economics--spend more than you earned. Unfortunately for many, but perhaps not surprisingly, it turns out that people are rather more complicated than bank accounts. To stay a healthy weight, you need a hormone(荷尔蒙)called lepton to work properly. It sends “I’m full” messages from the fat cells up to the brain, where they go, among other pl aces, to the same pleasure centers that respond to drugs like cocaine. Fat people produce plenty of lepton, but the brain doesn.t seem to respond to it properly. Last year researchers at the Oregon Research Institute scanned the brains of overweight people and found their reward circuit(线路) were underactive. They were eating more to try to get the enjoyment they were missing. There’s a lot of evidence for the fact that most, if not all, of us have a set point around which our weight can vary by about seven to nine kilos, but anything beyond that is a real struggle. Making changes is hard, particularly if your body is working against you. So why not reject the traditional approaches and try some new method, based on the latest research, that work with your body rather than against it. Several years ago researchers at the National Institute on Aging in Baltimore reported that when they gave rats very little food one day and allowed them to eat plenty the next, they showed virtually all the benefits of a permanent calorie restriction diet. The same goes for humans, according to Dr. James Johnson. How does it work? Besides forcing the body to burn fat, it may also cause hormonal changes. Most people say that the diet takes a bit of getting used to, but is not as grinding as trying to cut back on an everyday basis. Older dieters may remember something called brown fat. Unlike the undesirable white stuff; this was a dieter ’s dream. Instead of storing excess energy as fat, brown-fat tissue burned it off to keep you warm-at least in mice. Brown fat fell out of favor because researchers couldn’t find much in humans but now, thanks to the New England journal of Medicine, it’s back in fashion. The idea is to expose people to cold temperatures. They then make more brown fat and their weight drops. 74. According to the findings of the Oregon Research Institute,____________ A. Overweight people get less pleasure from eating the same amount. B. Overweight people enjoy eating more than the others do C. People will become overweight if they eat more than they need D. People are more likely to be overweight if they produce less leptin 75. The method used by the National Institute On Aging can be summarized as”__________” A. No diet at all B. Diet on a daily basis C. Diet every other day D. Diet permanently 76. The word “grinding” in the paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ___________
A. Effective B. Realistic C. Unreliable 77. What is the passage mainly about? A. Comparing the various ways of cutting calories B. Recommending new methods of losing weight C.Pointing out the misconceptions of losing weight D. Clarifying the common myth about weight loss
Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. The $11 billion self-help industry is built on the idea that you should turn negative thoughts like "I never do anything right" into positive ones like "I can succeed." But was positive thinking advocate Norman Vincent Peale right? Is there power in positive thinking? Researchers in Canada just published a study in the journal Psychological Science that says trying to get people to think more positively can actually have the opposite effect: it can simply highlight how unhappy they are. The study’s authors, Joanne Wood and John Lee of the University of Waterloo and Elaine Perunovic of the University of New Brunswick, begin by citing older research showing that when people get feedback which they believe is overly positive, they actually feel worse, not better. If you tell your dim friend that he has the potential of an Einstein, you’re just underlining his faults. In one 1990s experiment, a team including psychologist Joel Cooper of Princeton asked participants to write essays opposing funding for the disabled. When the essayists were later praised for their sympathy, they felt even worse about what they had written. In this experiment, Wood, Lee and Perunovic measured 68 students’ self-esteem. The participants were then asked to write down their thoughts and feelings for four minutes. Every 15 seconds, one group of students heard a bell. When it rang, they were supposed to tell themselves, "I am lovable." Those with low self-esteem didn’t feel better after the forced self-affirmation. In fact, their moods turned significantly darker than those of members of the control group, who weren’t urged to think positive thoughts. The paper provides support for newer forms of psychotherapy (心理治疗) that urge people to accept their negative thoughts and feelings rather than fight them. In the fighting, we not only often fail but can make things worse. Meditation (静思) techniques, in contrast, can teach people to put their shortcomings into a larger, more realistic perspective. Call it the power of negative thinking. (Note: Answer the question or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 12 WORDS) 78. The self- help industry is based on _________________________________________. 79. The finding of the Canadian researchers is that______________________________. 80. From the experiment of Wood, Lee and Perunovic, we know that__________________. 81. From the last paragraph, we know that ___________________ may prove to be a good form of psychotherapy.
第 II 卷 (共 47 分)
I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the word or phrase given in the brackets. 1 基于真实故事的小说往往更能感动人心。 （base） 2 在告别会上，他含着眼泪向全体同事表示感激。 （gratitude） 3 生活的美妙不在于你有多快乐，而在于你能给别人带来多少快乐。 （depend） 4 电脑技术正变得如此先进以至于它使电脑尺寸越来越小，速度越来越快。 （So...） 5 毫无疑问在如今这个充满竞争的社会，保持幽默有助于减少压力并促进创造性思维。 （contribute）
II. Guide writing (25 分） Direction: Write an English composition in 120-150words. The composition must be based on the information given below. 请简要描述下面图片的内容，并谈谈你的看法。 （参考词汇： 雾霾 haze, 雾霾天气 haze weather )
1-5 ACDAB 6-10 ADBAA 11-13 ADB 14-16 ADB 17. project 18. summer 19. Specific 20. Interests 21. remarkable effect 22. Chinese traditional culture 23. balance and harmony 24. the human body II. Grammar and Vocabulary. Section A (16 分) 25. being 26.reading 27.because 28.has been used 29.to control 30.surrounding 31.where 32.as 33.that 34.which 35.an 36.preserved 37.what 38.might 39.both 40.are revealed 41-50 GHCDJ IBEFA III. Reading Comprehension 51-55 CDABC 56-60 ABBDA 61-65 BCBAB 66-69 A D D D 70-73 C D B B 74-77 A C D B 78.答案：the idea that you should turn negative thoughts into positive ones. 79.答案：Thinking more positively have a opposite effect. 80.答案：overly positive thinking doesn’t make people feel better. 81.答案：Meditation techniques Translation 1 Novels based on real/true stories are more likely to touch readers. 2 At the farewell party, he showed/expressed his gratitude to all the colleagues with tears in eyes. 3 The beauty of life doesn’t depend on how happy you are but how much happiness you bring to others. 4. So advanced is computer technology getting that it makes computers smaller in size and faster in speed. 5. There is no doubt that in such a competitive society, keeping a sense of humor contributes to reducing pressure and promoting creative thinking. Writing With one person thinking to himself how smelly the air is and the other contemplating what we can actually do to solve it, as it depicted in the picture, the two persons are reacting in completely different ways to the haze weather, which has almost suffocated citizens from the stricken areas. As for which person is acting significantly, the answer is apparently evident. When facing the terribly polluted weather, it isn’t how we feel but what we can do that actually matters. As the saying goes, “ Actions speak louder than words”. Take immediate actions and we may bear the hope that the weather will no longer be worsening and one day in the future our offsprings can breathe in fresh air without any potential risk. However, if we just
complain without taking any steps, that will make no sense except being poisoned by the smog continually. The message implied here is extremely clear that thinking how to resolve a problem and then acting without any hesitation is of vital importance when encountering any problems like setbacks and challenges in our life. Only when we shift our attention from cursing irritated to seeking its solutions can what troubles us, such as the worsening environment, be tackled.
参考答案及详细解析 Keys: 25. being 26.reading 27.because 28.has been used 29.to control 30.surrounding 31.where 32.as Analyses: 本篇文章讲述了“书虫”本身的含义以及之后指代书籍爱好者的由来。 25. being 本题目给出词汇 be,所以本题目是词类变化的考察点，高考中短文填空词类变 化出现动词，一般首先要判断该空是填谓语还是非谓语，由于该句是一个单句，只有一 个谓语动词，又没有出现任何连接词或者省略连接词的情况，所以 be 在此空中是考查 非谓语，由于空前是介词 beyond，故后面使用 be 动词的-ing 形式。 26. reading 本题也是给出动词，进行动词变化。由于句子中原本有 bet, are caught 两个 谓语结构，而其中 bet 之后的内容是其宾语从句，并且从句含义及成分完整，所以该空 中也应该填非谓语结构，read 和其前面相关的逻辑主语 they 是主动关系，并且他们被抓 到正在读书，故使用 reading。 27. because 本题目没有所给词，所以考查介词，连词，情态动词等封闭词汇，我们发现 句子有一个特殊结构开始，it is，遇到此类结构要小心，考查是否是强调句型，若是则 为 that；然而该句并非强调句型；再次我们发现句子有 is, look 两个谓语，进而应该有一 个连接从句的连接词，我们发现从句不缺成分，所以使用副词性引导词，根据上下文含 义，此句是在表示原因，故为 because。 28. has been used 该句给出动词 use,并且本句没有其他谓语，所以该空填谓语动词形式， 若填谓语动词，则要考虑时态和主被动，看到 since 想到完成时，根据上下文，描述该 词从过去到现在都在使用，所以确定为现在完成时，此外主语 bookworm 和 use 明显是 被动关系，所以是该答案。 29. to control 该句设有 29,30 两个空，所以要将句子看完整，两空都是考查给出动词的 变形问题。分析句子，该句只有一个谓语，所以 29,30 两空都应该填非谓语成分。29 题 根据上下文，讲述是“系统去控制”，非谓语作为表示功能和目的的含义，跟系统呈现 主动关系，所以使用 to control。 30. surrounding 该空同样也是非谓语考点，surround 在该句中，逻辑主语是前面的 the
environment 两者是主动关系，并且表示一种长期的状态，并非含有将要的意思，故用 surrounding。有些学生误以为 surrounding 考查名词含义，在后面加复数结构，此类错误 是该空的功能没有判断清楚。 31. where 该句的句子较长， 很多学生遇到长难句分析就无从下手了， 还是找句子的谓语 个数和连接词个数，其中谓语有 became, took, would spend 三个，连接词只有 some of which 一个，也并未发现省略的连接词，所以该空应该是填连接词，根据句子含义，后 文“它们将会度过一生”是在前文“书”中，故为非限定性定语从句，修饰 books 表示 地点，用 where。 32. as 该空未给词，根据空后的内容只有一个名词，故该空应该以介词为突破口，根据 含义，该句理解为 see sth as 把??看做??，故用 as 介词词性，表示“作为??”， 类似短语 regard...as...。 Keys: 33.that 34.which 35.an 36.preserved 37.what 38.might 39.both 40.are revealed Analyses: 该篇文章讲述了埃及背部沿海地区的失落的城市 Heracleion(希拉克莱奥)，沉睡在水下 数百年，以及一些科学家对于其沉入水中的猜测。 33. that 该句未给词，所以在介词，连接词，情态动词等封闭词汇选择。首先句子是 it is 开头，考查该句是否是强调句，考查过后发现该句是强调句，故 it is...that。 34. Which 同样是未给出词填空，并且该句中有两个部分的谓语动词 describes, was located and disappeared(P.S.如果在一句话中并列连词连接的两个谓语我们一般将其记为 一个谓语个数， 因为本身 and 作为连词可以连接多个谓语动词)， 所以该句缺少连接两个 卫浴的引导词，根据从句特点和上下文，该从句是修饰前文这个地名的非限制性定语从 句，缺主语，故用 which。 35. an 该空在 such 之后，一般 such 之后填名词，而空后有一个名词中心词 city，并且是 单数，故 such+单数名词，需要用不定冠词，根据语音发音规律，用 an。 36. Preserved 该空给出动词，需要判断谓语还是非谓语，找出该句中谓语 have been, had kept 两个， 有一个连接词 which， 故不缺谓语， 则该空填非谓语， 由于和 treasure 和 preserve 关系成被动关系，故用过去分词 preserved。 37. What 该空未给词，句子中谓语动词有 provide, was 两个，故缺乏一个连接词，那么 根据从句位置分析判断为名词性从句，作为 to find out 的宾语，此外，从句缺宾语，故 用代词性连接词，根据句子意思为 what life was like in Heracleion。 38. might 未给词，谓语动词个数和连接词个数匹配，而空后面是 have caused 原形，故 该空用情态动词， 表示对过去发生的事一种不确定， 可能的推测一般用 might have done， 表示“或许??”；有些学生用到了 may have done，may have done 亦可以用于推测， 含义是“或许已经，可能已经”但是确定性强于 might have done，因为是要强调对过去 事情的推测，故 might have done 更好一些，类似我们常用 couldn’t have done 表推测“过 去一定没有??”，可以有 can’t have done 但却很少用。
39. Both 该空对于很多学生，很难找到突破口，联系上下文，or 这个连接词连接的是并 列结构，or 左边是 either，右边设空，故两侧应该是平行结构，空内也应该是代词（因 为不能填名词），根据上文讨论引发这种现象原因有地震和潮水两类，所以这里可以理 解为是其中一种又或者两方面原因都有，故 both；tell of 短语，表示讲述。 40. are revealed 给出 reveal 动词， 考虑谓语还是非谓语， 由于句子只有一个谓语 may be， 还有一个连接词 before，所以该空应该填谓语结构来符合谓语和连接词个数，从句主语 是 all its secrets 和 reveal 应该是被动，并且根据上下文讲述的是未来要发生的事情，从 句可以使用一般现在时表示将来含义，所以一般现在时被动语态，故 are revealed，千万 注意粗心的学生会有可能出现 be revealed 结构。
1 动词原型：A、E、 2 形容词：B、F、I、J 3 副词：C、K 4 动词 ed：D、G 5 名词、动名词：setting 42 相对较难，因为前一句描述 Edinburgh 的古老之处，这里转折所以不是困在过去：be stuck in 46 如果学生做题仔细的话，是能发现这是一句复现的，在第４行有这一句 lying on the cliff of an ancient volcano right in the center of the city 答案: 51-55 CDABC 56-60 ABBDA 61-65 BCBAB 分析： 本篇完型来源于 2012 年 6 月大学英语六级的完形填空改编题。本篇完型的主要内容是 音乐对于大脑的影响及其在现实生活中的运用。 51 题 【参考答案】C 【考查内容】同位语从句 【试题解析】空格后的 that 从句为空格词汇的一个同位语从句，因为 that 在句中不 充当任何成分四个抽象名词辨析也需注意。 52 题 【参考答案】D 【考查内容】状语从句固定搭配 【试题解析】it was not long before，用来表述“时隔不多久”。在这篇 cloze 中，也 是作者为了突显莫扎特效应对于心情迫切的家长所产生的迅速影响， 从 而使用了 not long before 的句型。 53 题
【参考答案】A 【考查内容】词汇辨析 【试题解析】Propel 为向前推进，propose 为提议，建议做某事，submit 为服从于， subject 则为使…奴役，屈从。根据题意，选择 propose。 54 题 【参考答案】B 【考查内容】段落理解 【试题解析】一个 although 形成从句与主句之间的让步关系，句末的一个 more tha n a temporary and limited effect 已经点名了是要选择一个能用来证明 莫扎特效应的确存在的抽象名词， witness 为证词，symptom 为症状，c ontext 为文本， evidence 为证据， 四个词中， witness 最为贴和文章意图。 55 题 56 题 【参考答案】C A 【考查内容】文章理解 【试题解析】recent 是近期，advanced 是提前，original 原始的，最初的，latest 最新 的莫扎特效应在一开始是没有被在实验室里有效验证的， 所以， 近期科 学家所做的事情也就是下文的重要内容便是通过实验效果来验证莫扎 特效应的存在。 这样一来， 逻辑连词便很容易看出是选择有转折含义的 however。 57 题 【参考答案】B 【考查内容】固定搭配 【试题解析】once in a while 意为偶尔。 58 题 【参考答案】B 【考查内容】词汇的考核 【试题解析】organism 为生物的有机体，mechanism 为机械装置，mechanic 为机械， 只有 techniques 为符合题意的技术 59 题 60 题 【参考答案】D A 【考查内容】文章理解 【试题解析】其实是对上文中提及的音乐教育行为的二次描述，因此在这里，联系 通过上下文的逻辑， 便可得知此处要强调的是音乐教育的确能促进大脑 的发育。accelerate 为加速，introduce 为引入，elaborate 为精心制作。
只有 enhance 表示提高，促进，符合题意 61 题 【参考答案】B 【考查内容】文章理解 【试题解析】通过上文的逻辑我们可以判断，这段是要通过实验来验证音乐的确是 行之有效的促进大脑发育的方法。段末的这句也是要想世人昭示这一 点。顺理成章地选择 convince，使人信服； 62 题 【参考答案】C 【考查内容】词义辨析 【试题解析】Urgent，迫切的，causal，随意的，diligent，孜孜不倦的，solemn，庄 重的，四个词中，前两个正好与原意相反，因为，选择 diligent. 63 题 【参考答案】B 【考查内容】词汇辨析 【试题解析】Proceed 为继续进行，process 为处理，prefer 为偏好，predict 为预言。 只有 process 一项符合题意。 64 题 【参考答案】A 【考查内容】文章理解 【试题解析】本题根据文只知道是使…变得简单 65 题 【参考答案】B 【考查内容】文章理解 【试题解析】虽也有介词搭配的考核，但是，通过上文便可得知，音乐教育还能让 人学会专心于某项任务，因此此处选择 concentrate，专心致志于某事 A篇 66【参考答案】A 【考查内容】细节理解 【试题解析】 这道题需要学生根据上下文推断该句的意思， “Though I’ve received fancier, more expensive card over the years, this is the only one I’ve saved.”表示这个卡片对于作者 来说很珍贵，下文都在讲为什么珍贵，即得出答案 67【参考答案】D 【考查内容】细节理解题
【试题解析】第二段中作者描述的“I was embarrassed every time I hit my thumb with a hammer or couldn’t get the lawnmower started.” 表明在家里作者暂时还不能熟练处理男人 的工作。 68【参考答案】D 【考查内容】推断题 【试题解析】这道题稍微有点难度，barbecue 在第四段段出现，作为孩子们在父亲节送 给妈妈的礼物，孩子们希望妈妈去烧烤。 69【参考答案】D 【考查内容】主旨大意题 【试题解析】根据上下文或“you've been a father and mother to us. Why shouldn't you be remembered on Father's Day?”可得出作者父亲节收到的卡片代表女孩们的爱。 B篇 70【参考答案】C 【考查内容】信息收集题 【试题解析】该题可用排除法，将文中提到的部分排除：大标题下面的前一部分文字都 在描述 Half Marathon，因此 A 不正确，根据 13.1-mile course 排除 B,根据 three and a half(3.5) hours or less 排除 D 71【参考答案】D 【考查内容】信息收集题 【试题解析】在“Disneyland Half Marathon Race Participants Receive”标题下寻找答案， 发现答案为 D 72【参考答案】B 【考查内容】判断正误题 【试题解析】 此类题目难度较大， 需在文章中一个个找出对应说法： 第一段中 “you've been training for. Your 13.1 mile run on a magical course in the Happiest Race^??must be 14 years of age or older and able to complete the Half Marathon in three and a half(3.5) hours or less(16-minute mile pace) ” 得出参加这项运动是需要经过训练的； A 错误， B 正确。 “To receive the Dumbo Double Dare Finisher Medal, you must register for the Dumbo Double Dare.”证明 C 错误，倒数第二段中指出时间可能会调整，D 错误。 73【参考答案】B 【考查内容】推断题 【试题解析】 排除法。首先排除 D，改文不是讲运动的，不可能摘选自运动杂志;如果 是 A 的话，全文都要讲马拉松，而全文都是迪士尼乐园的活动，尤其是倒数第二段中指 出迪士尼有权对参加规则加以解释；C 也不可能，报纸上的广告都短小精悍，没有解释 这么详细的，符合条件的是 B. C篇
74【参考答案】A 【考查内容】细节理解 【试题解析】 这道题目稍微有点难度， 需要学生理解上下文之后搞清楚.第二段最后一句话说"他们吃 很多为了得到他们正在失去的愉悦",可理解答案是 A. 75【参考答案】C
76【参考答案】D 【考查内容】上下文理解 【试题解析】有难度。把答案定格在倒数第二三段落,需要理解句意,才能判断单词意思,同时要注意 这个单词前面的连词 but。 77【参考答案】B 【考查内容】主旨大意 【试题解析】难度适中。整篇文章谈论的减肥的新试验和理论。
78.答案：the idea that you should turn negative thoughts into positive ones. 79.答案：Thinking more positively have a opposite effect. 80.答案：overly positive thinking doesn’t make people feel better. 81.答案：Meditation techniques
翻译 1.考点： 1 基于：based on 2 往往更能 are more likely to do sth key: Novels based on real/true stories are more likely to touch readers. 2.考点： 1 告别会 the farewell party 2 含着眼泪 with tears in eyes 3 表示感激 showed/expressed his gratitude to KEY: At the farewell party, he showed/expressed his gratitude to all the colleagues with tears in eyes. 3.考点： 1 不在于，而在于 doesn’t depend on A but B 2 你有多快乐 how happy you are KEY: The beauty of life doesn’t depend on how happy you are but how much happiness you bring to others. 4. So advanced is computer technology getting that it makes computers smaller in size and faster in speed. 5. There is no doubt that in such a competitive society, keeping a sense of humor contributes to reducing pressure and promoting creative thinking.
写作提纲: Para1: 描写图片 Para2：结合图片讨论感想 Para3: 主题升华 With one person thinking to himself how smelly the air is and the other contemplating what we can actually do to solve it, as it depicted in the picture, the two persons are reacting in completely different ways to the haze weather, which has almsot suffocated citizens from the stricken areas. As for which person is acting significantly, the answer is apparantly evident. When facing the terribly polluted weather, it isn’t how we feel but what we can do that actually matters. As the saying goes, “ Actions speak louder than words”. Take immediate actions and we may bear the hope that the weather will no longer be worsening and one day in the future our offsprings can breathe in fresh air without any potential risk. However, if we just copmlain without taking any steps, that will make no sense except being poisoned by the smog contiually. The message implied here is extremely clear that thinking how to resolve a problem and then acting without any hesitaion is of vital importance when encountering any problems like setbacks and challenges in our life. Only when we shift our attention from cursing irritatedly to seeking its solutions can what troubles us, such as the worsening environment, be tackled.
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