山西 2016 古县、离石区、高县八校联考第二次适应性考试 英 语 试 卷
第 I 卷 选择题（共 100 分） 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题，每小题 1 5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时
间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the boy doing? A. Shopping. B. Having dinner. C. Watching TV. 2．Who is the woman? A.A driver. B. A policewoman, C.A passer-by. 3. Where does the man suggest going? A. The cinema. B. The museum. C. The gallery. 4. What are the speakers doing? A. Having a drink. B. Jogging. C. Working. 5. Why was the movie cancelled? A.The weather is bad． B. Not enough tickets were sold. C. Another movie is being shown instead. 第二节（共 15 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 22,5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前， 你将有时间阅读各小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或 独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6．What day is it today? A. Tuesday. B. Wednesday. C. Thursday. 7. When does American History start today? A. At 8:00 a.m. B. At 9:00 a.m. C. At 2:00 p.m. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What does the woman prefer to read? A. Classics. B. Modern novels. C. Modern poems. 9. Why is the woman fond of The Catcher in the Rye? A. It is popular among young people. B. It represents different values. C. The content is great. 10. What matters most in the restaurant business according to the man? A. Having good assistant chefs. B. Knowing what the best ingredients are. C. Having good relationships with food suppliers. 11. What does the man do on a typical day? A. He goes to different markets to buy ingredients.
B. He only buys ingredients for three or four dishes. C. He goes to every single market in town to find the best food. 12. What is the food probably like in the man's restaurant? A. It is always fresh and creative. B. It is mostly the same throughout the year. C. A special menu is served at a fixed time. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Who are the speakers talking about? A. The woman's pet. B. Their daughter. C. Their neighbor's child. 14. What will the speakers do? A. Ask their neighbor. B. Send for a doctor. C. Take care of Lily at home. 15. How did Lily probably get sick? A. She ate something bad. B. She touched something dirty. C. She picked up stuff at the hospital. 16. What did Lily have two weeks ago? A. A disease. B. An examination. C. An accident. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. When did Chos et begin to build mobile robots? A. In middle school. B. In high school. C. In college. 1 8. What did Choset study in college? A. Computer science B. Engineering. C. Architecture. 19. What were Choset's classmates in college working on? A. Toy cars. B. Humanlike robots. C. Robotic snakes. 20. What is the special feature of Choset's snake robots? A. They can go where people can't. B. They can injure a person if they bite them. C. They can help people keep away from natural disasters. 第二部分阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、 B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A Scientists said on Thursday they have for the first time detected gravitational (引力的) waves, ripples (涟波) in space and time hypothesized (假设) by physicist Albert Einstein a century a go, in a landmark discovery that opens a new window for studying the cosmos. Discovering gravitational waves would be a huge deal for physics, cosmology, and our understanding of the universe at large. But if you’re not a scientist studying one of the mentioned fields, it’s possible you’ve never heard of these mysterious ripples. So what are gravitational waves and why is the discovery so significant? Gravitational waves are disturbances in space-time, the very fabric of the
universe, that travel at the speed of light. The waves are sent out by any mass that is changing speed or direction. The simplest example is a binary (二元的) system, where a pair of stars or compact objects (like black holes) orbit their common center of mass. We can think of gravitational effects as curvatures ( 曲率 ) in space-time. Earth’s gravity is constant and produces a static curve in space-time. A gravitational wave is a curvature that moves through space-time much like a water wave moves across the surface of a lake. It is generated only when masses are speeding up, slowing down or changing direction. The new discovery was made by a group of more than 1,000 scientists from universities around the United States as well as in 14 other countries. Director David Reitze announced on Thursday at a press conference that they detected gravitational waves. While opening a door to new ways t o observe the universe, scientists said gravitational waves should help them gain knowledge about mysterious objects like black holes and neutron stars. The waves also may provide insight into the mysterious nature of the very early universe. The scientists said that because gravitational waves are so radically (彻底 地) different from electromagnetic waves they expect them to reveal big surprises about the universe. 21. Discovering gravitational waves would be a huge deal for _______. A. medicine. B. literature. C. cosmology. D. philosophy. 22. The author explains the term of gravitational waves _______. A. by classifying B. by giving cause and effect C. by making a comparison D. by presenting a definition 23. The number of the countries that have scientists in the new discovery of gravitational waves is _______. A. 12. B. 13. C. 14. D. 15. 24. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A. Scientists can get further information about the universe by studying gravitational waves. B. Scientists expect gravitational waves to reveal big surprises about the universe. C. Gravitational waves are so radically different from electromagnetic waves. D. Scientists from all the world work together to study the mystery of the solar system. B Games are a good form of teaching or training children as they combine fun with knowledge. They make the teaching or training activities more interesting. They are
useful in all fields of teaching and training. Help your child discover just how much more is going on in the world around them with this listening game. It will also provide a few minutes of peace and quiet in what is probably a very noisy and busy day. A discussion of the sounds you each hear will also assist in language development and an ability to articulate that which was heard. Thesit-and-listen game is especially helpful if your child is at the stage of developing language skills: listening, speaking and so on. Method: This is a very relaxing activity in which you both need to sit still and silent for about 30 seconds and just listen to the world around you. You are both trying to hear as many different things as you can, whether they are cars, people, airplanes, water running, the wind in the trees or any other kinds of daily sounds. After the given time is up, having a chat about what you both could hear. It is a good idea to ask your little one some open ended questions to promote their language development, such as: "What were the loudest sounds you heard?" "What were the closest sounds you heard?" "How many cars did you hear?" "How far away do you think that barking dog might live?" "What sounds did you hear which you did not expect to hear?" Note: As an extension activity you may wish to draw a picture of all the things you could hear. 25. The sit-and-listen game is intended to develop____. A. your child's curiosity B. your child's imagination C. your child's patience D. your child's language ability 26. During the game, the child _. A. is given more time than the parent B. tries to catch any sound that is going on C. can go and explore outdoors if necessary D. can ask the parent any question he/ she has 27. After a discussion of the sounds, you can ask your child A. to write a diary B. to dictate the new words learnt C. to draw a picture of the happenings D. to imitate the sounds he/ she has heard 28. The underlined word "articulate" in the 2nd paragraph probably means _. A. describe B. ignore C. imitate D. imagine C Several years ago, Jeremy Clarkson, presenter of the famous BBC television programme ‘Top Gear’, discovered that one of his guests was half German and half Irish. Immediately, he said: “That’s quite an odd combination. It’s like, ‘this must be done absolutely perfectly? tomorrow’”. This joke played on stereotypes (刻板印象) of the Germans as efficient and the Irish as lazy. Many people could understandably be offended by these kinds of assertions. We do not know every Irish person, so how can we then conclude that every Irish person is lazy?
I re cently read on a website that Irish business people were described as being ‘generally rather casual’ and ‘more outwar dly friendly than many European countries’'. German business people, on the other hand, are considered to be very direct and according to the website, they ‘do not need a personal relationship in order to do business’. Once you hear advice like this, it becomes easier to understand where jokes like the one in the first paragraph come f rom. So why do some people disapprove of the kind of stereotypes as seen in Clarkson’s joke, but not batting an eyelid when it comes to generalisations. What is the difference between the two? By definition, a stereotype is a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing. A cultural characteristic, on the other hand, is a pattern of behaviour that is typical of a certain group. So what does this really mean? Stereotypes are simply overstated assumptions about groups of people. Imagine if a tourist visited a small town in Switzerland and saw a number of locals playing the alphorn instrument, and then claimed that Swiss people can play the alphorn. This would be a stereotype! This is an overstated image of the Swiss which is based on one tourist’s experience. If, however, this tourist were to say that the Swiss are very punctual, this could be seen as a cultural characteristic. This is because it is a pattern of behaviour which is very typical in Switzerland: from their transport system to their business meetings. In this way, some people argue that generalising another culture is not just useful, but important. Politicians always have to be mindful of the cultural characteristics of different countries. By becoming aware of different cultural characteristics, they can avoid causing offence in those cultures. However, others argue that generalising cultures will always lead to offensive stereotypes. They argue that the best thing we can do is to stop generalising cultures and start treating people as individuals. All this raises important questions: can making generalisations about groups of people be a positive thing? Or should we always avoid making broad assumptions about different groups? 29. When he said, “It’s like, ‘this must be done absolutely perfectly? tomorrow’”, Jeremy Clarkson really meant ___________. A. the Germans will do it perfectly tomorrow while the Irish won’t B. the combination of half German and half Irish is interesting C. the characteristics of the Germans and the Irish are opposite D. the stereotypes of the Germans and the Irish are not so good 30. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. The Irish people are considered as lazy, direct and casual. B. The Germans are thought to be efficient, friendly and direct. C. The Swiss can play the alphorn quite well. D. It’s typical of the Swiss to be punctual. 31. Politicians think it important to generalize another culture because ________. A. they think different cultural characteristics are useful
B. they don’t want to offend other people C. cultural characteristics are better than stereotypes D. generalizing will lead to offensive stereotypes 32. The main purpose of this passage is to ____________. A. discuss whether it is good to make generalizations about groups of people B. tell us the differences between stereotypes and cultural characteristics C. illustrate the importance of making generalizations D. show it is wrong to play jokes on stereotypes of different people D In the last 30 years, the Make-A-Wish Foundation has granted nearly 300,000 wishes worldwide to children battling life-threatening illnesses, throwing light on worlds darkened by diseases and bringing hope to children and their families. With a foreword（序） by Make-A-Wish cofounder Frank Shankwitz, Once Upon A wish shares the wishes and stories of eight children. These families generously invite us into their worlds, allowing us to become part of their darkest moments, their unimaginable realities, their greatest hopes, deepest fears, and unbelievable successes. Experience the story of Katelyn, a little girl, becoming a medical marvel （奇迹） after lighting all the odds stacked against her and making it her life-long goal to raise $3 million for St. Jude Hospital; read about a wheelchair-bound boy, Garrett, giving the gift of mobility to disabled Cambodian men and wom en; cheer for a little boy, Dakota, who collects millions of pennies each year to help others fight the disease he once fought. Become inspired and forever-chang ed by the generosity, hope, courage, and optimism of these children and their families and experience the power of two words - I wish. Once Upon A Wish is a celebration of hope, revealing how wishes-come-true can become motivators and cherished gifts that will last a lifetime. Price: $9.99 Where to download: Available on the iPhone , iPad , iPod touch, and Mac. Category: Biographies & Memoirs Published: Mar 05, 2013 Publisher: BenBella Books, Inc. Seller: The Perseus Books Group, LLC Print Length: 352 Pages Language: English 33. We can learn that the Make-A-Wish Foundation____. A. was set up in the early 1990s B. was set up to help poor people all over the world
C. mainly offers free treatment to severely sick children D. aims at helping severely sick children fulfill their wishes 34. What is Once Upon A Wish mainly about? A. Wishes and stories of eight children. B. The history of the Make-A-Wish Foundation. C. Some children's experiences of helping others. D. Frank Shankwitz's personal experiences with some children. 35. Dakota spends the money he collects in helping____. A to set up St. Jude Hospital B. people infected with AIDS C. disabled Cambodians move around D those who are fighting the same disease as he once had 第二节（共 5 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。 When you're climbing up a hill or playing sports, your back is all wet and so is your face. Why? Because you are sweating. 36 When your body gets hotter than that, your brain doesn't like it. It wants your body to stay cool and comfortable. So the part of your brain that controls temperature sends a message to your body, telling it to sweat. Then sweat glands（腺）in your skin start making sweat。 37 When the sweat hits the air, the air makes it turn from a liquid to a vapor.As the sweat leaves off your skin, you cool down. Sweat is a great cooling system. 38 Then you need to put liquid back in your body by drinking plenty of water so you won't get dehydrated（脱水的） ． Sweat isn't just wet -it can be kind of stinky（恶臭的） ，too. _39 It's the bacteria that live on your skin that mix with the sweat and give it a stinky smell. And when you reach puberty（青春期）,special hormones affect the glands in your armpits- these glands make sweat that can really smell. Luckily, regular washing with soap and water can usually keep stinky sweat under control. So don’t worry about a little sweat - it's totally normal and everybody sweats. Sometimes too much sweating can be a sign that there is something wrong in the body,but this is rare in kids. 40 A. Sweat by itself doesn’t smell at all. B. When people sweat, they lose water in their body. C. Your body works best when its temperature is about 370C. D. The sweat leaves your skin through tiny holes called pores（毛孔） ． E. The vapor goes into the air and turns into drops of water when it comes across cold. F. But if you think you have a sweat problem, talk to your parent or your doctor about it. G. If you're sweating a lot on a hot day or after playing hard you could be losing too much water through your skin. 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节完形填空（共 20 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A. B.C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项。 One of the most exciting archaeological (考古的) discoveries in history was made in November 1922, when Howard Carter was 41 in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt. After many months of digging, he finally 42 an unknown tomb (坟墓). 43 with his friend Lord Carnarvon, who was providing the money for his work, Carter entered the 44 tomb. At first there was 45 , because the tomb was 46 , and it was clear that it had been robbed (盗 窃) at some time in the past. 47 , one of the workers eventually uncovered a small stairway that led down to another door that had not been 48 . Carter went down the dark staircase, walking 49 in case there were any traps (陷阱). As he opened the 50 , Lord Carnarvon asked if he could see anything. He replied, “Yes, 51 things.” It was clear at once that they had discovered what they had been 52 . The tomb of King Tutankhamun was full of treasures of 53 value. There were over 5,000 objects of silver, gold and precious stones which had lain there 54 for thousands of years. Lord Carnarvon’s 55 at discovering the treasures did not last long. Many of the local people were afraid of 56 the kings’ tombs, and believed that the kings would punish anyone who 57 them. Lord Carnarvon had paid little attention to these 58 , but only a few weeks later, he 59 fell ill and died; at the exact time of his death, all the lights in Cairo went out all of a sudden, and far away in England, his dog also 60 . 41. A. traveling B. visiting C. working D. standing 42. A. fell into B. passed b y C. came across D. knocked down 43. A. Back B. Again C. Around D. Together 44. A. new B. dark C. warm D. familiar 45. A. joy B. surprise C. satisfaction D. disappointment 46. A. empty B. wet C. dirty D. quiet 47. A. Instead B. However C. Therefore D. Besides 48. A. fixed B. locked C. opened D. replaced 49. A. calmly B. quickly C. confidently D. carefully 50. A. door B. tomb C. case D. eye
51. A. terrible strange 52. A. lost ruined 53. A. no little 54. A. undivided unplanned 55. A. fear pleasure 56. A. building disturbing 57. A. bought met 58. A. jokes stories 59. A. finally suddenly 60. A. died disappeared
B. D. wonderful
C. C. B.
B. looking for D. focusing on C. low B. undeveloped D. undiscovered B. worry D. shame B. repairing D. closing B. entered D. cleaned B. mistakes D. warnings B. really D. actually B. changed D. returned D. great
C. C. C. C. C. C. C.
注意：请考生用 0.5mm 黑色中性笔填写。 第 II 卷 非选择题 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节（10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料， 在空白处填入适当的内容 （不多于三个单词） 或括号内单词的正确形式。 At present, high school students are 61 increasing pressure to study long hours every day. They spend over 8 hours a day studying at school, some of 62 even have to attend extra classes in their spare time. This greatly affects their health and makes their parents and teachers 63 (concern). To help solve 64 problem, recently, some relevant government departments have made a new 65 (regular) that no students shall go to school at weekends 66 during official holidays. We support such a reform and we know that 67 is essential and important for us students to balance study and relaxation. You see, New Year’s Day 68 (approach), and I’ll make good use of the time to relax. Also, I come to realize that 69 I can rest well, I will be able to study 70 (effective) when I come back to school. 第四部分写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节短文改错（共 10 小题：每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同学写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号( )，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下面划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Frank Li joined in the army after middle school. He did quite well in everything besides shooting, One day the new soldiers were practiced shooting, and all of them were doing quite well except Frank. After he had shot at the target nine times and had not hit once, the officer shouted at him, “You're quite hopeful. Don't waste your last bullet! Go behind that wall and shoot yourself with it !” Frank went behind the wall,and a few seconds late the sound of a shot was heard by the officer and the other soldier. “Heavens!” the officer said” Has that silly man real done so?” He ran behind the wall anxiously, and Frank was all right.”I'm sorry’ ”Frank said， ” but I miss again.” 第二节书面表达（满分 25 分） 你的美国笔友 Tom 来信和你讨论个人信息保护问题，让你就如何保护个人 信息给他一些建议。请你以李华的名义重点从以下两个方面谈谈自己的看法： 1、给予足够重视； 2、学会如何保护。 注意： 1、词数 120 左右； 2、文章开头已经写好，但不计人总词数。 Dear Tom． We are living in the Information Age.___ _
Yours, Li Hua
英语参考答案 AABCC BBACA
二、阅读 21-24CDDA 25-28DBCA 29-32CDBA 33-35DAD 36-40CDGAF 41-45.CCDBD 46-50.ABCDA 51-55.DBDDC 56-60.CBDCA 三、语法 61. under 考查固定短语。Under pressure 处在压力之下； 62. whom 考查定句，句意：他们一天八个小时在学校，许多人还上补习课，指的是人， 故用 whom. 63.concerned 考查固定短语。 Make sb concerned 使某人担心。 64.the/this 考查冠词。句意：为了帮助解决这个问题，相关部门制定一系列的规定， 不允许学生在周末或假期补课。表示特指。 65.regulation 考查名词。句意：为了帮助解决这个问题，相关部门制定一系列的规定， 不允许学生在周末或假期补课。 66.or 考查连词。句意：为了帮助解决这个问题，相关部门制定一系列的规定，不允 许学生在周末或假期补课。 67.it 考查代词， 句意： 我们知道这对于我们学生来说平衡学习与休息是非常有必要 的。 68.is approaching 考查动词的时态。句意：春节即将临近，我们要利用时间休息。 69.if 考查连词。句意：我也意识到，如果我休息好，我就能更有效地在学校学 习。 70.effectively 考查副词。Effectively 用来修饰 study
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