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作文讲义2


Personalities 写人记叙文(下)+高级词汇的使用
总结第二 总结第 二段模板 模板: ? Sara is a …..woman in her…, with a …build, …eyes and …hair. ? (Sara, who has a…build,…eyes and…hair, is a …woman in her….) 词汇扫盲 自身特点: a

mbitious ,determined… 对他人态度: polite polite, optimistic… optimistic 如何生动地描写性格特点 1)学会非谓语作状语 2)学会举例 3)学会因果表达 Personality

? Although she dresses dresses…,she… she

自身特点必背词汇

他人

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

勤奋的 勤学好问的 兢兢业业的 自信的 雄心勃勃的 执著的,坚定的 谦虚的

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Diligent---lazy Inquiring---inquisitive Dedicated Self-assured---self-im Ambitious---un… Ambitious un… Determined---stubborn Modest

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

爱社交的,爱扎堆的 爱社交的 爱扎堆的 易相处的 性情温和的 彬彬有礼的 可靠的,值得信赖的 靠 真诚的 诚实的 热情的

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Sociable un Sociable---un Easy-going---difficult E Even-tempered---shortt d h t Polite---im/rude Reliable; trustworthy—(un) Sincere---in Honest---dis Enthusiastic---(un) Enthusiastic (un)
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重点句型4:非谓语动词作伴随状语 ? 基本方法 :性格 性格+肢体行为

Mark seems to be rather shy y and unsociable, usually sitting silently in the corner of the classroom. 常常使用:look,walk,smile,sit,stand,lie等等
? 乐观的 ? optimistic ? 悲观的 ? pessimistic ? He is friendly and easy-going, (usually)对每个遇到的人都报以微笑 对每 的 都报 ? He is friendly and easy-going, usually smiling at every one she meets ? The boy seems to be rather shy and unsociable,总是盯着天花板当说 话时。 ? The boy seems to be rather shy and unsociable, always staring at the ceiling when speaking to people.

? The man is greedy and a miser, _______________________ ? The man is greedy and a miser, always watching his pennies carefully. f ll 句型5:学会举例 ? For example/instance, 句子 ? A good case in point is that 句子 ? An example of this is the fact that 句子

? Jason is very sociable and ambitious, always going to parties and meeting people. people ? An example of this is the fact that he is already the president of the school debating society society. ? The man is greedy and a miser, always watching his pennies carefully. ? A good case in point is that 他打车绝不坐前面 ? The man is greedy and a miser, always watching his pennies carefully. ? A good case in point is that he never chooses to sit in the front when he takes a taxi with his friends.
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? My cousin seems to be rather lazy and unambitious, usually leaning against the wall whenever he can. For instance, 他从来不会主动(voluntarily )做家务活 ? Sandra is a rather naughty girl, enjoying making fun of people and getting g g them into trouble. ? An example of this is the fact that she once put the shampoo in her teacher’s cup and was then punished to sweep the classroom for a whole week.

句型六:因果表达法

cause ? HH is handsome

effect ? He is popular with the girls
练习

People trust Paul because he is so honest (due to)

He is very successful because he works extremely hard. (as a result of)

? Because Jane has lived in exotic places and has had so many strange experiences she is an interesting person. experiences, person ( Owing to) ? I don’t like her because she is vain and self-centered (consequently) ? Han Geng is a dedicated and ambitious pop singer, usually smiling radiantly whenever he appears on the stage. ? An example of this is the fact that he was once the leader of SJ group. ? As a result of his attractive appearance pp and g gentle character, , he has become extremely popular among high school students home and abroad.
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? Jason is very sociable and ambitious, always going to parties and meeting people. people ? An example of this is the fact that he is already the president of the school debating society society. ? Owing to his diligence and out-going character , he has been adored by all the teachers in our school

第三段模板

lifestyle
? Profession: ? He is a distinguished scientist who is famous for his research in genetics. ? Family: ? She has no time for family life ? Hobbies and interests: ? he goes to the college gym because it’s important for him to be healthy ? Ambitions, beliefs, future goals: ? Andrew’s ambition is to climb Mt Everest

? She is a _____ and _____ woman, usually doing…

? An example of this is the fact that…

? As a result of her… her she… she

第四段模板 ? My teacher of German at PKU, Herr Gaertner, has a very unpredictable u p ed ctab e lifestyle. esty e. ? When he has a holiday, he tends to get up late. Then he goes to the college g gym gy because it’s important p for him to be healthy. y ? He teaches only twice a week. Therefore, his profession enables his to fulfill one of his dreams---to travel. ? His ambition is to travel around the world by the age 60 and he believes that people should learn to enjoy life as you never know what the future holds ? 总起: 总起 Sb has a busy y lifestyle. y ? Have a modern/comfortable/expensive/active/healthy lifestyle

? 深入:(profession, family, hobby)

? 升华:Sb believes that no lession can be regarded as successful unless students and teachers share at least one loud laugh.
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第五段模板 ? My teacher of English has a very busy lifestyle lifestyle. ? She normally gets up 5:30, and then goes straight to work. She often has working breakfasts and lunches and meetings to attend. attend she also has to travel on business once in a while. Therefore, she isn’t able to spend p much time with her family y and friends, , although g she tries to keep her weekends free. ? She believes in hard work and that the key y to success lies in honesty y and determination.

? To my mind, Sara Smit is a …who is a wonderful role model, not only for/because...but also for/because… ? To my mind, Sara Smith is a dedicated professional who is a wonderful role model, , not only y for the children but also for the teachers as well.

? When I …I was introduced to Sara Smith, , xxx ? She is a …..woman in her…, with a …build, …eyes and …hair. Although she dresses… ? She is a _____ and _____ woman, usually doing… An example of this is the fact that… As a result of her… she… ? She Sh h has a b busy lif lifestyle. t l (profession, family, hobby) She believes in hard work and that the key to success lies in honesty and determination. ? To my mind, Sara Smith…

书面表达 介绍20世纪初杰出女性之 世纪初杰出女性之一:海伦凯勒 :海伦凯勒 (hellen keller) 内容要点: 1 1880年6月出生于美国。 1.1880 月出生于美国 19个月大时,由于生病变得又聋又盲。 个月大时 由于生病变得又聋又盲 2. 七岁时,她的父母给她找了一名老师-Miss Sullivan. Miss Sullivan在教海伦的过程中遇到许多困难,由于海伦的坚强意志和 智慧,她克服了所有困难,取得成功 ? 3.她完成了大学教育,取得了英语文学学位;她致力于残疾儿童的 完成了大学教育,取得了英语文学学位; 致力于残疾 童的 社会工作;有许多著作,其中我的一生(the story of my life)最为 著名 ? ? ? ?
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高级词汇的积极运用
? 必会高级形容词与副词 ? 必会高级动词 习作分析 ? Arrived on Sunday, the hotel is good. We’ve got a big room and the food is nice. It’s been hot everyday so far, so we’ve spent most of the time on the beach, along with everyone else. It’s very crowed. But the sea is actually cold. That’s because it’s Atlantic coast, I suppose. Tomorrow we’re going i to walk to a small seaside i village i about 10 kilometers from here. I imagine I’ll be really tired by the time we get back but it does sound an interesting place and I’m looking forward to it back, it.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

写作常见垃圾词汇 Good Bad big Small afraid Surprised worried

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

写作必背积极词汇 Fantastic terrific Fantastic, terrific, marvellous Terrible, awful, dreadful Huge/enormous Tiny Frightened/scared/terrified t i h d/ d astonished/amazed concerned

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Hot Cold Interested Funny y Boring Tired hungry

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Boiling Freezing Fascinated Amusing g Dull, monotonous Exhausted starving

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Angry sad d happy Crowded famous Excited beautiful

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

furious be filled with sorrow g , delighted,ecstatic Packed distingusihed exhilarated breathtaking
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习作分析

? Arrived on Sunday, the hotel is good. We’ve got a big room and the food is nice. nice It’s been hot everyday so far, far so we’ve spent most of the time on the beach, along with everyone else. else It’s very crowed. crowed But the sea is actually cold. That’s because it’s Atlantic coast, I suppose. tomorrow we’re going to walk to a small seaside village about 10 kilometers from here. I imagine I’ll be really tired by the time we get back, back but it does sound an interesting place and I’m looking forward to it.

? Arrived on Sunday, the hotel is terrific. We’ve got a enormous/huge room and the food is marvellous. It’s g everyday y y so far, , so we’ve spent p most of the been boiling time on the beach, along with everyone else. It’s absolutely packed. But the sea is actually freezing. That’s because it’s Atlantic coast, I suppose. Tomorrow we’re going to walk to a tiny seaside village about 10 kilometers from here. I imagine I’ll be completely exhausted by the time we get back, but it does sound an fascinating f i i place and I’m looking i forward f to it.

practices ? Was W it very tiring? ti i ? ? Yes we were absolutely _____ ? I was very interested in her talk ? Yes, it was absolutely _____ ? Maria said it was a frightening film. ? Yes it was absolutely _____ ? Was it very cold? ? Oh yes, it was _____

? How was the football match? ? Ok, Ok but b it i was ___. There Th were so many people l we couldn ld ’t really ll see. ? We didn’t get a meal till 21:00 and I was absolutely ___. ? Our holiday villa was ___. It slept 12 easily. ? How’s your new office? ? Oh, the temperature’s awful. It’s either ___ or absolutely ___ ? The new disco is absolutely ___. I’d never go there again. I hated it.
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必会高级动词 ? Stella was suddenly reminded of herself and Tom, many years before, playing a game of hide-and-seek. Crouching, she had come out t from f h her hidi hiding place l b behind hi d a h hedge. d A Across th the l lawn she h h had d seen Tom heading for some trees. Walking out, she raced across the open grass grass, quickly looking towards Tom to see what he was doing doing. ? Suddenly, she realized he had seen her, as Tom was walking straight towards her. For a little while, she thought she still might make it by running her hardest, hardest but Tom was already smiling triumphantly. triumphantly Reaching the tin that marked the base, he casually kicked it over. She stopped short, out of breath, and looked at him angrily

? ? ? ? ? ?

Look L k See Walk Smile Run say

? ? ? ? ? ?

glance/glare l / l spot/glimpse stride/creep(tiptoe)/stagger grin rush/sprint/dash whisper/yell/scream/roar

? Stella was suddenly reminded of herself and Tom, many years before, playing a game of hide-and-seek. hide and seek Crouching, Crouching she had crept out from her hiding place behind a hedge. Across the lawn she had spotted Tom heading for some trees. Striding out, she raced across the open grass, quickly glancing towards Tom to see what he was doing.

? Suddenly, she realized he had glimpsed her, as Tom was tiptoeing straight towards her. For a little while, she thought she still might make it by sprinting her hardest, but Tom was already grinning triumphantly. R hi th Reaching the ti tin th that t marked k d th the b base, h he casually ll ki kicked k d it over. Sh She stopped short, out of breath, and glared at him angrily
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