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高考英语语法填空解题技巧与练习(1)


语法填空训练:共 21 页

高考英语语法填空解题技巧与练习 语法填空的考查范围: 1 语境(上下文); 2 语法: 动词(时态、语态、主谓一致、非谓语形式)、名词、代词、冠词、介词、连词 固定搭 配、情态动词、复合句、形容词和副词的比较级最高级及构词法、倒装等。 语法填空的能力要求: 1.阅读/理解语篇的能力 2.分析句子结构的能力 3.熟练运用语法的能力

4.单词拼写能力和逻辑推理能力等,对中下层考生来说,难度较大。

重点复习:掌握句子的基本结构 首先,我们必须熟练掌握简单句的基本句型结构: (1) 主语+谓语(+宾语+宾补) (2) 主语+系动词+表语 其次,我们要充分了解充当各个句子成分的典型词类: (1) 充当主语或宾语的典型词类是名词或代词。此外,还有动名词、不定式短语 等。 (2) 充当谓语的一定是动词。 (3) 充当补语或表语的典型词类是形容词。 (4) 在名词前作定语的典型词类是形容词或形容词性物主代词。 (5) 作状语的典型词类是副词。 再次,我们还要掌握句子的扩展结构:两个或几个简单句之间若不用句号或分号,就必须 要用连词,否则,句子的结构就不完整。连词主要有以下四类: (1) 用 and,but,or,while(而,却),when(就在这个时候)等构成并列句。 (2) 用 if,unless,before,after,until,although,though,as,since,because,so,so that 等构成 含状语从句的复合句(这里要注意区分一下复杂句和复合句,复合句是包含在复杂句这个 概念里面的,在下文的基础写作部分有提到)。 (3) 用 who,which,that,when,where,why 等构成含定语从句的复合句。(这里要 提醒考生的是往往不给任何提示的空就是填连词或关系词的,但也须结合句子结构来分 析。) (4) 用 that,if/whether(是否),wh-等构成含名词性从句的复合句。 解题方法:用句子结构分析法巧解语法填空.分析句子的结构对解答语法填空题很有帮助。 在解答语法填空题时,分析句子结构可以迅速确定所要填的词语的词类或大致方向,若再 结合语境就可以很快得出具体的词语或词形,结合语境方面要特别注意短文的时态和上下 文中的一些提示。 如: 阅读下面短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语,或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡上标号的相应位置。 1

语法填空训练:共 21 页

The Internet has become part of young people’s life. ____1____ report shows that 38% of students often use the Internet . Most of them get _____2____ (use) information on the Internet ____3____ use the Internet to help in their studies. But many students don’t use it _____4____ a good way. Some play games too much, some visit websites ____5____ shouldn’t look at. So bad things may happen ____6___ students spend too much time on the Internet. _____7____ is important for students to use the Internet properly. Now we have a textbook, _____8____ uses many examples to teach students some good ways to use the Internet. It gives useful advice. Some students also make ____9____ on the Internet. But if you want to have a face-to-face ____10_____ (meet) with your online friends, let your parents know and meet in a proper place. 1. A .从下文中可以看出这是一个报道表明,前文还没有出现,无须特指.考查冠词的用法. 2. useful. 提示词 use 有名词和动词的词性,在这里是要一个形容词修饰 imformation.考 察词性的判定和转化。 3. and. 从这个句子要表达的意思来看 get 和 use 是并列的谓语动词。 4. in . 固定搭配,in a way 表示用某种方法。 5. they. 这是一个省略了 that/which 的定语从句,从句子成分来看,此句缺乏主语,是 用来修饰 websites,而关系代词在定语从句种作宾语,故省略,填 they 来作从句中的主 语。 6. if .从上一句话承接下来的一个结果,但用了情态动词 may,此空应该填连词来引导一个 条件状语从句。 7. It. 形式主语 it 代替真正的主语-不定式 to use the Internet. 8. which. 通过句子分析法可以知道这是一个非限制性的定语从句。 9. friends. 由语境,下文中 online friends 推断出 make friends 这个短语。 10. meeting . 提示词 meet 虽有名词词性,但 have a meeting 是习惯搭配。 下面是一些基本语法的解析,结合以往的一些单项选择考题作为理解之用(加深对基础语法 的理解,对各个部分都有指导作用): 一、动词(谓语/非谓语) 给出动词的原形,根据句子结构的需要给出其适当的形式。填动词形式,首先抓住主谓结 构,确定主句,剩下的部分,如有连词,则是句子,仍然有主谓结构,否则就用非谓语; 是谓语就思考时态,语态,主谓一致,是非谓语就看主动被动,有否先后关系。 动词及动词短语辨析 主要考查的知识点:每年必考的考点,主要从以下几个角度来命题:①习惯性用法。测试 语境中动词的词义辨析;测试一些习惯用语中的动词;测试一些系动词。②下列动词组成 的短语:break,carry,come,get,give,go,look,pick,send,set,take,turn。 ⑤英语词组的深层含义挖掘、多种含义拓宽也是当今考题的一个热点。每年的高考英语科 考试大纲中虽列出了单词和词组,但并未注明其具体的含义,这就给命题者留下了自由的 伸缩空间。所以在复习时,不能拘泥于其在教材上的含义,要大胆地对其深层含义进行挖 掘。如:go out 便可挖掘出以下含义:出去;出国;发出去;贴出去;出去参加社交活 动;离家出去工作;压塌;(火)熄灭;过时;死去;消失;辞职;下台;结束;罢工 等。(在完形填空中多加注意) 2

语法填空训练:共 21 页

【例 17】Two or three years ago this kind of glass es was a favorite with the children,but now it _______ . A. has gone over B. has gone out C. goes by D. is going down 【答案】B 【解析】go out 在这是“过时”之意。答案选 B。 【例 18】They’ve _______ us £150,000 for the house. Shall we take it? A. provided B. supplied C. shown D. offered 【答案】D 【解析】解答本题时不能只依据表面意思来选择。provide 表示“提供”之意,但常构成 provide sb. with sth.(提供某人某物)或 provide sth.for sb.(提供某物给某人); supply 也表示“提供”之意,但常构成:supply sb. with sth. 或 supply sth.to sb; show 意为“带路,给某人看”,不合句意;offer 常用为:offer sb. sth.(提供某物给 某人)。所以答案是 D。 【例 19】To everybody’s surprise,the fashionable young lady _______ to be a thief. A. found out B. proved out C. putout D. turned out 【答案】D 【解析】find out 表示“打听,查明”;prove out 搭配错误;putout 表示 “扑灭,熄灭”;turn out 表示“证明是,结果是”。故答案为 D。 1. ? Ms Chen (teach) me English since Junior 1, and to show my appreciation I decided to get her a present. (广州一模) 2. ? I was certain she would like it because I (tell) by my classmates that she loved hot food. (广州一模) 3. ? The exam, which was originally to be held in our classroom,__________ (change) to the library at the last minute. .(广州二模) 4. I had to leave work to take him to the hospital because he __________ (break) his finger. (深二模) 5. The child, Nicole Hobson, (take) by her mother to Children's Memorial Hospital about 11 p.m., Wednesday to check ?(汕头二模) 6. A transit spokesman said the driver should (make) radio call to the control center for help. (汕头二模) 7. An official from the Ministry of Education said that China follows an educational policy that (encourage) students to study abroad. (茂名二 模) 8. One of them was a visitor, saying he wouldn’t have been there if he ______ (watch)the weather forecast the day before. (梅州二模) 9. We must also consider the reaction of the person (receive) the gift. (广州一模) 10 ? With the problem (solve), I felt proud of my achievement. .(广州二 模) 11 ? I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left_________ (complete) the rest. .(广州二模) 12. There, (place) neatly beside the empty dish ,were two nickels and five pennies—her tip! (深一模) 13. ( compare) with the previous year, the number of students who went abroad for study was increased by 15 ,000, or a rise of 13%. (茂名二模) 3

语法填空训练:共 21 页

14. Storms swept along New Mexico's border with Texas on Friday, ______(destroy) homes and other buildings and injuring?(梅州二模) 15.We must practise speaking and (write) the language whenever we can. 16.but it is not enough only (memorize) rules from a grammar book. (佛山 一模) 17. The television viewer makes no choice and no judgment. He is completely passive and has everything ______ (present) to him without any effort on his part. (东莞一模) Keys: 1. has taught / has been teaching /had taught /had been teaching 2. was told/ had been told 3. was changed 4. had broken 5. was being taken 6. have made 7. encourages 8. had watched 9. receiving 10. solved 11. to complete12. placed 13. compared 14. destroying 15. writing 16. to writing 17. presented 二、名词 主要考查的知识点:名词的用法,语境中词性的判断,词的转化。在语法填空题中常出现给 一个提示词要求用它的正确形式填空, 重点复习:①掌握名词单复数的变化规律以及与相近语法的关系(名词单复数的使用受冠 词、数词和主谓一致等语法的制约,因此复习名词单复数时,应注意分析名词前的数词、 量词、冠词等修饰语情况,还应注意主谓一致问题)。②熟悉、区别可数不可数(英语中 有些名词有时为可数名词,而有时又是不可数名词,其区别由各自不同的用法而定,这是 名词可数性用法的难点)。如:work 工作,不可数名词;著作 作品,可数;工厂 作坊, 可数;工程 工事,可数。③掌握名词所有格的表示方法和名词作定语的用法,特别注意 else 的所有格、双重所有格的用法。 【例 7】The faces of four famous American presidents on Mount Rushmore can be seen from a _______ of 60 miles. A. length B. distance C. way D. space 【答案】B【解析】本题考搭配,from at a distance of...从??的距离。选 B。 考点 3 代词 主要考查的知识点:不定代词和替代词的用法,It 的用法和人称代词宾格。复习重点:① 指代必须准确无误。②在使用人称代词、反身代词、物主代词这三类代词时,要注意它们 在句中的人称、单复数及性别与所有格的一致性。③疑问代词的用法。④it,one,that 是 高考命题锁定的三个代词。 【例 8】—Which of the three ways shall I take to the village? — _______ way as you please. A. Each B. Every C. Any D. Either 【答案】C 【解析】根据句中 three 一词,可以相应的判断答语中应用表示三者的词,即 在 A、B、C 中选择。另外,从语境上看,问者询问的是“我应该走哪条路可以到达乡 村?”而从答话人的语气看,应是“哪条路(任何一条路)都可以”。故选 C。 三、代词 主要考查的知识点:不定代词和替代词的用法,It 的用法和人称代词宾格。复习重点:① 指代必须准确无误。②在使用人称代词、反身代词、物主代词这三类代词时,要注意它们 在句中的人称、单复数及性别与所有格的一致性。③疑问代词的用法。④it,one,that 是 高考命题锁定的三个代词。 【例 8】—Which of the three ways shall I take to the village? 4

语法填空训练:共 21 页

— _______ way as you please. A. Each B. Every C. Any D. Either 【答案】C 【解析】根据句中 three 一词,可以相应的判断答语中应用表示三者的词,即 在 A、B、C 中选择。另外,从语境上看,问者询问的是“我应该走哪条路可以到达乡 村?”而从答话人的语气看,应是“哪条路(任何一条路)都可以”。故选 C。 考点 4 形容词 副词 主要考查的知识点:形容词作定语,形容词和副词的比较等级,词义比较等。 重点复习:①形容词和副词均属修饰性词类,但因被修饰的内容有所不同而具备不同的用 法,高考非常注重对此进行考查,在完形填空和语法填空中出现过大量此类试题。(形容 词与连系动词连用及修饰名词;修饰行为动词、形容词、副词、过去分词及整个句中用副 词)②两个事物进行比较应用比较级,三个或三个以上事物进行比较应用最高级。③形容 词和副词在特定的语境中词义的比较。④比较级的程度修饰语(much,very much,a lot,a great deal,far,by far,even,still,a bit,a little,rather,any,数 词,倍数,分数,百分数等)。⑤易混副词的辨析。如:specially /especially/ particularly 等。 【例 9】—What do you think of the film we saw last night? —I feel _______ that the film is well worth seeing once again? A. strong B. strongly C. hardly D. hard 【答案】B 【解析】that 引导一个宾语从句,由此可以判断 feel 在此不是一个连系动 词,而是一个实义动词。I feel strongly that...“我坚信??”。故答案为 B。 挖掉代词,句子的结构受到破坏,句子间出现不连贯。 1. ?I patiently walked to the library, took my seat and did some deep breathing to help relax . (广州二模) 2. The little boy pulled right hand out of the pocket and studied a number of coins in it. (深一模) 3. ?the driver did to help and even stopped once to pick up more passengers.(汕头二模) 4.If you give your children ? that they can never do anything quite right, then they will regard as unfit or unable persons. (深圳罗湖) 5. Some 134,000 Chinese students went to study abroad, and 120,000 of were self-funded students,?(茂名二模) 6.Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear spoken.(佛山一 模) Keys: 1. myself 2. his 3. nothing 4. themselves 5. them 6. it 四、冠词 主要考查的知识点:冠词的基本用法、零冠词的用法、抽象名词具体化和固定搭配。 复习重点:(1)定冠词的用法:主要是一些记忆性的东西,比较繁杂,可以记几个顺口 溜:特指双熟悉,上文已提及;世上独无二,序数最高级;普转专有名,习语及乐器。 ①“特指”指某些人或事物。如:The Englishmen in the dining room are having supper now.②谈话双方都熟悉的人或事物,即“语境特指”。如:Take the medicine.③ 上文已提及的人或事物,即“前照应特指”。如:He bought a house. I have been to the house. ④世界上独一无二的事物。如:The sun sets.⑤序数词或形容词最高级前。 如:I live on the second floor.⑥由普通名词构成的专有名词前。如:The United States.⑦一些习惯短语中或西洋乐器前。如:in the way,by the hour,on the other hand,all the year round,play the piano the violin. 5

语法填空训练:共 21 页

2)不加冠词的几种情况:下列情况应免冠,代词限定名词前;专有名词不可数,学科球类 三餐饭;复数名词表泛指,两节星期月份前;颜色语种和国名,称呼习语及头衔。①名词 前已有作定语用的 this,that,some,any,my 等限定词。②专有名词和不可数名词前。 如:Unity is strength.③表示学科的名词前。如:Economics is different from politics.④球类活动的名词及三餐总称前。如:He likes playing football and always has supper outside. ⑤复数名词表示泛指(一类人或事物)时。如:They are students and we are teachers.⑥节日、季节、星期、月份前。如:Spring follows winter. We have few classes on Sunday.⑦表示颜色、语种和国家的非全称名词前。如:White is a beautiful color in China.⑧在称呼语或表示头衔的名词前。如:Where is Dad,Mum? Bush was made president of the USA again.⑨某些习惯短语中。如:in bed,in spite of,by chance,lose heart,catch fire,catch sight of,go to school,find fault with,make use of,take exception to(反对)。(零冠词在语法填空的练习中只出现 过一次,正规模拟考试中没有出现过,我们只作了解,不作为重点。) 3)不定冠词的几种特殊用法:①专有名词前用不定冠词,表示“像??的一个人或物”。 如:He thinks he is a Napoleon.②姓名前用不定冠词,表示“某个叫??的人”,多指 不认识的人。如:A Miss Smith came to see you that afternoon.③用于某些物质名词 前,表示“一种、一份、一阵”等。如:—What would you like to drink?—A tea and a coffee.④用于某些抽象名词前,使抽象概念具体化。这种用法的名词有 surprise, knowledge,success,failure,pleasure,interest,joy 等等。如:All his efforts ended in failure.⑤不定冠词用在 population,history,area,height,weight, depth,length,speed 等词前。如:To escape the pull of the earth,a rocket must reach a speed of40,000 km h。 【例 6】Of all the subjects,I like______ history the best because it gives us _______ useful knowledge of things in the past. A. the;a B. /;a C. a; the D. a; / 【答案】B【解析】history 是不可数名词,前面一般不加冠词;knowledge 也是不可数名 词,但 knowledge 前加不定冠词,后跟 of 时组成 a knowledge of 结构,表示“对??精 通、了解”。所以答案为 B。 1.? But my mood quickly changed when I saw_____ first question. (广州二模) 2? Then I went to the department store ? and bought her expensive gift box of Sichuan beef. .(广州一模) 3. Tom, 8—year—old boy, entered a hotel coffee shop. (深一模) 4.He talked about how I wrestled with him in the evenings and _____ good many other things. (深二模) 5. I told the bus driver that my baby had just had heart operation and that she was having ____ heart failure. (汕头二模) 6.Television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also _____ comparatively cheap one.(东莞一模) Keys: 1. the 2. an 3. an 4. a 5. a 6. a 五、介词 介词为虚词,不能单独充当句子成分,必须同名词、代词、短语、句子构成介词短语,才 能充当句子成分。介词短语在句中常作表语、定语、状语和补足语。介词的用法比较复 杂,在英语学习中须多多注意。 想看基础知识,请看介词。 6

语法填空训练:共 21 页

下面我们来学点介词口诀。帮你快速记单词。 一、介词及介词短语 介词像个“游离体”, 名前动后常出现, 一旦组成“某结构”, 句中成分有一位。 “介+宾”叫“介短”, 作“形、副”句里边。 “宾补、表、定、状”, 都能用得上①。 “动+介”——动词性②, “及、不及物”谓语用。 成语、习语常固定, 应用起来有弹性。 注 ①介词后面的名词、代词或数词是介词的宾语,介词和介词宾语合成介词短语。介词短 语在句中的语法作用相当于形容词或副词,在句中做宾(主)语、补足语、表语、定语或 状语。 ②“动词+介词(副词)”组成一个动词词组或短语动词,其语法作用相当于一个及物动词 或不及物动词,在句中作谓语。

二、介词在句中的位置 介词活跃句关键, 短语合成形简单, 独作成分看不见, 介短表定状可担。 before 时空在之前, after 之后 off 远。 直上 over,above 斜, under,below 下相反。 直到 till,on 表面, 穿过 through,for 因缘。 by 表旁边 in 里面, with 伴随 by 车船。 时间地点 at、in、on, 二者 between 多 among, behind 后面 beside 旁, 附近 near 沿着 along。 from 来自 like 像, 表示目的 for,to 当。 of 所属周围 round, 向上 up 向下 down。

三、on,at,in 用法巧记 on,at,in 这三个常用介词都可以表示时间和地点,但具体用法不同,多数学生对它们混 淆不清。现在只要记住了口诀,就可避免 at,on,in 的种种误用。

1. on,in,at 表示时间 on“在具体某一天”① “当某时”,动名词, arrival,death 前; 用 in 一般“上”“下”“晚”; on 用于天,in 用于月、季、年③; 限定三时 in 要变。④ at 是个时间点, “工作”“时刻”与“圣诞”⑤。 at noon(night),in the day, 习惯用语记心间。 注:①on 表示在具体某一天及具体某一天的上午、下午和晚上。 7

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例 On Mother's Day, we should sned flowers to our mother. 母亲节,我们应该送花 给我们的母亲。 On my arrival home,I found he had gone already.当我到家时,我发现他已经走了。 ② 当 early,late 用于句首修饰介词短语时,尽管表示具体某一天的上午、下午、晚上, 都要用 in,泛指一般的上、下午,晚上也用 in 。 例 Early in the morning of National Day,I got up to catch the first bus to the zoo. 国庆节一清早,我便起床去赶到动物园的第一班公共汽车。 My father begins work at 8:00 in the morning and stops work at 4:00 in the afternoon. 我父亲上午 8 点上班,下午 4 点下班。 ③于将来时态表示“过一段时间后” 及表示“在??期间” 和“在某个季节,某年、某 月” 都用 in。 例 I hear he’ll be back in a month.我听说他将于一个月后回来。 In the course of the last lesson in French,little Franz was listening to the master very attentively.在那最后一堂法语课中,小弗朗兹非常用心地听着老师讲。 Xiao Ming was born in December of 2004. 小明生于 2004 年 12 月。

④当 morning,afternoon,evening 有前位定语或后置定语限定时,就不用 in 而用 on。 例 on a hot (summer) noon 在一个炎热(夏天)的中午 on Monday Morning 在星期一上午 on the morning of March 8th 在 3 月 8 日上午

⑤ 表示某时某刻及在 work,Christmas 前用 at。 例 We get up at eight o’clock. 我们 8 点起床。 My father are busily at work all day. 我父亲整天忙于工作。 In western countries children get present from their parents at Christmas. 在 西方国家,孩子们在圣诞节得到父亲给的礼物。

2. on,in,at 表示地点 on“在之上”接触面,“靠近、接壤、左右边”①; in“在里面”和“中间”②; at 表示小地点, “入口、车站、电影院”③; home 出现定语、冠, 须用 in 把 at 换④; “夜间、车辆”若有限, 及“在途中”on 在前⑤。 注: ①在表示地点时,指“在??之上(与表面接触)” “靠近、接壤”及“在左右 边”都用 on。 例 There is an English-Chinese dictionary and two grammar books on the big desk.那张大写字台上有一本英汉词典和两本语法书。 Korea lies on the northeast of China. 朝鲜位于中国东北方。 Tom was sitting on my left when we saw the film yesterday. 我们昨天看电影时, 汤姆坐在我左边。

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②表示“在??里面”(即物体内部),“在??中间”(即 middle 前)都用 in。 例 Jim turned the key in the lock and opened the door. 吉姆把钥匙插在锁孔里, 转动一下,打开了门。 Soon they were in the middle of the river. 很快他们就游到了河中间。 1.I was always told that the three Ps,?,were a sure path_______ success. (广州二模) 2."Don't be always particular _ your present work and income. (惠州一模) 3. It began to make sense to me that I could include praise along ______ constructive criticism. (深二模) 4. He showed the public a limited edition four-wheel drive car, which is especially made _______his personal taste. (梅州一模) 5. Five were in critical condition______ head trauma(外伤, 损伤), said Liz Crouch, the center's chief operating officer. (梅州二模) 6.There is no easy way to success language learning. Keys: 1. to 2. about 3. with 4. to 5. with 6. in 7. ninth 六、连词(从属连词/并列连词) A) 引导各种从句的连词叫从属连词。如名词性从句的引导词 what, who, which, when, where, whatever, whoever, whichever, whether;副词从句引导词 where, wherever, when, if , how, unless, until ? 1. ? Many things must be considered such as the person is interested in and how old he is. (广州一模) 2.My face turned red on hearing __ my mother said. (惠州一模) 3. she would point out they had mastered and declared firmly they could learn what they had missed. (深圳罗湖) 4.The American Academy of Pediatrics (儿科) says children really need for health development is more good, old-fashioned playtime.(四校联考) 5. I almost started to yell his name _____ I suddenly remembered he was in bed asleep. (深二模) 6. children believe they can succeed, they will never become totally independent. 7. Statistics show that China carried out the opening - up policy, a total of one million students have gone abroad for study. (茂名二模) 8. we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. (佛山一模) 9. Some people, however, maintain that this is precisely _________ the danger lies. Keys: 1. what 2. what 3. what 4. what 5. when 6. Unless 7. since 8. If 9. where B) 并列句的各种关联词叫并列连词。如 and, but, or, though, although, so? 挖掉 关联词,要想补上连词,思路必须与作者思路相吻合。

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1.? I had no idea how to do it. I tried to stay positive and persevered I finally found the solution. (广州二模) 2.? I asked my classmates about her interest I made my final decision. (广州一模) 3.Tom, an 8—year—old boy, entered a hotel coffee shop sat at a table. (深一模) 4. It is difficult for parents of nearly every family to teach their children to be responsible for housework, with one of the following suggestions, you really can get your children to help at home. (深圳罗湖) Keys: 1. until 2. and 3. and 4. but 七、情态动词 主要考查的知识点:情态动词的基本含义和用法;情态动词表推测的用法以及“情态动词 + have+ v ed”结构等。 重点复习:① may might,can could 表 示 可 能。② must can could may might (have done)表示对过去发生事情的推测。③should ought to + have + done 表示对过 去的责备。④would rather + have done 以及 had better + have done 表示后悔。 ⑤will shall 表示请求,许可。⑥could might should have done 表示虚拟语气。 【例 16】—Summer Holiday is drawing near. Are you going home for the holiday? —I haven’t decided yet. I go home,but it depends on the weather. A. must B. need C. may D. will 【答案】C 【解析】本题考查情态动词表示可能性的用法。must 表示非常肯定的语气, need 不用于肯定,will 表示“意愿”,而 may 表示把握不大的一种可能性,后面常跟 but 分句。故答案为 C。 八、形容词/副词 主要考查的知识点:形容词作定语,形容词和副词的比较等级,词义比较等。 重点复习:①形容词和副词均属修饰性词类,但因被修饰的内容有所不同而具备不同的用 法,高考非常注重对此进行考查,在完形填空和语法填空中出现过大量此类试题。(形容 词与连系动词连用及修饰名词;修饰行为动词、形容词、副词、过去分词及整个句中用副 词)②两个事物进行比较应用比较级,三个或三个以上事物进行比较应用最高级。③形容 词和副词在特定的语境中词义的比较。④比较级的程度修饰语(much,very much,a lot,a great deal,far,by far,even,still,a bit,a little,rather,any,数 词,倍数,分数,百分数等)。⑤易混副词的辨析。如:specially /especially/ particularly 等。 【例 9】—What do you think of the film we saw last night? —I feel _______ that the film is well worth seeing once again? A. strong B. strongly C. hardly D. hard 【答案】B 【解析】that 引导一个宾语从句,由此可以判断 feel 在此不是一个连系动 词,而是一个实义动词。I feel strongly that...“我坚信??”。故答案为 B。 1. One of the (bad) gift choices I ever made was for my high school English teacher, Ms Chen. (广州一模) 2. I put the paper aside and turned to the _____ one, at the top of which? (深二模) 3. Many other actors are __ __ (badly)off than me at present,?(惠州一模) 10

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4. In 2006, over 40,000 overseas students came back, with 33,000 of them being self-fund students, 20% than the year before. (茂名二模) Keys: 1. worst 2. next/other 3. worse 4. more

九、挖掉表示起承转合的副词或副词性短语 此功能于关联词相似。只是这种副词(短语)在用法上更加灵活多变。典型的有 though, however, also, therefore, still, besides, in addition, instead, or ,otherwise, first, second, then, finally, in a word 等等。 1.This, , didn’t bother me because maths had always been my strongest subject. (广州二模) 2. Don’t always scold and give lots of praise . (深圳罗湖) Keys: 1. however 2. instead 十、词形变化或者词性变化. 给出单词的原形,通过句子分析,缺少什么成分,再用正确的单词形式补充完整。这属于 比较基础的单词拼写方面的能力要求。 1? Mr Chen has taught me English since Junior 1, and to show my (appreciate) I decided to get her a present. (广州一模) 2. ? (fortunate), I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes to complete the rest. (广州二模) 3. Some people were now waiting for her service and the waitress grew a bit (patience). (深一模) 4. “Thirty-five cents,” she said (rude). (深一模) 5. I don’t know if he placed the poem next to the failing grade to ______ (soft) the blow, but it work. (深二模) 6. I must know how to care for others and try not to (understand) them. (惠州一模) 7. you have done well and made great achievement in the _ (entertain) field. (惠一模) 8. These people have made great (contribute) to China with their work.(茂 名二模) 9. ?to check her (recent) inserted (插入) pacemaker. (汕头二 模) 10.The tornadoes damaged several______(new) built buildings,?(梅州二模) 11.Numerous studies have shown that free play is very (benefit). It can help children become creative?(四校联考) 12 they can see plays, films, operas, and shows of every kind, not to mention the latest _______ (excite) football match. (东莞一模) Keys: 1. appreciation 2. Fortunately 3. impatient 4. rudely 5. soften 6. misunderstand 7. entertainment 8. contributions 9. recently 10. newly 11.beneficial 12.exciting 11

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十一、特殊句型(或固定短语) 考查对固定结构(短语)的熟悉掌握程度。属于字词层面考查语法。 1.It was not long the waitress came back and then she began to wipe down the table. 2. ? was only after I heard she became sick that I learned she couldn’t eat MSG! (广州一模) 3. So careless was I _______ I had forgotten all about that. (深二模) 4.?"as a matter of _ , you have done well and made great achievement?(惠州 一模) 5.When Carettson, 29, a passenger, was trying to bring Nicole's life?(汕 头二模) 6. The child was stricken about a mile away the hospital. (汕头二模) Keys: 1. before 2. It 3. that 4. fact 5. back 6. from

十二、定语从句的引导词. 主要考查的知识点:引导定语从句的关系代词和关系副词的选择,非限制性定语从句,由 whose,where,when,that,as 和“介词 + 关系代词”引导的定语从句是高考的热点。 复习重点:①when 引导的定语从句。②where 引导的定语从句和地点状语从句、表语从句 的区别。③which 引导非限制性定语从句时(句子作先行词)和并列句的区别。④as 引导 的定语从句“such...as、the same...as”,以及和目的 结果状语从句的辨别。⑤分隔式 定语从句的识别。⑥能够区别定语从句和同位语从句。 【例 10】I’ll never forget the days ________ I lived in the factory with the workers,_______ is a great help to my article. A. that;which B. when;which C. which;that D. when;who 【答案】B 【解析】第一空后的分句中的谓语动词是不及物动词 live,其后不需要宾语, 只需要作状语的关系副词,故第一空用 when;而第二个句子是对前面整个句子进行说明, 因此用 which。故答案为 B。 必须根据定语从句的信息和先行词进行推断,从而补出引导词,这本身就是考查逻辑思维 能力。 1.?The exam, was originally to be held in our classroom, was changed to the library at the last minute.(广州二模) 2? Then I went to the department store I worked part-time and bought her an expensive gift box of Sichuan beef. (广州一模) 3. It was a poem about me, ______ included the time ?(深二模) 4. At the same time, there had been a growing number of overseas students _______came back to China after study. (茂名二模) 5. More and more Chinese students go abroad for study, is supported by the Chinese government. (茂名二模) Keys: 1. which 2. where 3. which 4. who 5. which 十三、状语从句 主要考查的知识点:时间、目的、条件、原因、地点和让步状语从句。 12

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重点复习:①时间状语从句,尤其是 as,since,while,when,before,until 等连接 词。②when / where 引导的状语从句和定语从句的区别。③让步状语从句的倒装。④与非 谓语动词作状语的区别和转化。 【例 11】After the war,a new school building was set up ______ there has once been a theatre. A. that B. where C. what D. who 【答案】B 【解析】这是 where 引导的状语从句,不能将其视为定语从句,因为没有先行 词。 十四、名词性从句 主要考查的知识点:名词性从句主要考查语序、时态和引导词。 重点复习:①whether,if 和 that 的区别。②that 从句和 wh- 从句的区别。③wh- 引导 的名词性从句不含疑问意义,相当于一个名词后加定语从句。如:The book is where you left it just now.④连接代词和连接副词的选择。 【例 12】—Excuse me,but can you tell the way to this small town? —It depends on you go. There are several ways of getting there. A. where B. how C. when D. whether 【答案】B 【解析】本题主要考查几个不同的疑问词引导名词性从句时意义上的区别。乍 一看,本题四个选项都符合空白处的句意。但看完题目的最后一句话中的信息后方可判断 应该是“怎样走”。故答案为 B。 十五、 时态、语态 主要考查的知识点:动词的时态、语态是每年的必考点,也是历年高考重点考查的项目, 通常考 2~ 3 个小题。重点考查的是现在完成时、一般过去时、过去进行时、将来完成 时、完成进行时等,多和语态一起考查;且通常以对话的形式出现且常出现两种时态混合 在一起进行比较。时态理解不准确是考生常见的错误。把握住命题人的意图是至关重要 的。一般来说,命题人在考查时态这个内容时总是设置一个语言情景来实现,所以理解语 言情景是关键,同时要在这个语言环境里找到动作发生的时间或隐含的时间关系,只要理 解了情景与动作的时间关系,对照选项,就不难把握命题意图。注意不要断章取义,同时 还要注意时态一致。 重点复习:①一般现在时和一般过去时的区别。②现在完成时和一般过去时的区别。③一 般过去时同过去完成时的区别。④一般现在时和现在进行时以及一般过去时同过去进行时 的区别。⑤“系动词 + 过去分词”的用法。如:get paid;remain covered;look lost 等形式的用法。⑥进行时态的被动语态及主动表被动的用法。 【例 13】—What were you up to when your parents came in? —I _______ for a while and _______ some reading. A. was playing;was going to do B. played;did C. had played;was going to do D. had played;did 【答案】C 【解析】play 动作在 came 之前,所以用过去完成时态,而 do some reading 的动作则即将开始。 【例 14】Sarah, hurry up. I’m afraid you wouldn’t have time to before the party. A. get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change 【答案】A 【解析】本题考查“连系动词 + 过去分词”的用法。答案为 A。 十六、 非谓语动词和独立主格结构 13

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主要考查的知识点:非谓语动词每年必考,通常考 1~ 3 小题,主要考查①v -ing、不定 式作宾语的区别。②非谓语动词作宾补的区别。③非谓语动词作状语的区别。④非谓语动 词作定语时的区别。⑤非谓语动词的时态、语态、否定式和复合结构。(注意:多次模拟 试题的语法填空中都有考到非谓语动词。) 重点复习:①识别非谓语动词在句中的成分,不定式、v -ing 形式、过去分词各自所作的 成分是不同的。②识记哪些动词只能接不定式作宾语,哪些动词只能接动名词作宾语,哪 些动词接不定式或动名词作宾语没有太大区别,哪些动词接不定式和动名词作宾语区别很 大,哪些动词接带 to 的不定式作宾语补足语,哪些动词接不带 to 的不定式作宾语补足 语。(stop,forget,remember,regret..etc.)③have、 get 、make 等动词所接的宾语补语 的选用。④非谓语动词作状语和状语从句的联系和区别。⑤熟悉解题方法。解此类题时, 可用“三步曲”:首先要根据语法知识弄清句子结构,看选项作何成分,结合搭配和句式 习惯确定是何种非谓语动词形式;第二步,根据非谓语动词所表示的动作与句子谓语的动 作发生的先后确定用何种非谓语动词的时态;第三步,按照非谓语动词与其逻辑主语的关 系确定语态,如果逻辑主语不是句子的主语,那就可判断要么是状语从句,要么是独立主 格结构。 【例 15】Mark often attempts to escape whenever he breaks traffic regulations. A. having been fined B. to be fined C. to have been fined D. being fined 【答案】D 【解析】escape 后须接动词 - ing 形式,而句子主语为 fine 的承受者,故用 被动式。attempt 和 fine 之间并无先后关系,因此不能用完成时态。故答案为 D。 十七、 倒装语序、主谓一致关系、强调结构及其他 主要考查的知识点:从历届高考题可以看出,高考并没有完全放弃测试语言形式。语言知 识这类的题目,尤其是强调和倒装两部分,在语法填空中有考查到强调句和 it 作形式主语 +that 引导主语从句的辨析。从试题分析来看,加大知识类题目的结构复杂程度和句意理 解难度,注重知识类题目的情景化是近几年高考命题的趋势。 重点复习:①考查知识之间的相互交叉的现象,加强综合考查语法知识的力度应该是这一 内容命题的新趋势。②it 形式主语和 there be 句型的结合。③强调句和定语从句的结 合。④情态动词和反意疑问句的结合。⑤祈使句和反意疑问句的结合。⑥主谓一致和时态 语态的结合。⑦独立主格结构、平行结构和从句的结合。 【例 20】I failed in the final examination last term and only then _______ the importance of studies. A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realized 【答案】D 【解析】这是一道倒装和时态结合考查的题目。only then 位于句首,句子应进 行部分倒装。“意识到”的动作是指“过去某时的动作”,而不是指 failed 之前的动作。 所以答案为 D。 【例 21】The teacher,with 6 girls and8 boys of her class,_______ visiting a museum when the earthquake struck. A. Was B. were C. had been D. would be 【答案】A 【解析】这是一道时态和主谓一致交叉考查的试题。with 6 girls and 8 boys of her class 补充说明 the teacher,谓语动词的数应和 the teacher 保持一致。 因事情发生在地震的时候,谓语动词应用过去进行时。故答案为 A。 十八、 语法填空专练(8 篇) 语法填空专练一 14

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In the small towns of the United States in the 1 (nineteen) century, the general store was 2 everyone bought the things he couldn’t make 3 grow at home. What the stores sold 4 (tell) a great deal about 5 life at that time. People bought tools that they needed for farm work; salt, sugar and 6 foods that the farm didn’t produce; articles of clothing that they couldn’t make 7 ; shirts for the men; or clothes for the children. Life was simple then. One feels that people were 8 (thank) for what they had and that they looked 9 with courage to whatever the future brought. It would be interesting to know how they would feel about the life today. Would it seem to them that life is too complex? Would they enjoy 10 (live) a life as we do now? 语法填空专练二 Do you feel 1 difficult to be happy all the time? Now I’ll give you some tips 2 how to make yourself happy. One way is being 3 (self) because unselfishness is the key factor 4 (require) if you want to get along well with others. By 5 (say) being unselfish we mean we 6 not want everything our own way or demand the best share of everything. Another way is to look for good points in 7 people. You’ll find most people pleasant to go with and it will surely make you happy. Third, you can not expect to be too perfect, 8 don’t be too unhappy when you make a mistake. Everything will be OK if you try to make things right. Finally, it is important to remember that while you are not 9 (bad) that others, chances you have may not be much better. In this case, 10 surest way to be happy is to think yourself above other people. 语法填空专练三 We may be very 1 (please) with the rapid progress we have made in every field of study, but we have almost done nothing to improve our present 2 (exam) systems which focus 3 testing the students’ memory instead of their 4 (able). As soon as a child begins schoo, he enters a world of examination 5 will decide his future of job. In fact a good examination stystem should encourage students to think for themselves. But the examination now does anything but that. It forces the students to remember 6 is taught to get high marks. Thus the students who come out first in the examination often many be the 7 (good) in their studies. In addition, such 8 examination system often drives teachers to cram all the time and forces them to train students what to do with the 9 (come) examination. There must be a better way to test a student’s true ability as 10 as their knowledge. 语法填空专练四 More American people take their troubles with them on holiday, according 1 a new survey. Although 40 percent said that the main reason for going away is to escape 2 (press) from work, almost all said they worry more 3 they do at home. Only fore in every one hundred said that they are happy and free of care. 15

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The most common worry is burglary(入室盗窃), with four out of ten worrying about their homes 4 (break) into while they are abroad. More than a quarter feel they will feel crazy 5 some other noisy and rough holidaymakers and twenty-two percent worry they may be attacked 6 their possessions will be 7 (miss). The survey also showed 8 the stay-at home Americans are no more. Three out of every five want to have a holiday abroad, which was 9 increase from the figures only three years ago. The hotel holiday is still a winner, with about one third of all Americans 10 (prefer) to go on a selfcatering(自助) holiday. 语法填空专练五 Many Chinese believe 1 (eat) pig brains will increase their intelligence and some Americans regularly eat 2 (cook) eggs to keep their minds sharp. 3 , doctor don’t recommend to eat 4 raw eggs or animal brains. Then, what food is good for your brain? Scientists have found 5 relationship 6 diet and a healthy brain. Generally speaking, fish is a brain food. Besides fish, you should introduce lots of dark green leafy vegetables and colorful fruits into your diet 7 most people lack the special vitamins 8 these brain food provide. If you eat brain foods 9 (regular), they can increase brain power ---help you pay attention, keep you motivated, improve your memory and 10 ( less) stress from studies. Then you can do much better in your test. 语法填空专练六 Millions 1 words have been said about young people in the United States. There are reasons for this great interest in their ideas, 2 (feel) and actions. Today there are about eight million Americans in the colleges and universities. The young under twenty-five make 3 nearly half of the American population, many of 4 will be in power in the U.S.. 5 (nature), their ideas are important to everyone in the country, and 6 is necessary for the older people to understand 7 they think and feel. College students today have strong opinions about right and 8 . They are deeply interested in making a 9 (good) life for all the people, especially for those who have never 10 (give) a fair chance before. 语法填空专练七 Liu Xiang was the first Asian ______1_____ (win) the men’s 110m hurdles at the Olympics in Athens. ______2____ that he became an idol(偶像) to the young people. “I never thought I would run under 13 seconds and break the Olympic ____3____.”said Liu Xiang in tears, “I am very very excited. I’m proud not just for myself and for Chinese ____4____ for Asia. My race went ______5_____ (wonderful) from start to finish.” Liu added. “It is _____6_____ amazing experience being the Olympic champion. I want to thank my coach and my friends 16

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for _____7____their help. I think today we Chinese have showed the world we ____8_____ run as fast as anybody else.” Since his return from Athens, Liu Xiang has been at the center of a media circus and he has been to many press appearances and meetings. ____9____ Liu thinks 2004 is just the beginning, and he expects to be at his peak in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Liu said, “For some players, it’s just a job. For me, it’s ____10____ I love.” 语法填空专练八 Life is difficult. But life is no longer difficult once we truly understand and accept it. Most do not fully see this truth. ___1___ they complain about their problems and difficulties as if life should be easy. It seems to them that difficulties represent ___2___special kind of suffering especially forced upon them or else upon their families, their class, or even their nation. ___3___ makes life difficult is that the process of facing and solving problems ___4___ painful. Problems, ___5___ (depend) on their nature, cause us sadness or loneliness or regret or anger or fear. These are ___6___ (comfort) feelings, often as any kind of physical pain. And since life causes an endless series of problems, life is always difficult and is full of pain as well as joy. Yet it is in this whole process of solving problems that life has its meaning. Problems are the serious test that tells success from___7___ (fail). When we desire to encourage the growth of the human spirit, we encourage the human ability to solve problems just as in school we set problems for our children __8___(solve). It is through the pain of meeting and working out problems ___9___we learn. As Benjamin Franklin said, “Those things that hurt , instruct.” It is ___10___this reason that wise people learn not to fear but to welcome the pain of problems. Keys: 一 1. nineteenth 2. where 3. or 4. tells 5. the 6. other 7. themselves 8. thankful 9. forward 10. living 二 1. it 2. on 3. unselfish 4. required 5. saying 6. should 7. other 8. so 9. worse 10. the 三 1. pleased 2. examination 3. on 4. ability 5. which/ that 6. what 7. best 8. an 9. coming 10. well 四 1. to 2. pressure 3. than 4. being broken 5. with 6. or 7. missing 8. that 9. an 10. preferring 五 1. eating 2. uncooked 3. However 4. either 5. a 6. between 7. because 8. that 9. regularly 10. lessen 六 1. of 2. feelings 3. up 4. whom 5. Naturally 6. it 7. what 8. wrong 9. better 10. been given 七 1. to win 2. after 3.record 4. but (also) 5. wonderfully 6.an 7. all 8.can 9. But 10.what 17

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八 1. Instead 2.a 3. What 4.is 6. uncomfortable 7.failure 8. to solve

5.depending 9. that

10. for

语法填空讲练第 1 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置 上。 词数:166 完成时间:8 分 难度:*** 钟 According to a recent survey, violence did exist in schools. Students showed their fear and parents and teachers also expressed their great concern about it. Experts hope the whole society pay more attention to the mental health of adolescents. Nowadays, school violence is 31 hot issue. I think this is a phenomenon, 32 calls for our great concern. We should try every effort 33 (prevent) violence happening at school for more and more students would drop out of school 34 their personal safety could not 35 (guarantee). In fact, violence can 36 (learn). Children learn violent behavior from adults or from 37 they see on television or on the Internet. If I meet with school violence, I will not answer violence 38 violence, for it will result in 39 (much) fighting. I will tell my teachers or parents about it. I think they will help me deal with it well and they will protect me from the bad guys. All in all, every student should behave 40 (he) and keep away from violence. 答案: 文章向我们介绍了作者对校园暴力的看法。 31.a 这里需要一个不定冠词表示某个的意思。 32.这里要用 which 引导一个非限制性定语从句,因为先行词为物,所以要用 which。 33.to prevent 不定式作目的状语。 34.if/as long as 人身安全得不到保障是辍学的条件,所以应该用引导连接条件状语 从句的连词。 35.be guaranteed 所给动词和其逻辑主语是动宾关系,所以要用被动语态。 36.be learned 事实上;暴力是可以学的。 37.what 引导一个宾语从句,并且在从句中作宾语,所以要用 what。 38.with 表示方式,意思是“用”。 39.more 由语境可知,以暴力对付暴力,只能产生更多的暴力。 40.himself behave oneself 表现良好,行为良好。 语法填空讲练第 2 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置 上。 词数:162 完成时间:8 分 难度:*** 钟 18

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In the 1950s, a family that owned a farm near Beulah, Michigan kept a bull chained to an elm (榆树). The bull paced 31 the tree, dragging the heavy iron chain, which led to a groove (槽) in the bark (树皮). The groove 32 (deep) over the years. Though for whatever reason, it did not kill the tree. 33 some years, the family took their bull away. They cut the chain, leaving the loop around the tree and one link 34 (hang down). Then one year, agricultural catastrophe struck Michigan in 35 form of Dutch elm disease. All of the elms lining the road leading to the farm became infected 36 died. Everyone thought that the old elm would be the next. The farm owners considered 37 (go) the safe thing: pulling it out and chopping it up into firewood before it died. 38 (amazing), the tree did not die. Nobody could understand 39 it was the only elm still standing in the county. It' s said that 40 doesn' t kill you will make you stronger. Or, as a plant pathologists (病理学家 ) put it , "Life breaks us all, but afterwards, many of us are strongest at the broken places." 答案: 这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。文章通过叙述一棵老榆树大难不死的故事告诉我们这样一个 道理:经历疼痛才能变得坚强,才能抵挡住更大的困难甚至是灾难。 31.around 下文告诉我们,树皮被铁链磨出了一个槽。由此可以看出,这是由牛绕着树 来回踱步造成的。 32.was deepened 随着岁月的流逝,磨出来的槽逐渐被加深了。所以要用被动,另外, 由于动作发生在过去,所以动词要用过去式。 33.After after+时间段,表示经过一段时间之后。 34.hanging down hang down 和其逻辑主语 one link 是主谓关系,所以用现在分词表示 主动,构成 leave+宾语+现在分词。 35.the in the form of 固定用法,意思是:以??的形式。 36.and 榆树受到感染,继而死去。 37.going consider 后跟动名词作宾语。 38. Amazingly 副词作状语,修饰整个句子。 39.why 谁都不理解为什么只有这棵榆树依然耸立在那里。 40.what 引导一个主语从句,并在从句中作主语,所以用 what。 语法填空讲练 第 3 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置 上。 词数:213 完成时间:8 分 难度:** 钟 I was going to the store one cold evening and as I was approaching the store there 31 a man in the front of the store. He looked at me and said really loud "Hi." I replied, "Hi, how are you?" He said "I am fine." and then he looked at me as if he recognized me and asked, " 32 is your mother?"

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Of course, I didn't know what to say to that question 33 my mother had been 34 (die) for several years. I found this really strange so I finally said, "She is fine, thank you and how are you?" He also said he was fine. I then answered, "Good. Can I do 35 to help you at all?" All he said 36 I really could use a hug. I 37 (hug) him for a while this poor soul and a stranger. I said, "Where are you staying? Do you 38 a ride?" He said, "No, I have my bike. I am living at the Church down the street." I answered, "Let me give you something. It's not much, but that is all I 39 afford." So I took out $10 from my purse and gave it to him then went home. To tell you the truth, I always feel helping others 40 really great. 答案: 31.Was.此处是 there be 句型,时态为过去式,另外句子主语为单数形式。 32.How.根据下文的内容,这里是问“你妈妈好吗?”。 33.because.从此处的逻辑关系和意义看,从句部分表示原因。 34.dead.此处用 die 的形容词形式,用作表语。 35.anything.该词用在疑问和否定句中,意为“我能帮你做点什么吗?”。 36.was.句子主语 all he said 为单数。 37.hugged.这里的时态为过去时形式。 38.need.该句的意思为“你需要坐车吗?”。 39.can.afford 常和情态动词连用。 40.is.主语是 helping others,分词作主语按单数处理,这里的时态为一般现在时。 语法填空讲练第 4 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置 上。 词数:154 完成时间:8 分 难度:** 钟 No one knows what would happen in the future for sure. 31 we often think of the future and wonder what the world would be like 32 a hundred years' time. Think of space. Perhaps 33 permanent station on the moon will have been set up. Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon 34 tourists. Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed, 35 (permit) long journeys throughout the solar system. 36 that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space 37 visiting other planets, such as the Mars Colony and the Venus Exploration Outpost. Scientists of the future will almost certainly find other ways to make life last 38 (long). 39 probably will find cures for most diseases. Hospitals will probably have "body banks" that can give you almost any new part you need to keep on 40 (live). People of the future may live to be a lot older than 100 years. 答案: 31.But.本句与上一句是转折关系,故用转折连词 but。 32.in. 表示将来多长时间之后时用“介词 in+一段时间名词”结构。 20

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33.a. station 是可数名词且表示泛指,前面应有不定冠词 a。 34.as. as 表示“作为”,符合题意。 35.permitting. cheap rockets 与 permit 之间是主动关系,应用现在分词短语作状语表 示伴随情况。 36.When. 此处表示将来的时间,应用 when 引导时间状语从句。 37.and. 因两个动作表示并列关系,应用并列连词 and 连接。 38.longer.由意义可知,此处表示找到延长人类寿命的方式,故 long 应用比较级形式。 39.They. they 用来指代上句中主语 scientists。 40.living. keep on doing sth.意为“继续??”,故此处应用 live 的现在分词形 式。 语法填空讲练第 5 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置 上。 词数:153 完成时间:8 分 难度:** 钟 Although most people believe that formal schooling is required for scientific success, a college degree is not always necessary. 31 excellent example of a man who won fame as a scientist 32 academic(学术的) training is Vincent J. Schaefer. His formal education ended 33 two years of high school when he had to go to work in an untrained job at General Electric. Because 34 his inventive mind and his skill as a model maker, he was soon allowed to try his own experiments in the company laboratory. His natural 35 (curious) made him wonder about clouds. He developed, after many tries, a method of making clouds rain 36 they would not normally do so. This method, 37 (call) seeding, has been very 38 (help) to farmers, and 39 made him win much fame. Schaefer believes that for people 40 most of all, are interested in the world and everything in it, a college degree is unnecessary. 答案: 31.An. 因 excellent 以元音音素开头,应用不定冠词 an。 32.without.without 和名词连用表示某种状况,意为“没有”。 33.after. 表示过去的一段时间之后应和介词 after 连用。 34.of. because of 是复合介词,意为“因为”,后接名词或代词。 35.curiosity. 此处须用名词作主语,curious 的名词形式是 curiosity。 36.when. 此处表示时间,应用 when 引导时间状语从句。 37.called. this method 与 call 存在被动关系,应用过去分词作定语。 38.helpful. very 后应接 help 的形容词 helpful“有益的”。 39.it. it 此处指前一分句的整个情况。 40.who. who 用来引导定语从句,在从句中作主语,先行词是 people。 语法填空讲练第 6 篇 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31――40 的相应位置 上。 词数 197 完成时间 9 分钟 难度 *** 21

语法填空训练:共 21 页

I remember my first Christmas adventure with Grandma. I remember tearing across town 31 my bike to visit her on the day my big sister dropped the bomb. "There is no Santa Claus." she laughed. “Even dummies(傻瓜) know that!" I 32 (flee) to Grandma 33 I knew she would be straight with me. She always told the truth. "No Santa Claus?" she said. "Ridiculous! Don't 34 . Put on your coat, and let's go." "Go where, Grandma?" I asked. As we walked through the doors of the general store Grandma handed me ten dollars and said, "Buy something for someone 35 needs it. I'll wait for you in the car." I was only eight years old. Never had I shopped for anything all by myself. For a few moments I just stood there, 36 (wonder) what to buy, and who 37 (buy) it for. I thought of everybody I knew. Then I thought about Bobbie Decker. He was my classmate with bad breath and 38 (mess) hair, and he sat right behind me. He didn't have a coat. I knew that because he never went out to play games during the winter. I fingered 39 bill with growing 40 (excite). I would buy Bobbie a coat. 答案: 本文主要讲述的是“我”与爷爷一起经历一次难忘的圣诞节。 31.On on one’s/the/a bike=by bike。 32.fled 结合全文可知此处应使用一般过去时,注意其不规则的形式。本题稍 难。 · 33.because/as 因为相信爷爷会对我说真话,所以立马跑到他那儿去求证。本题稍 难。 34.it/that 指代“There is no Santa Claus.”。 35.who/that 判断分析句子结构可知,此处为 who/that 引导的定语从句修饰 someone。 36.wondering 根据前面的逗号,可知应该使用动词的—lng 形式作伴随状语,表示主 动含义。 37.To buy 与.What to buy 构成并列平行结构。本题稍难。 38.messy 修饰名词 hair 当然用形容词 messy。 39.the 特指上文爷爷给的“ten dollars”。 40.excitement 作介词 with 的宾语,要用名词,但注意 excitement 为不可数名词。 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当 的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 (2011 汕头一模)Just up the road from my home is a field, with two horses in it. From a distance, each horse looks like any other horse. But if you get a ___16____( close) look you will notice one of them is blind. Instead of abandoning him, his owner has made him a safe and comfortable barn to live in. And if you stand nearby and listen, you will hear the sound of a bell____17___( come) from ____18____ smaller horse. Attached to ___19___ (it) halter is a small, copper-coloredbell assisting the blind friend to follow him. 22

语法填空训练:共 21 页

____20____you watch them, you'll find the horse with the bell always checking on the blind one, and that the blind horse will listen for the bell and then slowly walk to ____21____ the other one is, trusting he will not _____22____( lead ) astray. When the horse with the bell returns to the barn each evening, he will stop ____23____( frequent ) to look back, making sure that the ____24___ isn't too far behind to hear the bell. Life does not throw us away just because we are not perfect or because we have problems or challenges. Sometimes we are the blind horse being guided by the little ringing bell of our acquaintances; __25____other times we are the guide horse, who helps others to find their way. 16. closer 17. coming 18. a/the 19. its 20. As 21. where 22. be led 23. frequently 24. other 25. at (2) (2011 深圳一模)Several times each year the Queen gives afternoon tea parties. But she simply sits beside a big silver plate, pouring cups of tea for everyone and 16 (skill) avoiding the cakes and sandwiches. At cocktail parities the Queen moves from group to group, chatting informally, and manages to make one glass of drink last 17 entire evening. Tours abroad are difficult because hosts seem to have a 18 (believe) that the warmth of their welcome must be shown with wonderful state banquets (宴会). But the Queen has perfected the art of appearing to enjoy her meal without actually eating much. During one visit 19 the Pacific islands of Tonga, a specially – prepared dinner was arranged in her honor. The Queen looked uneasily at her plate 20 she discovered a whole roast pig was her serving. Then a turkey, some meat, an apple and bananas 21 (carry) in for each guest. But she depended 22 her old favorite trick of talking with her host, King Tupou IV, and carrying on a warm conversation. Sometimes the Queen will seem so carried away by foreign leader’s political chat 23 she simply never has time to finish a meal before it is time to get up and make her speech. She will lift her fork to swallow a mouthful, and then put 24 down again to make another point, leaving almost all of her meal 25 (touch). 16.答案为 skillfully。 考查在语境中词性转换的能力。 17.答案为 an。 考查语境中冠词的正确使用。 18.答案为 belief。 考查语境中词性转换的能力。 19.答案为 to。 考查语境中的常用介词搭配。 20.答案为 when/as。 考查语境中从属连词的使用。 21.答案为 were carried。考查动词的语态和主谓一致。 22.答案为 on。 考查介词搭配的实际运用。 23.答案为 that。 考查结果状语从句的运用。 24.答案为 it。 考查语境中宾格代词的使用。 25.答案为 untouched。 考查非谓语动词和逻辑思维能力。

(3) 23

语法填空训练:共 21 页

(2008 年佛山二模改编) Several men hit the Sao Paulo Museum of Art just before dawn on December 20 th , 2007,and __1__ shocked the authorities as it took the thieves just three minutes to steal paintings __2__ two world— famous artists, Pablo Picasso __3__ Candido Poninari, __4__ are worth millions of dollars. Images from the secret camera show that two men began their action at 5∶09 a. m. ,__5__ the guards in the museum were going through their shift change(换岗). They broke through two glass doors,__6__(run) to the museum?s top floor and grabbed the two paintings from different rooms ,somehow __7__(avoid) nearby guards. The alarm never rang,and by 5∶12 a. m. ,they were making their escape. After __8__,the police were interviewing the 30 museum employees. “Everything indicates thieves were sent to do it by some wealthy art lover for __9__ own collection. He was not rich enough to buy the paintings ,__10__ he was wealthy,” said the lead police officer,Marcos Gomes de Moura. 1.[解析] 第二分句前有 and,说明前后句为并列句,用人称代词 it,代替前句内容。[答 案] it 2.by 3. and 4.[解析] 第二分句前无连词,说明此处是非限制性定语从句,用 which 引导。[答案] which 5.[解析] 引导时间状语从句,意思是:当博物馆的保安换班的时候。[答案] when 6.[解析] broke,ran,grabbed 三个动词作并列谓语。[答案] ran 7.[解析] 现在分词作结果状语。[答案] avoiding 8.that 9. his 10. their (4) (2010 年深圳一模) It was a very cold evening, an old man was waiting for a ride across the river. He saw several horsemen pass by but he didn?t ask for any help. The wait seemed __1__(end).Then came another rider,the old man __2__(catch) his eye and said, “Sir, would you mind doing me a favor?” Stopping his horse,he replied, “Of course.” Almost __3__(freeze), the old man could not get __4__ the ground. The horseman helped him onto his horse. He took the old man not just across the river,__5__ to his home. “Sir, you didn?t even ask the other riders for help, why? What __6__ I had said ?no? and left you there?” the horseman asked. The old man looked at him straight in the eyes and said, “I looked into their eyes, I found they didn?t care,__7__ told me it would be useless, but when I looked into __8__, I saw kindness.” These words touched the rider deeply. “Thank you for __9__ you?ve said, I hope I will never be too busy to help others.” with that, Thomas Jefferson, the __ 10__(three) president of the US, turned his horse around and went away. 1.[解析] 在语境中考查构词法。[答案] endless 2.[解析] 考查语境中动词的变形和对时态的使用。[答案] caught 3.[解析] 在语境中考查分词的使用。[答案] frozen 4.[解析] 考查意义与词组的搭配。[答案] off 5.[解析] 考查语境中转折连词的使用。[答案] but 6.[解析] 考查对 what if 结构的掌握情况。[答案] if 7.[解析] 考查定语从句在语境中的运用。[答案] which 8.[解析] 考查名词性物主代词的掌握。[答案] yours 24

语法填空训练:共 21 页

9.[解析] 考查名词性从句引导词的使用。[答案] what 10.[解析] 考查在语境中序数词的运用。[答案] third (5) The woman often called the First Lady of New York died on August. Brooke Astor was one hundred five years old. The extremely wealthy and famous New Yorker spent much of her life __1__(help)the needy in her beloved city. She was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. She was the only child of a high level military officer. After two earlier __2__(marry) ,she married Vincent Astor in 1953 again. He came from a family __3__ had been rich for least on hundred years. Among other things, he owed many buildings in New York City. Brooke Astor became one of the __4__(rich)women in the world when Vincent Astor died. She also became head of a huge charity organization_ _5__(found) by her husband. He repeatedly had told her she would have fun giving __6__ his money. And apparently she did. Missus Astor gave tens of millions of dollars __7__(main)to places and people in New York City. She said it was the sensible choice because that was __8__ the money had been made. She gave financial support to the city?s cultural centers,its poor and disabled as __9__ as to many other smaller charities. When she died, the mayor of New York said the city would not be what it is today __10__ her support. 1.[解析] sb. spend time (in) doing sth.某人花(时间,精力)做某事。[答案] helping 2.[解析] 从下文 she married Vincent Astor in 1953 again.得知,她以前经历了两次 婚姻 [答案] marriages 3.[解析] had been rich 前缺主语。这是定语从句,只能用 that/which。[答案] that/which 4.[解析] 根据句意得知是最富有的。[答案] richest 5.[解析] found 创办,成立;建立,过去分词短语作定语,表被动。[答案] founded 6.[解析] give away 赠送;赠予;颁发。[答案] away 7.[解析] adv.大部分地;主要地。[答案] mainly 8.[解析] 句子 the money had been made 主谓齐全。根据句意是因为这些钱应该用 于人们和社会。[答案] where 9.[解析] as well as 也,又,和。[答案] well 10.[解析] 没有她的支持,就成就不了现在的纽约。[答案] without (6) A new campaign to ban smoking in taxis is part of a wider push to clean up the city?s image before the 2010 World Expo(2010 年世界博览会). The Shanghai Dazhong Taxi, a taxi company, said drivers __1__(find) smoking in their cabs could “possibly” be fined or even temporarily banned __2__ working. Signs __3__(place) in all of the taxi company?s 9,100 strong fleet (车队) saying “No Smoking in Taxis. Welcome to Shanghai World Expo”. “We hope the sanitation(卫生环境) of cabs in the city will be improved through our no-smoking campaign,__4__ is a mutual benefit for __5__ drivers and passengers. ” Dazhong said it would __6__(close) monitor the campaign?s progress. Drivers caught smoking will undergo the company?s training and inspection program. “Cabs found to have cigarette smell will be called back”, Zhao said. Many taxi drivers smoke __7__(relax) from working long hours. The official admitted __8__ would not be an easy task to achieve a total smoke ban in a short time.

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语法填空训练:共 21 页

“Promoting non-smoking taxis in the whole city is __9__ long journey,” Zhao said. “__10__ having a long way to go, we are confident of fulfilling our ?smoke -free taxi? program in the city through our diligence.” 1.[解析] 过去分词作定语,表示“被发现抽烟的司机”。[答案] found 2.[解析] 动词与介词的固定搭配,be banned from doing sth.意思是“被禁止做”。[答案] from 3.[解析] 已经被放置,现在完成时态的被动语态。[答案] have been placed 4.[解析] which 引导非限定性定语从句。[答案] which 5.[解析] 根据上下文的意义,这项运动是对司机和乘客双方都有好处的,所以填 both。 [答案] both 6.[解析] 修饰动词 monitor,用副词 closely,表示接近地、严密地(监控)。[答案] closely 7.[解析] 动词不定式作目的状语,许多出租车司机吸烟的目的是为了放松。[答案] to relax 8.[解析] it 在这里充当 admitted 后面的宾语从句中的形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动 词不定式 to achieve a total smoke ban in a short time。[答案] it 9.[解析] 不定冠词的用法,表示“一个,一段”。[答案] a 10.[解析] 表示“尽管,虽然”。[答案] Despite (7) (2008 年梅州二模)阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空 格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 At one point along an open highway,I came to a crossroads with a traffic light. I was alone on the road by now, but __1__ I drove up to the light,it turned red,and I braked to a halt. I looked left, right,and behind me. Nothing,__2__a car,no suggestion of headlights, but there I sat,__3__(wait) the light to change,the only human being for at least a mile in any direction. I started wondering __4__I refused to run the light. I was not afraid of __5__(catch) by the police, because there was obviously no cop anywhere around and __6__ certainly would have been no danger in going __7__ it. Much later that night,the __8__ question of why I?d stopped for that light came back to me. I think I stopped because it?s part of a contract(合同) we all have with each other. It?s not only the law, but it?s an agreement we have,and we trust each other to honor __9__:We don?t go through red lights. Like most of us, I?m more ready to be stopped from doing something bad by the social agreement that disapproves of it __10__ by any law against it. 1. [解析] 引导时间状语从句,“当我驶近红绿灯的时候”。[答案] as/when 2.not 3. [解析] 现在分词作伴随状语。[答案] waiting 4. [解析] 为什么我不愿闯红灯。[答案] why 5. [解析] 介词后用动名词,这里指“害怕被抓”,用被动语态。[答案] being caught 6. [解析] 引导存在句。[答案] there 7. [解析] 闯红灯,后面也提到。[答案] through 8. [解析] 同样的问题,即“为什么我不愿闯红灯”。[答案] same 9. [解析] 指前面提到的 contract。[答案] it 10.[解析] more...than 是固定句型。[答案] than (8) 26

语法填空训练:共 21 页

When you treat people and things in a kind,__1__(consider) ,and polite way,you are being respectful. Respect __2__ very important __3__ home, at school, and everywhere you go. __4__ you show respect, you show that you care __5__ other people?s feelings or that you care for belongings, buildings, streets and nature. To show how much respect you have for people and things,try __6__(write) a fun respect poem. The easiest way to do this is to make a simple list of __7__ it means to be respectful at school. First start by making __8__ quick list of how you can show respect at school. List poems seem to work best when they are written with a parallel structure; that is ,when __9__ line begins the same way and follows the same pattern. Next, take the best lines and put them together in a poem. Remember to keep the parallel structure __10__ following the same sentence pattern. 1.[解析] considerate 与 kind、polite 一起作定语,修饰 way。[答案] considerate 2.is 3. at 4. When 5. for 6.[解析] try doing 尝试做某事。[答案] writing 7.[解析] what 引导宾语从句,在从句中作 means 的宾语。[答案] what 8.a 9. each 10. By

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