高一英语必修一第四单元练习题 第Ⅰ卷（选择题；共 85 分） 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从每小题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卷 上将该项涂黑。 例：It is generally considered unwise to give a ch i
ld ____ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 答案是 B。 21. -I hear they will get married next week. - ________ A. Good luck! B. Congratulations! C. Oh，really? D. Yes，sir? 22. ________，the headmaster rose to indicate that the conversation was ________. A. At an end；in an end B. In the end；at an end C. In an end；at the end D. At an end；in the end 23. One minute she burst into ____and the next burst out ____. We just couldn't catch her mood(情绪) at any moment. A.crying; laughter B. tears; laughing C. tears; laughter D. crying; laughing 24.A child ___parents are dead is called an orphan. A. which B. whose C. where D. with 25.After the fire,the once beautiful house is____. A. in ruin B. on the ruin C. on ruins D. in ruins 26.Luckily, _____ of the two brothers were badly hurt. A. not all B.not both C.not every D.not each 27._____ he is doing an operation on the patient. Please don't disturb him. A. Right away B.Right now C.In no time D.At once 28. The number of people invited _____ fifty, but a number of them ____ absent for different reasons. A. were ; was B.was ; was C.was ; were D.were ; were 29. It____everyone to hear all of the villagers behind the mountain were killed in the earthquake. A. suffered B.shocked C.persuaded D. destroyed 30. Everything returned to normal____nothing had happened. A. as if B.so that C. because D.for 31. __Tom hasn't come to class yet? __What do you think ______? A. did happen to him B. has happened to him C. he happened D. he has happened 32.About ____of the workers in that factory are young people. A.third fifths B.three fifths C.three-fives D.three fifth 33. Mary___her great sadness when she learned that the earthquake left her hometown in ruins. A.expressed B judged C suggested D told 34. The lifeboat was sent out to____ the sailors from the sinking ship. A. shelter B. escape C. rescue D. trap
35.__ in the book,he didn't hear the sound. A Burying B. To be buried C. Having been buried D.Buried 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题：每小题 1．5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36-55 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选 出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卷上将该项涂黑。 Earthquakes have been objects of worry and fear throughout history． No other natural event can 36 as much damage over so 37 an area 38 so short a time． 39 in a single earthquake there 40 be ten thousand or 41 more than a hundred thousand 42 lost． Nearly 43 this loss （损失） well as 44 of the great damage， 45 ，can be prevented or avoided． If 46 are ，as constructed（建筑） under any 47 system and 48 checked，people would not be buried or 49 ． With 50 and warning， 51 from 52 can be reduced and damage from giant 53 can be controlled． Thus，by studying the earth's 54 and surface，the effects of earth quakes can be 55 ． 36． A． cause B. make C. take D. produce 37． A． small B. general C. large D. important 38． A． on B. about C. for D. in 39． A． But B. Though C. Even D. Then 40． A． may B. must C. should D. might 41． A． about B. to C. over D. even 42． A． living B. life C. live D. lives 43． A． all B. most C. whole D. every 44． A． many B. much C. more D. plenty 45． A． however B. but C. then D. so 46． A． roads B. parks C. buildings D. bridges 47． A． old B. modern C. foreign D. different 48． A． carefully B. busily C. hardly D. daily 49． A． broken B. cut C. knocked D. killed 50． A． help B. care C. fear D. worry 51． A． lives B. people C. deaths D. houses 52． A． wind B. rain C. light D. fires 53． A． water B. waves C. seas D. oceans 54． A． rocks B. soil C. air D. secret 55． A． changed B. put down C. reduced D. turned 第三部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卷上将该项涂黑。 A The woman had died when the rescuers found her after the terrible earthquake.She was covered by a destroyed house.Through gaps (缝隙) of those ruins，the rescuers could see her last posture (姿势).It was something like an ancient person who was kowtowing (叩头)，but it just looked strange because she was out of shape by pressure. The rescuers confirmed her death by touching her through the gaps of the ruins.They shouted at the ruins again and again，knocked the bricks using various tools，but no reply inside.
Then the rescuing team went to the next building.Suddenly the leader ran back，calling"Come here."He came to the body，put his hands under the woman，feeling and touching，then shouted loudly and gladly，"There is someone，a baby，still living." Through some efforts，rescuers cleaned up the ruins which blocked her.Under her body lay her baby，who was covered by a small red quilt(棉被).He was about 3 or 4 months' old.Since well protected by his mother's body，he was safe.He was in a deep sleep when the rescuer carried him out，and his lovely and peaceful face warmed everyone around him.The doctor，along with the rescuing team， took the baby out of the quilt to check if the baby was all right， he found there and was a mobile phone in the quilt.The doctor looked at the screen；a written message was already there："My dear baby，if you could live，don't forget how much I love you."As a doctor，he experienced much of this type of separation；but at this moment，he cried.The mobile phone was passed，and every person who saw this message shed (流出)tears. 56．When the rescuers found the mom，she________. A．was using her mobile phone to ask for help B．begged the rescuers to save her baby first C．was struggling with the pressure D．didn't have the normal shape 57．The underlined word"confirmed" in Paragraph 2 may mean________. A．proved B．inferred C．guessed D．imagined 58．When the baby was rescued，he________. A．was smiling a lot B．was fast asleep C．was listening carefully D．was frightened to death 59．The passage is mainly about________. A．a story of saving a mother and her baby B．the disaster of a terrible earthquake C．the rescuers' hard work after an earthquake D．the great love of a mother in the earthquake B I was sleeping in my room when my bed started shaking and a loud noise was heard.I woke up and my mom was screaming my name.Next moment I was running along with my younger sister， mom and dad.Before I ran out of the door，I realized my elder sister hadn't come out yet.So I screamed her name at the top of my voice.My mom said she had gone to her class.Then the four of us，along with many others，were running on the staircase(楼梯).We lived on the seventh floor， so I thought we would not be able to make it and the building would fall before we managed to reach even the fourth floor.My dad's head was injured by something falling down.I did try to put my hand over his head.When we reached the sixth floor，the building split into two.We had no way to get down. The next thing I remember is silence.There were around 30 people on the staircase and none could react.Five minutes later，someone opened the door of the sixth floor flat.We all went in.We were wondering how we would get down.From the balcony of the sixth floor flat，I saw people standing on the ground floor.All eyes were stuck on us.I could see my elder sister crying. Our first hope of surviving came when a worker climbed a rope to where we were.That was， the first time we thought maybe we could get down.Half an hour passed and we were still trapped.Finally RSS people arrived with ropes.They got people down one by one.My biggest
worry was how my dad would get down.Finally after two and a half hours，we all got down. That day we saw the power of nature.It has taken more than two years to build the flats and it took just one and a half minutes to destroy the structure. 60．What is this passage mainly about? A．Ways to survive an earthquake. B．Reasons why earthquakes happen. C．The love of parents in an earthquake. D．The writer's experience in an earthquake. 61．When the building split into two，the writer and his family_________. A．were still sleeping B．were trapped on the sixth floor C．were looking for a family member D．were running from the seventh floor to the sixth floor 62．The first time the writer thought they would probably survive was when______. A．he was encouraged by people on the ground floor B．someone opened the door of the sixth floor flat C．a worker climbed up on a rope D．RSS people arrived with ropes 63．The earthquake made the writer realize that_________. A．there is always hope for people B．the power of nature is really great C．natural disasters can happen any time D．human beings are strong in natural disasters C What are you crying for? Robert and Peter study in the same university.They do everything together and help each other.But they often play jokes on each other. The school year was over last month and they decided to travel through the country in America. They drove a car and could stop wherever they wanted. Of course they enjoyed themselves. It was very hot one day and they were both hungry and thirsty. They stopped in front of a restaurant by the road. They came in ,sat down at a table and ordered some dishes. Robert looked around and found there was a small bowl on the table. He thought there was some ice cream in it and took a spoonful of it and put it into his mouth. Immediately he knew it was mustard(芥末),but it was too late . Tears ran down his face, but he pretended nothing had happened . The other young man, seeing his friend crying, asked, "What are you crying about, Robert? " "I'm thinking of my father who was hanged twenty years ago, "was a reply. After a while Peter made the same mistake. Tears ran down his cheeks(脸颊),too. And his friend asked him why. "I wonder why your father hadn't been hanged before he got married!" 64. Robert and Peter went to travel_____. A. at weekend B. on New Year's Day C. during the summer holiday D. during the winter holiday 65. Robert took a spoonful of mustard because_____. A. it was free B. he thought it was ice cream C. he liked it very much D. it was delicious
66. Robert didn't tell Peter it was some mustard in the bowl because_____. A. he wanted his friend to repeat the mistake B. he didn't know his friend hated it C. he thought his friend knew what it was D. he thought his friend was interested in it 67. What do Peter's last words mean? A. Robert's father would be hanged earlier. B. It was wrong to play a joke on a friend. C. He must give his friend a lesson. D. His friend wouldn't be born. D A young man once went into town and bought himself a pair of trousers. When he got home， he went upstairs to his bedroom and put them on. He found that they were about two inches too long. He went downstairs to the kitchen. His mother and two sisters were washing up the tea-things there. "The new trousers are too long，"he said. "They need shortening by about two inches. Could one of you do it for me， please?"His mother and sisters were busy and none of them said anything. But as soon as his mother had finished washing up，she went quietly upstairs to her son's bedroom and shortened the trousers by two inches. She came downstairs without saying anything to her daughters. Later on，after supper，the elder sister remembered her brother's trousers. She was a kind-hearted girl，so she went quietly upstairs without saying anything to anyone，and shortened the trousers by two inches. The younger sister went to the cinema，but when she came home she，too，remembered her brother's trousers. So she ran upstairs and did as her mother and sister had done. You can imagine the look on the young man's face when he put the trousers on the next morning. 68. The young man's trousers were ______ for him at first. A. a bit too long B. very good C. not too long D. too short 69. The young man's mother and sisters didn't answer because they were busy ______ in the kitchen. A. cooking B. making tea C. washing clothe D. washing cups，glasses and so on 70. The next morning the young man found that the trousers were ______ inches too short for him. A. two B. four C. six D. eight 第二节： （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卷上将该项 涂黑，选项中有两项为多余选项。 I worked for a short time as a cashier 出纳员） a restaurant a few months ago. 7 1 One night, （ at just before Christmas, I found a large black wallet on the floor near one of the tables. I guess I should have checked it to find out who was the owner, but I was busy at the time. Also, I imagined that if the wallet contained anything valuable, the owner would be back.
An hour later a man came up to the counter （柜台） 7 2 I asked him to describe the lost wallet, . and after he described it exactly, I gave him the wallet. He expressed his sincere thanks when I handed it to him. He asked me if I had opened it, and when I told him " No", he opened it right away and showed that it contained nearly $800 in cash (现金). 7 3 "A reward for your honesty," he said and then turned and walked away. 7 4 I began wondering whether I would have been so honest if I had known what was in the wallet! I thought that if there had been no way to find the owner and no one had returned to claim （认领）it, I might have kept it. But it also came into my mind that I had in fact saved someone's Christmas plans by finding and returning the wallet. 7 5 The good feeling it gave me was worth more than anything money could buy. A. He looked quite worried and asked if anyone had found a wallet. B. Later I thought about it again. C. To my surprise, he took out a twenty-dollar bill and handed it to me. D. So I didn't return the wallet until the owner returned. E. I wanted to be honest, so I didn't care much about money. F. I also helped clear off the tables when it was especially busy. G. For quite a long time I kept happy whenever I thought about it. 第Ⅱ卷（非选择题，共 35 分） 第四部分 写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Notice In order to improve our English, an English evening is going to held in our school dining hall. It will start from 7:30 p.m. and end at 10:00 p.m. the next Friday.You will enjoy English stories at the "evening". Some English songs will also be singing. What's more, some English poems and short plays will be performed,either. In addition, Mr and Mrs Brown from Canada, working in our school, together with his children, will be invited to our "evening". They will give us wonderfully performances. Everybody is welcome to atending the "evening". We hope all of you
can be there in time and will appreciate the performances. We also hope your English will be greatly improve after this "evening". Student's Union 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是来自汶川地震灾区的李明，你的美国朋友 Tom 写信询问你的安全、你家乡的灾 后重建情况，以及你的学习、生活情况。请你用英语从以下几个方面写一封 120 词左右的回 信： 1．很多人在地震中失去了家人。幸运的是，在政府和全社会的帮助下，我们已从废墟中站 了起来。 2．现在我们正在新建的教室里上课。经过这场灾难，我们变得更坚强。 3．现在依然有很多来自全国各地的好心人来看我们，他们给我们带来了爱和信心。 4．我们已决心重建家园，争取使其变得更美好。 注意：开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Tom， I'm so glad to hear from you.Now I want to tell you about my hometown－Wenchuan，Sichuan province. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ___ Yours， Li Ming
高一英语必修一第四单元练习题参考答案 第二部分 英语知识运用
第一节 单项填空 21-25 CBBBD 26-30 BBCBA 31-35 BBACD 第二节 完形填空 36－40 ACDCA 41－45 DDABA 46－50 CBADB 51－55 CDBAC 第三部分 阅读理解 56-59 DABD 60-63 DBCB 64-67 CBAB 68-70 ADB 71-75 FACBG 第四部分 写作 第一节：短文改错 Notice In order to improve our English, an English evening is going to ∧held in be our school dining hall. It will start from 7:30 p.m. and end at 10:00 p.m. the at next Friday.You will enjoy English stories at the "evening". Some English songs will also be singing. What's more, some English poems and short plays will be sung performed,either. In addition, Mr and Mrs Brown from Canada, working in our too school, together with his children, will be invited to our "evening". They will their give us wonderfully performances. wonderful Everybody is welcome to attending the "evening". We hope all of you can attend be there in time and will appreciate the performances. We also hope your on English will be greatly improve after this "evening". improved Student's Union 第二节 书面表达 Dear Tom， I'm so glad to hear from you.Now I want to tell you about my hometown－Wenchuan， Sichuan province.Many people lost their families in the earthquake.Luckily， with the help of the government and society，we have risen from the ruins. Now we are studying in our new classrooms.Through the disaster ， we have become stronger.There are still many warm?hearted people from all over the country coming to see us.They bring us love and confidence.Now we are determined to rebuild our hometown and try to make it a better place. Yours， Li Ming
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