The Olympic Games
The Olympic Games in Ancient Greece
In the ancient times, every four years in the summer period, a major event, which lasted seven d
ays, was held in Olympia, a city in Ancient Greece. Officially established as a celebration at the beginning of the 9th century BC with a law, it included religious rituals and athletic games.
With the same law, the area of Olympia was considered a sacred place while a truce- ekehiria- was initiated: during the Olympics, all the conflicts among the ancient Greek cities-states stopped.
Preparation for the Olympics
The Palaestra, a square building3rd century BC consists of an open peristyle courtyard with rooms round it. It was an area in which athletes trained for wrestling, boxing and jumping.
The first written testimonies with the names of winners, date back from the year 776 BC. There were specific preparations for the event which were:
The Stadium, where the athletic games were held, was 212.54m long and 28.50m wide. There were no seats, apart from the stone exedra of the Hellanodikai standing opposite the altar of the goddess Demeter Chamyne, and the embankment could easily seat 45,000 spectators.
A general view of Ancient Olympia as it is today.
Religious rituals were held at the beginning and the end of the games.
An important notice is that except the priestesses, women were not allowed to watch the games and mothers and sisters of the athletes stayed at the opposite side of the nearby river.
Listen to a song and guess what purpose it is used for. Have you ever heard of this song? What is it used for?
(1). Pass the Flame. (2). 2004—the Athens Olympic Games.
solidification 团结 equity 平等 open 坦城 friendship 友谊
The five rings stand for friendship of five continents.
Stadium Green Olympics Mascot( Torch Emblem ( 吉祥物 火炬 (会徽 ) )) ) The Olympic flag Motto ( 口号 (体育馆)
Group work for competition
1. When did the ancient Olympic Games started? A.1896 B. 1906 C. 776 BC 2. What was rewarded the winners in ancient Olympic Games? A. Medals B. Money C. Olive wreath
3. How many gold medals did China get in the 2004 Athens Olympics? A. 28 B. 32 C. 28 4. Which sport is in the Winter Olympic Games? A. Badminton B. Basketball C. Speed skating
5. How many kinds of Olympic Games are there in the world?
6. What’s the motto of the Olympic Games? (Higher, swifter and stronger)
7. What’s the motto of the Athens Olympics?
(Welcome home) 8. What’s the host city of the first Olympics? (Athens, Greece)
9. What’s the host city of the 2008
(Beijing, China and London in 2012)...
Task 1: Skimming 1. What are they mainly talking about?
The similarities and differences about the ancient Olympics and modern Olympics.
2. When he hears that women are allowed to join in, what does he say? How about his feeling, sad, surprised or happy? (surprised)
3. When he hears the Olympics are
also about being able to run faster,
jump higher and throw further, how does he feel, sad, surprised of happy? (happy)
Task 2: Scanning
Items The ancient The modern olympic games olympic games
Frequency 1. Every_____ four 2. Every ____ four years years
Types Only Summer Summer and
olympic games Events Fewer 3._______ winter olympic games 4._____ more
The ancient The modern olympic games olympic games From 6.________ all over _____________ the world including 7. __________ women
Athletes Only men from 5. ______ Greek city
Places Greece Prize
every country 8._____________ is possible _____________
an olive 9._________ 10. __________ medals wreath _________
True or false
1.The olive wreath has been replaced by money.( F )
2. The Olympics were not always held in Greece 2000 years ago. ( F )
3. At first, Pausania thinks people may be competing for money in the modern Olympic Games. ( T)
4. Pausania is surprised to know that women are to take part in the modern Olympic Games. ( T ) 5. We feel proud because we have finally got the chance to hold the Olympic Games. (T)
6. Horse riding events belong to the Winter Olympics. ( F) 7. Ancient Greek cities competed against each other for money. ( F ) 8. The village built for Olympic athletes is made up of a main reception building, several stadiums and a gymnasium. ( T) 9. 2012 Olympics will be held in London. (T)
Fill in the blanks with proper words or phrases and then match the questions with their right answers according to the text . A. 1. _________ How often do you hold modern Olympics? B. How can the runner enjoy competing in winter? C. Do all the athletes come from the Greek world?
housed D. Where are all the athletes 2. ________? E. Does anyone want to 3. ________ the host Olympic Games? F. What do you compete for?
a. No, athletes are from all over the world and 4. women _____________ athletes are also included. responsibility but b. Yes, it’s a great 5. ______________ also a great honor to be chosen.
c. Every four years. There are two sets of Games─ the Winter and the Summer Olympics. The Winter Olympics are held 6. two _______________ years before the Summer Games. motto of the d. We compete for the 7. ________ Olympics. e. There are competitions like 8. _________________ skiing and skating instead of running races in the Winter Olympics. f. A special village is built for them. A-c; B-e; C-a; D-f; E-b; F-d
Differences between the ancient and modern Olympic Games:
Ancient Olympic Games 1. only free citizens of one country could take part Modern Olympic Games 1. competitors from many countries
2. slaves and women could not take part
2. all adults can take part if they reach the required standard for their event
Ancient Olympic Games 3. Always in the same place 4. Only once every four years
Modern Olympic Games 3. Hosted by different countries 4. Summer and Winter Games; Special and Paralympics
Answer the following questions.
1.What amazes Pausanias about the Olympic Games? Pausanias is amazed that many countries take part in the Olympic Games and women too and there are two sets of Games – the Winter and the Summer Olympics.
2.Why does he think Athens and Beijing should feel proud? Because Li Yan has explained that it is a great honour to host the Olympic Games.
3. Why does he think people may be competing for money in the modern Olympic Games? He think that so many things have changed in the Olympic Games that he fears that the spirit of the Olympics may have changed too.
4.What makes Pausanias happy about the modern Olympic Games? The modern Olympic Games have more events. Every country wants to host it. It shows that the Games are popular with the whole world. It is just a competition not for money.
Comprehending Exercise 3
a great honour great responsibility
Reasons to host the Olympic Games
new sports facilities
accidents Reasons not to host the Olympic Games /attacks pressure many stadiums accommodation
Work in pairs. What do you prepare for the 2008 Olympic Games if you are a teacher / university students/ worker in Beijing / driver / Tianliang / Guo Jingjing / Liu Xiang / a coach (教练) / Zhang Yimou / the mayor of Beijing ……
Summary of the interview
The Olympic Games are the biggest sports meeting in the world, which include two kinds, the Summer ________and the Winter ______ Olympics. Both of them are _____ ____. All held every _____ four years
countries can take part if their athletes reached the ________ standard to the games. Women are not only _______ allowed to join in but playing a very _________ important role. A ______ special ______ village is built for the competitors
to live in, a ________ stadium for competitions, a large swimming pool, a gymnasium __________ as well as seats for those who watch the games. It’s a great _____ honor to host the Olympic Games. The Olive
wreath has been ________ replaced by medals. But it’s still about being able to run ______, faster jump
______ higher and throw _______. further
Summary and homework
1. Review the reading text and finish Ex. 1 & 2 (P11) 2. Prepare for next period.
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