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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I haven’t lived here long, but I have a great many friend here. (friends) Two Germen are going to give us a speech on the history of literature. (Germans) A house built of bricks lasts longer than the one that is made of woods. (wood) We have made more progresses in English study than last term. (progress) ---What can I do for you? ----Two tea, please. (teas) Yesterday afternoon he told me about his experience as a young man. (experiences) The Smith think it all right to buy their daughter the MP4 player as a birthday gift. (Smiths) This term physics are taught by Mr. Zhang in our school. (is) It is great pleasure to talk with you about the maths problem. (a pleasure) He has finished a day work in six hours. (day’s)

11. My friend Mary comes from an European coutry. (a) 12. Helen has tried twice in the experiment and she is asked to have the third try. (a third) 13. All of the sudden the crazy grabbed me around the neck. (a sudden) 14. I keep a dog; a dog is called Jack. (the dog is called) 15. The boy of no more than four years old can play piano very beautifully. (the piano) 16. Of all the boys, Alan is best students who speaks Spanish. (the best) 17. The young should respect old. (the old.) 18. The accident took place in winter of the year 2010. (the winter) 19. He was made the monitor of our class. (去掉 the) 20. We all know the man is the most developed animal in the world. (man 人类,零冠词) 21. When we went away, we took each other ’s notebook by the mistake. (by mistake) 22. This Sunday I will only stay at home and have rest. (have a rest) 1. The Smiths have married but we have no children. (they) 2. There are forty people in the factory, and thirty percent of her are women. (them) 3. Learning as many English words as possible by heart is indeed necessary for we all th learn English. (for us all) 4. We can see that the tree has shaken off it’s leaves. (its) 5. That village appears similar to me, but I am not familiar with it at all. (mine) 6. The day before the Speech Contest, English teacher talked to me. (my English teacher) 7. I was learning to expree me in simple English. (myself) 8. The mother hopes that the children will behave by themselves. (去掉 by) 9. This book is a good seller, so you can buy one at either shop in Beijing. (any shop) 10. David once lived in London and Manchester, but he likes none. (neither.) 11. On the Internet, we can learn news both at home and abroad and all kinds of another information. (other information. another 后接单数可数名词。) 12. I will have anything about my future to say. (something. anything 用于否定句或疑问句) 13. The days in summer are longer than in winter. ( then those) 14. I love reading poems by Emerson better than that by Whitman. (than those) 15. This is all what Dr. Smith said at the meeting. (all that 或去掉 all) 16. This is the first novel which he has written in English. (that) 17. Let children read such books which will make them wiser. (as) 1. Every day I have to stay school for over nine hours to have lessons. (at school)

2. The work will be finished after two hours. (in two hours, 在将来时态的句子中,表示一段时间之后,用 in, after 后接时间段只用于过去时) 3. In Sunday mornings, he would sit in the garden, enjoying the warm sun. (on Sunday, morning 前有定语修 饰,特指) 4. After that they built a bridge through the river. (across 或 over) 5. I saw the good news about the football match on the newspaper this morning. (in the newspaper) 6. Most of the large cities in the world have grown without plans, between which London is one. (among) 7. Except milk and cheese, we also need vegetables. (Besides) 8. Cut the watermelon by a sharp knife. (with a sharp) 9. Water can be turned in ice if it is made cold enough. (into) 10. At the end we solved the problem, which made every one very happy. (In) 11. On the corner of the room stood a big old chair. (In) 12. Mu uncle, along with my brother, will go abroad in business next week. (on business) 13. The book is considered to be great value to you in your studies. (be of great) 14. Because of air pollution being greatly reduces, this city is still a good place to live. (live in) 15. Here are five pairs of shoes for me to choose. I don’t know which to buy. (choose from) 16. They did not have much time to talk about together. (去掉 about) 17. The teacher told us that we were running out our time. (run out of time) 18. Several members have come up suggestions of their own. (come up with) 19. He is always playing a joke to his deskmate. (a joke on sb.) 20. Do you have any difficulty on listening? (in ) 21. She was particular to what she wore when she was still a little girl. (about/over) 22. He was eager with work, for he could not imagine the life without it. (for) 23. I forgot to write the plan by chance, while they didn’t do it by purpose. (on purpose) 24. The accident was my fault, so I had to pay for the damage on the other car. (damage to) 25. He failed again in the exam because his carelessness. (because of) 26. Take your umbrella in case of it is going to rain. (in case)

1. Students who work part-time earn extra money; however, they learn a lot about the society they live in. (besides/moreover) 2. Beside, they have to consider their health condition. (Besides) 3. It’s hard work. I enjoy it, but. (though, but 不能放句尾) 4. Men and women, young or old, all joined in the party. (and young) 5. You are right, because we should support you. (so) 6. Supposed that he doesn’t fo to the West, who else can do? (Supposing/ Suppose)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

It was real very dangerous and you might have injured yourself. (really) I thought my final attempt to fix it was successfully, but eventually I failed. (successful) He was sitiing in a corner, silently. (silent) Some TV programmes can offer us a good chanve to attend the lively talk show. (live) Most Americans feel uncomfortable if they stand too closely to others when talking. (close) I had to think long and hardly before I could find the answer. (hard) He says that skiing is much exciting than skating. (much more 或 more exciting) They have much more English books than we. (many more)

9. At the evening party, our head teacher proved to be the more popular in our school. (most popular)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31.

Tom was late for school again and apologized me for coming late. (to me) When I reach at the end of the road, I see the hospital. (reach the end) I have caught a bad old for a week and I can’t get rid of it. (have had, catch 是非延续性动词) I have received your letter just now. (去掉 have) We also visited some workshops, talked to some of the workers and have learned a lot. (去掉 have) After graduation I studied English in an evening shool and then I work in a factory. (worked) Most parents in China hoped their children will have a happy future, so they are very strict with their children. (hope) I had no idea that you are here yesterday. (were) He kept on running until he get to a bus shop. (got) The party was lasted nearly three hours. (was 去掉) Recently a survey has conducted to find out how many hours of sleep we Senior 3 students get. (has been) When the fire was put out at last, 40 houses had destroyed. (had been) I once suggested that we students must be given more free time. (should 或去掉 must) The new film firected by Zhang Yimou is interesting to be see. (to see, 形容词后接不定式的主动式,表示被 动意义,与句子主语构成逻辑上的动宾关系) They decided stop to have a good rest after they climbed the mountain. (decided to) We all think important for students to learn a foreign language. (think it) When Mrs. White goes back home after class, she expects Jane, her daughter, to being working at her desk. (to be, expect sb to be doing 期待某人正在做) When you come to our musical party, remembering to bring your own musical instruments. (remember) He came into the forest alone without tell the guide, which made everyone worried. (telling) He went on talk about the accident even though no one was listening. (talking) We all were very exciting to learn that you won the first in the competition. (excited) I don’t want to go out with you. I’d rather to stay at home. (to 去掉) The animals had nothing to do but to lie down and sleep. (去掉第二个 to, have nothing to do but do) Her job is to take care of the children and to wash clothes. (去掉第二个 to, 两个或两个以上的动词不定式 连用表示并列时, 前一个不定式带 to, 后面的不定式省略 to) We often heard her to sing next door. (去掉 to) My parents hoped that I would study history, but I didn’t want. (want to) She wants to come but her parents won’t allow her. (her to, 省略时保留 to, 如果是 to be/ be have done, to 和 be 或 have 一并保留) ----Hasn’t he finished writing the report? ----No, but he ought to. (to have) A professor comes fom Zhengzhou University will give us a talk tomorrow afternoon. (coming 或 who/that comes) Before he went abroad, he spent as much time as he could learn English. (learning, spend some time (in) doing sth. I’m sorry I can’t help doing the washing for you; I’ll have to fetch my daughter. (help do; help (to) do 结构, 不是 can’t help doing sth. 忍不住做某事)

1. As we all know, we had meals three times a day. (have) 2. When he studied at the middle school, he often sees films. (saw)

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42.

This is the first time Mr. White had come to China. (has; This is the first time +(that) sb. has done.) Last evening, as I am watching TV, my brother fell asleep. (was) I tried to act as if nothing has happened until the class was over. (had) Such a method can be hearing of before. (heard) The plan was be discussed at 8:30 yesterday morning. (being) The shop was closed at 6 p.m. yesterday. (去掉 was; close, begin,finish,start,stop,shut 等做谓语时,用主动 态) The old method was proved best after all. (去掉 was, 系动词) My pen needs filled. (filling/needs to be filled) Somebody, posts the English letter. (post) Taking care not to catch cold. (take) He would rather his mother comes here immediately. (came, would rather sb. did sth.) The little boy didn’t know if to run or stop when a dog came out of the room. (whether, if 不能接带 to 的不 定式) This is the factory where we visited last week. (that/which) Finally they came to a point which both sides agreed to make peace. (where) The weather turned to be very good, what was much better than expected. (which) Our headteacher may come into the classroom, in that case both of us will be punished. (in which case) The was how he treated the old man politely was very simple. (去掉 how 或改成 that) The naughty boy is not the same child that he was. (as he was) Tom is such a good boy as we all love him. (that we all ) I as in doubt that I should take his advise. (whether) I saw your name on the list of French teacher who wish to spend their holidays in France this summer. (teachers) It is bad manners in the classroom to look for what our neighbours have written while an exam is going on. (look at) At first my progress in the production line were slow. (was) Five years have passed since I joined the Party. (has, 时间整体概念) Truth and honesty are our great conscience. (is; 诚实守信一个整体概念) Five minus four are one. (is) The poor is to be helped. (are) His family is all waiting for him. (are) Half of the students has failed in the maths exam. (have) In our class Tom is the only one of the students who are from the USA. (is) The English-Chinese dictionary other than some other novels belong to John. (belongs) The blue and green jacket are his. (is) The oil output of 2010 was much higher that one of 2008. (that.指代不可数) Your new jacket fits you, but my doesn’t fit me. (mine) Uniting as one, we are able to succeed. (Uniting) Tell the children played there not to make so much noise. (playing) Either you or John are to do the work. (is,就近原则) Neither we nor she know when the profesor from HK comes here. (knows, 就近原则) Don’t let my little son who is so young to go swimming by himself. (去掉 to) China’s population is much more larger than any other countries in the world. (去掉 more)




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