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湖北省2013届高考英语一轮复习基础知识课件 Unit3 A taste of English humour 新人教版必修4


2013届湖北高考英语一轮复习基础知识课件:Unit3 A taste of English humour(新人教版必修4)

佳 作 诵 读
晨 读 必 背·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 写 作 提 升 ·············· ·············

(2010·安徽卷)假设你将参加某英语杂

志社开展的一次征文 活动,征文的内容要求你在电视、手机(cellphone)和网络三者中,

放弃其中一个并陈述理由。请你以“Which would you give up,
TV,cell or Web?”为题,写一篇英语短文。 注意:1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________

【经典范文】 We are now living in an information age, in which TV, cells and the Web are widely used. It seems that many people can't enjoy themselves without them. However, if I had to give up one of them, I would turn off the TV rather than switch off my cellphone or cut off the Internet. I could do without TV because few shows are mystery and there're too many commercials. Besides, most programmes on TV are also available elsewhere.

As for cellphones and the Web, they are more necessary to me. I need a cellphone to keep in touch with my friends and family, and almost all information can be gathered on the Internet.

考 点 锁 定
明 确 目 标·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 基 础 自 清 ·············· ·············

Ⅰ.重点词汇 1.________ n.幽默;滑稽→________adj.幽默的 2.________ n.喜剧 3.________ adj.满足的;满意的n.满足vt.使满足

4.________ n.表演者;演出者→________n.演出
5.________ vt.使惊诧→________adj.令人感到惊讶的

6.________ adj.幸运的;吉利的→________adj.不幸地
7.________ adj.平常的;普通的

8.________ vt.使欢乐;款待→______adj.愉快的;有趣的 9.________ n.小胡子 10.________ adj.破烂的→________adj.磨破的;穿旧的 11.________ n.乐观;乐观主义→______n.乐观主义者

12.________ vt.战胜;克服
13.________ vt.使信服→________adj.令人信服的

14.________ n.信心;信念→________adj.有信心的

15.________ n.姿态;手势vi.做手势 16.________ adj.特殊的→________adv.特殊地;特别地 17.________ n.时刻;场合→________adj.偶尔的 18.________ n.预算;开支

19.________ adj.多山的;山一般的
20.________ n.耳语;低语vi.低语;小声说

答案 1 . humour ; humourous 4 . performer ; performance 2.comedy 3.content

5.astonish ; astonishing

6 . fortunate ; unfortunately
entertaining optimist 9.moustache

7.ordinary

8.entertain ;
11.optimism;

10.worn;worn-out

12 . overcome

13.convince ; convincing 15.gesture ; occasional 16.particular ; 18.budget

14.confidence ; confident particularly 19.mountainous 17.occasion 20.whisper

Ⅱ.短语回顾 1.________till now直到现在 2.feel________感到沮丧 3.feel/be content________对……满足

4.badly________穷的;缺少的
5.________the world全世界

6.________clothes穿旧的衣服
7.in search________寻找

8.pick________挑出;分辨 9.cut________切断;断绝 10.star________担任主角;主演 答案

1 . up
6.worn-out

2.depressed
7.of 8.out 9.off

3.with
10.in

4.off

5.throughout

Ⅲ.句式填空 1.find+it+adj.+that从句 You may______________________( 发 现 …… 很 惊

奇)Charlie was taught to sing as soon as he could speak and

dance as soon as he could walk.
2.leave的复合结构 Unfortunately his father died,________________(使得家 境更加艰难)...

3.as if/as though的用法 Charlie first picks out the laces and eats them________(好 像它们是)spaghetti. 4.so...that...的用法

The acting is______________( 如 此 有 说 服 力 以 至 于 )it
makes you believe that it is one of the best meals he has ever tasted! 5.as well as的用法 I observed him directing________________(又表演).

答案 1.find it astonishing that 2.leaving the family even worse off 3.as if they were

4.so convincing that
5.as well as acting

高 频 考 点
热 点 梳 理·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 分 层 突 破 ·············· ·············

考点单词 1.content n.内容,题材,含量,目录(常用复数);满足 adj.满足的,高兴的(一般不用作定语)vt.使……满足 We sang away to our heart's content.

我们尽情地歌唱。
John is quite content to watch television for hours.

约翰非常满足于一连几个小时地看电视。

be content to do sth.乐于做某事 be content with对??满足/满意 to one's heart's content心满意足地,尽情地 content oneself with满足于;使(某人)自己对??感到满足

【易混辨析】 content/satisfy (1)content表示使人在一定程度上得到满足。 (2)satisfy表示使人的要求、希望得到完全的满足。

Now that she has apologized, I am content.
既然她已经道了歉,我也就满意了。

The poor are often contented, but a miser is never satisfied.
穷人常知足,守财奴则永不满足。

【巧学妙记】

即境活用1

Young people are not________to stand and

look at works of art; they want art they can participate in.

A.content
C.confident

B.generous
D.conservative

[解析]content满足的。generous 慷慨的;confident 自信的;
conservative 保守的。 [答案]A

2.fortunate adj.幸运的;吉利的 He was fortunate in having such supportive parents. 他有这样支持他的父母,真幸运。 He was fortunate enough to escape unharmed.

他真是幸运,逃了出来,没有受伤。
be fortunate in...在??方面幸运

be fortunate to do sth.幸运地能做某事

【思维拓展】 fortune n.运气 make a fortune发财 have a good/bad fortune运气好/不好

try one's fortune碰碰运气
fame and fortune名利

misfortune n.不幸
fortunately adv.幸运的是;幸运地

unfortunately adv.不幸的是

即境活用2

He is loved by anyone who has had the

good________to know him.

A.fortune
C.purpose

B.wealth
D.determination

[ 解 析 ]fortune 运 气 。 wealth 财 富 ; purpose 目 的 ;
determination 决心。 [答案]A

3.entertain vt.& vi.使欢乐;款待 The old man often entertains the children with funny expressions. 这个老人经常用滑稽的表情逗孩子们玩。

This Saturday I will entertain my friends to dinner.
这个星期六我将请我的朋友吃饭。

entertain sb. with sth.用??使某人快乐
entertain sb. to sth.用??招待/款待某人

【思维拓展】 entertaining adj.引人发笑的,有趣的,娱乐的 entertainment n.招待,款待,娱乐 give an entertainment to sb.招待某人

即境活用3

He made a promise________he would

entertain us ________dinner the next day.

A.that; with
C.which; with

B.that; to
D.which; to

[解析]that引出同位语从句;entertain sb. with sth.用某物
款待某人。 [答案]A

4.failure n.失败;失败的人或事 Harry's ambitious plans ended in failure. 哈里雄心勃勃的计划以失败而告终。 The whole thing was a total failure from start to end.

这件事从头到尾都是个失败。

【思维拓展】 fail vi.失败;不及格 fail to do sth.未能够做成某事 fail in sth.在……失败

【易错提示】 failure表示“失败”这一抽象的概念时为不可数名词;表 示具体的“失败的人”或“失败的事物”时则为可数名词。 许多名词像failure一样既作不可数名词又作可数名词:

success[U]成功;[C]成功的人或事物
surprise[U]惊讶;[C]令人惊讶的事

shock[U]震惊;[C]令人震惊的事
glass[U]玻璃;[C]玻璃杯

paper[U]纸;[C]报纸,证件 iron[U]铁;[C]电熨斗 beauty[U]美;[C]美人

即境活用4

Words________me when I wanted to express

my thanks to him for having given me so much help.

A.left
C.failed

B.disappointed
D.flew

[解析]words failed sb.某人说不出话来。
[答案]C

5.direct vt.& vi.导演;指示;指挥adj.径直的;直接的; 直率的adv.直接地

We were directed to hand over our passports.
我们得到指示把护照交上去。

Directly he came in, everyone was quiet.
他一进来,所有人都安静了下来。

direct sb. to do sth.指示(令)某人做某事
direct+that从句(谓语动词用虚拟语气) direct sb. to a place引导某人去某地

in the direction of...朝??方向 under the direction of...在??指导下 in all directions(=in every direction)朝四面八方 directly adv.直接地,也可作连词,引导时间状语从句,意

为“一??就??”

即境活用5

The government directed that some small coal

mines________be closed.

A.must
C.might

B.should
D.can

[解析]direct that从句用虚拟语气should do。
[答案]B

6.particular adj.特别的,特殊的;特定的;讲究的;挑 剔的

She's very particular about her food.
她吃东西十分挑剔。

I noticed his eyes in particular, because they were such an
unusual colour. 我尤其注意到他的眼睛,因为它们的颜色非同寻常。 It's particularly cold today. 今天特别冷。

be particular to是??特有的 be particular about/over对??很挑剔或很讲究 in particular特别地,特别是 particularly adv.特别,尤其

【易混辨析】 especially/specially/particularly (1)especially指某事超乎一般的重要,强调“超过其他”; 常用于一些强调需要特别注意或特别对待的场合,含有对比的

意味。
(2)specially多指为了某一特定目的而专门做某事。 (3)particularly表示“特别地,尤其地”,可以与especially 互换,但particularly还可作“详细地,细致地”讲,侧重指从 同类中把特例选出,强调在某一方面表现尤为突出。

即境活用6

On Sundays, many parents go to the school

________to see their children.

A.especially
C.particularly

B.specially
D.in particular

[解析]specially专门地。especially 尤其;particularly 特别
地;in particular 尤其。 [答案]B

7.react vi.作出反应;回应 People can react badly to certain food additives. 有的人对某些食物添加剂产生严重反应。 We reacted against the limitations of us.

我们反对对我们的限制。
react to sth.(对??)作出反应;回应

react with(和??)起化学反应;发生物理变化
react against反对;反抗

reaction n.反应;回应

即境活用7 A.react to C.lead to

How did he ________your answer? B.refer to D.object to

[解析]react to对……作出反应。

[答案]A

8.overcome vt.战胜;克服 Having overcome his faults, he is more and more popular with his colleagues. 克服了他的缺点以后,他越来越受到同事的欢迎。

She was overcome with heat.
她热得晕过去了。

overcome the enemies战胜敌人
overcome fear/difficulty克服恐惧/困难 be overcome with/by...使无能为力

即境活用8 speaking in public?

—What can I do to________my fear of

—Just take more activities with your friends.
A.astonish B.overcome

C.control

D.entertain

[解析]overcome克服。astonish 使惊讶;control 控制;

entertain 使娱乐。
[答案]B

9.occasion n.时刻;场合 This is hardly the occasion for a family argument. 这个时候不宜为家事争吵。 On that occasion I was not at home.

那时候我不在家。
the occasion for doing sth./to do sth.做某事的机会

be not an occasion for...不是??的时候
on/upon occasion偶尔;有时

on this/that occasion在这个/那个时候 on one occasion曾经;有一个时候 on several occasions屡次;好几次 on the occasion of在??的时候;在??之际

take occasion to do乘机去做??

即境活用9

(2012·安徽牛镇质检)The machine has been

used many years. It's no wonder that it doesn't work well

________.
A.regularly B.constantly

C.occasionally

D.frequently

[解析]考查副词辨析。occasionally 偶尔; regularly 定期 地; constantly 不断地,经常地; frequently 频繁地,经常地。 句意:这台机器用了好多年了,难怪(它)偶尔不工作。 [答案]C

10.whisper n.耳语;低语vi.低语;小声说 He whispered a warning to me and then disappeared. 他低声警告了我一声就不见了踪影。 It's whispered that he may resign.

有人私下传说他可能要辞职。
whisper to sb.对某人耳语

whisper about sth./sb.小声议论某事/人
whisper sth. to sb.低声告诉某人某事

whisper sth. in one's ears跟某人耳语某事 It's whispered that...私下说?? in a whisper/whispers低声说;小声地说

即境活用10 their words clearly.

The two women ______ so I couldn't hear

A.whispered
C.roared

B.shouted
D.swallowed

[解析]whisper耳语。shout 大叫;roar 怒吼;swallow 吞咽。
[答案]A

考点短语 1.be badly off穷的;拮据;境况不好;缺乏 They are too badly off to have a holiday. 他们太穷,不能去度假。

The school is rather badly off for equipment.
学校设备相当缺乏。

【思维拓展】 be worse off境况更糟糕 be well off 境况好;富裕 be better off境况较好

go from bad to worse越来越坏;每况愈下
worse and worse越来越糟;每况愈下

to make matters even worse更糟糕的是

即境活用11

(2012·浙江十校期中联考)In fact most people

in that area are________than they were five years ago because of

years of wars.
A.poorer off B.worse off

C.better off

D.richer off

[解析]worse off比较贫穷。 [答案]B

2.pick out挑出;分辨 She picked out a scarf to go with the dress. 她挑选了一条围巾以配上她穿的衣服。 Can you pick out your sister in this crowd?

你能在这群人中认出你的妹妹吗?

【思维拓展】 pick flowers/cotton摘花/棉花 pick up 拾起;捡起;得到;学会;用车接人/物;收听到 pick oneself up(跌倒后)爬起来

pick one's pockets扒口袋行窃
pick one's words说话小心

pick holes in...挑毛病;找破绽

即境活用12

It was so dark in the cinema that I could

hardly________my friend.

A.turn out
C.call out

B.bring out
D.pick out

[解析]pick out认出。turn out 结果是;call out 大声叫;
bring out 展现。 [答案]D

3.cut off切掉,剪下;切断,断绝;隔绝 The factory cuts off our views of the hills. 这家工厂挡住了我们观山景的视线。 Kerr cut off some flowers from the bush.

Kerr从花丛中剪下一些花。

【思维拓展】 cut across抄近路穿过 cut away切掉,剪掉;逃走,跑开 cut back急忙返回;削减,缩减

cut down砍倒;(疾病等)夺去生命;削减;缩短
cut in插嘴,突然插入

cut into halves/pieces切成两半/碎块
cut out切掉;删掉;戒除

cut up切碎;齐根切断

即 境 活 用 13

(2012· 浙 江 十 校 期 中 联 考 )I was

________while I was talking on the phone with her.

A.cut down
C.cut out

B.cut up
D.cut off

[解析]cut off 切断。cut down 削减;cut out 切去;cut up
切碎。 [答案]D

重点句型 1.Unfortunately his father died, leaving the family even worse off, so Charlie spent his childhood looking after his sick mother and his brother.

不幸的是他的父亲去世了,使得他的家庭状况更糟了,因
此查理的童年是在照顾生病的母亲和弟弟中度过的。 His parents died, leaving him an orphan. 他的父母去世了,使他成为孤儿。

The child fell, striking his head against the door. 小孩摔了一跤,头在门上碰了一下。 【易错提示】 现在分词作结果状语常表示“意料、情理之中”,而不定

式作结果状语常表出乎意料的结果。
He hurried to the bus stop, only to find the bus had left.

他匆匆地去了车站,结果发现车已离开。
Her father disappeared, never to be heard from again. 她的父亲离家出走,从此杳无音讯。

即 境 活 用 14

The news shocked the public , ______to

great concern about students' safety at school.

A.having led
C.leading

B.led
D.to lead

[解析]现在分词作结果状语。
[答案]C

2.As_time_went_by,_he began making films. 随着时间的推移,他开始拍电影。 句 中 as 引 导 时 间 状 语 从 句 , 表 示 “ 当 ?? 的 时 候 , 一 面??一面,随着”。用作连词时它还可以引导原因状语从句,

译为“因为”;引导让步状语从句,译为“尽管”;引导方式
状语从句,译为“按照,像??那样”。 The peasants sang songs as they were doing farm work. 那些农民一边干活一边唱歌。

As she grew older, she became less patient with housework. 随着年龄的增长,她对家务活越来越没有耐心。 As he wasn't ready in time, we went climbing without him. 因为他没及时做好准备,我们没等他就爬山去了。

Young as he is, he knows some of the family secrets.
尽管他很小,但是他也知道一些家里的秘密。

The teacher asked us to watch carefully and do as he
showed. 老师让我们仔细观看,然后按照他教的那样去做。

即境活用15

Jenny was very sad over the loss of the

photos she had shot in Canada,________this was a memory she

especially treasured.
A.as B.if

C.when
[解析]as表示原因。 [答案]A

D.where

课 堂 双 基
紧 扣 考 点·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 跟 踪 训 练 ·············· ·············

Ⅰ.词义辨析 1.Effective treatments do exist, but ________ they are very expensive. A.unfortunately B.particularly

C.independently

D.approximately

[ 解 析 ]unfortunately 不 幸 的 是 。 particularly 特 别 地 ;

independently 独立地;approximately 大约。
[答案]A

2.This television programme is designed to educate and not merely to________.

A.astonish
C.entertain

B.convince
D.slide

[解析]entertain 使娱乐。astonish 使惊讶;convince 使信
服;slide 滑动。 [答案]C

3.She was ________with joy when she was informed that she would be promoted.

A.struggled
C.conquered

B.defeated
D.overcome

[解析]overcome 战胜。struggle 挣扎;conquer 征服;
defeat 打败。 [答案]D

4.He will demand ________ evidence before he adopts a new theory.

A.outstanding
C.amusing

B.convincing
D.charming

[ 解 析 ]convincing 令 人 信 服 的 。 outstanding 显 著 的 ;
amusing 引人发笑的;charming 妩媚的。 [答案]B

5.In every field of science, art, literature, drama and sport, they have made ________ contributions.

A.swift
C.considerate

B.outstanding
D.genuine

[解析]outstanding 显著的。swift 急速的;considerate 体贴
的;genuine 真的。 [答案]B

6.As is often the case,deaf people communicate mainly by________.

A.gesture
C.contact

B.whisper
D.signal

[解析]gesture 手势。whisper 耳语;contact 联系;signal
信号。 [答案]A

7.My brother likes eating very much but he isn't very ________about the food he eats.

A.special
C.particular

B.ordinary
D.content

[解析]be particular about 对??挑剔。
[答案]C

8.I saw Bob play the piano at John's party and on that ________he was simply brilliant.

A.scene
C.occasion

B.circumstance
D.situation

[解析]on that occasion 在那时。
[答案]C

9.He ________in his wife's ear for fear of being heard by others.

A.whispered
C.explained

B.shouted
D.replied

[解析]whisper 耳语。shout 大叫;explain 解释;reply 回
答。 [答案]A

10.Workers ________ angrily to the news of more job losses in the factory.

A.convinced
C.adapted

B.focused
D.reacted

[解析]react反应。convince 使信服;focus专注于;adapt
适应。 [答案]D

Ⅱ.短语填空 badly off; pick out; cut off; in search of; up to now; feel/be content with;star in;break into; in between;go by 1.________,no wonder drug has been found which can

cure cancers.
2 . He seems to ________ a fairly minor role in the government. 3.Sarah has missed her chance of________ the school play.

4.Thieves ________ the bank by digging a tunnel and took away lots of money.

5.We have two lessons this morning, but there's some free
time________.

6.As time________, my credit history was gradually
building up. 7.They were ________ for not paying their phone bill. 8.He went________ a doctor for his sick wife.

9.She was ________ from dozens of applicants for the job. 10. Tom has been out of work for years. He is now quite________. 答案

1.Up to now
into 5.in between

2.be content with
6.went by

3.starring in

4.broke

7.cut off

8.in search of

9.picked out

10.badly off

Ⅲ.单词拼写 1.I found it________(令人惊讶的) that the young player beat the chess master in the game. 2.He is a________(失败者) as an artist,but a success as

an art teacher.
3.If we work with a strong will,we can________ (克服) any difficulty, no matter how great it is. 4.They often________(款待) their friends at weekends.

5.Elizabeth Fry helped to improve prison conditions and gave the ________(无家可归的) work and education.

6 . After graduating from Peking University, he was
________(幸运的) in having a good job.

7.I lived in an area of________(显著的) natural beauty.
8.Most________(表演者) feel nervous before they go on stage. 9.So far there is no________(令人信服的)evidence that there exists life in outer space.

10 . Some kids are very ________( 挑 剔 的 ) about food.That's why they don't have a balanced diet.

答案
1 . astonishing 2.failure 3.overcome 4.entertain

5.homeless

6.fortunate

7.outstanding

8.performers

9.convincing 10.particular


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