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高中英语 Module 4 Music Born in America[TY]课件 外研版选修7


Unit 4 Music Born in America

America music is the blend of all kinds of culture and music. On the other hand, America is a free country for the music development.

Brea

kdancing

A Movie about Breakdancing

The Breakdancing shows on the stage and in the street.

Graffiti Artworks

Graffiti Artworks

DJs play a important role in the rock music

A Famous America Rap Singer

A rap singer being awarded a prize

爵士音乐 (Jazz)
19世纪末20世纪初在美国新奥尔良发 展起来的一种流行音乐。其形成与发展 经历了比较复杂的过程。爵士乐来自非 洲音乐。17-18世纪,非洲黑人被贩运到 北美,过着非人的奴隶生活,音乐成为 他们抒发内心痛苦、寻求精神慰藉的主 要工具。黑人奴隶保持了非洲音乐的传 统,同时又逐渐受到欧洲音乐的影响, 于是产生出许多美国黑人的音乐形式, 如布鲁斯、拉格泰姆、灵歌、福音歌等 。其中以布鲁斯和拉格泰姆对爵士乐的 形成影响最为明显,它们的一些艺术特 征迄今仍保留在爵士音乐中。

蓝调(blues)
布鲁斯是一种黑人民歌,以吉他或其他 乐器伴奏。源自黑奴的劳动歌曲,内容 多表现黑人的不幸生活和、哀怨及渴望 幸福的情绪。最著名的布鲁斯歌手是 B.史密斯,她的富有特色的演唱(包括 各种滑音和颤音的运用),对早期爵土音 乐风格的形成有很大影响。她演唱的 《圣路易斯布鲁斯》是广为流传的经典 性的布鲁斯之一。拉格泰姆(曾译散拍乐) 是一种钢琴音乐,可能是从饼步舞(美国 南方种植园中农奴们的一种舞蹈)、班卓 琴曲与欧洲的舞曲、进行曲等综合、演 变而来。重要代表人物是作曲家S.乔普 林,他最著名的作品是《枫叶拉格泰 姆》。

灵歌(Soul Music)
北美黑人的宗教礼拜歌曲。内容大多 反映黑人遭受残酷奴役、痛苦无告、只 好把希望寄托在宗教上的悲惨处境。用 英语演唱,旋律朴素,多数为五声大调 式(如么溜回去入《没有人知道我的痛苦 》、《下来,可爱的马车》)或七声小调 式(如《去吧、摩西》、《钉十字架》), 富于切分节奏,和声近似美国基督教会 的赞美诗。由于经常即兴演唱,几乎没 有定语可以遵循。南北战争后,由于菲 斯克大学黑人歌唱团等黑人歌手的传布 ,以美国最有代表性的黑人民歌闻名于 世,并成为爵士音乐的重要素材。北美 白人演唱的民间赞美诗亦称灵歌。

福音音乐(GOSPEL MUSIC)
作为被剥夺文化的奴隶,早期非洲-美国黑人认 为只有教堂才是他们能抒发和抚慰在新处境里 心境的地方,并通过寓言和歌唱形式传播单纯 的“转世投胎”的理论,使黑人教堂在19世纪 异常繁荣。他们早期通过口耳传播非洲化的基 督教圣歌,由此转化、形成了黑人精神——和 谐的福音音乐(GOSPEL MUSIC)。

Rap:
扣击责骂使着迷发敲击声交谈理解 也叫说唱乐 (美国人说)说唱乐在早期的时候被称作“旧 式说唱乐”。而其形式也总是由DJ刮擦唱片或播 放连续的鼓曲从而产生多变的和节奏感极强的音 乐,伴着这种音乐MC在一旁快速地,极富节奏感 地用语言诠释着自己对生活的感悟或精神状态。 说唱乐就是这样默默地,却是极生动地开端了它 发展的坎途。随后,乐器的搭配上说唱乐融入了 硬式摇滚吉他,第一支“硬核说唱乐 (HardcoreRap)”组合Run—D.M.C.也将“hard— hittingbeats”引进了说唱乐的表现方法里,而旧式 的刮擦唱片的技术也经由声音采样技术的提高和 普及取而代之。

Grammar: Ellipsis
? 小议省略 ? 为避免重复,省略句中的一个或几个成 分,这种语法现象叫省略。一般说来, 句子的省略都发生在句子的主要成分上, 即发生在主语,谓语,宾语上。

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?

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1.省略主语 (1) 在祈使句中省略主语,如:(You) Come here. (2) 在表达对某事物的看法时,有时也 把主语省略,如: (It) Sounds like a good idea. (I) Have no idea.

? ? ? ? ?

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2.省略谓语或谓语的一部分 (1) 在并列句中省略重复的部分,如: He repaired the computer and I (repaired) the loudspeaker. Mary learns French and John (learns) German. (2) 当并列句或从句中有助动词时,可 以省略相同的动词,如: She might sing, but I don’t think she will (sing). (3) 在there be句型中省略there be,如: (Is there) Anything I can do for you?

? ? ? ? ?

3.省略宾语 作为宾语的单词或从句有时都可以省略, 如: He wrote down the new words and I wrote down (the new words), too. —Is our teacher in the office? —Sorry, I don’t know (whether he is or not ).

? ? ? ?

4.主语和谓语一起省略 (You come) This way please. —What do you want to eat? —(I want) Some rice and vegetables.

? ? ? ? ? ?

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5.不定式符号to后面的动词可以省略 (1) 在回答话语中,如: —Would you like to come to the party? —I’d love to (come to the party). (2) 在状语从句中,如: You can go with us to the concert if you want to. (这里特别要注意动词可以省略,但是不 定式符号to不可以省略。)

涂鸦艺术(Graffiti art) 涂鸦艺术在 HIP HOP文化中,一直是较静态的一个部份,因为它 一直游走在法律与艺术之间,其实说起来,其中违法的部份在于 许多人仍将它用在地盘的区分上,而非用在真正的艺术创作上。 但谁都不能就此否认它们的存在价值,因为涂鸦的起源本是如此。 所以在欧洲,有许多艺术家组成联盟,为的只是要争取它们在艺 术上的价值。

piano

saxophone

saxophone

flute

A Music Band

piano

Language Point
? 1. Cantopop expresses only harmony and virtue, and Hong Kong is blessed with the most conventional music scene in the world. (P53) ? 在这个句子中,be blessed with 表示“幸运的享 有”,“有幸得到”,“具有……”,后加名词。 类似的用法还有: ? e.g. He is blessed with good health. 他享有好的健 康。 ? 此外,bless一词还常用于一些常用语中,如: ? God be blessed! 感谢主! ? God bless me! 上帝保佑我!

? 2. People were bored with the pop music of the day—disco music and rock music were both in decline in the mid 1970s. (P45) ? 句中,be bored with sth/ sb, 表示 “对……感到厌烦”,这里要注意区别 bored和boring, bored 表示“感到厌烦 的”,而boring表示“令人厌烦的”,如: ? This job is so boring that everyone intends to give it up. ? Everyone is bored with this tough job.

? 3. The fans are devoted to their stars. (P53) ? 句中,be devoted to 后加名词或动名词, 表示“致力于”,“专心于” ? e.g. He has been devoted to the research of artificial intelligence. ? People are devoted to finding the main contradiction. ? devote还可以用于短语devote oneself to… 表示“献身于”,“致力于”。

? 4. They yell their names at concerts and beg for autographs. (P53) ? beg for sth. 表示“请求得到某物”,也可 用于beg sb. to do sth. 表示“请求某人做 某事”,如: ? The children begged for the best rewards for their excellent performance in the exams. ? The stray children begged that old man to give them some food to eat.

? 5. When new albums come out, the stars are marketed as consumer products, (…) (P53) ? come out意为“出来”,“出现”,“发 行”,“出版”,“发表”,“揭露” 等,这里表示“专辑发行”。 ? e.g. The author’s new book just came out and it was soon becoming a best-seller. 作 者的新书刚刚出版, 很快就变得很畅销。 ? The whole story came out during the process of trial. 整个事情在审讯过程中揭 露出来。

? 6. It is far from being a part-time job. (P53) ? far from在这个句子中表示“远远不”,“完全 不”。它的本义是“远离……”,如:It is far from here. ? 7. I wanted black music to make an impression on white audience and we got some great blues, jazz and gospel artists. (P55) ? make an impression on sb.表示“给某人留下印 象”,“给……以影响”,另外还可以用make no impression on sb.,意为“对某人无影响”。

? 8. (…), but Herc and other DJs made them longer by using two records on two turntables, side by side. (P44) ? side by side表示“并排”,“一起”, “肩并肩”。类似的短语还有:neck and neck “并驾齐驱地”, head to head “交头 接耳地”。

? 9. Hip hop took advantage of that and provided a kind of disco music for people who hated disco. (P45) ? take advantage of sth. 表示“利用”, “很好的使用某物”,take advantage of sb.表示“欺骗”,“占便宜”,与 advantage的相关短语还有:have the advantage of 比……强, 胜过,make one’s advantage of 利用,占便宜。

? 10. The teacher told us that she would try out the theory and play us some classical music, (…) (P52) ? try out的意思是“试验”,“尝试”,另 外还可以表示“参加选拔”,如: ? He has tried out for the football team, but failed.

Exercises 1.in decline (a)becoming more popular (b)becoming less popular √ 2.took advantage of (a)used √ (b)didn’t use

3.the next generation (a)the people who followed immediately



(b)people 20 years later
4.spread

(a)went to other places √ (b)stayed in the same place

5.strongly influenced (by) (a)affected a lot √ (b)didn’t affect at all

6.emerged
(a)disappeared



(b)appeared

Backing tracks beat disco music electronic
Percussion rap reggae rock music record

music

1.The instrumental music behind a singer’s backing tracks . voice is called the ______________
2.Drums and similar instruments are percussion called__________. Disco music is music that people dance 3.______________ to in clubs.

4.Songs that are spoken rather than sung rap are called________________.

Reggae 5.____________ is a kind of music that comes from the Caribbean.
beat 6.The__________ of a song makes you want to dance!

Electronic musicis produced on a computer. 7._____________
Rock music can be very noisy. 8._____________ record their songs in a studio. 9.Musicians__________

Everyday English

1.can you turn that music down a bit? (b)can you make it quieter? √
2.It isn’t my cup of tea. (a)can you make it louder?



(a)It isn’t the kind of thing I like.
(b)This tea belongs to someone else.

3.We didn’t play music as loudly as you do these days.



(a)You like listening to music louder than we did.
(b)We listened to louder music than you. 4.why are you inside listening to music?

(a)Why don’t you turn the music off and go out?



(b)Why don’t you listen to the music outside?

5.It’s her turn to call me. (a)I called her last time.



(b)She wants to call me.

Cultural Corner

Louis Armstrong

Robert Johnson

Woody Guthrie

Woody Guthrie was playing his guitar.

Questions:
1.Do you like Hongkong Music? 2.What do you know about Cantopop? 3.Which Hongkong singer do you like?

The kings of Cantopop

Jackie Cheung

Andy Lau

Leon Lai

Aaron Kwok

Test Yourself
? 1. You should take advantage of this opportunity, for it may not occur again. ? 2. He was far from being satisfied with the current position in the company so at last he quit. ? 3. It is evident from his words that he has been bored with this task, because he said he would never do it again.

? 4. The girl talked eloquently (富有表现力 地) in order that she could make an impression on ____________________the interviewers. is blessed with the favorable ? 5. The city _______________ situation for the future development. ? 6. As soon as the book Chicken Soup came out _______________, it became popular among the young people pretty soon.

devoted to ? 7. The scientist has been _______________ the research for nearly 30 years. ? 8. The workers are on strike recently beg for because they ___________ the increase of the salary. ? 9. Apparently, he has an intention to try out ___________ if the machine works. ? 10.He put two favorite toys, Snoopy and side by side Kitty, on the bookshelf ,_______________

Good bye


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