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语法专项复习


1.代词 2.名词所有格 3.Be 动词
4.do动词 (实义动词.行为动词)

代词专项复习

? 代词是用来代替普通名词或专有名 词的单词。
? 一.指示代词:用来表示指示的词。 this ,that ,these ,those 是指示代词。当所指 物品在附近时,用this,these ,当所指物品较远 时,用t

hat或those. ? 二.疑问代词:用来提出问题的词。 who ,what ,where ,how, when, what time/color, how old/ many/much等是疑 问词。

? 三.人称代词:

?主格充当主语;宾格放在动词或介词后
人称 第一人 称 第二人 称 第三人 称 单 数 主格 宾格 复 数 主格 宾格

I you he she it

me you him her it

we you

us you

they

them

? 四.物主代词: ?形容词性物主代词后必须加名词. 形容 词性 my your his her its our your their 意思 我 你 他 她 它 我们 你们 他们 的 的 的 的 的 的 的 的

记住这个小口诀就很容易了: 我的my,你的your,他的his, 她的her, 它的its; 我们的our,你们的your,他们(它们,她们)的是their.

? 物主代词不可与 a, an, this, that, these, those, some, any, every, which等词 一起前置 。

? 一、按要求写出下列代词的形式 me 1、I(宾格)_______ his 2、he(物主代词)______ we them 3、 us(主格)_____ 4、they(宾格)_______ her them 5、she(宾格)_____ 6、 him(复数)______ our 7、it(宾格)______ 8、 my(复数)_______ it 二、用括号里的词的适当形式填空 our 1,Mr Yang is _______(we) teacher. He ________(him) is from Beijing. _______(his) He us teaches ______(our) English.

2.Please bring ____(she) homework to school. her His 3.______ (he) baseball is on the dresser. 4.He only watches _____(they) on TV. them My 5._____(I) favorite color is blue. Their 6. ____________ (they) answers are good. 7. This is __________(he) pictures. his 8. We love __________(we) class very much. our 9. __________(she) name is Lucy, we all like her. Her 10. I don't know her name. Let __________(we) ask her! us 11. When is your ____________(brother) birthday?

brother’s

名词所有格专项复习

名词的所有格 :表示所属关系,即表示 某物是“谁的”。名词所有格常见的结 构有两种: 一、’ s 所有格 表示有生命的人或动物的名词所有格, 单数名词和不以 s 结尾的复数名词一般 在词尾加“ ’ s”,如:Kate’s cat 凯特 的猫 Children’s Day 儿童节 以 s 结尾的复数名词在词尾只加 “ ’ ”,

1. 如果一样东西为几个人所共有,则 只在最后一个名词上加“ ’ s ”。如: Lucy and Lily’s father is a teacher. 露茜和莉莉的爸爸是名教师。 2. 如果所指事物不是两人共有,而是 各自所有,则应在每一个名词后加 “ ’ s ”。如: Lucy’s and Mary’s mothers are teachers. 露茜的妈妈和玛丽的妈妈都是医生。

二、of 所有格 ▲无生命事物名词的所属关系,一般常用 “ of + 名词”来表示,即 of 所有格。如: a map of China , a photo of my family ▲of 所有格与 ’ s 所有格有时可以互换, 不过要注意它们物主的位置不同。如: 猫 的名字是咪咪。 The name of the cat is Mimi.( of 结构, 物主 the cat 在后) The cat’s name is Mimi. (’s 结构,物 主 the cat 在前 )

1.This is________(吉娜的家庭). Gina’s family. a photo of Paul’s family? 2.Is that_______________________________( 保罗家的一幅照片)? 3.What’sthe name of Tom’s sister ________________(汤姆妹妹的名字)? Lily and Lucy’s 4.This is_______________________(莉莉和露茜的)room. Mrs. Green’s sons 5.They are_________(格林夫人的儿子). mother’s 6.It’s my________(mother) bag. 7.What’s the girl’s name﹖ (同义句) name What’s the __ __ofthe girl﹖

a map of China 8.一幅中国地图__________________ Sally’s baseball bat Sally的棒球拍___________________
Bill’s cousin Bill的堂兄_________________________

1. She is a student. _____ name is Julia. A. Its B. Her C. She’s D. His 2. Could you help _ with _English, please. A. I, my B. me, me C. me, my D. my, I 3. Most of __like Chinese food. A. they B. their C. them D. they’re

4.The woman over there is ______ mother. A. Julia and Shelley’s B. Julia’s and Shelley’s C. Julia and Shelley D. Julia’s and Shelley 5. ---Excuse me,where are _______ offices? ---Over there. A. teacher’s B. teachers’ C. the teacher’s D. the teachers’ 6. This is my dress. That one is ____. A. Mary B. Mary’s C. sister D. mother

Be 动词专项复习

I+ am We+ are You+ are He+is She+ is It+is They+are
第一人称单数用am, 第三人称单数用is, 第二人称单复数和第一第三人称复数用are

Be 动词的位置
1)在陈述句中,be动词一般在主语 之后,主语+be动词+… 1.她的姓是格林.(unit 1)

Her family name is Green.
2.他的电话号码是89467322(unit1). His telephone number is 89467322. 3. 这是我的橡皮。(unit2) This is my eraser.

4. 那是他的父母亲.(unit3) Those are his parents. 5. 他们的笔记本在梳妆台下.(unit4) Their notebooks are under the dresser. 6. 你的黑色裤子10美元.(unit7) Your black pants are 10 dollars. 7. 她的生日是8月7日.(unit8) Her birthday is on August seventh. 8.我们最喜欢的学科是科学和数学.(unit12)
Our favorite subjects are science and math.

Be 动词的位置
1)在否定句中,be动词后加not 之后,主语+be+not动词+…

? I am not=I’m not ? is not =isn’t ? are not= aren’t

I’m fine. I’m not fine. This is a red ruler. This is not a red ruler.
These are their cousins. These are not their cousins.

Be 动词的位置

2) 在一般疑问句中,把陈述句的be动词 提前到句首。句号改? This is her pen. Is this her pen?

I’m OK. Am I OK?
Are you OK?

在特殊疑问句中,be动词放在 疑问词后面。特殊疑问词+一般疑问句?
3)

Be 动词的位置

I’m fine. How am I ? How are you?
My telephone number is 88294086.
What’s your telephone number?

? 那是我的电脑.

That is my computer. _________________________ That is not my computer. Is that your computer?
What’s that?

这幅图画什么颜色?

This picture is red.
This picture isn’t red. Is this picture red?
What color is this picture?

那是他的父母亲.
Those are his parents.
Those are not his parents. Are those his parents? Who are those?

Their notebooks are under the dresser.

Where are their notebooks?
The white pants are 10 dollars.

How much are the white pants?
Her birthday is August seventh.

When is her birthday?
Our favorite subjects are science and math.

What are your favorite subjects?

do动词 (实义动词.行为动词)

肯定句
I like banans.

You like bananas.
He/She/It likes bananas. We like bananas. You like bananas. They like bananas.

否定句
I don’t like banans. You don’t like bananas. He/She/It doesn’t like bananas. We don’t like bananas. You don’t like bananas. They don’t like bananas.

一般疑问句及回答
Do I like banans? Yes, you do./No,you don’t Do you like bananas?Yes, I do./No,I don’t. Does he like bananas? Does she like bananas? Does it like bananas?

Do we like bananas? Do you like bananas? Do they like bananas.

I like salad.
I don’t like salad.

Do you like salad?
What do you like?

Tony has a computer.
Tony doesn’t have a computer. Does Tony have a computer?

What does Tony have?

Sally wants to buy a sweater.
Sally doesn’t want to buy a sweater. Does Sally want to buy a sweater?

What does Sally want to buy?

They usually do homework in the evening.
They usually don’t do homework in the evening. Do they usually do homework in the evening?

When do they usually do homework? They usually do homework in the evening.
What do they usually do in the evening?

动词的第三人称单数形式的规则 1.一般动词在词尾加s,

2.以s,x,ch,sh结尾加es,
以o结尾加es brush-brushes watch-watches

do-does go-goes
3.以辅音字母加结尾,去y,再加ies study-studies

用所给动词的适当形式填空 1. My father ________( watch ) TV every day. watches think 2.Many students _______( think ) English are boring.

have 2. Let him _____ (have) a look. playing/to play 3. Bill likes ___________(play) basketball. to join 4.We want ______(join) the music club.
5.Can you help me ______(learn) English? (to) learn

6. I lovelistening/to listen _____________(listen) to music.


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