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高三英语阅读与完形练习(6 ) 一 阅读理解 Passage 1 I really hadn‘t meant to yell at them. But that grey afternoon saw it just as my son and daughter were making a terrible mess on the floor in the kitchen. With a tiresome report to write, I felt bothered at my desk. Suddenly, it occurred to me that my kids were at fault. A voice inside me insisted that I do something quickly. ―Ok, you two here, but what an awful thing you are attempting!‖ I was shouting angrily. I made for them, while it became evident that the boy wanted no part of me. ―Get away from us!‖ he shouted back, there being an expression of support from his sister. All of a sudden, I found the fault in myself. Quickly I shaped my hands into pincers(钳子) and crawled towards them, ―Crabby(暴躁的) Daddy is here. Ha, Ha, Ha, he likes to yell at children, and then eat them!‖ My son continued to keep me away, but now he was laughing and crying at the same time. My mission to repair the damage caused by my yelling seemed to work well. Still, I regretted not having controlled myself first in a right way. Need I let them know how badly they were acting by blaming? This is a lesson that serves myself. It only shows just how to get rid of something (ill-feelings, responsibility…) by blaming others. It‘s not my ―best self‖. We have to search for our ―best self‖ when with our children. They don‘t need perfect parents, but they do need parents who are always trying to get better. Here, I am reminded of the words of a great thinker. ―When a man lives with God, his voice shall be as sweet as the murmur of the book…‖ Then, in our lifetime, couldn‘t we always speak to our kids in such a sweet voice since most of us consider them as the most precious in the world? And before we reach this level, what should we do when we come across various difficult cases with our children? 1. The author couldn‘t help yelling at his kids this time probably because________. A. the weather was so unpleasant B. he was tired of his boring work C. the kids didn‘t ask him to join them D. a Daddy has his right to do so 2. Which of the following made the author aware of his fault? A. No obvious reason. B. The boy‘s yelling back. C. His self-awareness. D. The girl‘s shouting back 3. According to the passage, the author will _____ in another similar situation. A. play a crab again like this time B. apologize to kids in a sincere way C. avoid blaming kids in a hurry D. beat them up about such things 4. What will the writer go on to write about in the next paragraph(s)? A. How to behave ourselves properly when kids are at fault. B. How to play with our children in a more interesting way. C. How to deal with the housework with children around us. D. How to persuade children to do what they are told to. 5. What does ―the boy wanted no part of me‖ in the third paragraph mean? A. The boy was happy because I loved them. B. The boy was curious because I wanted to help them. C. The boy was very happy for I was angry. D. The boy didn‘t want me to join them. Passage 2 Most young people enjoy some forms of physical activity. It may be walking, cycling, or swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be a game of some forms—football, basketball, hockey, golf or tennis. It may be mountaineering. Those who have a passion of climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon with astonishment. Why are men and women willing to suffer cold and hardship, and to take risks in high mountains? This astonishment is caused, probably, by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to which

men give their leisure. Mountaineering is a sport and not a game. There are no man-made rules, as others, as there are for such games as golf and football. There are, of course, rules of different kinds which would be dangerous to ignore, but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineering attractive to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods. If we compare mountaineering with other more familiar sports we might think that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a ―team game‖. We should be mistaken in this. There are, it is true, no ― matches‖ between ―teams‖ of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may depend, there is obviously teamwork. The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of nature. His sport requires high mental and physical qualities. A mountain climber continues to improve in skill year by year. A skier is probably past his best by the age of thirty. But it is not unusual for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps. They may take more time than younger men, but they perhaps climb with more skills and less waste of effort, and they certainly experience equal enjoyment. 1. What sports are popular among people in winter in the passage? A. Soccer and golf. B. Skiing and skating. C. Cycling and hockey. D. Mountaineering. 2. The underlined word ―passion‖ in Paragraph 2 could best be replaced by ______. A. strong emotion B. good way C. better feeling D. enough affection 3. Mountaineering is a sport, not a game because_______. A. it has man-made rules B. it is too dangerous for climbers C. it can‘t bring people joy or leisure D. it is free for climbers to use their own methods 4. We know from the passage that _______. A. mountaineering has no appeal for people B. physical quality is more important than mental one for climbers C. a mountain climber passes his best by the age of thirty D. it is possible for an old man of fifty or sixty to climb the Alps 5. What is the best title for the passage? A. Sports in winter B. Team work in climbing C. Mountaineering D. The quality for mountaineering Passage 3 When times get tough, we all look for ways to cut back. When we‘re hungry, we eat at home instead of going out. We take buses instead of taxis. And we wear our old designer jeans just a few months longer. With college expenses at all-time highs, high school students are eager to do anything to cut the cost of a university education. One cost-cutting proposal is to allow college students to get a bachelor ‘s degree in three years instead of four. Educational institutions have been actively exploring ways to make the learning process more efficient. But there‘s a question: Would the quality of undergraduate education suffer? Few US universities have formally approved a ―three-year degree‖ model. I doubt that mainstream North American colleges will carry out a three-year curriculum (课程) any time soon. For one thing, most universities already allow highly qualified students to graduate early by testing out of certain classes and obtaining a number of college credits. In addition, at famous universities, the committee who determine which courses are required and which courses are electives are unlikely to suddenly ―throw out‖ one quarter of the required credits. Professors will resist ―diluting (稀释)‖ the quality of the education they offer. In my opinion, a quality four-year education is always superior to a quality three-year education. A college education requires sufficient time for a student to become skilled in their major and do coursework in fields outside

their major. It is not a good idea to water down education, any more than it‘s not a good idea to water down medicine. If we want to help students find their way through university, we should help them understand early on what knowledge and skills they need to have upon graduation. We should allow students to test out of as many courses as possible. We should give them a chance to earn money as interns (实习生) in meaningful part-time jobs that relate to their university studies, such as the five-year co-op program at Northeastern University. 1. Which of the following can be the best title? A. It‘s time to shorten the learning process B. Best learning takes place over time C. University education should be watered down D. College education calls for reform 2. We can learn from the passage that ________. A. most American universities are against the ―three-year degree‖ model B. many famous US universities are considering adopting the ―three-year degree‖ model C. professors are willing to accept the ―three-year degree‖ model D. The ―three-year degree‖ model can make college learning more efficient 3. In most US universities,________. A. college students are offered the co-op program B. electives‘ credits make up one quarter of the required credits C. all students are required to finish four-year education before graduation D. some excellent students can graduate ahead of time 4. We can infer that________. A. the author is a college professor B. the author thinks the cost of a university education is too high for people to afford C. the author considers the university education quality very important D. the author pays special attention to the all-round development of college students 5. The first paragraph serves as a(n)________. A. explanation B. definition C. introduction D. comment Passage 4 Fifty has never looked better. It‘s been 50 years since the first James Bond film, Dr. No, premiered (首映) in cinemas. As first embodied by Scottish actor Sean Connery, Agent 007 was a fearless, cool-as-ice spy who excelled at sleuthing (侦查), fighting and saving the world. Since then, more than 20 films featuring the iconic spy have been released–making it one of the longest-running franchises (授权) in the history of cinema. On Nov 9, the 23rd Bond movie, Skyfall, celebrated the legend‘s 50th birthday. Over the years, audiences have changed. It doesn't matter. Six different actors have acted 007 and it doesn't matter. Even shocking technological and cultural changes can‘t bend Bond. Why? Is it the action, the sexy women, the cars, the gadgets and the exotic locations? Yes, but the most important reason is still the man himself. Bond can challenge his boss and shoot a bad guy in mere minutes. He is an expert in literature, languages, art and fine wines. He has a sharp tongue besides his wits. In the first film Dr. No, as Connery lit a cigarette, we heard James Bond‘s voice and saw his café for the first time. The simple scene and short phrase have defined the character for half a century. ―Next to the Beatles and Stones, James Bond was the greatest British import of the 1960s,‖ David Kamp, a US contributing editor for Vanity Fair, wrote in a recent article about the birth of Bond and its influence on the US. The Bond phenomenon has clearly affected movie culture, pop culture and spy culture. But perhaps the most amazing thing is that 007 has survived in the age of feminism(女权主义). ―Talking of objectifying women, Bond

is essential Huge Henfner (founder of Playboy magazine) with a gun,‖ movie critic Xan Brooks told The Guardian. ―But women liked Bond, too. He couldn‘t have run for 50 years with male fans alone.‖ We love Bond for many reasons—after all 50 years, Bond is still breathtaking. thrilling ride into the very heart of an icon like no other. But most of all, we may love him for one reason: ―he always gets away with it.‖ one said. 1. What attracts the audience most in James Bond films? A. The violent fighting scenes. B. The sexy women. C. Everything about Bond himself. D. The car racing. 2 What does the underlined sentence mean in Paragraph 4? A. He can read people‘s thoughts. B. He can easily beat any man who wants to murder him. C. He can predict what people are going to do by observing them. D. He has an unkind way of speaking and always thinks quickly and clearly. 3 According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A. The first James Bond film was produced in 1963. B. Skyfall is the last James Bond film. C. David Kamp is a UK editor for the Guardian. D. The James Bond film was popular in the age of feminism. 4 What does the movie critic Xan Brooks agree with? A. James Bond films are not accepted by young girls. B. Men are especially interested in James Bond films. C. Bond is actually a man against feminism. D. Women are fond of James Bond films too. 5 What is the best title of the passage? A. Still Going Strong Fifty Years on. B. Introduction about James Bond films. C. Secrets of 007. D. The Last James Bond films. Passage 5 While Andrew was getting ready for work one Friday morning, he announced to his wife that he had finally decided to ask his boss for a salary raise. All day Andrew felt nervous and anxious as he thought about the upcoming showdown. What if Mr. Larchmont refused to grant his request? Andrew had worked so hard in the last 18 months and landed some great accounts for Braer and Hopkins Advertising Agency. Of course, he deserved a wage increase. The thought of walking into Larchmont‘s office left Andrew weak in the knees. Late in the afternoon he was finally courageous enough to approach his superior. To his delight and surprise, the ever-frugal(一向节俭的) Harvey Larchmont agreed to give Andrew a raise! Andrew arrived home that evening—despite breaking all city and state speed limits—to a beautiful table set with their best china, and candles lit. His wife, Tina, had prepared a delicate meal including his favorite dishes. Immediately he figured someone from the office had tipped her off! Next to his plate Andrew found a beautiful lettered note. It was from his wife. It read: ―Congratulations, my love! I knew you‘d get the raise! I prepared this dinner to show just how much I love you. I am so proud of your accomplishments!‖ He read it and stopped to reflect on how sensitive and caring Tina was. After dinner, Andrew was on his way to the kitchen to get dessert when he observed that a second card had slipped out of Tina‘s pocket onto the floor. He bent forward to pick it up. It read: ―Don‘t worry about not getting the raise! You do deserve one! You are a wonderful provider and I prepared this dinner to show you just how much I love you even though you did not get the increase.‖ Suddenly tears swelled in Andrew‘s eyes. Total acceptance! Tina‘s support for him was not conditional upon his success at work. The fear of rejection is often softened and we can undergo almost any setback or rejection when we know someone loves us regardless of our success or failure. 1. What was Andrew‘s plan that Friday?

A. To request a wage increase from his boss. B. To get a job with the Braer and Hopkins Advertising Agency. C. To celebrate his success with his wife at home. D. To ask his boss to come for dinner. 2. On his way back home, Andrew _________. A. felt weak in the knees B. was punished by the traffic policeman C. was too eager to share the news D. couldn‘t wait to enjoy a meal 3. Which of the following statements about the story is FALSE? A. Andrew was afraid that his request would lead to disaster. B. Andrew had worked very hard and done his part for the company. C. Andrew‘s boss agreed to his request. D. One of Andrew‘s colleagues had told his wife the good news. 4. Why did Tina prepare a grand dinner for Andrew that day? A. She was confident of his getting a pay raise. B. She meant to show her support whatever the result would be. C. She believed that her husband was the best in his company. D. She wanted to express her gratitude for his devotion to the family. 5. We can conclude from the text that ______. A. we should never be afraid to ask for what is due to us B. work hard and you will be rewarded C. many fears turn out to be unfounded D. unconditional love brings courage and strength Passage 6 If you don‘t want people to know too much about you, then you had better keep your fridge contents secret, according to a British market research document released last week. Researchers peered (凝视) into the fridges of 400 people in Britain and compared the contents with the owners‘ lifestyles. They claim to be able to classify the nation‘s people by fridge contents. They say those people can be separated into five categories:nutrition nerds (no social sense), food faddiest (whatever‘s in style), martyr mums, fast food fanatics and restaurant regulars. Nutrition nerds care much about what they put into their bodies. Their fridges are stocked with fruit, vegetables and healthy meat. People in this category tend to be highly organized and usually work in law or accountancy. The vast majority is single, but if they have a partner, that person will be similar. A fridge full of vitamins — enriched juices implies its owner works in media or fashion. They tend not to eat the foods they buy. Known as the food faddiest, they just want to be seen as purchasing the latest important things. A fridge filled with everything from steak to frozen fish suggests the martyr mum. Her fridge tends to be stocked with every kind of product, except what she herself would want. This fridge hints at difficulty balancing family and work life. Fast food fanatics always buy mineral water or soda pop. The nearest they will get to fresh fruit is tomato sauce. Their fridges hint at someone who works hard and plays hard, also, someone who is not into long term planning. Finally, a fridge filled with nothing more than a bottle of white wine and some sparkling mineral water implies an owner who is single, lives in a big city and enjoys the finer things in life. The fridge is empty because this person regularly eats in restaurants. 1. What can we know from the first two paragraphs? A. Some researchers are fond of staring at other people‘s fridges. B. People don‘t want others to know about their secrets. C. The food you put in the fridge has something to do with your personality.

D. There are mainly five kinds of lifestyles among British people. 2. According to the passage, people who belong to food faddiest_________. A. don‘t care much about money when buying things B. will try their best to stay healthy C. often stay up late to finish their job D. prefer to ask others about what to do next 3. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. ―Nutrition nerds‖ are always organized and successful in their jobs. B. ―Food faddists‖ like to stock their fridges with all kinds of vitamins. C. ―Martyr mums‖ care themselves more than others. D. ―Fast food fanatics‖ usually do not stock their fridges with fresh fruit. 4. What will those who often dine out put in the fridge? A. All kinds of food they like. B. Only something to drink. C. Fruit, vegetables and meat. D. Food rich in vitamins. 5. What is this passage mainly about? A. What people store in their fridges. B. Fridge contents and its owner‘s secret. C. What we should store in our fridges. D. How to keep our fridge contents secret. Passage 7 Robots have proved to be valuable tools for soldiers, surgeons and homeowners hoping to keep the carpet clean. But in each case, they are designed and built specifically for the job. Now there is a movement under way to build multipurpose machines-robots that can move about in changing environments such as offices or living rooms and work with their hands. All-purpose robots are not, of course, a new idea. ―It‘s been five or 10 years from happening for about 50 years,‖ says Eric Berger, co–director of the Personal Robotics Program at Willow Garage, a Silicon Valley organization. The delay is in part because even simple tasks require a huge set of capabilities. For a robot to fetch a mug, for example, it needs to make sense of data gathered by a variety of sensors–laser scanners identifying potential blocking objects, cameras searching for the target, force feedback in the fingers that grasp the mug, and more. Yet Berger and other experts are confident that real progress could be made in the next decade. The problem, according to Willow Garage, is the lack of a common platform for all that computational effort. Instead of enlarging the capabilities of a single machine, everyone is designing robots and the software to control them, from the ground up. To help change this, Willow Garage is currently producing 25 copies of its model PR2 (for ―Personal Robot 2‖), a two–armed, wheeled machine that can switch off the electricity, open doors and move through a room. Ten of the robots will stay in–house, but 10 more will go to outside research groups, and everyone will share their advances. This way, Berger says, if you want to build the robotic equivalent (等同物) of a Twitter (推特网站), you won‘t start by constructing a computer. ―you build the thing that‘s new.‖ 1.The robots are mentioned to do some specific jobs EXCEPT in . A.battle fields B.operation room C.people‘s housesD.wild fields 2.The multipurpose robot may be identified as a machine that . A.can move about in changing environments and work with their hands B.can make sense of data gathered by a variety of sensors C.has a huge set of abilities to finish all the simple tasks D.has identifying laser scanners, searching cameras and force feedback 3.According to Willow Garage, we will make real progress in building all-purpose robots if ___________ . A.everyone is designing robots and the software to control them B.they can produce 25 copies of its model PR2 C.people can enlarge the capabilities of a single machine

D.people can start by constructing a computer 4.Willow Garage is currently producing 25 copies of its model PR2 so as to _________ . A.design robots and the software to control them B.change the way of new robot construction research C.open doors and go to outside research groups D.go through the room and stay in-house 5.Which of the following is true according to the passage? A.To build all-purpose robots is an absolutely new movement under way. B.Building all-purpose robots was delayed because of its complexity. C.The idea to build all-purpose robots appeared about 50 years ago. D.Everyone will share their advances for they are all-purpose robots. Passage 8 When the SS Gairsoppa was sunk by a German war boat 70 years ago, it took its huge silver cargo to a watery grave. Today, US divers are working to recover what may be the biggest shipwreck treasure ever. The Florida-based company Odyssey Marine Exploration announced that it had found the Gairsoppa, and cited official documents indicating the British ship was carrying some 219 tons of silver when it sank in 1941 in the North Atlantic f some 300 miles off the Irish coast. Valued then at? 600,000, the silver today is worth about $ 210 million, which would make it history's largest recovery of precious metals lost at sea. ―We've accomplished the first stage of this project — the location and identification of the target shipwreck — and now we're hard at work planning for the recovery stage,‖ Odyssey project manager Andrew Craig said. Under the terms of an agreement reached between Odyssey and the British government,the company will retain 80 percent of the silver it can recover from the wreck. The 412-foot Gairsoppa had been sailing from India back to Britain in February 1941 carrying a cargo of silver, iron and tea, when a storm hit. Running low on fuel, the ship was forced to change direction and headed for Galway,Ireland,the nearest port of safety. It never made it,sunk by a German torpedo in the contested waters of the North Atlantic. Of the 85 people on board,only one survived. The Gairsoppa came to rest nearly 15 ,400 feet below the surface, where for decades it was lost to the world. All previous efforts to locate the shipwreck failed. New photographs released by the Oddesy show clear details of the ship,including the hole blown open by the torpedo. The find highlights the influential role that modern technologies,such as global positioning systems and deepwater robots,have come to play in the business of finding shipwrecks. Odyssey president Mark Gordon said, "The majority of the world's ocean floor has not yet been explored. We know more about the surface of the moon than we know about the deepest parts of the oceans. It's exciting to be working at depths like these and to be among the pioneers of this unexplored frontier. ‖ 1. What caused the ship to sink? A. A dangerous storm. B. A German attack. C. A loss of direction. D. An accidental explosion. 2. Where was the ship headed when it sank? A. India. B. Ireland. C. The United States. D. Britain. 3. Which of the following about the Gairsoppa is true? A. All the passengers aboard were killed. B. Some of its treasures have already been recovered. C. It is under more than 15,000 meters of water. D. It is officially owned by the British government. 4. Why has it taken so many years to find the location of the ship? A. The required technology was not available before, B. People had completely forgotten the ship had been sunk.

C. Search permission had previously been refused. D. Official ship records have only recently been discovered. 5. What does Mark Gordon think of deep-sea exploration? A. It is more difficult than space exploration. B. It is a very expensive activity. C. It is still in its early stage. D. It can make explorers very rich, Passage 9 I live in Mumbai, India, a big city, but I came from a remote Kerala village. When I was a- boy, hardly anyone spoke English around me. So, at age nine, Dad sent me to Montfort, an exclusive boarding school. There, I had to speak English or be punished. My uniform was typical English public school:grey jacket,tie,and black leather shoes 一 so different from the clothes most people in my village wore. And our official school sport was cricket, something I'd never heard of, let alone played, before arriving. Montfort had been built for the children of the British officials who once ruled India ‘ but by the time I arrived in 1961, nearly all the students were from powerful Indian families. Its English traditions, however, continued. When I returned home for the holidays still wearing my uniform, people stared at me like I was an alien. “Speak some English,”they teased. Looking back, I unwittingly brought a bit of English culture to my village. But English and too much Western influence are precisely what many traditionalists and politicians fear. They ask: Will such influences finish off our own culture? Various leaders have tried to erase the British traditions, pulling down old British statues and replacing many British-rule city names with older native names. Some even advocate changing our weekly day of rest from the "Western" Sunday to the ―Hindu" Tuesday. Extreme responses I say. You can't change history, and it's only natural for foreign influences to affect a nation's culture. So Indian culture, as it is today, is really a mixture derived from centuries of foreign invasions. Add to that the massive changes of the 20th century resulting from the television, jet-age travel, the Internet, etc. Everything from clothes and language to food keeps changing, yet we remain Indian. I believe that Asian cultures are too ancient and deep-rooted to be weakened by foreign influences. Allow me to illustrate ray point. Some time ago, I took my visiting Singapore-born-and- raised cousin to a Chinese restaurant for dinner. Later, while driving home,I talked about the fine Chinese food we'd just had. “Was that Chinese food?” my cousin exclaimed. ―Oh, I didn't know. ” It must have tasted too Indian for him to realise it. Meanwhile, like countless others, my village has transformed over the past decades. Many people wear modern clothes and TV brings cricket into local homes. There's even an English- language school,where you can hear kids giggling,yelling,flirting — all in English,but with an Indian accent. Just like the Chinese food you get in India. Are these foreign influences something to worry about? I don't think so. India's Chinese food tastes pretty good to me! 1. What can we infer about the author? A. He was a supporter of British rule in India. B. He came from a wealthy family. C. His family was unpopular in the village. D. He was partly educated in Britain. 2. Which of the following are mentioned by the author as British influences on Indian society? a. Place names b. Language c. Food d. Architecture e. Sport f. Education A. a, b, d, e B. b, d, e, f C. a, b, e, f D. b, c, e, f 3. Why does the author use the example of Chinese food in India? A. To show how foreign customs are adapted to suit local conditions.

B. To argue that overseas influences have enriched the lives of local people. C. To explain why foreign influences on local culture should be limited. D. To indicate the loss of local cultural traditions resulting from foreign influences. 4. In the last part of the passage, the author again refers to his village to show . A. life there has improved a lot B. its culture has become less Indian C. culture continues to change over time D. his disapproval of modern youth 5. The main purpose of the passage is to . A. inform B. persuade C. describe D. criticise Passage 10 Are you an optimist? Do you look at your glass and see it as half full? Do you believe that every cloud has a silver lining and that generally things turn out for the best? Do you believe that if something is meant to be, it will be? If you reply "yes" to all of these questions, then you are an optimist. You probably are enthusiastic,cheerful and outgoing. You may well be successful at work and in love. But you may be misguided because things don't turn out for the best. You may believe that when one door closes another one opens (for example,you may fail to land a new job,another chance will come around soon), Wrong. When one door closes, another door slams in your face. That's bitter reality. Now a book has been published which confirms what we pessimists (悲观者)have suspected all along. It's called The Positive Power of Defensive Pessimism. Its author argues that defensive pessimism can lead to positive results. Defensive pessimism is a strategy used to manage fear, anxiety and worry. Defensive pessimists prepare for things by setting low outcomes for themselves. They carefully consider everything that may go wrong and plan for ways to handle these problems. And this gives them a sense of control. Lawrence Sanno, a psychology professor, says, "What's interesting about defensive pessimists is that they tend to be very successful people, so their low opinion of the situation's outcomes is not realistic. They use it to motivate themselves to perform better. ‖ So far, so good. This is not rocket science. Defensive pessimists prepare carefully and consider what might go wrong, whether at work, on a date or even in a sports game. It makes sense to have a back-up plan. There are many sayings in English urging caution. For example, ―Don't put all your eggs in one basket," and ― Don't count your chickens until they hatch. ― To have a confident and optimistic approach to life's problems is good. But listen to what Woody Alien ,the American comedian says, ‖Confidence is what you have before you understand the problem.― There are pros and cons to being an optimist and a pessimist. Don't feel bad if you see the glass half empty. You are a realist. But lighten up and hook up with someone who sees the same glass half full. 1. What is the passage mainly about? A. A book that has recently been published. B. The dangers of being too optimistic. C. The benefits of defensive pessimism. D. How to become successful in life. 2. The underlined word ― it" in paragraph 3 refers to_____. A. the final outcome B. their low opinion C. people's motivation D. their performance 3. The underlined sentence ―This is not rocket science" in paragraph 4 means_____. A. the cost is not so high B. there is no real proof C. it's not a dangerous thing to do D. it is quite simple to understand 4. The writer would probably describe himself as_____. A. an optimist B. a realist C. a defeatist D. a scientist 5. Which of the following English expressions would a defensive pessimist believe? A. ―Every cloud has a silver lining.” B.“The glass is half full not half empty.” C.“Whatever will be, will be.” D. ―Don't put all your eggs in one basket.”

Passsage 11 During lectures, my students often ask which is the most difficult language to learn. It's not easy to answer because there are many factors to take into consideration. For a person's first language these factors are unimportant because people learn their mother tongue naturally. So the question of how hard a language is to learn is only relevant when learning a second language. Studies have shown that native speakers of Spanish find Portuguese much easier to learn than, say, native speakers of Chinese, because Portuguese is very similar to Spanish, while Chinese is very different. So a person's first language affects their learning of a second language. The greater the differences between a second language and the first, the harder it will be for most people to learn. Many Westerners think that Chinese is the hardest language to learn because of its writing system and pronunciation. But for Japanese speakers, who already use Chinese characters in their own language, learning writing is less difficult than for speakers of languages using the Roman alphabet. A recent study reported that British embassy staff found that the second hardest language to learn was Japanese. More surprising was the language that they found most problematic — Hungarian. In this case the issue was not the writing system (as both English and Hungarian use a similar alphabet) but grammatical complexity. Hungarian has 35 cases (forms of a noun according to whether it is subject, object, genitive, etc. ) and it was this that caused the British diplomatic personnel most difficulty. One suspects they would have even more problems with Tabassaran, a Caucasian language with 48 cases, if they ever had to learn it. Teachers and the circumstances in which a language is learned also play important roles, as does each learner's motivation for learning. If people learn a language because they need to use it professionally, they often learn it faster than people studying a language that has no direct use in their day-to-day life. Put simply,no language is easy Io learn well,though languages which are related to our first language are easier. Learning a completely different writing system is a huge challenge, but that does not necessarily make a language more difficult than another. In the end, it is impossible to say that there is one language that is the most difficult language in the world. 1. According to the passage, who is likely to have the most difficulty learning a new language? A. A Korean person learning French. B. A Spanish person learning Portuguese. C. A German person learning English. D. A Chinese person learning Japanese. 2. Which language do British embassy staff find most difficult to learn? . A. Japanese. B. Caucasian. C. Hungarian. D. Tabassaran. 3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor affecting language learning? A. The amount of time spent studying the new language. B. The environment in which language learning takes place. C. The reasons a person has for learning the new language. D. The similarity between a person's first language and the new language. 4. Why does the author believe there's no single hardest language? A. All languages are equally difficult to learn well. B. With enough effort, any language can be learned well. C. There is not enough evidence to make any final conclusion. D. People's background and learning situations determine which language is hardest. 5. The writer is probably_____. A. a language learner B. a language teacher C. a newspaper journalist D. an embassy official Passage 12

Beatrix Potter was a great English writer and artist, best known for her children's books featuring animal characters such as in the children's classic — The Tale of Peter Rabbit. Beatrix was born into a rich London-based family where she was tutored by very strict private teachers and so spent her youth isolated from other youngsters. During her youth she had a lot of pets and spent vacations in Scotland and also the Lake District. It was at the Lake District that she developed a love of wildlife. She studied the area's natural wonders carefully and painted them continuously. But her old-fashioned, Manchester-born parents discouraged her intellectual improvement, thinking it inappropriate for a young lady. However, her study and watercolour paintings of wild mushrooms made her widely respected within the field of biology. In her 30's, Beatrix Potter wrote the remarkably successful kid's book, The Tale of Peter Rabbit. Close to that time she became secretly engaged to her publisher Norman Warne. This caused a great disagreement with her parents, who did not approve of Beatrix getting married to somebody of lower social status. Sadly, Warne died before the marriage ceremony. Ultimately Beatrix Potter began writing and also illustrating (绘图) kid's books full-time. Using profits from her books, Beatrix grew to become economically independent of her parents and was eventually in a position to buy Hill Top Farm in the Lake District. She extended the property with additional purchases of neighbouring land over time. In her 40's, Bestrix married William Heelis, a local lawyer. She ended up becoming a sheep breeder and farmer while continuing to publish as well as illustrate books for children. In all she authored 23 publications. Beatrix died on December 22, 1943, and left the majority of her property to the National Trust. Her books carry on selling well globally, in many different languages. Her stories have been retold in numerous formats including a ballet, movies, and cartoons. Such is her reputation, and that of the characters from her publications, that many Beatrix Potter statues have been created. These tiny Beatrix Potter statues which include pretty much all the actual characters in her publications have become highly valued by art collects and fans of her literature throughout the world. 1. What can we learn about Beatrix Potter's early life? She ___________________. A. learned drawing skills from her tutors. B. was very sociable and outgoing. C. was greatly inspired by the beauty of nature. D. was encouraged to think creatively and independently. 2. Why did Beatrix Potter's parents oppose the idea of her marriage to Norman Warne? A. They did not believe she was mature enough to get married. B. They thought Warne was only interested in Beatrix Potter's wealth. C. They believed that the couple's characters were mismatched. D. They considered Warne to be too common for their daughter. 3. According to the passage, which part of the UK did Beatrix Potter love most? A. Manchester. B. Scotland. C. The Lake District. D. London. 4. In which of the following areas did Beatrix Potter show an interest during her life? A. Writing, biology, farming. B. Drawing, nature, ballet. C. Movies, farming, drawing. D. Writing, mushrooms, travel. 5. What is the function of the last two paragraphs of the passage? A. To describe the consequences of Beatrix Potter's death. B. To present the lasting cultural influence of Beatrix Potter and her works. C. To show the changes in attitude towards Beatrix Potter's works over the past years. D. To criticize the commercialization of Beatrix Potter's characters since her death. Passage 13 When movie star Scarlett Johansson was photographed running in Los Angeles recently, she attracted a lot of

attention; for the 27-year-old actress was wearing Vibram FiveFingers, so called because they look more like gloves than shoes, with a space for each toe. Strange though they may look, these so-called barefoot shoes, which reproduce the effect of barefoot running but with less pain, are just one brand in a range of minimalist footwear. These super-thin sports shoes are causing a stir in the world of running and fitness. Why? Because some experts believe they could make you a better, more efficient runner and that traditional trainers could be doing you more harm than good. “Wearing a shoe that has lots of cushioning and support affects the way your body naturally moves and studies suggest that this carries a higher risk of injury,” explains Matt Wallden, an athlete performance expert. “But with barefoot shoes, the foot can actually feel the firmness and shape of the ground, which allows your body to respond effectively.” But before you rush out to invest in minimalist footwear, be careful. These kinds of shoes are not meant for everyone, or at least not straight away. “Ordinary sports shoes with support are good for beginners whose bodies are not used to the impact of running,” explains Patrick Davoren, former Olympic athlete. "If you are not in great condition, then running in minimalist footwear may cause injuries and will turn a lot of people off exercise and running.‖ If you are currently injured, and figures show that in any given year 65% of all runners are, it can be tempting to try anything that promises to get you back on the road, trail, or beach. But barefoot running is not a method of treating injury nor is it a magical way of suddenly turning you into a great athlete. Even if you're used to running, when you start using minimalist shoes you should build up your distance gradually. Start off' by doing just 10% of what you'd normally run and increase the distance by no more than 10% every week. And a word of warning — you may never have soft feet again ! 1. The Vibram FiveFingers are shoes ______. A. specifically designed for women B. that have lots of cushion inside C. safest for people who enjoy sports D. that are much thinner than normal sports shoes 2. The underlined word ―they‖ in paragraph 2 refers to ________. A. experts B. feet C. shoes D. runners 3. According to Matt Wallden, the new shoes ________. A. make feet more sensitive to the running surface B. will produce immediate improvements C. force your body to move less naturally D. increase the chances of getting hurt 4. The author suggests that new users of Vibram FiveFingers should ________. A. run in the shoes every day at top speed B. begin with a shorter running distance than normal C. occasionally run barefooted to harden their feet D. make sure they are already very fit before using them 5. Where would you probably read this article? A. A travel book. B. A movie website. C. A sports magazine. D. A science journal. Passage 14 The dirty, homeless man sat on the pavement, staring at the atones. He thought back more than twenty years to when he was a boy living in a small red brick house on this very street. He recalled the flower garden, the swing his dad made, and the bike he had saved up for months to buy. The man shrugged impatiently, for the brightness of those pictures hurt him, and his memory travelled on another ten years. He had a job by then, plenty of friends and started to come home less. He did not really want to remember those years, nor the day when, because of debts, he had gone home planning to ask for money. He felt embarrassed, but he knew exactly where his dad kept the money. When his parents stepped out of the room, he took what he wanted and left. That was the last time he had seen them. Ashamed, he went abroad, and his parents knew nothing about the

years of wandering or time in prison. But locked in his cell he often thought of home. Once free, he would love to see his parents again, if they were still alive, and still wanted to see him. When his prison time was up, he found a job, but couldn't settle. Something was drawing him home. He did not want to arrive penniless, so he hitchhiked most of the long journey back. But less than a mile from his destination he started to feel sick with doubt. Could they ever accept this man who had so bitterly disappointed them? He spent most of that day sitting under a tree. That evening he posted a letter which, although short, had taken him hours to write. It ended with: I know it is unreasonable of me to suppose you want to see me? so it's up to you. I'll come early Thursday morning. If you want me home, hang a white handkerchief in the window of my old bedroom. If it's there, I'll come in; if not, I'll wave good-bye and go. And now it was Thursday morning and he was sitting on the pavement at the end of the street. Finally he got up and walked slowly toward the old house. He drew a long breath and looked. His parents were taking no risks. ________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ The man threw his head back, gave a cry of relief and ran straight through the open front door. 1. Why did the man shrug impatiently (paragraph 2) while he was thinking of his childhood? A. The thoughts made him angry. B. He felt he had wasted time. C. He was anxious to go home. D. The sweet memory caused him much pain. 2.Why did it take him hours to write the letter? A. He doubted if his parents srill lived in that house. B. He had much news to tell his parents. C. He felt ashamed to ask for forgiveness. D. He was longing to return home and felt excited. 3. In what order did the following events take place? a. He took the money from his parents. b. He bought a bicycle with his savings. c. He was sentenced to prison. d. He wrote the letter home. e. He sat on the pavement. f. He hitchhiked back home. A. b, a, c, d, e, f B. b, a, c, f, d, e C. a, c, b, d, f, e D. a, d, b, c, e, f 4. Which of the following best fits into paragraph 8 ? A. Every inch of the house was covered in white. Sheets, pillowcases and table clothes had been placed on every window and door, making it look like a snow house. B. The house before him was just as he remembered: the red bricks, the brown door and nothing else. C. A colourful blanket was over the front door. On it, in large letters, was written, ―Welcome home, son !‖ D. A police car was parked in the drive way, and two officers stood at the front door. 5. The best title of the passage is _______. A. Sweet Memory B. White Handkerchief C. Abandoned Son D. Leaving Home Passage 15 Many psychologists in the early twentieth century believed that humans use only 10 percent of their brains, and even the great Albert Einstein once wrote that most people use only a small portion of the grey matter between their ears. It's a theory that has often been put forward in television documentaries, magazines, advertisements and books over the past century. But nearly all scientists now agree the 10 percent theory is completely unfounded. In fact, they question how this figure was ever arrived at in the first place and what areas of the brain are supposed to be unneeded. The theory supposes that if 90 percent of the brain were removed, a person would Still be able to function normally, while in reality it is known that damage to even a small area of the brain can result in extremely serious physical injury.

In addition,most significant disorders of the brain involve very specific but varied areas of the brain. If the 10 percent argument were true, it's unlikely that so many problems would regularly occur in so many different areas. And if we use only 10 percent of the nerves in our brain, how would this be measured? Indeed, images of the brain in scans show that different parts of the brain are used fordifferent activities and that many areas of the brain are used at the same time for some complex activities or thought processes. Throughout the course of one day, most areas of the brain are active at some time, even during sleep. The 10 percent theory suggests that certain areas of the brain are not used, but scans slow activities throughout the entire brain and not in any separate part. The final argument against the 10 percent theory is the fact that doctors carefully map the brain before removing brain cancers so that they don't affect other essential areas. From an evolutionary point of view, it's highly unlikely that our comparatively larger brains would have evolved from our ancestors if the extra areas were not needed. In fact, there is absolutely no evidence support the 10 percent theory. 1. How did the 10 percent theory get such widespread popularity? A. It was promoted in various types of copular media. B. Albert Einstein argued strongly in support. C. It was proven in scientific research. D. Few people could prove it wrong. 2. The underlined word ―unfounded‖ is chest in meaning to _________. A. undiscovered B. unproven C. unknown D. unnecessary 3. Which of the following is true according to the writer? A. We use less than 10% of our brains. B. Most brain disorders affect the same part of the brain. C. The brain is less active during times of sleep. D. The 10 percent theory does not make evolutionary sense. 4. What can we infer from the passage? A. People today use more of their brain than in the past. B. Scientific opinion about the topic of brain use is equally divided. C. Our understanding of the brain has changed greatly in the past decades. D. Modern scientists have a complete picture of how the brain works. 5. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To present two sides of brain theory. B. To criticize the 10 percent theory. C. To explain how brain works. D. To describe the history of brain research. 二 完形填空 Passage 1

The secret of staying slim could be as simple as keeping your mind on your meals. Research suggests that 1 ourselves from distractions and concentrating completely on the food that is in front of us, helps us stay in 2 . Such ?mindful eating‘ ensures that the 3 is in tune with (协 调) the body, enabling it to ?hear‘ the chemical 4 that tell it that we are full。 Digestion 5 a complex series of signals between the gut (肠道)and the nervous system and it takes about 20 minutes for the brain to tell that the body has eaten enough. This means that if someone eats too 6 , the signals will come slowly, leading to 7 . Scientists say that distractions make it 8 for us to remember what we have eaten. This absent-mindedness stops us from feeling 9 – and sends us reaching for some snacks later on. It is thought that our memory of what we have eaten plays a key role in 10 appetite. This means that distractions stop us from remembering the detail of what we have eaten – leaving us feeling 11 . Advocates of mindful eating 12 chewing food slowly and taking note of its color, smell and flavor. Before 13 dieters should ask themselves if they are really hungry---and if not, distract themselves by going for a walk or reading. Done 14 , mindful eating may not only leave you

15 , but also make you enjoy mealtimes. 1. A. feeling B. protecting C. freeing 2. A. shape B. health C. touch 3. A. appetite B. speed C. emotion 4. A. orders B. sounds C. desires 5. A. discovers B. involves C. sends 6. A. quickly B. slowly C. gradually 7. A. imbalance B. damage C. overeating 8. A. clearer B. easier C. sharper 9. A. full B. great C. comfortable 10. A. building B. losing C. controlling 11. A. upset B. eager C. hungry 12. A. mind B. advise C. avoid 13. A. snacking B. running C. writing 14. A. quietly B. strongly C. properly A. slim B. fat C. strong Passage 2

D. saving D. business D. mind D. messages D. holds D. suddenly D. failure D. harder D. delicious D. improving D. desperate D. consider D. cooking D. poorly D. calm

In American culture, you may find some very sensitive topics that require you to think again before you put them forward. They are as follows: Age.It is a very sensitive 1 to many Americans.In this culture, the thought of growing older is a ___2____ one and most of us, if possible, would like to have nothing to do with it.So many Americans work hard to 3 a youthful appearance.The last thing they want to be asked is the unthinkable, "How old are you exactly"? This question may result in a(an) 4 like: "How old do you think I am?" Anyhow, if you are 5 to know someone's age, first you estimate (估计) their age by their appearance. Then you take ten years away from that estimation.With a big 6 , that person will probably say, 'Thanks, but I am a few years older than that". Weight.This is one of the most sensitive subjects.In America, it is desirable to be thin but it is a huge 7 to be overweight. In any American fashion magazines, you'll notice most 8 are nothing more than skin and bones. Income. You should never ever ask how much someone's salary is. However, it's perfectly 9 to ask about their job title and what they do for a living.This information should give you some idea. Matters of the Heart. This is a tricky (难处理的) one. Some people cannot wait to 10 their hearts out to you.Then there are those who make sure their 11 business stays behind closed doors.The general 12 is not to get too personal. You don't want others to think that you are looking into their lives. Besides, try not to ask too many questions until you have a(n) 13 with this person. Anyhow, it's difficult to always 14 an embarrassing conversation.So, be sensible, 15 your mouth and try not to open a can of worms. 1.A.solution B.subject C.access D.approach 2.A.painless B.painful C.enjoyable D.natural 3.A.make B.change C.decorate D.keep 4.A.reply B.consequence C.description D.explanation 5.A.likely B.eager C.afraid D.nervous 6.A.smile B.surprise C.prize D.gift 7.A.accident B.event C. excitement D.embarrassment

8.A.singers 9.A.awesome 10.A.pour 11.A.rich 12.A.aspect 13.A.appointment 14.A.avoid 15.A.ignore

C.writers D.models C.foolish D.typical C.mark D.test C.personal D.public C.idea D.concept C.discussion D.friendship C. produce D.stop C.watch D.notice Passage 3 I will be traveling to Australia as a Student Ambassador with People to People. People to People arranges for American students to travel all around the world to learn about other 1 , and to help others understand American culture. The program was founded by former President Dwight D. Eisenhower to _2_ peace through understanding. I had to 3 many hours of special work to get to this point. First, a teacher nominated me, and then I attended an informational meeting about the program. The application process included an interview, and 4 ,I was accepted. That‘s when the hard work really 5 . In addition to attending monthly meetings to prepare for the big 6 , my parents encouraged my twin sister Beth (also participating in the program) and me to 7 $2,000 each to help pay for the cost. And so the fund-raising began. We did everything from 8 candy bars to decorating people‘s mailboxes during the holiday season. We also baby-sat, washed cars, held a yard sale, and washed windows. After months of 9 work I had raised a total of $2,319! 10 , Beth and I raised over $4,500! Now I have a problem – packing. Yes, I know it sounds unimportant, but my suitcase seems to have shrunk as I placed my 11 inside. According to airline 12 , a suitcase can be no larger than 54 inches and weigh no more than 44 pounds. For a person who likes to wear a different outfit every day, packing all my clothes into such a small space seemed an 13 task. However, I have gradually 14 my load and my suitcase which started out weighing overweight now checks in at a mere 36 pounds. Apart from a slightly bloated carry-on bag, my luggage is definitely manageable. I 15 that I will get much sleep tonight because I am so excited! I know that what lies ahead is going to be the trip of a lifetime! 1. A. students B. countries C. cultures D. schools 2. A. promote B. find C. keep D. make 3. A. give away B. put in C. set aside D. take on 4. A. especially B. usually C. finally D. luckily 5. A. finished B. began C. continued D. went 6. A. ceremony B. party C. business D. trip 7. A. borrow B. raise C. spend D. save 8. A. making B. distributing C. collecting D. selling 9. A. challenging B. complicated C. hard D. interesting 10. A. Combined B. Expected C. Separated D. Completed 11. A. goods B. belongings C. treasures D. materials 12. A. experiences B. routines C. regulations D. services 13. A. easy B. exhausting C. important D. impossible 14. A. shared B. lessened C. filled D. carried 15. A. doubt B. hope C. believe D. admit

B.editors B.suitable B.cut B.foreign B.rule B.quarrel B.begin B.take



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