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unit 1现在完成时雨被动语态讲义


中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家

龙文教育 个性化辅导教案讲义
任教科目: 英语 授课题目: 现在完成时 被动语态 年 级:八年级

任课教师: 陈双莲 授课对象: 王梓恒

武汉龙文个性化教育
常青 校区 教研组组长签字: 教学主任签名: 日
龙文教育〃教育是一项良心工程

r />期:

中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家

武汉龙文教育学科辅导讲义
授课对象 授课时间 课 型 王梓恒 2月 日 授课教师 授课题目 使用教具 陈双莲 现在完成时,被动语态 笔、讲义、白纸

新授课

1 掌握常用动词的过去式与过去分词 教学目标 2 掌握现在完成时的结构与用法 3 掌握被动语态的结构与用法 1 不规则动词的过去式与过去分词 教学重点和难点 2 非持续性动词与持续性动词在完成时中的使用 3 不同时态中的被动语态 4 用主动表示被动的用法 参考教材 新目标八年级下 教学流程及授课详案 一 现在完成时
1. 概念:① 表示过去发生的或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果. eg: --- Have you had your lunch yet ? 你吃过午饭了吗? --- Yes, I have just had it. 是的, 我刚吃过. ( 说明现在饱了) I have lost my pen. 我把钢笔弄丢了. ( 过去某时丢的, 现在还没有找到 ) I have already watched the TV play. 我已经看过这部电视剧了. --- Have you found your lost pen yet ? 你找到丢失的钢笔了吗? --- No, I haven’t found it yet. 不, 我还没有找到. ② 表示动作或状态在过去已经开始, 持续到现在, 也许还要持续下去, 常和 for, since 连用 表示持续的动作或状态多为延续性动词. eg: We have lived here since 2000. 自从 2000 年以来我们一直住在这里. ( 说明一直住在这里, 也许还会住下去. ) 2. 结构: ① 主语 + have / has + done + … 3. 时间状语:常与 already, yet, ever, never, for + 段时间, since, just, before, so far, by now, these days 连用. 注意: already, yet, 常和现在完成时连用, already 用于肯定句, 可放在助动词之后、过去分词之前,可

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中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家

放在句末. yet 用在疑问句中意为”已经”, 用在否定句中表示”还”, 常放在句末. eg: He has just come here since 2000. 他从北京回来. Have you ever been to Shanghai ? 你去过上海吗? I have never traveled by plane before. 我以前从来没有乘飞机旅行过. I haven’t heard of it before. 我以前从来没有听说过这件事. I have been in Beijing for two years. 我在北京已经两年了. 4. 句型: ⑴ 肯定句: ① 主语 + have / has + done + … eg: She has been to Shanghai. 她去过上海. eg:I have finished doing my homework. 我已经完成我的作业了. ⑵ 否定句: ① 主语 + have / has + not +done + … eg: I haven’t seen this film. 我没有看过这部电影. eg: She hasn’t finished doing his homework. 她还没有完成她的作业. ⑶ 一般疑问句:①Have / Has + 主语 + done + … eg: Have you seen this film ? Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t .

你看过这部电影吗? 是的, 看过. / 不, 没有. eg: Has she finished doing his homework ? Yes, she has . / No, she hasn’t.

她完成她的作业了吗? 是的, 完成了. / 不, 没有. ⑷ 特殊疑问句: ① 特殊疑问词 + have / has + 主语 + done + … eg: eg: When has you seen this film ? 你什么时候看的这部电影? Who has finished doing his homework ? 谁完成了作业?

5. 当与一段时间连用时, 经常用 for 加一段时间, 这时候谓语动词一定要用延续性的. 非延续性动词----延续性动词 come ---- be here start / begin --- be on go --- be away / off leave --- be away borrow --- keep die --- be dead buy --- have

eg: He came here three days ago. 他三天前来的这. (一般过去时) He has been here for three days. 他来这已经三天了. (现在完成时与一段时间连用, 非延续性动词变延续性动词. ) He went to Dalian last week. 他上周去的大连. ( 一般过去时 ) He has been away for a week. 他已经离开有一周了. ( 现在完成时 )

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中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家

I borrowed the book last month. 我去年借的这本书. ( 一般过去时 ) I have kept the book for a week. 我保管这本书有一周了. ( 现在完成时 ) 6. 词义辨析 have been to 去过… (在本地) eg: I have been to Canada. 我去过加加拿大. have gone to 去了… (不在本地) eg: He has gone to Dalian. 他去了大连. 【随堂演练】 1. --- Hello! Can I speak to Alice ? A. goes --- Sorry, she isn’t here right now. She ______ to the shop. C. has gone D. was going

B. will go

2. --- When did you become a volunter ? A. have joined in

--- Two years ago. I _______ this group since then. C. have been in ---No, not yet. D. Have, been D. have been to

B. have joined to

3. ---______ you ______ to the National Grand Theater ? A. Did, go B. Do, go

C. Have, gone

4.---So far the government _______ a lot for the Olympic Games. --- So it has. We’re all looking forward to this event. A. does B. is doing C. has done D. will do

5. John’s car is not here. I think he _______ somewhere. A. goes B. went C. has gone D. will go

6. David ________ Chinese since 20 years ago, and now he speaks it quite well. A. learns 7. ---Where’s Mr White ? A. has been to B. learned C. has learned D. will learn

---He ________ the wash room. B. has gone to C. is going to D. goes to

8. ---What do you think of the new film ? --- A. saw B. have seen

---It’s wonderful. I _______ it twice. C. will see D. see ---Yes, we had a great time there. D. Will; show

9. ---_________ you ________ him around the museum yet ? A. Do; show B.Did; show

C. Have; shown

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中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家

二 被动语态
1. 概念: 主语被…… 2. 构成: be + done 3 被动语态的用法:在被动语态中, 主语是动作的承受者, 主要用于以下几种情况: ① 不知道动作的执行者是谁. 如: This watch is made in China. 这块手表是中国制造的. ② 没有必要指出动作的执行者是谁. 如: More trees must be planted every year. 每年都应该种更多的树. ③ 需要强调或突出动作的承受者时. 如: Chines is spoken by more and more people in the world. 世界上越来越多的人说汉语. (强调汉语的使用广泛) ④ 句子的主语是动作的承受者. Many houses were washed away in the flood. 许多房屋被洪水冲走了.

4. 各种时态的被动语态 (中考要求掌握三咱时态的被动语态, 以及情态动词的被动语态) ① 一般现在时的被动语态 主语 + be ( am / is are ) + done + …

主动语态: We clean the classroom. 我们打扫教室. 被动语态: The classroom is cleaned by us. 教室被我们打扫. ② 一般过去时的被动语态 主语 + be ( was / were ) + done + …

主动语态: He made the kite. 他做的风筝. 被动语态: The kite was made by him. 风筝被他做的. ③ 一般将来时的被动语态 主语 + will + be + done + …

主动语态: They will plant trees tomorrow. 他们明天将要种树. 被动语态: Trees will be planted by them. 树明天将要被他们种. ④ 情态动词的被动语态: 主语 + 情态动词 ( can / may / must / need, …) + be + done + … 主动语态: I can find him. 我能找到他. 被动语态: He can be found by me. 他能被我找到. 了解现在进行时、过去进行时、进在完成时的被动语态。 现在进行时的被动语态: 主语 + be ( am / is / are ) + being + done + … 过去进行时的被动语态: 主语 + be ( was / were ) + being + done + … 现在完成时的被动语态: 主语 + have / has + been + done + …

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中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家

5. 主动表被动 有些词如 write, sell, wash, open, 等词作不及物动词时, 它们的主语为物, 可用主动语态表被动意义. look, sound, taste, smell 等系动词用主动结构表被动意义. 【随堂演练】 1. ---Who’s the little baby in the photo, Susan ? This photo ______ ten years ago. A. takes B. is taken C. took D. was taken

2. You can only use the dictionaries here. That is they ______ out of the reading room. A. can take B. can’t take C. can be taken D. can’t be taken

3. It is said that a new school ______ here soon. A. will built B. is built C. will be built D. is building

4. ---What should we do first if we want to develop our village ? A. must build B. are built

---More new roads ________, I think. D. must be built

C. have built

5. ---When can we get the exam results? A. will be sent B. are sending

---They _______ to you next Monday. C. will send D. are sent

6. English _______ by about 400 million people in English speaking countries. A. is spoken B. speaks C. speak ---Oh, it _________ last year. C.builds D. built D. are spoken

7. ---I’ve never seen the tall building here! A. was built B. was building

8. ---I _______there would be a football match on Channel 5 tomorrow. A. will tell B. have told C. was told D. wasn’t

9. We’ll have three days off if the work _______. A. finish B. can finish C. was finished D. can be finished

10. A football match _______ in our school next Monday. A. will hold B. will be held C. is going to hold D. holds

巩固提高
1.The teacher told us in class that the sun______in the east. A. rose B. will rise C.would rise D.rises

2. If it _____ tomorrow,I’llgo by car. A.rian B.will rain C.rains D.would rain

3.We _____ the Great Wall three days ago. A.don’t go to B.weren’t go to C.didn’t went to D.didn’t go to

4.How often _____you _____to the park when you were in Tianjin?

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中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家

A.do;go

B.did;go

C.will;go

D.have;go

5.---Lucy has gone to London to see her grandmother. --- Really? When_____she come back? A.does B.has C.did D.will

6.Look!Some boys_____on the playground. A.playing B.are playing C.play D.plays

7.Mr.Green _____ in China since five years ago. A.lived B.has lived C.lives D.is going to live

8.---Where is you father? ---___________. A.He has been to American. C.He is going to Australia. 9.How long _____he _____English? A.has;taught B.did;taught C.does;teaches D.is;taught B.He has gone to England/ D.He would visit my grandparents.

10. I _____never_____such a nice song before that day. A.has;heard B.have;heard C.had;heard D.will;hear

11. They finished the work earlier than they______. A.has expected B.had expected C.expected D.would expect

12. Mother told me that she_____a new bag for me. A.would buy B.will buy C.has bought D.bought

13. These pictures_____when we took a trip to Kenting National Park. A. took B.will take C.were taken D.will be taken

14.TV and radio programmes _____ the other side of the world with the help of the satellites. A.can send to B.can send on C.can be sent to D.can be sent on

15.They ______all their money,so they have to walk home. A.spend B.had spend C.have spent D. will spend

16.Tom often goes swimming on Sunday,_______? A.isn’t he B.is he C. does he D. doesn’t he

17.He said he would go shoping if it ______. A.isn’t rain B.doesn’t rain C.wasn’t rain D.didn’t rain

18.---What_____you_____? ---My story-book. A.do;look for B.are;looking for C.was;looking for D.did;look for

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中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家

19. _______ me carefully, boys and girls. Can you _______ me? A. Listen to; hear B. Hear; listen to C. Hear; hear D. Listen to; hear from

20. –These farmers have been to the United States. A. will they go B. did they go

–Really? When ______ there? C. do they go D. have they gone

21. I’m sorry I haven’t got any money. I _______ my handbag at home. A. have missed 22. –Where is Miss Gao. Lily? A. has been B. have left C. have put D. have forgotten

--She _______ to the teachers’. B. has gone C. went D. would go

23. When her father came back home, Joan _______ with her friend. A. talked B. talks C. is talking D. was talking

24. His uncle _______ in three days. A. returns B. has returned C. returned D. will return

25. –Hi, Lin Tao. I didn’t see you at the party. --Oh, I _______ ready for the maths exam. A. am getting B. was getting C. got D. have got

26. –What did Mr Jones do before he moved here? --He _______ a city bus for over twenty-five years. A. is driving B. drove C. has driven D. drives

27. Look! The boys _______ happily in the river. A. swim B. swam C. will swim D. are swimming

28. If Mary _______ next Sunday, we will go boating together. A. will come B. comes C. shall come D. should come

29. So far I _______ any success. However, I’ll keep trying. A. don’t have B. didn’t have C. haven’t had D. won’t have

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