考点对接：高考短文改错 考纲要求：考查考生对词汇和语法的把握能力同时考查考生的阅读理解能力，即语篇能力。 导学过程 一.预习案 找出下列各句中的错误并加以改正。 1.I need some more informations. 2.In China,children usually start school at
an age of seven. 3.He drove too fast, and the police stopped her and handed him a ticket. 4.This is the best film which I have ever seen. 5.Judge from his accent, he is a southerner. 6.Though it was cold, but he went out without a coat. 二.探究案 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 11 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 ? When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out . We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so ,we’ll live to regret it . 三.议论案 考点一：动词 动词的考点主要涉及谓语动词时态和语态形式的选择、非谓语动词的适当形式以及动词 搭配、并列结构中后面动词的形式、及物动词和不及物动词的正确运用、情态动词和 will(would),shall(should)等助动词后面的动词形式的选择、主谓一致、虚拟语气(如从句需用 虚拟语气而没用)等。 1.When I was a child,I hoped to live in the city.I think I would be happy there. (2015 新课标全国 Ⅰ) 2.Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become... (2015 新课标全国 Ⅰ) 3.We must found ways to protect your (your→our/the) environment. (2015 新课标全国Ⅰ) 考点二：名词 名词考点主要涉及名词的单复数问题、可数名词和不可数名词混用、名词与形容词或动
词误用等。 1.The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. (2015 新课标全国Ⅰ) 2.One day,little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent... his parents were missing. (2015 新课标全国Ⅱ) 考点三：形容词和副词 形容词和副词的考查主要涉及形容词和副词比较等级的误用、形容词与副词的混用(如修饰 动词时误用形容词或修饰名词时误用副词等)、同义或近义形容词与副词之间的混用等。 1.Lots of studies have been ( been ) shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. (2015 新课标全国Ⅰ) 2.Much rare animals are dying out. (2015 新课标全国Ⅰ) 3.Dad and I were terrible worried. (2015 新课标全国Ⅱ) 考点四：代词 代词的考查主要涉及人称代词的前后一致性(包括指代的一致性和单复数的一致性)、人 称代词的主格与宾格变化、各类代词的误加与漏用(尤其是一些易受汉语影响的结构)、某些 不定代词的用法(尤其是在意思上用错)、代词在某些习语中的用法等。 1.We must found (found→find) ways to protect your environment. (2015 新课标全国Ⅰ) 2....his parents were missing...Five minutes later,Tony saw parents.Mom said,“How nice to see you again!Dad and I...” (2015 新课标全国Ⅱ) 考点五：关联词 关联词的考查主要涉及两个方面。一方面是对表示并列、转折、选择、因果等关系的并 列连词的考查;另一方面是对从属连词(比如从句中关联词的误用与漏用等)的考查。 1.There the air is clean or the mountains are green. (2015 新课标全国Ⅰ) 2.After looks (looks→looking) at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. (2015 新课标全国Ⅱ) 考点六：介词 介词的考查主要涉及在及物动词后接宾语时误加介词和在不及物动词后接宾语时漏加介词、 可直接用作状语的短语前误加介词、 介词与其他词的常用搭配错误、 常用介词的基本用法错 误、习语中的介词误用等。 1.Unfortunately,on the development of industrialization,the environment has been polluted. (2015 新课标全国Ⅰ) 2.Tony saw a toy on a shop window. (2015 新课标全国Ⅱ) 考点七：冠词 冠词的考查主要涉及冠词的误加和漏用,有时也考查不定冠词与定冠词以及零冠词的用法区 别(包括 a 与 an 的区别)。 其中,涉及最多的是,当一个单数可数名词表示泛指时,其前漏用不定 冠词;另外,冠词在一些习语中的用法也是一个重要考点。 1.Now I am living in a city,but I miss my home in countryside. (2015 新课标全国Ⅰ) 2....he quickly walked into the shop...A woman saw him crying and telling(told) him to wait outside a shop. (2015 新课标全国Ⅱ) 短文改错题是目前高考英语新课标卷的必考项目,而且所占分值也很大。该题型旨在考查学 生对错误的发现、判断、纠正能力以及对词汇、语法和语篇三要素的把握能力。根据短文改 错题的命题规律和考生答题时所暴露的问题,建议考生在复习过程中使用以下四种做题方法: 2.四种做题方法 (1)每行或每句有无“一致性”错误:①主谓是否一致 ;②指代是否一致;③修饰语与被修饰语
是否一致;④前后时态是否一致;⑤单复数是否一致;⑥并列连词 and,or,but 等前后的形式是否 一致。 (2)每行或每句有无“搭配”错误:①动宾搭配;②动词与介词搭配;③介词与名词搭配;④固定 短语等。 (3)每行或每句有无“词法、语法”错误:①冠词 the,an,a 误用;②非谓语动词的误用;③引导词 误用;④形容词与副词误用;⑤时态、语态使用不当;⑥并列连词误用(and,but,or,so 等);⑦名词 单复数形式误用等。 (4)每行或每句有无“逻辑意义”错误,如按照上下文意思本该用 push 的地方用了 pull。 总之,只要在平时的学习中掌握命题规律 ,讲究解题思路与技巧,并能从具体语境、行文逻 辑、习惯用法、句子结构等角度入手,对文章及句子进行分析,就能顺利改正错误。 四.练习案 (2015 陕西) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线(_),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My soccer coach retired in last week.I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party.My mum makes the better biscuits in the world,so I decide to ask her for help.Mum taught me some basic step of baking.I insisted on doing most of the baking myself.I thought the biscuits were really well.My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up. At a party,my coach,with a biscuit in his mouth,asked surprisingly who made them and joked,“I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits.” My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter! 五.总结 做高考短文改错要做到“四步走”。 第一步:浏览全文,把握大意。 第二步:找出短文中的句号,把短文拆分成若干句子,以句子为单位进行断句改错。 第三步:认真分析句子结构,从“多、缺、错”三个方面入手,进行改错。 第四步:重新通读自己改正过的文章,进行复查。 六.作业布置 (2015 四川) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每句不超过两个错误; 2.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 3.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
Hi, Janice, It’s been a month since I came to this new school and I really want share with you some of the problems I have been experiencing. As I tell you last time, I made three new friend here. We hang out together during lunch and after school. We’ve been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars. It’s been three Saturdays now and it really costs me many. And I started to see this as a time-wasting activity! In fact,I don’t like to go anymore, so I’m afraid I’ll lose their friendship. How do you think I should do? If you are me, would you talk to him? Please help with me and give me some advice. Grace ? （2014 课标全国Ⅱ卷） ? Nearly five years before, and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果)in our back garden. Since then—for all these year—we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please. As result, the plants are growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors. Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problems. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost!
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