修饰主语、宾语、表语的句子就叫做 定语从句。 引导定语从句的关联词有： 关系代词：who, whom whose, which, that 关系副词：when, where
定语从句的位置 定语从句一定放在被修饰成分之后。 e.g. This is the car which he bought
last year. 先行词 定语从句
Do you know the man?
He spoke just now. Do you know the man who spoke just now?
whom指人, 在从句中作宾语, 可省略。 e.g. Do you know the man (whom) we saw at the Beijing Hotel? The girl is from America. I called her just now.
The girl (whom ) I called just now is from America.
which指物, 在句中作主语或宾语, 作 宾语时可以省略。
e.g. I’m not interested in the book
which has just been published.
the red the green apple the small the big The apple which is red is mine. The apple which is green is yours.
The apple which is red is small. The apple which is green is big.
I have read the newspaper. It carries the important news. I have read the newspaper which carries the important news.
I showed him the letter. I received it this morning I showed him the letter (which) I received this morning.
that指人或物，在从句中做主语或宾 语, 作宾语时可以省略。 The house that I’m going to buy faces south. They’re talking about the film. I have seen the film. They’re talking about the film (that) I’ve seen.
Jane has borrowed the book.
It was written by Laoshe. Jane has borrowed the book
that was written by Laoshe.
* 先行词前有下列词语修饰时, 定语从 句必须用that引导。 all, every, any, little, few, much, no, only, very, the+序数词, the+形容词最高级 e.g. This is the cleanest park that you can imagine. e.g. This is the only book that has been written in French.
e.g. He talked about the things and persons that he had visited in the city. * 在who或which引导的特殊疑问句中， 限制性定语从句必须用that引导。 e.g. Who is the man that is standing over there.
* 先行词在从句中作表语时, 限制性定 语从句通常用 that 引导。(常可省略) e.g. She is no longer the girl that she was before she went to the country.
* whose 指人或物，在从句中作定语。 e.g. That’s the man whose house was burned down. The girl got first. Her father had given us a report. The girl whose father had given us a report got first.
That is the new machine.
The parts of it are too small to see. That’s the machine whose parts are too small to see.
Choose the best answers:
1. This is all ____ I know about the matter. A. that B. what C. who D. whether 2. Is there anything else _____ you want? A. which B. that C. who D. what 3. The last place _____ we visited was the Great Wall. A. which B. that C. where D. it
4. Please take the second chair_______ is over there. A. where B. which C. who D. that
5. Is oxygen the only gas __ helps fire burn? A. that B./ C.which D.it 6. Finally, the thief handed everything _____ he had stolen to the police. (NMET98’) A. which B. what C. whatever D. that
7. All of the flowers now raised here have developed from those ____ in the forest.
A. once the grew B. they grew once
C. that once grew D. once grew.
8. I don’t like ____ you speak to her.
A. the way B. the way in that
C. the way which D. the way of which
9. The weather turned out to be very good, ____ was more than we expected. A. what B. which C. that D. it 10. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows; most of ____ hadn’t been
cleaned for ten years.
A. these B. those C. that D. which
Fill in the blanks with who, whom, whose, which and that.
1. The man ____ I saw told me to wait. who 2. The man to _____ I spoke was a whom foreigner. 3. I know a boy ______ father is an whose acrobat. (杂技演员) 4. He saw a house whose windows were _____ all broken.
5. All the apples ____ fall are eaten by that wild boars. 6. Can you think of anyone ____ could that look after him? 7. This is the best hotel ____ I know. that 8. He showed a machine which parts are _____ too small to be seen.
1. Is that the house ____ you bought last B year? A. where B. which 2. Is that the picture ___ you are laughing A at? A. which B.where 3. It is the most interesting book ___ I’ll B ever read. A. which B. that
B 4. The street ______ is to the park is very narrow. A. where B. which 5. The person ___ finds my watch will get A a reward. A. who B. when 6. This is the room B we listened to the __ lecture. A. which B. where
7. The boy ___ mother is ill can not B come to the party. A. who B. whose 8. Tell me the reason ___ you are late. B A. which B. why
1. Look at that lady ______ name is Pochi. whose
2. He is a teacher whom/that I like very _________ much. 3. Those pictures _________ were drawn which/that by Tom are nice. 4. Those _____ will go to the park stay here. who 5. That was all the money ______ I had. that
6. Tom is the first boy _____ left the room. that 7. Look at the boy and his dog _____ are that coming this way. 8. You can read any book _____ I have. that 9. That was the year _____ I went to when America. 10. we came to the town, ______ we stayed where for 2 hours.
翻译 1. 他指给我看他丢钱包的地方。 He showed me the place where he lost his wallet. 2. 我不认识那个和你说话的女孩。 I don’t know the girl whom/that you speak to. 3. 她是一个叫玛丽的女孩。 She is a girl who is called Mary.
4. 那些正在打网球的男孩是我的朋友。 Those boys who are playing tennis are my friends. 5. 你记不记得我们到这儿的那一天? Do you remember the day when we arrived here?
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