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Styles of passage

argumentation exposition


3 4

How to summarize a narration:
Skill: 要素串联法

Who When

why how

How to summarize an argumentation
Skill: 议论三步法

论点—观点 主题句 论据— (事例) 结论


1. 提出要评论的事物或观点.
2. 分别陈述利与弊(或不同的观点)

3. 归纳得出作者的结论.
a. 有定论的,作者可明确表态(赞成或反对)

b. 争议较大的或尚无定论的, 可不明确表 态, 提出扬长避短的方法,也可以平衡其利 弊,提出某种期望和设想.

We are all aware that everything has its 开头: two sides. ______ is no exception. ___ has brought a number of benefits to us.

优 点:

—— is a beneficial activity, in which we can obtain many advantages. First of all, ________. Also, ____________. Most importantly, ____________________.

缺 点:

Just as a coin has two sides, ______ also has some side effects. However, ______ has also a lot of problems. For one thing, ____________; For another thing, ___________.

? ? ? ? ? ? I think I firmly believe that … In my opinion, Personally speaking,… As far as I am concerned, … From my point of view, ….

1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗) 2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐, 原因:俗) 3)to start with\ to begin with, next, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐) 4) first and foremost, besides, in addition, what’s more, last but not least(强烈推荐) 5)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用 于相对立的两点的情况) 6) for one thing, for another thing(适用于两 点的情况)

? 文章主体三大杀手锏 一、举例!提出一个观点,举实例证明! To take… for example, For example\instance 二、做比较方法:通过比较,可以更好地突出作 者的观点. whereas, while, on the contrary, compared with …, 三、换言之没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让读 者更充分的理解你的观点。 I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it . In other words, I am fed up with it.


1)In spite of these disadvantages, I think ______ does more good than harm to ______. We must take a correct attitude towards ______. We should take full advantage of it and avoid its disadvantages. 2)Weighing the two sides, we can conclude that ______ has produced great effects on society.

3)To sum up , I would say that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.

4) From what has been discussed above, we may draw the conclusion that… All in all , In conclusion, On the whole

? No matter how difficult English may be, you should do your best to learn it.. ? Nothing can prevent us from realizing the four modernizations. ? As the saying goes, nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it. ? Upon hearing the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he couldn't say a word. ? There is no denying (the fact) that the new management method has greatly increased the production.

? I take it for granted that they will support this idea. ? It is true that we must make our greater efforts; otherwise, we cannot catch up with the developed countries. ? We will be successful as long as we insist on working hard. ? To be frank, whether you like it or not, you have no other choice. ? As far as we know, it took him more than a year to write the book. ? As we know, it was not until recently that the problem was solved.

? As is known to us, knowledge is power. ? To tell the truth , many mistakes we made could have been avoided. ? There is no doubt that you will be helped by others if you have any difficulties. ? It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day. ? It is a common saying that where there is a will ,there is a way. ? It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success but hard work.

? Compared with the traditional cards, electronic cards are more interesting and lively. ? Group three helped to raise money in the street for the “Hope Project”, so that more children in poor areas can afford their schooling ? Apart from students from Guangming Middle school, the attendants include students from other middle schools or colleges, even doctors and engineers. ? In a certain sense, a successful scientist is a person who is never satisfied with what he has achieved.

? It can be seen from this that there is no difficulty in the world we cannot overcome. ? These volunteer’s activities can help us to gain some social experience and make good sense of our personal values as well.

? Last Sunday,our class organized some
volunteer’s activities, in which all of us took an active part.

? It’s reported that Li Ming won the game last week. ? It’s no use crying over the spilt milk. ? This is by no means the best way to solve the problem of energy crisis. ? According to the information given in the table/grap h, we can find that...

1.句式要有变化 ① 复合句 (主语\宾语\表语\同谓语\定语\状语从句) ② 倒装句 (1 )否定词置于句首(2)only+状语置于句首 (3)虚拟语气中if省略 ③ 强调句型 It is ……that (who)… ④固定句子结构 ? too…to… so…that…not …until… ? not only…but also… neither…nor…

The girl began to learn to play the piano when she was a child. Her mother was a famous pianist. The girl whose mother was a famous pianist began to learn to play the piano when she was a child. You can see panda only in China. Only in China can you see panda. It is only in China that you can see panda. Tom likes apple, and Jack likes it too. Not only Tom but also Jack likes the apple.

① 使用高等级词汇 He is a good student. excellent\extraordinary ② 使用短语 I like music. be fond of\be interested in ③ 使用谚语 As the saying goes,“” It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)

3. 使用连接词,过渡自然,连贯通顺,

? ? ? ? ?

and; as well as ; also; too, or; either—or; because (of) ;owing to; due to ; thanks to so ; therefore ; thus ; as a result on the contrary ; by contrast\ comparison compared to …, ? 转折 but ; yet; however ; nevertheless, ? 递进 besides ; moreover ; in addition furthermore ? 举例 for example/instance; such as ; that is ; namely;take …for example

并列 选择 原因 结果 比较

4 检查
1.单词拼写 2.时态\语态 3.句子的衔接,过渡 4.主谓一致 5.动词的过去式, 过去分词 6.句子是否完整



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