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2008高考英语词汇大突破


achieve 指经过努力而获得动力 或达到某种目的 gain 指经过努力而奋斗而,获得 某种利益,如处世经验 get 常用词,指以某种方法或手段 得到某种东西,这东西可能是他需 要或企图获得的,也许不是。 across prep. & adv.穿过,由这 边到另一边;横过 cross v. 穿过; 横过 act v.. 做;行动 v.演出;扮演角 色 n.行为; 动作,

举动 action n. 行动 actor n.男演员 actress n. 女 演 员 act as 充 当 ; 担 任 act...out 比划着表演 active adj. 积极的;主动的,活 跃的 take an active part in 积极参 加 be active in 热心于 actual adj. 真 实 的 , 实 际 的 actually adv. in fact 实际上; 事 实上 real, true 与 actual 的区别: real 真的, 真正的, 指客观上存在, 并非想象和虚拟,与“无”相对,反 义词为 unreal true 真实的, 强调事实的实际情况 相符,与“假”相对,反义词为 false

actual 真的, 强调事实上已经发生 或存在,而不是理论上可发生或存 在 AD 公元;纪元 BC 公元前 ad = advertisement n. 广告 add v. 增 加 ; 添 加 ; 补 充 说 add...to.. 往…加… add up to 加起来总共是 address n. 住 址 n. 演 讲 v. 对…发表演讲;称呼 admire v.羡慕 admire 后接名 词或动名词; 不接 that 引导的从句 admiration n. 赞 美 ; 羡 慕 admirer n. 羡慕者;钦佩者(男) admiringly adv. 钦佩地 admit v. 1).许可; 允许…进入 2). 承认;供认 advance v. & n. 1). 前进;向前 2). 提出 n. 1. 前进 2.进展、进步 advanced adj. 先 进的 advantage n. 优势;便利 adventure n. 历 险 ; 奇 遇 adventurer n. 冒险家 advice n. 忠 告 ; 劝 告 ; 意 见 advise v. 劝告 persuade v. 说 服 aeroplane n. = plane 飞机 affair n. 事 件 ; 事 情 foreign affairs 国事务 love affairs 桃

色事件 accident 指不幸的意外事故, 如: 车祸;摔伤,多指无意或偶然的。 incident 指小插曲,多指政治上 具有影响有事件,如叛乱,事变等。 event 大事 affect v.影响 afford v. 1).买得起 2). 负担得 起;足以 注意: afford 前常用 can, can?t, be able to 等;后面常接名词或不 定式 afraid adj. 1).害怕;担心,畏惧 2).恐怕,我想 be afraid of sth. 害怕(会做) be afraid to do sth. 不敢(去 做) Africa n. 非洲 African adj. 非洲人的 n. 非洲人 after prep. adv. & conj. 在…… 之 后 ; after all 毕 竟 ; 终 究 afternoon n. 下 午 , 午 后 afterwards adv. 以 后 , 后 来 again adv. once more 再一次 again and again 再三地,反复 地(= time and again) once again 再一次 against prep.1).反对 2).靠着; 绮着 3).以……为背景 age n. 1).年龄;寿命 2). 时代;

世纪 3)长时间 at the age of 在…… 岁的时候月 ago adv. 表示从现在算起的若干 时间以前,谓语动词常用一般过去 时 before 表从过去某时算起的若干 时间以前,谓语动

词常用过去完成时 agree v. 1). 同 意 ; 赞 同 2). match 与……一致 agree with 表示同意某人的意 见,想法,分析,解释等,还可表 示 “与……一致”;适合(气候,食 物等)”,常用 agree with sb. agree to 表示“同意某项建议,计 划,办法等”

agree on 表示 “就……取得一致 意见”后常接表示具体协议的文件, 计划,行动等。句中主语通常包括 当事双方。agreement n. 协议; 同意 agriculture n. farming 农 业
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agricultural adj. 农业的 ahead adv. in front 在前,向前 ahead of 提前 aid v.& n. help 援 助 , 帮 助 first aid 急救 aim v.& . n. 1). intend 旨在;目 的在于 2).瞄准 (常与 at 连用) n. 1. 瞄准 2. 目标、目的 air n. 空气;气氛 v. let in air 使……通风 by air 乘飞机(by plane) in the air 在空中 on the air ( 用 无 线 电 , 电 视 ) 播 送 aircraft n. plane 航空器(单复 数同形)airline n.航空公司;航空 系统 airliner n. 大型客机 airport n. 航空港 alive adj.活着 dead 死去 alive 常作表语,作定语时须放在 被修饰的词的后面 living 强 调 的 是 “健 在 ”,“ 尚 在 人 间”这一现在情况;alive 只用来说 明生死之间的“界线” all pron. adj. & adv.全部,所 有(的) 1. 可修饰可数名词, 也可修饰不可 数名词,而复数视主语而定 2. all 修饰名词时,名词前须加定

冠词 the 或形容词性物主代词 my, his, her 等 3. whole 不能修饰物质名词或专 有名词,不说 the whole water, 但可以说 the whole of the water all right 好,行 all the time 一 直 all the same 仍 然 all one’s life 一生 all over the world 全世界 not at all 一点也不 allow v. 允许 let 指不反对和不阻止,接不带 to 的不定式作宾补 allow 指听任或默认某人去做某 事 permit 表示正式地许可,会比较 积极地同意某人去做某事 promise 表示答应许诺,表示主 语许诺要去做某事 almost adv. 差不多;几乎 almost 与 nearly 的主要区别: 修饰 no, none, never, any 以及 no, 和 any 的合成词时,一般用 almost alone adj. & adv.单独;独自; only 仅仅;只有 alone 作形容词,只用作表语,强 调客观上的单独,不指心理上的寂 寞 lonely 寂寞的,偏僻的

along prep. 沿 着 …… adv. 向 前,往前; 共同 aloud adv. 高声 read aloud 朗读 loud 响亮地;大声地 loudly 含有“喧闹”的意思 already adv. 已经,常用于肯定句 yet 常用于否定句和疑问句 still 表示仍然,仍旧,可以用于肯定句, 否定句或疑问句 also too, as well 也;并且 also 用于肯定句,通常位于 be 动词,助动词或情态动词之后,行 为动词之前 too 用于肯定句,比 also 通俗, 可放在句中,也可入在句末 either 用于否定句,只放在句末 as well 放在句末 although conj. & though 虽 然,尽管 though 更 常用,两者可兼用; though 可放在句尾; although 不可放在句尾 altogether adv. 全部一起,总共 always adv. at all times 总是; for ever 永远 usually 侧重已形成“习惯”的角 度;说明动作 amazing adj. surprising 令人

惊奇的 America n. 美 国 ; 美 洲 American adj. 美国的;美洲的 n. 美国人;美洲人 among prep. of 在 …… 之 中 among 应 是 三 者 或 三 者 以 上 between 常指两者之间;还可作 副词用,表示 “在……其间” ancestor n. forefather 祖 先 ancient adj. 古代的 and conj. as well as 和; and 又 so on 等等 anger n.恼火; 气愤 angry adj. 愤怒的;生气的 be angry ( mad) with sb. 生某 人的气 be angry at ( about ) sth. 为某 事生气 animal n.畜牲般的人 announce v. n. 通告,通知 announce 与 declare 的区别: announce 指正式“公布”, “宣布”, 侧重预告人们关心或感兴趣的事 情,尤指新闻 declare 正式向公众宣布, 侧重“当 众”发表,多用于宣战、议和、宣判 等 another pron. 另一个 another 用 于 三 个 或 以 上 中 的 一 个 the
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other 指 两 个 中 余 下 的 那 一 个 (注:the other 还可修饰复数名 词) one after another 一个接一个 answer v & n. 回 答 , 答 案 answer 及物动词 reply 不及物动词 vi.,后接 to, 为书面用语 answer for 对……负有责任,受 到惩罚 ant n. 蚂蚁 Antarctica n. & adj.南极洲 anxious adj. 忧 虑 的 ; 担 心 的 eager 渴望的 be anxious about 为……不安 be anxious for 1).为……担心 2).很想要某样东西 = be anxious to do any pron. & adv. 任何;任何 人,一些。一般用于否定句和疑问 句,表示“任何数量”,可修饰可数 或不可数名词, 用于肯定句表示“任 何一个”。 anybody; anyone 任 何人 anything 任何事 anyhow ( anyway ) 无论如何 anywhere 任 何 地 方 anytime 无论何时 apologize v. 道歉 apologize to sb. for sth. 因某事向某人道

歉 make an apology to sb. for sth. 因 某 人 向 某 人 道 歉 a letter of apology 道歉信 appear vi. 出现; seem 似乎 appearance n. 出 现 appearances n. 外 表 disappear vi.消失 apple n. 苹 果 the apple of someone's eye 掌上明珠 application n. 申 请 ; 申 请 书 apply for 申请 apply to 适用 于 appreciate v. enjoy 欣喜;be thankful for 感激(后接名词或动 名词) April n. 四月 April Fool 愚人节 (4 月 1 日) area n.区域;范围 argue v. 辩 论 ; 争 论 argument n. 争论 argue with sb. about ( on, over ) sth. 就 某 事 与 某 人 争 论 argue for 主 张 argue against 据理反对 arm n. 胳膊;手臂 arm in arm 挽 臂 take sth.(sb.) in one's arms 抱 take up arms 拿起武 器 armchair n. 扶 手 椅 army n. 军队

around prep & adv. 到处, 四周; 大约 round 为 adj. adv. n. & v.around 只有 prep. 或 adv. arrive vi. 到达 (小地点用 at) 到 , 达(大地点用 in) arrival n. 到 达 art n.艺术;艺术品;技巧 artist 艺术家(尤指画家) as conj. adv. & prep.和一样; 由于;作为 as a matter of fact 事实上 as...as 象……一样 not as...as 不象 as a result 结果 as a rule 通常 as usual 照常 as well 也 as well as 和 serve as 用 作 such as 象 …… 那 样 the same as 象……那样 ashamed adj. 感到 羞愧 ; 内疚 ; 悔恨 Asia n. 亚洲 Asian adj. 亚 洲的 n. 亚洲人 ask v. 问, 请求, 要求; 邀请 ask for sth. 要求得到 ask sb. for sth. 请某人给某物 asleep adj. fast (sound) asleep 熟睡 assistant n. 助手;助理 astonish vt.使吃惊(astonish 语 气比 surprise 重) astonished at

(by) 对 …… 感 到 吃 惊 astonishing adj. 惊 人 的 astonishment n. 惊讶 at prep.在(小地点) ;在(某一时 间) ;对(与动作的目标连用) at the beginning of 开始 at last 最后 at least 至少 at most 最多 at first 起初 at table 进餐时 at a distance 在稍远处 at all 全 然; 完全不; 究竟 at large 逍遥法 外 at once 立刻 at present 现在 at sea 航行中; 茫然 at the bottom of 在……底 部 at the end of 在……的结尾 at the foot of 在……脚下 at the same time 同时 at high speed 高速地 athlete n.田径运动员 attack v.& n.1). 进攻 2).用言语 或文字攻击 3).伤害 attempt v.& n. try 试图;尝试 ( 比 try 更 正 式 ;try 更 常 用 ) attend v. 1). 参 加 2). pay attention to 注意 3). look after 照料 attend 指参加会议,听报告,典 礼,仪式,上学等(attend to 服务) join 指加入某团体,如参军,入团 等 join in 指参加比赛的活动
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take part in 指参加群众性活动、 运动、劳动等(在活动中发挥作用) attention n. 注意 , 关心 pay attention to (接名词或动名词) attitude n. 态度,看法 attract vt.吸引 attractive adj. 妩媚动人的;英俊的 August n. 8 月 aunt n.姑;姨,婶,伯母,舅母 auntie = aunt ,uncle 叔,伯, 舅,姑父,姨父 Australia n. 澳 大 利 亚 Australian adj. 澳大利亚的 n. 澳大利亚人 autumn n. 秋天;秋 fall 秋天 (美语) avenue n. 大街(多指林荫大道) average n. 平 均 ; 平 均 数 on average 按平均数计算 awake adj. 醒 着的 ,知道 的 v. (awoke; awoken) wake 唤 醒 away adv. 离开;不在;在别处 be away from 远 离 …go/run away 走/跑开 right away 立刻 far away 遥远 B baby n. 婴 儿 ; 幼 畜 ; 雏 鸟 baby-sitter n. 临时保姆 back n. 背部; 背后; 后部 At the

back of the house there is a kitchen garden. adv. 回原处,在原处 Now you can go back to your seat, Tom. v.向后退 Attention, please. This car is backing up. bad adj.(worse, worst) 坏的;讨 厌的;质量低劣的 badly adv. (worse, worst)严重 地,非常,很差 bag n. 袋 子 handbag 手 提 袋 schoolbag 书包 baggage n. luggage 行李(不可 数名词) baggage Am.E luggage Br.E bake v. cook in an oven 烘;烤 baker n. 面包师 bakery n. 面 包店 balance n. & v. 平衡 n. 天平 n. 结余 ball n. 1.球; 球状体 2. (正规的) 大型舞会 basketball 篮球 football 足球 volleyball 排 球 baseball 棒 球 handball 手球 balloon n. 气 球 bamboo n 竹子 ban vt. & n. forbid esp. by law (尤指法律)禁止 banana n.香蕉 bank n.1.银

行 2. land 岸;堤 bar n. 1. 条状物;棒;杆 2. 酒 吧 bare-footed adj. & adv. 赤脚 的; 赤脚地 bargain v. 讨价还价 n. 廉价买 到的物品 base n. 1. 基础 2. 根据地 base n. 指有形的基础 basis n. 常指无形的基础 basic adj. 基础的;基本的 basin n. 水 盆 ; 脸 盆 n. 盆 地 basket n. r 筐;篮 basketball 篮球 bath n. 1.洗澡 2. 浴盆; 浴缸; 浴池 have(take) a bath 洗澡; 冲凉 bathe vi.洗澡 vt. 给…洗 澡 n. 海(河,湖)水浴 bathing suit n.游泳衣 battle n. 战斗;战役 vi. 战斗 campaign 指 大 的 战 役 battle 指中等战斗或战役 fight 指小的 战 斗 in battle 在 战 斗 中 battlefield 战场,激烈争执所在 bay n. 海湾 be v.(am, is, are, was, were, being, been) 是,成为 beach n. 海(湖、河)滩 beach 多指海滨浴场

shore 大自然的海(河、湖)岸 seaside 海边,尤指渡假之处 bean n.豆, 豆类 green beans 青 豆 peas 碗豆 bean curd 豆腐 bear n.熊 vt. 1. 忍受 2. 出生 (多用被动态) I was born in London in 1980. bear … in mind 牢记 beard n. ( 下 巴 上 ) 胡 须 moustache 嘴 唇 上 的 胡 子 whisker 腮须 beat v.(beat, beaten) 1. 打 2.欧 打 3.规律性的拍击; (心) 跳动; 4. 打败 beat .. to death 打死 beauty n. 1. 美丽 2. 美人; 美的 事 物 beautiful adj. 美 丽 的 pretty adj. 美 丽 的 , 漂 亮 的 handsome adj. 英 俊 的 beautiful 和 pretty 多指女性的 美,handsome 多指男子的英俊, 亦可指物,意为美、雅、壮观等 What a handsome old building it is! He earned quite a handsome salary for his work. because conj. 由于;因为; (接 从句) because of 由于;因为(接名词、
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代词或短语) become v.(became; become) come to be 变得;成为 bed n. furniture to sleep on 床 go to bed 上床睡觉 (go to sleep = fall asleep 入睡) make the bed 整 理 床 铺 bedclothes 床 上 用 品 bedroom 卧室 beer n. 啤酒 (一般为不可数名词, 但表示“份”,“杯”时为可数名词) beef n. the meat of farm cattle 牛肉 bee 蜜蜂 beehive 蜂箱 before prep. adv. & conj. 在前 面; 在……前 before long 不 久 后 : long before …很久以前 Work hard and before long you will catch up with your classmates. The house had been built there long before I was born. beforehand adv. 预先 beg v. 乞 丐 ; 乞 求 ; 恳 求 beg one's pardon 请原谅 beggar n. 乞丐 begin v. (began, begun, beginning) start 开 始 begin with 从 …… 开 始 at the

beginning of 在 …… 开 始 时 behind prep. & adv. at the back of 在……之后 behind 多 指 位 置 之 后 , fall behind 落在后面 being n. a living thing 生物;人 a human being 一个人 come into being 产生 believe v. 相信,认为 belief n. 信仰; 信条 ,believe 相信……说的 话 believe in 信 任 ( 某 人 ) ( =trust ) bell n.钟;铃 ring a bell 打铃 belong v.属于 belong to 属于; 是……的成员 below prep. & adv. 在下面 below 指位置低于某物, 但不一定 在其正下方, 反义词 above ,under 指在某物的正下方,反义词 over belt n. 带;传送带;腰带 bench n. 长凳 bend v.(bent, bent) 使弯曲;弯 曲;俯身 (down, over, forward, back) bent adj. 弯曲的 beside prep.在……旁边 besides prep. 除了……以外 besides 指 “ 除 …… 外 ” ( 还 有 ; including) except 指 “除 ……外 ” (不 再有 ;

exluding) best adj. adv. & n. 最好 (是 good 或 well 的最高级) do one's best 尽最大努力 all the best 一 切顺利 best-seller n. 畅销书 better adj. & adv. (good 或 well 的比较级) 更好的(地) had better (do) 最好(做)( 后接 动词原形 ) between prep. & adv. 在(两者之 间) between 用于两者之间; 亦可用 于两者以上的之间,但各个为独立 的,between 应与 and 连用,不 与 or 连用; among 用于三者或 三者以上 There is no secret between you and me. The Danube ( 多 瑙 河 ) runs between many countries. beyond prep. & adv. 超出; 在……那边;在远处 bicycle n.自行车 = bike big adj. 大的,大块头的 small 小 big 指体积或面积的大,也指人块 头大或大人物 large 常指体积和容积的大,通常

不指人 great 伟大,巨大,指长度高度的 大;常修饰抽象事物 bill n. 1. 帐单;清单 2. 纸币;钞票 3. 结 案;议案 billion num.(美, 法) 十亿; 英, 百亿 biology ( 德) n.生物学 bird n. 鸟 birth n. 出生 birthday 生日 birthplace 出 生 地 give birth to 分 娩 biscuit n. 饼干 bison n. 北美 野牛 bit n. 小块 a bit(of) 有点 bit by bit 一点一点地 not a bit = not at all 一点也不 not a little = very; quite 很,非 常 bite (bit, bitten) v. & n. 咬 bitter adj. 苦的;痛苦的,伤心的 sweet 甜 black adj. & n. 黑 色 blackboard 黑板 blame v. 责 怪 blame sb. for sth. 为某事责怪某人 blame sth. on sb. 把某事归咎 于某人 be to blame 某人有过失 blanket n. 毯 子 , 厚 的 覆 盖 物 carpet 地毯 bleed (bled, bled) vi. 流 血 blood n. 血 bless v.保佑;祝福
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blind adj. be blind in 瞎了 ,be blind to ……对……视而不见 The old horse was blind in the right eye. One is often blind to one?s own mistakes. So we must help each other. block n.大块;街区 v. 阻塞;阻 挡 blouse n. 女装短上衣;女衬衫 blow v. (blew, blown) n. 打击 blow away 刮走 blue adj. & n. 天蓝色的, adj. 色情的 blue films 色情电影 board n. 木板 on board 在船上 (汽车,飞机)上 boat n.小船 vi. 划船 boat 小船 canoe 独木舟 ship 大船 warship 战舰 body n. 身 体 ; 尸 体 body language 体 态 语 body-building 健身 boil v. 煮沸 boiling water 沸腾 的水 boiled water 煮开过的水 bomb n. 炸弹 v. 爆炸 bone n. 骨头 book n. 书 v. 订 后 ; 订 票 bookmark n. 书签 bookstore n. 书 店 ( 美 )

bookshop n. 书店(英) bore vt. 使……厌倦 born (bear 的过去分词) 出生 be born 出生于 borrow v. 1. 借 (进) 借入 2. 采 ; 用 borrow 借入 lend 借出 boss n. 老 板 ; 雇 主 ; 上 司 botany n. 植物学 both .pron.双方 both.. and 两 个都 both 两者都 either 两者中任何一个 neither 两者中一个也不 all 两者以上都 none 两者以上 一个也不 bottle n. 瓶子 bottom n. 底 ; 底 部 at the bottom of 在……底部 top 上 部 bowl n. 碗 bowling n. 保龄球 box n. 盆,箱子 v. 拳击;打耳光 boxing n. 拳击 boy n. 男 孩 ; 男 仆 girl 女 孩 boyfriend 男朋友 boy students 男生 an office boy 勤杂工 brain n. n.脑; 智力 (brains) brake v. & n. 刹车 branch n. 分部; 支流;部门;树枝 brave adj.勇敢的 bravely adv. 勇 敢 地 bravery n. 勇 敢

coward adj. 胆小的 bread n. 面 包 bread and butter 涂黄油的面包 break v.(broke, broken) 打碎; 打破 break away from 脱离;放 弃 break into 闯入 (接宾 语) break in 闯入 (in 为副词) break off 打断;折断 break out 突然发 生 break the rule 违规 break up 分解 breakfast n. first meal of the day 早餐 breath n.呼吸;气息 hold one's breath 屏住呼吸 out of breath 上气不接下气 breathe vi. 呼吸; 呼入 breathe in 呼入 breathe out 呼出 brick n. 砖 tile 瓦 bridge n. 桥 brief adj. 简短 brief 指简洁 short 指时间、空间和物体的短 bright adj. 聪明的,明亮的 bring v.(brought, brought) 带 来 bring (back) 带来 take (away) 带 走 fetch 去 拿 (回) carry 不说明方向( carry away; carry back; carry to..) bring down 使倒下;击落 bring in 引进 bring on 使前进 bring

up 抚养;培养 Britain n.英国,不列颠 British adj. 英国的英国人的 broad adj. 宽的 broad 指幅面 的宽广( broad ocean (shoulders; chest..) wide 指一边到另一边的 距离 wide eyes (mouth, river..) broadcast (broadcast, broadcast) v. & n. 广播 broom n.扫帚 v. 扫 brother n.兄或弟,会友,教友 brother-in –law 姐夫,妹夫 browse v.浏览 brown adj. 棕 色;咖啡色 brush n. 刷子, 毛笔 v. 1. 刷 2. 掠过 bucket 水桶,吊桶 bug n.小虫; 迷 bug 爬虫或飞虫 worm 蠕虫 build (built, built) vt. 建造;建 设 building n. 建筑物 builder n. 建设者 bull n.公牛 bull 公牛; 斗牛 cow 母牛; 奶牛 ox (en) 公牛 buffalo 水牛 cattle 牛群 beef 牛肉 bullet n 子 弹 a bullet-proof car 防弹车 burden n. & v. heavy load 重 负 , 负 重 be burdened with
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负……重 burn v. & n. 燃烧;烧伤 burn away 烧掉 burn down 烧成平地, burst v.爆 炸 burst into 闯入 burst out 突然开始 ,burst into laughter/tears bury vt.埋藏 bus n.公共汽车 bush n. 灌木 business n.生意; get down to business 言归正传 on business 因公(外出) busy adj. 忙 ; 没 空 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 be busy with 忙于某事 free 有 空的;自由的 but conj. 但 是 do nothing(anything) but (do) 后面 接不带“to”的动词不定式 butcher n 屠夫; 肉商 butter n.黄油;奶油 button n.纽扣;按钮 v. 按钮 buy v.买;购买 buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. buyer n. 购买者 sell 卖 by prep. 1. by way of 经; 由……;被 2.在旁边 by bus (plane, train , ship, air..) 乘公共汽车(飞机,火车,

船) by accident 意外地 = by chance by force 用 武 力 by heart 牢记 by mistake 弄错 by now 现在 by sea 由海路 by the way 顺 便 说 by then 到 那 时 bye-bye=. goodbye 再见 C = 摄氏温度计(的) CAAC 中 国民航 cabbage n. 卷 心 菜 ; 洋 白 菜 cafe n. 咖啡馆;餐馆 cage n. 笼;鸟笼 vt.将(某人/ 物)关入笼中 cake n.蛋糕;糕;饼 call v. & n. 称呼;取名;呼唤; 叫喊;叫;喊; (一次)电话;通话 call at (a place),访问 (某地) call back, ring back 回电话 call for, 去取(某物) ;去接(某人) ;要求; 号召; 约请 call in 召来; 召集 call on.拜访;访问 calm adj. quiet, not worried; 平 静的;镇静的;沉着的 v. 镇定; 使镇定 calorie n.卡(热量单 位) camera n. 照 相 机 ; 摄 相 机 in camera 不公开地私下 camp v. & n. 野营;宿营;营 go camping 去 野 营 a summer camp 夏令营

can v. 能够;可以;可能;会.can not be too careful 怎么小心也不 过分 be able to 与 can can 没 有 将 来 式 和 完 成 式 。 Be able to 有各种时态。 could 和 was able to/ were able to 都可以表过去的“一般能 力”。表过去具体的能力要用 was/were able to。不过否定式 couldn?t 也可表具体的能力。 n. 罐头;金属容器 Canada n.加拿大 Canadian n 加拿大人 cancer n.癌症 candle n.蜡烛 cap n. 帽 子 ; (管 , 瓶等 的 ) 盖 capital n.首都;省会;大写字母; h 资本;资方 captain n. 陆军上尉;海军上校; 船长; (足球队等)队长 car n.小 汽车 card n.卡片,名片 cardigan n.开襟绒线衫 care n. & v. 小心;谨慎;注意; 关心;介意 take care of, look after 照料;照顾 care for, like, want 喜欢;想要 careful adj.谨 慎的; 小心的; 仔细的 careless adj. 粗心的;漫不经心的 carelessly adv. thoughtlessly 粗心地

carol n. 颂歌;欢乐之歌 carpet n.地毯;毛毯 carriage n.四轮马车;cart(火 车)客车厢 carrot n.胡萝卜 carry v.运送;搬运;携带 carry off, snatch 夺走 carry on, go on 继续下去 carry out,进行;开展; 执行(计划,命令) 实现 ; cart n.(三轮货车)马车;火车; 小推车 v. 用大车拉(某物) cartoon n. 动 画 片 cartoon-maker carve v 刻,雕刻 case n.盒;袋;套;箱状况,情况 in that case 若是那样的话 cash n. 钱; 现款; 现金 castle n. 城堡 cast v.扔;投;掷;抛 castor n. 蓖麻 cat n.猫 catch v. caught[ ], caught 接 住、捉住 be in time for 赶上 become infected with 染 患 catch fire 着火 catch up with (a)赶上某人 (b) 赶工 cattle n.牛的总称 cause v.引起; 使产生; 使发生 n.
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t 原因;起因 cave n 山洞 ceiling n.天花板、 平顶 celebrate v.庆祝 cent n. 一分 钱 centimeter n. 公 分 ; 厘 米 centre n. 中心;中央;中心点 central adj.中央的,中心的 century n.百年 certain adj 确 定的;无疑的 (b)一定的 (c)未指明的、未说明的; 某种 certainly adv. without doubt 无疑地、确定地 chain n.锁链 in chains 上着镣 铐;在囚禁中 chair n.椅子 chairman n. g 主 席;议长;会长 chalk n.粉笔 chance n.机会 change v.改变、更换,兑换 n.变 化,零钱 change…for 用 …… 换 …… change…into 把…变成 change one’s mind 改变主意 channel n.水渠 chapter n. 篇、章 character n. 1.人物;角色(小 说、戏剧等) ;2.字体 charge v.索价、要价 n.费用 in charge of 负责管理

chart v. 制 图 ,n. 航 海 图 , 图 表 chat n. & v.聊天、闲谈 cheap adj. l 便宜、贱 cheaply adv. 廉价地 check v.检查、核对 n.检查、核 对; check 支票;饭馆等的帐单 check out 结帐;查明 cheek n. 面颊 cheer v.欢呼;喝彩 cheese n. 乳酪、干酪 chemical n.化学物; adj.化学的 chemical rain 酸雨 chemist n. 药 剂 师 化 学 家 chemistry n.化学 cheque n. (Br.E)支票 chest n. 箱子、盒子 chew v.咀嚼 chicken n.幼鸟、 小母鸡;鸡肉 chief adj.主要的; 重要的; n 首领 child n. pl. children 儿童、孩 子 childhood n.: 幼 年 ; 童 年 chime n.乐器、 钟等奏出的谐和的 乐声 chimney n. 烟筒、烟囱 China n. 中国 Chinese n.中国 人 , 汉 语 adj. 中 国 人 , 汉 语 的 chocolate n. 巧克力; 巧克力糖 choice n. 选择、 挑选 choose v. (chose; chosen)选择;挑选

Christmas n.圣诞节 Church n. 教堂 ,教会 cigarette n.香烟、纸烟 cinema n.电影院 circle n 圈; 集团 citizen n. 市 民 city n. 城 市 civil adj.公民的、国内的 claim vt.声称、断言 clap v. 拍手;鼓掌 class n.班、 课 classmate n 级、 同班同学 clean adj.干净;清洁 v.弄干净; 擦干净 clear adj.明亮的;清晰的;清楚 clear away, take away, get rid of 把……清除掉 clear up 清 理 ; 整 理 become clear(天气)放晴 clerk n.书记员;办事员;职员 clever adj. 聪明;伶俐的 climb v. 爬 、 攀 登 n. 攀 登 clock n.时钟 clinic n. 诊 所 close v. 关 ; 闭 cloth n 布、布料 clothing n. clothes(总称)衣 服 cloud n.云 club n.俱乐部;社团 coal n. 煤 coast n 海岸、海滨 coastline n.

海岸线 coat n.外套、上衣 cock n. 雄 鸡、公鸡 coin n.硬币 cold adj.寒冷的 n.寒冷 take / catch cold 感冒、伤风 collar n.衣领 collect v. 收 集 ; 搜 集 ; 聚 集 collection n. d 收藏品 college n.(综合大学中)学院; 高等专科学校 colo(u)r n.颜色; 色彩 comb v. 梳(头发) come come off:脱离,离开 , come on:跟随 , come out: 出来, 出版、发行 come to: amount to 共计;达到 come true:变为现实; 实现 comedy n.喜剧 comfort n.舒 服、舒适;安慰 v.安慰 comfortable adj. 舒 服 的 . uncomfortable comment n..评论 common adj. 共 同 的 ; 普 通 的 in common 共同、共用 communicate v.传送;交换;互 通 communism n. 共 产 主 义 的 communist n.共产主义者; adj. 共产主义的 companion n. 同 伴 ; 同 事
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company n.陪伴; 公司 compare v. r 比较 ,compare with 把…和…进行比较 compared…to 与…相比;把…比 作… compete v. 比 赛 ; 竞 赛 competition n. 比 赛 ; 竞 赛 competitor n. 比 赛 者 complete adj.完全的;彻底的; 完结的; v.完成;结束 composition n. 作 文 ; 作 曲 compressed adj. 压缩的 computer. n .计算机 conceited adj. 骄 傲 自 满 的 concert n.音乐会;演奏会 condition n.条件; 状况; pl. 环 境、情形 conductor n.售票员、 列车员; 指 挥;导体 conference n.会议讨论 congratulate v. 祝 贺 congratulation n. (often pl)贺 词 conjecture n 推测 connect v.连接;把…联系起来 continent n. 洲 ; 大 陆 continue v.继续;连续 contribution n.贡献 control v.控制;支配; n.控制; 支配

convenient adj. 便利的; 方便的 conversation n. 谈 话 ; 交 谈 cook v. 烹 调 n. 厨 师 、 炊 事 员 cool adj. 凉的、凉快的 copy n. (书报等) 一本、 一份 v. 抄 写 coral n. s 珊瑚;珊瑚虫 corner n.角、角落、街道拐角 correct adj. 正确的;对的; v. 改正、修正、纠正 cost (cost, cost) v. 值 (多少钱) ; 花费 cottage n.村舍、小屋 cotton n.棉花;棉线;棉布 cough n. 咳嗽;咳嗽 count v. r 按 顺 序 数 ; 计 数 counter n.柜台 country n. 国 家 ; 农 村 、 乡 野 countryside 农村、乡野 couple n. 一双;一对,夫妇 courage n. 勇气;胆略 course n.经过;过程;道路;课程 of course , naturally; certainly 自 然;当然 court n. 法庭;法院 cousin n. 堂(表)兄弟;堂(表) 姐妹 cover v.覆盖;遮盖;掩盖 n.罩; 盖子

crazy adj 风狂的 cream n. 乳脂;乳油;膏状物 create v 创造;造成;制造 crew n 全体船员;机组人员 crisp adj. 脆的;松脆的 n. 油炸 土豆 crop n 庄稼;收成 cross v.穿过;越过;渡过 n.十字 形;交叉 adj. 脾气不好的;易怒 的 crowd n. 人群;群集;拥挤;挤 满 cruel adj.残酷的;残忍的;无情 的 cry v.叫喊;哭声 cubic,adj.立方 形的;立方体的 cupboard 碗柜、衣柜 cure v. 治疗; n.治愈;全愈 curious adj. 奇妙的;稀奇的 curtain n. ( 门 、 窗 ) 帘 ; 幕 cushion n.垫子 custom n. 风 俗 ; 习 俗 ; 习 惯 customer n. g 顾客;顾主 dad n. (口语)爸爸;爹爹 daily adj. & adv. 日常的; 日常 地 n. 日报 dam n.水坝;水闸 damage n. 损害;损坏 v. 损坏 dance v. 跳舞 n.舞蹈;舞步

danger n. 危险 in danger 处 在危险状态 dangerous adj.: 危 险的 damp n. 潮湿; 潮湿的 dare v. & aux. 敢;敢于 dark adj. 黑暗的;深色的;棕色 的 darkness n.: 黑 暗 dawn n. daybreak 黎明;破晓 date n. 日期 date from: 始于 daughter n. 女儿 day n.白天 ,一天 by day :日间; 白天里 day after day 日复一日 day and night :all day and all night: 日 日夜夜 one day(过去或将来)某 一天 the day after tomorrow : 后天 the day before yesterday : 前天 the other day : a few days ago: 前几天 day by day : one day to another: 一天天的。 daylight n.白昼 黎明 deaf adj. 聋 的 deal v. (dealt [ delt ], dealt ) 分配,经营 deal with : 对付;应付; 涉及 a good (great )deal of: =quite a lot of: 大量;相当多 dear adj.亲爱的;可爱的; 昂贵
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的;高价的 death n. 死 debt n.债务;欠 款 in debt :欠债 December n.十二月 decide v.: 决 定 ; 下 决 心 decision n.决定;决心 declare v.声明;断言 deed n.行为;事迹 do a good deed: 做一见好事 deep adj.深的; adv. 深深地 deer n.鹿 defeat n. 击败;失败 v. 击败;使 挫 败 ( syn. beat, overcome ) defence n. 防御;防备 defend v. 防 卫 ; 保 卫 ( syn. protect, safeguard ) definite adj. 明确的;肯定的;无疑的 degree n.角或温度的单位:度,学 位 delay v. 推 迟 , 耽 搁 ( syn. postpone, put off ) delicious adj. 美味的;妙的 delight n. 高 兴 ; 快 乐 ( syn. pleasure )v 使 高 兴 ; 使 快 乐 deliver v. 传递;交付 give forth in words 发言: demand v.: 要求;需求 department n.: 部 门 ; 车 间 ( syn. store; shop )

department store 百货公司 depend v. (with on or upon ) =rely on 依赖;依靠 depth n. 深; 深度 describe n. 描写;描述 decription n. 描 写 ; 描 述 desert n.沙漠;荒漠 desert v.抛弃;遗弃 design v.设 计;绘制 n.设计 designer n.设 计人;制图员 desire n.要求;期望 desk n. 书桌;写字台 destroy v. 破 坏 ; 毁 坏 detective n.侦探 determine v. 决 定 ; 下 决 心 determination n. 决定 determined adj. 坚 决 的 develop v.开发,发展冲洗 development n.开发,发展 devote v.专心,献身 devote to: 献身于,致力于,专心 dial v. 拔 ( 电 话 号 码 ) diamond n. 钻 石 , 金 刚 石 diary n.日记 dictation n. 听写 dictionary n. 词 典 , 字 典 die v. 死,枯萎 die of: 死于(表示由于内部原因, 疾病,情感,饥寒等而死) die from 死于(表示由于外部原因,

偶然性死亡) die out: 消失,灭 亡 difference n.不同 different adj. not the same: 不 同的,差异的 ( syn. various ) ( ant. same ) differently adv. 不同地 difficult adj. not easy: 难的, 困难的 ( syn.hard ) ( ant. easy ) difficulty n. the state or quality of being difficult: 困 难,难事 dig v. ( dug, dug ) use a tool to break up and move earth; 挖, 掘 ( syn. pick ) digest v. change, be changed, in the stomach and bowels, so that it can be used in the body: take into the mind; 消化,领会 *dingo n. a kind of dogs in Australia: 澳洲的一种野狗 dinner n. main meal of the day: 正餐 ( syn. meal ) dining room: a room for meals: 餐厅 dip v. put, lower sth. into a

liquid: put and take sb. into and out sth.: 浸,蘸;把…放入 又放出 direct adj. with nothing or no one in between; in an unbroken line: 直 接的 v. manage; control: 指导,控制 direct speech 直接引语 ( syn. guide ) ( ant. indirect ) direction n. course taken by a moving person or thing face: 方向,方位 director n. person who directs the actors and actresses; person who controls a factory or a workshop: (戏剧, 电影的)导演, (工厂)厂长, (车间 的)主任 * directory n.. list of names and addresses: 姓名地 址录 dirt n. unclean matter: 污物; 脏 物 dirty adj. not clean; covered with dirt: 脏的; v. Make or become dirty: 弄脏 ( ant. clean ) disability n. lack of ability: 残 废;无能
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( ant. ability ) disabled adj. make unable to do sth..: 残废的;残疾的 disadvantage n. unfavourable condition:不利条件;弱点 ant. advantage disagree v. Take a different view; have different opinions: 不同意;意见不同 ( ant. agree ) disagreement n. act of disagreeing:。意见不同;不同意 ant. agreement disappear v. Go out of sight; be seen no more: 消失 ( ant. appear ) disappoint adj. fail to do or be equal to what is hoped for expected 使失望 disappointing adj. causing sth. to be disappointed: 令 人 失 望 的;令人扫兴的 disappointment n. being disappointed: 失望;沮丧 disaster n. great or sudden misfortune: 灾难;祸患 discover v. find out: 发现 ( syn. invent; find ) discrimination n.

discriminating:岐视 discovery n. discovering or be discovered: 发现 discuss v. Examine and argue about: 讨论;议论 discussion n. talk for the purpose of discussing: 讨论 disease n. illness: 病;疾病 syn. illness dish n. shallow, flat-bottomed vessel: 盘子;碟子 food bought to table on a dish: 一道菜 disk n. thin, flat, round plate from which music or songs can be heard: 磁盘 dislike v. not like:不喜欢;厌恶 ( syn. hate )( ant. like; love ) disobey v. Pay no attention to orders: 不服从 ant. obey distance n. measure of space between two points, places: 距 离;远处 distant adj. far away in space or time: 远的,遥远的 ( syn. far )( ant. close; near ) district n. part of a country: 区; 地区;区 disturb v. Break the quiet,

calm, peace, or order of; put out of the right or usual position: 扰乱;打扰 dive v. go head first into water: 跳水 divide v. separate, splite or break up: 分;划分;分割 divide up: 分配 divide….into…把…分为 do (did, done, does) aux.1. used with another verb to form questions or negatives (1) 放在主语前构成疑问句 (2) 与 not 连用构成否定句 2. used to give emphasis to the main verb 用于强调 v. 1. carry out action 干; (事) 做 2. complete 完成 3. make, produce 制作,产生 4. make tidy 整理,使整洁 5. study 学习,研究 do a good deed 做件 好事 do cleaning / cooking / shopping 扫除/做饭/买东西 do somebody a favor 帮某人一个忙

do the deed 付 诸 行 动,生效 do good to 对......有 益 do with 处理,安排 do well in 在......方面 做得好 do wrong 做坏事,犯 罪 doctor n. 1. medical practitioner 医生 2. academic title 博士 ( syn. physician, surgeon) dog n. the animal 狗 Love me, love my dog 爱屋及乌 Let sleeping dogs lie 莫惹是非 dollar n. the standard unit of money in the us, Australia, Canda, HongKong and other countries, for which the sign is $ (美国,澳地利,加拿大,香港 和其它一些国家的货币 单位)元 (符号为$) door n. 1. the large flat object that you open and close at the entrance to a building, room, vehicle etc. 门

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2. the space made by an open door 通 道 doorstep 石 阶 doorway 门口; 「喻」入 门 doorbell 门铃 double 1. adj. having two parts or lagers 双的 2. adj. twice as much 两倍的 3. v. fold 把......对折 4. n. exact likeness 极相似 doubt n.[u] uncertainty 疑惑 v. be uncertain 怀疑 v. mistrust 不信 ( syn. suspect) ( ant. Believe) down adv. 1. to/in a lower position 向下 2. into a weaker, smaller, or quieter state 减退下去变小...... prep: 1. to wards the ground or a lower point or in a lower position 向下 2. alone 沿着(街道,河流)而下 ant. up downtown 在(往) 城市的中心区和商业 区 downstairs 在楼下, 到楼下 downward 向下

downhill 往山脚 dozen n. twelve 一打,十二个 dozens of : lots of n+ 很多 draw v.(drew, drawn) 1. make line, depict 画,描绘 2. pull, pull after one 拉 3. extract 引出,抽出,取出 n. equal outcome to a match 平 局,不分胜负 ( syn. drag, pull) drawer n. 抽屉 drawing n. 绘画,图画 dream v.(dreamed, dreamed, dreamt, dreamt) 1. imagine during sleep 梦,做 梦 2. fancy 梦想,梦幻 n. 1. [c] a series of thoughts, images, and feeling that you experience when you are sleep 梦 3. [c] wish 愿望 dream of 向往;渴望;梦想 dress n. 1. a place of clothing worn by a woman or girl that covers her body from her shoulders to somewhere on her leg 长裙

2. apparel in general 服装(尤指 外衣) syn. clothes v. 1. clothe oneself 给自己穿衣 3. clothe someone else 给别人 穿衣(不可用衣服作宾语) ( syn. put on ,wear) ( ant. undress) dress up (给......)穿上 盛装 drill n. 1. exercises 练习,操练 2. instrument for boring 钻头, 钻孔器 v. 1. bore 钻(孔) ,钻通 2. exercises 训练 syn. exerise, practice, training drink v.(drank, drunk) 1. quench thirst 止渴,饮,喝 2. soak 吸收 3. take alcohol 喝酒 n. amount of liquid 饮料,酒 drinker 酒徒 adj. drinkable 可以喝的 drive v. (drove, driven) 1. steer a car 驾驶车 2. cause to go 驱,赶 3. force to work 逼迫,迫使 n. 1. journey by car 驾驶,驱车 旅行

2. private road way to a house 车道(尤指和室内的汽车道) ( syn. ride) drive home 开车回家 drive away 把车开走 drive off 赶走 drive sb. mad 使某人 发狂 driver n. [c] 司机,驾 驶员 drop n. 1. fall 降下,落下 2. globule 滴剂 3.small amount of liquid 滴 v. 1. fall 落下,降落 2. allow to fall 使落下,使滴下 3. lower 降低 ( syn. fall) drop in 顺便走访某人(接 地点时用介词 at,接人用 on) drown v. 1. die by submersion 淹死,溺 死 2. obliterate 淹没,消失

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3. bathe 把......沉浸在液体中 like a drowned rat (湿得)象落 汤鸡 drug n. 1. medicine 药 2. habit─forming substance 成瘾性药品 v. render unconscious by drugs 使麻醉 drug store 药房 a drug user 吸毒者 drunk adj. (not before noun) unable to control your behaviour, speech etc because you have drunk too much 醉的 n. someone who is drunk or often gets drunk ( syn. drunken (drier, driest ) 酒鬼) dry adj. 1. opposite of wet 干燥 的 2. thirsty 口渴的 3. having very little rain or moisture 干旱的 v. [I,T] to make something dry or become dry 使.....干 ( ant. wet) ( dryness n. 干燥) duck n. [c] a very common water bird with short legs and a wide beak that is used

for its meat, eggs, and soft feathers. 鸭 v. to lower your head or body very quickly, especially to avoid being seen or hit. 迅速 低下头(或弯下身)闪避,躲避 due adj. 1. proper, right 适当 的 , 应 有 的 2. owed 应支付的 3. to be expected to happen or arrive at a particular time 预 期 的 , 约 定 give sb. his/her due 给某人以应得的评价 due to : because of 由于 ( syn. owing to , because of , thanks to) dull adj. 1. boring 单 调 无 味 的 2. not bright or shine 暗淡无光的 3. not sharp 钝的 v. to make something such as pain or a feeling become less sharp less clear etc 使迟钝,缓和,减轻 ( ant. sharp)

dusty adj. 尘土一般的 during prep. 1. all through a length of time 在......期间 掸帚 2. at some time in a period of time 在...... 的时候 ( syn.in the course of 在......期 间) dust n. 1. [u] dry powder consisting of extremely small bits of earth or sand 出土, 灰烬, 粉末 2. dry powder consisting of extremely small bits of dirt which you find in buildings on furniture, floors etc 灰尘 v. 1. remove dust 去掉......上的 灰尘 2. to shake a fine powder over something 撒(粉末)(把 , 粉末)撒在......上 dustman 清除垃圾的人 ( syn. clean ) ( ant. dirty) duty n. 1. [c, u] something that you have to do because itis morally or legally 责任,本分, 义务 2. [c usually plural, u] something you have to do as part of your job or because of your social position 职务,勤务 do one's duty 尽自己的 责任 on duty 值日,值班 off duty 不上班 ( syn. responsibility ) obligation, duster n. 打扫工,揩布,

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each pron. adj. every single one of two or more things or people considered separately 各 个 , 每 个 each and every one: an expression used to emphasize that you are talking about every single person or thing in a group 每个 each other 互相,彼此 eager['i:g ] adj. very keen and excited about something that is going to happen or about something you want to do 渴望 的,热切的 be eager to do sth. 渴望干... be eager for(after) knowledge 渴求知识 be eager about one's progress 争取进步 be eager in one's studies 专心 学习

及早的 adv. eagerly['i:g li] 热切地,渴望 地 n. eagerness 渴望. ear n.1.[c]one of the organs on either side of your head that you hear with 耳朵 2.[c]the ability to hear sounds 听觉,听能 give ear to 听,倾听,注意 be all ears 全神贯注地倾听着. early adj. 1.near to the beginning of a day, year, someone's life, etc. 早期的,早时 的 2.arriving or happening before the usual or expected time 早 的,早到,早发生. 3.near enough to the beginning of a process to prevent something bad from happening earn v. 1.[I.T]to receive a particular amount of money for the work that you do 挣得,赚得. 2.[T]to make a profit from business or from putting money in a bank, lending it to a company, etc.赢得 3.[T]to get something that you do serve, because of your qualities or actions 博得,应得 earn money 挣钱 adv. 1.before the usual, arranged, or expected time 早 地 2.near the beginning of a day, week, or other period of time 在初期在早时,在早期 3.near the beginning of an event, story, process, etc.

earn one's living 谋生 n. earnings[' :ni z] 所得,收入,报 酬 syn. gain earth n. 1.[sing.]the earth the world that we live in 地球 2.[U]substance that trees etc grow in. 土,泥 3.[sing.]the hard surface of the world, as opposed to the sea 陆 地,地面,地上 earthquake n. 地震 on earth 究竟 syn. world; globe; ground; land; soil east (abbreviation E) n. 1.[sing. U] the direction from
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plants,

which the sun rises, that is on the right of a person facing north 东,东方 2.adj. in the east or facing the east 东方的,朝东的 3.adv. towards the east 在东方, 向东方 in the east of ...在...的东部(境内) on the east (of) 在...(的)东面(接 壤) to the east of 在...以东(境外) East Africa 东部非洲 eastern['i:st n] adj. 东方的,东部 的 easy adj. 1.not difficult, and not needing much physical or mental effort 容易的,不费力的 2.not feeling worried or anxious 安逸的,安心的,平静的

take it easy 别着急,别紧张 easy chair 安乐椅 easy going 懒散的,随和的,放荡的, 悠闲的 adv. easily 容易地,不费力地,舒 适地 eat v. (ate[et],eaten) [I.T] to put food in your mouth and swallow it 吃 eat up 吃光 eatable 可食用的 n.[通常复]食物, 食品 eater n.食者 syn: have, take, dine edge n. 1. the part of an object that is furthest from its center 边,边缘 2. the thin sharp part of a blade or too( that cuts) 加,利刃,

锋,锐利 v. 1.[T] to put something on the edge or border of something 给...加上边 2.[I. always + adv./prep., T. always + adv./prep.] to develop gradually, or to make something do this 使渐进,徐缓 地移动 syn. border education n. 1.[sing., U] the process by which your mind develops through learning at a school, college or university 教 育 2.[sing.,U] the knowledge and skills that you gain from being taught 培养,训导 further education 深造,进修 syn. schooling effect n. [C,U] the way in which

an event, action, or person changes someone or something 影响,结果,效果,作用 v.[T] formal to make something happen 产生,招致 have an effect on 对产生影响 bring into (to) effect 实行,实现, 实施 take effect (药等)见效, (法规 等)生效 syn. result ant. cause effort n. 1.[U] the physical or mental energy that is needed to do something 努力,尽力 2.[C,U] an attempt to do something, especially when this involves a lot of hard work or determination 艰难地尝试 make an effort to do sth. 努力
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做某事 make every effort (to do sth.) 尽 一切努力做某事 syn. pain, trouble ant. ease egg n. 1.[C] a round object with a hard surface, that contains a baby bird, snake, insect etc and which is made by a female bird, snake or insect 蛋 2.[C,U] an egg, especially one from a chicken, that is used for food 鸡蛋 egg sb ... on [T] to encourage someone to do something especially something that they should not do 怂恿,煽动 eight num. 1.the number between seven and nine; the number 8 2. a team of eight people who

row a racing boat 八人的划船队 either ['i: ] conj. used to begin a list of two or more possibilities separated by or 或者,要么(一 般与 or 连用) adj.,pron.1. one or the other of two things or people(两者中的) 任何一个 2. one and the other of two things or people, each (两者之 中的)每一方 syn. both

other social group who is important and respected because they are old (复数)长 者,前辈 2. someone who has an official position of responsibility in some Christian churches (教 会的)长老 3. a small wild tree with white flowers and black berries 接骨 木 syn. older ant. younger

电气的 electricity [ilektr'isiti] n.[u] 电、 电流 elephant n.[c] a very large grey animal with four legs, two tusks and a trunk that it can use to pick things up 大象 eleven num. 1. the number between ten and twelve 2. a team of eleven players in football or cricket 十一个人的足 球队 else adv., adj. who/what/why, etc. else or anything/someone anywhere etc else. a) besides or in addition to someone, something etc. 其 他 , 另 外 b) apart from or instead of something, someone,etc. 别的 or else 否则,不然的话
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adv.[only in negatives] also 也 syn: also either...or... 或者...或者...;是... 还是...;不是...就是... elder adj. [only before noun] a brother etc who is older than other brothers, etc. 年龄较大的 n. 1. a member of a tribe or electric adj. 1. an electric machine, light, etc. works using electricity 电的、用电的 2. an electric situation is one in which people are very excited because something important is going to happen 令人震惊的, 惊心动魄的 electrical [i'lektrik l] adj. 电的、

使...成为空的 employ [T] 1.to pay someone to work for you 雇用 2.to use a particular method or still in order to do something. 用,使用 n. [u] in sb's employ formal if you are in someone's employ, you work for them 雇用,使用 syn. hire ant. dismiss empty adj. 1. having nothing inside container. 空的 2. an empty room, building etc does not have any people in it (房屋,建筑等)没人居住的 3. not being used by anyone 无 用的 V.[T] also empty out if you empty a container, you remove everything that is in it. 倒空, encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某 人做某事 syn. excite, inspire end n.[C] 1. the last part of something such as a period of time activity, book or film. 完成, 结束,终止,限度 2. the furthest point of a place or object 尖,梢,尽头 3. a situation in which syn. hollow. vacant ant. full encourage [T] 1. to say or do something that helps someone have the courage or confidence to do sth. 鼓励 2.to make something more likely to happen or make people uragement n. 鼓励

something is finished or no longer exists 结局,结束 v. [I] to finish or stop 结束,终止, 消灭,了结 endless adj. 无止境的,无穷的,没 完的 ending [c] (pl. endings) 结局,结 尾,最后 in the end 最后,终于 end up 结束,告终 at the end of ...最后, ...尽头 by the end of 在...结束时, 到... 末为止 make ends meet 量入为出, 使收 支相抵 syn. complete, finish

hates you and wants to harm you 仇人 2. someone who opposes you and wants to prevent you doing something 仇敌 3. someone you are fighting in a war 敌人 syn. foe ant. friend energy n. [C.,U.] 1. the physical and mental strength that makes you to be active 活动,劲 2. power that is used to provide heat, drive machine, etc. such as oil and coal 能,能量 3. energies. the effort that you use to do things 精力,能力 syn. power, vigour

ant. begin enemy n.[C] 1. someone who engineer n. [c] 1. one who is trained to plan and build roads,
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bridges, machines, etc.工程师 2. someone who controls the engines on a ship or aircraft 操 纵员 管理员 v. [T] to arrange something by clever secret planning 设计 策 划 engineering n. [U] 工程 工程学 English n. [U] 1. the language of Britain, the US, Australia and some other countries 英语 2. English language and literature as a subject of study 英语言学 3. the English people from England 英国人 adj. from or connected with England or Britain 英国的 英语 的 英国人的 England n. 英格兰(泛指)英国

Englishman n.(pl. Englishmen) 英国人, 英国男人 in English 用英语 enjoy v. [T] 1. to get pleasure from something 享受...的乐趣, 喜爱 2. to have something good such as success or a particular ability or advantage 享有(利益、 权利、声誉等), 享受 enjoyable adj. 愉快的; 快乐的; 有趣的 enjoy oneself 过得愉快 enjoy doing something 喜欢做 某事 syn. appreciate

pron. adj. as much as many as may be necessary 足够的,充分 的 syn. sufficient ant. insufficient, inadequate enter v.1. [I.T] to go or come into a place 进去,进入 2. [T] start to take part in 加入, 参加 3. [I.T] start working 开始从事, 开始进入,开始研讨 syn. come into entire adj. [only before noun] whole; complete; all 全部的,整 个的 entirely adv. 完全地,彻底地

entrance n. [C] 1. a door, gate, etc. that you go through to enter a place 入口 2. [C., usually sing.] the act of entering a place or room 进入 3. [U] permission to become a member of or become involved in a profession, university, society, etc.入场,入会,入学 syn. entry ,entree ant. exit envelope n. [C] 1. a thin paper cover in which you put a letter 信封 2. a layer of something that surrounds something else 外壳,封套,封皮 envy v. [T] to wish that you had someone else's possessions, abilities, etc. 妒忌,羡慕
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ant. depreciate, loathe [lou ] syn. whole enough adv. to the necessary degree 足够地,充分地 ant. partial

n. [U] the feeling of wanting something that someone else has . 妒忌,羡慕 envy sb.(for) sth. 羡慕某人......

same rights and opportunities as you do 相等者,相同者,同辈 equally 平等地,相同地,公平地, 平均地 equality n. 同等,平等,均等

unpleasant, difficult dangerous situation 避免

or

3. for a particular person, purpose etc. [+for]主要为...... Europe n.1. the large land mass that lies north of the Mediterranean and goes as far east as the Ural Mountains 欧 洲 2. the European Union 欧洲联 盟 3. BRE the continent of Europe not including Britain 欧洲大陆 European n. 欧洲人

equal adj. 1. the same in size, value, amount, number, etc. as something 均等的,相同的 2. having the same rights, opportunities, etc. as everyone else, whatever your race, religion, or sex. 平等的 3. be equal to : to have the ability to deal with a problem, piece of work etc successfully 胜任的,经得起的 v. equalled, equalling: to be exactly the same in size, number, or amount as something else 等于 n. [C] someone who is as important, intelligent etc as you as you are, or who has the

n. [C, U] the act of getting away from a place where you do not want to be, or from an unpleasant or dangerous situation. 逃跑,逃离 a narrow escape 九死一生 a fire escape (火警时使用的)太 平梯,安全梯,安全出口 syn. flee, run away ant. capture

equipment n. 1. [U] all the special tools, machines, clothes, etc. that you need for a particular activity. 设备,器材 2. [singular] the process of equipping someone or something . 配备,装备 escape v. 1. [I. T] to get away from a place when someone is trying to catch you or stop you leaving 逃跑,逃离 2. [I. T] to get away from a dangerous situation that is likely to harm you if you do not leave 逃跑,逃脱,避免 3. [I. T] to succeed in avoiding being involved in an

adj. 欧洲的 especially also specially adv. [sentence adv.] used to emphasize that something is more with one particular thing than with others 特别,尤其 2. [+adj./adv.] to a particularly high degree or much more than usual 特别地 even adv. 1. used to emphasize something that is unexpected or surprising in what you are saying 甚至,即使 2. even bigger/better/brighter etc used to emphasize that someone or something is bigger better etc than before, or than someone or something else you
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have just mentioned 更加(与形 容词或副词比较级连用) adj. 1. completely flat with all parts at the same height.平坦 的,平的 2. an even rate, temperature etc is steady and does not change much 均匀的,平稳的 3. divided equality so that there is the same amount of something in each place, for each person etc. 平均的,公平的 even if/though 即使/尽管 syn. still evening n. [C, U] the early part of the night between the end of the day and the time you go to bed 傍晚,晚上(从日落至就寝) inter. (informal): used to greet someone when you meet them in the evening 晚上好

syn. night ant. morning, day event n. 1. [C] something that happens, especially something important interesting or unusual 事件,大事 2. [C] an important performance, sports competition, party, etc. which has been arranged for a particular date and time(安排 好的)重要节目,运动比赛,晚会 等 3. [C] any of the races, competitions arranged as part of a day's sports(运动会等的) 比赛项目 current events 时事 ever adv. 1. a word meaning at any time; used mostly in question, negatives, comparisons, or sentences with "if" (用于问句,否定句以及

表示条件和比较的从句)在任何时 候;曾经 2. a word meaning always; used especially with expressions of time 总是,永远 ever since 自...以来(就一直...)

every once in a while 偶尔,间 或 every two years 每隔两年 everybody /everyone pron. 每 人 everyday adj. 每天的,日常的

for ever 永远 syn. daily every adj. 1. each one of a group of things or people that make a group or set 每一的,每 个的 2. used to emphasize that you are talking about the whole of something. 一切的,全部的 syn. each every bit 每一点,完全,全部 every now and then (或 again) 常常,不时地 every other 每隔 everything pron. 每件事,事事 everywhere adv. 到处 exact adj. 1. correct and including all the necessary details 确切的,准确的 2. someone who is exact is very carefully and through in what they do 严格的,严厉的 3. an exact science is based on calculating and measuring things rather than on opinions, guessing, etc. 精确无误的,精密 的
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pass an examination 考试及格 exactly adv. 确切地,精确地 take an examination 参加考试 syn. right ant. inexact exam n. 1. [C] a spoken or written test of knowledge, especially an important one 考 试,考查 exam= examination: [C] (formal) a spoken or written test of knowledge 考试 2. [C,U] the process of asking questions to get specific information, especially in a court of law 审查,查问 3. [C, U] the process of looking at something carefully in order to see what it is like 细查,检查 syn. test, quiz fail an examination 考试不及格 carry out a medical examination 进行体格检查 examine v. [I.T] to look at something carefully in order to make a decision, find something, check something etc. 检查,考查,诊察 example n. a thing, person, situation etc that you mention to show what you mean or to show that something is true 实 例,范例,模范,榜样 for example 例如 give/set a good example to sb. 为某人树立好榜样 make an example of sb. 惩罚某 人以儆他人 Example is better than precept 「谚」 以身作则胜于口头训诲 excellent adj. extremely good or of very high quality 优秀的,卓越的,杰出的,极好的 excellence n. ['eks l ns] 优秀, 杰 出,卓越 excellency n. ['eks l nsi] 1.[Br.E] 阁下,对大使,总督,主 教等的)尊称 2. ( 常 用 复 ) 优 点 , 美 德 ( = excellence) except 1.conj. except for: apart from 除去、撇开、除非(可用于 句首)表示与谈论的对象不属同一 类 2.prep. a) used to introduce the only thing or person in a group about which a statement is nottrue 除......之外 syn. instance

b) other than; but except from: not include something when you are talking about or considering a number or group things 把...... 除外;不计 except that (接从句)除......外。 excite v.[T] 1. to make someone feel a particular emotion.刺激 2. if something excites comment etc it makes people talk about it 激发,唤起引起 3. [not in progressive or passive] to make someone feel happy interested or hopeful because something good has happened or is going to happen 使兴奋, 使激动 excited adj. 兴奋的,激动的 exciting adj.令人兴奋的,使人激动 的

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syn. encourage, inspire excuse v.[T] excuse me (spoken) 1. used when you want to get someone's attention politely, especially when you want to ask a question (提问问题时的客 套)打扰了; 原谅 2. used to say that you are sorry for doing something rude or embarrassing (常用于插话,表 示异议等场合) 对不起 3. used to ask someone politely to move so that you can walk past (请示某人让开的客套话) 对 不起,打扰. excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某 人做过某事 syn. pardon, forgive n. [c] 1. a reason that you give to explain careless or offensive behavior 理由 2. a false reason that you give to explain why you are doing something or not doing sth. 借 口, 辩解 in excuse of 作为......的借口. syn. reason, explanation exercise n. 1.[U] physical activities that you do in order to stay healthy and become stronger 训练、锻炼 2. [C] a movement or set of movements that you do regularly in order to keep a particular part of your body strong and healthy 运动 3. [C](usually pl.) an activity or process that helps you practise a particular skill such as playing a musical instrument or singing 练习 v. 1. [I] to walk, do sports, etc. in order to stay healthy and

become stronger 锻炼 2. [T] to make a particular part of your body move in order to make it stronger 锻炼(身体某部 位) exhibition n. 1.[C] a public show where you put things so that people can go to them 展 览、展览会。 2.[U] the act of showing something such as a painting in a public place 表演;显示 on exhibition 展出 syn. show existv.[I, not in progressive] 1. if someone or something exists that person or thing is real and has not been imagined by someone 存在、实在 2. to happen or present in a particular situation 延续、继续

存在、存在状态 3. to stay alive especially in a difficult situation when you do not have enough money, food etc. 生存、存活 existence n.[U] 存在、生存、存 在物 come into existence 产生、成立 expect v[T] 1. to think that something will happen because it seems likely or has been planed 预期 2. to believe that someone or something is going to arrive 期 待 3. to demand that someone does something because it is a duty or seems reasonable 要 求、指望 expect to do sth. 料 到 ( 预 计 到......)

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expect sb. to do sth.期望某人干 某事. syn. desire expensive adj. costing a lot of money 昂贵的 expensive mistake: a mistake that puts you in a very bad situation 高昂的代价 expensively adv. 花钱多地、 高价 地 syn. dear ant. cheap, inexpensive experience n. 1. [U] knowledge or skill gained while doing a job 经验 2. [U] the state of knowing or having learnt a lot, about life and the world from events that have happened to you and people you have met 经历、阅历

3. [C] something that happens to you or something you do, especially when this affects or influences you in some way 体 验 v.[T] 1. if you experience a problem or situation it happens to you or affects you 体验、经历 2. to feel a particular emotion or physical sensation 感受 experiment n.[C,U] 1. a thorough test using scientific methods to discover how someone or something reacts under certain conditions 实验 2. a process in which a new idea or method to see if it is useful or effective 试验 v.[I] 1. to try various ideas methods etc to see whether they will work or what effect

they will have 进行试验 2. to test something using scientific methods to see if it is true or to obtain more information about it 进行实验 explain v. [I,T] 1.to make something clear or easy to understand 解释,说明,阐明 2.to give or be a reason for something 为...辩解,说明...的理 由 explain sth. to sb. 向某人解释某 事 explanation [,ekspl 'nei n] n. 解 释,说明,辩解,辩明 explode v. 1. [I.T] to burst, or to make something burstinto small pieces, usually with a loud noise and in a way that causes damage 爆炸, 使爆炸 2.[I] to suddenly become angry or dangerous 爆炸 3.[T] to prove that something that many people think or believe is wrong or not true 破 除, 戳穿, 驳倒(理论) express v. [T] 1.to tell people what you are feeling or thinking by using words (用语 言)表达,表示,表白 2.to show your feelings or thoughts using art, music, films etc. (用艺术、音乐、电影等) 表达... 3. to let people know what you are feeling or thinking by the look in your face or by your behaviour (用面部表情或行为) 表 示,显示 adj. [only before noun] an express command, desire or aim is deliberately stated for a particular reason 特殊的,明确 的,确切的 n. [C, usually sing.] a train or
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bus that travels from one place to another very quickly 快车, 快运 [U] a post service that delivers letters and packages very quickly 快递 adv. to send or deliver a letter, parcel, etc. quickly using a special post service 乘快车,以 快递方式 expression [iks'pre n] n. 表达, 词句,表情 exploit v. [T] 1.to treat someone unfairly in order to get money or an advantage for yourself 剥 削 2.to use something fully and effectively in order to gain an advantage or profit 利用,利用... 而自肥 n. [C, usually pl.] brave and exciting action that people admire 功绩,功勋,英勇的行为,

辉煌的成就 exploiter n. 剥削者

have/keep your eyes sb./sth. 观察,照看 catch sb's eye 注目

on

actually happened or is happening; something known to be, or accepted as being, true 事实;实际 syn: reality; conjecture truth ant:

exploitable [iks,pl it bl] adj.可开 发的,可利用的,可剥削的 extra adj. more of something, in addition to the usual or standard amount or number 额外的,外加的 adv. to cost, earn or pay more money than the usual amount 另外收费的 n. [C] something which is added to a basic product or service which improves it and also costs more 额外人手,额外 东西,额外费用 extremely adv. to a very great degree 极端,极其,非常 eye [ai] n. [C] one of the two parts of the body that people and animals use to see 眼睛

eye-ball n. 眼球 eyed [aid] adj. 有眼的 eyeful ['aifl] 满眼 eyesight n. 视力,目力 face n. the front part of the head from the thin to the hair 脸;面孔; v. to have the face or front pointing (towards) 面对;面向 face to face in the direct presence(of) 面对面;当面 make a face to make an expression with the face to show rude amusement, disagreement, dislike, pain, etc. 做鬼脸;做苦脸 fact n. something that has

as a matter of fact really; actually 事实上 syn: in (actual) fact; in point of fact in fact really; actually 实际上 syn: as a matter of fact; in point of fact factory n. a building or group of buildings where goods are made, esp, in great quantities by machines 工厂 syn: works; plant; mill fail v. to be unsuccessful(in) 失 败;不及格

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ant: succeed 成功 fair adj. 1. Free from dishonesty or injustice 公平的; 合理的; 2. fairly good 相当好(尚好) 3. (of the weather) fine; clear (天气)晴朗的; 4. (having skin or hair that is) light in colour not dark(肤色) 白晰的; (头发)淡色的 syn: proper; blond; pleasant ant: unfair fairly adv. 1. in a manner that is free from dishonesty; injustice, etc. 公正地; 2. for the most part; rather; quite 相当地 syn: rather, quite faith n. strong belief; trust 信

念;信仰 2. not real 假的 syn: trust ant: doubt fall v. (fell fallen) 1. to descend through the air 落下;下降 2. to come down from a standing position, esp. suddenly. 倒下;跌倒 3. Am.E autumn (美)秋天 syn: drop; descend; sink ant: rise fall asleep to go to sleep 入睡 fall ill to be not well in health 患病 fall in love with 爱上 fall off 跌 落;下降 fall over 跌 倒 ; 倒 下 fall to pieces 崩溃;倒塌 false adj. 1. not true or correct 不正确的 syn: wrong; incorrect ant: true; correct familiar adj. having a thorough knowledge(of) 熟悉 ant: unfamiliar be familiar with 对……熟悉 family n. any group of people related by blood or marriage, esp. a group of parents and their children 家庭;家族 syn: household famous adj. very well known 著 名的;有名的 syn: remarkable ant: obscure be famous for 因……而著名 fan n. 1. an instrument meant to make a flow of (cool) air,

such as an arrangement of feathers or paper in a half circle waved by hand, or a set of broad blades turned by a motor 扇子 2. a very keen follower or supporter, esp. of a sport or famous person 球迷 far adj. & adv. (farther farthest further furthest) a long way 远 的/地 syn: remote ant: near far away a long way. 遥远的;远 离的 far from farther than; instead of 远离;完全不 so far until now 到目前为止 farm n. an area of land, with its buildings, concerned with the growing of crops or the raising of animals 农场;农庄

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farmer n. a person who owns or plants the work on a farm 农夫;农场主;牧场主

of animals and human beings which helps to keep them warm 脂肪 syn: feshy ant: lean

feeding that something is likely to happen 害怕;恐惧;担忧 syn: dread; fearlessness fright ant:

feeling n. a consciousness of something felt 感情;感觉 syn: sensation fellow n. someone with whom one shares a (stated) activity or spends time in a (stated) place 同伴;伙伴 syn: companion; mate

syn: peasant father n. a male parent 父亲 farther adv. & adj. (far 的比较 级) more far 较远;更远 syn: further ant: nearer fast adj. quick; moving quickly 快的 迅速的 adv. quickly 快地;迅速地 syn: quick adv. quickly ant: slow adv. slowly fasten v. to make or become firmly fixed or joined 扎牢; 扣住 syn: fix ant: unfasten. fat adj. having (too) much fat 肥胖的; n. the material under the skins syn: mistake excellent ant: merit; February n. the 2nd month of the year 二月 feed v. (fed, fed) to give food to 喂(养) ;饲(养) feel v. (felt, felt) to get knowledge of by touching with the fingers 感觉;感触 feel like doing to have a wish for; want 觉得想做 ant: want would like to do 想 做 would prefer to do 想做 fault n. a mistake imperfection 缺点;毛病 or feather n. one of the many parts of the covering which grows on a bird?s body, like a thin stick with soft hair-like material on each side 羽毛

favo(u)r n. a kind act 恩慰;好 意;帮助 syn: kindness ant: animus favo(u)rite n. something or someone that is loved above all others 特别喜爱的人(或物) adj. being a favorite 喜爱的 syn: preferred fear n. the feeding that one has when danger is near; the

fence n. a wall made of wood or wire, dividing two areas of land 栅栏;篱笆 syn: hedge fetch v. to go and get from another place and bring back 去取;去拿 syn: bring few adj. not many; not enough 少数(的) pron. not many; no enough 不
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多(的) ant: many fever n. an illness in which the sufferer suddenly develops a very high temperature 发烧;发 热 a few not many 一些;少数几个 field n. a stretch of land on a farm marked off in some way and weed for animals or crops 田地;牧场;场地 fierce adj. angry, violent and cruel 猛烈的 syn: violent; cruel; angry ant: tame; mild fifteen num. (the number) 15 十五 fifth num. 5th 第五

fight v. (fought, fought) to wse violence( against others) 打仗; 打架;战斗 n. a battle 战斗 syn: battle; war figure n. a whole human body, as shown in art or seen in reality 塑像;画像 fill v. to make or become full 满;充满 syn: perrade ant: empty(v.) fill in to put in 填充;填空 film n. 1. the substance on which one takes photographs or makes cinema pictures 电影 胶片 2. movie 电影

final adj. last; coming at the end 最后的 syn: last find v. (found, found) to discover, esp. by researching 找到;发现 syn: discover

syn: complete fire n. burning with place 火; 火炉;火灾 v. to shoot off bullets 开火;射 击 syn: blaze(n.) on fire 着火

find out to learn or discover (a fact that was hidden) 查明;发 现;了解 fine adj. bright and sunny; beautiful and of high quality 晴 朗的;美好的 healthy and comfortable(身 体)很好的;健康的;舒适的 finger n. one of the movable parts with joints, at the end of each human hand 手指 finish v. to come or bring to an end 结束;做完

fire alarm 火警 fire escape 安全梯 fire fighter 消防人员 fire wood 火柴 firm adj. strong; hard 牢固的; 稳固的 n. business company 公司;企 业 syn: strong; hard; solid ant: infirm
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fifty num. (the number)50 五十 syn: movie

first adj. & adv. before anything else 第一 before the others 首 先 n. the person or thing before all the others 开始;开端 ant: last

2. to provide and put correctly into place 安装 adj. right and suitable 适合的; 适当的 syn: suitable ant: unfit

flash n. 1. a sudden quick bright light 闪光 2. the method or apparatus for taking photographs in the dark 闪光灯 in a flash 一杀那间

liquid or be help up in air without sinking 漂浮;浮动 syn: waft ant: sink flood v. 淹 没 ; 使 泛 滥 n. the covering with water of a place that is usu. dry; great overflow of water 洪水 floor n. 1. the surface on which one stands indoor; surface nearest the ground 地面;地板

be fit for be suitable 适合 at first at the beginning 起先; 开始的时候 first of all as the first thing 首 先 fish n. a creature which lives in water and use its fins and tail to swim 鱼;鱼肉 v. to try to catch fish 捕鱼;钓鱼 fishing net 鱼网 fist n. the hand with the fingers closed in tightly 拳头 fit v. 1. to be the right size or shape(for)(使)合适; (使)符合 five num. (the number)5 五 fix v. to repair 修理; 安装; 确定; 决定 syn: repair ant: alter in a building or block 一套房间 fix up 安顿;修理好 syn: level(a.) apartment(n.) flag n. a square piece of cloth, usu. with a pattern or picture on it, fastened by one edge to a pole or rope 旗 syn: banner float v. to stay at the top of flight n. 1. trip by plane 航班; 搭机旅行 2. a set of stairs 楼梯的一段 syn: flying flat adj. smooth and level. 平 的;扁平的;平坦的;平展的; n. a set of rooms, esp. on one floor, usu. one of many such sets

2. a level of a building (楼梯的) 层 flour n. grain, esp. Wheat, made into powder and used for making bread, pastry, cakes, etc. 面粉; 粉
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flow v. to run or spread smoothly like a river; pour 流 动;涌出 syn: pour flower n. the part of a plant, often beautiful and coloured, that produced seeds or fruit 花 fly v. 1. to move through the air by means of wings or a machine 飞翔;乘飞机; 2. to move through the air 飞行 fold v. to turn, bend, or press back one part of something and lay on the remaining part 折叠;合拢

to come next in order (表示时 间,次序等)接着 fond adj. loving in a kind, gentle, or tender way 喜爱的; 爱好的 syn: doting be fond of like 喜欢;爱好

foot (feet) n. 1. the movable part of the body at the end of the leg, below the ankle, on which a person or animal stands 脚;足 2. 12 inches or about 0.305 metres 英寸 on foot (by) walking 步行;走路

for a while 暂时;一刻 for free 免费 for one thing 首先 forbid v. to command not to do something 禁止;不许 syn: prohibit ant: permit force v. to use bodily force or strong influence on 强迫;迫使 syn: compel

food n. something that living creatures or plants take into their bodies to give them strength and help them to develop and to live 食物;食品; 养料 fool n. a silly person 傻子;蠢的 syn: idiot ant: wiseman

football n. a ball game between two teams of eleven players, using a round ball which is kicked but not handled 足球运 动;足球 syn: soccer for prep. 1. shows purpose (说 明目的或用途)为…… 2. instead of 代替;帮助

foreign adj. of a country or nation that is not one?s own 外 国的 syn: domestic forest n. (a large area of land thickly covered with) trees and bushes 森林;丛林 forever adv. = for ever future time 永远;永久 syn: always; ever for all

syn: lap ant: unfold follow v. to come or go after 跟 随;随后

foolish adj. without good sense; stupid; laughable 傻的;愚蠢的 syn: stupid ant: sensible

3. in favor, support 赞成;支持 4. towards (表示方向)往;向
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forget v. to fail to remember 忘 记;忘掉 ant: remember forgive v. to say or feel that one is no longer angry about and/or wishing to give punishment to (sb.) for (sth.) 原谅;宽恕 syn: pardon fork n. an instrument for holding food or carrying it to the mouth, having a handle at one end with two or more points at the other 叉; 餐叉;路, ( 词等)岔口 form n. shape; appearance 形 状;形式;种类 syn: shape v. 1. to take or make into a shape 形成 2. organize 组织

syn: organize; shape fortnight n. two weeks 十四的; 两个星期 fortunate adj. having or bring good fortune; lucky 幸运的;侥 幸的 fortunately adv. by chance; luckily 幸运地 syn: luckily fortune n. luck 运 气 ; 好 运 wealth 财产 syn: luck; wealth forty num. (the number)40 四 十 forward adj. towards the front, the end, or the future 向前;前 进;将来;今后 syn: advancing ant: backward good

found v. to start building (something large); establish 成 立;建立 syn: establish ant: destroy

3. not busy. 空闲的 syn: independent; released ant: bond set free free 释放;使自由

fountain n. a stream of water that shoots straight up into the air 喷泉 four num. (the number)4 四 fourth num. 4th 第四 fox n. a small doglike European wild animal with reddish fur, which is hunted in Britain and is often said to have a clever and deceiving nature 狐狸 France n. a republic in W. Europe 法兰西;法国 free adj. 1. Able to act as one wants 自由的 2. without payment of any kind 免费的

freedom n. the state of being free 自由 syn: independence bondage ant:

freeze v. (froze, frozen)to harden into or become covered with ice 结冰 French n. the language of France 法语 adj. belonged to France, its people 法国的;法国人的 Frenchman (pl. Frenchmen) n. man of French birth or nationality 法国人

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frequent adj. common; found or happening; often 经常的;频 繁的 syn: common; infrequent usual ant:

syn: confidant ant: enemy make friends to form a friendship or friendships 交朋 友 friendly adj. acting or ready to act as a friend 友好的 syn: kind; unfriendly amiable ant:

2. using; out of 由 3. shows separation, difference or taking away 表距 离,差异 from now on in future 从此以 后;今后 from then on 从那时开始;从那 时起 from…to… 从……到…… front n. the most forward position, part, or surface, furthest form or opposite to the back 前部;前面 in front of towards or outside the front of 在……前面 fruit n. the part of tree or bush that contains seeds, esp. considered as food 水果;果实 fry v. to be cooked in hot fat or oil 油煎;油炒;油炸

fuel n .material that is used for producing heat or power by burning 燃料 full adj. 1. filled completely; holding as much or as many as possible 满的;充满的 2. complete 完全的 syn: complete ant: empty be full of be filled with 充满…… 的 fun n. amusement; enjoyment; pleasure 有趣的事;玩笑;娱乐 syn: amusement; enjoyment; pleasure make fun of poke fun of; laugh rather unkindly at 取笑(某人) ; 开……的玩笑 funny adj. amusing; causing laughter 滑稽可笑的;古怪的
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frequently adv. often 经常地; 频 繁地 syn: often ant: rarely; seldom fresh adj. not long gathered, caught, produced, etc, and therefore in good condition 新 鲜的;无经验的;不熟练的 syn: new ant: stale Friday n. the 6th day of the week 星期五 Fridge (refrigerator) n. ice box 冰箱 friend n. a person whom one knows well and likes, but who is not related 朋友

friendship n. the condition of sharing a friendly relationship; feeling and behaviour that exists between friends 友谊;友 好 syn: friendliness animosity ant:

frighten v. to fill with fear 使惊 恐;吓唬 syn: terrify from prep. 1. starting at 从…… 起

syn: amusing fur n. a hair-covered skin of certain animals, used for clothing 皮;毛皮;皮子 furniture n. all large or quite large movable articles, such as beds, chairs, tables, etc, that are placed in a house, room, or other area(总称)家具 further adj. & adv. (comparative of fur) 更 远 的 (地) ;较远的(地) 更进一步的 ; (地) syn: farther future n. time yet to come 将 来;未来 in (the) future = from now on 以后;将来 gain[gein] v. to obtain or achieve something important or valuable 赢得,挣得

n. [C,U] an increase in the amount or level of something 收益,获利 syn. get ant. lose game[geim] n. 1. activity or sport 运动 2. part of a match 比赛 3. children's game 游戏 syn. sports adj.: willing to try something dangerous, new or difficult 雄 纠纠的,兴致勃勃的,关于野味的 syn. play, match, amusement garage['g ra:d ] n. 1. a building for keeping a car in, usually next to a house 汽车库(间) 2. a place where motor vehicles are repaired or maintained 汽

车修理厂 garden ['ga:dn] n. especially BrE a piece of land around or next to one?s house where there is usually lawn and area where flowers, plants, or vegetables are grown 花(果、菜)园 gardening 园艺学 syn. yard gate [geit] n. 1. a frame that one can open and close to get through a fence, wall, a building etc at the entrance to a place 大门 2. the place where one leaves an airport building to get onto a plane. 登机口 gate keeper 看门人 gate-leg-table 折叠式桌子 gate way 门口、入口、方法、手 段 2. cheerful and excited 快乐的, 愉快的 syn.door (such a structure for a room) gather['g ] v. 1. to come together and form a group 聚集 2. to know something or think something is true, because of something that you have heard or seen 得出(印象、想法等) ;推 测 3. to search for things of the same type in several different places and collect them together 搜集,采集 syn. collect, come together, know/think ant. scatter gay [gei] adj. 1. bright or attractive 鲜明的,鲜艳的

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n. gayness[U] 快乐,愉快 generally speaking 一般说来 general['d en r l] adj.. describing only the main features of something, not the details. 一般的普通的 n. [C] an officer of very high rank in the army or air force 将 军 as a general rule 一般说来; general information 一般知识 generation gap 代沟 general idea 大意 future generations 后代 in general 总得来说 generally['d en r li] adv.. 1. in a general way, considering without details or specific cases 一般地 2. by or to most people 广泛地、 普遍地 3. usually or most of the time 通常 gentle adj. 1. kind and careful in your character or behavior and not at all violent or unpleasant 温柔的,高雅的,好 心的 2. not strong, loud, forceful or extreme 不猛烈的 3. a gentle wind or rain is soft and light 柔和的 geography n. [U] the study of the countries, seas, rivers, towns etc. of the world 地理,地 理学 German n. 1. [C] someone who comes from Germany 德国人(pl. Germans) 2. [U] the language of Germany, Austria, and parts of Switzerland 德语 sym. gentry syn. usually widely syn. mild / soft generation[,d en 'rei n] n.[C] (pl. generations) 1. all people of about the same age 一代 2. all the members of a family of about the same age ant. rough, intemperate, hard gentleman n. a man who always behaves towards other people in a polite and honourable way and who can be trusted to keep his promises, 绅士,先生 (pl. gentlemen) get v. past tense: got[g t] past participle: got,gotten 1. receive/obtain 得到,获得 2. move/go/travel 移动,到达 3. have/own 有,具有 4. become/make sth. become 变得(作连系动词,可跟 adj.、过 去分词、现在分词、名词或动词等) 5.understand 懂得,明白 ant. Give, leave, lose get along(with) (prep.)(与人)和 睦相处; (事情)进展 get away (adv.) 逃走,离开 get back (adv.) 取回,返回 4. a gentle hill or slope is not steep or sharp 不陡的 adj.. 德国人的,德语的 Germany n. 德国,德意志

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get down (adv.) 降下,下车 2. a natural ability 天资 get in (prep.) 乘车(出租车、小汽 车, 而乘火车、 bus、 船等用 get on) get off (adv./prep.) 从...下来,下 车 get on (adv./prep.) 上车 AMT get off get on well with sb. …(prep.) 与...相处融洽 syn. get along well with… get through (prep.) 打通 (电话) , 通过 get together 相聚,聚会,联欢 get up (adv.) 起床 gift n. (c.) (pl. gifts) 1. object: something that you give someone on a special occasions or to thank them 礼 物 give out (adv.) 用完,耗尽,筋疲 力尽 give up (adv.) 放弃(可接动名词) glad adj.. (gladder, gladdest) pleased and happy about something 高兴的,乐意的

syn. happy ant. sad sym. present, talent girl n. [C] (pl. girls) a female child 女孩 give v. (gave, given) 1.provide/supply 提供,给 2.tell sb. sth./provide information 告 诉 某 人 某 事 / 提 供信息 3.do sth. 举行,举办 give back (adv.) 归还,送回 2. [U] a transparent solid substance, for example used for making windows and bottles 玻璃 3. [pl.] a set of two pieces of specially cut glass in a frame, which one wears in order to see more clearly. 眼镜 glance [gla:ns] v. (always +adv./prep.) to quickly look at someone or something once 匆匆一看,一弊 n. a quick look 一瞥 syn. glimpse

syn. spectacles globe n. 1. [C] a round object with a map of the earth drawn on it 地球仪 2. the world 地球 glove n. [C]hand wear, especially one which has separate parts for each finger 手套 syn. mitten

glass [gla:s] n. 1. [C] (pl. glasses) a container used for drinking, made of glass; or the drink in it 玻璃杯

go vi (went[went], gone[g n] 1.to move away from speaker 去,走,前往 the

2.to be in or pass into a particular state 变成,成为 3.reach 到达 syn. leave, depart ant. come

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go away (adv.) 离开 go back (adv.) 回去 go by (adv.) (时间)过去,经过(地 点) go fishing/shopping/skating/swi mming 去钓鱼/买东西/滑冰/游 泳 go for a walk 出去散步 go on (adv.) 继续,发生 go on doing sth. 继续做某事(前 后是同一件事) go on with one's work 继续做某 事 go out (adv.) (灯、火)熄灭 go over (adv.) 复习、检查 goal n. 1. [C]something that one hopes to achieve in the future 目标 2. [C, U] the colour of the metal 金黄色 3. adj. 金色的 2.someone or something to which one gives too much importance or respect. 上帝 gold n. 1. [C] a valuable soft yellow metal that is an element (=simple substance) and is used for making coins, jewelry etc. 黄金 2. of the right kind 高尚品质的 3. healthy 健康的 n. gain or adv. advantage 利益, 好处 syn. well, fine ant. bad, ill, sick be good at 善于..., 在...方面(学 得,做得)好 2. the action of making the ball go into the scoring 球门 syn. aim goat n. [C] an animal a little like a sheep that can climb steep hills and rocks 山羊 god n. 1. [C] a male Being who is believed to control the world or part of it, or represents a particular quality 神 2. made of gold 金子的,具有金 子特点的 syn. gold good adj. best[best] (better ['bet ], golden [g uld n] adj.. 1. having a bright, rich, yellow colour, like gold 金黄色的

goodbye interjection n. (c.) used when one is leaving or being left by someone 再见 syn. farewell, bye-bye goods n.(pl.) things that are produced in order to be sold 货 物(只有复数形式,不能用数词及 many 修饰,作主语时谓语动词用复 数形式) goose n.1. [C] (pl. geese[gi:s]) a bird that is similar to a duck but larger ad makes a hissing or honking 鹅 2. (u.) meat of this bird as food 鹅肉 government n. [C] (pl. governments) the group of people who govern a country or state 政府 grade v. to separate things, or arrange them in order according to their quality or rank. 划分等级
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1. of a high standard 好的

n. standard 1. [C, U] a particular, standard or level of quality that a product, material etc has 等级 2. school year: (c.) a particular year of a school course in the American school system 学年 gradually adv.. in a way that happens or develops slowly over a long period of time 逐渐 地 graduate ['gr djueit] n. someone who has completed a university degree course, especially for a first degree 大 学毕业生 v. 1. to obtain a degree, especially a first degree, from a college or university 得学位 2. to complete one?s education at high school 毕业 graduation [,gr dju'ei n] 1. [C]

the time when one completes a university degree course or one?s education at an American high school 毕业 2. [U] a ceremony at which university degree or diploma is given to students who have completed their courses or school education in American high school or university 毕业 典礼,授学位典礼 grain [grein] n. 1. [C] the seeds of crops such as corn, wheat, or rice that are 谷物,谷类 2. [C] a single seed of corn, wheat etc 谷粒 syn. corn

of these rules 语法(学), 文法(学); 语法规则 2. [C] a particular description of grammar or a book that describes grammar rules 语法 书 grand adj. 1. a grand building, occasion etc is very impressive 雄伟的,宏大的 2. a grand plan or idea aims to achieve something very impressive 重要的,极好的,美 妙的 3. people who are grand are rich and important but often too proud 自负的,傲慢的 syn. magnificent, splendid

grandfather n. the father of one?s father or mother (外)祖父 grandmother n. the mother of one?s mother or father (外)祖母 grandson n. [C] the son of one?s son or daughter (外)孙 grass n. 1.[U] a very common plant with thin green leaves that grows in fields and is eaten by animals such as the sheep, the cow and the horse (青)草,草地,牧场 2. (c.) a particular kind of grass 一种草 syn. weed great adj. 1. very good 美妙的 2. a lot/very much(数量)极大的, (时间)久的 3. large 伟大的,大的 4. important 重大的
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[C] tiny, hard bit e.g. a grain of sand 一粒沙子 grammar n. 1. [C] the rules by which words change their forms and are combined into sentences, or the study or use

ant. petty, modest, mean grand daughter n. [C] the daughter of one?s son or daughter (外)孙女

syn. big ant. little greatly adv. (formal, usually before verb or participle) extremely or very much 大大地, 非常 Greek n. 1. [U] the language of modern or ancient Greece 希腊 语 2. [C] native of Greece 希腊人 adj. from or connected with Greece 希腊的,希腊人的,希腊 语的 green adj. 1. having the colour of grass or leaves 绿色的 2. very young or not ready to be eaten 未熟的,生的 n. [C, U] the colour of grass and leaves 绿色

greet v. 1. to say hello to someone or welcome them 致 敬,欢迎 2. [always + adv./prep.] to react to something in a particular way: be greeted with 后面常接副词或介词 syn. salute greeting 1. [C] words one uses or something one does when one meets someone 问候,欢迎 辞 2. (usually plural) a message saying that one hopes someone will be happy, healthy etc.(常 用复数)祝贺语 gray/grey adj. having the colour of black mixed with white, like the colour of ash 灰 色的,灰暗色的,灰白色的 n. Am.E n. [C,U] the colour of smoke and rain clouds 灰色

ground n. 1. earth surface, open space for games 地面 2. subject 研究的科目,话题 3. area 地区、区域 syn. earth, soil groundfloor [C] especially Br.E the floor of a building that is at ground level (英国楼房的)底层 group n.[C] 1. several people or things that are all together in the same place 群、批、簇 2. several people or things that are connected with each other in some way (小)组,团体 syn. crowd, gang grow [gr u] grown[gr un] v. (grew[gru:],

2. plants/crops: to exist and develop somewhere in a natural way 生长 3. to make plants or crops grow by taking care of them 种植,栽 4. link v. to become old etc over a period of time 变得 syn. become grow up: develop from being a child to being an adult 成熟,成 年 guard [ga:d] n. 1. someone whose job is to guard a place, or object in order to protect them from attack or from thieves 哨兵,警卫员 2. someone whose job is to guard prisoners and prevent them from escaping 看守,警戒 3. someone whose job is to be responsible for guarding a
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1. person/animal: to become bigger and develop over a period of time 成长,发育,发展

place or person for a specific period of time 守卫 bodyguard 贴身警卫/保镖 v. to protect a person, place or valuable object by staying near them and watching them 保护, 守卫 guess v. 1.to try to answer a question or make a judgement about something without having all the necessary facts or careful thoughts 猜 2. guess correctly: to guess something correctly 猜中,猜对 syn. suppose guest [gest] n.[C]1. someone who is staying in someone else's home because they have been invited 客人,宾客 2. someone who is paying to stay in a hotel guest house 招

待所 syn. visitor guide n. [C] 1. someone who shows visitors the way to a place, especially someone whose job is to show a place to tourists 领路人,导游,向导 2. something that provides information on which judgement can be made 指南, 指导 3. a book that provides information on a particular subject or explains how to do sth. 入门书,手册, (旅行游览) 指南 syn. conduct, show ant. follow gun[g n] n. [C] 1. a weapon from which bullets or shells are fired 枪,炮 direct, lead, 2. a tool used to send out a liquid such as paint, grease, or glue, by pressure 喷枪 habit n. something you do regularly 习惯 SYM: custom practice be in the habit of 有...的习惯 fall/get into the habit of 养成... 的习惯 hair n. [u] 1. the mass of things like fine threads that grows on your head. 头发 2. [c] one of the long fine things like thread that grows on people's head and on other parts of their bodies, or similar things that grow on animals. 毛,茸毛 keep one's hair on 保持冷静 get in (out of) sb's hair 惹恼(停 止惹恼)某人 haircut 理发 half 1. n. pron. plural halves[ha:vs] [h vz]) [c] 50% either of the two equal parts into which something is divided or can be divided. 半, 一半

2. predeterminer, adj [only before noun] being half of an amount, time, distance, number etc. 一半的 half an hour 半小时 half-hearted 半心半意的, 不认真 的 half-pay 半薪 hall n. [c] 1. the area just inside the door of a house or other building that leads to other rooms. 门厅 SYM: hallway 2. a passage in a building or house that leads to manyof the rooms. 走廊 SYM: corridor 3. a building or large room for public events such as meetings or dances. 会堂,礼堂,大厅 ham n. 1. [c,u] the upper part of a pig's leg that has been preserved with salt or smoke, or the meat from this. 火腿 ※ 2. informal an actor who performs with too much false emotion 拙劣的表演者 ※3. [c] someone who receives and sends radio messages for
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fun rather than as their job. 无 线电收发报业余爱好者 ham-handed 笨手笨脚的 hammer n. [c] 1. a tool with a heavy metal part on a long handle, used for hitting nails into wood. 铁锤 2. a tool like this with a wooden head used to make something flat, make a noise etc. 木槌 v. to hit something with a hammer. 锤打 hammer-headed 有锤状头的, 愚 笨的 hammer-head 愚笨,锤头 hand n. 1. part of the body 手 2. help/work 帮助 3. skillful 手艺,才能 4. a long thin piece of metal that points at the numbers on a clock(钟表) 指针 v. to pass something to some one else 传递 by hand 用手,手工 hand in 交进(上)来,交纳 hand out 分发 on the one hand...on the other hand 一方面...另一方面 hand down 把...传下去

hand in hand 并进,联合 hand bag 手提包 handkerchief n. [c] a piece of cloth or thin soft paper for drying your nose or eyes. 手 帕,手绢 handsome adj. 1. a man who is handsome is attractive(指男 子), 漂亮的,清秀的 SYM: good-looking 2. a woman who is handsome is attractive in a strong healthy way. 端庄的,温 雅的 SYM: beautiful 3. an object, building etc that is handsome is attractive in an impressive way. 物体建筑, 堂皇的,美观的 AMT: ugly hang vi, vt 1. (hung; hung) a. to fix or put something in a position so that the bottom part is free to move and does not touch the ground. 悬挂 b. to fix a picture, photograph

etc to a wall, or to be fixed this way. 挂 2. kill/be killed past tense and past participle: (hanged) to kill someone by dropping them with a rope around their neck or to die in this way, especially as a punishment for a serious crime. 吊死,绞死 hangman 刽子手 hang over 遗留物 happen vi. 1. if an event or situation happens, it exists and continues for a period of time, especially without being planned first. (偶 然)发生 2. to be caused as the result of an event or action 发生 3. to do or have something by chance 碰巧 happen to do something 碰巧做 某事 It happens that .... : By chance, it is true that sb/sth. happens to be 某人/某

物碰巧... SYM: occur. take place happy['h pi] adj. 1. having feelings of pleasure for example because something good has happened to you. 幸福的,幸运的 2. a happy time, place, occasion etc is one that makes you feel happy. 愉快的, 快乐的 3. satisfied or not worried: [+about]: (感到)愉快 的,乐意的 happy-go-lucky 逍遥自在的,无 忧无虚的 SYM: glad, cheerful joyful, merry pleasant AMT: unhappy, cheer less, sad, unpleasant, sorrowful n. happiness 幸福,幸运 adv. happily 幸福地,幸运地,愉 快地,恰当地 hard[ha:d] adj. 1. firm to touch 硬 AMT: soft 2. difficult to do and understand. 困难的 AMT: easy
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adv. 1. using energy/effort 努 力地 2. with force 猛烈地 hardly['ha:dli] adv. 1. almost not 几乎不,简直不 2. used to say that something had only just happened or someone had only just done sth. 刚刚,才 hardly...when...刚...就... harvest['ha:vist] n. 1. [c,u] the time when crops are gathered from the fields, or the act of gathering them. 收获,收割 2. [c] the size or quality of the crops that have been gathered. 收成,产量 SYM: crop v. to gather crops from the fields 收割,收获 hat[h t] n. [c] a piece of clothing that you wear on your head. 帽 子 SYM: cap my hat (表惊讶)啊! keep sth. under one's hat 保秘

take off one's hat to 向...(脱帽) 致敬 hate[heit] [T not in progressive] 1. to dislike someone very much and feel angry towards them. 憎恨 某人 2. to dislike sth. very much 讨 厌某事 n. [u]an angry unpleasant feeling that someone has when they hate someone and want to harm them. 怨恨,憎恶 SYM: disgust, dislike, detest AMT: love like hateless 不憎恨的 hater n. 怀恨者 have[h v][h v] auxiliary verb past tense had[h d,h d], third person singular present tense has[h z, h z], negative short forms haven't[h v nt], hadn't[h dn't] hasn't['h z nt] 1. used with the past participle

of another verb to make the perfect tense of that verb. 助动 词构成完成时态 have been to 去过 have gone to 已经去了 had better (+do, not do sth.) 最 好做(不做)某事 2. v [t not usually in passive] ⑴include/contain/own 有 ⑵ a word meaning to do something used in certain phrases. have a look/walk... 进行... ⑶eat/drink/smoke 吃,喝 ⑷ to suffer from a disease, injury or pain 遭受 ⑸have/got to do sth. 不得不做 某事 SYM: must ⑹have sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 ⑺have sth. done 使某物,遭受, 让,招致 ⑻have sb. doing sth. 让某人一 直做某事,使某物... ⑼have sth. on 穿着,戴着 ⑽have...on 有事,有约会 ⑾have to do with 与...有关 ⑿have a gift for 对...有天赋 SYM: own posses he[hi:]pron[used as subject of a

verb] 主格 1. used to talk about a male person or animal that has already been mentioned or is already known about. 他 2. used to talk about anyone, everyone, or an unknown person who may be either male or female 某人,任何人 head[hed] n. 1. top of body 头 2. mind 头脑,才智 3. top person 首脑,首长 v. 1. be in charge also head up. [T] to be in change of a government, organization, or group of people. 率领 2. [I,T] to go or make something go in a particular direction. (朝某个方向)前进 use one's head 动脑筋 headache 头痛 have a headache(患)头痛 headline(报刊的)大字标题 head master 校长 keep one's head 保持镇静 head teacher 中小学班主任 (Pl. head teachers) SYM: chief
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health[hel ] n. 1. your physical condition and how healthy you are 健康状况 2. the state of being healthy 兴 旺,健康 in good(poor) health 身体好(不 好) drink(to) sb's health 举杯祝某人 健康 healthy adj. 健康的 SYM: sound, well AMT: unhealthy, ill, sick hear[hi ] v. past tense and past participle: heard[h :d] [I, T in progressive] to know that a sound is being made, using your ears 听 hear of 听说(人) hear about 听说(物) hear from 收到...来信 hearing 听力 hearing aid 助听器 hearer 听的人,旁听者 SYM: listen heart[ha:t] n. 1. [c] body organ: the organ in your chest which pumps

blood through your body 心脏 2. [c] emotions /love 感情,爱 情 3. from the heart 心肠,内心 4. the middle part of an area 中心 SYM: center, middle heartily adv. 衷心地,亲切地 heartless adj. 无情的,残忍的 hearty adj. 衷心的,亲切的 learn/know sth.by heart 记住 某事 heart and soul 全心全意地 heat[hi:t] n. [u] warmth or hotness 热度,热 v. to make something become warm or hot 把...加热 heat-rash 痱子 heat-spot 雀斑 heat-stroke 中暑 heat wave 热浪 heating a. 加热的,供暖的 heaven[`hev n] n. 1. also Heaven[singular] the place where God is believed to live and where good people are believed to go when they die. 天国

AMT: hell 2. [u] informal, a very good situation or place 极乐之地 3. the heavens literary the sky 天空 SYM: sky AMT: earth in Heaven 在天国 in heaven 高兴之极 in the heavens 在天上 By Heaven 老天在上(赌咒时用 语) heavenly adj. 天的,天空的 adv. 极,无比地 heavy[`hevi] adj. heavier, heaviest 1. weighing a lot 重的,重型的 2. a lot 大量的,多的 3. serious or severe 严重的,严 肃的 heavy-handed 笨手笨脚的 heavy-hearted 心情沉重的 adv. 沉重地,笨重地 AMT: light height[hait] n. 1. [u] tall 高,高 度 2. [c] distance above the ground 距地面的距离 3. high place (plural heights]

高处,高地 heighten Vt. 加高,提高,增加, 增大 Vi. 变大, (颜色)变深 hello[h 'l u, hel u] also hallo, hullo, interjection 1. used as a usual greeting (用 于打招呼)喂 2. used when answering the telephone or starting a telephone conversation. (打电话或开始打电话用语)喂 3. used when calling to get someone's attention (唤起某人注意的)叫声 say hello to 向...问好 help[help] v. [I,T] to make it possible or easier for someone to do something by doing part of their work or by giving them something they need. 帮助 n. [u] the action of helping someone by doing part of their work or by showing them how to do it. 帮助 help oneself to 自取,随便吃
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help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某 事 help...out 帮助某人解决困难 can't help doing sth. 禁不住做 某事 helpful adj. 有用的,有帮助的 helpless adj. 无助的,无用的,未 收到帮助的 helper 帮手,助手 SYM: assist, give/lend a hand, help out, come to somebody's aid, assistance, aid, give/ send aid her[h :,h ] 1. determiner[possessive form of she], she 的物主代词 a. belonging to or connected with a woman, girl or female animal that has been mentioned or is known about. (指女性,雌性)她的 b. connected with a country, ship, car,etc that has been mentioned. (指国家、 船只、 车等)她的 2. pron [object form of 'she'] she 的宾格 a. a woman, girl, or female

animal that has been mentioned or is known about. (女性,雌性)她 b. a country, ship, car etc that has been mentioned (指国家、船只、车辆等)她 herself 她自己 hers (名词性物主代词)她的 hi[hai] interjection informal hello 嗨(表示问候或用以唤起注 意) SYM: hello hide[haid] v. past tense hid past participle: hidden['hidn] 1. Vt to deliberately put or keep something/sb. in a place where it/he cannot easily be seen or found. 把...藏起来,隐藏 2. Vi to go or stay in a place where you hope no one will find you. 躲藏,隐藏 n. 1. BrE a place from which you can watch animals or birds without being seen by them 躲 藏处 2. an animal's skin, especially when it has been removed to be used for leather. 兽皮,皮

革 hide and seek 捉迷藏 SYM: conceal AMT: reveal, disclose high[hai] adj. 1. measurement/distance 高的 2. large amount/number (程度, 数量,大小等)高度的, 强烈的,很大的,非常的 3. important(指等级、质量)高 级的、高等的 adv. 高,高价地,高额地 high-rise adj. 多层的,高层的 high-rise block 高楼、大厦 SYM: tall AMT: low hill[hil] n. [c] 1. an area of land that is higher than the land around it, like a mountain but smaller. 小山 2. a slope on a road 丘陵,斜坡 SYM: mount, mountain him[him] pron object form of he. he 的宾格 himself 他自己 hire[hai ] v. [T] 1. BrE to pay money to borrow something for a period of hours or days. 租 2. to employ someone for a

short time to do a job for you 雇 n. [u] 1. BrE an arrangement by which you borrow something for a short time in exchange for money. 租用,雇用 2. old use wages 租金,工钱 hirer 雇主,租借者 SYM: employ his[hiz] 1. determiner[possessive form of 'he'] 他的(他的物主代词) 2. pron [possessive form of 'he'] 他的(他的名词性物主代词) history['hist ri] n. 1. [u] all the things that happened in political, social, or economic development of a nation 历史 2. [u] the study of history, especially as a subject in school or university 历史,历史学 3. if someone has a history of illness, problems, or criminal activity, these things have happened to them or been done by them
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in the past. 过去事物的记载,来历 make history 做出永垂史册的事 情 hit[hit] v. past tense and past participle: hit present participle: hitting 1. touch sb./sth. hard 打,击中 2. hit/crash into sth. 撞 n. [c usually singular] 1. a quick, hard touch with your hand or something you are holding. 一击,击中 3. something such as a piece of music, a film, or a play that is extremely popular. 风行 一时的作品(或电影、歌曲、 演出等) hit and miss 碰巧的,有时打中, 有时打不中 hit and run (汽车驾驶员)闯祸 挑走的 SYM: beat AMT: miss(没 中) hold[h uld] v. past and past participle: held[held] 1. Vt to have something firmly in your hand or arms.

拿着,握住,夹住 2. Vt to have a particular job or position, especially an important or powerful one. 担 任要职 3. keep/control 抑制,约束 n. [c,u] action of holding something 抓住,握住 hold one's breath 屏住气 catch hold of 握,抓住 SYM: take hold of hold back (adv.) 阻止 hold one's head high 昂首, 趾高 气扬 hold out 伸出 hold out one's hand/hold up (adv) 举起 hold up 阻挡,使停顿 hold on 等一等(别挂电话) hole[houl] n. [c] 1. space in something solid 坑 2. space something can go through 洞 3. animal's home 洞穴 SYM: cave den holiday['h lidi][h l di] n. 1. BrE also holidays. a time of rest from work, school etc. 休假日

2. a period of time when you travel to another place for pleasure. 假 期 3. a day fixed by law on which people do not have to go to work or school. 节日 on holiday 休假 SYM: vocation, festival home[h um] n. [c,u] 1. place where you live 家,住宅 2. family 家庭 adj. [only before noun] 1. connected with or belonging to your home or family 家庭的 2. connected with a particular country, as opposed to foreign countries 本国的 adv. to or at the place where you live 在家,到家 at home 在家(里) go home 回家 homeland 祖国 homework 家庭作业 do one's homework 做家庭作业 SYM: family

honest[' nist] adj. 1. someone who is honest does not lie or steal, etc 诚实的 2. not hiding the truth or the facts about something 真正的,纯正的 adv. honestly 诚实地 n. honesty 诚实 to be honest 老实说 honour[' n ]n. honor AmE[' n ] [u] the respect that you, your family, your country etc receive from other people, which makes you feel proud 荣誉,光荣 v. 1. be/feel honoured to feel very proud/pleased 使增光,给...以荣誉 2. to treat someone with special respect 尊敬 adj. honourable 荣誉的,光荣的 in honour of 为...表示敬意,为了 纪念... SYM: fame, reputation hope[houp] v. [I,T] to want something to happen or be true, and to believe it is possible 希望
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n. [u] a feeling of wanting something to happen, and a belief that it is likely to happen. 希望,期望 in the hope of 怀着...的期望 adv. hopefully 有希望地 adj. hopeless 绝望的,无望的 adj. hopeful 有希望的 SYM: wish, expect horse[h :s] a large strong animal that people ride on and use for pulling heavy things. 马 horse-race 赛马 horse-drawn 用马拉的 horse back 马背 hospital['h spitl] n. [c,u] a large building where sick or injured people are looked after and receive medical treatment. 医院 be in hospital 住院 hot[h t] adj. hotter hottest high temperature 热的 hot dog n. 热狗(红肠面包) hot spring 温泉 hotel[hou'tel] n. [c] a building where people pay to stay and eat

meals 旅馆 stay at hotel 呆在旅馆 hour ['au ] n. [c] 60minutes 小 时 house[haus] plural houses ['hauziz] a building that you live in, especially one that has more than one level and is intended to be used by one family. 房子 housewife ['hauswaif] [c] 家 庭 主妇 housework['hausw k] [u] 家 务 活 SYM: family how[hau] adv. 1. questions: used to ask about (what way or what method; the amount, size, degree etc of something; someone's health or about the feeling; someone's opinion or their experience of something; the way something looks. behaves or is expressed). (表示方法、手段、程度、数量、 状态、观点、经验、印象) 怎样如何

2. emphasize: used before adjective or adverb to emphasize the quality you are mentioning. (表示感叹)多么 how much 多少(修饰不可数 n.) how many 多少(修饰可数 n.) how old 几岁 how about...怎么样(后接 n,动名 词) how far 多远 how long 多久 however[hau'ev ] adv. 1. used when you are adding a fact or piece of information that seems surprising, or seems to disagree with what you have just said. 可是,仍然 SYM: but 2. however hard/serious/long/carefully etc it makes no difference how hard, serious, long, carefully 无论如何 conj. in whatever way 不管用什 么方法

huge['hju:d ] adj. extremely large 巨大的,庞大的 SYM: big AMT: tiny hundred['h ndr d] number 100: 百 a hundred years 一百年 hundreds of 数以百计的 hunger['h g ] n. [u] lack of food, especially for a long period of time, that can cause illness or death. 饥饿 SYM: starvation hungry['h ri] adj. wanting to eat something 饥饿的 hungrily adv. 饥饿地 AMT: full hurry['h ri] v [I,T] to do something or go somewhere more quickly than usual, especially because there is not much time. 赶紧,匆忙 hurry up 赶紧,快点 n. to do sth, go somewhere, need something etc more quickly than usual, often too quickly. 仓促,慌忙 in a hurry 仓忙地 SYM: haste
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hurt[h :t] v. (hurt, hurt) 1. [I,T] if a part of your body hurts, you feel pain in it. 疼痛,伤害 2. [I,T] to make someone feel very upset, unhappy, sad etc. 使沮丧 SYM: injure, wound husband[h z b nd] n. [c] the man that a woman is married to 丈夫 take a husband 嫁人 I pron. the person who is speaking 我 (用做句子的主语) ice n. solid frozen water 冰, 冰块 (不可数名词, 表示“若干冰块” 可用单位 量词,如:three blocks of ice; 与数词连用表示“若干份”冰淇淋) Three ices,please!即:Three ice-creams,please! break the ice,打破沉默 idea n. a picture in the mind 主意,构想 ( idea 之后可接 of, about 或 for + doing sth.) have no idea = not understand, 后接 of .that 分句或 wh- 分句 idiom n. a phrase which means

something different from the meanings of the separate words 习语, 成语, 惯用语 idiomatic,adj. idiomatically adv. if conj. 1.如果,倘若,假如,是否 2.(用于虚拟语气结构)引导与现 在事实相反的条件句时,从句谓语 动词 用 were 或其他动词的过去式,主 句 谓 语 动 词 用 would/could/might + V.;引导与过去事实相反的条件句 时,从句谓语动词用过去完成时, 主 句用 would/should/might + V 现在完成时;引导与未来事实可能 相 反的条件句时,从句谓语动词用 should 或 were to + V.,主句用 should/would/could + V. ill adj. 1.not well in health 有病 的,不健康的 2.bad, harmful 不好的,有害的; syn. sick; ill—worse—worst , ill—formed, ill—treated. ant. healthy

illness n. disease 病 . 疾 病 sickness, disease ill, illnesses, an illness. illness 泛指一切疾病, 侧重于强调 病情和病程; Cf: disease 为医学术语,病情及 痛苦程度严重于 illness。 sickness 更加口语化, 多用于美国英语中。 imagine v. (不能用于进行时态) to form (a picture or idea) in the mind; to have an idea about 想 象,设想,以为 (不可以用动词不 定式充当宾语) imagination n. [C, U] the act of imagining or the ability to imagine 想象,想象力 immediate adj. (无比较级) done or needed at once; nearest 立即的,最接近的 immediately adv. at once 立即, 马上 at once; right away; in no time; suddenly important adj. having great effect, value, etc. 重大的,重要 的 unimportant adj.

importantly adv. Cf: considerable, remarkable, notable Importance n. the quality, state or reason of being important 重要,重大 Cf: unimportance, usefulness, greatness Impossible adj. not possible 不 可能的 Impossibility n. possible adj. syn. (unable 主 语 为 “ 人 ” , impossible 的主语为“物” improve v. to become better 改 进, 改善,更新 improves; improved; improving; improvement n 改良,进步 improve in 在某方面有所改进 improve on/upon 对......作出改 进 syn. mend, repair, correct in prep & adv. 1.在…..里面 2.(时间.地点)在 3.在某时期内 4. 用…...(语言) ;以…...方式 5.穿,戴 6.在…(情况)中 7.在内,在家
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8.(时间)在…之后 9.表示几分之几 inch n. a measure of length 英 寸 [Der.] inch, inch v. 使缓慢移动 every inch 彻底的; inch by inch 逐渐地; within an inch of 几乎,差一点 include v. (+ v-ing ) to have as a part; contain 包括,包含(侧重整体包容) includes, included, including, inclusion exclude 排除 Cf: contain 侧重表示数量,组成 成分 involve 强调包含的必然性 cover 侧重表示面积或范围 count in 侧重通过计算而包括 income n. payment, interest 收 入,收益,进款(常指由产业.商业. 劳动等所 得的报酬) Cf: earnings 一般的工资.薪水 salary 固定月 (周.三月.年) 工资 (通常指脑力劳动所得) wages 以小时, 周或工作量记的 合同工资 (通常指体力劳动所得) increase v. to make or become

larger in amount or number 增加,增长,增大; n. a rise in amount or numbers, etc. on the increase 逐 渐 增 加 ant. decrease increases, increased, increasing, increasingly Cf: add 增补,加上,附加 raise 指强度,力度,价值(格) 等提高(人为) rise 自然增加 put on 体重.数量增加 indeed adv. 1.( 答 语 ) yes, certainly 确实,的确,实在 2.确实,的确.真的 (用在 very 之 后,加强语气) 3.固然,虽然 independent adj. not needing other things or people; not governed by another country 独立的,有主见 的;有主权的 independently, adv; independence, n. dependent adj. 依赖的,依靠的 independence n. [U] the quality or state of being independent, freedom

独立,自主,自立 India n 印度 Indian adj 印度的,印度人的, 印第安人的 n. 印度人;印第安人 indirect adj not straight 间 接 的,迂回的,曲折的 indirectly adv. indirectness n. [u] direct industry n. 工业;产业 industries; industrial adj. Industrialize vt. 工业化; Industrialization n. 工业化 light and heavy industries 轻工 业和重工业 industrial adj. 1.of industry and the people who work in it 工业(界)的; 2.having highly developed industries 工业高度发达的 inform v. to tell, to give information to; 告知,通知,报 告 informing, information tell, report inform that/of; inform sb. (about) sth.

information n. (something that gives) knowledge in the form of facts. 信息、消息、情报、通知、报道 Cf: knowledge, message, report, announcement. injure v. to hurt 伤害,损害(泛 指大、小创伤) injured adj. having been hurt 受伤的 injury n. (injuries)(an example of) harm 受伤处,伤害 add insult to injury 倍加侮辱, 雪上加霜 Cf: wound (专指刀、枪伤) ink n. colored liquid used esp. for writing 墨水 insect n. a small creature with no bones and a hard outer covering, six legs, and a body divided into three parts, such as ant and fly 昆虫 insert v. to put something inside 插入 syn. enter, put in (into) inside n. the area within 里 面,内部; prep. adv. adj. within or into
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sth. 里面的,向内 inside out 把里面朝外 ant. outside ant. within insist v. I+(t hat)/on/upon; to declare firmly (when opposed ) 坚决主张,坚决认为 insist +on (doing sth.) 坚持,坚 持认为,坚决要求 inspire v. to encourage in (someone) the ability to act 鼓舞,激励,促使(后可接 to 或 动词不应式) syn. encourage, cheer instead adv. in place of that 代替,顶替,更换 instead of : in place of 代替 institute n. a society formed for a special purpose 学会、学院、研究所 syn. society, association, institution institution n. an organization which provides people with help, work, medical treatment or protection such as a school or hospital instruct v. to give knowledge or

information to or to give orders to 通 知、指示 n. instructor Cf: inform, teach, educate instruction n. teaching, order or advice Cf: direction, guidance, teaching instrument n. an object used to help in work 工具、仪器、乐器 Cf: tool; means intend v. to plan, to mean (可接 动词不定式或 that 从句)想要、打 算、计划 n. intention Cf: v. plan, mean interest n. a readiness to give attention 兴趣、爱好 v. to make (someone) feel interested 使感兴趣 a place of interest 名胜 take (great) interest in Cf: pleasure, amusement interesting adj. Keeping ones interest 有趣的,有意思的 interestingly adv. ant. uninteresting international adj. between

nations 国际的, 世界的 internationally adv. internationalism 国际主义 internationalize vt. 使国际化 interrupt v. (interrupted, interrupting, interruption) to break the flow of someone's speech or the flow (of sth. continuous) 插嘴, 打断,打扰 Cf: stop ant. uninterrupt interview n. a meeting where a person is asked questions 面谈, 会谈, 采访 v. to ask questions (of somebody) in an interview 面试, 采访中提问 (interviews, interviewer, interviewing, interviewed) into prep. 1.so as to be in or inside 进入内部,到…里面 2.so as to be 成为,转入 translate…into… change (turn)…into… get into trouble introduce v. (introduced, introducing ) 1.to make known by name for

the first time 介绍 2.to bring in for the first time 引进 introduction n. introduction n. 1. the act of introducing 介绍, 引导, 倡导 2. a written or spoken explanation at the beginning of a book or speech 引导, 开场 白 invite v. 1.to ask (sb.) to a social; occasion 邀请, 招待所 2.to ask for encourage (invites, invited, inviting, invitation) . invitation n. 1.a written request to go somewhere or to do sth. 2.the act of inviting 请柬, 邀请 iron n. 1. a kind of metal 铁 2. heavy flat-bottomed object used for making clothing and cloth smooth 熨斗 3.of great strength 刚强的意志 vt. to make (clothes) smooth with an iron 熨平,烫平 ironing board 熨衣板 irrigate v. to supply water to
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(dry land) 灌溉 (irrigates, irrigated, irrigating, irrigation) irrigation n. 灌溉 island n. A piece of land surrounded by water 岛,岛屿 traffic island (safety island) 安 全岛,安全地区(用于行人过马路 避车用) syn. isle n. (文学用语)岛,小 岛 islander n. People who live on an island 岛民 it pron. (used as subject or object) 它(用作主格,宾格) 1.作形式主语;2.指代时间、天气、 距离; 3.用于强调句式; 4.用于形式 宾语] its pron. (possessive form of "it") of that thing, animal, etc., already mentioned 它的 itself pron. 它自己, 它本身(反身 代词或用于加强语气) jacket n. a short coat with sleeves 上衣 jam n. fruit boiled and preserved in sugar and used esp. for spreading on bread

果酱(不可数) jelly 果冻 January n. (Jan. , Januarys )the first month of the year 一月;正月 Japan n. 日本。 Japanese adj. 日本的,日本人 的 n. 日语,日本人 jar n. a short-necked wide-mouthed pot made of glass, store, clay, etc. 罐子, 坛 子 jazz n. music originated by black Americans 爵士音乐 jewellery n. jewels (总称) 首 都. 珠宝(不可数) jewel n. 宝石 (可数) jeweller n. , 珠宝商 jewelry job n. 1. regular paid employment 工作,职业 2. a piece of work 活计 syn. work, labour, task, occupation profession join v. 1. to come or bring together; connect(with)连接,接 合 2. to take part together with 和……一起做同样的事,参加,加入 join in 参加(活动)

join the army 参军 join the club 加入俱乐部 join up 联合(连接)起来 syn. take part in, attend joke n. anything said or done to cause laughter or amusement 笑话,玩笑; v. to tell jokes 开玩笑,说笑话。 a joke, joked, joking, jokingly, joker joke with(about), no joke, play a joke on sb. 开某人的玩笑。 journalist n. a person whose profession is journalism 新闻工作者,新闻记者。 journalists, journalism 新闻业 journal (可数名词) 期刊, 杂志 journey n. a trip of some distance, usu. by land 旅行, 旅程 (常指陆上的; 长途的) a journey, journeys syn. travel (泛指旅行. 游历, 尤 指国外旅行, 无"路程"之义); trip (短期或短程旅行, 常可替换 "journey"或 voyage); tour (观光 旅行); excursion (群体性的娱乐 旅性); voyage (海上旅行) go on a journey; wake a journey to

joy n. great happiness 高 兴,快乐 joyful, joyfully, joyless, joyfulness syn. happiness, pleasure to one's joy 使人高兴的是 judge v. 1. to from or give an opinion about 评判,判断 2. to act as a judge(in) 审判, 判决 n. 1. a public official who has the power to decide questions brought before a court of law 法官,审判 员 2. a person who has the right or knowledge and experience to make a sound decision 裁判, 鉴常家 a judge, judges, judging, judged judgement n. an official decision given by a judge or a court of law 判决 judgment, see "judge" syn. decision, determination ant. misjudgment juice n. the liquid part of fruit, vegetables, and meat (果.
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蔬菜. 肉等的)汁, 液 juicy adj. having a lot of juice 多汁的 junior adj. & n. 1. younger 较年幼的,年少的 2. of /over rank or position 下 级的,职位低的 syn. smaller, lover, secondary ant. senior, superior July n. the seventh month of the year 七月 jump v. to push oneself into the air by the force of one's legs; spring 跳,跳跃 syn. hop, spring, leap, skip june n. the sixth month of the year 六月 just adv. 1. exactly at that time or please; exactly 正好,恰 恰是 2. almost not, hardly 刚刚,差 点不 3. only 仅仅 just as 正如, 恰恰 just now 刚才(常用于一般过去 时) just then 正在那时 only just 容易才…; 勉强

just about 几乎, 差不多 just 常 用 于 现 在 完 成 时 , just now 常用于过去时态。 justice n. 1. the quality of being just; rightness, fairness 正义,公正,公平,合理 2. a judge (美)法官 a justice, justices, justly do justice to someone, do someone justice 公平或公正对 待某人 kangaroo n. an Australian animal which jumps along on its large back legs and which carries its young in a special pocket of flesh 袋鼠 keep v. 1. to have without the need of returning 保留; 保有 2. to have for some time or for more time (暂时)保管; 有效 3. v.+ ing: to (cause to) stay, remain, or continue (使)保持;(使)持续(某一状态) 4. to take care of and provide with food, money, etc. 照顾;供 养 5. to own 经营;饲养 6. to hold back, prevent 耽误; 阻止

kept, keeping, keeps [-s] keep a record: to make regular written notes of 作记录 keep back: not to tell or give 隐 瞒; 保留 keep fit: to remain healthy keep in touch with: to continue connecting with keep off: to be away from keep on doing sth. to continue doing sth. keep one's balance: to cause to remain in an equal or proper state 保持平衡 keep one's promise: to fulfil what one claims 履行诺言 keep up: 1. to keep in good condition 保持 2. to continue 继续 keep alive: to remain alive 活下 来,继续活着 keep away: not to go closer 避 开,不接近 keep one's word: keep one's promise 守信用 keep up with: 跟上,不落后于 keeper n. a person who guards, protects, or look after 看守人, 看护员,管理员

door keeper 看 门 人 , 门 房 ; shopkeeper 店主,店东 key n. 1. an instrument to lock or unlock a door, start or stop a car engine, etc.钥匙 2. (与 to 连用)something that explains, answers, or helps you to understand 解答,答案 key figure n. an important person 关键人物 keyboard n. a row of keys on a musical instrument or machine 键盘 kg =kilogram(me) n. 1,000 grams 千克,公斤 kick n.&v. To hit with the foot or an act of kicking 踢 kill v. To cause to die 杀死,毁 掉(一般意义“使死亡”) killer 杀手,凶手 syn. murder 故 意 杀 人 ; slaughter, butcher 屠宰,屠杀, 滥杀无辜 kilo n. kilogram or kilometer 公斤,千克,公里,千米 kilometre n. (kilometer Am.E) 1,000 meters 公里,千米 kind adj. & n. 1. a group; type; sort 种; 类; 属
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2. interested in the happiness or feelings of others 友好的,和 善的 kind, kindness, kind-hearted adj.仁慈的 syn. Sort a kind of 一种的 all kinds of 各种各样的 of…kind… 种 (类) 属… 的, 一类 do sb. a kindness 帮某人忙, 做 一件好事 out of kindness 出于好心 kindergarten n. A school or class for children aged 4 to 6 before entering grade school 幼 儿园 king n. the male ruler of a country 国 王 the most important number of a group 首脑,最重要者 kingdom n. 1. a country governed by a king(or a queen) 王国 2. divisions of objects 领域,界 kiss v. & n. 1. to touch with the lips as a sign of love or as a greeting 吻,接吻 2. an act of kissing 吻

a kiss, kisses kiss sb. good-bye 吻别 kitchen n.a room used for cooking 厨房,灶间 kite n. a wooden or metal frame covered with paper or cloth for flying in the air at the end of a long string 风筝 knee n. The middle joint of the leg 膝盖 a knee, knees on one's knees 跪着 knife n. a blade used for cutting as a tool or weapon (有 柄)小刀 knives stick a knife in someone's back 背后捅刀; knife and fork 刀叉 knock v. to strike a blow; hit 打. 击. 敲 n.(the sound of) a blow 一击, 敲击声 syn. hit strike knock at 敲(门窗) knock into sb. 撞到某人身上, 偶然遇见 knock out of 从……中敲出来 knock down 撞倒,摧毁

knock over 击倒,打翻 know v. 1. to have information (about) in the mind 知道,了解 2. to have met or spoken to(someone) several times 认识, 熟识 3. to have seen, heard 听过,见 过 knew ,known ,knowing be known as 被称为,大家公认。 know about (of) 听说过。 knowledge n. 1. understanding 理解,了解,知道 2. learning 学识,学问,知识 3. information about 熟悉,见闻 knowledgeable adj. 知识渊博的 syn. understanding, learning koala n. an Australian tree-climbing animal like a small furry bear 考拉,树袋熊 Kph=kilometre(s) per hour 千 米/小时 Lab also laboratory n. a building or room which contains scientific apparatus and in which a scientist works 实验室;实验大 楼

labour/labor 1. work, esp. tiring physical work, or effort (尤指费力的)体力劳动 2. workers, esp. those who use their hands 劳力;工 人; (尤指)用手操作的工人 3. the act of giving birth 分娩 lack v. to be without; not have enough of 缺少;缺乏;短 缺 n. absence or need 缺少;缺 乏 ladder n. a frame with steps, used for climbing, as up a building or the side of a ship 梯子 lady n. 1. (polite) a woman, esp. a woman of good social position (雅)女士;夫人; (尤指)有社会 地位的贵妇人 2. also woman ( 亦 作 woman)-female 女性 lake n. a large mass of water surrounded by land 湖,湖泊 (比较 POND) lamb n. 1. a young sheep 小羊, 羔羊
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2. the meat of a young sheep 羔羊肉 lamp n. an apparatus for giving light, as from oil, gas, or electricity 灯,如油灯;煤气灯;电灯 land n. 1. the solid dry part of the earth?s surface 陆地 2. a part of the earth?s surface forming a political whole; country; nation 国土;国家 3. a part of the earth?s surface all of the same natural type 地带地球的表面与海洋比较时称为 land; 与天空比较时称为 earth; 被看 作财产的一 块地皮是 land; 生 长 植 物 的 土 地 称 为 ground, earth 或 soil。Ground 也指我们行走的 地面,但在室内就叫做 floor。 v. to come to, be to, or put on land 使上岸;登陆 landowner n. the owner of land 地主;土地所有者 language n. 1. the system of human expression by means of words in speech or writing 语言,文字

2. a particular system of words, as used by a people or nation 一个国家(或一个民族)的语言 3. any system of signs, movements, etc. used to express meanings or feelings (用以表达意义或感情的)一套符号 或动作 large adj. more than usual in size, number, or amount; big 大的;巨大的 last n., pron. 1. the person or thing after all the others 最后的人(或物) at (long) last in the end; after a long time 最后;终于 determiner, adv.[no comp.] (无比 较级) 1. after everything else; after the others 最后的, 唯一剩下的; 最后 2. on the occasion nearest in the past; most recent 紧接前面的;最近过去的 v. to measure in length of time; go on; continue 持续; 继续;延续 eg. The film lasted nearly three

hours. Late adj. 1. arriving, happening, etc., after the usual, arranged, or expected time 迟的; 晚的 2. happening towards the end of the day, life, a period, etc. (白天、生命、时期等)将尽的, 快结束的;末期的 3. that happened only a short time ago 新近的 4. former (not living) 已故的 adv. 1. after the usual, arranged, or expected time 迟;晚 2. towards the end of a period 在晚期 be late for (school) 迟到(校) lately adv. in the recent past 近来,最近 later adv. 之后;不久 latest n. infml (非正式的) the most recent news, fashion, or example 最新消息;最新款式;最近事例 at the latest 最迟;至迟 laugh v. 1. to express amusement, happiness, carelessness, disrespect(etc.)

by making explosive sounds with the voice, usu. while smiling 笑;大笑 2.to influence or bring to a result by laughing 笑得使.. . laughter n an act or sound of laughing 笑;笑声 laugh at 嘲笑 law n. 1. a rule that is supported by the power of government and that governs the behavior of members of a society 法令;法 规 2. the whole body of such rules in a country (一个国家的)法律 3. such rules, either in total or in part, and the way in which they work 法律及其动作 lawyer n. a person whose business is to advise people about laws and to represent them in court 律师 lay v laid laid laying 1. to cause to lie flat 放下;搁置;铺 放 2. to set in proper order or position
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安排;布置;摆好 lay the table for dinner. (=place knives, forks, etc., ready for a meal) 摆好餐具准备吃饭 3. (of birds, insects, etc. ) to produce (an egg or eggs)(鸟类,昆虫等)下(蛋) ; 产(卵) USAGE Do not confuse lay (laid, laid). With lie (lay, lain). 用法:不要把 及物动词 lay(laid, laid)与不及物 动词 lie (lay, lain) 相混淆。 eg. A person can lay his coat on the bed; When he has done this his coat is lying on the bed. 一个人可以把他的外衣放在(lay)床 上。(当他放好时,这件外衣就平搁 (is lying)在床上了。 A third verb lie (lied, lied) means “to tell a lie”. 还有一个不 及物 动词 lie (lied, lied) 意思是“说 谎”。 lazy adj. 1. disliking and avoiding activity or work

懒惰的;懒散的;偷懒的 2. (esp. of periods of time) encouraging inactivity (尤指一段时间)令人懒散的 3. moving slowly 慢吞吞的 lead v led, leading 1. to bring or show the way to (person or animal) by going in front 领头;带领;引导,牵引(人或动 物) 2. to be the means of reaching a place, going through an area, etc. 通往;导 向 3. to persuade or influence(someone) to do something 影响,劝诱(某人)做 (某事) lead a simple life 过着俭朴的 生活 USAGE: to lead is to show the way by going first, to guide is to show the way and explain things, and to direct is to explain to someone how to get to a place 用法:走在前面带路用 lead ,边领路边讲解用 guide ,向

某人解 释如何到某一地方去用 direct: he lead them down the mountain. 他带领 他 们 下 山 。 | She guided the tourists round the castle. 她引 导旅游者 参 观了这 座城堡 。| Could you direct me to the station, please? 请问到 车站怎么走? to drive is either to control a moving vehicle, or to make animals move forward by going behind them drive 既可表示驾 驶车辆,也 可表示在后面驱赶动物: Driving the cattle to market. 把牛群赶到 市场去。 To steer is to control the direction of a moving vehicle or boat. steer 表示控制行进中的车或船的 方向。steering wheel (汽车的) 方向盘 lead to v. prep to have as a result; cause 引起;导致 lead n. a soft heavy easily melted dull grey metal, used for

pipes, to cover roofs, etc. 铅 leader n. 1. a person or thing that leads or is in advance of others 先导者;领先者;前导的事物 2. a person who guides or directs a group, movement, etc. 领袖;领导人;首领 leading adj. 1. most important; chief; main 最重要 的;主要的 2. guiding, directing, or controlling 指导的;领导的;控制的 leaf n. pl. leaves 1. one of the usu. flat and green parts of a plant that are joined to its stem or branch 叶 2. a thin sheet of paper, esp. a page in a book 一张薄纸; (尤指书的)一页 league n a group of people, countries etc. who have joined to work for some aim 联盟;同盟 Communist Youth League of China 中 国 共 青 团 League
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member 团员 Leak v. 1. to let (a liquid, gas, etc.) in or out of a leak (漏洞;漏隙) 让(液体、气体等) 渗漏 2. (of a liquid, gas, etc.) to pass through a leak (液体、气体等)漏出 3. to make know (news, facts, etc., that ought to be secret) 泄露(秘密的消息,事实等) learn v. learned or learnt, learning 1. to gain knowledge (of) or skill (in) 学;学习;学会 2. to fix in the memory; memorize 记住 3. to become informed (of ) 听说;获悉 learn..by heart 记住;背诵 . learned adj. having or showing much knowledge 有学 问的;博学的 learner n a person who learns 学习者;初学者 least adv. in the smallest degree 最小;最少;最不 determiner, pron. (superlative of LITTLE) (LITTLE 的最高级)

the smallest number or amount 最小;最少量 eg. He’s not in the least (=not at all) worried. 他一点也不担心。 at least: a) not less than; if not more 至少,起码 b) if nothing else; anyway 无论如何 leave v. left, leaving 1. to go away (from) 离开 2. to allow to remain, esp. after going away (尤指走后)留下;剩下;使处于 (某种状态) 3. to fail to take or bring, esp. by accident (尤指偶然地)遗忘;忘 记拿去;忘记带来 lecture n. (to give)a speech to a group of people, esp. as a method of teaching at universities (尤指 大学里的)讲课 left adj. 1. on or belonging to the side of the body that usu. contains the heart (身体上)左的,左面 的 2. on, by, or in the direction of one?s left side

左边的;左侧的;左方的 n. 1. the left side or direction 左;左边 2. the left hand 左手 adv. towards the left 向左 (<反>right) on the left 在左边 left-handed adj. 1. using the left hand for most actions 惯用左手的;大多用左手做事的 2. made for use by a left-handed person 为左撇子使用的 ant. right-handed handedly adv. -left-handedness n. leftovers n. food remaining uneaten after a meal 吃剩的 食物 leftover adj. 剩余的 leg n. 1. one of the limbs on which an animal walks and which support its body(动物的腿) 2. that part of this limb above the foot 腿部 3. the part of a garment that covers the leg 裤腿 Legend Computer Group

Corporation 联想计算机集团 公司 Lend v. lent, lending to give(someone) the possession or use of (something) for a limited time 把..借给 . length n. 1. the measurement or distance from one end to the other or of the longest side of something 长;长度 2. a piece of something esp. of a certain length or for a particular purpose(一)段; (一)节 less adv. (comparative of LITTLE)(LITTLE 的比较级) 1. (with adjectives and adverbs)not so; to a smaller degree(than) (与形容词和副词连用)不如;在 较小程度上;不及 2. (with verbs)not so much(与 动词连用)较少;更少 determiner, pron.(comparative of LITTLE)(LITTLE 的比较级) a smaller amount 较小 (少) 的; 更小(少)的
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less and less (an amount)that continues to become smaller 越来越少 no less(than)(expressing surprise at a large number or amount) (对大数目或大数量表示惊奇)不 少(于) ,不亚(于) less than 不到;少于 lesson n. 1. something taught to or learned by a pupil, esp. in school; the period of time a pupil or class studies a subject 课业;课程;一节课 2. something, e.g. an experience, from which one should learn 教训;经验 have lessons 上课 do one?s lessons 做(预习或复 习)功课 let v. let, letting 1.to allow to do or happen 允许,让 2. must; is to 须,应,可,让 3. Br.E to give the use of(a room, land, etc.)in return for regular payments 出租(房 间、土地等)

let us: a) allow us to 让我们: Please let us buy you a drink! 请让我们给你买杯饮料吧! b) also let?s(used when suggesting a plan that includes the person spoken to) we must should (亦 作 let?s) (提出一项包括听话者在 内的建议时用)我们必须/应当 eg. Let?s go. 我们走吧! Let us go, please!请您让我们走 吧! let in 让进来 let out 放出;发生;泄露 letter n. 1. a written or printed message sent usu. in an envelope 书信 2. one of the signs in writing or printing that represents a speech sound 字母 3. the words of an agreement, law, etc., rather than its real or intended meaning (法律、协议 等的)字面,字面意义 eg. to the letter a. with close attention to the written details of an agreement, law, etc. b. to

the fullest degree level n. 1. a position of height 高度;水准,水平 2. a smooth flat surface, esp. a wide area of flat ground 平面; (尤指)大块平地 3. amount, size, or number 数 量;大小;数目 liberate v. fml( 正 式 )to set free(from control, prison, etc.) (从控制、监禁等情况下)解放; 释放;获得自由 liberation n. 解放 librarian n. a person who is in charge of or helps to run a library 图 书馆馆长;图书馆管理员 library n. 1. a building or room which contains books that may be looked at or borrowed by the public(public library) or by members of a special group 图书馆、图书 室,收藏馆 2. a collection of books 藏书 lie v. lay, lain, lying 1. to be in a flat position on a surface 卧,躺;平放

2. to put the body into such a position 躺下 3. to be in the stated position; be placed 位于 4. to remain or be kept in the stated condition or position 处于;保持在(某种状态或位置) v. lied, lying to tell a lie 说谎、撒谎 n. an untrue statement purposely made to deceive 谎 言 life n. lives 1. the active force that enables(animals and plants) to continue existing 生命 2. living things 生物 3. human existence 人生;生 活;生存;世事 4. the period during which one is alive 一生;终生 5. a person 性命;人命 lifetime n. the time during which a person is alive 一生; 终生 lift v. to raise to a higher level 提升;抬起;举起 n. the act of lifting, rising, or raising 提;升举
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Br.E = elevator Am.E elevator<美>)-an apparatus in a building that moves up and down between floors and carries people or goods 电梯 a free ride in a vehicle, esp. one given to a traveller 免费搭车 light n.1. the natural force that is produced by or redirected(reflected)from objects and other things, so that we see them 光;光线 2. the light of the sun or the time it lasts 日光;白昼 3. something that produces light and causes other things to be seen, such as a lamp or torch 发光 体,光源(如灯、电筒) adj. 1. easy to see in; bright 明 亮的 2. not deep or dark in colour, pale 浅色的;淡的 v. ( lit or lighted, lighting ) 1. to (cause to) start to burn 点燃, 点着 2. to give light to 照亮 3. to (cause to ) become bright

with pleasure or excitement (因高兴或激动而) (使) 变亮,现出喜色 USAGE: Use lit as the past participle of light, except when it stands as an adjective before the noun 用法: 除了在名词前用作形容词外, light 的 过 去 分 词 都 用 lit : He’s lit a match. 他划着了一根火柴。/ The match is lit. 火柴划着了。/ a lighted match 划着了的火柴 lightly adv. 1. with little weight or force; gently 轻轻地,轻微地 2. to a slight or little degree 轻 度地;略微地 3. without careful thought or reasoning 未经深思熟虑地;轻率地 lightning n. 1. a powerful flash of light in the sky, usu. followed by thunder 闪电 2.very quick, short, or sudden 闪电似的 like v. 1. to be fond of; find

pleasant 喜欢,爱好 2. to wish or choose 希望;想 要 be like 像 USAGE: When like means “to be fond of or enjoy”, it is used on its own; when it means “to want”, it is used with would. 用法:当 like 意为: “爱好, 喜欢”时,总是单独使用;当它表示 “想要”时,便与 would 连用。与动 词 love 的用法相同 prep. 1. in the same way as; of the same kind as 象..一样 . 2. typical of; showing the usual manner of 典型. .的;一向 . 是..的 . 3. for example 譬如 USAGE: Note the difference between these uses of like and as 用法:注意 like 和 as 用法上的区别: has been He playing tennis as a professional for two years(=he is a professional tennis player). 他作为职业网球运 动员打网

球已有两年了(=他是职业网球运 动员) 。 eg. He plays tennis like a professional(=he is not a professional tennis player, but he plays as well as someone who is) . 他打起网球来 象个职 业运动员(=他不是职业网球运动 员,但他打得和一个职业网球运动 员一样 好) 。 Likely adj. 1. probable; expected 很可能的;可期待的 2. suitable to give results 会有 结果的,有希望的 ant. unlikely limit n. the farthest point or edge(of something) (事物的)界限;限度;极限 v. to keep below or at a certain point or amount 限制 vi. 限定 limited adj. 有限的 line n. 1. a thin mark with length but no width, which can be drawn on a surface 线;线条 2. a long mark that acts as a
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limit or border 界线;界限 3. a row 行;排 link v. to join or connect 连 接;联系 lip n. 1. one of the edges of the mouth where the skin is delicate and rather red 嘴唇 2.the ordinary skin below the nose 唇部的皮肤 lion n. a large yellow four-footed animal of the cat family which lives mainly in Africa 狮子 list n. a set of names of things written one after the other, so as to remember them or keep them in order 清单;目录;一览表 listen v. to give attention in hearing 听;留神听 listen to 听.. .(讲话) litre/ liter 升(容量单位,约 1.25 品脱) little adj. 1. small 小的 2. short 短暂的 3. young 幼小的 adv. 1. not much 少;稍许 2. not at all 毫不

determiner. pron less, least 1. (used without a, to show the smallness of the amount) not much; not enough (不与 a 连用,表示 量极少), 没有多少;少量;不足 2. a) a small amount, but at least some 一点儿;少量 b) a short time 短时间,一会 儿 little rather 稍微;些许 little by little gradually 一点一 点地;逐渐地 live v. lived, living 1. to be alive; have life 活着;生存 2. to continue to be alive 活下 去;继续生存 3. to have one?s home 居住 live on sth. v. prep to have as one?s only food or income 只以..为食, 只靠..为 收入 . . lively adj. 1. full of quick movement, thought, etc. 活泼的;思想活跃的;有生气的 2. life like; as if real 栩栩如生的; 逼真的;生动的 a lively description 生动的描述 living adj. 1.alive now 活的; 活着的 (注:living 可放在被修饰

的名词前, alive 却不能 ) eg. a) There is a living snake on the floor. Don?t go near it. b) The passengers alive after the terrible accident were in bad need of food and medical care. 2. existing in use 现存的 living-room also sitting room( B.rE): the main room in a house where people can do things together, (usu.) apart from eating 客厅,起居室,起坐间 load n.1. an amount being carried, or to be carried, esp. heavy 负载; (尤指)重载 2.the amount which a certain vehicle can carry (车辆的)装 载量 3.the work done by an engine, etc. (发动机等的)负载;负荷 loaf n. loaves bread shaped and baked in one piece, usu. fairly large (通常较大的)长面包 local adj.1. of or in a certain

place, esp. the place one lives in 地方的;当地的;本地的 2. tech concerning a particular part, esp. of the body (专业术语) (尤指人体)局部的 lock n.1. an apparatus for closing and fastening something by means of a key 锁 2. a stretch of water closed off by gates, esp. on a canal, so that the level can be raised or lowered to move boats up or down a slope (运河等的)水闸 v. 1. to fasten with lock 锁;锁 上 2. to put in a place and lock the entrance 锁入 3. to become fixed or blocked 固定住;阻塞住 lonely adj. alone and unhappy; away from other people 孤独的;寂寞的 long adj. 1. measuring a large amount in length, distance, or time
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(长度、距离或时间)长的 2. covering a certain distance or time 走过一段路程的;花费一定时间的 (for) a long time 长久地 as/ so long as if: on condition that 如果;只要 long ago: at a distant time in the past 很久以前 no longer/(not)any longer: (used only in negatives, questions, etc.)(not)any more; not now (只用于否定、疑 问等句中) 不再; 现在不 (是) so long infml (非正式 ) goodbye 再见 the long and the short of it the general result 总的意思是;梗概 long-term 长期的 before long 不久以后;很快 long before 很久以前 look v. 1.to turn the eyes so as to see, examine, or find something 看;瞧;望;注意看 2.to have the appearance of being(ill, well, etc.) 显得,看来,好象(有病、健康等) 3.to see and notice carefully

留神 look after v. prep. to take care of 照顾;照料 look around/ round/ about v. adv. to search 到处寻找 look at v. prep 1. to watch 看 2. to regard; judge 看待;对待; 判断 3. to consider, examine 考虑; 检查 4. to remember and learn from 记住并吸取教训 look back v. Adv. 1. to remember 回顾,回想 2. never look back to have complete success 获得全胜 look down on/upon v. adv. prep. to have a low opinion of(esp. someone thought less socially important)轻视;看 不起(尤指被认为社会地 位较低者) look for v. prep. to try to find 寻找 look forward to v. adv. prep. to expect to enjoy(something that is going to happen) 盼望;期待(某事发

生) look out v. adv. to take care; watch(for) 当心;留神;注 意看 look up v. adv. 1. to get better; improve 好转;有起色 2. (look sth. up) to find(information)in a book (在书中)查寻 look into v. prep. 向. . . . . .里面看去;investigate 调查 have a look 看一看 take a look 看一看 loose adj. 1.not fastened, tied up, shut up, etc.; free from control 开的;自由的;没有束缚的 2. not bound together 松散的; 散装的 3. not firmly fixed; not tight 松 的;松动的 lorry Br.E also truck a large motor vehicle for carrying heavy goods 卡车 lose v. lost, losing 1. to come to be without, e.g. through carelessness;

fail to find 丢失,遗失;迷失; 找不到 2. to (cause to )have taken away; (cause to)have to longer, as a result of time, death, or destruction (使)失去, (使)丧失 3. to fail to win, gain, or obtain 输了;未得到 lose heart 失去信心;灰心 lose one?s life 死;牺牲 lose one?s voice 失音;噪子哑 lose weight 减肥;降体重 get lost 走开,滚开 (美国 口语) loss n. 1. the act or fact of losing possession(of something) 丧失;遗失 2. a person, thing, or amount that is lost or taken away 失去的人(或物) ;损耗量 3. a failure to take a profit 亏损 lot n. 1. a large quantity, number, or amount 很多, 许多 2. the whole quantity, number, or amount 全部;总数;总量 3. a group or amount of people or things of the same type 某一类的人;一批东西
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n. esp. Am.E an area of land used for building or parking cars on (用于建房或停车的)一块地 a lot of/ lots of 许多;很多;大 量 loud adj.1. having or producing great strength of sound; not quiet; noisy 响亮的;高声的,吵闹的 2. unpleasantly noisy or colourful 喧闹的,嘈杂的;过分 花哨的 adv. loudly, in a loud way 大声地;响亮地 love n. 1. a strong feeling of fondness for a person 爱;热 爱;爱戴 ant. hate, hatred 2. warm interest and enjoyment(in) 爱好,喜爱 3. the object of attraction or liking 喜爱的东西 v. loved, loving 1. to feel love, desire, or strong friendship (for) 爱;热爱;挚爱 2. to like very much; take pleasure in 非常喜欢;爱好

ant. hate be in love with 与..相爱 . lovely adj. 1. beautiful; that one loves or likes 美丽的;可爱 的 2. infml(非正式) very pleasant 令人愉快的 loveliness n. low adj. 1. being or reaching not far above the ground, floor, base, or bottom; not high 低的;矮的 2. small in size, degree, amount, worth, etc. (在大小、程度、数量、价值等方 面)少的,小的,低下的 3. lacking in strength or spirit; weak or unhappy 没精神的;体弱的;情绪低落的 adv. 1. in or to a low position, point, degree, manner, etc. (位置、程度、态度、地位等)低地; 向下地;卑微地;粗俗地 2. near the ground, floor, base, etc.; not high 低矮地 3.(in music)in or with deep notes (音乐中)以低音调;低沉 地 ant. high

4. quietly; softly 轻声地;轻柔 地 low-lying adj. 地势低洼的 luck n. 1. that which happens, either good or bad, to a person by, or as if by, chance; fortune 运气 2. good fortune 好运道 luggage n. the case, bags, boxes, etc., of a traveller 行李 (Br.E) baggage lunch n. a meal eaten in the middle of the day 午餐 have lunch 吃午饭 lung n. either of the two breathing organs in the chest of man or certain animals (人或某些动物的)肺 machine[m ? in] n. a man-made instrument or apparatus which uses power(such as electricity)to perform work 机 器,器械 mad[m d] adj. 1.ill in the mind 发疯的,疯的 2.filled with strong feeling, interest, etc. 狂热的;着迷的 madam[?m d m] n. a polite way

of addressing a woman, usu. sb. one does not know personally 对妇人的尊称,通常用 于不相识者 magazine[m g ?zin] n. a sort of book with a paper cover, which contains writing, photographs, and advertisements, usu. on a special subject or for a certain group of people, and which is printed every week or month 杂志;期刊 magic[?m d ik] n. 1. the system of trying to control events by calling on spirits, secret forces, etc. 魔法,巫术 2. the art of a theatrical performer who produces unexpected objects and results by tricks 魔术 3. a charming quality or influence 魔力,魅力 adj. 有魔力的 maid[meid] n. a female servant 女仆 mail[meil] n. 1. the postal system 邮政制度 2. letters and anything else
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sent by post 邮件 mailbox[?meilb ks] n. AmE< 美> a place for collecting mail; postbox 邮筒,邮箱; 信箱 main[mein] adj. chief; most important 主要的;最重要的 mainly[?meinli] adv. 大体上; 主 要地 mainland[‘meinl nd] n. a land mass, considered without its islands 大陆 major[?meid ] adj. greater when compared with others, in size, number, or importance 较大的,较多的,较重要的 (< 反>minor) majority[m ?d riti] n. the greater number or amount(esp. of people)(尤指人)多数;大部分 make[meik] v. ( made, making)1.to produce by work or action 制造,生产 2. to put into the stated condition, position, etc.; cause to be 使处于某种状况(地位) ; 使成为 3. to force or cause(someone to do something/ something to happen) (迫)使某人(做某事

/使某事(发生) be made from 由..制造 . be made in 在..制造 . be made of 用..制造 . be made up of 由..组成 . make… to one’s own measure 依照某人的尺寸做.. . make a decision 作出决定 make a good effort 作很大的 努力 make a plan for 为..作计划 . make a promise 答应;允诺 make a record 录制唱片 make ends meet 量入为出;使 收支相抵 make fun of 取笑某人 make progress 取得进步 make sense 讲得通;很有意义 make sure of 确保;确定 make up 编出 make up one’s mind 下决心 make use of 利用 male[meil] adj. & n. the sex that does not give birth to young 男性 (的) 公 (的) 雄 ; ; (的) man[m n]n.(pl. men) 1. a fully grown human male 成年 男人

2. a human being, male or female 人 3. human beings in general; the human race 人的总称;人类 manage[?m nid ] v. 1. to control or guide(esp. a business)控制;管理(尤指企 业) 2.to succeed in dealing with(a problem)设法对付(一个难题) manager[?m nid ] n. person who directs the affairs of a business, a sports team, a singer, etc. (企业,运动队,歌 唱家的)经理,管理人 manifesto[m ni?fest u] n. a (written) statement making public the intentions, opinions, etc., of a political party or group (一个政党或团体 的)宣言; (书面)声明 mankind[m n?kaind] n. the human race, both men and women 人类 manmade[?m n?meid] adj. 1.produced by people; not found in nature 人造的 2.(of materials) made from chemical, not natural,

substances; synthetic (衣料) 化纤的;人造的,合成的 (< 反>natural) manner[?m n ] n. 1. the way or style of doing something 方 式;方法 2.a personal way of acting or behaving 举止;态度 manners[?m n z] n. (polite) social practices or habits (有礼 貌的)社交举止;社 习惯 many[?meni] determiner, pron. more, most 1.(used without a to show the large size of a number) 许多, 很多 2. a good/ great many: a large number of 很多 3. many a man, time, etc. many men, times, etc.许多人, 许多次(等) map[m p] n. a representation or plan showing the shape and position of countries, towns, rivers, etc. 地图 march[ma:t ] v. 1.to walk with a regular, esp. forceful, step like a soldier 行
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进;进 军;行军 2. to force to walk(away) 迫使 走(开) n. 1.the act of marching 行 军 2 the distance covered while marching in a certain period of time (在一定时间内 的)行程 mark[ma:k] n. 1.a spot, line, or cut that spoils the natural colour or appearance of something 痕迹,斑点 2.an object or sign serving as a guide, giving information, or showing a quality 记号;标志 3.a figure, letter, or sign which represents a judgment of quality in someone?s work, behaviour, or performance (给某人的工作、行为、表演等给 予的)评分 v. 1.to make a mark on, or to receive a mark, in a way that spoils the appearance 留痕迹 于;作记号于;标明 vi. 2.to be a sign of 成为..的 . 标志 market[?ma:kit] n. 1.a building or open place where

people meet to buy and sell goods 市场,集市 2.a gathering of people to buy and sell on certain days at such a place 定期集市 3.an area or country where is a demand for goods 推销地区(或 国家) marquis[?ma:kwis] n. 候爵 marry[?m ri] v. 1.to take (a person) in marriage 和..结 . 婚 2.(of a priest or official) to perform the ceremony of marriage for (two people) (牧师或官员)为(两人)证婚 3.to cause to take in marriage 使结婚 marriage[?m rid ] n. 结婚;婚 姻 marxism[?ma:ksizm] n.the teaching of Karl Marx on which communism is based, which explains the changes in history according to the struggle between social classes 马克思主义 mass[m s] n. 1.a solid lump, quantity, or heap, or large

number 一块;一团;一堆; 大量 2.(in science) the amount of matter in a body (科学)物体 的质量 adj. of or for a great number of people 大众的,群众的 masses of 大多数;大部分 master[?ma:st ] n. 1.mistress fem(阴性)-a man in control of people, animals, or things 主 人 2.mistress fem(阴性)-fml (正式) a male teacher 男教师 3.a man of great skill in art or work with the hands 艺术大师; 手工高超的人 v. to gain control over or learn thoroughly 掌握;精通 mat[m t] n. 1.a piece of rough strong material or small rug used for covering part of a floor 席垫;地席 2.a small piece of material used for putting under objects on a table (桌上用的)衬垫 match[m t ] n. 1.a game or sports event in which teams or

people compete 比赛, 竞赛 2.a person who is equal or better in strength, ability, etc., (to another) 对手,敌手 3. a thing or set of things that is like or suitable to another or each other 相象的东西;相配之 物 v. 1.to be like or suitable for use with(another or each other) 相 象;相配 vi. 2.to be or find an equal to 是..的对手,vi 能与. .较 . . 量 3.to find something like or suitable for use with 找相象的 东西;找相配的东西 4.well-/ ill -matched suitable/ not suitable to with, or to compete with, each other 很相 称/不 vii 相称 have a match 举行/进行一 场比赛 material[m ?ti ri l] n. 1.anything from which something is or may be made 材料,原料 2.cloth 布,布料 3.knowledge of facts from
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which a (written) work may be produced 素材;资料 mathematics[m i?m tiks] also infml. maths BrE || math AmE(亦作 maths<英>||math< 美>,非正式)-n. the study or science of number 数 学 -mathematical adj. mathematically adv. matter[?m t ] n. 1.the material which makes up the word and everything in space which can be seen or touched 物质 2.a subject to which one gives attention; an affair 事情, 问题 3.a trouble or cause of pain, illness, etc.麻烦事;痛苦的起因; 病因;毛病 v. to be important 要紧;有关 系 maximum[?m ksim m]n. 1.the most, or the largest possible, quantity, number, or degree 最大量;最大数;最大限 度 2.largest, or largest possible(in amount, degree, etc.) 最大(数 量 、 程 度 等 ) (<

反>minimum) may[mei] v. 1.(shows a possibility)(表示可能性) 2.to have permission to 准许, 可以 3.(used when expressing a wish(表示愿望)) May[mei] n. the 5th month of the year 五月 maybe[?meibi] adv. perhaps 也许 me[mi:] pron. (object form of I )(I 的宾格) meal[mi:l] n. an amount of food eaten at one time 膳食; 一餐,一顿饭 mean[mi:n] v. meant, meaning 1.to represent(a meaning ) 意思是;有..的意 . 思 2.to have in mind as or for a purpose; intend 意欲;打算 3.to be a sign of 有..的征兆, . 意味着 meaning[?mi:ni ] n. the idea which is intended to be understood 意义,意思,涵义 meanwhile[?mi:nwai l] also meantime infml. ( 亦 作

meantime ; 非 正 式 )- adv. during this time; in the same period of time 在此期间;同时 measure[?me ] v. 1.to find the size, length, amount, degree, etc., (of)in standard measurements 计量,测量(尺 寸,长短,容量,程度等) 2.to show or record amount, size, length, etc. 表 示 或 记 录 (数量,尺寸,长度等) 3.to be of a certain size 具有某 种尺寸 meat[mi:t] n. 1.the flesh of animals(sometimes including birds, but not including fish) which is eaten 食用肉(有时 包括禽肉,但不包括鱼肉) 2.valuable matter, ideas, etc. 有价值的东西(想法等) medal[?medl] n. a round flat piece of metal, or a cross, with a picture and/ or words marked on it, which is usu. given to a person as an honour for an act of bravery or strength 奖章;勋章 medical[?medikl] adj. 1.of or concerning medicine and

treating the sick 医学的;医疗 的 2.of the treatment of disease by medicine rather than by operation 医 药 的 ; 内 科 的 - medically adv. medical care 医疗护理 medicine[?medisn] n. 1.a substance used for treating disease, esp. a liquid which is drunk 药; (尤指)药水 2.the science of treating and understanding disease 医学 have some medicine 服点药 meet[mi:t] v. met, meeting 1.to come together(with), by chance or arrangement 遇见; 偶然相遇;约会 2.to get to know or be introduced (or )for the first time 认识;首次引见 3.to touch, (as if)naturally 自 然地接触 meet[mi:t] n. a gathering of people, esp. (BrE) on horses with hunting dogs to hunt foxes or (AmE) for sports events (<英>尤常用)猎捕狐狸前猎人 和猎狗的聚集;<美>集会(尤指运
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动会) meeting[?mi:ti ] n. 1.a gathering o people, esp. for a purpose (尤指为了一个目的的) 集会;会议 2.the coming together of two or more people, by chance or arrangement 偶 然 的 相 遇 ; 约 会;约见 have a meeting 开会 hold a meeting 举行会议 member[?memb ] n. a person belonging to a club, group, etc. 成员;会员 ant. nonmember memory[?mem ri] n. 1.(an) ability to remember events and experience 记忆;记性;记忆力 2.an example of remembering 回忆;记得的事情 3.the time during which things happened which can be remembered 能记忆的时期 mend[mend] v. 1.a. to repair(a hole, break, fault, etc. )in (something ) 修补,修理; 修正;织补;缝补 b.(of something broken or worn) to be able to be repaired(断裂,

磨损的东西)能补,可以补 2.to regain one?s health 康复 men’s room 男厕所 mental[mentl] adj. 1.of the mind 脑力的;精神的 2.done only in or with the mind, esp. without the help of writing 内心的 3.concerning disorders or illness of the mind 精神病的 mentally[?mentli]adv. 精 神 上;智力上 mention[?men n] v. 1.to tell about in a few words, spoken or written (口头或书面)提到, 提及;谈起 2.to say the name of 提出.. .的 名 3.Don’t mention it polite .There?s no need for thanks; I?m glad to help (礼貌) 别客气;不用谢;乐意帮忙 menu[?menju:] n. a list of dishes in a meal or to be ordered as separate meals, esp. in a restaurant (尤指餐馆 里的)菜单 merchant[?m :t n] n. a person who buys and sells

goods, esp. in large amounts 商人(尤指)批发商人 merciful[m :siful] adj. showing mercy, forgiving rather than punishing 仁 慈 的;宽大的 -mercifully adv. mercy [?m :si] n. 1.willingness to forgive, not to punish 仁慈;宽恕;怜悯 2.a fortunate event 幸运的事 3.at the mercy of powerless against 受..支配,在..的支 . . 配下 merely[?mi li] adv. only…and nothing else 仅仅,只不过 message[?mesid ] n. 1. a spoken or written piece of information passed from one person to another (口头或书面 的)信息;消息 2. the important or central idea 要旨;启示;中心思想 take a message for 给..捎 . 个信儿 metal[?metl] n. any usu. solid shiny mineral substance which can be shaped by pressure and used for passing

an electric current 金属 metallic[mi?t lik] adj. of or like metal 金属的;金属似的 method[?me d] n. 1.a way or manner(of doing) 方法;方式 2.(the use of) an orderly system or arrangement 条理(的运用) ; 规律;秩序 metre[‘mi:t ] BrE meter AmE n. (a measure of length equal to) 39.37 inches(长度单位)米,公尺(合 39.37 英寸) microcomputer[?maicr uk mpju:t ] n. 微机 midday[?middei] n. the middle of the day; 12 o?clock noon 正 午,中午;中午十二点 middle[?midl] n. 1 the central part, point, or position 中部;中央;中间 2 infml (正非式)the waist or the part below the waist 腰;或腰以 下的部位 3 in the middle of something/doing something in the course of or busy with something/doing something 在做
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某事的当儿/正忙于做某事时 in the middle of 在... 中 ... 间 midnight[?midnait] n. 12 o?clock at night 晚上十二点,午 夜,半夜 might[mait] v. negative contraction mightn?t(否定缩略 形式: mightn?t) 1 (shows a possibility)(表示可能 性) 2 (used as the past of may 用作 may 的过去式) 3 BrE <英>(used instead of may, for asking permission politely ) (有礼貌地请求许可,代替 may) mile[mail] n. (a measure of length equal to)1609 metres or 1760 yards 英里(长度单位,等 于 1609 米,或多或少 760 码) milk[milk] n. a white liquid produced by human or animal females for the feeding of their young, and (in the case of cows? and goats? milk)often drunk by human beings or made into butter and cheese 奶;牛奶;羊 奶 millimetre[?milimi:t ] BrE

-ter AmE n. (a measure of length equal to) 1000th of a metre 毫米(千 分之一米) million[‘mili n] determiner. n.& pron. million or millions(the number)1000000; 百万 millions of 成百万的;许许多多 的 millionaire[milj ?n ] n. a person who has 1000000 pounds or dollars; very wealthy person 百万富翁;巨富 mind[maind] n. 1 a person?s way of thinking or feeling; thoughts 头脑;想法; 思维;思想 2 memory 记忆 3 attention 注意;注意力 v. to be careful(of); pay close attention (to) (通常用于命令句) 注意;当心; 留心 never mind 没关系;不必顾虑 make up one’s mind 下决心; 决定 mine[main] pron. (possessive form of I )of the person who is speaking(代词 I

所有格形式)我的 mine[main] n. a deep hole or network of holes under the ground from which coal, gold, tin and other mineral substances are dug 矿;矿山; 矿井 v. mined, mining 1 to dig or work a mine in (the earth)开矿,采矿;打矿井 2 to obtain by digging from a mine (从矿里)采掘,挖出 mineral[‘min r l] n. any of various esp. solid substances that are formed naturally in the earth(such as stone, coal, salt, etc.), esp. as obtained from the ground for man?s use 矿物;矿 石 minibus[?minib s] n. a small bus with seats for between six and twelve people 小型公共汽 车;小面包车 minister[?minist ] n. 1 a politician who is a member of the government and is in charge of a particular government department 部长; 大臣

2 a priest in some branches of the Christian church(基督教 某些教派的)牧师 minority[mai?n riti] n. 1 the smaller number or part; a number or part that is less than half 少数;少数派 2 a small part of a population which is different from the rest in race, religion, etc. 少数民族 minus[?main s] adj. (of a number or quantity) less than zero 负的;零下的 minute[minit] n. 1 one of the 60 parts into which an hour is divided 分(一小时的 1 /60) 2 infml( 非 正 式 )a very short space of time 一会儿;片刻 in a minute 一会儿;立刻 just a minute 等一下 mirror[?mir ] n. a piece of glass, or other shiny or polished surface, that throws back(reflects)images 镜子 miss[mis] v. 1 to fail to hit, catch, find, meet, see, hear, etc. 未击中;未赶上;未找到;未遇到, 未看到,未听到
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2 to feel sorry or unhappy at the absence or loss of (因.. 在或失去.. 想念; .不 . 而) 怀念;惦念 3 to discover the absence or loss of 发觉..不在或遗失 . Miss[mis] n. (a title placed before the name of) an unmarried woman or a girl 对未 婚妇女或少女的称呼 mistake[mis?teik] n. a wrong thought, act, etc., something done, said, believed, etc., as a result of wrong understanding, lack of knowledge or skill, etc. 错误;过失 by mistake 由疏忽所致 make a mistake 犯错误 misunderstanding[mis nd ?st ndi ] n. 1 (an example of )the act of putting a wrong meaning(on something); confusion 误解;误会;错误的理 解 2 often euph( 常 用 委 婉 )a disagreement less serious than a quarrel 分歧;失和 mix[miks] v. 1 to (cause to) be combined so as to form a

whole, of which the parts cannot (easily) be separated one from another(使)混合;搀和 2 (of a person)to be, or enjoy being in the company of others 交往;相处 mixture[?mikst ] n. 1 a set of substances mixed together 混合物;混合料;混合体 2 a combination (of things or people of different types or qualities)混杂的事物;杂乱的人 群;混乱 mm=millimetre [?milimi:t ] n. 毫米 mobile[‘m ubail] adj. movable; able to move, or be moved, quickly and easily; not fixed in one position 运动的;活 动的;可动的 model[‘m d l] n. 1 a small representation or copy of something 模型;雏型;原型 2 a person, esp. a young woman, employed to wear clothes and show them to possible buyers (as in a shop, by being photographed, etc.) 时 装模特儿

3 a person employed to be painted, drawn, photographed, etc. by an artist(供艺术家写生或 摄影的)模特儿 modern[?m d n] adj. of the present time, or of the not far distant past; not ancient 现代 的;近代的 moment[‘m um nt] n. 1 a very short period of time 片刻; 瞬间 2 a particular point in time 某个特定时刻 3( 常 用 单 数 )the right time for doing something 适当的时刻 the moment (that): just as soon as; at exactly the time when 一..就;正当..的一刹 . . 那间 just a moment 等一会儿 Monday[‘m ndi] n. the second day of any week; the day after Sunday 星期一 money[?m ni] n. 1 coins or paper notes with their value printed on them, given and taken in buying and selling 货 币(硬币和纸币) 2 wealth 财富

moneylender[?m nilend ] n. 放债者 monitor[‘m nit ] n. a pupil chosen to help the teacher in various ways (学生中的) 班长; 级长 monsieur[m ?sj ] n. (法)先生 monkey[?m ki] n. a small tree-climbing animal, with a long tail, and part of the class of animals most like man 猴子 month[m n ] n. any of the 12 named divisions of the year 月, 一个月的时间 moon[mu:n] n. the body which moves round the earth once every 28 days, and can be seen shining in the sky at night 月球,月亮 more[m :] adv. (comparative of many ,much)(many, much)的 比较级 1 to a greater degree 更多; 更 (<反>less) 2 (with once, no) (与 once, no 连用) again 另外;再 determiner, pron. (COMPARATIVE of many, much)
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1 a greater number or amount (many, much 的比较级) 更多的 数量 2 an additional number or amount 额外的数量;另外一些 3 any more: any longer; now(不)再 4 more and more: increasingly; (an amount) that continues to increase 越 来 越 (甚) (<反>less and less) 5 more or less : about; not exactly 或多或少;左右;大约 6 the more: (used to show that two things get larger, or change, together) 越 发 ; 更 ; 越..越.. (<反> the less) . . no more 不再 not..any more 不再 . once more 再一次 morning[?m ni ] n. the first part of the day, usu. until the time when the midday meal is eaten 早晨;上午 most[m ust] adv. (superlative of much) (much 的最高级) 1 to the greatest degree 最 多的,最高程度地 2 fml(正式)very 极,很;十分

determiner, pron. (superlative of many, much) (many, much 的 最高级) 1 the greatest number or amount 最大量,最高级 2 at most; not more than; if not less 至多,最多,不超过 mother[?m ] n. a female parent 母;母亲 motor[‘m ut ] n. a machine that changes power, esp. electrical power, into movement 电动机;发动机;内燃 机;马达 motherland[?m l nd] n. 祖国 motto[?m t u] n. a short sentence or a few words taken as the guiding principle of a person, a school, etc. 箴言,座 右铭;格言 mountain[?mauntin] n. a very high hill, usu. of bare or snow-covered rock 大山,山岳 mountainous[?mauntin s] adj. full of or containing mountains 多山的 mourn[m :n] v. to feel and/or show grief, esp. for the death of someone 哀痛;哀悼

mouse[maus] n. mice a small furry animal with a long tail that lives in houses and in fields 老鼠,耗子 moustache[m sta: ] n. 小胡子 mouth[mau ]n. mouths 1 the opening on the face through which a person or animal may take food into the body and speak or make sounds 口; 嘴;口腔 2 an opening, entrance, or way out 出入口 mouth-to-mouth 口对口的 mouthful[?mau ful] n. 1 as much(food or drink) as fills the mouth 2 infml, usu. humor(非正式;常含幽默) a big long word that one finds difficulty in saying or pronouncing 又长又难念的单词 move[muv] v. moved, moving 1 (cause to ) change place or bodily position 移动; 搬动;使改变位置 2 to be in movement; go, walk, run, etc., esp. in a particular way 开动,走,运行

move on v. & adv. to change(to something new) 转换 ( 话 题 ) ;go away to another place or position 去别处;前进 movement[‘mu:vm nt] n. 1 (can act of ) moving or of being moved; (example of) activity 活 动;移动;动作 2 a group of people who make united efforts for a particular purpose 运动 movie [?mu:vi] n. 电影 Mr.[?mist ] also Mister( 亦 作 Mister) n. 1 a title for a man who has no other title 先生 2 a title used when addressing certain men in official position 先生(对于某些有官职者的称呼) Mrs.[?misiz] n. a title for a married woman who has no other title(对已婚女子的称呼) 太太 Ms[mis] n. a title for a woman who does not wish to call herself either “Mrs” or “Miss”女 士 (用于不愿被称为“太太”或“小姐” 的女人姓氏前)(比较:Miss, Mrs) much[m t ] adv. (more, most) 1 by a great degree 多;很;非
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常;更 2 nearly; in most ways 几乎, 差不多 determiner pron.& n. more, most (used in questions and negatives and after so and too, but not usu. in simple statements) a great amount 许 多,大量 mud[m d] n. very wet earth in a sticky mass 泥淖,泥浆 multiply[?m ltiplai] v. to combine by multiplication 乘, 用乘法算 murder[?m d ] v. to kill illegally, and on purpose 谋 杀;凶杀 –murderer n. music[?mju:zik] n. 1 the arrangement of sounds in pleasant patterns and tunes 乐 曲;曲 2 the art of doing this 音乐; 作曲法 3 a written or printed set of notes 乐谱 musical[‘mju:zikl] adj. 1 of, like, or producing music 音乐 的;音乐似的;悦耳的

2 skilled in and/or fond of music 精通音乐的;爱好音乐的 n. a play or film with songs and often dances 音乐喜剧;音 乐片;歌舞片 musician[mju:?zik n] n. a person who performs on a musical instrument, or who writes music 音乐家;作曲家 must[ ] v. negative contraction mustn’t (否定缩写 形式:mustn’t ) 1 (past usu. had to) (used to show what it is necessary for one to do, what one ought to do, or what one is forced to do) (过 去通常用 had to ) 必须;应当 2 (past must have) to be likely or certain to( 过 去 式 用 must have) 很可能;谅必;肯定 会见 my[mai] determiner (possessive form of I) (I 的所有格) 1 of the person who is speaking 我的 2 (used as a cry of surprise or pleasure)(用来表示惊奇或愉快) myself[mai?self] pron. (used as the object of a verb, or after

a preposition, when the person who is speaking does the action and is the object of the action)(用作动词的宾语或介词之 后)我自己 nail [neil] n.[C] (pl. nails) a thin piece of metal with a point at one end and a flat head at the other for hammering into a piece of wood, usu. to fasten the wood to something else 钉;钉子 fingernail 指甲 toenail 趾甲 drive/ knock in a nail 钉钉子 name [neim] 1. n. [C] (pl. names) a)the word(s) that someone is called or known by 名字,姓名, 名称 full name 全名(称) / the first name<美>(= the given name<美> the middle name the Christian name<英>)名字; 教名 surname/the family name< 英>(= the last name<美>)姓;姓

氏 a pen name 笔名 b)a title for someone arising from his character 辱骂之名 to call someone names(=say bad or rude things about someone)辱骂某人;说某人坏话 [比较: call ones name 喊 to (叫) 某人的名字] c)(for) fame; recognition by others; reputation 名声;声望 to make a name for oneself made ones name (=became famous) as a painter. 以绘画出 名 to have a name for 以??出名 2. vt. a) to give a name to (someone or something)命名, 取 名 eg. He was named after / for(= given the same name as) his father. [Note: name after (Br.E); name for (Am.E)] b)to tell the name(s) of 说出??的名 称 eg. Can you name all the plants in the garden? c)(+as / for / to be) to choose or
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appoint 选择; 提名; 任命; 指派; 指定 eg. The President named him (as / to be ) Secretary of State. We?ve named August 23rd for our wedding day. Name a price for car; I?d like to buy it. narrow[5nAr[U] adj. 1.small from one side to the other, esp. in comparison with length or with what is usual 狭 窄的 2. limited; small 狭小的; 有限的; 有范围的 3.almost not enough or only just successful 勉强够的; 险胜的 a narrow escape 死里逃生 ant. wide; broad nation[5neiF[n] n. 1. a large group of people living in one area and usu. having an independent government 国 家 (比较:country 着重指疆土、 国土、家园; nation 着重指人民; state 着重指政权、国家机器。) 2.a large group of people with the same race and language 民族;种族

national [5nAF[nl] adj. 1.of, being, or concerning a nation 国家的;全国性的(=nationwide) 2. owned or controlled by the central government of a country 国有的; 国立的; 国营 的 nationality [9nAF[5nAlItI] n. 1.membership of a person, esp. when abroad 国籍 2.a large group of people with the same race, origin, language, etc.民族; 种族 nationwide [neiF[n5waid ] adj. over a whole country; national 全国性的 native [5neitIv] 1. n. someone who was born in a place or lives in a place all time or has lived in a place a long time 本地人;本国人;当地人 2. adj. a) belonging to or being the place of ones birth 属于出生地的;出生地的 b)(of a person) belonging to a country from birth (指人)土生土长的 c)(+to) growing, living, produced, found, etc., in a

place; not brought in from another place 本地产的;土产的 ones native language = ones mother tongue 母语 nature [5neitF[] n. 1.the whole world, esp. as something lasting and not changed by people 自然;自然界 2.quality and character 性质; 本质;本性;天性 3.type; kind; sort 种类 to keep the balance of nature 保持生态平衡 by nature 生就的;天生的 natural [5nAtF[r[l] adj.1.of, concerning, or being what is or happens ordinarily in the world 自然的;天然的 2.normal; usual; ordinary 普遍 的;平常的 3. belonging to someone from birth; not learned 生来的;天生的 [句型] a) It is natural that-从句 (从句谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即 should +动 词原形或省略 should, 直接跟动 词原形。

b) It is natural for sb. to do sth. naturally adv. navy [5neivI] n. 1. the organization, including ships, people, buildings, etc., which makes up the power of a country for war at sea. 海军 2. the ships of war belonging to a country(=a countries warships) 一国军舰 [注意] navy 是集体名 词,作主语时,谓语动词可用复数, 也可用单数。用单数强调整体; 用 复数强调“人人”。 [比较] army 陆军; air force 空军 in the navy 在海军(部队) join the navy 参加海军 navy blue 深蓝色 near [ni[] 1. prep. adj. adv. not far from in distance, time, degree, quality etc.; close (to)靠近(的) ;近(的) 邻 ; 近(的) 2. adj. in a close relation or association 亲近的; 近亲的 ant.far [ 辨 析 ] 1. near 与 nearby: a)nearby 通常指空间上的接近, 放在名词前后均可。
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a nearby hospital = a hospital nearby b)near 则指时间、空间、 年龄、关系、程度等的“接近”。c) 作副词用时,多用 nearby; 如要 用 near,则其前通常有修饰语如 quite, very 等。 2. near 与 close:在意义上两者 几乎相同, 只是 close 比 near 更接 近,等 于 very near,其后的介词搭配都 用 to。 但在下列词语中,两者不 能 互换: near future 最近的将来; the the near distance 近处; a close friend 密友; a close contact 紧密 的接触 3 . near; at; by; beside: a) beside 表“在??旁边” 指两者位置关 系;也表“在??(人)身旁” b) by 表“在??旁 边” 时含有“倚、凭、 靠、沿着”等意 c)near 表示两者之 间的距离,作“在??附近” 解 ; d)at 表示有目的地靠近 e)beside 和 by 表示偶然地接近,比 near 表 示 的距离更近; by 比 beside 的语 气更强。 nearby [5ni[bai]1. adj.& prep. near close by, a short distance

away (from) 附近地;近旁地 2. adv. near , within a short distance 附近的;近旁的 [注意] a) nearby 作形容词表示附 近的既可放在所修饰的名词前面也 可放在所修饰的 名词后面 b) nearby 作副词放在句首时,句子 要倒装 [ 辨 析 ] nearby 与 near by : nearby 是形容词, 修饰名词, near by 分开写,作状 语,修饰动词。 nearly [5ni[lI] adv. almost; not quite or not yet completely 几乎;近乎 [辨析] nearly 与 almost:两者 都有“几乎”、 “差不多”的意思, 有时 可以通 用,但两者有时还是有区别的。 a) almost 所 表 达 的 相 差 程 度 较 nearly 小,有 very nearly 的含 义。 b) almost 在句子中不能与 not 连用, 但 almost 可以与 no, none, nothing, never 连用, 此 时 不 可与 nearly 通 用, 常 可与 hardly any 或 scarcely any 通

用。 c) nearly 一般用来修饰表示肯 定 意 义 的 词 语 , 不 能 与 never, nobody, none, nothing, nowhere, no 等否定意义词连用, 但可与 not 连用,构成 not nearly (=far from, much less than), 其意思是“差得远,远远不够”。 d) 当句子谈的不是向某个目标 发展的趋势,也不是容易衡量的东 西(即修饰表示感觉或心境的动词 和形容词)时,不用 nearly,要用 almost。 syn. almost neat [nI:t]adj.1. in good order; arranged well; showing care in appearance; tidy 整洁的; 整齐的 2. liking order and good arrangement; orderly 爱 整 洁 的;有条理的 3. simple and exact 简洁的; 雅 致的 4. clever and effective 巧妙的 neatly[5nI:tlI] adv. neatness [5nI:tnIs] n. necessary [5nesIs[rI]adj. 1.(+to/ for) that must be had or obtained; needed

必需的;必要的 2. that must be; that cannot be different or avoided; determined or fixed by the nature of things 必定的;必然的 [句型] a) It is necessary (for sb.) to do sth. (某人)做某事是必要 的 b) It is necessary that sb. (should) +do sth. 某人有必要做 某事(从 句谓语动词用虚拟语气, 即(should) +动词原形。 ) c) if necessary 如果有必要 ant. unnecessary neck[nek] n. 1. the part of the body between the head and shoulders 颈;脖子 2. this part of the body of an animal, used as food 动物的颈部(做食用) 3. the part of a garment for this part of the human body 衣领 neck and neck 不分上下;并驾齐 驱;不分胜负;肩并肩地 necklace [5neklIs] n. 项链 need [nI:d] 1. vt. to have a need for; want for some useful
68

purpose; lack; require 需要 2. aux. v. to have to 必须 3. n. a) (+of/for)a/the condition of lacking or wanting something necessary or very useful 缺少; 缺乏;需要 b) (+for) (a ) necessary duty; what must be done; obligation 责 任 ; 义 务 c) (pl.)something necessary to have 必需品 in (good/great) need of (很)需要 [句型] a) There is (no) need to do sth. 有(没有)做某事的必要 b) needn?t have done sth.表示 过去本不必做某事(但实际上做了) [用法] a)need 作及物动词,作 需要 解, 后面常跟名词(代词), 不定式 或 v-ing 形 式, 与普通实义动词一样,有人称, 数和时态的变化,其否定形式要借 助 于助动词 do 的各种形式。其后跟 v-ing 形式作宾语,v-ing 为主动形 式,却 表示被动意思, 相当于不定式的被 动式, 这时 v-ing 和主语之间有动

宾 关系(want, require 也有这一用 法).。 b)need 作情态动词, 后面跟动词 原形, 通常用于否定句, 疑问句, 条件句, whether(if) 名词从句或含否定意 义的肯定句中, 此时,它无人称, 数 的 变化, 其否定是否定其本身, 即 needn?t . 引导疑问句时,肯定回答 用 must, 否定回答用 needn?t。 needle [5nI:dl] n. a long metal pin used in sewing for pulling thread, with a sharp point at one end and a hole in the other end for the thread 针; 缝针 as sharp as a needle 非常敏锐 neighbo(u)r[5neib[] n.[C] one of 2 or more people that are near one another 邻居; 邻人 neither[5]naiT[ 1. pron. (sometimes used after a Pronoun) not one and not the other of two (有时用于代词之后)两者都

不 (作主语时,句子谓语动词常用 单数形式,间或可用复数形式) 2. conj. (used before the first of two or more choices which are expressed by like noun phrases, verb phrases, etc., separated by nor) not either(用于被 nor 分开的名词、 短语或动词短语等两个以上的选择 之 前)既不; 也不 (neither ...匼 ? ? ? ? ? nor ? ? ? ? ? 匼 连 接句子中两个 同等成分,若连接两个主语, 谓语 动词与靠近它的主语人称数相一 致。) 3. adj. not one and not the other of 2 两者都不(修饰单数名 词。Neither 同所修饰的名词作主语,谓语动词 用单数。 ) 4. adv. (used in answer to or in addition to an expression or sentence with no, not, never, etc.) nor; no more; also not 用于回答否定 句或加于否定句)也不(放在句首, 表示前面否定的内容也适合于另

一个人或事物,句子要倒装。句型 为 neither + be / 助动词/情态动 词 + 主语。 ) [ 辨 析 ] neither, either, both neither 和 either 作形容词,后修 饰的名词都 是单数。 both 表示“两者都”, 修 饰的名词是复数形式。 neither??nor??? 既 不?? 也 不...; 两者都 不; either?? or??或者???或者???? both?? and ??两者都 nephew[5nefjU(:), 5nevjU(:)] n. 1.the son of ones brother or sister 侄儿; 外甥 2.the son of ones wives or husbands brother or sister 姻侄; 姻甥 nervous [5n[:v[s]adj. 1.a) excited and anxious; worried 焦 虑的;担忧的 b) of or resulting from this kind of condition 紧张的; 不安的 c) (of a person)easily excited and worried (指人)神经质的; 易紧张的 2. of or related to the nervous system of the body, or to the feelings 神经系统的
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3.(+of)(Br. E)slightly afraid; timid( 英 ) 害 羞 的 ; 胆 怯 的 nervously adv. nervousness n. feel nervous about/ at sth. 因 某事而坐立不安 make someone nervous 使人 心烦;使人担忧 [ 辨 析 ] nervous, anxious, upset: nervous 指对正在发生 的事情紧张、害怕; anxious 指对可能发生的事情担 心、焦虑; upset 指对已经发生的 事情(不 是大的事)不安、难过。 net [net] n. a material of strings, wires, threads, etc. tied or woven together with regular equal spaces between them 网;网状物 a fishing net 渔网 cast ones net 撒网 network [5netw[:k] n. 网络系 统 never [5nev[]adv. 1. not ever; not at any time 从未;未曾;决 不 2.not ( 常 用 于 短 语 never so much as 和 never do 中以及命令

句中)不; 不要 never mind (=Don' t worry; Don?t pay any attention to what has just been said) 不要紧,没关系 ant. always [用法]never 作为否定副词, 放在句 首,句子要倒装,即用句型: Never + do/does/did/will/can + 主语+谓语动词。 new [njU:]adj. 1.having begun or been made only a short time ago or before 新的;新近的 2.not used by anyone before.未 用过的 3.being found or becoming known only now or recently in the past. 新发现的; 初为人知的 4.being in the stated position only a short time 新(加入)的 5.different; another 不同的;另 一 6.fresh 新鲜的 new to (= just beginning to know about or do; still unfamilia

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