2.常见的及物，不及物的： answer,ask,begin,borrow,choose,climb,dance,eat,enter,fail,fill,grow,help, hurry,jump
3.及物不及物意义变化的 lift.升高 beat vi.跳动 vt. 敲、打; grow vi.生 长 vt. 种 植 play vi. 玩 耍 vt. 打 （ 牌 、 球 ） , 演 奏 smell vi. 发 出 （ 气 味） vt. 嗅 ring vi.（电话、铃）响 vt.打电话 speak vi.讲话 vt. 说（语 言） hang vi. 悬挂 vt. 绞死 operate vi.动手术 vt. 操作
4.意义不变的 start, answer, sing, close, consider, insist, read, learn, prepare, pay, hurt, improve....
5.常做不及物动词： live, go, work, listen, look, come, die, belong, fall, exist, rise, arrive, sit, sa il, hurry, fail, succeed. agree...
不及物动词 agree, go, work, listen, look, come, die, belong, fall, exist, rise, arrive, sit, sail, hurry, fail, succeed、 beat、 buy, catch, invent, found, like, observe, offer, prevent, promise, raise, find, forget, receive, regard, see, say, seat, supply, select, suppose, show, make, take, tell 6.不及物动词短语 1.break down (stop functioning 坏了，不好使了) That old Jeep had a tendency to break down just when I needed it the most. 2.catch on (become popular 出名) Popular songs seem to catch on in California first and then spread eastward. 3. come back ( return to a place 返回) Father promised that we would never come back to this horrible place. 4. come in ( Enter 进入) They tried to come in through the back door, but it was locked. 5.come to ( regain consciousness 恢复意识) He was hit on the head very hard, but after several minutes, he started to come to again. 6.come over (to visit 访问) The children promised to come over, but they never do.
7.drop by (visit without appointment 顺便拜访) We used to just drop by, but they were never home, so we stopped doing that. 8.eat out (dine in a restaurant 外出吃饭) When we visited Paris, we loved eating out in the sidewalk cafes. 9. get by ( survive 凑合，过得去) Uncle Heine didn't have much money, but he always seemed to get by wi thout borrowing money from relatives. 10.get up ( Arise 起床) Grandmother tried to get up, but the couch was too low, and she couldn' t make it on her own. 11. go back ( return to a place 回到) It's hard to imagine that we will ever go back to Lithuania. 12.go on ( Continue 继续) He would finish one Dickens novel and then just go on to the next. 13. go on (2) ( Happen 发生) The cops heard all the noise and stopped to see what was going on. 14. grow up ( get older 变老) Charles grew up to be a lot like his father. 15.keep away ( remain at a distance 保持距离) The judge warned the stalker to keep away from his victim's home. 16. keep on (+动名称) ( continue with the same 继续保持)
He tried to keep on singing long after his voice was ruined. 17. pass out ( lose consciousness, faint 昏过去，晕) He had drunk too much; he passed out on the sidewalk outside the bar. 18. show off ( demonstrate haughtily 炫耀) Whenever he sat down at the piano, we knew he was going to show off. 19. show up( Arrive 到达，出现) Day after day, Efrain showed up for class twenty minutes late. 20. wake up (arouse from sleep 醒来) I woke up when the rooster crowed.
高中阶段的所有不及物动词（人教大纲版） depend operate shrug accept determine organise sip adjust decrease prosper accumulate expand act dice owe skip advise demonstrate range admit fade add disagree paddle slice aim diagnose reason advertise flash advance dive part
sow apply drown recover annoy govern adventure divide pat speed bargain elect rejuvenate appeal kid apologise educate perform spread bathe embrace relate
approve mate applaud entertain poison stare battle erupt rely arise mature argue exist pray steam belong experiment remain associate melt balance fault
press strike benefit fire rephrase bid mine behave fear prevent struggle bite flee reproduce broadcast profit bend fertilise raft succeed bleed float
require burst react boil fight rank suffer calm gather research campaign refer boom flow rap survive chat hesitate resist clap register bother
frown record tap cheat identify retire claw remark bow fry refuel tear cheer insist rise concentrate resign brake function repeat thrill choke
itch rot conclude shave cackle garden respond tidy circulate judge scream consult skateboard camp heat rhyme toast conquer lack seek cooperate starve
carve howl sail touch consist leap stretch curse strengthen cast hunt salute tour contract match summarise decline troop combine import saw
twist contribute moulder swear differ volunteer comment interrupt scare unite cooperate panic tend distinguish wander communicate lead settle unpack deal participate
undertake endeavour weep compete lean shake vary debate predict vote continue loop share weigh crack manage ship whisper cycle occur
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