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高中英语 Module 4 A Social Survey-My Neighbourhood Section Ⅰ Introduction,Reading & Vocabulary课件


Module 4 A Social Survey—My Neighbourhood

词海拾贝

难句剖析

理解诱思

Do you want to make a good neighbour? When buying or renting a house,everyone expects not

only the good quality of the house but also the nice neighbours.However,different people have different standards of good neighbours.In my opinion,a good neighbour should be someone who respects your life,and is ready to help others and concerned about the environment in the neighbourhood.

词海拾贝

难句剖析

理解诱思

First of all,it is very important for your neighbour to respect your life.Just imagine,if you have a neighbour who is curious1 about you,and tries to know more about you by all means,what will you feel?What is more,he or she may also talk with others about your life.You will feel very uncomfortable to have such kind of people in your neighbourhood and you may move as soon as possible. What you should consider next is that a good neighbour is always willing to give you a hand when you need him or her.For example,if you are not at home and someone suspect2 tries to unlock your door,your neighbour who sees it should call the police,and he or she will help you to protect your property3.

词海拾贝

难句剖析

理解诱思

Finally,a good neighbour should be concerned about the environment,especially around your neighbourhood.He or she should throw all the rubbish into a garbage can,because a good environment can make people in it comfortable all the time. 译文: 当买房或者是租房时,除了房子的质量,周围好的邻居也是人们 所期望的。然而,对于优秀的邻居标准,不同的人有不同的看法。 在我看来,一个优秀的邻居应该尊重你的生活,乐于助人并且关心 社区环境。

词海拾贝

难句剖析

理解诱思

首先,邻居尊重你的生活这一点十分重要。你可以设想一下,如 果你有一个对你好奇的邻居,一个试图通过任何方式了解你的邻居, 你会有怎样的感觉?而且,她/他可能会跟其他人讨论你的生活。在 你的社区里有这样的人会让你感到非常不便,并可能会让你想尽快 搬走。 接下来你该考虑的是一个好的邻居会在你需要她/他的时候对你 伸出援助之手。举个例子,假如你不在家,而某个可疑的人试图开 你家的锁,看到这一幕的邻居会打电话报警,保护你的财产。 最后,一个好的邻居会关心周围的环境,特别是你们社区的环境。 她/他会把垃圾扔到垃圾箱内,因为一个良好的社区环境会让住在 其中的人们安心舒适。

词海拾贝

难句剖析

理解诱思

1.curious [?kj??rI?s] adj.好奇的 2.suspect [s??spekt] adj.可疑的 3.property [?pr?p?tI] n.财产

词海拾贝

难句剖析

理解诱思

...if you have a neighbour who is curious about you,and tries to know more about you by all means... 译文:……如果你有一个对你好奇的邻居,一个试图通过任何方 式了解你的邻居…… 剖析:在if引导的条件从句中含有一个以who引导的定语从句,先 行词是neighbour,关联词用who或that。

词海拾贝

难句剖析

理解诱思

1.Which of the following is NOT true? A.We’re expected to consider the quality of the house before buying or renting a house. B.A good neighbour is ready to help. C.A good neighbour will be concerned about protecting the environment. D.A good neighbour will always catch the suspect who tries to unlock your door. 答案:D 2.What kind of neighbours do you like best? 答案:The answer varies.

Section Ⅰ

Introduction,Reading and Vocabulary









一、写作词汇 语境考查:预习Introduction,Reading and Vocabulary部分的词汇,完 成下列小对话。 1.—How do you like the survey (调查)made by the researchers? —Oh,it’s very helpful. 2.—We need to make the club attractive (有吸引力的) to many young people. —I can’t agree any more.









3.—He has been living in Qingdao for ten years. —He must feel fortunate (幸运的)to live by the seaside. approaching 4.—The Mid-autumn Day is (临近).Shall we enjoy the moon together? —Certainly.I’ve been looking forward to it. traffic 5.—Recently (交通)accidents happen frequently. —Something must be done to stop them from happening.









二、阅读词汇 预习Introduction,Reading and Vocabulary部分的词汇,阅读下列小短 文,写出画线部分的汉语意思。 Recently,many high-rise buildings have been put up 1. 建起;搭起 in the suburb 2. 城郊;郊区 of my hometown.Because this district 3. 区域 is near a gorgeous 4.美丽的;宜人的 harbour,the rent 5. 租金 here is very high.But many tourists 游客 6. still come here to enjoy the architecture 建筑 7. ,bothering 8. 打扰 the local residents.









While-reading 三、阅读课文A Lively City,完成下列各题 1.John thinks Xiao Li’s hometown is one of the China. A.most attractive B.most famous C.most modern D.most friendly 答案:A 2.Where does Xiao Li love living? A.By a lake. B.By the seaside. C.On an island. D.In the suburb. 答案:B

places in









3.In the summer,Xiamen is . A.very hot and dry B.warm and wet C.very hot and wet D.warm and dry 答案:C 4.If you want to buy some gifts in Xiamen you should go to A.the harbour B.the western district C.the northwest district D.the business district

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答案:D









5.According to Xiao Li,the most interesting part of his hometown is . A.the western district B.the harbour C.the business district D.Gulangyu Island 答案:A 6.On Gulangyu Island there are . A.some pretty parks B.some interesting architecture C.a lot of high-rise buildings D.some great shopping malls 答案:B









Post-reading 四、下面一段文章是课文原文的浓缩,仔细阅读并根据课文内容将 其补充完整 John Martin is visiting Xiao Li’s hometown,Xiamen.This is the first Although/Though time he 1. has visited (visit) the city.2. he has visited some beautiful cities in China,he 3. (find) finds Xiamen is one of the 4. most attractive (attractive) places he has seems been to.It is so lively,and everyone 5. (seem) so tourists friendly.There are a lot of 6. (tour) around.









The business district is very modern,and a lot of high-rise buildings been put have 7. (put) up recently.And 8. there are some great shopping malls.The western district,the most interesting part of the city,has got some 9. really (real) pretty parks.It seems lovely.Gulangyu Island is just across the water.It’s a with gorgeous island 10. some really interesting architecture.

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1.The house is two storeys high and is made of local stone.(P31) 这座房子有两层,是用当地的石头建成的。 ★考点:be made of 由……制成 ①The pipes should be made of plastic. 这些管子应该是用塑料制作的。 考点延伸 1)阅读下列句子,体会黑体词组的意义 ②This armchair is made of bamboo. 这个扶手椅是用竹子做成的。 意义:由……做成(可以看出原材料)

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③Wine is made from grapes. 葡萄酒是用葡萄酿制的。 意义:由……做成(一般看不出原材料) 2)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的搭配及意义 ④Bamboo can be made into many fine things. 竹子可以制成许多精美的东西。 搭配:be made into 意义:被制成 ⑤Our school is made up of 30 classes. 我们学校由三十个班组成。 搭配:be made up of 意义:由……组成 ⑥We must make use of this chance. 我们必须利用这次机会。 搭配:make use of 意义:利用

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⑦The books we’re reading are made of paper and paper is made from wood.Wood can be made into many things. 我们读的书是由纸制成的,纸是由木头做成的。木头可以制成好 多东西。

be made of 由……做成(可看出原材料) be made from 由……做成(看不出原材料) be made into 被制成…… be made up of 由……组成 make use of 利用

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答案:1)been made into

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答案: 2)were made of

3)is made up of

4)is made from

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2.And this is the first time I’ve visited your hometown.(P32) 这是我第一次来参观你的家乡。 ★考点:This is the first time...这是第一次…… ①This is the first time we have met. 我们是第一次见面。 考点延伸 1)阅读下列句子,体会the+序数词+time的用法 ②This is the second time he has invited me to go to the cinema. 这是他第二次请我看电影。 用法:句型This/That/It is the+序数词+time...中从句用现在完成时。 ③It was the first time Linda had seen her work in print. 那是琳达第一次看见自己的作品出版。 用法:句型This/That/It was the+序数词+time...中从句用过去完成时。

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2)辨析the first time/for the first time ④He left me a good impression the first time I met him. 我第一次见他时,他给我留下了好印象。 用法:the first time引导时间状语从句 意义:第一次……时 ⑤When he came to England for sightseeing for the first time,he was excited. 他第一次来英国观光旅游时很兴奋。 用法:for the first time在句子中作状语 意义:第一次

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⑥This is not the first time I’ve been here.When I came here for the first time,the buildings here were not so tall. 这不是我第一次来这儿。当我第一次来这儿时,这儿的楼房还没 有这么高。

This is/was the first time+that 从句 the first time 第一次的 for the first time 第一次

现在完成时/过去完成时

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答案:1)the first time

2)forthe first time

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答案:3)haveplayed 4)has won

5)had lost

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visited some beautiful cities,but this is one of the most attractive places I’ve been to.(P32) 你知道,我已看过中国许多地方,游览过一些美丽的城市,但这是 我所到过的最有吸引力的地方之一。 ★考点:attractive adj.有吸引力的;吸引人的 ①Bright colours are attractive to children. 鲜艳的颜色对儿童有吸引力。 归纳:常用搭配be attractive to sb意为“对某人有吸引力”。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及意义 ②She gave a quiet cough to attract their attention. 她轻轻咳嗽一声来引起他们的注意。 词性:动词 意义:吸引 ③The television has little attraction for me. 电视对我几乎没有吸引力。 词性:名词 意义:吸引,吸引力

④The tourist attraction attracts many visitors every year. 这个旅游景点每年吸引许多游客。

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be attractive to sb对……有吸引力 attract v.吸引 attraction n.吸引力

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答案:1)attractive

2)attraction

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4.I feel very fortunate living here.(P32) 住在这儿我感到很幸运。 ★考点:fortunate adj. 幸运的,吉祥的 ①You are fortunate to have such a kind father. 你有这样一位和蔼的父亲,真是幸运。 归纳:be fortunate to do sth做某事真是幸运,动词不定式表示原因。 考点延伸 1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的搭配及意义 ②We are fortunate in being able to study here. 能在这儿学习,我们真的很幸运。 搭配:be fortunate in doing sth 意义:有幸做某事

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③It is fortunate that you have such good friends. 你有这样的好友是你的运气。 搭配:It is fortunate that... 意义:……真是幸运。 ④I was fortunate to meet such a helpful person. 遇到那么一个热心的人,我真幸运。 搭配:be fortunate to do sth 意义:很幸运做某事

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2)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及意义 ⑤Fortune favors those who use their judgement. 智才天助。 词性:名词 意义:运气 ⑥He made a fortune by working hard. 他靠努力工作发了财。 词性:名词 意义:财富;大笔的钱 ⑦Fortunately, the fire was discovered soon after it had started. 幸好火势刚起就立即被发现了。 词性:副词 意义:幸运地 ⑧I was unfortunate to lose my keys. 我很倒霉,丢了钥匙。 词性:形容词 意义:不幸的

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⑨You should feel fortunate to be offered such a good chance.However,that doesn’t mean you can make a big fortune. 你应该感到幸运能被提供这么好的机会。但是,那并不意味着你 会发大财。

be fortunate in doing sth有幸做某事 It’s fortunate that...……真是幸运。 be fortunate to do sth 很幸运做某事 make a/one’s fortune 发财

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答案:1)unfortunate

2)fortunate to 3)Fortunately

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5.Sounds OK to me.(P32)在我听来还行。 ★考点:sound vi.听起来 ①That music sounds beautiful. 那音乐优美动听。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及意义 ②We arrived home safe and sound. 我们安然无恙地到了家。 词性:形容词 意义:完好的,健康的 ③Sound travels more slowly than light. 声音的传播速度比光慢。 词性:名词 意义:声音 ④Your idea sounded like a good one. 你的主意听起来很好。 词性:系动词 意义:听起来

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辨析:

⑤There was a loud noise outside the classroom.The physics teacher had to raise his voice,“Light travels much faster than sound.” 教室外一片嘈杂声,物理老师只得提高了声音说:“光的传播速度 要比声音快得多。”

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答案:1)从另一个房间传来一种奇怪的声音。 2)希望你们安然无恙地回来。3)voice 4)sound

5)noise

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6.Don’t they bother you?(P32) 难道他们不会打扰到你们吗? ★考点:bother vt.打扰;烦扰;麻烦 ①Does my smoking bother you? 我吸烟会不会影响你?

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的搭配及意义 ②Don’t bother your father about/with it now;he’s very tired. 现在别拿这个去打搅你父亲,他很累了。 搭配:bother sb about/with sth 意义:拿某事去打扰某人 ③He didn’t even bother to say thank you. 他甚至连说一声谢谢都不肯。 搭配:bother to do sth 意义:费工夫做某事

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④I’m really sorry that I often bother you with all kinds of things.But what I want to tell you now is that we needn’t bother our heads about this matter. 很抱歉,我经常因各种事麻烦你。但是我现在想告诉你的是:我 们不必为这件事伤脑筋了。

bother sb about/with sth拿某事打扰某人 bother to do sth费工夫做某事 bother sb 打扰某人

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答案:1)bother;about /with

2)bother to

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7.They’ve put up a lot of high-rise buildings recently.(P32) 最近,他们建造了许多摩天大厦。 ★考点:put up 建造 ①A new library has been put up downtown. 市中心建起了一座新的图书馆。 考点延伸 1)阅读下列句子,体会黑体词组的意义 ②We can put you up for the night. 我们可以招待你过夜。 意义:留某人住在家中

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③Put your hand up if you want to ask a question. 若要提问题就把手举起来。 意义:举起,升起 ④The team’s names will be put up on the noticeboard. 该队名单将张榜公布。 意义:张贴 2)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的搭配及意义 ⑤What dress shall I put on for the party? 我穿什么衣服去参加聚会呢? 搭配:put on 意义:穿上 ⑥Firemen soon put the fire out. 消防队员很快把火扑灭了。

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搭配:put out 意义:熄灭(火) ⑦We have to put up with her bad temper. 我们只得忍受她的坏脾气。 搭配:put up with 意义:容忍,忍受 ⑧They decided to put aside their differences. 他们决定抛开彼此的分歧。 搭配:put aside 意义:保留,把……放在一边,暂不考虑 ⑨She put down the phone and went on working. 她放下电话继续工作。 搭配:put down 意义:放下

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⑩Never put off what we can do today till tomorrow. 今日事,今日毕。 搭配:put off 意义:推迟 Put away your things.Let’s go home! 收拾好你的东西。让我们回家吧! 搭配:put away 意义:将……收起

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put up 张贴;建起,搭起;举起;供给……(膳宿),住旅馆 put on 穿上 put out 扑灭(火) put up with 容忍,忍受 put aside保留,放在一边 put down放下,记下 put off 推迟 put away将……收起来

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答案:1)had put up 2)put up 3)were put up

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答案:4)putdown

5)put off

6)put aside

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答案:7)put up with

8)put out

9)putting away

10)put on

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8.Now we’re leaving the business district and approaching the harbour.(P32) 现在我们就要离开商业区,接近海港了。 ★考点:approach vt.接近 ①As you approach the town,you should slow down the speed. 接近那座城镇的时候,你应该减速慢行。

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考点延伸 1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及意义 ②The sky began to darken as the storm approached. 暴风雨来临时天空变得黑沉沉的。 词性:动词 意义:来临 ③At their approach the little boy ran away. 一听到他们走近,小男孩就逃走了。 词性:名词 意义:靠近 ④All approaches to the city were blocked. 通往这座城市的所有道路都被封锁了。 词性:名词 意义:道路

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⑤【高考典句】(2015· 陕西高考)They took a more reasonable approach,conveying to their children how success at school could improve their lives. 他们采取了一种合情合理的方法,向他们的孩子传达学业上的成 功是如何改变他们的生活。 词性:名词 意义:方法 2)辨析:approach/way/method/means ⑥Your approach to teaching differs from hers. 你的教学方法同她的教学方法不同。 用法:approach表示“道路,方法”,后跟介词to。

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⑦There must be a way to solve this problem. 一定有办法能解决这个难题。 用法:way表示“道路,方式,方法”,后跟介词of或动词不定式,常用 短语in the/this/that way这(那)样,用……的方法。 ⑧He introduced us to a new method of work. 他向我们介绍了一种新的工作方法。 用法:method指有系统、有条理地办事或解决问题的方法,后跟 介词of。常用短语:with the method of用……的方法。 ⑨Television is an effective means of communication. 电视是一种有效的通信手段。 用法:means指为达到某种目的或目标而采用的方法、手段或途 径。单复数同形,常用短语:by means of 用,借助于。

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⑩With the final exam approaching,students are thinking about many approaches to revising what they’ve learned. 随着期末考试的临近,同学们正考虑许多能够复习所学知识的方 法。

the way of doing/to do sth……的方法 by means of用……的手段 with the method of 用……的方法

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答案:1)approach

2)approachto/way of /method of

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答案:3)approaching

4)approaches

5)means

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答案:6)method 7)way


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