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2013年高考英语一轮复习 专题02 Language精品学案 牛津译林版


2013 年高考英语一轮复习精品学案Ⅲ 专题 02 Language(牛津译林 版)
一、根据句意及中文提示写出所缺单词的完全形式 1.Farmers in these provinces usually ________(种植)rice, wheat and corn. 2.Jimmy broke his leg and __________(所以)could not

play basketball with us. 3.You can treat the infected wound with a (混合物) of salt and water until medical help arrives. 4.You should pay much attention to the ___________(差别) between formal and in formal languages while learning English. 5.Little John didn’t finish his homework because he spent the _________(全部) afternoon playing. 6.Unfortunately, the research Carter spent five years doing had no _________ (实 用的) use. 7.One of her _________ (缺点) is her bad temper, which keeps her colleagues away from her. 8.The country has agreed to take part in the meeting to be held next week, _________ (象征;暗示) that it’s willing to have peace talks. 9.The technology is reported to have been _________ (简化) so that everyone can use it, including the old. 10.Jack hasn’t turned up; I think I must have been m_________(弄错了).

★重点句式 根据中文提示完成下列句子 1.另一方面,英语确实从法语中借用了许多词汇。 On the other hand, the English language ___________________ many words from French.

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★重要知识详解 一、重要词汇(单词+词组)

【即时巩固 1】翻译句子。 (1)罢工的办公室工作人员占据了整座建筑物。 _______________________________________________________________________________ (2)阅读占据了我大部分的空闲时间。 _______________________________________________________________________________ (3)我一直忙于读书。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 词汇-2. raise 【教材原句】 After the Norman Conquest, many English people worked as servants who raised animals. (P23) 【例句研读】阅读下列句子,注意划线部分的意思。 ( 1)Thank you for rais ing me for 24 years, I will repay for sure. (2)Raise your eyes once in a while and look into the distance. (3)We must do eve rything we can to raise the people's living standards.

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(4)It is meaningful to raise mone y to help people in need. (5)Why didn't you raise the question at the meeting?

【自主归纳】 make a contribution to =___________________为??做贡献 contribute 捐助;贡献;投稿等,常和 to 连用 【即时巩固 3】翻译句子。 (1)我们捐助了食物和衣物救济贫民。 _____________________________________________________________________ (2)他为这家杂志撰稿好几年了。 ______________________________________________________________________

词汇-5. distinguish 【教材原句】 It is easy to distinguish their meanings by looking at them,? .(P25) 【例句研读】 (1)Young children sometimes can't distinguish between fantasy and reality. (2)What was it that distinguished her from her classmates? (3)She has already distinguished herself as an athlete.

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词汇-6. convenient 【教材原句】 The whole system was not convenient for use. (P39) 【例句研读】翻译下列句子。 (1)If it is convenient for [to] you, we’ll come tomorrow. (2)I think it (is) convenient to leave at once. (3)Will it be convenient for you to start work tomorrow? (4)Please call me back at your convenience.

【自主归纳】 (1)be made up of =consist of_________(consist of 无被动语态) (2)be made of/be made from/be made out of _________ (3)be made into _____________ (4)make up _____________ (5)make for________________ (6)make out _________________ (7)make the most/best of__________ 【即时巩固 7】 American Indians _______about five percent of t he U.S. Population. A. fill up B. bring up C. make up D. set up 词汇-8. lead to 【教材原句】However, the Norman Conquest did not affect English as much as the Angles and the Saxons’ victory about 600 years earlier, which led to Old English replacing Celtic. (P2)

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【例句研读】 (1)This road leads to the hotel. 这条路_______旅馆。 (2)Smoking can lead to lung cancer. 抽烟可能_____肺癌。 【自主归纳】 (1)lead to = result __ 造成,导致 (2)result ____ 因??发生,随??发生

【自主归纳】 (1)控制着_________ (2)控制着,出于统治地位_________ (3)失去对??的控制_________ (4)失去控制,无法控制_________ (5)(被)控制住_________

【自主归纳】 (1)A 区别于 B;A 和 B 不同_________ (2)在??方面不同__________ (3)在某事上与某人意见相左,持不同看法。__________ 【即时巩固 10】 (1)French _____ ______ English______ _______ ______. 在这方面法语不同与英语。 (2)I have to _____ ______ yo u ______ that.

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在那一点上我 不能同意你的看法。 二、重点句型梳理(含重点语法) :

【即时巩固 12】句型转换。 It is certain that free medical care will be given to most people in our city. (1) Free medical care_____ ______ _______ ______ ______to most people in our city. (2)__________free medical care______ ______ ______to most people in our city. (3)_______ ______ _______ _______ ______free medical care will be given most people in our city.

【即时巩固 13】 一、翻译句子。 (1) Both children are not clever. (2) All stone is not hard. (3) None of these things are (is ) yours. (4) Neither of us came here. 二、单项选择 —Is this book interesting? —Yes, but I'm sure it won't interest__________. A. everybody B. anybody C. nobody D. somebody 4. 【教材原句】 After the Norman Conquest, upper class people spoke French while common people spoke English. (P23)

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5.【教材原句】While the students found the soldier’s idea interesting, the system was too difficult to be of practical use.(P39) 【句法分析】本句是主从复合句,其中 while 的意思是“虽然”,引导一个让步状语从句。 be of practical use“实用的”。be of +抽象名词相当于形容词,常用作表语,意为“具 有,拥有??”。 【即时巩固 15】翻译句子。 (1)今天的会议将很重要。 (2)你的建议对我很有价值。 【M3U2 参考答案】 ★核心词汇

11. raise animals 13. only a few words 15. show great concern for language unique 17. rather than 19. the Chinese language 21. in that 23. as a whole 25. in the 1950s 27. weigh as much as 100 pounds

12. as well 14. go through huge changes 16. keep their language pure and 18. 20. 22. 24. 26. 28. in conclusion differ from over time turn into introduce blind people to reading be of practical use

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29. work on ★重点句式 根据中文提示完成 下列句子 1. did borrow 2. It is certain that use

30. raised dots

3. Not all

4. while

5. be of practical

词汇-2. raise 【自主归纳】(1)抚养,养育;(2)抬起,提起,举起;(3)提高;(4)筹集,筹募;(5)提出 【即时巩固】1. about raising; without 2.try our best; problems raised 词汇-3. contribution 【例句研读】翻译句子。 他们为社会的发展作出了巨大的贡献。

词汇-6. convenient 【例句研读】翻译下列句子。 (1)如果你方便的 话,我们就明天来吧。(2)我认为马上离开较适合。(3)明天就开始工作你 觉得方便吗? (4)请你方便的时候回个电话给我。 【自主归纳】 (3)某人做某事方便(4)如果某人方便的话(5)在你方便的时候 【即时巩固 6】it is convenient for him

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词汇-7. be made up of 【自主归纳】 (1)由...组成(构成) (2)由??制成(3)被制成(4)组成, 编制, 化妆, 和解, 弥补(5)走向?? (6)理解,辨认出 (7)充分利用

【自主归纳】 (1)have/hold control of/over (2)in control (of) (3)lose control of ?(4)out of control(5)under control 【即时巩固 9】(1)It's no easy task to take control of a class of young children. (2)B 词汇-10. differ from 【自主归纳】 (1)A differs from B= A is different from B (2)diff er in ... (3)differ with sb. about/on/over sth.

【即时巩固 14】 (1)C (2)A (3)B 【即时巩固 15】翻译句子。 (1)Today’s meeting will be of great importance. (2)Your advice is of great value to me. ★单元知识综合练 第一部分 基础知识训练 (一)单词拼写 1. The country was o___________( 占领)by Germany in 1939 and didn’t win its

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independence until 1945.

8. Generally speaking, the blue lines on the map r_________(代表) rivers. 9.With the___________(发展)of science and technology, it is not too difficult for human beings to go and travel in space. 10. Your v___________ is too small; you need to learn more words. (二)单项填空

5. Come and see me whenever ______. A. you are convenient C. it is convenient to you B. you will be convenient D. it will be convenient for

you 6. Frank put the medicine in the top drawer to make sure it would not be _______ to the kids. A. accessible B. relative C. acceptable D. sensitive 7. The two countries are similar they both have a lot of snow in winter. A. now that B. for that C. with that D. in that 8. —How many books can I borrow? —One . A. at one time B. at times C. at a time D. at the time 9. Acting before thinking always failure. A. results in B. results from C. results to D.

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contributes 10. Our monitor is organized, easy-going, hardworking and intelligent. I can’t speak too highly of him. A. By t he way B. In a word C. On the other hand As a result (三)根据方框内所给短语的适当形式完成句子 A in confusion lose control of contribute to consist of depend on in that aside from as a whole

, D.

1.Many years of hard work ________ his great success in the development of this kind machine. 2.We should _______ ourselves rather than on others, including our parents. 3.The language ________ an Anglo-Saxon base plus words from the languages of Denmark and Norway. 4.The Chinese language differs from many Western languages ________ it uses characters which have meanings and can stand alone as words. th 5.The celebration of the 60 anniversary of the founding of New China is great for our school and for our country _______. 6.When the president ________ this factory, who will be sent to take control of it? 7.She stopped _______ as everyone turned to look at her. 8.________ suffering from physical problems, those who don’t keep in close touch with relatives or friends also have mental problems. B name after over time keep on make up as much as turn into ought to stand for

1.The Chang’e satellites are __________ a mythical Chinese goddess who flew to the moon. 2.It __________ raining heavily for a whole week. as a result, we had big floods all around our town. 3.You can pay __________ $ 200,000 for a one-bedroom flat in the center of London.

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6.Nobody believed his reason for being late for class _______ he had to meet his uncle at the airport. 7.You have no idea _______ anxious I have been for her safety. 8.—Are you still thinking about yes terday’s game? —Oh, that’s _____ ___ makes me feel excited. 9.Please remind me _______ he said he was going. I may be in time to see him off. 10.He was lucky enough to sell his car for exactly _______ he had paid for it. 第二部分 能力运用 (一)完型填空 There is no other city in the world that has such a strong connection with the Olympic Games. Athens, the____1____city of the first modern Olympics in 1896, ____2____ into the limelight (焦点) again on March 30,2008 ____3____ the flame for that year’s Olympic Games was ____4____ over to the Beijing Organizing Committee. The Olympic flame was ____5____ on March 24,2008 in Olympia, a place in southwestern Greece. In the ritual (仪式), actresses ____6____ as ancient Greek priestesses (女祭司) used a ____7____ to light the flame. The flame then was carried to the site of public ceremony and handed to the first ____8____, Greek taekwondo(跆拳道) athlete Alexandros Nikolaidis. He carried the flame to the ____9____ of the monument of Baron de Courbertin, the ____10____ of the modern Olympic Games.

1. A. host

B. traveled

C. ancient

D. oldest

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2. A. made B. got C. came D. became 3. A. where B. when C. as D. that 4. A. carried B. gave C. ha nded D. passed 5. A. fired B. lit C. burned D. started 6. A. worn B. acted C. performed D. dressed 7. A. mirror B. reflection C. cup D. pan 8. A. priestesses B. founder C. runner D. player 9. A. foot B. top C. front D. back 10. A. founder B. inventor C. discoverer D. finder 11. A. by B. after C. on D. in 12. A. dating B. spanning C. crossing D. covering 13. A. center B. city C. place D. site 14. A. regarded B. mentioned C. referred D. considered 15. A. yet B. however C. therefore D. still 16. A. attraction B. scene C. entrance D. platform 17. A. complete B. whole C. full D. total 18. A. set B. lay C. built D. laid 19. A. most B. more C. least D. less 20. A. gathering B. storage C. jewel D. collection (二)阅读理解 请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。 A The 1900 house The Bowler family was one of more than 400 families who applied to 1900 house, a reality TV show which took a typical family back a hundred years to see how people lived in the days before the internet, computer games and even electricity. The Bowler family spent three months in a London home without a telephone, co mputers, TV, or fast food. The Bowlers wore clothes from 1900, ate only food available in English at that time, and cooked their meals on a single stove. Paul Bowler still went to work every day in a then uniform. The children changed their clothes on the way to and from school and their classmates didn’t know about their unusual home life. Joyce stayed at home, cooking and cleaning like a typical housewife of the time, though everything took three times as long.

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B Stop Spam When I first got an e-mail account ten years ago, I received communications only from family, friends, and colleagues. Now it seems that every time I check my e-mail, I have an endless series of advertisements and other correspondence that do not interest me at all. If we want e-mail to continue to be useful, we need specific laws that make spamming(发送垃圾邮件) a crime. If lawmakers do not do something soon to prohibit spam, the problem will certainly get much worse. Computer programs allow spammers to send hundreds of millions of e-mails almost instantly. As more and more advertisers turn to spam to sell their products, individual(个人的) e-mail boxes are often flooded with spam e-mails. Wou ld people continue to use e-mail if they had to deal with an annoying amount of spam each time? This problem is troubling for individuals and companies as well. Many spam e-mails contain computer viruses that can shut down the entire network of a company. Companies rely on e-mail for their employees to communicate with each other. Spam frequently causes failures in their local communications networks, and their employees are thus unable to communicate effectively. Such a situation results in a loss of productivity and requires companies to repeatedly repair their networks. These computer problems raise production costs of companies, which are, in the end, passes on to the consumer. For these reasons, I believe that lawmakers need to legislate (立法) against spam. Spammers should be fined, and perhaps sent to prison if they continue to disturb people. E-mail is a tool which helps people all over the world to communicate

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conveniently, but spam is destroying this convenience.

(三)任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格的空格处里填人最恰当的单词。注意: 每个空格填 1 个单词。 Is there a "success personality"—some winning combination of qualities that leads almost inevitably (必然地) achievement? If so, exactly what is that secret success to formula(公式), and can anyone develop it? At the Gallop Organization we recently focused in depth on success, inquiring into the attitudes of 1500 distinguished people selected at random from Who's Who in America. Our research finds out a number of qualities that occur regularly among top achievers. Here is one of the most important, that is common sense. Common sense is the most widely possessed quality of the people surveyed. Seventy-nine percent award themselves a top score in this quality. And 61 percent say that common sense is very important in contributing to their success. To most, common sense means the ability to present sound, practical judgments on everyday affairs. To do this, one has to remove extra ideas and get right to the key points of what matters. A Texas oil and gas businessman puts it this way: "The key ability for success is simplifying. In conduction of meeting and dealing with industry reducing a complex problem to the simplest term is highly important." Is common sense a quality a person is born with, or can you do something to increase it? The oil man's answer is that common sense can definitely be developed. He owes his to learning how to debate in school. Another way to increase your store of common sense is to observe it in others, learning from their—and your own—mistakes. Besides common sense, there are many other factors that influence success: knowing your field, self-reliance, intelligence, the ability to get things done, leadership, creativity, relat ionships with others, and of course, luck. But common sense stands out. If you develop these qualities, you'll succeed. And you might even find yourself listed in Who's Who someday.

Secrets to success

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Finding of the (71)________ The most important quality

Top achievers have some common(72)______, one of which is common sense. 79 percent of the people surveyed(73)______ highly of common sense. And 61 percent say it plays an important role in their s uccess.

Understanding of To most, it means one is able to(74)________ daily affairs reasonably common sense by (75)________ on what really counts. (77)________ it through activities like learning how to debate in (76) ________ to school. get common sense Increasing it through( 78)________ by observing others. Other factors leading to success (79)_______ from common sense, many other factors contribute to success, luck(80)________. But common sense is the most outstanding.

(四)书面表达 众所周知,每个人都希望能保持一份好心情对我们的学习和工作非常重要。因此,如何保持 一份好心情也是大家关心的话题。 根据下面的提示和要求写一篇英文演讲稿, 就如何保持好 心情谈谈你的看法。 保持好心情的原因 促进工作和学习,提高生活质量 有利于身心健康 ?? 词数:150 左右 如何保持一份好心情 保持幽默感 拥有广泛的兴趣爱好 为人友好,多与人分享乐趣 ??

模块三 Unit 2 综合练习(参考答案)

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第一部分 基础知识训练 (一)单词拼写 1. occupied 2. puzzling 6. appearance 7. combine (二)单项填空

3. characters 4. replaced 5. servant 8. represent 9.development 10. vocabulary

5.C 解析:convenient 方便的,其主语不能是人。Whenever 引导的时间状语从句中用现在 时表示将来。 6.A 解析:句意为:弗兰克把药放在上面的抽屉里,确保不被孩子们够到。accessible 易 接近的;relative 相对的,比较的;acceptable 合意的,受欢迎的,可接受的;sensitive 敏感的。根据句意选 A 项。

(三)根据方框内所给短语的适当形式完成句子 A 1. contributed to 2. depend on 3. consisted of 5. as a whole 6. loses control of 7. in confusion B 1. named after 2. kept on 3. as much as 4. 5. stands for 6. ought to 7. make up 8. (四)语法填空(用适当的引导词填空) 1. what 2. that 3. what 4. what 5. whichever 6. that 10. what 第二部分 能力运用 (一)完型填空

4. in that 8. Aside from turned into over time 7. how 8. what 9. when

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13.A 解析:选 A。句意为:雅典在古代是艺术,学习和哲学的中心。 14.C 解析:选 C。refer to sth. as ...把??看作是??,本题采用了该短语的被动形式。 15.D 解析:选 D。句意为:历史的遗产(迹)虽然历经了几千年,但依然可见。 16.A 解析:选 A。句意为:卫城是最具吸引力的地方。 17.B 解析:选 B。由句意 可知,应为俯瞰整个城市,而 complete 强调(程度上)彻底。 18.C 解析:选 C。built on ...被修建在??,是过去分词作后置定语。 19.A 解析:选 A。most 最重要的,符合句意。 20.D 解析:选 D。a priceless collection of (无价)收藏品;收集品。 (二)阅读理解 A ACC B ADDC

(三)任务型阅读 71. research/study 72. qualities/similarities 73. think/speak 74. judge/handle 75. focusing/concentrating 76. Ways/How 77. Developing/Improving 78. mistakes 79. Apart 80. included (四)书面表达

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