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6非谓语动词


第二讲:非谓语动词
非谓语动词
主讲:Anne

识别非谓语动词
↓ ↘ to do/not to do doing/not doing done



1.He ______ wanted to go with her. 2.Eating more vegetables __ is g

ood for us. 3.We_______ decided not to go to the zoo. 4.Would mind not smoking here? _____ you_____ 5.The boy called Mark has been to Japan. _______

重 点
动名词 不定式

分 词

一、动名词

重 点
1. 基本用法 2. 动名词的完成时

3. 动名词的逻辑主语

一、基本用法
时 态
一般时

主动形式
doing

被动形式
being done

完成时 having done

having been done

1. 只接动名词的动词
三、四、三、四

1. 只接动名词的动词
A 打头的词 admit 承认

appreciate 赞赏、感激 avoid 避免

1. I really appreciate ______ to relax with you on this nice Island. A. to have had time B. having time C. to have time D. to having time

2. Tom admitted ___ in the exam, giving the teacher his word that he wouldn't do that again. A. having cheated B. to have cheated C. Having been cheated D. to have been cheated

3. I crossed the street to avoid ____ him, but he saw me and came running towards me. A. to meet B. meeting C. met D. having met

1. 只接动名词的动词
C, D, E, F 打头 consider 考虑

delay 耽搁 enjoy 享受
finish 完成

1. I am considering _____ my job as I’m not getting on well with my boss. A. changing B. to change C. changed D. to be changed

2. They delayed ______ their homework, which made the professor rather angry. A. to hand in B. handing in C. handed in D. have handed in

3. Many young people enjoy______ pop music. A. hearing B. listening to C. listen to D. to listen to

4. Every time after I finish _____ Taijiquan, I feel like a new person. A. to do B. doing C. done D. being done

1. 只接动名词的动词
ris risk 冒风险 imagine 想象 suggest 建议

1. I didn‘t imagine ______ a writer in my childhood. A. to become B. become C. became D. becoming

2. He suggested ______ there tomorrow. A. go B. went C. to go D. going
3. He suggested that you ______ there tomorrow. A. go B. went C. to go D. going

4. If you walk into the road without looking, you risk ______. A. being knocked down. B. Knocking down C. to be knocked down D. to knock down

1. 只接动名词的动词
P.M. postpone 推迟 practice 练习

miss 错过
mind 介意

1. She missed ________ to the party on Saturday. A. to go B. went C. going D. go

2. Would you mind ____the television to channel 8? A. switch B. switched C. switching D. to switch

3. They postponed _____an answer to a request. A. sending B. send C. to send D. sent

4. Why not __ an English club to practice __ English. A. join; speaking B. to join; to speak C. join; to speak D. to join; speaking



appreciate

admit

avoid



consider delay

enjoy finish



risk

imagine

suggest



postpone practice miss mind

2. 只接动名词的句式
(1)can’t help doing

They can’t help _____the clown. A. laughing B. laughing at C. to laught at D. laughed at

2. 只接动名词的句式
(2)There(It) is no use(good) doing
1. It is no use _______ her A. quarreling B. quarreling with C. quarreled with D. to quarrel with

2. There is no good _____ ciggerets. A. smoking B. to smoke C. smoke D. smoked

2. 只接动名词的句式
(3)be worth(busy) doing

1. This book is worth ______. A. read B. reading C. to read D. being read

2. We are busy _____ our homework now. A. doing B. to do C. does D. done

2. 只接动名词的句式
(4)feel like doing
Do you feel like____ today. A. having something eaten B. having something to eat C. to have something eaten D. to have something to eat

2. 只接动名词的句式
(5)介词短语后+doing
What(how) about doing Spend time (in) doing difficulty trouble (in) doing problem good(hard) time

Have a

1. They have difficulty _____ with each other. A. communicate B. communicated C. communicating D. to communicate

2. You don’t know about the difficulty I had _____ the work then at all. A. done B. to do C. for doing D. in doing

3. What about _____ to have dinner with me. A. go out B. to go out C. going out D. went out

4. They wouldn’t spend time _____ such useless and silly things. A. for doing B. to do C. in doing D. did

小 结
1. 接动名词的动词 2. 接动名词的句式



appreciate

admit

avoid



consider delay

enjoy finish



risk

imagine

suggest



postpone practice miss mind

(1)can’t help doing
(2)There(It) is no use(good) doing

(3)be worth(busy) doing
(4)feel like doing (5)介词短语后+doing

二、动名词的完成时
表示的动作发生在谓语表示的动作发生前

1. I don’t remember ________. A. ever to be saying B. to have ever said C. having ever said that D. ever said that

2. I regret _____ such a thing. A. to do B. doing C. having done D. done
3. He didn’t admit _____ the window. A. broken B. to break C. breaking D. having broken

三、动名词的逻辑主语
有逻辑主语和无逻辑主语的区别

1. I apologize for being not able to attend the meeting.
2. I apologize for his/him being not able to attend the meeting. 3. I apologize for their/them being not able to attend the meeting.

三、动名词的逻辑主语
逻辑主语可用:形容词性物主代词、宾格
主格 I you he she it we you they

宾格
形容词性 物主代词

me

you him her it

us you them our your their

my your his her it

1. Would you mind _____ the computer game in your room? A. he play B. his playing C. him to play D. him play
2. He forgot about _____ him to attend my wife’s birthday party. A. I asking B. my asking C. me to ask D. mine to ask

二、不定式

重 点
1. 基本用法 2. 不定式的被动式

3. 不定式的完成式 4. 不定式与动名词的区别

一、基本用法
时 态 主动形式 被动形式
(not) to be done

一般时(not)to do

完成时 (not) to have done (not) to have been done 进行时 (not) to be doing (not) to be being done

可做句子成份
(一) 做主语

(二) 做宾语
(三) 做宾补 (四) 做状语

(五) 做定语

(一) 做主语
___________the To figure out answer to the difficult

it
math problem is not easy. (figure out)

It is not easy to figure out the answer to the difficult math problem.

1. It’s important ______a foreign language. A. learning B. to learn C. learn D. learned
2. It is very polite _____loudly in public. A. to speak B. speaking C. not to speak D. not speaking

3. It’s important that he ______a foreign language. ? A. learns B. to learn C. learn D. learned 4. It is no good _____ ciggerets. A. smoking B. to smoke C. smoke D. smoked

(二)做宾语
1. 表希望的词+to Hope Want 希望 想要

expect 期望

Wish

希望

2. 表计划、打算的词+to Attempt Intend Mangage Arrange Offer Plan 试图 企图 设法 安排 打算 计划

3. 答应、拒绝的词 promise refuse 答应 拒绝

4. 其他表未来的词+to Afford happen learn study appear Fail Fear 花费的起 碰巧 学习 学习 好像 未能 担心

(三)做宾语补足语
1. 感官动词 2. 使役动词 3. 特殊词组

感官动词
(1)看 (2)听 See Hear watch notice look at

listen to

(3)闻
(4)尝

smell
taste

(5)感觉 feel

感官动词

do
doing

做了某事 正在做某事

I saw him work on the farm yesterday I saw him working on the farm on my way home

1. I saw him_____in the garden yesterday. A. work B. to work C. works D. worked
2. They knew her very well. They had seen her ___ up from childhood. A. grow B. grew C. was growing D. to grow

3. I hear him_____ aloud in the next door A. to read B. read C. reads D. readed
4. I feel the house ______. A. shakes B. shook C. shake D. to shake

使役动词

(1)使、让 (2)帮助 使役动词 + do

make Help

let

have

1. The teacher has his students ___ a composition every other week. A. to write B. written C. writing D. write

2. Who would you have _____the computer, Mr. Lin or Mr. Chen? A. repaired B. repair C. repairing D. to repair

3. Henry is seen _____ English aloud every morning in the classroom. A. read B. reading C. reads D. to read

区分使役动词+do 和 done Have sb do sth Have sth. done

1. Excuse me, but it is time to have your tempreture ______. A. taking B. taken C. took D. take

2. I’ll ______ that I’m a qualified engineer. A. have you know B. have known you C. have you knowing D. have you known

3. We are going to have our office ____ to make room for a new engineer. A. to rearrange B. rearrange C. rearranged D. rearranging

特殊词组+ do

Would rather Would/had better

(四)做状语
1. 目的 2. 结果

1. ______ a teacher, one must first be a pupil. A. being B. having been C. To be D. To have been

2. We hurried to the station ____ find ourselves three hours earlier for the train A. only to B. in order to C. so as to D. such as to

(五)做定语
定语后置

1. The question _____ at the meeting tomorrow is very important. A. to discuss B. being discussed C. to be discussed D. will be discussed

2. I have a lot of homework _____. A. to do B. doing C. to be done D. being done

基本用法总结
(一) 做主语

(二) 做宾语
(三) 做宾补 (四) 做状语

(五) 做定语

二、不定式被动语态
1. We shall ask for samples ____ and then we can make our decision. A. to be sent B. being sent C. to sent D. to have been sent
2. Pierre often makes himself _____ by gesturing with his hands. A. to understand B. understanding C. to be understood D. understood

3. The ability ____ is very important for any speaker. A. to hear clearly B. to be clearly heard C. to hearing clearly D. to being clearly heard

三、不定式的完成式
1. Charles Babbage is generally considered ______ the first computers. A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented

四、不定式与动名词的区别
(一)to 是介词还是不定式
1. We look forward to ______ to the opening cermony. A. invite B. be invited C. Having been invited D. being invited

2. You don’t object _____ you by your first name, do you ? A. for me to call B. me to call C. to my calling D. my calling

三、不定式与动名词的区别
(二)stop 和 go on
1. The old man walked slowly, stopping frequently _____. A. on rest B. at rest C. resting D. to rest

2. He began by showing us where the country was and went on_____ us about its climate A. telling B. to tell C. to telling D. to be told

二、不定式与动名词的区别
(三)remember, forget, regret
I remember giving the letter to him

I regret to say you didn’t pass the exam
I regret telling her the truth.

1. Don’t forget ______ the window before leaving the room A. to have closed B. to close C. having closed D. closing

二、不定式与动名词的区别
(四)mean
Being a student means studying hard.

John really upset Granny, but I’m sure he did not mean to.

1. I meant _____ you, but I’m afraid I forgot. A. ringing B. being ringing C. to ringing D. to ring

三、分词

重 点
1. 基本用法 2. ing 与 ed 的区别 3. Being done 与 ed 的区别 4.分词逻辑主语与主句主语关系 5. with(without)引导的独立结构

一、基本用法
1. doing 表主动 done 表被动 2. doing 表正在进行 done 表已经完成
1. Before the guests come, I must get the glasses_____. A. washed B. to be washed C. Being washed D. to wash

3. John, _____ the bet, had to pay for the dinner. A. lost B. having lost C. losing D. having loss

二、现在分词和过去分词的区别
1. doing 表主动 done 表被动 2. doing 表正在进行 done 表已经完成

二、现在分词和过去分词的区别
1. Is there any price _____ A. reduced C. reducing possiblity of getting the further? B. reduce D. be reduced

2. Today the police can watch cars ____ on road by radar. A. run B. to run C. Running D. to be run

surprise,frighten,delight等表情绪的词: + ing 表示令人……的 + ed 表示人……的 The news is surprising I am surprised at the news.

surprise,frighten,delight等表情绪的词:

3. She told me that it was the most ____ gift her daughter had received. A. delighting B. delighted C. delights D. delight

三、现在分词的被动式和过去分词的区别
现在分词的被动式:表示正在被做

过去分词:表示过去和被动

1. Standing on the bank, the children watched the ship ____ with all kinds of goods A. loading B. being loaded C. to be loaded D. having loaded

2. Interviewer should take down notes at the moment the person ____ answers the questions. A. to be interviewed B. interviewing C. being interviewed D. interviewed

四、分词逻辑主语与主句主语关系 (一)两者一致时
1. _____ tired after a hard work, she fell into bed and went straight to sleep. A. Felt B. Feeling C. Being felt D. To feel

2. Arriving at the bus stop, ____ waiting there. A. He found a lot of people B. A lot of people were C. He found a lot of people’s D. People were found

四、分词逻辑主语与主句主语关系 (二)分词短语有自己的逻辑主语
1. All things ____, the planned trip had to be called off. A. considered B. be considered C. considering D. having considered

2. Classes _____, the students left for home without delay. A. were over B. being over C. are over D. over

3. _____, we decided to leave at once, as we didn’t want to risk missing the bus. A. As it being pretty late B. It being pretty late C. It was being pretty late D. Being pretty late

4. The plane crashed, its bombs ___ as it hit the ground. A. exploded B. were exploded C. exploding D. were exploding

5. Weather_____, we’ll go to the Summer Palace. A. permits B. permitted C. permitting D. Being permitted

6. It _____ Sunday, you needn’t go to school. A. is B. was C. been D. being

7. All the work______, you can have a rest. A. do B. does C. doing D. done

五、with (without)引导的独立结构
1. With the bridge ____, there was nothing for it but to swim. A. was destroyed B. destroying C. being destroyed D. destroyed

2. With the flower_____ everywhere, the park looks beautiful. A. to bloom B. blooming C. Be blooming D. to be blooming

3. With the old man ____ the way, we had no trouble in finding that mysterious cave. A. leading B. led C. lead D. to be led

Ⅱ.选择填空: (C) 1.Lucy is interested in______ . A. read books B.to fly kites C. listening to music (B ) 2.We’re looking forward to ____the World Cup 2010 in South Africa. A. watch B. watching C. will watch (C)3.It took Liming an hour _______ to his grand’s yesterday. A. rode B. riding C. to ride (A)4.I really don’t know_____ next. A. what to do B. how to do C. what to do it (B )5.These days many supermarkets have stopped_______ free plastic bags. A. provide B. providing C. provide

( C)6. It’s hot. Would you mind _______ the window? A. me opening B. my closing C. my opening ( A)7.My bike is broken, so I have to get it_____ (repair). A. repaired B. repairing C. to repair ( B)8.I find it easy__________( read) English every day. A. read B. to read C. reading

Thank You


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