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高中英语倒装句练习及答案


倒装句
知识要点: 1、倒装句(Inversion) 英语的基本语序是“主语+谓语” 。如果将谓语的全部或一部分放在主语之前,这种语序称为“倒装” 。 一、倒装的类型 类型 完全倒装 例 句 说 明

Out rushed the students to welcome the foreign friends. 学生们涌出去欢迎外国朋友。 Seldom does he go to school late. 他上学很少迟到。

整个谓语移至主语之前。

部分倒 装

只把系动词,情态动词,助动词或 表语放在主语之前。

二、倒装结构的基本用法 1、由于语法结构的需要而使用的倒装 情 况 例 Have you got a dictionary? Where did he go last Monday? 疑问句中 Are you listening to the radio? Who told you the news? Which boy broke this glass? There are three wells in our village. “there be”结构中 在 以 There will be a party tonight. 一般使用完全倒装结构。 但如果主语是代词则用正常语序。 句 说 明

用完全或部分倒装,但以疑问词或疑问词修饰的 名词作主语的疑问句要用正常语序。

there,here Here is a letter for you.这儿有你一封信。 There goes the bell. 铃响了。

now,then,just,out,in,up,

down.away,bang 等 方 位 Now comes your turn to play.现在轮到你玩了。 或拟声词的副词开头的 Away went the crowd one by one . 句 子 中 , 且 谓 语 为 In came our teacher. be,stand,lie,come,go, fall 等 Out rushed the boys. Look, there he comes! Down she went 在以 nor, Neither, 中 看,他来了。 她下来了。 表示“?也不”,neither 和 nor 意思相同,可以替换 使用, So 表示“?也一样”时用倒装,但仅用于 肯定对方所说的内容时用正常语序。 so + 动词+主语“?也是如此” neither/ nor + 动词+主语 表示两人的同样一个情况时,只能表示一件 事,即上、下句所使用的动词、时态要一致。 否则要用 so it is with?

I can’t swim, nor (neither)can she . 我不会游泳,她也不会。 He did not turn up. No more did his wife. My brother can speak French. So can my sister. It is a sunny day. So it is.

no more 或者 so 开头的句 他没有来,他妻子也没有来。

例如:You can ride a bike. So can I . He has been to Beijing. So have I . The first one isn’t good, neither is the second. 例如:His uncle is a worker and has been working in the factory for more than ten years. So it is with his aunt.

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情 况









Proud as the nobles are ,he is afraid to see me . 用在 as (尽管)引导的让 尽管这些贵族很傲慢,他却害怕见我。 步状语从句中 Young as he is, he knows a lot . 虽然他年轻,却知道很多东西。

从 属 连 句 as 用 于 特 殊 语 序 , 含 义 与 though, although 相同,但“as”这种结构可表示非常强 烈的对照,必须用倒装(表语提前,部分倒装), Though 引导的句子可倒装也可不到装, although 引导 的句子不可倒装

2、为了加强语气而使用的倒装。 (使句子更加流畅,更加生动) 情 况 例 句 说 明

含有否定意义的 Never before have we seen such a sight. 副词或连词放在 以前我们从来没有见过这样的情景。 句首时 Little did I think that he could be back alive. him, but also his German citizenship. 民权也被剥夺了。 Not only Jack but also many others enjoy pop music.

常用否定词有 : never, not, hardly, scarcely( 几乎不 ), seldom, little, barely( 几乎不 ), rarely( 很少的 ),by no means, in no way, at no time, not until, not only?but 般主句用部分倒装结构。当 not only?but also 连接主

Not only was everything that he had taken away from also, no sooner ?than, hardly (scarcely)?when 等。一 不仅他所拥有的一切都被剥夺了,而且连他的德国公 语成分时,句子用正常语序。

副词 only 放在句 Only then did he realize his mistakes . 首时 Only in this way can you learn maths well . Only Mother can understand me . Only three of us failed in the exam. 虚拟语气条件从 Were they here, they would help us . 句中 Had I been informed earlier. I could have done something. Should you fail, take more pain and try again. 直接引语的全部 “He is a clever boy”said the teacher. 首时 “What do you think of the film? ”he asked. “I’m leaving for Hongkong next month”Mary told me yesterday. 表示祝愿的句子 May you succeed! 中 中国共产党万岁! 在频度状语 often, Often did we warn them not to do so. always, many a 子中 我们曾多次警告他们不要这样做。 她不止一次地帮助或学习英语。 time 等开头的句 Many a time has she helped me with my English. 在方式状语 thus Thus ended his life.这样结束了他的生命。 开头的句子中及 So loudly did he speak that even people in the next 程度状语 so 放句 room could hear him . 首 他讲话的声音那样大,连隔壁屋子里的人都听得见。 表地点状语的介 In the middle of the room stood a little girl. 词短语放在句首。在房间中央站着一个小女孩。 In the distance was a horse.马在远处。 祝你成功。

only 起强调作用, 其句型为 “only +状语+部分倒装” 。 如置于句首的 only 修饰主语,则不用倒装结构。

把从句中 if 省略将 were, had 或 should 放在主语的前 面。

主句主语和谓语次序颠倒,用完全倒装。 不用倒装。

或一部分放在句 “Go, Dick, go!”cried Tom,“Go home and get help” 但如果主句主语为代词时或谓语部分比主语长,一般

谓语动词或谓语的一部分放在主语的前面。

Long live the Communist Party of China.

一般使用完全倒装结构。 但如果主语是代词则用正常语序。

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倒装句练习 (I) 1. Never in my life A. I have heard of or seen C. have I heard of or seen 2. Seldom A. they watch C. have they watched such a thing. B. I had heard of or seen D. did I hear of or seen

11. On the wall A. hangs 12. Never A. have I seen 13. B. hang

two large portraits. C. hanged D. are hanging

such a wonderful place as Hangzhou. B. I have seen C. Had I seen D. I had seen

TV during the day. B. are they watching D. do they watch to admit his mistake. D. had he begun

,she was very brave. B. As she was a girl D. Girl as was she

A. Girl as she was C. A girl as she was 14. Little A. Susan knew C. knew Susan 15. Such A. is

3.Not until his comrades criticized him A. does he begin 4. Not only

that she was seriously ill herself. B. did Susan know D. was Susan known the results of the experiments. B. was C. are . D. as be

B. did he begin C. began he a promise, but also he kept it.

A. did he make B. he made C. does he make D. has he made 5. nor read English. A. Can’t he either write C. Can he neither write B. He can neither write D. Neither he can write .

16. I didn’t read the notice. A. So did he C. Nor did he 17.

B. Neither didn’t he D. He didn’t ,too

6. Only when thousands of flowers bloom together A. spring will be considered here B. could spring be considering here C. can spring be considered here D. spring can be considered here 7. his appearance that no one could recognize him. B. Was so strange D. Strange so was

, I would have phoned you. B. Had I known it D. Did I know it .”

A. If I knew it C. If I know it

18. “They have done a good job.” “ A. So they have done C. So have they 19. Now A. there is 20. Hardly A. did I reach

B. So they have D. So is it

A. So was strange C. So strange was 8.

your turn to recite the text. B. has come C. comes D. will come

and caught the mouse. B. The cat up jumped D. Jumped up the cat .” Which of the following is wrong. B. So is it today D. So it did

A. Up the cat jumped C. Up jumped the cat 9. “It was cold yesterday.” “ A. So it was

the railway station when the train started. B. had I reached C. I reached D. I had reached

21. “I like to watch TV plays, but I don’t watch TV every evening. ” “ .” A. So do I 22. Rarely B. So I do C. I do so D. So it is with me

C. So was it the day before 10. and the lesson began.

such a silly thing. B. I have heard of D. was I heard of

A. In came Mr. Brown C. In came he

B. Mr. Brown in came D. Came in Mr. Brown 3

A. have I heard of C. hear I of

23. A. Did

the rain stop. the crops would be saved. B. Should play chess. B. we will C. do we D. will we C. Would D. Will

A. There is it

B. There it is

C. There is

D. Here is it

5. —Where is your father? —Oh, ________. A. here he comes C. here does he come B. he here comes D. here comes he

24. Seldom A. we

25. Only after his death A. was his theory C. did his theory

considered correct. B. his theory was D. had his theory Professor Wang. D. Neither did

6.The door opened and there ________ . A. enters an old man C. did an old man enter B. entered an old man D. an old man entered

26. Albert Einstein cared little for money. A. Either did 27. B. So was C. So did

7. Now ______ your turn to recite the text. A. will come B. comes C. has come D. there is

the plane. B. Down flew C. Down was flying D. Down flying .

8.Often _____ them not to smoke here. A. we advised B. advised me 9.________ playing soldiers. A. Inside the room were two boys B. Inside the room two boys C. did we advise D. had we advised

A. Flew down

28. I don’t think Jack will come today, A. or Mary does C. and Mary doesn’t

B. Mary will either D. nor will Mary .”

C. Were two boys inside the room D. Inside the room was two boys 10. On the wall _______ two large portraits. A. are hanging B. hanged C. hang D. hangs

29. “Where is your father?” “Oh, A. here comes he C. he here comes 30.

B. here does he come D. here he comes

he realized it was too late to return home. B. Hardly did it grow dark when D. I t was until dark that

答案:倒装练习(I) 1-5 CDBAB 6-10 CCCDA 11-15 BAABC

A. No sooner it grew dark than C. I t was not until dark that 二.倒装练习(II) 1._______ and caught the mouse. A. Up the cat jumped C. Up jumped the cat

16-20 CBBCB 21-25 DABCA 26-30 DBDDC 解析: 1.C Never 放在句首,句子倒装,把完成时的助动词 提前。 2.D 在时。 3.B Not until 在句首,倒装,时态为过去时。 4.A Not only 在句首,倒装,由后半句知,是过去 时。 5.B neither?nor?既不??也不?? 6.C only 修饰时间状语从句,主句倒装。 7.C 表语提前,句子倒装。 8.C up,副词在句首,句子全倒装。
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B. The cat up jumped D. Jumped up the cat

seldom 放在句首,句子倒装,此句应为一般现

2.______ and the lesson began. A. In came Mr Brown C. In came he B. Mr Brown in came D. came in Mr Brown

3.Over _______ , dead. A. rolling the goat C. did the goat roll B. rolled the goat D. the goat rolled

4.—Where is my shirt, mum? —_________.

9.D A 的结构表示:昨天确实很冷 B 后的结构表示:今天也很冷 C 的结构表示:前天也很冷。 10.A in 作副词在句首,句子全倒装。 11.B 地点状语放在句首,会倒装,主语是 portraits, 动词用原形。 12.A 道理同第一题

28.D 句意为:我认为 29.D here 放在句首,倒装。由于主语是代词,只把 副词提前,构成部分倒装。 30.C 此句是强调句型,句意为:直到天黑他才意识 到天太晚了,不能回家了。

倒装练习 (II) 1-5 CABBA 13.A as 引导的让步状语从句,表语提前时,名词前 无冠词。 14.B 否定词 little 在句首,句子倒装。 15. C such 在句首, 句子全倒装, 主语是 experiments,

6-10 BBBDA

所以用 are 16.C nor 这里等于 neither,此句表他也没注意到这

个通知。 17.B 此句是虚拟语气,由后半句知,是对过去事实 的假设。从句为 if I had known it 可把 if 去掉, had 提前,变成倒装句。 18.B 19.C 20.B so+主语+助动词,表??确实??。 now 放在句首,句子全倒装,用一般现在时。 hardly + had+主语+过去分词+when+句子

21.D 句中既有肯定含义,又有否定含义,此时用 so it is with sb.表前面的情况也适用于另一个人。 22.A 否定副词 rarely 放在句首,句子倒装助动词提 前。 23.B 此句虚拟语气,倒装时 should 提前,去掉 if. 24.C 道理同第 2 题。 25. A 此句属 only 放在句首修饰时间状语,主句倒装 结构,又因是被动含义,所以选 A。 26.D neither+助动词+主语,表“另一人也不??” , 因前句有否定词 little,所以用 neither。 27.B 副词 down 在句首,句子会倒装。
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