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初高中英语过去式&过去分词


初高中英语过去式&过去分词
一、规则动词的过去式由“动词原形+-ed”构成,具体变化有: 1. 直 接 在 词 尾 加 -ed 。 如 : want—wanted, work—worked, need—needed, clean—cleaned 2. 以不发音的 e 结尾的在词尾加 -d 。如: like—liked, live—lived, use—used, move—moved 3. 以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,先双写结尾的辅音 字母,再加-ed。如:stop—stopped, trip—tripped 4. 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的动词,先把 y 变成 i,再加-ed。如:study—studied, carry—carried, hurry—hurried, marry—married 二、不规则动词变化,大体上归纳有以下六条记忆法: 1. 以 t 结尾的词,过去式与原形相同。如:put—put, let—let, cut—cut, beat—beat 2. 以 d 结尾的词, 把 d 变成 t。 如:build—built, lend—lent, send—sent, spend—spent 3. 以 n 结尾的词,在词后加 t。如:mean—meant, burn—burnt, learn—learnt 4. 以 ow / aw 结尾的词,把 ow / aw 变成 ew。如:blow—blew, draw—drew, know—knew, grow—grew 5. 含有双写字母的词, 将双写改为单写, 在词尾加 t。 如: keep—kept, sleep—slept, feel—felt, smell—smelt 6. 含有元音字母 o / i 的词,将 o / i 变成 a。如:sing—sang, give—gave, sit—sat, drink—drank 三、不规则动词表 动词原形 arise awake baby-sit be(am / is / are) beat become begin bend bet bite 中文意思 出现 醒来 临时照顾 是 击打 变成 开始 使弯曲 赌 咬 过去式 arose awoke baby-sat was / were beat became began bent bet bit 过去分词 arisen awaked / awoken baby-sat been beaten become begun bent bet bitten / bit

blow break bring build burn buy can cast catch choose come cost cut deal dig do / does draw dream drink drive eat fall feed feel fight find fly forbid forget forgive freeze get give go grow hang have / has hear

吹 打破 拿来 建造 燃烧 买 能 抛 捕捉 选择 来 花费 割 分配 挖 做 画,拉,拖 做梦 喝 驾驶 吃 掉落 喂 触摸 作战 找出 飞 禁止 忘记 原谅 结冰 得到 给 去 成长 挂 / 绞死 有 听到

blew broke brought built burnt / burned bought could cast caught chose came cost cut dealt dug did drew dreamed / dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade / forbad forgot forgave froze got gave went grew hung / hanged had heard

blown broken brought built burnt / burned bought 无 cast caught chosen come cost cut dealt dug done drawn dreamed / dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgot / forgotten forgiven frozen got given gone grown hung / hanged had heard

hide hit hold hurt keep know lay lead learn leave lend let lie light lose make may mean meet mistake misunderstand pay prove put quit read rebuild retell rid ride rise run saw say see seek sell send

隐藏 打 拿住 受伤 保持 知道 放置 引导 学习 离开 借贷 让 躺 点着 遗失 制作 可以 表…意思 遇到 误认 误会 支付 证明 放置 放弃 读 改建 复述 免除 骑 上升 跑 锯 说 看 寻觅 卖 送 / 寄

hid hit held hurt kept knew laid led learnt / learned left lent let lay lit / lighted lost made might meant met mistook misunderstood paid proved put quit / quitte read rebuilt retold rid / ridded rode rose ran sawed said saw sought sold sent

hidden / hid hit held hurt kept known laid led learnt / learned left lent let lain lit / lighted lost made × meant met mistaken misunderstood paid proved / proven put quit / quitted read rebuilt retold rid / ridded ridden risen run sawed / sawn said seen sought sold sent

set sew shake shall shine shoot show sing sink sit sleep smell sow speak spell spend spit spring stand steal sweep swim take teach tear tell think throw understand wake wear wet will win write

安置 缝合 摇 将 发光 擦亮 放(炮) 显露 唱歌 下沉 坐 睡 发出气味 种植 说 拼写 花费 吐出 跳跃 站立 偷 打扫 游泳 拿 教 撕裂 告诉 思考 投 / 扔 了解 醒着 穿着 淋湿 将 获胜 书写

set sewed shook should shone shined shot showed sang sank / sunk sat slept smelt sowed spoke spelt / spelled spent spat / spit sprang / sprung stood stole swept swam took taught tore told thought threw understood woke / waked wore wet / wetted would won wrote

set sewn / sewed shaken × shone shined shot showed / shown sung sunk / sunken sat slept smelt sown / sowed spoken spelt / spelled spent spat / spit sprung stood stolen swept swum taken taught torn told thought thrown understood waked / woken worn wet / wetted × won written


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