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高中英语表语从句讲解及练习


表语从句 1、概述 用作表语的从句叫作表语从句,它位于主句中的连系动词之后。引导表语从句的词有从属 连词 that、 whether、 as though(if); 关系代词 who, what, which, whom, whose, whatever, whoever, whomever, whichever 等;关系副词 when, where, why, how, how

ever, whenever, wherever 等。 可以接表语从句的连系动词由 be, look, remain, seem 等。That 引导表语从句时,在口语中, 间或可以省略。 The trouble is that we are short of money.困难是我们资金短缺。 That is why stone walls are used instead of fences around New England fields. 这就是为什么在新英格兰用石头墙而不用栅栏的原因。 At that time, it seemed as if I couldn't think of the right word anyhow. 当时,我似乎怎么也想不出一个恰当的字眼来。

2、由从属连词 that,whether 引导的表语从句。 that 在引导表语从句时无词义,而 whether 有词义,意为、“是否”。这时主句的主语常常是 些抽象名词, 如 question(问题), trouble(麻烦), problem(问题), result(结果), chance(可能性), suggestion(建议),idea(想法),reason(理由)等。表语从句对主句主语进行说明、解释,使主 语的内容具体化。 The trouble is (that) she has lost his money. 麻烦的事是他丢了钱。 The question is whether we need more ice cream.问题是我们是否还需要一些冰淇淋。 The problem was that it was too valuable for everyday use.问题是它作为日常之用太贵重了。 What she couldn’t understand was that fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. 我们不能理解越来越少的学生对他的课不感兴趣。

3、由关系代词引导的表语从句。 关系代词 who, what, which, whom, whose, whatever, whoever, whomever, whichever 等引导表 语从句,在句中作主语、宾语、表语,关系代词不能省略。 The question is which of us should go.问题是我们哪一个应该去。 The problem was who could do the work.问题是谁能做这项工作。 That's what he is worrying about.那就是他在担心的事。 That's what we should do.那是我们应该做的。

4、由关系副词引导的表语从句。 Go and get your coat. It's where you left it. 去把雨衣拿来。就在你原来放的地方。 I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella. That’s why I got wet through. 我们既没伞也没雨衣,这
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是我们淋湿的原因。 That is how mice ruin many stores of grain every year.那就是老鼠是怎样每年损害大量粮食的。 That is what he is worried about.那就是他所担心的。

5、由连词 because,as if/as though 等引导的表语从句。 It looked as if it was going to snow.看起来好像要下雪了。 That's because we never thought of it.这是因为我们从未想过此事。 It seems as if he didn’t know the answer.好像他不知道答案。

可以接表语从句的系动词有: 1:be(being,been,am,is,are,was,were) 2: feel , seem , look, appear ,sound, taste , smell 3: stand , lie , remain ,keep, stay 4: become ,get , grow , turn ,go ,come, run, fall 5: prove, turn out 系动词的固定搭配: come true, fall asleep, fall ill, go bad, come right, run wild 连接词:that / whether /as if /as though (if 不引导表语从句) 连接代词:who / whom / whose / which / what 连接副词:when / where / why / how / because 注:引导表语从句的连词 that 间或可以省略。 The truth is(that)I didn't go there. 事实是我没去那儿。

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表语从句练习 1. The question is ________ we will have our sports meet next week. A. that B. if C. when D. whether 2.The reason why he failed is ________he was too careless. A. because A. where B. that B. there C. for C. there where D. because of D. where there 3. Go and get your coat. It’ s ________you left it 4.The problem is _________to take the place of Ted A. who can we get C. who we can get A. that A. that A. that A. that B. like 9.—I fell sick! --I think it is _______ you are doing too much. A. why B. when C. what D. because 10. The reason why he hasn’t come is ___________. A. because his mother is ill C. that his mother is ill 11. —He was born here. -- That is _______ he likes the place so much. A. that A. what that/what 的区别练习 1._______your father wants to know is________ getting on with your studies. A. What; how are you C. How;that you are A. what B. that B. That;how you are D. What;how you are C. how D. why that B. what B. where C. why C. that D. how D. why 12.That is ______ Lu Xun once lived. B. because of his mother’s being ill D. for his mother is ill B. if B. what we can get D. that we can get C. whether B. when B. when C. as D.不填 C. why C. why D. as though D. what D. what

5. What I want to know is ______ he likes the gift given by us.

6. The reason is_________I missed the bus. 7. That is __ ___ we were late last time. 8. She looked _________ she were ten years younger.

2. The trouble is__________we are short of tools. 3. America was __________was first called “India” by Columbus.

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A. what

B. where

C. the place

D. there where

4. China is becoming stronger and stronger. It is no longer_________ . A. what it used to be C. what it used to being A. What … that C. What … what A. that B. which C. what D. such 高考练习 1 —I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week . —Is that_____ you had a few days off?(NMET1999) A. why B .what C. when D. where B. what it was used to being D. what it was used to be B. That … what D. That … what

5. ________he really means is ________he disagrees with us.

6. The energy is ________ makes the cells able to do their work.

2 .I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella ____I got wet through. (1998 上海) A. It’s the reason B. That’s why C. There’s why D. It’s how

3. See the flags on top of the building? That was ______ we did this morning. (06 全国) A. when B. which C. where D. what

4. --- Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game?(2003 北京春) ---Oh, that’s _____. A. what makes me feel excited C. how I feel about it B. whatever I feel excited about D. when I feel excited

5. What surprised me was not what he said but ______ he said it.(2004 湖北) A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which

答案 DBACCACDDCCB that/what 的区别 DBAAAC 高考练习 ABDAA
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