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高中英语教材必修1(第一单元)


Unit 1

FRIENDSHIP

Are you good to your friends? Do the following survey. Add up your score and see how many points you get. You want to see a very interesting film with

your friend, but your friend can’t go until he finishes cleaning his bicycle. You will A, go without your friend. B, help your friend clean the bicycle so you can leave early. C, plans to go another time. Your friend asks to borrow your favourite camera, when he borrowed it last time, he broke it and you had to pay to get it repaired, you will A, say no. B, let your friend borrow it without saying anything. C, let your friend borrow it, but tell him that if the camera is broken again, he will have to pay to get it repaired. Your friend comes to school very upset. The bell rings so you need to go to class. You will A, ignore the bell and go somewhere quiet to calm your friend down. B, tell your friend that you’ve got to go to class. C, tell your friend that you are concerned about him and you will meet after class and talk then. Your friend has gone on holiday and asked you to take care of his dog. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. The dog’s leg was broken. You will A, take the dog to the vet and pay the bill yourself. B, ask your parents to take the dog to the vet and pay for it. C, take the dog to the vet but give the bill to your friend to pay. You are taking your end-of-term exam. Your friend, who doesn’t work hard, asks you to help him cheat in the exam by looking at your paper. You will A, let him look at your paper. B, tell him that he should have studied, so you don’t let him look at your paper. C, tell him to look at someone else’s paper. Work out your score on page 8. Pre-reading Why do you need friends? Make a list of reasons why friends are important to you. Does a friend always have to be a person? What else can be your friend? Skim the first paragraph of the reading passage below and find who was Anne’s best friend. ANNE’S BEST FRIEND Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what

you are going through? Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend. Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War 2. her family was Jewish so they had to hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis. She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before they were discovered. During that time the only true friend was her diary. She said, ‘I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.” Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942. Thursday 15th June, 1944 Dear kitty, I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have dept me spellbound. That’s changed since I was here. For example, one evening when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time five months ago, h happened to be upstairs at dusk when the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face Sadly I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced. Yours. Anne Comprehending 理解 Read the passage and join the correct parts of the sentences. Anne kept a diary because she could tell everything to it. She felt very lonely because she couldn’t meet her friends. They had to hide because Jews were caught by Nazis and killed. Anne named her diary Kitty because she wanted it to be her best friend. Read the passage again and answer the following questions. About how long had Anne and her family been in the hiding place when she wrote this art of her diary? How did Anne feel about nature before she and her family hid away?

Why do you think her feelings changed towards 对于(t?'w? ? dzt)nature? Why did Anne no longer just like looking at nature out of the window? How would you describe Anne’s feelings as she was looking out at the night sky? With a partner brainstorm some adjectives to describe her feelings. Make a list of at least five. Share your list with another pair. Choose five good adjectives from the two lists. Imagine you have to go into hiding like Anne and her family. What would you miss most? Give your reasons. Learning about language Discovering useful words and expressions Find the word or expression for each of the following meanings from the text. Not inside a building Feeling disturbed To be worried about Free, not tied up To experience something To take no notice of Staying close to and looking at somebody To become quiet after nervous activity Piece of material hung to cover a window Complete this passage with some of the words and phrases 短语 above Anne’s sister Margot was very upset that the family had to move. However, she knew that she had got to go through all the difficulties with her family. She found it difficult to settle and set down in the hiding place, because she was concerned about whether they would be discovered. She suffered from loneliness, but she had to learn to like it there. What she really missed was going outdoors and walking the dog for her neighbor. It was such fun to watch it run loose in the park. She wished she could tell her neighbor face to face that she was sorry not to be able to do it any longer, but she knew that was too dangerous! Complete the following sentences using words and expressions from the text. When the man saw the car accident on the highway, he stopped in order to offer help. How can Linda recover from her illness in this room when it’s so dirty and dusty? It will only make her worse, said the doctor. After Peter died, George set down the story of their friendship in a book. When the street lights go on at dusk they make a beautiful picture, so different from the daytime.

Good friends do not add up what they do for each other; instead they offer help when it is needed. Although Tim and Mike come from entirely different backgrounds, they became close friends. Please draw the curtain; the sunlight is too bright. Sorry, I didn’t break the plate on purpose. It’s OK. Don’t worry about it.

Discovering useful structures Look at these sentences. can you find the difference between direct speech and indirect speech? I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary, said Anne. Anne said that she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary. Does a friend always have to be a person? The writer asks us. The writer asks us if a friend always has to be a person. Anne’s sister asked her what she called her diary. What do you call your diary? Anne’s sister asked her. Father asked Anne why she had gone to bed so late the night before. Why did you go to bed so late last night? Father asked Anne. Change the first four sentences from direct speech into indirect speech and the rest from indirect speech into direct speech. I don’t know the address of my new home, said Anne. I’ve got tired of looking at nature through dirty curtains and dusty windows, Anne said to her father. I need to pack up my things in the suitcase very quickly, the girl said. Why did you choose your diary and old letters? Her father asked her. Mother asked her if she was very hot with so many clothes on. Margot asked her what else she had hidden under her overcoat. Anne asked her father when they would go back home. Father asked Anne why she had talked so much to that boy. Pair works. One of you will be a child and the other the grandmother. The grandmother is listening to a weather report with her grandchild. Try to use indirect speech in your dialogue. What’s the weather in Beijing tomorrow? I can’t hear the man clearly on the TV.

Using language Reading and listening

Read the letter that Lisa wrote to Miss Wang of Radio for Teenagers and predict what Miss Wang will say. After listening, check and discuss her advice. Dear Miss Wang, I am having some trouble with my classmates at the moment. I’m getting along well with a boy in my class. We often do homework together and we enjoy helping each other. We have become really good friends. But other students have started gossiping. They say that this boy and I have fallen in love. This has made me angry. I don’t want to end the friendship, but I hate others gossiping. What should I do? Listen to the tape and try to spell the words as you hear their pronunciation. Then divide each of the sentences into several sense groups. There is nothing wrong with you and this boy being friends and study together. Give op your friendship with this boy would be a stupid thing to do. Teenagers like to gossip and they often see something that isn’t real. My advice is to ignore your classmates. That way you will show them that you are more grown up then they are. Listen to the tape again and use the exercise above to help you answer the following questions. What does Miss Wang say about their friendship? She says that a boy and a girl can be good friends Why doesn’t she think that Lisa should end their friendship? She thinks that would lose a good friend and someone to study with How dose she explain why Lisa’s classmates gossip about their friendship? She says that teenagers like to gossip What is Miss Wang’s advice? She asks Lisa to Speaking Do you agree with Miss Wang’s advice? Discuss it in small groups. You may use the following expressions in your conversation. Agreeing Reading and writing Miss Wang has received a letter from Xiao Dong. He is also asking for some advice. Read the letter on the right carefully and help Miss Wang answer it. Dear Miss Wang, I’m a student from Huzhou Senior High School. I have a problem. I’m not very good at

communicating with people. Although I try to told to my classmates, I still find it hard to make good friends with them. So I feel quite lonely sometimes. I do want to change this situation. But I don’t know how. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice. Yours Xian Dong Before you write, brainstorm with a partner about ways to change the situation. Make a list of your ideas and give your reasons. For example: Ideas To ask people their likes and dislikes To join in discussions and show interest in other people’s ideas Why To find classmates with the same interests To get to know different people and let them see you are friendly Decide which are the best ideas and put them into an order. Then write down your advice and explain how it will help. Each idea can make one paragraph the following sample and the expressions may help you. Dear Xiao Dong, I’m sorry you are having trouble in making friends. However, the situation is easy to change if you take my advice. Here are some tips to help you: Swap your letter with your partner. Look at his work and help to improve it. Pick out any mistakes you see in spelling, verb forms, or punctuation. Swap back. Correct any mistakes and write it out. Summing up Write down what you have learned about friends and friendship. From this unit you have also learned A new grammar item Learning tip It’s a good habit for you to keep a diary. It can help you remember past events. You can express your feelings and thoughts in it. It will help you improve your English if you write your diary in English. Why not have a try? Reading for fun Promise As you sit in silence. Wondering why I’ll be your shoulder to cry on until your tears run dry. When you’ve been hurt,

And can’t believe what they’ve done If you need someone to talk to I’ll be the one. If a close friend hurts you, And you don’t understand Remember I’m here, I’ll lend a helping hand Burdens are lighter When carried by two. And I just want you to know I’m here for you.


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